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N 



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AF 





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I 



{ ii ) 



i 



VERSES 
M<tie hy the Duke of Bucxinciiam, one 
tJie 90eh ^Juiy, 166S, addrett to his 
JUistris, [I^om an old A/5.] 
,i1ioufi^h PhilisyouerpreuJiilinge cbarmes 
Hath fonct my Delia frome mine armes, 
Tbinkfe not youer conquest to maintaine 
By riyer or unjust disdayne. 
In vaine, fare nimph, in vain^you striue. 
For loue douth seldome hope suruiue. 
My hearte may lan^ish for a time. 
As all Beautyes in theire prime 
Haue justifi'd such crueltye, 
)ly>the same fate that conquer'd me. 
When Ag^e shal! come,att whose command 
Those troopes of beautye must disbande^ 
A riyaul*s strength once tooke away. 
What slaues soe dull as to obey ? 
But, if you will leame a nobler way, 
To keepe this Empire frome decay, 
And theire for euer fix youer Thone, 
Bee kind'e, but kinde to met alone. 

IFrom the Oxford Herald.} 



EDWARD DYER. 
A celebrated Poet in Queen Elizabeth's 
rei^, descended from a family of that 
name in Somersetshire, and educated at 
Balliol College, Oxford. He was employed 
In several embassies by Elizabeth, was 
knightcd,and made Chancellor of the Gar- 
ter. It /does not appear that the following 
specimen of this writer's poetical abilities 
^ has ever been published. It is now 
printed from a MS collection of poems, 
written about the year 1600. 

Amidst the fayrest mountayne topps. 

Where Zepherus doth breathe 
The pleasant gale, that clothes with 
flowres 

The Valleys underneath, 
A shepparde liude, that dearly loude ; 

Deare Loue, tyme brought to passe 
A fforrest nimphe, who was as fayre 

' As euer woman was. 
Uis thoughtes were higher then the bills 

Wkerof he had the keepe. 
But all his actions innocent. 

As humble as his sheepe : 



Yet bad be powre, but her pure thouglif» 

Debar'd hi a powers to rise 
Higher then kissinge of her handet. 

Or lookinge in her eyes. 

One day, (I neede not name the day* 

To loouers of their sorrows, 
But say, as once a shepparde sayd. 

Their mone nights haue no morrows^ 
He from his sheep-^ot ledd his theepe 

To pasture in the lease. 
And ther to feed while be, the whil^ 

Might dream of his disease. 

And all alone (if he remayn^ 

Alone, that is in loue,) 
Unto himsclfe alone, be moom'ii , 

The passions he did proue. 
Oh heauens ! (qouth he,) ar these th'effects 

Of faithfiili loue's desarts ? 
Will Cynthca now forsake my loue ^ 

Haue women faithless hearts ? 

And will not witts, nor woords, nor 
woorks. 

Nor iong-endur'd laments. 
Bring to my playnts, pitie or peace |. 

Or to my teares, contents ? 
I, that enchayn*d jnay loue desires, 

From changinge thoughts as free^ 
As euer were true thoughts to ber. 

Or her thoughts falce to me. 

I, that for her my wanderinge sheept 

Forkoose, forgott, forwent; 
Nur of my selfe, nor them tooke keepe^ 

But in her lout's centent. 
Shall I, like meads with winter's raynt 

Be turned into teares. 
Shall I, of whose true feelinge payne. 

These greenes the recoi^d beares : 

Causeles be scorn'd, disdayn'd, despit'd f 

Then witnes this desire ; 
Loue was in woman's weed disguisd^ 

• And not in men's attire. 
And thus he said, and downe he lie^ 

Syinge as life would part. 
Oh, Cynthia, thou hast angel's eyes» 

But yet a woman's heart ! 

QD. Mr. DlRR. 

[From the Oafwd Herald.} 



INDEX TO PLATES in 

Jlherhury Church, Salop, 9* 
Antiquaries^ Society of, proposed Arms 

for, 529. 
JtUographSf 539, 

Birmingham'i Statue at, to Nelsen, 417. 
Brasses in St. Michael's Church, St. Al- 

ban's, 321. 
Qhester ie Street Church, 513. 
Clive Chapel, Salop, 609 . 
Cooking' Ajf>paratuSf 33. 
Flamsted Oiutch, Herts, SIO. 
Htnlnall CbBpeit Salop, 609. 
Halnaker llouse, Sussex, 409. 
Ivinghoe Church, Bucks, S09* 



Vol. LXXXII. Part 1. 

Aa/emfar of CEsel, 609. 

Lee, Kent, Monument at, 529* 

Monument at Lee, Kent, 5S9> 

Nelson^ Statue of, at Birmingham, 41f 

Rievaulx Abbey, 105. 

Ring^ antient, 391, 529. 

<S'if.^/6an'«,Brasses in St. Michael's at, 321* 

Seals^ antient, 321. 

Slater's Cooking Apparatus, 33. 

Stoney Stanton Church, co. Leic. 17* 

Upas Tree, 113. 

^incAec^^ College, Figure at, II 4« 

fFitherley Church, co. Leic. 241. 

iFrentham Hall, Suffolk, 313. 



I 



/ "I ) 
PREFACE ^ 

TO THE 

WR8T ?i^RT OF THE EIGHTY-SECOND VOLUME. 



Qu& magis in dubiis hominem spectare peiiclii 
Convenit, adversisque in rebus noscere qui sic 
Nam verae voces turn demum pectore ab imo 
Ejiciuatur, et eripitur Persona, manet Res. 



JLT is a remark of the Elder Puny that one of the prin- 
cipal objects of Nature in the creation of the Cock, was to 
warn men against the indulgence of indolence, and to rouse 
them to activity and labour. " Gallos excitandis in opera 
mortalibus, rumpendoque somno esse a Natura genitos, 
cum sole cubitum «untes, quintaque castrensi vi^ilia ad 
curam laboremque revocantes, nee solis ortum mcautis 
paventes obreperfe." 

We also have these periodic warnings, when we are 
roused to self-examination, and ^re induced to place our- 
selves before our Readers, Friends, and Correspondents, 
with the anxious desire to know whether, for the preceding 
Six Months, we have discharged our duty to our own 
credit and their satisfaction. We flatter ourselves that we 
have: And having, in this interval, brought to their final, 
and it may be presumed successful, accomplishment, two 
great and important incidental labours, " The History of 
Leicestershire,'* and the " Literary Anecdotes of the 
Eighteenth Century," we experience no diminution of zeal 
or elasticity ; and look before us with the hope that this, our 
alnaost only present Literary Labour, will proceed with its 
accustomed vigour. We are further warned by the solemn 
language of the philosophic Lucretius, which we haye 
adopted for our motto, to use no other language but that 
of Truth and Soberness; and this compels us ingenuously 
to acknowledge that the aspect of things about us is far 
from btting brighter than when we last appeared before 

20644 **"' 



« 



IT PREFACE. 

our Readers in an Address like \he present. We theft 
spoke, with the energy of Men and Veedom of Britons^ of 
our unalterable attacnment to the Religious Establishment 
of our Country. If it were then in apprehended peril, 
it is not less so at the presept period, wheu our honest zeal 
is termed Bigotry ; our hesitation in admitting those to 
poi^r, who never yet enjoyed without abusiofr it^ jg defio-' 
minated Illiberality. But we pause, not without adhering 
with due solemnity to our former protestations, not with- 
out invoking our Countrymen to be firm in their principles, 
unshaken by the general fever of the times, and undaunted 
by clamour or by menace. 

Let us turn, not unreluctantly, to a subject about which 
all parties, all sects, all mankind, are agreed.-— Ask of the 
meanest person that you mciet the value of Learning ? he 
will say it is of the greatest. Inquire of those whom you 
may encounter at the Court, in the City, in the Streiets, or 
in the Markets, whether they are acquainted with Learn- 
ing ? If they say they are, asK them again whether they are 
desirous to improve their knowledge :— One and all will 
eagerly and anxiously express their wish to do so. — Here 
then we rest, and make our honourable stand. — Here we 
provoke no enmities, irritate no parties, ofifend no sects^ 
inflame no passions. — ^As we are to all acceptable, so on 
our part, as long as the cause of Religion and good Morals 
is preserved inviolate, we receive without prejudice, and 
countenance without distinction, whatever has a tendency^ 
to promote Knowledge and the Sciences in all their various 
ramifications. 

To this unreserved and candid declaration, we may 
be permitted to subjoin the patriotic wish, that the pre- 
sent inauspicious fermentations, of every description, 
may be speedily and effectually allayed. Njor will it 
be unbecoming the Spirit of Loyalty, by which we trust 
we have been invariably distinguished, still further to 
add the hope, that the new direction and path which the 
Daemon of War is now about to take, may lead to the 
confusion, humiliation, and defeat, of that Individual, who, 
by the mysterious di9{)ensations of Providence, has, for 
so long a period, been permitted to erect his conquering 
Throne upon the misery and anguish of the Nations of 
«he Earth. 

Mp 15, 181^ 



^ 



GENTLEMAN'S MAGAZINE : 



iLoNiraH Gaz 

|GENBKAI.EVENiNC 

:H.PcntH. Herald 

Morniog Cfaroiiic. 
iTmet-tl. Adnn. 
IP.Ledger^Oracle 
;Brit. Preis — Day 

Sl James's Cfanm. 

Sug — Ereo. Mail 
ISUr— Traveller ' 

Pilot — Statesman 

Packet-Lond.Cbr. 

Albion— C. Cbron. 

Courier— Globe 
!Ei>j.Chroii.-Inq. i 

Cour d'Angleterre j 

Coar. ie Londtes i 
, rSvtherWeeklyP. 
'nSundayPapera ! 
;Hiie It Cr7 Police : 
'UL Adf. montfalr ' 

Batb 3— Bedford^ 

Benrjok — Boaton 

BinDin^haiD 4 

Blackb. Brigtibn 
, Briatol 5, Bary 
ICuDb. — Chalb. 
ICarii.a--Cb(ineTS 

Chelma. Cambria. 

I Met. Diaries [or Dec. 1811,' and Jan. 1812 S,S 
' G. Pnttenham, Anlbor of " Art of Poei 
Remark bj Hmnnm on Kick's Cooduc 
Letter of Bp. AUerbury — Westby Family... ^ 
I Mat;'* Letter to tie Vioe-rhancellc "-"" 



JANUARY, 1812. 
CONTAINING 



Comw.-Coveot. 2, 
Cumber! an 
Doncaster— Derb. ! 
Dorchesl — Esiex' 
Eietefa.Oloiic. « 
Halifax — Hants 2 
Hereford, Hull 3 
TpiHicb I. Kei 
LaneasL-Leici 
Leedaa,, Liverp, 6 
Maidst. Manob.4 
Neirc.S. — Nottj.2 
N'octhainpton 
Norfork, Norwi._.. 
N.WalesOxfonia 
Port«a— Pottery . 
Preslon — Plym. " 
Readinj— Sslis 
Salop— Slieffiek 
Sherborne, Susst 
Sbrewibury 
Staff.— Sumf. 2 | 
Taunton — I'jne 1 
Wakefi.— Warw. : 
Wore. 6— Yom 
l0Er.At<o37 ' 
24 



1, No.Ct\Sn....i 
:r Cathedral 

r; in Shropihin 



Dr. Milner— Winch. 

Old Church of Albei 

Series of Letters on Acoustiri, Letter J. 

Capt. Laborae— T)tlegof KinjsofEnglant 

Royal Palace at Eltbam in Kent described 

Lanterns in Chur,:hea — Bibliomania. 

VinceiU Corbet, the Father of fip. Corbet . 
Fathionable Mtaning otpreditli/ and imat 
Stoncy Stanton, Lei G.— Hints to Wtiters, kc. 17 
Enjlish Bible — Deuteronomy, chap. Xxxii". S( 
Locking of Carnages — Mou u mentf> destroy ed2 

The Familes of Mendes and Da Costa 2! 

Aatieat Branch of Revenue. iu Scotland 2' 

The Bappipp ? — Scarcity of Bread obTiated 25 . 

Dr. Bell's SyMeoi long khown in India 2^ 

VindicatiiHi of the Princes of Orange.... 
Saecewifal latrejiidity of a Brilisb Saifoi 
FelkuwofCollese* defended— CuriousPictureSO 
Will of a Husbandman 1519— Dr. Shenren 3: 
Controversy respecliog lleuryVII's Chapel Si 
Embelliibed with Perspectl 



Slater's Patqnt Cooking Apparattudnoribed 33 
Dr. Letlsotn'sJiXXlild Letter on Prisons.. .3 
Mr.Neitd's Remarks on Jhe Poultry Compter^ 
Notes respecting Ml. Oiyy and Dr. Beuttey 37 
IVtst Indies— Proterb (-Richard Diion! 58 

Etymology of Whirlpool, Walpole, &e 39 

Literary Intelligence — Index Indicalorius...40 

^r. Wllmot'i Lite of Bishop Hough ;41 

Bp. Huni's Edition of Addison's Works 4^ 



Battles of Talavera— Danube, and Barrosa 56 
Battle of Albuara—YoiHig'sSerraoD, &C....58 
SBLBCTPoRTRy fof JiDuBTy 1612. .......qO— 64 

n-L-.jj [p piesent Session of Pajliameiit ...65 
iting IntelL from the London Oazelte) li9 

IntelMgeiice — Shipwrei^s, tec 14 

otofthe principal Foreign Occurrenoes''fi 

Neo) trom varioiis Parts of the Country 19 

Inielligeoei ..; L 81 [ 

naring's Address to Qriind Jury ...85 

Preferments— Births and MBmigeS 87 

Biographical Account of Ur<| Newton'..^... SB 
Obituary, With Anecd. arreia.trkalil»Peraiins89 
Prices of the SlarkelB— Bill of Morlajily ... 95 
Prices ofStoi:Ls for the'Montb of January. 96 
Churches of ALBE*Bt|RYi in SiihorimKE, 



By SYLyjNUS URBAN. Gent. 



I 

M«TEqBOL0orcAL Diary* for Dedenibcr, 1811. By Dr. Pole, Bristol, 





.• 1 


* 




8h. 
heat 


^ it 


& 


JS 6 




J 


45 51 


30-10 


9 


43 44 


29-19 


3 


43 48 


. 30- 1 


4 


40 45 


29-14 


5 


32 29 


29-16 





33 40. 


. 30- 6 


7 


46 51 


30- 2 


8 


51 48 


29.14 


9 


37 41 


29^ 8 


10 


34 39 


29- 8 


11 


32 37 


29-18 


12 


31 39 


30- 1 


13 


49 52 


?0. 4 
30- 5 


U 


35 40 


15 


38 46 


30- 5 • 


16 


36 41 


30- 


17 


3^ 38 


29-18 


IS 


33 46 


30- 1 


19 


45 48 


30- 1 


m 


.45 52 


30- I 


21 


44 44 


30- 1 


22 


26 35 


30-11 


23 


41 46 


30-10 


24 


36 41 


30-10 


25 


28 32 


30-12 


26 


26 29 . 


30- 5 


27 


26 33 


29-14 


28 


27 31 


30-11 


29 


34 30 


29-18 


30 


20 30 


30- 6 


31 


17 33 


30- G 



WEATHER. 



} 



mostly cloudy, very light rain, evening highj wind [clear 

temperate, rainy night, morning cloudy, afternoon mostly 

cloudy, showery, high wind 

cloudy at times, showery, high wind ' < 

mornio|p light snow, ttiostly clear [windy 

morning cl6ttdy 'at times, afternoon cloudy, evening raiu, 

cloudy, light rain at Omes 

cloudy, sometimes rainy 

morning rainy, afternoon mostly dear 

mostly cloudy, some light raifi 

clear 

cloudy, afternoon light rain 

cloudy, evening rainy, windy 

clear 

cloudy 

cloudy, high wind 

cloudy, rain toost of thet da^y 

cloudy,, some light rain 

cloudy 

rainy 

morning etear, afternoon cloudy, some rain 

morning qio8,tly ci^ar, af^moon oJoudy, evening clear 

clear , . , , 

cloudy and dark 

clear * . ' 

cloudy and misty, afternoon Hght snow 

morning cloudy, with snow and rain, afternoon clear 

clear 

cloudy at times ' ' 

cloudy at times, some very light snow 

cloudy at times, tcvening some raiu 



Mbtborolooical Tabxe Sar Jan. I^^12. By W. Gary, Strand. 



Height of Fahrenheit's Thermometer. 



Weather 
tuJan. 1812. 



< 

5*8 


o'clock 
[orning. 


1 


i< 


Baroui. 
in. pt8. 


5S 


o 


o 


o '. 




Dee. 




24 


43 


43 


32 


30,10 


25 


29 


33 


28 


,20 


86 


28 


33 


25 


29,70 


27 


25 


33 


32 


,03 


88 


30 


33 


30 


,24 


29 


30 


32 


25 


,56 


30 


25 


32 


26 


,90 


31 


26 


32 


31 


,98 


1 


35* 


42 


33 


'.'76 


2 


40 


46 


36' 


,50 


3 


36 


43 


S5 


,20 


4 


32 


39- 


33 


,.39 


5 


33 


33 


36 


,15 


6 


30 


37 


33 


,70 


7 


33 


36 


35 


,62 


S 


33 


37 


32 


30,04 


9 


29 


33 


33 


,12 



small raia 

fair 

sleet 

snoijr 

snow 

cloudy 

fair 

cloudy 

fair 

fair 

rain 

cloudy 

snow and 

fair 

snow 

fair. 

snow 



ram 



Height of Fahrenheit*s ThermDmetcr, 




-5 be 

5 c 




• 






0-3 


■ y'e 


• 

ei 




Barom. 


Weather 


Jan. 


o 
o 


o 


^ be 
o 


in. pts. 


4a Jan. 1812« 






10 


33 


34 


34 


30,10 


rain 


11 


34 


37 


37 


29,87 


cloudy 


12 


55 


38 


35 


,87 


fair 


13 


34- 


39 


37 


,90 


cloudy 


14 


37 


42 


36 


.99 


cloudy 


15 


36 


43 


32 


30,10 


fair 


16 


32 


42 


40 


,18 


foggy 


17 


39 


41 


36 


,18 


foggy 


18 


37 


46 


40 


.11 


cloudy 


19 


43 


47 


43 


,05 


cloudy 


20 


38 


44 


34 


29,90 


fair 


21 


32 


37 


32 


,91 


fair 


22 


32 


35 


33 


,80 


cloudy 


23 


31 


33 


32 


.91 


cloudy 


24 


32 


34 


29 


30,01 


fair 


25 


30 


43 


43 


29,99 


cloudy ■ 


26 


'43 


46 


40 


30,01 


cloudy 


H 






: 







[ » I 



; •* 



THE GENTLEMAN'S MAGAZINE, 
For JANUARY, 1812, 



«fa 



. )\ \ ,} i 



■•r- 



wJ^m^ 



M r. UaBAir, Conduit St. Jan. 7. 

'T^ the Jate verbal reprint of the ^ri 

X ofPotsie by Pattenbana, is pre- 

Szed such fbw particithirs a$ I could 

glean of the life of the author, and ap- 

J tended thereto some of his poems,' 
br the first time identified, called the 
Partkeniades. Of bis Christian name 
the opinions Varied too much, and the 
authorities in support of both Geor^^e 
and Webster were too strong, to 
dfH^isivelj reject either., George had 
been used by Steevens, and Webster by 
Amesin theTypo^raphicalAntiquitrer, 
iuid ag^ain by Ritson in th« Btbiiogra- 

Shia Poetica : to oppose either of 
tiete authorities req^utred the dis- 
covery of some new testimony, nearly 
coeval with the author; and which, 
considering the literary pursuits of the 
above writers and others that might 
be named of equal credit, there could 
be little reason to suppose could yet 
renaain uninspected among the Har- 
leian MSS. 

I have to'acknowledge, a confidence 
in the extent of prior researches made 
me too hastily give place to the nam6 
of Webster, which bears little ap- 
pearance of one baptismaliy bestowed 
in ffae reign of Queen Elizabeth, and ' 
in the present instance maj be rejected 
as erroneous *. TheAuthor'sfull name 
appears, i^ the following title of a de- 
fence of his royal mistress upon the 
czecutiou of Mary Queen of Scots, 

** An apologie or trne defence of 
her Ma*«. hono^ and good renowne 
against all such as haue unduelie 
>ought or shall seek to blemish the 
tame with any injilstice, crueltie, or 
other unprincely behaviour in any 
parte of her Ma^^ proceedings against s 

■ ■ - ■ ■■ ■ ■ — '• r 

• We have it cited for a surname, 
as " Puttenhame or Webster's arte of 
^gbsh pi^aie." See Letter to J, /*, 
Ktmble, esq, involying' strictures on a 
recent edition, a^ J^hm ford's Bramat^ 
mrkt, 1811. 



the late Scotisch Queene. Be it for 
her first surprince, imprisonment, 
process, attainder, or death. 

" By very firme reasons, authorities 
and e]iamples proveing that her- 
MaK hath done nothinz in the laijl 
action against the rifles of bono* : or 
armes or orherwise, not warrantable 
by the law of God and of man. 

" Writen by George Puttenham 
to the service of her Ma^'e. and for 
lar<;e satisfaction of all such persofis 
both princely and private who by ig- 
norance of the case, or partialiitie of 
mind shall happen to be irresolute and 
not well satisfied in the said cause." 
Ifarl. MSS. Jos. Hi^sLi^woov- 

Mr. UiUAv, ^ Jan. 18. 

WHEN at LiiboB ia the month of 
October last, I made the uir- 
der^written extract and marginal note 
from an old book, intituled *' A Com- 
pleat History of Europe from the 
Treaty of Niiiieguen," in the pessea- 
sioo of a gentleman there. The note 
^nd signature are in the same band- 
writing. J. Foan, 

Lieut. 79th Reg. 

" 1G85. But Jefferies was not the 
only person that was the king's agent 
in thistOoo^ wovk ; for Kirk, one of his 
majesty's good officers, bad after the 
Duke's defeat caused £K) wounded men 
at Taunton to be hanged, not only with- 
out permitting their wives and childreu 
to speak to them, bht with pipes play- 
ing, drums bttatingy and trumpets sound- 
ing, and sboiled their quarters in pitch 
to set them up in several parts of the 
town : though Kirk was positive after* 
wards, when he was charged with beings 
concerned in such barbarity, that he 
bad instructions, both from the king anil 
his general, to do w^at he did." 

<^ / was with Sir^ during his whole 
stay\ at Taunton, where he executed but 
19 out of ^t which last number he had . 
orders to han^, signe4 by my Ijord f^ 
vershtm, Mar^n Kil&ig&ew." 

Mr, 



It 
f 



4 Interesting Original Lettetfrvm BisJuyp Attctbury. [Jan. 



Mr. Urban, , - Jnn. 1. 

THE following very interesting 
Original Letter from Bp. Alter- 
bury, with whose hand-writing you 
tire well acquainted, is dot in either 
of the Editions of his " Epistolary 
Correspondence.*' Itis indorsed** Late 
Pp. "of Rochester to Mr. Tiylor." 
Yours, &c. M. Green. 

Sir, PttriSy Dec, 14, 17S1. 
You will be surprized, and perhaps 
a little frightened^ to receive a let- 
ter from me, after almost nine years' 
interruption of our correspondence. 
But the occasion, on my side, is as 
extraordinary as the attempt, and will, 
I hope, excuse it. You cannot help 
being written 'to by me ; nor is there 
any crime in it, if you reveal to a mi- 
nister of state the first step of our in- 
tercourse, as I desire you wOqld, for 
my sake as well as your own, in order 
to your obtaining leave in form to 
iDRKe answer to what I now write, or 
shall hereafter write on the sauae sub- 
ject. It is of such consequence to me 
to have your advice apd assistance in 
an affair of law now depending, that 
I shall willingly be at the charge of a 
«ign manual towards orocuring it. 

Sir, my elder ana only brother, 
lately dead, has dealt more cruelly 
•with roe than the Act of Parliament 
did : for that left me the small tem- 
poral fortune I then had, or might 
afterwards justly expect, in order to 
keep me abroad from contempt and 
starving. But my brother, taking 
advantage from my circumstances, 
which he knew would render it diffi- 
cult for me to question whatever he 
should do, has* endeavoured t^ with- 
draw what the Act itself intended I 
' should ernoy, and to strip me, by an 
unjust will he has made, of the patri- 
mony which by law belongs to me. 

A small estate in land, wnich he pos- 
sessed, was, in default of issue male 
from him, c^utailed on me by 'my fa- 
ther. My brother has left no other 
issue but a dau^^hter of his daughter, 
"Who has a goqdportion assigned her, 
and inherits beside a good estate from 
tier mother; To all Uiis he has added 
by his will the bequest of that land 
Wnich my father, m such an event, 
gave to him only for life, and to me 
ttfter his death : and, to alleviate and 
cover this injustice, he has given roe 
an hundred pounds by a codicil lately 
^ded to his will { and has meotiooed 



me there with esteem and deamess^ 
after never having shewed any iu- 
stance of either smte I was abroad, 
or assisted me with one shitliog oat 
of his fortune at a tiftie wlten he did 
not know but I might have stood in 
the utmost need of if. 

I am under noobIigatioD,thereforey 
to suffer the unrighteous disposition 
he has made of an estate given me br 
my father to take place, if you shall 
find that my title to it is good, and 
will allow me your assistance in order 
to assert it. I am persuaded you will 
find no obstruction towards procuring 
leave for this purpose, it being matter 
of common humanity and Justice, and 
within the intention of the Act. 

A% soon as you have obtained sucl| 
leave, I will hope to hear from you s' 
and in the meati time have desired Mr, 
Morice to do what can be done at this 
distance towards laying the, proper 
evidences and instructions before vou. 
|ie may be of more use \\\ furnish id^ 
these upon his return than he can be 
now ; however, I am not willing ta 
lose any time, when I have so little of 
it left, and my tOt.h year is (as you 
know it is) near approaching. Haste, 
in this case,^ is requisite, if 1 hope to 
be the better for what my father de-- 
signed me, and thought he had, with^ 
out wronging any body, conveyed to 
me in due form of law. If he did so, 
and it really belongs to pe, there is 
no man of worth and honour who will 
think it unfit that I should be put, by 
your assistance, into a condition of 
obtaining it. 

Be pleased to make the steps that 
are proper in this case, and to add 
this obligation to the others you have 
formerly laid on, Sir, 

Your {post obedtent 
and ever faithful humble servant, 

Fi^A, ROFFSM. 

Mr. Urban, Jan^ 6. 

THE fpllowing inscription is on a 
handsome mural monument in 
the parochial chapel at Ravenfield, 
near Rotherham, in Yorkshire, ft 
is the only legible inscription now re- 
maining there to an antient and re- 
spectable family (the Westbys), that 
long (during, I believe, some centut 
rie«) resided' at Ravenfield, and in the 
adjoining hamlet of Firsby ; rebuilt 
(|)ut not to its present extent) the 
hall house, and owned the estate till 

the 



IjRia.] EpUaph an Mr. Westby. — Mr. Maty at Florence. 5 



the year 1T49 a. ^rhen Wardd George 
Westby, esq. fwiio ;narried an aant 
of the earl of Holdernew, but had no 
tarvtTing loale issue) disposed of it to 
Mrs. Elizabeth Parkip of Sheffield, 
€o» York, and of WooUey near Bath. 
Thu gentleman and his lady died in 
ItCMidon within a few years afterwards, 
his lady Seing the survivor. They lefl 
an only d^ighter, but of whom I ^now 
no particulars. 

If you would be so good as to give 
the inscription a place in ytiur pages, 
k will remain a memorial of the fa- 
nitly, i^hen the monument, very pos- 
sibly, may not be. B. 

M. S. 
Hie vel prop^ jacet quicquid mortale fuit 

Geor^Westbei, 
ver<^^ gtnerosi, ex antiqud Westi>eon]m 

familii orti, . 
in Academic Cantabrigiensi nutriii, et in 

Legibus 

Anglicauis educati, 

in Deum, amicos, inimicos^ cunctos,-- 

pii, benigni, 

benevoli, ppobi. 

Qui toto plilts anno patiens paFal3rticas 

hlnc denu5 

migravit tertio Calend. Feb. statis 

' . anno 53, 

Salutis verb 1685, 

unicum superstitem relinquens Pilium 

Thomara, 
et Sorores duas, scilicet Annam et Eli- 

zabetham. 

Hoc monumentum in testimonium amo- 

ris erga charissimum 

Maritum posuit ejus Uxor mcerens. 



Mr. Urban, 



Jarit 2. 



and placed in the hands of the Patra 
Scholarum Piarum. 

*' Tuscany ill cultivated ; the pro* 
duct of ten harvests is computed t6 
be spent in seven years. 

*• Forty-five Professors in the Aca 
demy of P isa, divided into th ree ranks : 
1. Theology ; 8. Medicine and Philo- 
sophy I 3. Canon Law and Civil. To 
the Professors, the first three years, 
^5/. afterwards 201, added. Teach 
Euclid, Newton, Locke, Smith, San- 
derson, Maclaurin, and Cotes. Greek 
much neglected. Their Acts and DisJ 
putatioos very trifling.*' 

Architectural Inhovatioit. 

N0.GLVIII. 

(Remarks, Sfc, continued ftom p, 518.) 

CHAPTER VI. Dr. Milner j^ro^ 
ceeds with the appearances mark- 
ing the progress ot the First Order 
(as he justly terms it) of the Pointed 
Style, and sajs: '* Durin;^ the latter 
part of the twelfth century a strange 
mixture of styles prevailed in the nu- 
merous ecclesiastical buildings which 
were then going forward, as might be 
expected when an old style began to 
be exploded, and anew one was in the 
act of formation. This would not 
have been the case had the latter been 
copied from established models in Sy- 
r^a, Arabia, Egypt, Spain, or else- 
where." He then enumerates the in- 
termixture of the old and new styles, 
from St. Cross, and St. Mary Magdalen 
00 the HHI, both noar Winchester, 
raised about the year 1174. <* It is 
matter of evidence that the Poiii^ 



IocitTr. • *!. 1. J ^ w c ^^^^ ^^ "**^ *" England a consider- 

SEND you, m the hand-i»^itmg of able time before any other member 
Dr. Lort, some memoranda, worth ^hi^h is now considered as belongmg 



preserving, which he has indorsed, 
**. Extracts from M^ty's Letter to the 
Vice-chancellor, from Florence, Feb. 
176S." Yours, &c. Eugenio. 

'' Great Duke of Florence attentive 
to the business of the State; also to 
Science, and, particularly Natural His- 
tory, of which he has collected a large 
Museum, under the care of Fontana. 
-^Provectura tatnen sunt quam quai 
Mpud expertes incUamentis videri 
MBlent. 

'< Mosaic Painting encouraged by 
-the Prince. 

**^P. 2. ^De cullu divino — I do not 
understand. 

" Jesuits here about 400, not re- 
markable for wealth ^r iearning. 
Jadacation of Yoot«}«k«^&9q» themi 



mgmg 
to the Pointed Style." The East 
end of Canterbury Ualhedral is then 
brought into notice: " rebuilt be- 
tween the years 1 175 and 1 180, under 
the direction of William of Sens, aud 
of another architect of the mime of v 
William." Then follows some curious 
information : " It is an incomparable 
advantage for forming a right idea of 
the rise of Pointed Architecture in 
this country, that we are possessed of 
an accurate comparison made by an 
intelligent eyC-witoess, Gervase, a 
monk of this cathedral, between the 
choir part of the church builf by Lan- 
franc, who was an architect a»well as 
a prelate, about the year 1085 (and 
which was burnt down in the year 
U74) and the said chc^ir part rebuilt 



€ 



Architectural Innovation, No. CLVIIL 



[Jan. 



pj tb9 two AboveroentiDD^d architects 
at the distance of about 00 years 
mfterwards. The molt remarkable 
things which he mentions are thtfsei 
that the pillari of the new choir were 
of the same form and thickness with 
thOjse of the old choir» but that they 
were 12 feet longer ; that the former 



in their muUidns and tracery ; anid the 
Wjestern jpui chei* • or iralike * $ ad- 
verts to niches aad tabernacles^ *' in 
which al much architectural sKiil'and 
industry was often bestowed as ia 
building the whole churcn." Ribs, in 
$^11. their vaEied traceries, and their 
instructive sculptured devices are 



capitals were plain, while the latter pointed out. Examples of works then 



were delicately carved i that there 
were no marble coJumns in Laufranc*s 
work, but an incredible number in that 
which succeeded its that the stones 
which formed the antient arches were 
cut with an axe; those of the new 
arches with a chissel : th&l the vault- 
ing of the side ailes of the choir was 
formerly pl&in, but now pointed with 
key-stones: that the old choir was 
covered w.ith a flat ceiling,sornament- 
ally painted, while the new one was 
elegantly arched, with hard stone for 
the ribs, and light toph stone for the 
interstices : finally, that there was only 
one irfforiym or gallery round the 
antient choir, while there were two 
round the modern one. The present 
•tate of the East end of Canterbury 
Cathedral still corresponds with the 
account of Gervase, written above 
600 years ago.** The Doctor then in 
an architectural mode describes the 
TiLrious features of the building, ex- 
emplified by an engraving borrowed 
(by permission) from J. Carter's work 
of Antient Architecture. 

** The stvie adopted in the first me* 
tropolitical church of this kingdom, 
was followed in the suflTragau cathe<> 
drals, as Lincoln, 1195; Winchester, 
1802 1 York, 1$27; Worcester and 
Salisbury were going on at Ibis time. 
Westntinster Abbey was beginning in 
I24i.*' In all of which the Doctor 
points out to notice the various deco- 
rations then bringing forward neces* 
sarv to form and complete the Perfect 
Order. 

Chi4>ter VII. «< During the reign 
€»f our first Edward, which c<immenced 
in 1272, the architecture of this coun- 
try, through the genius, industry, and 
piety, of its architects and artists, ac- 
quired a new character, or rather 



y Chapel, and WeM 
eld Cathedral added : 



are euumerate4 s Eleanor crossea, 
12^90 ; Monument of Edmund Crouehb 
back, 1296. *' But the most perfect 
specimen of the whol^ detail of these 
improvements is to be met with m 
York Minster I the nave built I^etweea 
the years 1290 and ISSO, and the choir 
some SO years afterwards!'* " Similar 
erections on a smaller scale : St. Ste- 
phen's Chapel, Westminster, 1S48. 
Other cathedr Is rebuilt, or repaired 
in the new improved manner. Be- 
fore 1321, Lady 
front of Lichfiel 
same tiiue part of the nave of 
Westminster Abbey Church was 
builditig. Between the years 1327 
and 1370, Exeter Cathedral waa ia 
part changed ikto the new work. 
1381, nave of Canterbury Cathedral 
rebuilt. About the same period, Wil- 
liam de Wykehara was employed in 
performing the same work in Win- 
chester Cathedral. Gloucester, St. 
Alban's, and Rumsey, great churches, 
were also worked upon in like man- 
ner. The taste for miprovement de* 
scended to the parish churches, in 
which, though means should have been 
wanting for making other alterations, 
yet the windows, at least of almost all 
of them, were changed b} some bene- < 
factor or other into those of the 
Pomted Style. Hence it is not un- 
common to see figures of knights or 
ladies presenting windows<if this form 
in the painted glass of such churches.'' 

(Concluding Chapters VIII. and IX. 

0f ih&R En M.RKS,, are deferred.) 

• 

* A most curious piece of information 
is here given with regard to the use ot 
the Galilee or Western porch, raised di* 
rectly under the West window of a ea- 



thedral or other grt* at church, (^cmales 

tnmsformcd itseitTnto a wwoiicr of "^^^ there allowed to see the monks who 
the Pointed Style.** The Doctor then ^^re relatives. This is gathered from a 



proceeds to particularize and illustrate 
the features of the Second Order ; de- 
monstrates the true proportion dfthe 
pointed arch, naming the several or- 
naments; directs atteation to pinna- 
cles I advances the system of wiodows 



passage in Gervase. A \%pman applying 
for leave to see a monk her relation, was 
answered in the words of Scripture : " He 
goeth l>efore you into Galilee, there you 
shall see him." The term Galilee is 
still retained for the Western porches at 
Durham aad Ely Cathmlrab^ 

Win-. 



1812.] ARCHITEcfuRAL INKOVATION, N©. CLVIIL 7 

WxycHEiTER Cathbdrai., and other particular parts, by tbe 

yiiited 19\0. rage ofbarbarous and misguided zeal. 

^ ' ,, naye been restored, but m such a slo- 

" ThougbCanterbijfy be tbe higher tftall, y^^iy djggraceful manner that perhapa 

Winchester is th^ better manger. ^y^^ ^^^^ ^f^ ^^^ undertaking had bet- 

The neaning of this nM saw being ter not baye been attended to. The 
so obviousy little need be said in ex- shields and other embellisbmentsmor<» 
planation, otbei^wlse tl^an to express directly on Wykeh^m^s, tomb, also re- 
fome surprize thiat fb.is thurch of Win- stored, bipt in a modern fancy way, by 
Chester is so indifferently attended to paintings instead of sculptured work, 
la regard to common necessary re- according* to the original design, 
pairs. TheWesfc front remains in the The>se incongruitiet nay probably 
same neglected condition as it ap- escape a casual observer ; but to the 
|»eared in 1789. The North transept, patient and exploring ^e of an artist 
one of the grandest emifBples of Saxon they appear most glaring and unseem- 
architeclere, has indeed been cleared ly. HoW far the engraving of the 
•ince the foregoing datd from the rub- head of Wavnefleet in a recent publi- 
bish that usually fiHed up its atles; yet cation of his Life can be yalued, be- 
still continues to be shut out from the comes a question, when more atten- 
restof tbeik|>ridk, astbougbitwerea tion was paid by the engraver to a 
part possessing neither use or beauty, plaster cast of the bead (including its 
I found a few repairs going on in the modern deformities) than to a draw- ^ 
choir; but, on enquiry, was given to ing made for tbe occasion, with na* 
understand ^le progress was so slow, tural restorations of the parts before 
that many visitors had^uspected the dilapidated. H^nce the want of the 
requisite funds for executing the same delineator's name to the engraving is 
yrere either deficient or circiiniscribed, accounted for. 
so that a lively and yigorous prose- Though the prince of poets (Shak- 
cution of the undertakings was alto- speare) and the prince of painters (the 
sether an impossible thing. I recol- late Sir Joshua Reynolds) in their la- 
lect no other trace of ecclesiastical t)ours have each endeayoured to ren- 
care. The yearly visitation paid to der the memory 6f« Beaufort odious, 
Waynefleet's monumental chapel is his statue in this church is uninjured, 
duly performed, but with such a duty perfect in all its lines, and to certain 
tbe Church has no concern ; Magda- passers-by (unbiassed in their minds 
len College look's to this. ' Beaufort's when reflecting on the real character 
monumenlal cha^pei, its companion in of the Cajrdinai) a memento of '* ter- 
^Iendourandnobledesign,(ares rather rific awe and yeneration." 
ill in this respect: no reverential sons There is in this church a kind of 
pay obligatory attention to the sub- griping avaricious propensity with 
lime sepulchral memorial ; it is left to the officers deputed to shew the same 
take its chance, as it is called, either to strangers. Artists and other inge- 
from the damage sustained in being nious men are most unfeelingly pr^sxifif , 
exposed to theout-of-repair vaultings in this sort}, which, with the extreme 
oyer it, or from the depredations of difficulty they stand under in obtain- 
mischievous people, encouraged by iug leave from the higher powers to 
those who resort to the spot for no study after the antiquities, render the 
other purpose but to Censure and dt^ following public questions necessary, 
ride the pious remains of antient art. Are the revenues of the ecclesias- 
WilUaoi de Wykeham*s monumental tical establishment unequal to remu- 
cbapel, like that of Waynefleet's, and nerate its menial attendants, that they. 
from the like motives, also meets with must seek their wages from the acci- 
protection. dental payments of certain trayellers? 
Notwithstanding the seeming fair and is example found in some corner 
condition of the two more fortunate of tbe foundation thus to warrant the 
chapels, there are a few objections to thriving away literary men or artists, . 
be made to what tbe hands of igno* the handers-doWn to posterity of p<|ss- ' 
rant repairers and beautifiers have ing events and existing antiquariao 
done to ,them» The mutilations objects, through tbe means of hard 
wrought on the statues of W*ykeham peennisrj requisitions } 
and Waynefieeti in Uie. noses, ^loaths, Tottrs^&c. AffAacHiTscT* ' 

A MB- 



» - , 



[ 8 J 



1* ' 



4 

^ A METEOROLOGICAL JOURKAL, ktpt at Culftov, in Hackney* 





Thennoraeter. 


Barometer. 


Evap^. 


Rain. 


V 


Day of 

MoDtb. 










lOOOis 
of inch. 


lOOtlu. 
of inch. 


WincU 

• 


Max. 


Min. 


Max. 


Mio. 


Dec. 19 


52 


46 


29-75 


29-70 . 


_^ 


^^ 


W. 


20 


53 


46 


29-65 


1 


-15 


-60 


s. w. 


21 


43 


27 


29-65 


' 


— 


_- 


w. 


22 


44 


31 


30-20 




— . 


— 


N. E. 


23 


44 




30-10 




^. 


— . 


W. N. W- 


24 










— 


— 




25 




24 




. 


— . 


_ 


N. 


26 




22 


29-60 . 


29-40 


-» 


—*. 


N. • 


27 


31 


24 


29-40 


29-98 


..^ 


~. 


S. W.— N. 


28 


35 


26 


29-05 


. 


. -... 


~~ 




29 


34 


22 


29-80 




.-« 


._. 


. N. 


30 


30 


24 


30.05 


29-94 


..^ 


—m 


K 


31 


36 


34 


29 90 




— 


—. 


N. 


Jan, I 


41 


36 


29-85 


29-75 


— 


-~ 


S. W. 


2 


45 


■ 33' 


29-95 


29-61 


— . 


>— - 


s. w. 


3 


40 


30 






~- . 


_ 


s. 


4 


35 




29-46 




— 




S. W.^E, 


5 


34 


30* 




• 


«— 


~i 


N. 


6 


36 


. 30 


29-75 


29-68 


: 


t ____ 


N.W. 


7 


38 


31 


29-89 


29-61 


— 


— . 


N. W. 


^ 8 


36 


57 


30-18 


30-10 


•25 


— r 


Jt^. 


9 


37 




. 


~. 


~. 


N.W. 


10 


35 


33 


30-25 30-18 


~. 


1 


N.W. 


11 


37 


. 32 


30-16 




.— . 


— 


N. W. 


12 


37 


32 


29-90 


29-89 


. — 


1 . 


N. N. W. 


13 


39 


37 


29-82 


59*76 


—^ ' 


.. 


N.W. 


34 


41 


■35 


30-12 


30-05 


■~* 


_— 


N. W. 


15 


44 


2? 


30-18 


3014 


_ 


f 


W. 


16 


41 


34 


30-21 ' 


30-20 


__ 


... 


s. w. 


17 


40 


33 


30-26 


50-25 


.^_ 


^M^ 


N.W. 


18 


44 


40 


30'26 




__^ 


_« 


w. 


19 


42 


I 


30-18 




._ 


«.. . 


w. 


20 


40 1 


29 


I 


—" 


- 


N. 




- 




Obseri 


NATIONS. 


- 


S 





Dec. 19. Cirri and haze, cloudy day. 20. §mall rain, wind by night. 21. Cloudyi 
windy, hazy, some rain followed. 22. Fair day and various clouds : at night a 
Corona Lunark coloured. 23, Various clouds j the atmosphere finely colourfrd at 
sunset 24. Cloudy and hazy. 25. Clear, and a few light Cirri. 26. White 
frost and cloudy sky : some Cirri afterwards. 27. Cloudy and frosty; then snow 
and rain. 28. Some snow fell toward evening. 29. Cloudy. 30. Clear A. M. 
cloudy P. M. 51. CoW, frosty, and cloud jr morning, then warmer. 

1812, Jan, 1. Complete thaw. 2. Lofry Cirrit then showers. 3. Clear arid 

showers: windy night. 4. Foggy and raw. ^. Shower)'. x6. Cirrus and 

GrrocumuluSf cloudy P. M. 7. Snow before night ; windy. 8. Showers of 

Snow. 9. Cirrus and Cirrocumvltis^ dark snowy night. 1 0. Cloudy and foggy, 
thaw, 11. Cfoudy. 12. Fair, with various clouds. 13» Long and gentle 

showers. 14. Clouds and haze. 15. Fair gilded linear Cirri at sunset. ' 16^ 
Hazy. 17. Hazy and calm. 18. Much cloud: some starsjvisible by night. 
20. Fair Cirrif Cirrocumuli, and Cumuli, followed by Cumulostiatus, 



The Hygrometer has been accidentally damaged, so I cannot give a report thir 
month. I believe I forgot to mention that the figures in the columns entituied Uain 
and Evaporation signify the lOOths. of an inch of rain and vapour fallen or flown off 
since the date of the last observation. 



Fi^ Houses, Qlaptm, Jant^«ry 22/1812. 



THOMAS FORSTER. 

Mr. 



t • 



1812.] Alherbury Church — On Acoustics'^ Letter L * 

Mr, Ue^an, Salopf July 20. the first rank at Rome. Plutarch 

AS you sometimes illustrate your places musick,Tiz.8ingiugaod playing 
far*famed Museum with views on the. lyre, amons the qualifications 
of Churches, I am induced to ^end of Metella, the daughter of Scipia 
you a view of the cui:ious old Church Metelkis* . ^ 

of Alsbrbcjrt, in Shropshire. Pro- The ftrsj wjiter upon Musickwas 
bably some of your antiqu|iriaa Lasus fiermioo^nsis ; but his work if 
friendswill favour the publick with a lost, m are all the works of very 
descriptive account of it. TnokAs many more bpth Greek and. Latin 
Parr,, who lived to the great age of authors.^ 

152 years, 9 months^ and some days, Aristozenus, the disciple of Aristo« 

was born at Wrnnington in this parish t tie, is the first writer extant on Har* 

and at the age of lOi^ years did monies. Buclid, the author of th^ 

penance in the Church of Alberhnry, Elements of Geometry, i« next to 

for an anjour with Catharine Milton. Aristoxenus, having written an ** In*. 

The cottage in which he resided still trodtiction to Harmonics.^' I shall 

remains, and retains the name of merely give you the names of subse« 

Parr's Cottage, J. P. quent writers ; Aristides, Quintilianus, 

— ' . ^ . Alypius Gaudentius, Nichmnachus, 

A Series of Letters on Acoustics, Bacchius, Glaudius-PtoiomseVis the 

addressed to Mr, Isaac Alex an- famous mathematician, Boethiqs^ 

oiLK, Teacher of the PianO'I*orte, Martiai^us Capella, St, Angus tine» 

Sir, Ljetter i. Aureiius^Cassiodorus. • 

IN conversing with professors of By Harm^tnUfSj they understood, 
great, eraineilce both as. practical " a power or faculty peteeptive of 
musicians and composers, I have moMt the differences of sounds with respect 
frequently fqund them .t<)tally miin- to acuteness and gravity, 
fprmed in the science of Acoustics i. / I will not Waste your time, so much 
a science which instructs us in tfte more profitably employed, with uny 
nature and properties of sound. It is account of their Systems, Genera^ 
for their beoelit, therefore, I* have Modes, Mutations, Melopceia. For 
cpmpiled the following work. information on these subjects, I refer 

lam well award that a knowledge you to Dr. Burney*s and Sir John 
of ratios and vibrations' would not Hawkins's History of Musick. 
have made them better performers, or One circumstance will surprise a 
better composers; but there is no modern musician; the antients did 
reason to imagine that it would have not allow the tnajor-third to be a ~ 
cramped their genius, or restrained consonance. The fact is, in conse* 
their fancy. No one acquainted with qucnce pf their tuning by perfect 4th9 
the elegant as well as scientific com* and 5ths, the major-thirds were a 
positions of the late Dr. Boyce, re- comma too sharp ; and. consequently 
^rets that he was profoundly versed very offensive. And this I conceive 
iq the science of BQUsical caiculatioh. * to nave been the reason why they 

The epistolary style is best adapted bad not musick in parts, that is, they 
for a work intended to convey much sung and played only in the unison 
misceilaneoi:^ information, to those and octave; which is positively .as* 
Who have neither leisure nor oppor- serted by Aristotle in his Problems 
tunity for studying Acoustics, or col- (very many ofwhich relate to musick). 
lecting and comparing a number of Because, had they tuned theic lyres as 
valuable experiments ; and to whom our harps^ organs, and piano^fortes ^ 
it is an object to see the result of aby are tun^^ it is irmpossible but in pre* 
particular mode of temperament, Juding they mu^t have discovered the ' 
without bestowing at least tour hours beautiful effect of major and minor* 
in calculating the Beato^ which con- thirds, and major and minor-sixths, 
stitute the merits or demerits of the which would necessarily have led to\t* 
system. mullaneous harmony. Of the comma 

I shall dedicate the remainder of I shall say more in its proper place | 
this letter to a little historical inform- but at present shall only observe that, 
atiooi and begin by saying some- when yon have tuned yoi^r violin 9r 
what about the musical writers and violoncello by four perfect fifths, the 
musical instruments of the Antients. first and the last string, as an octave 

Musick was practised by men of «ixtb> will be a comma too sharp ; dnd 
Gent. Mag. January^ 1812, if 

2 



4 Interesting Original Lettetfrom Bishop Attctbury. [Jan. 

Mr. Urban, , . * Jnn, 1. 

THE following very interestiog 
Original Letter from Bp. Atter- 
])uryy with whose haHd-writing you 
&re well acquainted, is bot in either 
of the Editions of his ** Epistolary 
Correspondence.** His indorsed '< Late 
Pp.bf Rochester to Mr. Tiylor.**^ 
Yours, &c. M. Green. 



Sir, PariSf Dec, 14, 17S1. 
You will be surprized, and perhaps 
a little frightened^ to receive a let- 
ter from me, after almost nine years* 
interruption of our corresjjondeilce. 
But the occasion, on my side, is as 
extraordinary as the attempt, and will, 
I hope, excuse it. You cannot help 
being written to by me ; nor is there 
any crime in it, if yon reveal to a mi- 
nister of state the first step of our in- 
tercourse, as I desire you w<3uld, for 
ray sake as well aj your own, in order 
to your obtaining leave in form to 
inmke answer to what I uow write, or 
shall hereafter write on the same sub- 
ject. It is of such consequence to me 
to have your advice apd assistance in 
an aflfair of law now depending, that 
I shall willingly be at the charge of a 
^ign manual towards procuring it. 

Sir, my elder ana only {irother, 
lately dead, has dealt more cruelly 
•with roe than the Act of Parliament 
did : for that left me the small tem- 
poral fortune I then had, or might 
afterwards justly expect, in order to 
keep me abroad from contempt and 
starving* But my brother, taking 
advantage from my circumstances, 
which he knew would render it diffi- 
cult for me to question whatever he 
should do, has* endeavoured t^ with- 
draw what the Act itself intended I 
' should emoy, and to strip me, by an 
unjust will he has made, of the patri- 
mony which by law belongs to me. 

A small estate In land, wbich he pos- 
sessed, was, in default of issue male 
from him, ^ntailed on me by 'my far 
tber. My brother has left no other 
issue but a daughter of his daughter, 
"Who has a good portion assigned her, 
and inherits beside a good estate from 
tier mother. To all this he has added 
by his will the bequest of that land 
wnich my father, m such an event, 
gave to him only for life, and to me 
after his death : and, to alleviate and 
cover this injustice, he has given me 
an hundred pounds by a codicil lately 
fdded to his will i and has m^ntipn^ 



me there with esteem %nd deamess* 
after never having shewed any iu- 
stance of either smte I was abroad, 
or assisted me with one shiRiog oat 
of his fortune at a iitne wben be did 
not know but I might have stood in 
th6 utmost need of it. 

I am under noob1igation,thereforey 
to suffer the unrighteous disposition 
he has made of an estate given me bT 
my father to take place, if you shall 
find that my title to it is good, and 
will allow me your assistance in order 
to assert it. I am persuaded you will 
find no obstruction towards procuring 
leave for this purpose, it being matter 
of common humanity and justice, and 
within the intention of the Act. 

As soon as you have obtained sucl| 
leave, I will hope to hear from you ;' 
and in the mea\i time have desired Mr, 
Morice to do what can be done at this 
distance towards laying the, proper 
evidences and instructions before you. 
|le may be of more use in furnisbid^ 
these upon his return than he can be 
now ; however, I am not willing to 
lose any time, when 1 have so little of 
it left, and my 10th year is (as you 
know it is) near approaching. Haste* 
in this case,^ is requisite, if 1 hope to 
be the better for what my father de-* 
signed me, and thought he had, with-' 
out wronging any body, conveyed to 
me in due form of law. If he did so, 
and it really belongs to pie, there is 
no man of worth and honour who will 
think it unfit that 1 should be put, by 
your assistance, into a condition of 
obtaining it. 

Be pleased to make the steps that 
are proper in this case, and to add 
this obligation to the others you have 
formerly laid on. Sir, 

Your (post obedrent 
and ever faithful humble servant, 

F^A, ROFFEM. 

Mr. Urban, Jatin 6. 

TH£ following inscription is on a 
handsome mural monument in 
the parochial chapel at Havenfield, 
near Rotherham, in Yorkshire, ft 
is the only legible inscription now re- 
maining there to an antient and re- 
spectable family (the Westbys), that 
long (during, I. believe, some centu^f 
m*) resided at Raven field, and in the 
adjoining hamlet of Firsby ; rebuilt 
(hut not to its present extent) the 
hall house, and owned the estate till ' 

the 



1JH5.] Epitaph on Mr. Westby. — Mr. Maty at Florence. 5 



the year 1T49^ -when Wardd Greorge 
Westby, esq. fwlro ;narried ao aoot 
of the earl of Holderncss, but had no 
varviring male itsae) disposed of it to 
Mrs. Elizabeth Parkqi of Sheffield, 
CO. York, and of Woolley near Bath. 
This gentleman and his lady died in 
London within a few years afterwards, 
his lady Seiog the snrriTor. They left 
an only daughter, bnt of whom I know 
no particulars. 

If you would be so good as to giye 
the inscription a place in ytiur pages, 
it will remain a memorial of the fa- 
intly, Jihea the monument, Tery pos- 
sibly, may not be. B. 

M. S. 
Hie vsl propd Jacet quicquid mortale fuit 

Geoi^Westbei, 
Te^^ gcnerosi, ex andqul Westbeorum 

familli orti, . 
in AcademiA Cantabri^enai nutriii, et in 

Liegibus 

Anglicauis educati, 

in Deum, amicos, inimicos, cunctos,— 

piiy benigni, 

benevoli, probi. 

Qui toto pl(!is anno patiens paralyticus 

Mnc denu5 

migravit terdo Calsnd. Feb. astatis 

' anno 53, 

Saltitis verb 1685, 

unicum superstitem relinquens Pilium 

Thomam, 
et Sorores duas, scilicet Annam et Eli- 

zabetham. 

Hoc monumentum in testimonium amo- 

ris erga charissimum 

Maritum posuit ejus Uxor moerens. 



Mr. Urban, Jan»2. 

1SEND you, in the hand-Wi^iting of 
Dr. Lort, some memoranda, worth 
preser?ing, which he has indorsed, 
*\ Extracts from M^ty's Letter to the 
Vice-chancellor, from Florence, Feb. 
176S.'' Yoars, &c. Eugcnio. 

" Great Duke of Florence attentive 
to the business of the State ; also to 
Science, and, particularly Natural His- 
tory, of which he has collected a large 
Museum, under the care of Fontana. 
-^Provectura tamen sunt quam quai 
mpud espertes incUamentis videri 
»»ient. 

^* Mosaic Painting encouraged by 
-the Prince. 

•*. P. 2. , De cultu divino — I do not 
understand. 

'* Jesuits here about 400, not re- 
markable for wealth or learning, 
tidacation of Youth taken from them. 



and placed in the hands of the Patrei 
Scholarum Piarum. 

*' Tuscany ill cultivated ; the pro-^ 
duct of ten harvests is computed to 
be spent in seven years. 

" Forty-five Professors in the Aca 
demy of Pisa, divided into three ranks: 
1. Theology ; 2. Medicine and Philo- 
sopliy I 3. Canon Law and Civil. To 
the Professors, the first three years, 
S5L afterwards 26/. added. Teach 
Euclid, Newton, Locke, Smith, San- 
derson, Maclaurin, and Cotes. Greek 
much neglected. Their Acts and DisJ 
putations very trifling." 

Architectural iNiiovATioir. 

No. CLVIII. 

(Remarks, ^c. continued ftom p, 518.) 

CHAPTER VI. Dr. Milner pro^ 
ceeds with the appearances mark- 
ing the progress or the First Order 
(as he justly terms it) of the Pointed 
Style, and says : *' During the latter 
part of the twelfth centurv a strange 
mixture of styles prevailed in the nu* 
merous ecclesiasticaf buildings which 
were then going forwak-d, as might be 
expected when an old style began to 
be exploded, and anew one was in the 
act of formation. This would not 
have been the case had the latter been 
copied from establisihed models in Sy- 
ija, Arabia, Egypt, Spain, or else- 
where." He then enumerates the in« 
termixture of the old and new styles, 
from St. Cross, and St. Mary Magdalen 
on the Hill, both nc;ar Winch^^er, 
raised about the year I1T4. <*^Iti8 
matter of evidence that the Poin%^ 
arch was used m England a consider- 
able time before any other member 
which is now considered as belongmg 
to the Pointed Style." The East 
end of Canterbur)r t)athedral is then 
brought into notice: '* rebuilt be- 
tween the years 1 175 and 1 180, under 
the direction of William of Sens, and 
of another architect of the name of 
William." Then follows some curious 
information : " It is an incomparable 
advantage for forming a ri^ht idea of 
the rise of Pointed Architecture in 
this country, that we are possessed of 
an accurate comparison made by an 
intelligent eye-witness, Gervase, a 
monk of this cathedral, between the 
choir part of the church built'by Lan- 
franc, who was an architect a^vrell as 
a prelate, about the year 1085 (and 
which was burnt down in the year 
UT4) and the said cfapir part rebuilt 

by 



€ Architectural Innovation, No. CLVIIL [Jan. 

in their muUioQs and trocenr ; and the 
W.«itern jpuiches, • or Galike * ; ad* 



pj tb9 two aboYeroentiDD^d architects 
at the distance of about OQ years 
afterwards. The most remarkable 
things which he mentions are th^se i 
that the pillars of the new choir were 
of the same form and tbickuess with 
thO^e of the old choir, but that they 
were 12 feet longer ; that the former 
capitals were plain, while the latter 
were delicately canredi that there 
were no marble coJumns in Lanfranc's 
work, but an incredible number in that 
which succeeded it; that the stones 
which formed the antient arches were 
cut with an axe; those of the new 
arches with a x^hissel: th&l the vault- 



verts to niches and tabernacles^ ^ m 
which al much architectural skil^'anfl 
industry was often bestowed as ia 
building the whole church." Ribs, in 
all. their vacied traceries, and their 
instructive sculptured devices are 
pointed out. Examples of works then 
are euumerate4 1 JBleanor crosses^ 
12^90 ; Monument of Edmund Crouch^ 
back, 1296. *' But the most perfect 
specimen of tLe whol^ detail ot tbeae 
improvements is to be met with In 
York Minster I the nave built bietweea 
the years 1290 and ISSO, and the choir 



ing of the side ailes of the choir' was some SO years afierwnrdsl*' '* Similar 

formerly plain, but now pointed with erections on a smaller scale : St. Ste- 

kej-stoues: that the old choir was phen*s Chapel, Westminster, 1S48. 

covered wjth a flat ceiling,sornaroent- Other cathedr Is rebuilt, or repaired 

ally painted, while the new one was in the oew improved manner. Be- 

clegantly arched, with hard stone for fore 1321, Lady Chapel, and Wetot 

the ribs, and lisrht toph stone for the front of Lichfield Cathedral added : 



interstices: finally, that there was only 
one triforium or gallery round the 
antient choir, while there were two 
round the modern one. The present 
•tale of the East end of Canterbury 
Cathedrd still corresponds with the 
account of Gervase, written above 
600 years ago.*' The Doctor then in 
an architectural mode describes the 
Titrions features of the building, ex- 
emplified by an engraving borrowed 
(by permission) from J. Carter's work 
of Antient Architecture. 

** The stvie adopted i^ the first me* 
tropolitical church of this kingdom, 
was followed in the suflTragau cathe* 
drals, as Lincoln, 1195; Winchester, 
12021 York, 1227; Worcester and 
Salisbury were going on at this time. 
Westminster Abbev was beginning in 
l24i." In all of which the Doctor 
points out to notice the various deco- 
rations then bringing forward neces* 
sarv to form and complete the Perfect 
Order. 

Chapter VII, ** During the reign 
€»f our first Edward, which commenced 
in 1272, the architecture of thiscoun* 
try, through tlie genius, industry, and 
piety, of its architects and artists, ac* 



same tiiue part of the nave of 
Westminster Abbey Church was 
building. Between the years 1327 
and 1370, Exeter Cathedral waa in 
part changed idto the new work; 
1381, nave of Canterbury Cathedral 
rebuilt. About the same period, Wil- 
liam de Wykebara was employed in 
performing the same work in Win- 
chester Cathedral. Gloucester, St. 
Alban's, and Runnsey, great cfanrcbes, 
were also worked upon in like man- 
ner. The taste for improvement de- 
scended to the parish churches, iu 
which, though means should have been 
wanting for making other alterations, 
yet the windows, at least of almost all 
of them, were changed b} some bene- 
factor or other into those of the 
Pomled Style. Hence it is not un- 
common to see figures of knights or 
ladies presenting windows-of this form 
in the painted glass of such churches." 

(Concluding Chapters VIII. ani IX. 
<^^lr^ Rem ARKS, are deferred.) 

* A most curious piece of infonnation 

is here given with regard to the use of 

the Galilee or Western porch, raised di* 

w»j, w. .»<, ..<t.a..%v.^i,«, »MM a.i.191,9, *v- r^ctly under the West window of a ca- 

quired a new character, or ra'lher thedral or other great church. Females 

■ • •' • were there allowed to see the monks who 

were relatives. TJjis is gathered from a 



transformed itself into a new order of 
the Pointed Style." The Doctor then 
proceeds to particularize and illustrate 
the features of the Second Order ; de- 
monstrates the true proportion of the 
pointed arch, oaming the several or- 
Baments; directs attention to pinua- 
dfis I advaiices the system of windows 



passage in Gervase. A woman applying 
for leave to see a monk her relation, was 
answered in the words bf Scripture : ** He 
goeth before you into Galilee, there you 
shall see him." The term Galilee is 
strll retained for the Western porches at 
Durham asd Ely Cathcdrabs 

WlHn 



1812.] ARCHITEcfuRAL INNOVATION, N©. CLVIIL 7 

WxycHEiTER Cathbdrax., and other particular parts, by the 
Yiflited 1810. rage of barbarous and misguided zeal, 
^ ,, , ' have been restored, but io such a slo- 
« ThouffbCanterbijry be the higher staU, ^^^y disgraceful manner that perhapa 
Wincherter is thf better manger. ^^-^ part bf the undertaking had beC 
The neaning of this old saw being ter not have been attended to. The 
so obviousy little need be said in ex- shields and other embeirishmentsnioi;* 
planation, otherwise tl^an to express directly on Wykeh^m^s, tomb, also re- 
9onie larprize th^t this church of Win- stored, bipt in a modern fancy way, by 
cheater is so indifferently attended to paintings instead of sculptured work, 
la regard to common necessary re- according* to the oi|iginal design. 
pairs. TheWesi front remains in the The>se incongmitiet nay probably 
same neglected condition as it ap- Escape a casual observer ; but to the 
peared in 1789. The North transept, patient aqd exploring qye of an artist 
one of the grandest emifBples of Saxon they appear most glaring and unseem- 
architectere, has indeed been cleared |y. HoW far the engraving of the 
since the foregoing dat(^ from the rub- head of Wavnefleet in a recent publi- 
bish that usually fiHed up its ailes ; yet cation of his Life can be valued, be- 
still continues to be shut out from the comes a question, when mpre atten- 
restof thefo|>riek, astboughitwerea tion was paid by the engraver to a 
part possessing neither use or beauty, plaster cast of the head (including its 

f I found a few repairs going on in the modern deformities) than to a draw- ^ 

choir I but, on enquiry, was given to ing made for the occasion, with na* 

understand 0ie progress was so slow, tural restorations of the parts before 

that many visitors had^uspected the dilapidated. Hence the want of the 

requisite funds for executing the same delineator*s name to the engraving is 

were either deficient or circuniscnbed, acMunted fo r. 
so that a lively and vigorous prose- Though the prince of poets (Shako 

cution ef the undertaking was alto- speare) and the prince of painters (the 

sether an impossible thing. I recol- late Sir Joshua Reynolds) in their la- 

I led no other trace of ecclesiastics^! hours have each endeavoured to ren- 

^ care. The yearly visi^tion paid to der the memory 6f> Beaufort odious, 

Waynefleet's monumental chapel is his statue in this church is uninjured, 

duly performed, but with such a duty perfect in all its lines, and to certain 

the Church has no concern ; Magda- passers-by (unbiassed in their minds 

len College looks to this. Beaufort's when reflecting on the real character 

monumenlal chsipei, its companion in of the Cajrdiaai) a memento of '* ter* 

^lendour and nobledesign,fares rather rific awe and veneration." 
ill in this respect : no reverential sons There is in this church a kind of 

pay obligatory attention to the sub- griping avaricious propensity with 

lime sepulchral memorial ; it is left to the officers deputed to shew the same 

i take its chance, as it is called, either to strangers. Artists and other inge- 

from the damage sustained in being nious men are most unfeelingly pr^xifif , 

exposed to theont-of-repair vaultings in this sort}, which, with the extreme 

over it, or from the depredations of difficulty they stand under in obtain- 

mischievous people, encouraged by ing leave from the higher powers to 

those who resort to the spot for no study after the an<tiquities, render the 

other purpose but to censure and dt^ following public questions necessary, 
ride the pious remains of antient art. Are the revenues of the ecclcsias- 

Wiltiaai de Wykeham*s monumental tical establishment unequal to remu- 

chapel, like that of Waynefleet*s, and nerate its menial attendants, that they- 

from the like motives, also meets with must seek their wages from the acci- 

protection. dental payments of certain travellers? 

Notwithstanding the seeming fair and is example found in some corner 

condition of the two more fortunate of the foundation thus to warrant the 

chapels, there are a few objections to driving away literary men or artists, ^ 

be made to what the hands of igno* the handers-doWn to posterity of p«ss- ' 

rant repairers and beautifiers have ing events and existing antiquarian 

done to ,them» The mutilations objects, through the means of hard 

wrought on the statues of W*ykeham peconisry reqnisitions } 
and Wayntfleeti in Uie, noses, ^loaths, ToitrSy&c. AffAacHiTscT. ' 

A MB- 



14 Eltham Palace.- — Sir C.Wren. — Parlkmentartf Surveys. [3%n, 

waf hardly sufiieient to admit of a 
|tter and window as wide as one of 
fhcvse in the frout : to ease this, the 
Eternal liuesi of the wiudow came 
Kush with the waff of the HalJ, and 
tke sweeping cornice over the arch of 
It dies into the wall. At a distance it 
ftas the appearance of little more than 
i^alf a Window. Over the pointi^ of 
fhe windows is ^ cornice » at the 
ftigles are two grotesque heads, and 
fine in the middle. The same cornice 
Continues the whole of the South side, 
liut has DO heads. Over this, about 
er^hteen years suice, was a baftie- 
^eot (the finish of (he wall); but 
probably it was destroyed when the 
#ouf w^ repaired. C» B. 

Mr* Urban, Portman-sq. Jan. 4. 

IN your nuvnber for December, page 
503, M. Y. wishes to be informed 
of such of our anticnt Cathedral 
Structures as have the lanterns of 
their Towers open to the body of the 
Church. In addition to Tork, there 
is Beverley Minster, in the same 
bounty, Ely, Peterborough, Westmin- 
ster Abbey, and, if I roisitake not» 
Carlisle, Cathedra?. 

I im sorry to hear that the op- 
|irobrious term " Gothic," first pro- 
mulgated by Si*" Christopher Wren, is 
iiul tnlireU eradicated (applied to the 
antient fui>ruT]e Pointed architecture 
i>i' this kingdom) by those who are 
and must be seusible to its fasciuating 
lieauty. 

That A rchitect chose to call all our 
Cathedrals '' mountains of stone :" 
Salisbury certainly must be included 
in the number, which for lightuess 
ind elegance is not surpassed by any 
Charcb in the known world. The 
epithet would have been better ap^ 
plied to his own works. Again, he 
•ays, *' they spared neither trouble 
bor expence in oniaraenting their f;^- 
bricks:" this, in fact, is truth; but 
they were not " crammed in every 
comer." If their buildings were richly 
ornaroehted^ a!s they oUen are, they 
were properly and justly displayedj 
and always produced that sublime 
eiiect for which this style is 96 much 
lidmircd. Scarcely a wall of Sir 
ChristoiVher Wren's work escaped 
without being ^* scored like loins of 
pork," and festooned like a playhouse, 

Mos> of our Cathedrals, asd many 
l^arish Churches in thekingdom,were 
priginally intended fo be open to the 
roof, but stopped up for the coave« 



nience of a Belfry. Cricklade Church, 
in Wiltshire, is suffered to remaio 
open, and is remarkably epricfied. St. 
Mary O very 's Church, in Southwark^ 
a Cathedral in miniature, was open 
(the lower story of the tower)^ 
elegant arches occupying the four 
sides, supported by slender insulated 
columns, whereas the upper story (or 
room) is entirely plain ; but this waji * 
altered at the Reformation, tlie 
Church filled with pew lumber, and a 
hi»untainous altar -screen, ^under the 
East window. The ezouisite timber 
roof, under the tower otMerton Col- 
lege Chanel, Oxford, is entirely hi({ 
from public \rew, the groins of whlcb 
are very curiously contrived. 

Yours, &c. C. B. 

Mr. U|iBAK, MainsforihyjMn.S. 

IN his very amusing and iustruclive 
JBiblhihuriiay M r. Dibdin mentions, 
as being in Mr. Heber*s possession,, a 
Volume of Eustace's Froissart, whichy. 
it' is presumed^ from the arras, in- 
8erit>ed Henricvs Dux ' Richmun- 
DijE, has formerly belonged to Uenry 
VII. — Maj not this rare Volume have 
been ratber the property of Henrif^ 
Luke of Biclimondf natural son tu 
' Henry VIII. ? A reference to (he arms 
will at once determine the point i as 
those of the Duke, (viz. France and 
England, a Bordure quaitered Er-* 
mi lie and com pony Arg« ai^ Az. a 
Batune sinister of the 2d } an ines- 
cutcheon quarterly. Gules and Varry, 
Or and Vert, a Lion ramp. Arg. ; on 
a chief Az. a Castle between iwc^ 
Bucks* heads cabossed Aro-ent^ arc 
very differenjt from those of nis Royal 
Cirandfather either as Earl or Kiiig- 

In 1654,orfbcreabouts,aSurvey of 
all Livings, &c.. was taken ty order of 
Parliament. At the Restoration the.4e 
Purveys were, 1 believe, ordered to be 
transmitted to the respectivtj Dioceses ^ 
to which they referred. It is a question 
ofsome importance to me.whetheranjr 
such Surveys were sent to Durham ^ 
and if not, where they may at present 
be expected to appear — possibly at 
Lambeth } — I shall feel much obfige^ 
by any information on the abov^ 
subject. K. SuRTSEs. , 

Mr, Urban, -tan, &. 

PAROCHIAL History, and her at. 
tendant Biog^raphy, are so much 
indebted to the labours of Mr. I)anieji 
Lysons, that his disposition must be 
querulous in th^ extreme, who cou(4 



Iftt!2*] V&icent Corbet, the Father ef Bishop Corbet, 1 5 

eyerj discoTer j conmittnkateJ U^ 
him ;" m very iaudabie practice, and 
vorUiy of exarapie; but «f thej«#f6^ 
of wbich had Walter Harte been Mj 
imprcMed, he would doobtJefii fcaiw 
attrilHlted thU obtervatioa to ChaHef 
Bellinghain, Sir Hu^h'i editor, from 
whom be feceited it Whether Via* 
cent Corbers, or Povnter'«, /ihure \b. 
(he '* Garden of Edeif ' will entitle 
him to notice in the Parociiiai Hittorj 
of Twickenham as an author, I am 
willing, Mr. Urban, to leave to your 
decision $ but, if his daini on this 
bead be disputed, and even rejoded* 
as a benefactor to mj native-Til luge, 
his preteosi<ms to a meraoriaJ are 
peremptory and unqnestionabJe. The 
register of the parish records the in- 
terment of " Mr. Vincent Corbet, or 
Poynter, on the a9th of April, 1619,** 
and his will (Reg. Prerogative Court 
Cant. Parker 49), conveyed to the 
poor of the parish of Twickenham 
i'orty shillings) to be paid immediately 
after his decease ; iind four Io^Am of 
charcoal, to be distributed at the di§- 
cretion of the church wardenst. Twick- 
enham appears to have had another 
poet, iji addition to Pope, Suckling. 
and Corbet; for Iroiuiide, 

** a md historiaa of the pensive plain,** 

(and who is guilty of the heiaouf 
crime of makm^ the writer of this 
letter a year older than Nature de- 
creed), — Ironside tbimd the ioilowin^ 
copy of verses on the first leaf of thfs 
old parish registers; which he sup- 
posed to have been written by Mr.Carr: 

** How few exceed this boundary of fame,* 
Known to th« world by some things more 

than name! [tl^die; 

This tells us whci» they're bom and when 
What more ? Why this is all their bis- 

torj' : [twcen ; 

Enough; if virtue fiird the space be- 
Prov'd, by the ends of beiii^, to have 

been.** 

For nearly two centories this pa«- 
rish-register has been the *' boundary 
of Vincent Corbet's fame,'* although 
his akili in a science very iroperfectlj 
known to his contemporaries waa 
very distingnislicd, and his virtues 
were such a:* to call forth their cele- 
bration by Bishop Corbet, Ben Jon- 
f on, and a friend, referred to by the 
latter, whose name and euiogium I 
have not been fortunate enough to 
discover. If the Bishop's poetry .had 
not been lately given to the publick, I 

should 



fcA dif pofed to take hypercritical ad- 
TaaUgie of a casual oversight or ac- 
cideiital omissiofi; it ^s, therefore, 
inth feeKnrt of regret, rather than 
of a^iager, dat I find, in the last edi- 
tion of the ** Environs of London,** 
but iffght notice of the father of 
Bishop Corbet, and the mention of 
faim, night as it is, involved in some 
•cmfusion. ** Twickenham,*' says Mr, 
LysoBs in a note, *' has long been ce- 
lebrated for its gardens. Bishop Cor- 
bet''s father is said to have bad a 
famous nursery there in Queen £liza- 
beth''s time. Richard Pointer, in the 
tame reign,' was (according to a MS. 
of Oldys, in the pofl*»e8<ion of Craven 
Ord, esq.) a most curious planter and 
improver of ail manner of rare trees.'* 
This twofold praise may center in one 
man, for Corbet and Pointer were 
alter ct idem; and we might conclude 
that Oldys acquired his information 
from Whalley*s Ben Jonson, but that 
he would there have found that f^in^ 
cent, not Rfchardf was the Christian 
name of Corbet's fiither. This cir- 
cumstance is thus explained by the fa- 
ecitious Bishop iA *^an El^ie upon the 
death of his owne Father:" (1619.)* 

** Vincent CoaaBT, farther knowne 
By Poynter's name than by his owne. 
Here lyes ingaged, till the day 
Of raising bones, and quickning clay ; 
Nor u-onder, reader, that he hath 
Two surnames in his Epitaph, 
For this one did comprehend 
All that two familyes could lend." 

His celebrity in his occupation was 
certainly great, and such as attracted 
the notice of the most iuteliigent cul- 
tivators of the science of horticulture i 
accordingly we learn that when Sir 
Hugh Piatt was collecting materials 
for his *• Flora's Paradise," which 
afterwards bore the tithe of ** The 
Garden of Eden s" he held, according 
to Harte t, a correspondence with all 
lovers of agriculture and gardening 
throughout £n^Iand, — and among 
the number of those from whom Sir 
Hugh sougl^t and obtained informa- 
tion was Mr. Vincent Poynter, of the 
Sarish of Twickenham. Incommen- 
ation of Sir Hugh Piatt, Harte 
makes one observation which de- 
mands attention: namely, ''suchwaa 
the justice and modesty of his temper, 
that he always named the author of 

* Corbet's Poems, page 120,.ed, 180T'. 
f Essays on Husbandry', voi IT. p. 113. 



16 Bishop Corbet's Father, — Modern Manners in London. [Jan. 

nur§ery on the spot where the Bishop'* 
bouse stood, the inference is most 
probably erroneous; as the register 
of the interment of Vincent Corbet, 
and of Rose, his mother, proves that 
the former resided in ttie hamlet of 
Whilton . Editor of CorbeVt Poem$. 



nbould have transcribed his ** Elegie," 
which IS a favonrable eiarople of his 
talent for verse, and which would not 
sufier by comparison with Jonson's ; 
but I prefer copying the laudatory 
effusion of honest Ben, as a' proof, 
among the many which exist, of his 
friendly and gentle disposition. 

An Epitaph on Master Vincent Corbet*. 

I have my piety too, which, could 
It vent itself but st^ it would. 
Would say as much as both have done 
Before me here, the friend and son : 
For 1 both lost a friend and father [ther. 
Of him whose bones this grave doth ga- 
Dear Vincent Corbet, who so long 
Had wrestled with diseases strong, 
That though they did possess each limb. 
Yet he broke them, ere they c^ld him, 
With the just canon of his life; 
A life that knew nor noise nor strife. 
But was, by sw/iiet'ning so his will, 
All order and disposure still. 
His fiiind as pure, and nicely kept. 
As were bis nourseries, and swept 
So of uncleanncss or offence, 
That never came ill odour thence ! 
And add his actions unto these. 
They were as specious as his trees. 
Tis trne, he could not rgprehend. 
His very manners taught t* amend. 
They were so even, grave, and holy ; 
No stubbornness so stiff, nor folly 
To licence ever was so light 
As twice to trespass in his sight ; 
His looks would so correct it, when 
It chid the vice, yet not the men. 
Much from him, I profess, I won. 
And raoYe, and more, 1 should have done 
But that 1 understood him scant, 
Now 1 conceive him by my want ; 
And pray who shall my sorrows read, 
lljat they for me their tears will shed; 
For, truly, since he left to be, 
1 feel I 'm rather dead than he ! [come 
Reader, whose life and name did e'er be* 

An Epitaph, deserv'd a tomb ; 
"Nor wants it here through penur}', or 
sloth, [both. 

Who makes the one, so it be first, makes 

^^ On or near the site of a house 
on the London road," says Mr. Ly- 
fionsf , which is now the property of 
Lady Anne Simpson, was an old man- 
sion, formerly inhabited by Richard 
Corbet, the poet. Bishop of Norwich, 
whose father is said to have had a 
famous nursery there." If it be 
meant that the poet's father had a 

^1 — - ■ - . II i.j I . 

♦ Whalley's Ben Jonson, voLVL p. 358. 

f Supplementary Volume to the first 
edition of the ** Environs of London/' 
l8ll,4to.p.3ie. ' 



Mr. Urban, Jan, 5« 

TO prevent others making the 
same mistakes with me on their 
first visit to London, from not under- 
standing on cards of invitation the 
fashionable mode of making one hour 
pass for another, and the epithet of 
small to mean quite the reverse of its 
usual acceptation ; I beg to commu- 
nicate that an invitation to dinner at 
six o*clock must be understood at the 
soonest to be meant for seven, as till 
that hour the ladies cannot have 
finished their toilets. 

Soon after mv arrival in town, I 
was asked to make one of a small 
£f/eti party, which, from the limited 
number, promised to be m6st agree- 
able ; but, finding the apartment for 
receiving the company, which by the 
bye was spacious, crowded in every 
part, I began to think I had mistakea 
the day, and had obtruded myself to 
make one ofa great assembly to which 
I had not the honour of being invited. 
The lady of the houjte, however, soon 
set my mind at ease by welcoming me 
to her house, and hoping that, small 
as the party was, it might prove 
agreeable. 

At another time I was asked by a 
lady at whose house the best company 
in town are to be seen, to partake of 
a public breakfast. No hour being 
mentioned on the card, and judging 
that late Loudon hours might natu- 
rally make breakfast-tine rather later 
than with us in the Country, 1 delayed 
my setting out till mid-day. When I 
arrived, a servant informed nae that 
if 1 wished to see the Lady of the 
house, he believed she was not yet 
stirring*—" That," said I, " is impos- 
sible ; for I am invited this very day 
to breakfast with her"—" Lord, Sir P 
says the porter, " the breakfast-hour 
is from 4 to 5." I was more astonished 
than ever at this distribution of time ; 
which not suiting the craving of my 
appetite, I found it necessary at a 
neighbouring hotel to make a hearty 
dinner previous to my partaking of 
her Ladyship's splendid Breakfasts 

A CoRSTAIiX ESAUBR. 

Mr. 



.1 



1812.] Stonejr Stanton, Leicestershire.— J^r. John Bold. 17, 

Mr. Drba», Jon. 1- whom 44 familiet weVe cmplojcd to 

ISfiND you ft y'mw of the Chnrch agriculture, and 40 im trade, &c. 

of Stooey Stan Ion. in teiceiter- Stoney SUuton U oue of the fin«en 

■him (See PUte II.) For the foJ- parishes belongipg to the house of 

Jowiog paTticulan relating to that industry at Sapcote. The old land- 

Eriih I am indebted to Mr. Nkholi'i taxin the awMsmentfoi; 1810 amount- 

itOTT of that County, »ery recently ed to 901. 3*. lOrf. ; of this 32l.i3i.lOit. 

pobliihed. ^^ hcea redeemed. The valuation 

Tha MannioM, a family ofgrcat- under tbe pro pert j tai in IStO wat 

note in Jibe feud.il timei, were po»- 82'8/. m. 6rf, 

vewdoftiiisLordihip. it anemardi The present highly-respected req. . 

pp<M!reiii»ely belonged to the Ba»»et9, t»r >» tne Rev- Dr; Robert Boucher : 

MotunsrValniec*, Bud Vincent* t and NifkolU, Dean of Middlei^m, , 



the IwidB and -teosineBts in the pa- 
rish now belong tu John Freneu 
TataeP,eiq. M. P. beiidetnoleu than 
4S otht 

■ The iinday 

aftflrQ 

The fe«, of 

vbich^ te soil 



Yours, &C. 



'Xaiuraminliuaimir,hiaic tequtfmur.". 
" Follow Nature." Quint. »iii. 3, 
HEN me consider Nature in all 
her various operationi, wo, 
shall liud her plain, simple, and uui.. 
form. She never ^pean in gaudy ; 
and fautastle ornaments i never eni-. 



MVI 



:e, and bellisbcd nilh f^iyoloi: 



r roeretri- 



«hee]t I 

Before the inclosuu, , . ... . 

place in n«4', the inhabiiimti were "men is sober.grave, and venerablcf . 

S«erally litt(e freeboWeri, whcu '■er language li eaiy, familiar, ajid: 

are was .ranch .-tillage, little grai- unaffecled ; her works are distinguish- 

...i 1 — ed lij'thH- "■-'■— I".-""— -"-I — 



ing, and'Do puorTrales, and very few, 
perhaps not half. a dozen, manufac- portion 
turersf seven coltageri kept cows, pf tni 
aod sold^milk. Now the rates we ■"— "" 
nearly SOW. a year? there is lei* til- 
lage, ny^ie fat sheep, moie dairies, 
mors r^UutacUirers, and more poori 
the number in 1809 being 338. The 

fiariih'does not groWi 
If own cunsumptioH. 
I But, obicure ai' this place Js, and 
barren of whatever may amuse, curio- 
lity, it ha^ to boas^ of a lingulait 
character — the Rev. John Bold*, 
a curate, learned, pious, exemplar j 
'-t; who had the cace of this parisb 
^(■riiig the former half of the last 
"century i whose beneficence from 
hit sniall fund was almost a miracli 



5 race, harmony, and pro-, 
she never displays ^ajr. 
fantastic or extravagant 
mages, which frei^uently characteriio 
the productions ot Art, . ',. 

If we cast out eye over those du-. 
raerous and extensive objects whiea' , 

.,_. constitute the great theatre of Na-' 

enough for t"re, we shall find in every one of 
them a beautiful order and symmetry., 
The heavens display inimitable ex- 
ampies of magnifioence ^nd grandeup'^ 
in exact proportion to their real uti', 
lity. The earth is adorned with an 
infinite varietv of delightful land- 
scapes, and pleasing ubjects, nhich, 
cbarm the eye, and entertain the 
imaginatioil by that simplicity, whicti 
always gratines a sensible specta- ' 



like ttiat of the augmentation of the torjyet byton thtjusand repetition 



creates the leastsaticlj o 
gust. We rise from a philosophical 
view of Nature witll perfect satisfac- 
tion ( and we return to it again with 
new delight and improvement. We 
may conclude, therefore, that the best 
and the noblest pattern of imitatioa 
in every department of human life-, 
_. . in every art and science, is Nature.' 

• Of wtiom some interesting particu- I' the author, who writes for the 
Uh, drawn up by Dean Nickolls, are benefit of the present and succeeding 



widow's cruse of- oil by the Prophet 
■ofold. 

In 180! Stoney Stanlon contained 
87 bouten, 90 families, and 335 inha- 
:blt4nlst ISO of them were employed 
:iq- agriculture, and ibe rest in trade, 
•SK: InllSll, it contaiQed 95 houses, 
9T families, and 446 inhabitants ; of 



given in the " History of Leicestershire," 
voL IV. p. 975. 
fiSHT. Mxe. Jaauary, 1313. 

3 



generations, would follow this u 
riog guide, bis woriu would not sink 
-iota 



1<« 



ffsfful fffnts-io pHtfUc WriUrs md Spe$kiri. [Jao^ 



iaio dbftrioii iHlh the friToloat pro- 
ductieos of the day, but would re> 
niiiki as tk^ stendards of taste and 
elegance, to «iicceediK ages. Ho- 
mer, the plakieft and the stmf^lett 
irriter of antiquity, has been admired 
by every judicions rrader, for aknost 
3000 years, because his characters and 
deseriptions-arenataral $ or, as Dr jdeti 
says of Chaucer, ** because' he follow* 
ed feature etery where, and toevcr 
went beyond her.*' It is obsenred by 
an eminent poet,'that Nfiture and Ho- 
mer ure the same. Modem writers 
in the epopea hate never equalled 
this adrnmbie poet, because they have 
nevei' been content todescribe the great 
events, #hich they have selected for 
their si^bjects,'W%h the .^aroe plain and 
mnjesttc sifttplicSty. They have at- 
temptdd to entMfish their jioems by 
extravagant descriptions, mcredible 
wonders, characters which never ex* 
iste^, m language eemposed of tuigid 
expressions, and an endless varietY of 
iaeonsfstent emthets, and discordant 
metaphors. These poetical iraq^ges 
bave no tmifbrm appearance, no na- 
land features ; but afe monsters, de- 
corated with ^\ the colours of the 
raiibow. it is no wonder, therefore, 
that a reader t>f taste should be 
fatigued and disgusted with such a 
prOTitoton of glaring and fantastic 
portrailts. Let any «ne corajiare the 
^msalem- -of Tasso,* the Henriade -^f 
yoItaire,v8dd the most elaborate pro- 
dttcttons «f some of ^ur Bngliah t>oets,' 
who have -attempted the epic^oem, 
wi^ the works of Homer and Timl ; 
and whileheisdazxled with themse 
brilliancy of the formisr, he will atd- 
mifc' the inimitable ease atad simpli- 
city of the latter. 

If the Dramatic Writer would fol- 
low* Nature, he would never introduce 
. his speakers declaiming In a #ild^ inr- 
^d, and poetic language, 'in jtheir 
conversation on the stage. We 
ahoold think tt extremely unmitirral, 
if s person, in the deepest affliction, 
i^nld express the anguish of his 
mind in measured periods, florid 
•imiles, and splendid metaphors ; and 
we am see no reason ^iiy the^e 
things should be thought allowable 
in scenes of tragical diHress. The 
•imile at the eiid of every act, which 
•was usual wttlli some of our best poets 
of the last age, has been Juitly ex- 

Jloded. For the same reasoii, trage- 
ies in rhime have been condemned as 
fantastic, grotesque* AQd affected 
c^mpoiitions. 



If the Historian would fioll^w She 
piam and^•ia]|^e^mck. which, he ift^i* 
redeA to pttrsiMs i»y Mature ftudithA 
oMer ^ tilings, his narraitine f9wM 
biBfwidwith moM pleaaune«i(lqid«an* 
tage. The reader moM ke equailf 
delighled aod iaitrucled. Insload <^ 
which, we have Historians, ithn harf 
embarrass^ their naf rafcvre by per* 
priextng digressieiis, flowecy . dcscrip* 
tions, and an ebborale, lornsal, mai 
pedantic diction. -Never content %Uli 
a limiKar and easy repreaentati«i df 
fiKts iar tbeirf««per order, thcycoo- 
foand the Header's imagination by laa 
iamortment display of rhetaricai «m«> 
bellishments. 

Wottid the snetUier on the Stu^ at- 
tentively consider the character he4«- 
presents, aad the passions he wishes 
to express,. he would never ** over- 
step," ae Shakspeare expresses it, *« the 
modesty of Nature ;*' he would never 
vociferate in scenes, where the pathna 
is deliueated ; . he would never caot^io 
the depth of sorrow and afiiction, 
nor ever declaim in a soliloquy^ 
where thSe hero in a tn^dy muftte 
supposed to ibe in a .sedate and. c<i»- 
(en^ativejitbitude. ^tolinng can the 
more shooking to a judidou» auditor, 
than to hear a peraon, .who represent* 
ed thegrave, philosophic Cato^ sneak* 
ing his famous aolitoquy, with Vit^ 
on the Immortality of the iSioul l>e€wre 
kim, in. a. loud, fantastic, .o«atorical 
tone, pesoling>at the heaiens, while 
he says, 

^'Tbe stars shall fAde away, 'the sul) 

himself 
Grow^dim with age.** 

If we should hear an Actor, per« 
sonating Henry VI. on the Ha^Ci ad- 
dressing Cardinal Beaufort m his 
dving moments, in these words of 
Shakspeare, 

" Lord Cardinal, if thou think^t ^ftn 

heaven's bliss. 
Hold up thy hand *, make signal of that 

hope"— 

and pronouncing them with a violent 

and rhetorical accent^ we ahould be 

shocked at his absurdity. Nature 

teHs us, that he should ^uidress tim 

. dyin^ man in a calm, soft, and aym« 

^athizing tone; and that he should 

-wai^sorae time, before he starbback 

with concern and a0iction, aiid<pfo* 

nounces this awful sentence — 

" He dies, and makes no^sigil!*' 

Would the sneaker in the House 

condescend to loilow the dictates ^|F 

Nature 



r 



^912J] The Ettgfish jB'iJ/f.— Z^. Vincent dridBp^ Porteus. 1* 



Mwturiy We* stiToirM not' see «o nmny- 
pftriiftmettuiy oraftors attiraira^ a fbr^ 
■nal aspect, using s voNciieruus tbne^, 
<»r i'wWitig their arms, lilfe a peasant 
^randiimi^ bis flaH. 

I* tfierei&r^ recormneiid to eveiy 
pernm irho«ither writes for posterity, 
oi*fpeak» iaptiblick, to pay the strict- 
Alt* iltlentibti to 'this exceifedt maxim: 
•• Pol!o^ Nature," Ef/smsius ♦. 

Mr. Ihrii:ii9'» jMft. 6; 

OXONfBN«lSi LXXXI. Part ii. p; 
510, offers to your Readervsoine 
jitst remarks on the modeof printtO|^ 
onr version of the Bible ; where tfae^ 
IMk letter rs supposed to imply an 
^ omimionio the oriritral, which ought 
to beadded inn trausratibn." But in the 
fteottd'psTrt^ of bir subject, afkr fairly 
alluding to the Star Chamber fine od 
Che eaHy PHuters^ for their omission 
of llic word* ** nof " in the serenth 
Coiiiniandhiefft (whilst he discovers 
<Mte sirnHar" i«r the Oxford' octavo edi* 
film of 1800) b^ printing- the part 
qooted'whdll^ iir the' Itniic; he does 
not distinguish^ whether the verb 
*^" stands; in the Copy then before 
him, in that' \Mer ot not. In onenow 
before me, pAaled by Basket 171&^, it 
does 80 stana ; but the mai^ki gives a 
4iflferrait, fiRh I tbiofe, a better, ver- 
sion I ^ M* our htgh' haitd and not 
the ftoni bath done all this." This 
is pBBdsely tlM sense^^ol^ tiie £lep- 
tui^nt translation, where the Greek 
article repeated be£i>re the adjective 
is very expressive ; it is also adapted 
to the position, as well as termina* 
tion,.of the Greek adverb there used; 
nicaaing ** niU ,•" as wcil as mo/s f»> 
•cmbling another passage in Deutero*- 
. Bom^.ehapi viii. 17: '*Tbon say; ia 
thiar heart, ray power and the tnig^ 
of ray hand hath gotten me this 
wealtliL" The Latin version of Tr^ 
melliusaod Jumus,*Ai]istierdamy 1660» 
has **/uit" and uot in Italics.' 

Not being qualified tty enter into 
the case £sra»er by reference to the 
kebrew, I should not> have intruded 
myself on your notice, had not the 
disa>vered omission of thewond/^ not *' 
brought to my recollection an impro- 
per insertion of that wordio>ami<)her 
poblicatioa. The very leam^ Dr. 
Tiocent, in his laudaUe ami Ubeml 
«« Defence of I^Ublic ISducation,*' 
^ives as a transcript from a note to Dc 



I ^ 



* The late R«v. Jos, Robertson. £DiTt 



l^aheR'ft' Serttiott, puMished titf^rti^ 
4vtttt of (wharf 1 will call the mosff 
respectable, if not, from itir long*, 
triod^ merits etnen venerable) the 9o* 
ciety for promoting Chi'istian KnonK 
ledge* the foUnwing^ as- the opening 
of a larger paragraph t ** We cannot 
Iwi' lament that \n.veryfe» of our 
best endowed seminaries the sta4y of 
Ohristisifity has not that* portion of 
time and regard allotted to it, &o" 
In a note he observes ** the negative 
is omUted' in Dh R;ennefl*s text." 
The sentence oerCbitify operis aw^- 
imrdly on first reading rand mig^t 
perhapa have appeared less so, if the 
won! "^JVet ** had' praoedl^ •• 1%/ 
MmfyJ* ButI should think thatf Had 
Dr. Vioceot read it a second time^ 
unmedialely pnevious to hia publish* 
ing the second edition, hd would^havo 
found the insertion not tobeneees> 
sai7, indeed cofkseqoently improper. 

P. S. — I observe Dr. Vincent ad'> 
dresses his " Defence " to the mesf 
Reverend the Lord Biahop^of Meat|i^ 
taking the ** superlative *' from the 
title-page of his sermon^, and the 
list of Preachers annesedl It is- in* 
deed said, that Meatk was once aa 
Arch-bishoprick ; so was one: at least 
of our Welsh Bishoprkks; but If da 
not bear of that hignesttitle being in 
anyi of them, revived. ^tfcfc-bisEop 
James Usher, not unacquainted htm* 
self with Anliqutties, when previowij 
BisHop of Meatii, wm^ addrQised by 
Sir Ilimry:'Spelman,.Mr. John Sfeldai^ 
Sir Robert Cotton, Mr. WilliaivCani* 
deui.by Siptesmen, and hiir &«tiiren 
of the Bpiscopal Bench, asRigbf V^ 
verend (wljyr^ 

N. Bi. inDif.BortcuS^«Btevie«rof 
the Life and Chamcter of tlie Bigiti 
Reverend Dr* Thomas Seeker late 
Laid. Archbishop of Caolerbiii^,'*^ Che 
fifth edition 1797 now before me* tiK 
Bishop acknowled^dthattlioraistaBe 
was not the; Printer's, but his owm 
YouMy. &C. ^ J. E* 

Mr. U«BAii, Jmm%m 

THE translation by yoor Cono^ 
spondent OwomiensU (ill fwxt last 
Part,.p. 511.) of theSSd Chapicp a€ 
Dieuteronomy, is ini general' very a»> 
curate; but.there^ tfro two or thra 
passages which ma^ be rendered in; a 
dtffes e n t ^ aod^ ari| appOm to wm^ 
in ji better way* 

yer..$. lliefe if ptrhtpg Wfni^'mtt r 
io thf Uxi of the first hemistich of 



Remarks on different Versions of the Bible. ; [Jan, 



20 

^iiisTerief as it stands at present, it 
will not bear the translation giyen by 
, Oxoniensis) which does not indeed 
vateriail}' differ frooKthe Bible trans- 
lation. 

'* Their depravity hath corrupted them, 
who are no more his children.*' * 

** Corrupitj illi JUioi, turn jam tuoiy 
ifisorum pravitcu" 

Lowth de sacri Poesi Hebra^orum, 

Pra^iect. i5» 
Verse 10. 
** He fed them in a desert land." 

The Terb i^yo hath sometimes this 
tignification $ and the Septua^int and 
Arabic ^ersionst together with the 
Chaldee Paraphrase, so understand it 
in this passage. Aulft^DiKreyis the Greeks 
trord. This rendering is likewise 
confirmed by the Samaritan^ Penta- 
teuch. 

Verse 11. 
*^ As an Eagle carefully watches over 

her nest. 
Broods over her young," 

For this meaning of tbe verb yjf^ 
see Bosenmuller on the verse. 

Verse 40. 
•* For I will lift up iny hand unto the^ 

Heavens, 
And win say, Js I live for ever, 
I will make mine arrows drunk with 
blood." 

Of the propriety of this translation 
there cannot exist a doubt, as it is the 
usual form of an oath in the Hebrew 
language; besides, it adds much to 
the beauty and sublimity of the 
passaj^ 

Beitig afraid of occupying too much 
«pace in your valuable Repository, I 
shall not make anyfarther observations 
at present, but perhaps reserve them 
for another occasion. ' W. W. 



Mr. Urban, Jan, 7. 

BEING very desirous that an Ox- 
ford Scholar of my family should 
acquire some knowledgeof the Hebrew 
language, you will oblige a constant 
Header by a column of thanks to Ox- 
oniensis, pa^e 511. His subject is 

fraud : an old Commentator calls this 
ong of Moses '^ a summary of the 
wh^Me law ; for he speaks of the mighty 
works of Jehovah, of the world's 
creation, of worshiping One God, 
of tbe race of men at the Deluge, of 
the confusion of tongues and division 
of the land, of the Israelites being a 
choien people, and of the favours 



shewn to them in the Desert, of tbo 
Resurrection of the Dead to 'come,' 
&C. &c. 

*' In the first place Heaven and 
Earth are invoked as being incorrupt^ 
ibie witnesses that, if the people would 
worship pod as they ought, abunidapt^ 
harvests should follow with plenty 
of wine and of oil ; but, if the Jews re-* 
belled against God, instead of any 
blesswg. Heaven and Earth should in- 
flict a curse, namely. Heaven should 
withhold its rain. Earth should yield 
no fruit.*' 

CastalioV translation of the 1st 
yerse pleases me most. AttendUe^ 
Ctelif dum loquor : audi^ TerrOy verba 
oris met. The last part commands, in 
character of Lawgiver; whilst the 
former, in dum loquovy solicits testi- 
mony from above. 

The2d verse isawkward throtigh thai 
sudden repetition of my} and tli^ next 
word doctrine might easily change itc 

Elace. Rain occurs twice: Oxonieusis 
as altered this, but the word showers^ 
being found in two of the lines does 
not please more. 

The full meaning of the Hebrew 
word ♦np^ niay perhaps be conveyed 
in the two first words as follow* 

Verse 2. 
Inspired they shall drop like the rain \ 
My doctrine shall flow as the dew, . 
As sprinklings with wet on a bud, - 
And as showers to ratt^ o'er grass. 

Your .Correspondent is over-corn- 

Slaisant in giving us tezeker a9 
[ebrew : the consonants have vowels 
in plenty according to the points^' 
but not one of them consorted 
with e. If vowels may be supplied at 
will, it is not most probable that the 
world (informed, how hold, sonorous^ 
and musical Hebrew was) can be sa- 
tisfied with a short ore short. At the 
same time Welsh boys, or any boys, 
may be well and wisely enticed to 
learn by this flattering mode; yet, 
within sight of Radclifle's Library can 
persistence in .such curtailment stand 
uncondemned ? What say the ex- 
amining Masters ? . ' 

Yours, &c. P. 

Mr. Urban, Jan. 6. 

I SEND you some particulars of a 
recent invention, which may prove 
of some importance to the publickl 
— ' 1 have for many years ex periended 
the inconvenience of locking waggons 

and 



IS 12.] Isckmg if Carriages.'--^Dem^Ui(>n of MwumenU. It 

an^ olhcr carriages gohiff down iteep And, dj^, bids lOft Iwnet be IM, 

billj ; aad have, initead ofthe methods Where erst his simpU fothew pra/d,** 

udw used, latterly made use of the What man theo, irho has any regard 

foUo win^; expedient, which will be to the memory of his forefathers, can 

found much better to answer the pau by without the greatest sprrow« 

purpose intended. when be beholds their tombs torn up 

A wheel and axle of, a Carriage from their foundation, and thrown 

inaybe occasionally locked together carelessly aside? What heart woulA 

iw follows: — almostclose tothe box not melt? what eye would not let 

of the wheel let there be a spring, drop a tear ? That this should hap- 

like that in an umbrella, its nib sink- pen in an age when knowledge is so 

in^ similarly into axle, by a thimble uDiTcrsally diflfused, must add very 

bemg sitded on it. From wheel's box much to the regret. It is a matter of 

let a short spud project, which shall yery great douot with me, whether a 

he stopped (and the wheel with it) patron or clergyman can remove anj 

by this spring's nib when up, but pass tombs from his church, much less 

free when nib is sunk into axle: the destroy them: do, notevenif autho* 

wheel consequently will be locked to rized by the ma^ate. of an arcb-* 

lixle hy sliding the WntMe forward deacon or bishop of the diocese«— • 

(or towards wheel), and unlocked by i write this, Mr. Urban, not as being 

drawing haek^ Such spring and its myself alone deeply concerned, btit 

spud on ppporite side (but same end) through pity to those, who behold 

oi axle will make the locking doubly with heart-felt pain ravages commit- 

iecure, and one thimble will press in ted, which must enrage not only the 

both springs ; the thimble may be slided parties themselves but every lover off 

to aaa fro by a handle or spring con- antiquity. Should you^ Mr. Urban* 

Teeient to a person in the carriage i be so kind as insert this in your Ma- 

as I found, when sitting on my reapm|^ gazine (as I think the case will touch 

machine, while drawu along. This yourtenderfeelings also), it may puts 

contrivagce would be peculiarly use- stop to these wrecks, and very much 

ful where the common drag chain oblige a number of friends, but uosl 

would be inapplicable: viz. when of ally Yoursy &c. E. W ■ ir« 
horses were running away with a ^ 

carriage: and it would retard them , «. ,, ^ 

still more if both wheels could be Mr. Ubban, CondrnMreei^Jan.!. 

Ipck^ so. W. P. TPHE enquiry made m your last 

1^ X volume, respecting Emanuel Men^ 

Mr. Urbanj j^ jg ' . swered by the followihg particulara 

DURING my rambles in* a sweet of his family, di^wn up by himself, and 

romantic valley in the North of ^''^"^'''"li ^*^5- '" my possession. 

Yorkshire. I arrived at a Church, of ^V**!? ""f '''*'''* some brief meino. 

which ncrthing now remains but the '»^ of contemporary Virtuosi, which 

Whitewashed walls, and these will, t f^y "^^ V^ove nmnterestmg for some 

am afraid, soon prostrate themselves *^°'"«-*^ °»™«^«" ' and^among lus loose 

before all-conquering Time 5 though P^F**' ^'^^ ^f"" ^^'^*l^^ ^^ ''^^ *"i*T 

possiWy, were Time the only enemy, ^"^^y «^^^^. Jews, which I propose tp 

they might for many years rkise their communicate for the current volume. 

*}inmblehead,andpointouttothsi»a'is- Yovirs, &c. J. U. 

ing shepherd where his fathers meu, FamilUB Mendetktna; 8f Da CMtiana. 

Though no civil wars molest its walls, My grandfather ^father's side) 

yetiU present patron seems desirous Moses, alias Philip Mendes da Gosta, 

to lay its honours in thedust, Though jived at Koan in franco, but c^me t# 

m new Church is building for the England to reside about 169?; and 

parishioners, yet in my opinion, and died at London I T3&-40. Married a 

beggingthepatron'spardon, he ought gigjer of my grandfather Alvaro da 

to pay some little regard to the feel- Costa's wife, Lianor Gutleres da 

ngs of those whose ancestors ^re CosUMinba prima, my grandmother, 

mried in the old Church. ^ho died in France 5 and in 1669 1 find 

f For still, beneath the hallow'd soil, Fernao Mendes Guterres mentioned 

!fhe pes^saat rests hii^ from his tqil. a* 10^ gn^udflther's e(der or superior, 

and 



i 



siidii»'(hnbtitM bfer fBUM»t<Hn4 it Altarcda CMM«uin>m1ti'PerRi«^ 

IM Ihtt-petle* of tire bottlti, a gl >M oMue t« London al«ttt- ISMS 

liTrMdeFemaMepdet'tui Alraro Bc> nwrrted'Lenorfthi*' firft «6iMlMf 

ds Corta. Hid iaae : 1. Abrabami litter to Dr. MeaAMl, vnk nir««W 

■iCm Joli* »; father. 8. Satftk".! 3i motber Mn4e>»«h0 oOtlWetf litlif 

JUctteit. 4.Rebe<oa^' SI. Jacob V ^"^1 !"»"• &nd died Aout inM 

MT graBdfstfaer (inothM'* fide) Badirtifc, 1. BmtriceK C-Kieliel. 

■ Married to Sunud del Praiki at AmttenUoi, who dylngt ibe returned M&MldMH 
anddied.... The iMae of this inarriaKe wit, 1, Immi narrled Arata<{^ina4 by 
wbam ba baiksuej MCOodW, a Bravo, t^ wbom be ba* iho inm , ba'vnMts'W 
" Holland. 3. Itanhel, married titordecal, oJuw Marco Nauo, died leaTil^Ino issaav 
%. Mows; who «rA unfortunate, and died ilngla in Fraaoe. 4. RAceca,- Ae4 
dnsle. 5'. Leah, married to Einanuel Mender Da Coats; diedin 1T63' 6. AhrV- 
baM, tficd3T'Jbl7, ITS3, I imagine in bij 6Sth year, of an atcidcAt of caVCa>§ 
ftiale; in lopping a branch f^iti a tree, and cutlini; the veiQ tiirough; at bi«- 
Bosse^ftt Tnickeabain, wher« hR died! He was tiuried at Mile-end' neit buiTinr 
|I>1«m].' Hti nntrtied'Ebther, widow Of Jacob Salvador, by wbutn be Had a sent 
Md the died 'in 1188, aged abnut SB: 

' i HarTiedtoDMitt,aJi<uFraiK!l'KilTad>ir,jtinh who died in Oct. IT^SjOid^ 

< ^edlnJiiiMilTW The isuKOf tbk marriage wU^ 1. A<b}gtil, iflaHled'tbJaMk 

tWeira do Pubei and died witUnot iMue. 9. Jas«ftb, bom SI iaii; 17)9, dU< 

>t ChBrie^-town, Carolina, 99 D*c. 11R6, afTd 70 ;eU« I ! nMOtlH | Mid- WM 

btmedintlieJeWburiBl-groBndtheT?. SiJacsb.wbomamedEatherPanettodi^lrOi^ 

and leaving bar a widovi with t<«» sons j Daniel aad Moaea, aUe narrfcdagaik t* 

AbrahaiB, son of Samuel del Prido [sec jweceding-. noteS). 4i Hebceca, martlrf 

Ber first cousin Moses, aon of Jacob M^ndei da Coata, died J>>Deor<hily WSStibaM 

Iluic one daup^ter, nho married Baroa Aouilan. h, Sarab, married Maaesv (Maat 

abflofJitobFranco; GbediedohS Jan, 1756, in her Slit year, IcaviagtfiaMtM. - - 

X Bom at lloan ilj Norknandy 1693, Biairted Anthony Meode*, eldeit >oa t« 

FeWiando MentlM, M, D, hiT first cotirin. He died about Oct. 178^ ; and ibc died 

IBNo*. 1761 OhbeTcofflnEhttwU's^idtobeagEd70yt!Hrs. Theiriuuewaai i, 

KatAaHi died «ngl«. 3. AiiiM, Mitt (I7d7) tingle. 3- Jolianna, married Jacob 

Km-; -she'd ied ITT^) leavii^oned^gbter. 4. McfiM, alioi Lewis -MendeB, martted 

to, his Cousin L^dia or Leonora, and has tSro'sons. 5. ^ab, married .... Hemei 

an Apothecary at Bath, died without iSBue>. 6. Jacob, dled-iit 1T8I tingle. 

' rrieiViM'^ont 171T', toSarah JesunttH Alvares. Tbeir issue wae : 1; MdW^ 

totn Aoat Jtiiy ITie, mftrriedbit'lirttcousiilRelteccB Salvador, by w bom bo'bad 

•De daueM^Ti % Isfiac, nuried Jcdidya, daughter of Jacob - MW i d i -J da CeaCa^icnr. 

Old baa two'EoM and two daui^bt^ 1^ thatumrria^: be died II th April, I7BI, 

•si eoDputeiD,hisSGlb yean ,1. Rebecca, who married my no^Ktr, and Mt ooo 

en a widow, ahenarrieda un'irflsaac LCTl^ ~ 

>lueof that lecopd mariiagfe. 

« John MendeB da Costa, aenior. Tbeitsus 

led to David Mendes da Silva at Anuterdaal, 

uighter, married to Joseph Suasso de Uma. 

an unfortunate man that fltdto Prftnct oKd ' 

4. Rafebel, marHed to Jacob ^eno da Met- 



} Baion of Auretnes le Gr*s, at' the Hagttt, 
youHK. Th« ivms or this marrMI^ wu.^ I. 
1 called the Hon. Antont*ali«> laaaaLoyHa 
I le Oriu in FUnders( Paitfaw; an iorperkl 
iyOct.3, 1775. He was npWMdt of ^ Ha 
ithony da CoatS) hit couiln^eraiaNrby' wtwv 
I Abraham, who Kueoeedcd. hiai.in tUI« and 
oiav tiachael, bom in tbt old Jewi^ about 
A born SI Jan. ITl6{ «he died'Oct 10, nSt, 
If the iltw burjing-grdund at Mile-end' tin the 
Aidith, mbrried to Josbua Mender dz Cotta. 
I' Friticii, <!&» DaHlbl Sal^adbr, wbo wai 
?«ev«nlchildren,lrbbw)tll'bt!ti»lrbaVeh«e>t 
B. Miraifa.- 6. Bainnai T^motbeto daiwlk. 



1613.] Z^ Ji«a*er«AM«ndesafi4D»CoHta. St. 

S. Ua«Hr<UHAatheta)i*. A.Etlb*r <lHit wwncomilj). *. Jotepht. 6.' 
«lMM>fahHBa» b* iitwrviit ViltB.mil «i»ri«t. 7. .■.'..«««tMttrri- S.BeB. 
fid D.C.ir^u^tii/ be kmaUm ' 

bonours arc reglateKd fn the Reralda' otGc'^ ti^aSon '. ^'. 88. Biuiin et B'mqbmu 
d'Aovfrbea let' Gm tout ainsi pommi lea «utres Barcos de Pals bas, patent dUpA 
Saji.S,i7t6. e. Jacob. 3. 'Emanuel, mamed a Teietr'a, and (Ucd wiUiout iMOfw 
4. Mosdi martMil .a.Uma, and diid leaTni(|^ a numerous issue both male asA 
ferecie. 5. AaroD, jjuiried a (^oCe, and died leavinj a nniDeroiu iuue both 
^ate and femalr. 6. Sarab, inairied her ODde' Benjacdiit aMat John da Ca«ta qC 
tbeH4C<ie,andkadoalTadauf^ter, whb nwiiedrtie eldest ion of Hoxea Suaiso. 7b 
i,..aTeuen, 'fl.-Abi'abani,pgBthHmoui,orBftarhlB father't death, marriedaDdii^ 
ladlied, levring ona dauefater, married to kii nephew -AlNlibam oF jMOb Soaw*. 
-* He wv > £rector ofllie Bank of Encland, aod <died Tueadaj monijig at < 
4fidpck, Warch 3, 1746-7, and was buried bhe 4Kh Uanh in d« Mm bnijli^ 
l^iaandatMite-cndiieit to bis daughter Lady Same. He nuried in \G9B bisfint 
■onnnCstfaeriDeMeDde*, daa^tcrtoDr. Ijii-HdFE.'She was bornabout ISIS in tlM 
nmlpalkceofSoniaMt'house, nnd Catherine of Pmlugal, Queen of Chades IL (fr^w 
VhomshcirunsnMrO "'^ her godmother : t^e died ou Friday )Dl>ec. I75S, abu^t 4 
rdoct aftemMiiiDorabouttbe7Ttb]iearof kei age. N. B. It was the 17 IjLislefi 
A.M. SSlTibut onhertombstDiie by mistake it is put ^^Kislea. The issue eftbi* 
marriage )*ai I I. -Sarab, married to hcruncle AlvaroMendu.' 2. lUi^M, iqaoi^ 
toherfim rouiin, tbe Moa. Antanio Lopea Suasso, Baron of A.vernes le Gras, i* 
Ifcndaa. 'S. I^a, naniad to her first coueId, Jacob Lopes Suasso, esq. tb* 
iMDi^l baodiar. .4.<Aib«abaai, died mwiarried 1st Feb. 1T(I9, of a lingering d^car 
Mdlheatona, fteOTasbsnlTll. 6. Rebeeea.muiied to Jacob Perelra, esq. ijA 
JB.tfcililiiiJ. 6. Bather, nuvriad 4S "April IT'*!, to har wtei*s widower, m^ 
ia a* f ewwa, .wq. 

mia 1688,.»w»ie)lf>MiKirB,daugfa|tcTaf Fernaado Hendes. 'Tb«lsMie«( 
raiAse.w|H 1 1.1 CiChcriDe, b«ni abcwf 1109) marraed S4 M^, 1737, J ase^ 
Jm^Oa»ta,Vi1i»r»»l,»e»*^(fmLUbna Ku^few -ytna hebre, and diedSTiDaa. 
1730} faaibf fasm &8«n »od aidau^Uf Jibe ^ed ipqu aFter : She 
* - -' )e with my faasfterl'bilip, otisi Jaaab, but lie was. «: 
iam JiaUiab,eaq.>aMl hHl isaue ofui v>n. After her f 
k ReUgigii, and had her eMUren ilta bnptisad, as a 
r, WaAiesdq' April' te, 1738^ ' << YsstpnUiy monufig 
ttead.atthe fsirii.^wiObof €t. Anne's, Saho, b; thu Rev. ; 
•fa}ldren.af the late Mr. ,I«b«^ da Coata VilUrtal by the ni 
HisiAeth." .N. S. .ffliKa>etbman4e<»i.Dr<{Vi;count.Galway, 
iBiHottinftfauiiriure; and both "hav* Issuer g. Sarab, bom : 
■boat ITTIi DDmanicdL 3. .Uatei, Barried to Rachel, eldest 
ipda«r^iH«idas4 ha died bcgtBDiof of May^r June 1770, 

4M hadissa*Mie*a» andon^dau^tor. 4. Benjamin, b 

•■I of 'the JaaliBh nation I bet aame was Eliiabsth ;. tha dit^l Di 
aad tiM«ld«U«in, aUo Brntfaain, died Feb. SI, 1789, aged 43. The father, wtbcr, 
•«mdiaahaveonesinglagra»e.itoneonthe wall in 9t; James's CtHinthryaril, l^ixadiiiy, 
-mdar-wfaiefa-tbey are aU buried. -Tbe fatlnr stter hii afajuring Judaiim (soon 
•tef'-hiS' sister CMberine 4koftbiured)-WBS a CXerk in tbe Inland post-oflke, and 
faUawa-alif had isiua male and FkibbIc, and died. S.Anne, died single or spioster. 
tf. Rebecca,' msffried Joseph Treues, andturvtved him, but bad no cbildien. f. 
Joseph, fc(HD in or ab««tt 1738. 

t Abaab^orio, Merefaant,^^ided at Amsterdam , and married . . ■ • She died at 
Amaterdnm. The issue of this marriage was: I. Joleph, Vent to the East Indies 
.^boottfSO; ^Md-no certAin^of him sine*. S. David, married a Ptnedo, by whom 
he has KMny ehHdten. S. AbrabBin, bom at Amsterdam in ITOl (suit Y<"areal) 
married his first cousiu Rebecoa da Costa, and had iuue two sons. 4. Benjamini 
diadilngle4aiserend^ef I7'r5. S. Isaac. 6. -Rachel, bnm in Amsterdam, marriesl 
IsMn Wana ....aiHuVeniandes-Dtasi died at London Tuesday Aug. !3, ITfiO, in 
^/er-ttri fCar; -issue a son and 3 daughters. 

f«[»TiedAbrahaiB,.rideats«nefFernandoda Costa, Aug. 19, FfOSjO.-S. (iqtbe 
■amr raam and at same time as her sister my mother was], liie is^^ie at tbi> 
■sanliiaM was : L Raehel, married ber uncle Jacob of Fernando ja Costa, and sh« 
-tMdtfondaynormDgat^clockOct.ia, 1173, aged about 6T yeari, and left Issu* 
«40a-aBd two-duigbtttraiTiK. Benjamin, Raehel, and Sarah. S. Jacob, married btl 
consio Rachel da Cesta ; ahediedtn I77S, no ^sue. S.Rebecca, marriedtober 
Vcateaiwii AhMham- fMot4« (see hnt note S.] died ^outtthtrf March lltO^- 4. 
Jaitfb, aanUi mt sf th« Jawirti bMim,- ud bad » mmnwt iMise nnla and 

female 



iAenies,and Da Costa. — Sevatue in Scotland. [Jai 



Smin.rtfiMJohii*. 9....alitAuaef. U.S. — Eii eatire libnrj of »int 
; grandrather went >u Badge Eow book* knd MSS. ud coUecnon ._ 
liouK MicbaelniM 1S71, aud he bad priiitiaDddrswiii(;iofNfttiua)Hiitui7( 



Hj luld at Eues bouw bj Patenon aad 

were Eve, on Thiir»daj Ma; 12, 1768, and 

boniiDBadgeRiiw. The Doctor ^ and the two foUowiog da;*/ at 1 a O'clock^ 

John iJTcd with him audMeatiiJoree ■ ■ ■ 

Mendei. — — 

' My honoured father Abraham, alia* Mr.URBAV, L<mh-» CbnJuita. Ju^,. 

John Mendei da CoiU, was born at A MONO wanj old papers I have found 

lloaii ID Normaadj in 1683, came to /ione.ofwh.chltonexacopy asfarw 

Soglaad about 16S6,aDd«a the 19th ' t^anmakBit out.mthe hopethatwo^ 

of August 1 T02, 0. S. wai married to f ?»"' <-»""P°nd«it» may diro* aome 

v.il... -«_. i;.k.„... J. r«rf, k-a light on an antient branch of ReveauB m 

».lher, alia, Jubanoa da Corta, hi* g^otbnd. which no kn«r «<««. The 

Iritcouiin. . _ ■ . person t« whom the licence BMgcaMed, 

M3 honoured mother Johanaa,ii?iiri „„ youngest »oa of Williani R)rbe*o( 

Either, waBbi.niii! Budge Row, Lon- Tolquhoun, Abcrdecnahirp : he raarried 

don, imd died 1 T49. T.lCj had ame, Je^ne alicer of Sir Gilbert ftamsay, oC 

' I. HoieB,dred joune- 2. Jacub,hurn Baltnain, bart. in 1S33, and died iO' 

A|iril or 16a3, which auHieUntly It ^k-S [be date. 

amhurg. Vuurs, &c. John Forebs. 

name of ■■ The Lotvis of Eichecher and Com- 

10 child* mUsionera of his Majesties rents and 

'lEalher. oatualties grant and giue licence ts 

rah, bum Thomas Forbes of Watertoune and hi a 

km SOD of spouse, and such persons as sail bappeA 

}. 1181 1 to be at t^>te wiUi~theni, to eate and 

uidsome f^*' upau Beth dnring-. the forUdtlen 

1. Ra- time of Lentron, and aist> upoB Wed> 

trio by nesdajea, Frydayes, and Setterdayea. . . ^ 

*D ' Ke- f'"' t-tiB 'P'>™ °f i"!^ >cc to com aff tha 

itni nha dait hereof : and that witbuutane painc, 

>D I'saac '^'^''' *°^''^ "' ^""fi*'' *° *« incurred 

., 1- by any of them, their persons, and guidt 

'E k ■ notwithstanding of whatsoever 

thoni be ftct.statme.orprodaniation, maidintbe 

married, ocntrair and allpaine ghainsl the 

nl73>.. which we dispence therewith forever. 

Amiter* Given at .... ..the dayeof 

Dong. 8. yeareofGodsMtiethrettee-fourreare*. 

rae&yan Glasgow, TfuoUABks, Da. EDbNa> 

itonurse JO' KoMh, Tnoa. Brechin, Rot 

TaOD."^ SPOTHWOODE. J. TtHOMAS HOFC, jAtii 

Bora 84tb May 1711, O. S.'or ft June Cabmichael." 

lut ITRl. 5. Benjamin, alio married out ef the Jewish nation, and 
numerous issue. 6. Esther, married David Uendes da Cosca of 

A a numerous issue, and died at Amsterdam 'in July I7SS, 7. 

.nd had issue'j died about I'Bl. S,5eporah, abjured, and died in 1781. 

rah his neice, daughter to.the Baron Suassa of the Ua^e, where 

ng one daughter named Sarah. 

nies Mendes, second son of Dr. Mendes, and had issue : I . MoMi. t. 
or Leonora, married her cousin Moses, oIkm Lewis MeadeSjjunr. 

'emando^endes men primo I6T5. Married a lady of the name of 
ved his wife's portion in Jan. 1678. He bought for his wedding X 

idosdeal gr. para o meio dospendejites 701. 4 do.dea SJ gr. para ot 

lados 80J. 3 do. dea SJ gr. para buio 40/. 4 do. dea 4 gr. para a redor 301. Ouro ' 
feitio et caiia7J. I5i, Pur 4 platilhos de plata que cle» as erignca de MarqueilU. 
13(1 in all 337'. It- Luis Henriques da Costa sent Dr.Mendes (by Atvaro^ Coau) 
on 1^ marriage, two candlesticka, snuffers, and pan, weighing 13! oa. — 3B/. l&i. 
'He came tg this country V5 Oct. Ifi69, aod was appointed physician to Cbariet II. 
The Doctor and Alvani kept eoachea in January i4tB-9. He died 1735. 

( Tbf words distinguished by inverted comuat app«ar to b« cej^ed by Da CMta 
fnna sogie mcinoraaduia made by hii father. 



.iei2.] 77^ Bagpipe f-^Scarc^ of Br^ad obtnatci. * ^ «* 

Mr. UmBAH, Dec. 2. When Wine is become to eicei- 

AFTER reading tbe following dis- iivcly dear, it is doubly h«rd to pay 
ticu IB one of Mr. Scott's popular so large a sura for a bottle of it, and 
poems, I was <iurprized to find a note to be cheated out of half oftiM qaaft- 
«zplaiuingthattbecli//nleri8the <fron«f tily into the bargain*' 
of the antieut instrument the Bagpipe: The Decanters and Biaek BoUlet 
*« And mark the gaudy streainers flow should be gauged and marked before 

From their lou'l chanters down," &c. . they are suflfered to be carried iNit <yf 

Hitherto, I hare always considered the Glass-houne, and a penalty of <ftOf* 
the chanter to be the small pipe a day imposed on. any persoo who 
which produces the raeJody, and toe sold by an ungaa«^ed Bottle orDec»»» 
drone to be the long pipe, producing ter after six months from the passing 
one unvarying bass-note. The French of the Act. 

use the word chanterelle to denote I recommend tbis measure to Mr. 
that string of the yioKu, and simi- Sheridan i having an estate not as 
lar ioitrumenti, which produces the hundred miles from Ilchester. 
highest sounds ; and 1 have bo doubt, Yours, &c. Am BiiGLiSHMAfi. 

from what I have read concerning i m 

this ^ mu8ie4ool,'* that Mr* Scott% Tbb Scarcity or Bread. 

Bote is erroneous. k % the apprehended Scarcity] of 

If the practice of giving as annual xTL Bread is a subject which roust 

£rize to the best performer on the press on every reflecting mind, per<> 
agpipe, still continued in any part mit me to lay before your Readers th^ 
of Scotland? 1 1 is said that* fbnnerly, methods adopted by a family wllji 
iluere was a kind of college where whom I am intimately acquaioted. - 
the Highland-pipe was taught, to the 1. They mak£ a distinction be- 
Isle of Skye, usmg pins stuck in the tween tiie Bread consumed by the 
{T^roimd, instead of musical notes. The Family and (he Servants : that for 
compass of the Bagpipe is three the Family being baked in tins* as 
octaves. A Bodorgan. the Servauts cannut then lay their 

m own profmston on the Parlour. 

Mr. Urb4V, Dec* S« 2. They never suft'er a loaf to bo 

ALLOW me to recommend the cut until after the second or third 
following means of obviating day of baking; for, when eaten iitfi»» 
Scarcity of Corn in future, and ren- the coni^imptioii is greater, and much^ 
dering ourselves truly independent, waste is occasioned. 
and no more obliged to bend con- 3, No toast is permitted i for thei 
temptibly to the Americans, as we $ame portion cut into bread-and-but' 
have now donei instead of declaring ter goes oneAfiird farther. 
War against them a twdvemoBth 4. No rolls, French bread, or muf* 
ago, as our hooour imperiously called fins ; as all these are needUiMS inccm 
upon us to do* Having tarnished the lives to appetite. 
national character by our late shop- 5. No more cut for dinner than 
keeper-like mode, of proceeding, let /absolutely requisite i for which oqo 
va take early steps to obviate the ne- piecp, half aa inch thick, of a rouad 
cessitj of suffering the voice of In- cut in four, ,wiH be found suffident 
terest to drown the voice of Honour, for each. By this means all braken 
The thing is easy : we have only to yiteces are prevented. 
' offer a bounty on Irish-grown wheat ; 6. No flour used in pies and pud* 
and in a few years they would not dings % for which rice, yariousty pre- 
Iluow what a nog was, nor we to fear pared, will prove an excellent subsiir 
a scarcity. The millions that are now tute. 

fent to the North of Europe, America, Thus, by these few simple rules, 
and even to Fraoee, would render all waste and unnecessary consume* 
Ireland the Granary of England, tion are prevented ; nor do they con- 
vrould enrich her Farroe;rs, emjtloy tain any great deprivations: and if 
her Poor, and in the coune of fifty every famOy would pursue soro^ simi->- 
jears completely change the face of lar plan, it might greatly conduce to 
the country, audi the manners and alleviate the dreaded calamity, and, 
politicks of the inhabitants, Irish- by thus retrenching the superftuittee 
men would be happy, and Englishmen of the rich, seasonably relieve tha 
no longer obliged to act unworthy !•'"' prising necessities of the poor« - 
Iheircharacters for a morsel of bread! Yours, &c» Teja^SHAffcur* 

Gent. Maa. January^ H\%, Jjif* 



46 Dr. ieWs Sy^ qf^Educatim.--** Memoir^ Mr. Fox/' ' [*»., 



- Mr. UftBAit, - Oci.t2. 

THE system of education reroiii- 
meaded by Dr. Bell, aod so 
iriii^j diflbinrt tbrongh the extraor- 
dinary exertion* of Jo8e|>fa Lancaster, 
if adopted Ibexrery town and Tillage 
Ja tbe.Uuiled Kingdom, as it proha> 
'kij soon will, in the course; of a tew 
Jim09 a chil4 of seven years of age 
ihai can peitber write nor read^ will 
lie «i rare as tl learned pig. 
.^ This tfstem has been long known 
and acted upon in India, as appears 
bj.thefiillowing extract from a cu- 
jrious work printed in London in 1665. 
•• The Travels of Sig. Ptetro della 
VaUr, a noble Roman, into East In- 
dia and Arabia Deserta.** 

•• Letter V. . 
. ". Fromllikcrk November 22, 1623; 
. ** Ascending the Gauts of Hindoston, 
which he describes as superior to the 
'Appennines of Italy in natural beauties, 
he arrives at a * Fortress sometime 
'called G<arieota, but now Gavarada 
Nagharj near i*hich is a Temple of 
Hainant In the porch of the Temple,' 
iays be, * I entertained myself, behold- 
ing little boys teaming Arithmetic after 
•a strange manner, which I will here 
;felale.. 

** They were four; and having all 
taken th^ same lesson from the Master, 
to get that same by heart, and repeat 
likewise their former lessons and not for- 
'get them : one of tnem singing musically 
with a certain continued tone, (which 
bath the force of making deep impres- 
sion in the memor}') recited part of the 
'lesson; as, for example, one by itself 
makes one; and whilst be was thus 
'speaking, he writ down the same iium- 
ber, not with any j^ind of pen nor 
in paper, but (not to spend paper in 
ivaki) with his finger on the ground, 
the pavement being for that purpose 
^Aftrewed all over' with very fine sand ; 
J alter the first had writ what he sung, all 
«.the r«st sung and writ down the same 
thing together. Then the first boy 
. aung and writ d^MTU another part of the 
' lesson; asy for example^ two by itself 
two make two; which t^l the rest re- 
' peated in the same manrier, and so) for- 
ward in order. When the pavement 
was full of figures, they put them out 
with the band, and, if need wei^ strewed 
It with new sand from a little b^ap 
which they bad before them wherewith 
to write further ; -and thus they did' as 
• long as tbe exercise continued ; in which 
snaoner, likewise, they told me, they 
. teamed to read and write without spoit- 
iiig4^p«r, pens, or ink | which eertainly 
^ a pretty way. 



« I asked them, if they bap^enM t< 
forget or be mistaken Iki any part of th* 
lesson, who corrected and taught tbem* 
they being all scholars without, the as- 
sistance of any master; they answered 
me, and said true, that it was not possi- 
ble for all four of them to forget or mis- 
take in the same part, and that they 
thus exercised together, to the end that* 
if one happened to be* out, the otherr 
might corr<;ct hnii. * Indeed a prctiy^ 
easy, * and secupc way of learning.** 

Forty Etc^r. 



Mr.UaBAW, Oct 22. 

TUB readiness with which jM 
inserted a few observahoha 
whkh i sent you tome years ago, 
revive to the state of the toiled 
Provinces, makes me take the li* 
beriy of addressing t mi againr, i« 
consequence of the l4>tfowiDg t>aiM&e 
in Mr. Trotter's ** Memoirs of the 
Latter Years of Mr. Fox,*' p. 121. * 
'' It is a long sandy be^oh at Scheveiw 
ing. Here the Stadhoider.embariied when 
be flad. I believe H;ollandsu^red nothing 
from hi^ abdication ; bi\t whitn I stoo4 
on the shore, 1 could not refrain from 
despising tbe man who flies when his 
Country is in danger j unless it be that 
he has governed it ill^ and fears the just 
resentment of his Countrymen, I should 
have been glad to have assisted him Into 
his boat : 1 have no (Compassion for suf- 
fiiring royalty where its o^n crimes and 
misdemeancbrs bring' exile, Or ftight, 
U)H>n its bead; least of aU shouM I baye 
at for a. person who governed th^ D^Cb 
ill; a people so ei3erl3B, ao moral, 'to 
r^ular. Whose domestic life is an ex- 
ample for GovcfQmeiit* and if followed 
. nmst ensure succf f s, vety little deserved 
to be treated by any sQrt of mal>admi- 
nistrations, whethejr touching. ai|)UrA 
abroad or at home. 1 canno^ cpnceive 
that a g^d nian could have o<;cs^iop to 
fly fr'om such a nation; if a^}}ad one 
felt that it was expedient' and Mcessary 
to depart, there Seemed' aifi acquittance 
between b*tb parties, and the Wad of 
tbe GdVei^nHent to obtain a' i^a»6n'Abla 
■aiasure of lenity." 

Tb€ Author, in my bntnMe 6pi^ 
nion, Aieaui to Itlsiiltiate, that uit 
Stttdholder deserted hii poslwbeiibi 
danger I ind ttiai bis administralioB 
was tyraimkftl. Thii im^ fa^fk^ta 
being tbe cise« In the fitttf ^Itee, 
the &Mlbokler, who in facC i^i 6illr 
the first great Officer of State^ and 
not the SoTcreign, did iiotieaveiht 
Hi^ue till the Cdemy was witbiiT a 
leir bonrt* niicck at tbai illacc> and 

tbH 



Ml^] Princes ff Ofingd inndicafetL'^ASaUor^s Humanity, f 1^ 



ttet mil :lk|oe of «fl^ttia] ranstance 
wlu at ad '«iid« Had he remained,' 
lie and bif fkmilj WoiHd probably 
baiFe been tent pri«6'i^i*^ to P^riS) 
and ended tlldr llve»'in capttvitj. 
To' n^^id soch a ftlfe, wits einftainfy 
TerV desiraliie ; ind Ihe' proof thiit 
his »t|>;6ne8s'8 cOnddct was approved 
ot in ebis Country was sh^wn la th6 
hot^able reception He ftnd his fn*^ 
iniij met with in this country in ge- 
nera)^ and- particular! J from onr 
most ' gracious Sovereign, and all 
ibe branches of the Jftof al Family. 
Corapaafon for the raiMortunes of 
•titers it a prittcipleiniplknted in the 
. toiban bi^ast, although tbej may 
be brought on by foRy; and this 
principle lias been nobly acted upon 
in this Country, whiten has always 
held out'ahelpmgfai^nd t6 all those 
in wnnt of her 'assistance. 

Secondiy, the Sfadholders, §o far 
finora incroaching upon the liberties 
6f the people, were its protectors, 
kj rctti^tnhig the powers of the 
Aristocracy, lOid beino^ a barrier to 
fiieaDcroachments which the Artlto- 
«rats were conlinually making; which 
is ftilly proved iii the history of the 
United Provinceii. The Princes of 
fhe ^nse of Orange were the zealous 
defenders of the liberties of their 
eountry against the tyranny of Spain, 
ttU its independence • was acknow- 
ledged by tlie Peace of Munsler in 
IMS', ami since fhat time against 
Ibe encroachments of France, not 
only upon ibe liberties of the Dutch, 
but of alt other States. Of this the 
Author's Countrymen are fully sensi- 
ble, by the respect in which they hold 
the memory of King William. The 
late Utadholdec was no Soldier. His 
Son Frederick gave every promise 
of becoming a great General at the 
time 4it bis death at au^ ^rly age. 
Ais Grandson has begun his niilitary 
caf-eer, onoer the greatest Generals 
^MMCh this count r)^ has produced; 
and bids fbir' to become a deserving 
'Aieraber ct the Hlustrioos Bonse of 
ikraii^. » - 

Yonri, &c. Scorns. 

Mr^ UmBAir, SurJUet^ Dec, 4. 

YOUR Icind inseirtonof an anec- 
dote resneiftiiiig the humanity of 
1^ British SaHOf, now deceased (see 
YqL LXXXI. Part ii. page 434), in- 
ddccs in^.td send you a further e'x- 
"ttact ftoiH^ ibe sMose unpnblish<id 



Journal » exhibiting an instanee of 
. generoUs intrepidity, which lifts been 
seldom equalled, and, I thinks ndv«# 
eiceeded. 

Yours, &C. S. Blsoale^ ^ 

" On our passage from Xisboh 'to 

Virginia in the Sally and Kitty, Caj^ 

tjiin C , we experienced a sUccet* 

sioD of bad weather. One eveninff 
about seven o*clock, I being atth« 
iielin heard a voice, apparently rh» 
ing out of the sea, calling ^e bv 
name. ' Surprised, 1 ran to the shtp^ 
side, and Siiw Richard Pallant; « 
youth, in the water going abterns 
Immediately I called ftll hands. Xh« 
Captain, though'a roan of approved 
rcsoldtion, wa^ quite tonfouwded«l 
the boy's danger: as hisfrfcodfi v#he 
were people of prop^ty at Ipswicbj 
had trusted him the voyage, eon* 

fiding in C 's protection and card^ 

He ran backwaras and forwards not 
knowing what to do, exclaiming that 
the boy must perish ; as the Mf 
drove apace from him before tm 
swell, which was so monntailiodstbat 
he durst not hoiiit out tbe boat. - * 
*' As no measures were bflfered to 
be taken for the pre%ertation' «f 4bd 
boy, though not at this' time abovd 
a hundred yardii from the viessel ; i 
mentioned the possibility of swirarafing 
to him with the end of the doep>sea 
leadline, which would serve to haul, 
him, and the man who swam' to him, 
aboard, ^he Captain, mad* at « 
proposal whic^ he thought too dan^ 
gerous to be attempted, cursed mb 
in a rase, exclaiming, ' Who wookl 
be mad endugh to go P Ptqned «t 
his answer, aAd t^ger for the boy^d 
safety, 1 proffei'ed myself to go, and 
Was immediately relieved at the* helni 
by an American beyond doinparisoil 
the best swiiiimer on board; 

*Mt was no time to detiberate. 1 
stript in a moment, and dappine; the 
line round my bodv, plunged from 
tbe ship's side into the sea. s:The line 
was new and stiflf; so that, not draw- ' 
tng close round me, I swdm through 
h^ but, catching it as it alipt over 
toy feet, I secumiit by putting my 
h^d and one "arm throtish the noose. 
£rc I had swSh! far, the line on l>oard 
^ettmg foul checked me suddenly, and 
pulledme backwards underwater.' f 
soon recovered my Heif; and strove to 
proceed. During ibis they on board, 
endeavouring in vain to clear the line,* 
cut some parts that Were entangled, 

lo 



SkUftssful Jnirepiiity eftL Btktsb A»ln-« 



18 

to fret tbe reit ; awl, m Uieir borrj, 
csttmc the wro»|; ^rt, let about 
kalf ike eml dnve overboard, lear- 
ieg roe adrift wiln it fait roond mj 
•eck« Hsmediately tbej called to 
Me to retari^i but, tbe booming of 
tbe wavet prerentiDf my underitaed- 
isf tbem, 1 tboii|;bt tbej were only 
atriTioi^ to caei»arage roe i and there* 
le«e» fboiitiiiff eheerini^lj a^^ain to 
•bew roy eonMence, iwam forwardi* 

** IfcaiTHig, at I ^entrd, eome near 
the ^aee where the bo^ waif 1 looked 
■ouiidi audi aot feeing him, waa 
ttfraid he bad gone down t but mount* 
lag the aezt wat e, 1 saw him in tbe 
boUow t and ah noting down the de* 
clifity, hailed him, and fonnd him 
yet feaaible, but Jait sinking. 1 
gaTe htm my hand, eamettly be- 
•eeehing htm nivt to grapple my bo- 
dy I and thea called out to those on 
board to haul in, not knowing that 
the line was cut On turning round, 
ittd- facing the shipi my heart sunk 
witbia me* to tee the distance she was 
at« As the vessel drove fast before 
theseaf whilst 1 was swimming slow- 
Iv the other way, i»he wa^ now more 
tiban a quarter of a mile from us i ao 
thatf knowing the line could not reach 
ao f^rf I found I must be adrift. 

«' All the horrors of my situation 
riMhed on n^e at once, and 1 thought 
death inevitable, but still struggled 
bard for life* Whilst 1 was swim- 
aiiog forwards* the rope being kept 
alanting in tbe water, I felt not half 
its weight i hut now it incom^no^ed 
me extremely,, when 1 remained aU 
inoiit stationary, encumbered with 
the bott The waves too» which, 
whilst I breasted and saw the ap- 
proach of, 1 easily mounted, now 
foiling behind us broke deep over 
our heads, burying us under them 
vrlth irresistible fury. 1 strove hard 
to disengage m>self from the line i 
but, the noeie being jammed behind 
my shoulder, and one hand holding 
the boy, 1 eoaM not eftect it. 

*' When lh<- line was cut, they on 
board strove with all expedition to 
hoi^t out ibe boat i for, though the 
Captain had htintated to do it at first, 
wlHitt only one was ovei board, yet 
tow thai another, b> a voluntary ef- 
fort for the hoy's preservation, must 
bave been gi«en up to hopeless de* 
^tntctton, be resolved*, at any risk, 
to attempt to save us. ^oou after 
I wit turned towarda tbe abip, I saw 



[i 



them boiftiig out tbe bMti tbe «« 
terval from tlie cetliqg of Ibe lioe t^ 
this roooYeat having beea tpeat ia 
clearing her of tbe lumbcv- witb wbidb 
she was filled. At la«tsbe put oil* 
and I bad (be coasolatioa to see ber 
come ronod the sbip'a bow« Tb« 
height of tiie sea was considered ao 
very dangerous, that, opt of a whole 
British crew, but three were foaadl 
who durst venture in tbe boat; and, 
in the confusion, they came away with 
only two oars, and but three tbowla 
for these, and without either rodder 
or tiller. Under these disadvantages 
they pulled very slowly a^iast a 
moftt mountainous sw,el(, wbicb they 
were forced to tend with tbe utmost 
care and ikill, to prevent tbe boat*a 
being sunk by it. 

'' Encouraged by the sight of the 
efforts made for our preservatioo« 
I strove with the utmost exertion to 
keep above water until they came up; 
and endeavoured what little I could 
to meet them \ when, a sea breaking 
deeper than ordinary over us, ia 
striking eagerly to raise myself, I 
broke my hand from the boy's hold i 
upon which he grasped me round th^ 
loins, with my heacl downwards un- 
der his breast. Struck with the dread 
of instant fate, I struggled at my full 
exertion to disengage myself; but it 
was impossible. The fear of death, 
and almost the present pains of it^ 
reodered his grasp too strong to bd 
broken from. In this Iremblmg mo* 
ment, short as the interval must have 
been, a throng of ideas rushed witbr 
inconceivable rapidity into my mind. 
Futurity, with its joys and torments 
strongly contrasted, as 1 .Juddered on 
its very verge, was pictured in its 
most striking colours to my imagina* 
tlon. 

'* Finding ny struggling ineffec- 
tual, I had happily the presence of 
mind to sink myself, ana bi^aa to 
dive downwards, at the very moment 
when luy bosom, bursting witb bokl« 
ing my breath, so strongi) Impelled 
me to strive for the surface, to end 
the intolerable torture. My diving 
bad the desired eftrcti the boy, fiao- 
ing roe sinking, let go his bora, aad 
ro>e to tbe surface. I rose imrae> 
diatelv when disengaged, and drew 
breath. Another moment's delay bad 
sealed our destruction. 

*^ struck with horror at this bair« 
breadth escape, 1 began to swim singly 

towards 



1812.] Successful IfUtepiditjf of a British SaOor. 



2^ 



towardi the boat, which now wai with- 
hi two haodred jards of us, wheo the 
joutb, seeing himself abandoned, pi- 
teously cried out to. me for God's 
sake not to iea?e him. My own pre- 
ienration by making to the boat, op- 
posed to my almost certain fate if I 
returned, caused a momentary strog- 
^e in nay bosom ; and a serere one 
It was ; to all appearance the choice 
of life or death. Compassion, how- 
eyer* proTailed. Struck with bis in- . 
eiFitable destruction, I returned, and, 
ditching hold of him jnst sinking, I 
^^io gsive him my hand, chargipg 
him on his life not to grapple me any 
more, and renewed the arduous 
struggle to keep us both afloat until 
the boat came up ; for,' now utterly 
exhausted, we rose but at interYals to 
draw breath. 

** Eternal Godi how slowly the 
boat seemed to approach, and how 
inconCeivablv long appeared the drea- 
. ry time of ^tigue and terror which ' 
we spent in anxiously awniting itl 
£yery wave how broke over us, and 
we continued, though with the ut- 
most difficulty, to contend with our 
fate, till the boat came very near; 
when a mouotaraous wave, bursting 
with impetuous sweep, rolled us 
oyer. Our efforts to regain the light 
separated our hands, and 1 again telt 
myself clasped in the eager grasp of 
my companion. I had recourse to 
diying again ; but this did uut now 
io re^Iy procure my release. Spent 
and stunned with the shock, he per* 
ffeyert'd in retaininjr his hold, till, 
being able to hold my breath no 
longer, 1 drew in a full draught of 
water. I was stiH sensible of the ex- 
cessiye pain : it seemed as if my eii- 
trarls were burst by something forced 
down them. 

' ** He now, by some means, quitted 
me, and we both rose ; but ray senses 
wandered, the sky danced to my jtight, 
and 1 was sinking, when, by God*s 
mercy, the boat being now come up, 
one of the sailors caught hold of me, 
just as I was losing, for eyer in this 
life, the sight of day. Another seized 
the boy, who had suffered less during 
this last struggle than I had ; and we 
were dragged into the boat, where 
We lay in her bottom faint and ex- 
hausted. 

" Our brave presenrers exerted 
their utmost skill to regain the ship. 
This they with difficulty accomplish-. 



ed, and» getting aloi^sid«» ihe tossed 
with such yiomce that a #iagle stroke 
against theihipwo«ild have shattered 
the boat to pieces. The meOf having 
hooked, the tackle Io hoist her in, 
leaped <Hiboud I. but we, wbo were 
scarcely able to ataod« mutt have 
been crushed to pieces beiweea the 
boat and the ship, had we attempted 
it. We wiere tlierelbre obliged to 
remain lying ia the boat, awaiting 
the chance m their gettiaf ber in, or 
else of her being store by the sea, * 
or breaking from tbe.lacklo* in which 
case we yet should have suffered that 
fate which we had hitherto so proyi- 
dentially escaped. At length the sai- 
lors, with some damagr* got b^ on 
board, and, being taken out of ber, 
we were received with transport by 
our shipmates, who had despaired of 
ever seeing us a^ain* 

*' I had the hne now t^ken off* my 
neck, and fowd, (On j^joasuring it, 
that 1 had sustained the weight oC 
seventy yards during the whole time 
I was over board, it. was about half 
an.lnch round, being a common deep- 
sea lead line» All night 1 suffered 
most severely from tl^ water 1 had 
swallowed i and observed, , with ex- 
treme surprize, when I turned into 
my hauKuock,.that the agitation of 
my spirits prfveated my ei\joying 
that sleep which my fatigue, ren- 
dered so necessary I qor could 1 close 
an eye during the four hours of my 
watch below.*' 

V 

" Tbey that go down to the sea in 
shi])8, and oacapy thehr business in great 
waters ; these men see the works of the 
Lord; and his wonders in the deep/* 
PSahn cvii. 23 and S4. . 

Mr. UasAN, January 11. 

I HA V£ for many years been a con- 
stant Readier of your, valuable Mis- 
cellany; I prefer it to any^other pe- 
riodical publication, for several rea- 
sous, which I will not now states but 
chiefly because I often see in its pages 
the contributions of men, who love 
their native land, and who revere the 
institutions, ecclesia«lical and civil, 
which have bestowed so many bles»- 
ings OQ this happy country. Your 
fiicetious correspottdeot Aaron Bic-* 
kerstatfis belongs to ai^otber schooh 
I suspect be is a spy under the dis- 
guise of a deoerter from the enemy's 
c^mp. Were I permitted to state my . 
opinions freelj, 1 would say, tha*t 

the 



tlie le>vitj mwi ftlppAiiey offan* re- stance, with a. Tftnatioa hi tiie \^ 

markvittm it pmmMe that he for*' scriptiont. 

merly «erve<d*ni Ifae ranks of a North<^ - To the enquiring fi^re* 

ern eorpt^ and'thatbe hiat eaAistad* *< Madain, be pkasodKo tell who that 

fnyouT' rei^iment^ltb' the 'view of' iq^ bee 

tcdaeing hi»MiawftoMieMfra«vtheir That is so sweetly restjng on yonr k|i«a ; 

allegianee. To l»e vat y lorioos s Uw 5?* *° ''•P*^^^* "** "^^^ ^^^ yflnder three. 

ridiciiie, wiiich he hM ponred i>iitso. Th«^ comes dowfi from the Castell as 

pleniifully upon Feliowt of Collej^ef , l^^ ^^^* 

10 at best indeoont/ Men who are^ Th^aoswert 

aequatnted wtUi either of ^ our Uni- " The first «^ Brother is by, Father's, 

Torsities know, that there is tio €oU _<- wde, ^, , , ^ , , , 

lire in either of those wnerableSeats ^"^ »^^*»y Motber^s not to bee denydci. 

of Learning, which cannot boasi of» % J^^ W o^ae Sonn is by marnage, 

«en highly rcn»eeUWe for Ihei And alf three Sonnes to tjiis self-same. 

sad learning. Yonr witty Corro-' Knyffh,t.\" • • . ^ 

•pondent knows- Kttle eif Oxibrd, or- • _ j ^ '" . ,, , . , . 

Abridge. If he had ew resided* , I |uiaer/^nd.thehx>use>a* changed, 

»day in either of those Unrvewifties, '^"•- . If flny g^leman has the. 

hcMmiflt hare known, that Fellows of ^^^^^ jwctijre, I should be giad to^ 

OoHeges attend the puWfe prayers- in p"»g ^*>« *^V together, as I thn* 

the c&apel twice ewyd^, not once a. ^bty pas^s iplerwt enoud) to be 

weekoD«y,ashewouaha^eusbelieve fJ^P*^?' I am greatly inclmed to think 

(kst yoK p. dai-.) FeUowshipa nre ^^^^ ^^^r^^ it, as this curious cir. 

generally the well*eamed rewards of cumstanc^ h^ employed the pencila, 

distingnished men, wiro have raeitted- of .^vo emmcpt jjrtisls, and offera 

by th«r learning, or th«r proficiency 1 «^ loteresl^g. a picUire of E^hsh. 

in iheMathematia, asweliasby the "janners at tje, period, which, Icott-. 

regularity of their Kycsv the highest ^^f!^« ^'J*^ ^*^« coHume, must ^^ 

h<Sionrs which the Society, of which Elizabethan, contaimi?g ifi^ws of 

they are members, can bestow. Some Hun«don Castle, &c. And at the. 

of the brightest ornmiients of the wme time I shaU b^ much obliged 

learned professions are,^r ha^f e been, f<^"^ informalion where it is likely, or 

Bellows of Colleges. I owe it, per- "} what faipil?, it migbt have taken 

haps, to my ow? impartiality, to as. P'^cc. I am induct to think it was 

sure you, that I never had the ho- 1? **>« *'»*1*^»' f?"'*? ""^ ^^^ ^""l^f ^^ 

now of being a Fellow of a College GcUton, by Hunsdon ; but this is, 

myself s but I haVe a very high r^ "»«f5 conjecture, and* unless by mere 

spect for many who are so ; because accident, I fear there will be little ex- 

I see among 4em some of the best peclation of pommg at the particulars 

and most l&med men, «f whojn this ^^ these pictures 5 ^n<) that, unless it 15 

4ige can boast. recorded, enquiry on the ?p(it wo^ild 

You will obligo ne by insert'mg in ^ v*^ »«tllc qr no ajaU. fiyis. 

yonr next number this humble at- ^ ^ _ 

tempt to TiAdicate the character of .**/• y*'^"* . .,. •^''".- '?* 

an c^ of men, who did not merit 1 ^E^D you herewith a copy of ap, 

the contempt of Aaron Bkberstaft * an««^ttt Will of a Husbandman, 

Years, &c Oswalo. who resided at Chertsey in the reign 

" P.S. Boys edueated at Wetlmin- «if>«°? Henry the Eighth. Jf yoa. 

iter School ne^er become Fellows of *bm*^ it worthy a place m jour Mis- 

Klng's College, eambridge. The Fel- ^c^^**?* ,^»»»^^ .?^^«" ^^PJ?^ ^"^l"^' 

low? of KiVs are a? from Eton "icnt to the antiquary, it is much at 

SchooL Seep, 686 •f yonr number yourserTice. 

for Deeemberr ^ CowsTAfix Reaokr. 

- -«« In th^ name of God, Amen. The 

1*- fT««* - , r— iQ 2d day of August the yere of our Lord 

•wwTili fi k* 1^ J^^ii- r^ Qod Mcccccxix, and in the xithyere 

▼ ▼ of a carlmif doroe^ic circom- , j^j,„ Le^^ ^^ tj,e parislie of Chertesey, 

stance, that was noticed m the Gen- i„ ^jje countie of Surr*, hole of mynde 

tieman's Mi^asine abont nitieteen and fresshe of remembr«Mice» thaiik^ 

years back, at the New Inn, Epping } be God, howe l>e it seke and febill of 

1 hate a ptctonMyf the jasie ^iteui^ body, .make ocd^yna this iny iHestnt 

^ - ' ^ Testament 



)k^\a.]W%U^fa*JBUski>Mimyl5i9,^Dr.Sk St 



ytif^t flirsty I btqoech BiyfOiiletoOodlk 
t<» oar blesfedljuly S^Bt Maryw ^^d to 
ml( the holy Comoany of Hetyp, ^d my 
body to be burid in the C&ifcbe verde 
of tbe Monaster}' of Cheitesey. Item, 
I ^ve and bequeth to the Mother 
Cburche of Winchest' i\d, and to the 
hi^h Auter of my Parisshe Cburche of 
Cheitesey vid. Item, I ^eve and bequeth 
to Isabell, my eldc*st dougfater, my 
^ttisf bhiss« Fott Mid mjrgi^ttpt Cal- 
droHe. Item, to her sister Jtfne, a 
Ketill and a Caldrone. Itttm, to Isabell, 
ny best PMne, and her sister the other. 
Item, to Is&beU ^Oxen, and to her 
sister the tbicd. ftem, to Isabel! iiii 
Keyne, and t^ her sister iiu Item, to 
my *i Ooddau^hteiv, 9 Calves, and the 
third to Isabell, my daughter. Item, 
to the aaide Isabell a Bullok, and to her 
lister annother, and the third 1 gevt 
'Smd bequeth to th^ Parisshe Cburche 
ofChertesey. Item, I Hill that all my 
y Porkers be sold, and the money be- 
iitowed for the Welth of my soule. Item, 
I make and orfl«fyn habdl my daU^^hter, 
-my isoi^le ekecutrix of this myi last Will, 
with the dtersy^ht of Harry Wjtfner, to 
wh6tne also 1 gev0 and becpnetb'fore fais 
labor in this behalf Tu. Tinrf. The re« 
sidue of alltny^;oods«)ot'geT^n norbe- 
i|uetbed, I wiU to be di^ded between 
n^ two DauglitefV, so that the foresalde 
Isabel!, my eldest daughter, hare of 
ev'ry thyn^ two parts, and ber sister 
th^ third, to se ,my Dett^ paide, and 
do for my Soule as tbey thyuk best. 
*irhes belying witness, Hicbard Alwode, 
Preste, my Gostly Pather, Nicholas 
'Snosmer, with many oth'er more.*' 

■ Mr. Urba pf , ' Bdlh^ San^ 5. 

'TTAVinG already trespassed p^r- 
XX haps (do much on your valu- 
able' pages, I ghtili, fbr the present, 
'ware ^he pritllege to which 1 am en- 
titled, of showing by 'Quotations from 
^ages 19, 19, 20, 21,^atid S2, of my 
introduction to the Examination of 
'the inteiiial Evidence respecting the 
AntlqniW of Roi^lej/^s Fodms, that 
Chattemn*s claim to the composi- 
tion of tTiem is not 'only affected, but 
dearly inadmissible. Those readers 
'of the Gentlemah's Magazine who 
'feel interested in the inquiry, may 
there find Mr. Warton's objection to 
'the mention of a transaction of the 
time passed in the present tense, to 
'be fbtile and erroneous ;' and Row- 
ley's use of that figure of speech m 
the remarkable line, ♦* Rychafde of 
" lyons Hirte to fyghte U gmj' to 'be 
ftrftctl/ Tvnmt^t with* the practice 



of our best eiHieit' atlbenk ' It will 
there aism appear, that Che^Mme cri<> 
tkk*s repirdbatioe ef Ibe oompoiaid 
epithel of the Bto>spedUe Wywge, 
*«'Tbe fletMdfOwlett fillips herr ev^ 



wynfe," 

ft equally 4H*fauflided i thht beieg e 
os>rrect and 'beautiful antieot eaprei^ 
sitNHof the Iruenieannig end pro- 
priety ♦f'wilieh Themai GhaMerton^ 
with all hit ingeMiity, wato0M]rfetely 
Ignonmt. 

Were i totrovble you wain with 
quotatitHis from earlier eibtiouf ef 
Chaucer, aud from ether anticut 
writers, Iceeld fill several of your 
desely printed columns-with instaoeca 
of the singular verb iMh the phirai 
termiaatiif>n in m ; but I Matter mysdf 
that my remarks en Mr. Jamieson'a 
▼afcmble Btymold^cal Dlctioeary will 
be more- acceptable *. I have thrown 
down thegaundet i and every 'futare 
Dli(|ectien, ifadvlmced **$uu9Uer im 
n^ode^'*^ let it be as much impreguated 
with^ the/o Wlfffr tii r#as it may, will, 
at the eonoKision of my remarks oq 
Mr. Jamteson's Dictionary, obtem 
attention; but I -wish every 'future 
critick, who may be disposed to draw 
his anonymott* quill upes ase, would 
take the trouble to' *perttse the mvtte 
to my publieatioa, "AHorum d^v 
fAttttt vidimus et correxiniasi alius 
•noAra vidtebtC et emeiidalnt. Uuod 
aeiqno animo passu ri suimis^ raodo id 
<;uni- nHjfdestia fiat atque amore v»* 
Tritatif, non obtreetandi studio.** • If 
I commit myself by an infring^ement 
of its ^ntiments in any part ef the 
present controversy, or in my re- 
marks on any part of the BtyMologi-.. 
cal Drttronary , I ask no favour at we 
hands of those who may differ from 
me in opinion. John Suka^aw* 



Mr. CfRBAfr^ 



Mj&tcwt^fit 91. 



IN June 1801, page 581, B. A. P. 
' bbligtngty ofiers, in case tny' wish 

' it not soon gratified by some other 
tsdn^poddent, to furnish you with a. 
•drawhig of the Free School aft Stam- 

'ford. As an engraving has not yet 
app^ried of that antieut building, X 
again request an accurate drawing of 

- it in its present state ; andtdse adraw- 

' ing of tolmworth Church, Bedford- 
shire, aAd of the beautiful Monumeilt 
of Sir Lodovick I>yer; ereefted in the 
Chancel. W. F-*— w. 



i*i««i 



* We think it high time to #fu/ the 
' aoiittdvtrsy.' EwT. 

HsuaT 



%2 J^CtLTtev on Conir€V€rsyr<spectmgUenTyyi.Vs Chapel. [Jao. 

HmaY Vlllb'i Chafbi. 1 ihtW never S»ve op thai d*rge, at 

(C^fUinuei frnm IXXXI. ii. p. 4lg.) they *re plcaiicd to call it. If I 

A S the AWc Writer, in hit paper caonol read my ^rawmg, I can ho^. 

A of la«tmoiith,p-5l3, hat laidhim. ever read Spdman'a HUtory of Sacri- 

■elf open, and expoKsd hk weak tide, lege, ai he terms the demolition and 

bv ruhninir on with hit obtUaate de- alteration of Churchetm tlie sixtcenlh 

iifalt,pa!plblemii»lake«,aiid«ifi^iteiKal eent«ry, and ponder upon all the 

c^f^oM ; I in juitice to the inform- fotal ends and fearful d isaslers that he 

OmieiwuuBj L J * . ..^«r*l. who rannnt lint ad* 



ation dae ifroia me to the pubiick« 

am bound to take notice thereof; 

which notice thall be in at concite a 

mode as possible; observing alto that 

I am preparing a paper on the new 

^ulptures, in continuation, to be 

eiTcn in proper time and order. 
Jble fVrUer, " DignUy of a 

DttLu;' ^c.^Jphn Carter. So, to, 

a Dean at la«t ! 1 nowhere mentioned 

toch a Dignitary, r- Well, well, be it 

^o. A.lV.^l am engaged as the 

defender «f an Artist mott injunoutly 

persecoted, . traduced, *' &c. J* C. 

Who traducet me? who debases my 

abititietto the lowestebb of contempt? 
But my cause is that of our Antiqui- 
tiet^ BO let them cast out their venom. 
J. if. »• I am tired of this butinest, 

Mr. Urban t vou would do right to „ ,- «. 

dismiss ut both." J:C. Who doubts dretsmysclftoan*«B«H,"ora"pea», 
theAble W riter, consider mg the great 1 may dare to encounter a shadow, 
r.^^i»« he meets with by tliis bis de- a twilight two yeHrs' creation of 
fS ^!^ - Kal Working ClerkeSwell. - WhVs afraid ?" What • 

DrawiDffs." " I call this charge a am I to be scared and turned aside 

falseho^," &c. J. C The Master from the nobl^ catise I uphold, by 
Workman did make that boast to roe $ threats? How comes it about my 



there records. Who cannot but ad» 
mire the forecast and sagacity shewn 
in bringing forward the engraving, p. 
513, of the lower parapet of King's 
College Chapel, at tuch a tpecimen* 
with that of the upper parapet from 
Loggan in my plate P;. 417, have, both 
the very obtuse kind of battlement 
teen in Bpeed, Hollar, King, Strype, 
and Dart't views, though, at I before 
observed, rudely drawn, and which I 
maintain should have been done a^ 
Westminster. Observe the very hum- 
ble excuse, or, as the Able Writer has 
elegantly expressed it, " shuffled-ofT** 
pretence, *' It was copied »ic?ar/y,and 
dfffert from it," &c. The Able U riter 
tayt he Is not an Architect i the look- 
ing over his defence sufficiently provea 
his assertion ; and surely, if I dare "ad- 



here 1 am ready again to accompany 
him to Marlborough-slreet. A. fV, 
** Iron cramps were found in partt 
of the Chapel and the Centre Tower 
i»f t^ Church." J. C. The first shift 
anight be retorted to, in some casual 
jnodern repairs of the Chapel; but the 
latter piece-patch job was a well* 
Upown work of Sir C. Wren, who 
built the upper part of the said Tower 



Westminster friends cannot find in 
their hearts to •« lash^' me, but must 
give me over to some more revengiph 
ful hands, if they can find them?— I 
must still use the designation "Miitter 
Workman,'' which I think an honour* 
able distinction for the man, whin 
antient employs are adverted to : an^l 
with regard to no one being found to 
" employ me at an Architect,** where 



Now who IS " ignorant,'* or guilty of does the fault he ? Hark, I pra>.-^ 

*« misrepresentation** ? Having for I cannot, when applied to, to prepare 

these thirtf years past constantly vi- designs, consent Id destroy or alter 

sited, examined, and dr:iwn from mott antient edifices. I cannot be ti eat 

4if our principal antient structuret when told by torte people to let ^ 

minout or oiherwise j I once more intended repair of such or such a 

atsert. that 1 never yet discovered the Chapel escape my strictures; for. m 

least appearance of cramp or plug- nothing raoderp, they continue, cap 

'hblet. The old Matter Workmen were come up to my idea of perfection, 

ID possession of 80crel$ that enabled there always must be an opportunity 

them to hold their ma$onrp together, for ray animadversions. And 1 c^n- 

llithout retorting to such ineffectual not conclude this paper without la- 

means at •>•« *ccfiri7i« 5 and while quiring. Is ray Father's drawing 

1 have aiet to tee. antient examples passed by, the heads of the new com- 

in respect to Vanes, and common partments forgot, or the specimen in- 

■SnsTto be assured soeb oWecU made citations barred up, until suspicion is 

the finish of the TurreU of tW Chapel, lulled asleep? (Seep. 411.) J. ^^a"*- 



; 



M 



1-8I2.J '&\iae^s Patent -Cooking Apparatui. i 5S 

Mr. Urbaii, Jan.i. onl^ of Ifae best coal8--\Iie fire beiiup 

THE HontU^ HagaKioe for 9t~ Do larger than is rcquji-ed' to boS 
ccmbar-iKU'iaggiven an account, a kettleonaucepan of th6 camiDOO 
uniler the bead of " Neir l>ateiitj," lize. This amBll fire hcati tbe ftir 
of Mr. Slater'i mactnne, whiti] I fear liaiiins; rap id Ij tb rough' Ihe lube* 
irill Dot qaito tatiif; iti Witder«[ I into the roaster, so as to froth aLd 
bavetaken tbe libert; ef Kudiag j'oii brown the meat deliciouil; j and tbli 
a plate, with a more aiinute deicrlp- constant accession of hut air com. 
tioa of this Tatuable iiuprovement plelelj purifies the roaster, and en- 
jo I4ia culinarj art. (See Kiite lit.) tirelf preveats that disagreeable smell 

Tbe plate ^es the elevatinu of and flavour experienced in other par 

twv tif these apj)Bratuse), the one tcnl machines. So free indeed is tliii 

faavine', in addition, a hot cioset K, apparatus from any lendeac,T to smell, 

hi which dishes, prepared for the ta- tint standing in the kilcheq it would 

ble, arc deposited, while others ate be impossible to uscertaiii whether 

in preparation. This clbsetU heated the machine were xctiiallv in use. 

bj the saiue &i:e i au'd before it is re- The fire under the boiler A will op^ 

quired for the above purpose, it tiotially^ boil or sleara the various 

tnisht ~ -.-.-_ j.^^^ vessels it contains; and these t esse It 

portr; en, or are so formed, that, if the family oe 

OoLter, uients, tompany nre not ready, the diu|ie( 

diSbrii zes to. may wail for an hourt and, tbougli 

HHt it iif l|)e nearlf prepared fur tabit, the whnia 

tevera cook- remain for this ))eriod of tiipe, yeC 

et. f as the lose nothiag of its etieutial relish. 

case n :rpur- A double onur has also been inirt^ 

pofe, i usual duced, at a distance of seyerai ioche* 

waj I ent of apart, though opening by thi; tarn* 

pnreb '<'u^h, lalch by which the fire is coo6n«d, 

bjmei foivlis »nd the. exterior door kept cool.' 

roaste and ia, Kor is. the cook exposed to any dan. 

a muc other {(er frum this roacbiiK, as in onliuarj 

plant B firo-, methods of cooking. 

place, le pass 'Hiis apparatus u so simple at to 

tfarongh the intermediate space D, be understood at the first glance, and 
between the roaster B, and the boiler a common cook may immediately 
A ; and continuing its passage through become perfectly acquainted with it: 
tbe flue B, at Ibeback of the ma- nor cahit be put out of order with- 
diine, finally empties . itself into the out a wilful determination to tnjur« 
principal kitchen flue. F istheasb- it In regard to ceconomy, the ad- 
^t, ■with a valve to regulate the fire, vantages of this apparatus are m^itU 
G ii tbe cold air valvi; : the air en- fold. In the steamer the richest gra- 
tering-bere is made to pass through Vies are eTtracled and prescrtedj 
«0me strong tubes, constituting one whiie, in tbe common method of boil- 
tide of the fire-place — becomiiic ex- ing, the juices of tbe meat are gene- 
tremcly heated, it proceeds, and cir- Ally dispersed in a quantity of water, 
eulales in the roaster, and then dis- and fit-only for wash. With a cup 
periei from the final tube H.. 1 is ftill of these graiies vou may at any 
the Kp, or reservoir, fur introducing lime obtain abason of excellent soup, 
tbe water into the boiler A, with a boiling it np with water as you wouM ' 
cock uaderneath to draw it olF. th& soup. cake, once so much in use. 

This is unquestionably the most Tb« roaster too la so delictely cteaut 

delicate, cleanly, and cheaj) method ttiat the dripping and gra\ies are lit 

of cooking now practiced i as there fdr -any culinary purpose ; and,whild 

arena aaeaas oftwnoyance by the ac- Ibecommon'mfethods of roasting ciin- 

cideotal falliag af soot or ashes, surae- and dry up tlie meat and its 

Tbe $re, when odce well lighted, richest Juices, the heat is here tem- 

will consamei eT«i to powder, the peraiely and uniformly acting atonce 

ashes from cammon grates ; and will on all sides, so as to save, beyond all 

dress a dinner for 800 persons in one doubt, at least one pound of meat in 

•f the Ja^eit meebinet, with a peck t«i. The quantity of coal consumed 
GisT. Ma«. Jnauat, 1812. bu 

5 



U Patint Cooking Jpparaius.^J9r. Lctteom mi Prisons. [Jan 

lias been skewn. though it will de. between the hours of twelve aod four 

K?irK^^ O'clock, when ilma^jrje inspected. « 

eonlunrfptioD mnst be admitted to LETTER LXXIIL ON PRISONS. 

render ^i'v.ce to the coramunity. « Charity is so established a virtue 
Boiling in the ordmify tneibodi ex- atnong them, that the distressed are 
poses tneYesselssoimmediiltelytothe accounted the cwditors of the af- 
lictiou of the fire, as to destro^r them fluent, and the n^ere circumstance of 
\i:ry quickly < but the vessels in this needing assistance is considered as 
apparatus, being placed in water, duly conferring a right to it." 
require, after cooking, to be rinced ^ Expose tiaiique de Tonqvtn, ^v. 
out ftda wiped dry ; by which they f ^ thfr centre of the Poultry, a 

will be preserred ten tiroes as long -■- street so called, in London, which 

as the others : — and which points out opens to the princely residence of the 

too another material advantage, name* ^^rd Mayor, and Joins at its other. 

ly, thejaving of time and labour. extremity the wealthy and populous 

I was lately required to give a par- Cheapside, through which many thou- 

ticular estimate of the advantages of «ands of persons, enjoying ease, li- 

this machine to a family whose con« ''^rtj* ana luxury, daily pass, is situ- 

iiumption was about ten pounds of **e^ * gloomy prison, called ** The 

meat per dieih^ and I delivered the Compter," whose murky apartments 

following statement, which I believe poan ^ith misery ; but the voice of 

will be amply verified. human infelicity is not often heard % 

per an, <'^ if heard, is disregarded, in the 

To the pi'obable saving in meat, pursuit of more pleasing gralifica- 

' gravy, &c. l.v. /?«•</«•»» - ^18 5 tionsr 

To do. three chaldron of coals Whilst this Metropolis is not less 

^ at 70*-. - . • - 10 10 distinguished for its active liberality 

lo do. m utensils - - 55 upon every needful occasion, than for 

rr^. , _ . " / ^ »*« almost inconceivable wealth j and 

ToZrlT^^r'T'*""* " ^^ ® whilst the Corporation itself has de. 

To first cost of a machme proper blared this Prison unfit for human 

.for such a family, about - _24^ confinemont ; it is astonishi^ thaTu 

Saving in the first year only . j^lO •*?^»'^ *^'" l^f continued, a notorious 

^ ^ '^ ]^ disgrace to it, and dishonourable to 

In order to secure the proposed ^&««e;al character of beneficence, 

saving in coals, it is recommended """"anity, conteraplatmg the nurae- 

to have the apparatus fixed up in the ''^"* munificent actions of this Cor- 

place of the range, and a grate suf- ?<>»•»*»«"» cherishes a hop^ that, in 

iicienl for the necessary purpose of *"^ anniversary revolution of the 

varming the kitchen to be placed at ^"^^oi ^-^ Officers, some Alderman 

tlie side; but the apparatus may be "^ f^^^^^ ^^y possess the patriotism 

placed in a recess if^ more conveni- »"« c«"»'age of effecting substantial 

«Bt->-a communication to the kitchen ^'^^ ' ^^ ^"® accomplrshmcnt of which 

flue is all that is required. The an- g^'ea^ ™?n^» exertion is requisite. 

Varatus may be made to any size or ®"f this is not the offspring of balls 

shape accordbg to the width or depth j?f '^f »^»^'es ; and hitherto ^o can- 

of the situation in which it is to be ?*^^*® °^* appeared, for acquiring an 

placed ; and where it is required, a n^"«>*"'» greater than any the City 

roaster may be ptaced on both sides ^^ confer, in the opinion of 
of the fire; in whioh case thjB boiler -r ^^^^ Coakley Lettsom. 
^ould be over one roaster, and, if London, J anuary I, 1812. 
desired, the hot closet over the other Poultry Comm^er, London. 

roaster, all to be heated by the same Gaoler, Edward Kirby. Salary 

u • k. • J r .u « 250/. paid by the Court of A Mermen! 

fp. fh'"^ f^""'"^ ^'^'"K*S\^^*f: ""^ ^«'- *^y «"« Common CoS 

tec the sole agency, I shall be glad Fees, as per table. 

to furnish^our scientific readers with Garnish, 6s. %d, called « Ward 

Tl^^'^u gf ^"""^^'••- ^\^ ?y ^»- ^«^*." paid for coals and ean4les to 

teut^on to have it generally m use the Steward. CbaphOa, R^ Mr. 

y • DavUi 



1 « 1 2.j Mr. Neild's Remarks an the Poultry t!hmpUr. 



J>avU } duty, Sunday, praveri and 
•ermoo. See Reniarkt. Salary, 601. 
and a yearly freedom of liie City % 
voted by the Court of Aldermen, and 
Tftlued at 25/. Surgeon, Mr. //^r- 
9on ; salarr 100/. aiM 901, for medi- 
cines, at the two Compters and Lud* 
gate, both for debtors and felons. 
Number of prisoners, February 16, 
1807; debtbrs thirty-seven » felons, 
nine. Allowance, to poor debtors, 
feluns, &c. ten ounees of bread, and 
one pound of potatoes, daily i also 
six stone of beef, (48ibs.) divided 
amongst them every Snturday ( b^ 
sides a quantity of broken victuals, 
eollected from the different taverns 
and eating-houses about the Royal 
Exchange. For legacies, and other 
donations, see Remarks. 
REM4RK8.^-^$ome }ears ago, I 

SDoke of this ruinous receptacle for 
ebtorji, felons, and other criminal 
prisoners, as it once stood, in spite of 
a^e and debility. Its whole history 
is most singular $ and it must, here- 
af(er,J>ecomc incredible, whenever its 
locality is considered to have been in 
the centre and very heart of the Bri- 
tish Metropolis! How long before' 
ihe I'M re of London this Compter bad 
l>ccn a prison, cannot easily be ascer- 
tained. There is reason, however, to 
believe i I to be quite as antient as the 
other Compters. It first appears in 
the reign ot Edward the ^ixth, when 
the keeping of tt was an office of no 
small consideration $ for, at that period, 
one John Seymour, at the special re* 
commendation of the King, bad a 
lease granted to him of this Compter, 
for a term of years i and in the year 
1554, the keeper of the other Comp- 
ter was Robert Smarte, the City*s 
Swprd-bearer, who had the keeping 
thereof granted to him for life, he 
obeying the orders of the Court with 
respect to its management. In the 
"3^ear 1600, certain buildings and al- 
terations of this Compter were fioisho 
ed, at an expence of upwards of 600/. s 
and in the year 1614, the Compter 
was again partially rebuilt, and re- 
paired with oak^ After the Fire of 
London, in the year 1666, two of the 
citf gates, Am^ate and BUhopgate, 
were converted tnto prisons, in lieu of 
the two Compters, (which were both 
destroyed in that general conflagra- 
tion) until new Compiers eould be 
bqil^ for this purpose an order was 
fmtd in thej^ear l^^9, Mid executed 



accordingly. Since then the fToodm 
Hreet C^mpierhat beea nulled down, 
and a new one erected : but the Old 
Poultry Compter still remains { and, 
until the alterat^ hereafter men* 
tioned, was appropriated for ^he re*- 
ccntiov of prisoners, in the manner 
following s 

For master's-side debtors, hereto- 
fore there were fifteen ropms bcf 
twixt the inner and the outer rates t 
for the use of which each prisoner 

Said as per table. For common side 
ebtors six wards, within the inner 
gate f two of them on the ground- 
floor, called the King's fVard^ and 
the Printers Wttrii in the former 
of whitth, No^mber 12, 1803^ were 
seven debtors, and in the latter, tha 
same number. 

On the first floor, or story, were 
the IV omen's tVard^ with two deb- 
tors t the Middle fFardim called, at 
as 1 conceive from its being between 
the Women's and the Jews' Ward) 
containing six debtorst and the Jews* 
}Vard^ in which were two Jew deb,> 
tors, with a separate stair-case lead- 
ing to it. ^ This, let me pointedl v 
olMerve, is tiie only prison 1 ever vi» 
sited, in which persons of their per- 
suasion were allpwed to have the ge« 
nerous, humane, and just indulgence 
of being kept entirely distinct from 
the other prisoners \ and very sincerer 
ly do I hope, that, in the projected 
change and improvement of thrs^ 
buildmg, some similar allotment will 
be assigned, of a place of retirement, 
security, and comfort, for debtors, or 
others, of their peculiar descriptioa. 
Reason suggests the motive for such 
a hint; and Christian principle sanc«- 
tions its adoption. It may easily be 
done, as no great space will be re^ 
quisite. 

On the second story, or floor 
above, were also the Queen^s ffttrdt 
which had ten debtors » and a small 
room adjoining to it for the sick* 

. The thirty-four debtors whom I 
found here at my visits had ten wives 
and fifteen children living with them 
in the prison. All are allowed one 
rug eacn by the City, but are expe^tr 
ed to pro^de their own bedSf 

To each ward there is a firctplace. 
In one of the rooms on the second 
floor, called the Pump Room^ the 
debtors bad the convenieuce of water, 
The court-yard here is very small, 
nave^witli. flag-stoues* apdbad water 

wn^inwHy 



40 



Idifirary InteUigence. -*- Index Indlcatoriui. [Jan* 



u 



'Economical Hiftory of th« He- 
brides aod Highlands of Scotlaod;" 
by tbe late Rer. Dr. Jo>Hif Walker, 
Prafewor of Natucal iHittory in 'tbe 
ViUTersitT of Edinburg^h. And, by the 
MUBQie Author, Miscelhweous Essays on 
natural History and Rural Economy. 
The following works are preparing : 
7he Fourth Edition of Mr. Bow- 
yor^s ^*- CoDJectuMson theNcw Testa- 
BiQnt/' 4to. 

TJbe.Border AntiqultieRof Buf^and 
lad SpQtland delineated. It is intended 
to comprise in this work the whole of 
the Antiquities of the Borders ; ex- 
Jkibiting Speci mens of the A rch i tect u re, 
Sculpture, andotherVesti^es of former 
ages, from tbe earliest times, to the 
Union of the two Crowns ; nccompa- 
,niod with descriptive Sketches und 
Biographical Remarks; together with 
a brief historical account of the prin- 
cv^al Eveuls that have occurred in 
(this interesting part of Great Britain. 
*' A Treatise on the Practice of Ihe 
^Customs, in the Entry, Examination, 
-and Peli.very of Goods and Merchan- 
dize imported from Foreign Parts, 
with a copious lllustralion of the 
Warehousing System, being intended 
for the use oi Merchants, Officers, 
and others concerned in this Branch 
of the Business of the Customs." Br 
Mr. James Smyth, of the Custom 
Bouse, Hull. In one Tolumc 8vo. 

Christian Ethics, consisting of Dis- 
courses on the Beatitudes, &c. in two 
volumes. By Rev. Thomas Wintlb, 
Author of a Commentary on Daniel. 
Habington*s Castara; with a bio- 
graphical and critical Essay, by C. A. 
Elton, Esq. the translator of Hesiod. 
Tl^ English Drama Purified. By 
th^ Ke.v. James Plvmptre. 

Four Thousand Quotations, prin- 
tipaily from antient authors, with 
appropriate translations in English. 
by Mr. Blagdon. 

A Portrai^ureof the R^^man Catho«» 
lie Religion; with sm Appendix, con- 
taining a :>ummary of the Laws against 
Papists^ and a Review of the Catholic 
Question of Emancipation. By the 
Rev. J. NiGUTivoALE, auihor'of a 
portraiture of Methodism. 

Mons. C. T. Tom^e's Voyage to 
the East Indies, during the years 1^03 
to 1806» including an account of the 
Cape, the isles of Mauritius, Bourbon, 
Java, Banca, and the city of Batavia, 
with notes byM. Sonmini. TcaosUtcd 



into Bnglifh by Mr. Blagdow^ ia 
two octavo volumes^ with numerous 
plates. 

Mr. (ttttch of Bristol bat a Calm* 
logue of Books forthcoming, contain- 
ing the valuable Librartes of seveml 
literary Gentlemen lately deceased in 
Bristol and fts neighbourhood ; and 
many other rare and curious Works. 

Some genuine manuscripts, several 
of which are in the bano^writing of 
-OLiTEa CaoMWELL, have been dii* 
covered in a chest, containing ^-ecordt 
of the town of Haverford West. 

Anothet* splendid monument of 
Parisian typography, in ftddition to 
the great work on Egypt> has been 
recently consecrated to •• Napoleon , 
the Great,** namely, an Edition of 
Homer, in three volumes great folio, 
etich consisting of S70 pages, (with 
the text only,) from tbe most mag« 
nificent press in tbe universe, that of 
Bodoni in Parma. The artist em« 
ployed six^ years in his preparations, 
and the printing occupied 18 months. 
One hundred and forty copies onlr 
were struck off— that presented to fats 
Imperial Majesty was on vellum, of 
brifliancy altogether unparalleled. 

Count Rzewuski, of Vienna, is said 
to have in his possession an Arabic 
manuscript, written in the time of the 
Crusades, which mentions some cu^ 
rious particulan relative to the use 
af gunpowder in war, and whicb-eoii. 
tains a genuine rdeeipt for theGraek 
fire. The Count is bow em ployed itt 

translating this valuable work. 

_ • 

INDEX INDICATORIUS. 

DuNBLMENSis shall appear as soon aa 
the Plate can be engraved. 

A YOUNG Bibliomaniac's hints shall 
have due consideration. 

Philaretes requests some Corre- 
spondent to favour us with biographical 
notices of Gen. Hoghton, who fell with 
such signal honour hi theever-meniorable 
conflict of Albuera. 

A Constant RBA^Bifs Queries would 
be answered at the Hbbalds' Collcoc 

Thomas Gromblb t^tfmu LoEscHMANy 
is a Case cognizable by Critics Eli^qh* 
BOEOU<SH or Mansfi£U>. 

If the Correspondent who has in vain 
consulud Dr. . Rees's *« Cyclopedia,'* 
really wishes fo* the information h^ 
mentions ; the address would be given by 
Messrs. Longman and C6. 

W. B. in our next ? with W. S. on 
])4oar«'s Ahnaoaeki R. S.| dec. &c. 

Rbvuw 



t 4i ] 



REVIEW OF NEW PUBLICATIONS. 



i. 7T^ L^e qf the Rev, John Hough, 
jD. JJ, s^cesavely Bis/sop of Oxford, 
Lichfield and Coventry, 4md Worces- 
ter; y<»w«r/y FresiderU^ of St, Mary 

- Maedaleo CoUege^ Oxford, m the 
Rtign ^ James II. ; containing many 
of kis Letters, and hiograpidcal No^ 

. tioes of several persons with whom he 
was connected. By John Wilmot, Esq, 

[ F.RiS.andS.J, 4to.)9p.S8T. White 
and Cot^hrane. 

WE have very ipecently (vol. 
LXXXf. Part i. p. 449".) had 
occasion to notice this truly respect- 
able Biographer; and we rejoice to 
meet him again in this labour of love ; 
for he is again embalming the me- 
mory of another venerable Relation. 

. ** The private, unambitloas life which 
Bp. Hough preferred, and which he enjoy- 
ed for many years, was little calculated to 
afford materials for Biography, or to. fur- 
nish that fund of incideot and anecdote 
" which the lives of most public men sup- 
ply : besides the length of time which has 
elapsed since his death, now nearly se- 
venty years, has greatly increased the 
difficulty of acquiring particulars of his 
public, as well as his private lif?, and 
might alone have fomished a'SAifficient 
apology for the scanty materials which 
the Editor of this work has been able to 
collect. — But, in addition to the diffi- 
culties occasioned by this distance 
of time we have likewise to combat 
the great modesty of Dr. Hough, and 
his peculiar ufi willingness to have any 
thing which proceeded from his pen 
made public. We are informed by a 
lale Antiqua'ry*, who had an opportu- 
nity of reading several of his Sermons 
(which he calls • very excellent*), that 
such was the good Bishop's antipathy 
to the publication of these, or of any 
other of his writings, even after his de- 
cease, that he gave a strict charge to 
the contrary. — Accident alone occa- 
siMied so many of bn Letters to be pre« 
served ; and it is much to be regretted 
that this was not the case with more of 
them : especially as there is reason to 
think, that he was in the habit of inti- 
macy and correspondence with several 
of the great men who lived in the busy 
reigns of King William, Queen Anne, 
and George I. — It was the peculiar si- 
tuation in which the Bishop was K^aced 
in Magdalen Coll^e^ Oxford, in the 
reif^n of James If. tlifit hrnt brought 
him b«fore the pubfick,' and gave rise 
« I I > 1 1 III ■ I ■■ I I 

• <* Rev. Steblnng Shaw, in his His- 
tory of Staffbrdsbin:, vjl. I. p. 278.** 
Gent. Mag. «/a7i«a7y> 1811. 

6 



to the conspicuous part which he acted 
9t that period, and which was the im- 
mediate caus&of his elevation to the 
Episcopal Bench in the succeeding reign. 
— To the honour of this countr)', there 
is no reason to doubt, that n&any of his 
contemporaries in the Church, and 
many of the Clergy at other periods, 
would have acted the same part on s^^ si- 
milar occasion { but nbne could have 
shewn more firmness and moderation— 
qualities equally necessary to be united 
in the exercise of any great public duty. 
— Although Party ran very-high in the 
reigns of King William and Queen Anne, 
Bishop Hough seems to have contented 
Irimself with the proofs which he had be- 
fore given of his patriotism, and firm 
attachment to the civil and religious 
liberties of his Country." 

We are informed by Mr. Wilmot, 
that > 



(i 



He undertook this vjork some years , 
ago, whtu) he enjoyed the blessing of 
health ; this has lately so much declined 
that ha \vould not have been able to 
complete his design without the assist- 
ance of two learned aud valuable friends^ 
the Rev. Mark Noble, rector of Barming 
in Kent, and the Rev. John Hewlett, 
morning preacher at the Foundling Hos- 
pital. The former, whose accurate 
knowledge of the different Families in 
this Country well qualified him for the 
task, obligingly supplied him with most 
of the materials for the Notes, which 
have served to render the Bishop's Let- 
ters more intelligible and more interest- 
ing ; and the latter, the Rev. Mr. Hew- 
lett, whose learning »and abilities are 
well kv)wn to the publick by his Ser- 
roo|p8, his able Vindication of the Parian 
Chronicle, his valuable Notes on the 
Sacred Volume, and other excellent 
publications (which would ^race any 
preferment or dignity of his profession), 
not only encouraged the Editor to pro- 
ceed, but assisted him in superiu tending 
the press, when the state of his own 
health rendered him very unequal to the 
undertaking." 

Whilst we lament the indispositioa 
of.lhi: wnrthy Editor, it is satisfactory 
to find tlrdt he ha^ had the assistapee 
of. two very able Coadjutors. It if, 
however, but justice to observe, that 
he had hmise^f used all due diligence 
in 'purjHift of authentic documents. 

The journey to Worcester and Har- 

tlehurv on the probability of roeetioff 

with Bp. Hough^scorrespbndencewitE 

•Mr. Addison, though at the time un« 

succe.4yful, was praiseworthy ; amlih^ 

friendly 



42 



Review of New Publications. 



[Jan 



friendly Teceptiou he met with« both 
from Dr. Hurd, the late excellent Bi- 
shop of that diocese, and. his wortnj 
successor, Dr. Cornwall, and also from 
Dr« Nash, the late venerable Histo- 
rian of Worcestershire, must have 
been truly gratifying^ ♦. 

^' The Editor must likewise express 
his obligations to the President and Pel- 
lows of the noble Foundation of Mag- 
dalen College for the liberality with 
which tbey gave him access to tbe muni- 
ments of their H(Ai8e. There is no 
danger, in these times, of any similar 
attack on their Society; but the Eklitor 
has no doubt, that if a similar occasion 
should arise^ they would act with the 
same virtue and fortitude, which have 
rendered the memory of Bp. Hough im- 
mortal." 

The conduct of Dr. Hough in that 

memorable contest forms a principal 

part of the present Memoirs ; in which 

Mr. Wilmot has albo given some cu- 

^ ripqs particulars of a famous Quaker.* 

** William Penn was the son of Sir 
William Penn, a distinguished naval of- 
ficer, who had fought under Cromwell, 
and had been sent out by him with Gene- 
ral Venables, in 1656, to reduce Hispa- 
niola; but, beitig disappointed in that 
attempt, they invaded Jamaica, and 
made a conquest of that important is- 
land. Penn had likewise been consulted 
on naval affairs by the King, when Duke 
of York, and had fought under him 
durin? tha Dutch war, particularly in 
the signal victory that was gained in 
1665. This probably was the occasion 
of his introduction to James ; who, 
having a grant from his brother, Charles 
II. of several large tracts of land in 
North America, then in possession bf the 
Dutch, with whom Charles was at war, 
patched them out to under-proprietors, 
and, among the rest, to WilUam Penn, 
the son of the Admiral, who died in 
1670; having in his lifetime advanced 
several considerable sums of money to 
his Sovereign. As Charles had few 
means of satisfying the various demands 
upon him, he granted a patent in ] 68 1 
of another tract of land lying to the 
West of the river Delaware, to William 
Penn, the son. These tracts of kmd to- 
gether formed afterwards the state of 
Pensylvania, so called from his name; and 
his heirs were constituted both proprie- 
tors and governors of this province. — 
Mr. Penn, though bred at Clirist Church 
College, Oxford, had early imbibed the 
principles of the society called Quakers ; 

• One letter Was afterwards communi- 
cated by Lord and JUdy Somen ; see p. , 
48. Edit* 



and, being at the head of his sect, a 
man of large property, considerable 
abilities, and much esteemed for his in- 
tegrity and humanity, was thought to 
have great influence with James, which, 
he frequently exerted in favour of his 
friends, and others, who suffered from 
the several penal laws of that time, as 
well as in undeceiving his Msyesty with 
respect to the misrepresentations and 
wrong impressions which he was apt to 
receive. James, on the other hand, 
made use of tbe influence of Penn, and 
the weight which he had with the Dis- 
senters in general, to promote his own 
designs in favour of Popery, under the 
colour of a general toleration and sus- 
pension of the penal laws against all 
Sectaries, as well as against the Roman 
Catholicks. Indeed, from the frequent 
access which Penn had to the King, and 
from the success of his applications, fae 
was, both in this and the next reign, 
strongly suspected of Popery. This cir- 
cumstance occasioned a correspondence 
between him and the pious, learned, and 
candid Dr. Tillotson, who had imbibed 
the same opinion, but who afterwards 
being conviaeed that it was unfounded, 
confessed himself perfectly satisfied of 
his error, ,and gave him a written testi- 
mony to that ^effect. — Penn, it is pro- 
bable, was not averse to find, that the : 
King, from whatever cause, was willing \ 
f.Q dispense with those penal laws which 
affected his friends, as well as all others 
who were not of the Estabfished Church. 
This disposition of James was followed, 
in April 1687, by his Declaration^ for li- 
berty of conscience, and suspension of all 
the penal laws; on which occasion Penn 
pcesented an address to his Mi^esty from 
his brethren, who stated, * that 1200 
persons were thus released fr6m a severe 
imprisonment, and many others from i he 
spoil and ruin of their estates and pro- 
perties.* From the charge of Popery 
Penn likewise exculpated himself, in an 
answer to a letter which he received in 
October 1688, both of which are printed 
in his Life; afid in his answer he acknow- 
ledges and* accounts for his numerous 
visits to Whitehall, by observing that he 
frequently had business there for his 
friends^ whom he had ever served with 
a steady solicitation, and for others of 
all persuasions, ' thinking it a duty,' he 
says, ' to improve the little interest I 
had for the good of those who needed it, 
particularly the poor ; I might add,' he 
continues, ' something of my own affairs 
too, though I must own they have bad 
the least share of my thoughts.' As Mr. 
Penn therefore had suggested the pro- 
priety of some expedient in this business, 
it was not unnatural for the College to 
wish to make a trial at least of his In- 
fluence I 



lSi2.] 



Sifoitw of New Publications. 



4g 



Haence : thoagfa it appears from the ac- 
eomit pven of the interHew with him> 
that he was not at this time free from 
suspicion of his sincerity, and of bis re- 
li|fious principles. This account is con- 
tained in a letter from Dr^Hou^h to a 
relation df his, a copy of which is pre- 
served among^ the manuscripts of Bp. 
Gibson in the British Museum." 

The letter above alluded to is copied 
at large by Mr. Wilmot, and is ex- 
tremely iateresting. 

A letter from the g^ood Bishop, to 
Lord Digby, at a very late period of 
liif Ufe, has heee morie than once 
copied in our Ma^zine : but we can- 
not forbear transcribing ** iin original 
and characteristic letter from Bishop 
^oagh to the Key. Mr. Lewis of Mar- 
gate, written with all the piety and 
benevolence of a primitive Christian;'* 
which has been obligingly communi- 
cated by the Reverend Dr. Bnrnaby, 
archdeacon of Leicesteir. 

** Sir, Hartlebury^ April 6, 1743. 
** I ociuld not forgive, myself should I 
forbear to return you my best and kind- 
est thanks for your favour in distributr 
ing what I troubled you with, to the 
mutual satisikctlon of the receivers ; 
and am not a little pleased that they 
are sensible of your kindness and mine 
to them. — I apprehend I shall ndt live 
to see much more of the coming yeaLr^ 
though I wear out leisurely, and am 
firee from sickness and pain ; but strength 
declines and memory^ails. The mode- 
rate degree of understand) ng which God 
was pleased to give me does not impair 
The famous Mr. Waller was of opinion 
thatt age improved it : I am suoe expe- 
rience do«6. Uut as the contrary often 
laMs oat, I haVe strictly charged thtise 
about me, that when they discover liymp*' 
Jtoms of such a change, they suffer no 
consideration to conceal it from me. I 
pny not with more sincerity for myself, 
than for my friends ; and 1 most hearti- 
ly wish health and every convenience to 
y^ou, whereby your life may. be inade 
easy and 'Comfortable. 1 have no doubt 
hut that, when our gracious Redeemer 
comes in all his glory to judge mankind, 
you and I, with all faithful people, shall, 
through the mercy of God, and his ine» 
rits, find a place at his right hand. 
What oor portion may be in hi^ king- 
dom, is known only to his Father and 
liimself; but this is revealed to us, that 
there are pleasures above our concefv 
tions, and dufable to all eternity. 1 have 
no more to. idd but that I am. Sir, ^jonr 
yeiy affectioaate Brother and obedient 
Friend^ Jo. WoacEtrEa," 



Another short Letter shall be ghetf 
addressed to Bishop Gibson, and thd 
last, probably, which he ever wrote. 

«♦ Mx Lord, May 4, 1743. , 

'* You are pleased to ask (and I am 
in manv respects obliged to obey your 
Lordship in saying), now it fares with 
me ? I lately saw the day in which I 
entered into the 93d year of my life ; 
and I thought it a very proper season to 
make particular enquiry into the state 
of it. I found the last year to have im- 
paired every faculty of mind and body 
more than I could have imagined ; and 
by such imperceptible degrees, that I 
was not aware how treacherously it stole 
upon me, and how deep in)pressions rt 
made, till the several items of my loss 
came together in full view ; and then it 
appeared I had suffered so much as left 
little to support the remainder of life. 
I think it can be but of short duration ; 
and I thank God, the prospect gives me 
no uneasiness. Yoiir Lordship has more 
than twenty years to come before you 
arrive at my number, and are happy in 
a constitution that may carry you far 
beyond it ; but pardon me, my Lord, 
if 1 reproach you a little for having 
made trial* of its strength, to the uni- 
versal applause indeed, but to the no 
small concern of your Friends, who havfe 
seen .some instances, and heard of many 
more, where great abilities have per- 
fectly worn out themselves by over-ex- 
ercise. 1 pray for every thing that may 
contribute to the happy state of your 
whole family, and am, my Lord, your 
Lordship's most obedient and affection- 
ate servant, Jo. Worcester." 

The truly exceileut Prelate sur- 
vived the writing of the above Letter 
only four days. 

" There was an epidemical distemper 
in this year, ^which was felt upon the 
Continent t as well as in this Country, 
and which carried off a great many, 
particularly those in years. Among 
others, Mr. Melnioth, aged 78 ; Sir 
Theophilus Biddulph, aged 79 j Mr. 
Ainsworth, aged 83} the Duchess of 
Kendal, aged 80; &c. — It appears 
that this venerable Prelate could not 
withstand the remarkably severe wea- 
ther in March and April of the year 

^M I I ii-.-i .— I II ■■■—- ■—■■ '!■ ■■■' ■^^ —i^i^ 

• " Bishop Gibson had lately reprinted 
several treatises against Popery, digested 
under proper heads and titles, with pre- 
faces by himself. He lived, however, 
till 174B, and died at the age of 79, 
having worn out his constitution, it is 
said, by a long course of study and bu- 
iiness." ' *■ 

' t (icut, Mag. 1743; vol. XIH p. 274- 

1743. 



J 



44 Jteoiew of New PubUcatims. [Jmu 

,1748. lilt constitution, bomever. And a later Mute, ' « 

struggled against it for a few days after « See Hough, superior to aTyrant^8 doom, 

>e wrote this last Letter to the Bishop gmije at the menace of a slave of Rome.' 

of London : but at length he expired, ,, rrw j . im • c 

i»ithout a groan, on the 8th Of May, . " Th= advantages, .likewise, of « 

•urrounded by somjs of hi. friends and P'O"^ »'«» ■:'7°"» %*«*{. '""»*"*!* 
neighbours, who attended him in his h the example of Dr. Hough, ^ m*t 

one of the most classical pens, and one 
of the most amiable characters of ^ the 
century in which they both lived, Isaac 
.Hawkins Browne, esq. in his noble poem 
on the Immortality of the Soul/ 
prebendary of Worcester, who attended « tt u» o • •^i>»^r*^..«...^«j 
his funeral, in a letter to a friend at Bp. Hough's EpislolarT Correspond- 

Oxford, who inquired the particulars of «*<» «» P"?'f\ "* "^^f** r^^Tr'r .^ 
it^ first of which 18 a series of XXII Lel^ 

* Oct, 14, 1T43. ****** His ters addressed to Dr. Charlet', master 

death was occasioned by a cold, in ven- of University College, Oxford, and to 

turing abroad during the severe North- other Friends, between the years 

cast winds last Spring, and by disusing 1692 and 1737. XLIU Letters are 

fires too soon in that season : hence en- addressed to Lady Kaye, daughter 

sued a troublesome cough, which in and coheir of Sir Samuel and Ladj 

about two or three days grew better till Marow of Berkeswell, co. Warwick, 



last moments; and to whom he said, «»°^"«."l*y *"A^^.*"^;^^"L1^^^^^^^ 
*We part, to meet again, I hope, in 
endless joys.' 

" The account of his death is thus 
given by the Rev. Mr. Meadowcourt, — ^'— ^ ^-i:.... ^c*u„ e^.,i »» 



-the evening before lie died, when it 
seemed to have thrown a load on his 
lungs, too heavy to be removed. — He 
then sealed his Will, and, as usual, 
gave directions about his family affairs, 
and at night laid him down in peace. 



married to Sir Arthur Kaye, bart. of 
Woodsham in Yorkshire t from 
which we shall select a few extracts. 

" Oct. 33, 1727. I have contented 
myself to hear of the splendid. Corona- 



not to rise again till the ResurrtcUon of tion, without shewing so old a face as 



.the Just. His legacies were as large as 
could be expected from his daily charf- 
ties, during a long and most beneficent 
life. No man left the world with a 
more unblemished or more amiable ehap* 
Tacter. Happy will it be for the world, 
if the praises which crown his memory 



mine m the procession ; for where the 
utmost gaiety is set forth, such visible * 
signs of mortality should not appear; it 
is a good omen of future happiness, that 
no mischance or ill-accident lessened the 
pleasure of the day. Their Majesties 
are really such in their personal graces 



excellent a character, and make them- 
selves patterns of good works. 

Rd. Meadowcourt.' 
**.He was buried in the. Cathedral 
near his wife, as they both desired." 

** It is not surprising that such a con- 
stellation of virtues as this great and 
food Prelate possessed should be cele- 
rated by Poets as well as Historians. 



may excite his survivors to copy after so and accomplishments, as have been sel- 
dom seen together on the English or 
British Throne ; and may they long sit 
there, to their own immortal glory and 
^ the joy of all their people ! — ^We are told 
that one appeared among the Lords more 
than ought to have done, who is said to 
have filled his father's place. Nothing 
is to be wondered at from one of his ca- 
price; but how must it grieve his good 

r% 1- r^u^ I.' 1.. father! and how can one think on what 

Pope, speaking of the trophies which ^^ ^^^ ^j^^out lamenting the hard- 

deck the truly good and brave, says, .^ip of hi case, and reflecting on the 

* Such as on Hough's unsullied mitre fickle condition of every thing in this 

shine, [thine.' world ? Honour, so eagerly sought for 

Or beam, good Digby ! from a heart like by others, came to him easily and un- 

Lord Lyttelton, to his friend Dr. Ays- co^^ed J but, instead of any thing that 

cough, pointing out to hi^ the exam- "'fi^J'^ **?^«, afforded comfort and satis- 

pies of Locke, Boyle, and Cambray, f^^l***"' " brought nothing along with 

Remarks "^ it but trouble and vexation. I would 

' have no manner of ill befall the young 

« Good Worc'sterthus supports his droop- gentleman; but his ambitious expecta- 

mg age, rage . tion should continue many years, could 

Far from court flatt'iy, far from party- the old one have the health and strength 

He, who in youth a tyrant's frown de-^ ' - ' • * " 

fied. 
Firm, and intrepid on his country's side. 



Her boldest champion then, and now I 
her mildest guide V 

Misc. Works,* vol. III. p. 86. 



I wish him." 

** Dec. 16. Your Ladyship gave me a 
real pleasure, not so much in describing 
a splendid Court, as in oteerving, that 
evtry face had gaiety and content in it. 
In Qiy poor opinion, it is no small 

fatigut 



t8l2.] 



Meview of New Publications. 



4S 



blMftings to each oilier, 1x> nt, and to 
our / neighbours : and may the tno 
Houses agree in everything that may he 
for the service of their country, the 
honour of the Crown, and their own re- 
putation ! But when they are up, I dread 
to look forward to the election of a new 
Parliament; the spirits of people in 
•gome of the remote Counties tjeing so 
exasperated, that it is not easy to 
imagine how they can meet together, 
without great disturbance/* 

" Jpril 22, 1734. Your Ladyship has 
always been so intimately acquainted 
with what is most polite, that the splen- 
dour of the late Wedding I and the pomp- 
ous appearance at Court, have not, I 
dare say, dazzled you. It must hSve 
been, according to the aocount given of 
it, truly magnificent ; nothing seems to 
have l)een omitted that coujd possibly 
express the pleasure wherewith His 
Majesty gave his dau^ter in marriage, 
so agreeably to the interests and in- 
clination of his people ; but the show is 
over, the ceremonious finery will no 
more appear to entertain our eyes, and 
the acc<vtnplishments of the Royal Biide, 
and her Prince, can only be our standing 
glories. The time will quickly come, 
when they must go to be received with 
universal joy in another country: God 
grant them a safe and an easy ^passage, 
and make them long happy in each 
other, and in eiVery circumstance of life ! 
and then it matters not much in what 
dress their happiness appears." 

" Nov. 27, 173b. The News-writers 
tell us Mrs. Mary Jennens § died lately, 
as she frequently lived, in a public Inn. 
Her retired humour was out of the com- 
mon road, and the method she took to 
conceal herself from all her relations 
very unaccountable : it gave them just 
cause to suspect, that whenever she left 
her great fortune, it might probably fall 
into the hands of such as were strangers 
with you in his family; his estate is equal ^^ j^g^ blood, and neither her own |^u- 
to his title; and though I should never ^gnce, nor the interest of her kindred, 
advise you to purchase quality, yet if it ^^ considered in the disposal; but herein 
will come easily, and upon reasonable con- ^^^ ^,^5 deceived the world, if, as we are 
ditions, I should be heartily glad to see you ^^^^ ^Yui 4ias made a will, whereof her 
at the top, and you would really find ad- ^^^^^ Jennens is executor, and given her 
vantage, as well as place and figure in it.»» • 

«' Jan. 
present 



^tigue that they in the highest stations 
submit to, in receiving the complaisance 
and deference of those about them: but 
to desire love and esteem is inseparable 
from human nature j and as I really be- 
lieve no Princes ever studied 'more than 
our own to gain ,the hearts of their 
people, it is pity hut they should sin- 
cerely have them. 1 dare not, however, 
flatter myself that the delightful scene 
.will hold long, for we begin already to 
hear of uneasiness and muttering, which 
will grow louder as the 11th of January* 
comes on, unless some hands be 
changed; and matters are not sdways 
mended that way. How outrageously 
brutish were the words whieh we are 
told were spoken to a great person at 
the last Masquerade. It must certain- 
ly exercise his utmost patience to keep 
in his resentment, ^nd make him 
thoroughly sensible how improper it 
was to expose himself to such usage. 
J protest I could not hear of it without 
indignation : but since it has been the 
occasion of putting an end to that sense- 
less dive^ion, I can almost forgive it." 1 

" Jan. 14) 1728-9. You are pleased 
to mention a certain Duke, whose chair 
has once or twice been seen to stand at 
your door : and as inquisitive people are 
quick-sighted, I must own I have heard 
from another hand of its being observed : 
in good earnest I can see no reason why 
your Ladyship should not make him 
happy in yourself, provided it be upim 
terms no way prejudicial to the children 
you are blessed with. Let him be con- 
tented to share with youin your annual 
income, and no other way to concern 
himself with your fortune, and I am one 
of those who shall wish him good success 
in his addresses. — I have always looked 
upon him as a good-natured, well-bred 
gentleman; he is upon the point of 
marrying his daughter, and there will 
he no danger of any one to interfere 



<s 



19, 1733. The Town is at 
I fancy, a very busy scene, 
where all the Ladies are preparing for 
the Wedding at Court, and the Lords 
and Gentlemen for supplies suitable to 
the exigency of the coming year. God 



He died in 1751, and the Princess in 
J 759, leaving one son, Wiliam Henry. 
Prince of Orange, and last Stadtholder." 

X Of the Prince and Princess of 
Orange ; see our vol. IV. p. 160,, 

§ "She was first cousin to the rich Mr. 



grant a happy issue to both! MaythePrince Jennens, of Acton. She never married, 
of Orangef, and our Princess, be lasting and had great singularities ; she left her 

-T _ fortune to her aunt, Hester Jennens, 

*'* The meeting, of Parliament." married to William Hanmer, esq. of 

f ** Cha^ Henry, who married Anne Flintshire. Her executor was Charles 
^e' Princess Royal, March 25, 1733-4. Jennens, esq. her eldest uncle." 

.estate 



44' 



Jlemw of New Publications. 



[Jdn, 



.1743. His consUtution, bom ever, 
struggled against it for a few days after 
he wrote this last Letter to the Bishop 
of London; but at length he expired, 
without a groan, on the 8th Of May, 
surrounded by som^e of his friends and 
neighbours, who attended him in his 
last moments', and to whom he said, 
*We part, to meet again, I hope, ia 
endless joys.' 

" The account of his death is thus 
given by the Rev. Mr. Meadowcourt, 
prebendary of Worcester, who attended 
his funeral, in a letter to a friend at 
Oxford, who inquired the particulars of 
it. 

* Oct. 14, 1T43. »*♦♦** His 
death was occasioned by a cold, in ven- 
turing abroad during the severe North- 
cast winds last Spring, and by disusing 
fires too soon in that season : hence en- 
sued a troublesome cough, which in 
about two or three days grew better till 
-the evening before Tie died, when it 
seemed to have thrown a load on his 
lungs, too heavy to be removed. — He 
then sealed his Will, and, as usual, 
gave directions about his family affairs, 
and at night laid him down in peace, 
not to rise again till the Resurrection of 
.the Just. His legacies were as large as 
could be expected from his daily charf- 
ties, during a long and most beneficent 
life. No man left the world with a 
more unblemished or more amiable eha^ 
xacter. Happy will it be for the world, 
if the praises which crown his memory 
may excite his survivors to copy after so 
excellent a character, and make them- 
selves patterns of good works. 

Rd. Meadowcourt.* 

"He was buried in the Cathedral 
near his wife, as they both desired.** 

" It is not surprising that such a con- 
stellation of virtues as this great and 
^ good Prelate possessed should be cele- 
, grated by Poets as well as Historians. 
Pope,, speaking of the trophies which 
deck the truly good and brave, says, 

*Siichas on Hough*s unsullied mitre 

. ^ shine, [thine.* 

Or beam, good Digby ! from a heart like 

Lord Lyttelton, to his friend Dr. Ays- 
cough, pointing out to hivtk the exam- 
pies of Locke, Boyle, and Cambray, 
Remarks, 

* Good Worcester thus supports his droop- 
ing age, rage . 

Far from court flatt*ry, far from party! 

He, who in youth a tyrant*s frown de-' 
fied, 

Tirm, and intrepid on his country*s side. 

Her boldest champion then, and now 
her mildest guide !* 

Misc. Works,- vol HI. p. 86. 



And a later Muse, ^ « 

' See Hough, superior to a Tyrant's doom. 
Smile at the menace of a slave of Rome.' 

** The advantages, likewise, of a 
pious and ''irtuous old age, illustrated 
by the example of Dr. Hough, are mo'st 
eloquently and beautifully described by 
one of the most classical pens, and one 
^ of the most amiable characters of ^ the 
century in which they both lived, Isaac 
.Hawkins Browne, esq. in his noble poem 
on the Immortality of the Soul.** 

Bp. Ho ugh's Bpistolary Correspond-* 
eace is printed in several classes ; the 
first of which is a series of XXII Let- 
ters addressed to Dr. Charlet', master 
of University College, Oxford, and to 
other Friends, between the years 
,1692 and 1737. XLIll Letters are 
addressed to Lady Kaye, daughter 
and coheir of Sir Samuel and Ladj 
Marow of Berkeswell, co. Warwick, 
married to Sir Arthur Kaye, bart. of 
Woodsbam in Yorkshire t from 
which we shall select a few extracts. 

" Oct. 33, 1727. I have contented 
myself to hear of the splendid Corona- 
tion, without shewing so old a face as 
mine in the procession ; for where the 
utmost gaiety is set forth, such visible * 
signs of mortality should not appear; it 
is a good omen of future happiness, that 
no mischance or ill-accident lessened the 
pleasure of the day. Their Majesties 
are really such in their personal graces 
and accomplishments, as have been sel- 
dom seen together on the English or 
British Throne ; and may they long sit 
there, to their own immortal glory and 
. the joy of all their people ! — We are told 
that one appeared among the Lords more 
than ought to have done, who is said to 
have filled his father's place. Nothing 
is to be wondered at from one of his ca- 
price; but how must it grieve his good 
father ! and how can one think on wha^ 
he suffers, without lamenting the hard- 
ship of his case, and reflecting on the 
fickle condition of every thing in this 
world ? Honour, so eagerly sought for 
by others, came to him easily and un- 
courted ; but, instead of any thing that 
might have afforded comfort and satis- 
faction, it brought nothing along with 
it but trouble and vexation. I would 
have no manner of ill befall the young 
gentleman; but his ambitious expecta- 
tion should continue many years, could 
the old one have the health and strength 
I wish him.** 

*• Dec, 16. Your Ladyship gave me a 
real pleasure, not so much in describing 
a splendid Court, as in ofeierving, that 
every face had gaiety and content in it. 
In my poor opinion, it is no small 

fatigut 



1S12.] 



Reoiem of Neao Publications. 



4S 



^idpie tkat tbey in the hi|rh«t statkmk 
tabviit to» in feoeiviqfth« complaisance 
and deference af those abont them: bat 
to desire love and esteem is inseparable 
from human nature ; and as I reafly be- 
lierfc no Princes ever studied more than 
oar own to gain ,the hearts of their 
people, it is pity hut they should sin- 
cerely have them. 1 dare not, however, 
flatter Hi3rself that the deli^tful scene 
will hold long, for we begin already to 
hear of unesisiness and muttering, which 
will grow louder as the 1 1th of January* 
comes on, unless some hands be 
changed; and isatters arc not sdwa3rs 
mended that way. How outrageously 
brutish were the words which we are 
told were spoken to a great person at 
the last Masquerade. It must certain- 
ly exercise his utmost patience to keep 
in his resentment, and make him 
thoroughly sensible how improper it 
was to expose himself to such usage. 
I protest I could not hear of it without 
indication : but since it has been the 
occasion of putting an end to that sense- 
less dive^ion, I can almost forgive it." % 

" Jan. 14, 1728-9. You are pleased 
to mention a certahi Duke, whose chair 
has once or twice been seen to stand at 
your door : and as inquisitive people are 
quick-sighted, I must own I have heard 
from another hand of its bein^ observed: 
in good earnest 1 can see no reason why 
your Ladyship should not make him 
happy in yourself^ provided it be upcm 
•terms no way prejudicial to the children 
you are blessed with. Let him be con- 
tented to share with you-in your annual 
income, and no other way to concern 
himself with your fortune, and I am one 
of those who shall wish him good success 
in his addresses. — I have always looked 
upon him as a good-natured, well-bred 
gentleman ; he is upon the point of 
marrying his daughter, and there will 
be no danger of any one to interfere 
with you in his family; his estate is equal 
to his title ; and though I should never 
advise you to purchase quality, yet if it 
will come easily, and upon reasonable con- 
ditions, 1 should be heartily glad to see you 
at the top, and you would really find ad. 
vantage, as well as place and figure in it.*' 

"Jim. 19, 1733. The Town is at 
present, I fancy, a very busy scene, 
where all the Indies are preparing for 
the Wedding at Court, and the Lords 
and Gentlemen for supplies suitable to * 
the exigency of the coming year. God 
grant a happy issue to both! MaythePrince 
of Orangef , and our Priocess, be lasting 



• ** The meeting, of Parliament, 
ine 



>* 



f ** Chaffes Henry, who married Anne 
$hc<Princ^ I^yal/ March 25| 1733-4. 



btetsings to each other, to m , and ta 
(mr ' neighbours : and may the two 
Houses agree in everything that may be 
for the service of their country, the 
honour of the Crown, and their own re- 
putation ! But when they are up, I dread 
to look forward to the election of a new 
Parliament; the spirits of people in 
some of the remote Counties fc^eing so 
exasperated, that it is not easy to 
imagine how they can meet together' 
without great disturbance." 

" April 22, 1734. Your Ladyship has 
always been so intimately acquainted 
with what is most polite, that the splen- 
dour of the late Wedding % &d<1 the pomp- 
ous appearance at Court, have not, I 
dare say, dazzled you. It must h^ve 
been, according to the aocount given of 
it, truly magnificent ; nothing seems to 
have been omitted that could possibly 
express the pleasure wherewith His 
Majesty gave his daughter in marriage, 
so agreeably to the interests and In- 
clination of his people ; but the show is 
over, the ceremonious finery will no 
more appear to entertain our eyes, and 
the acc<vmplishments of the Royal Bride, 
and her Prince, can only be our standing 
glories. The time will quickly oome, 
when they must go to be received with 
universal joy in another country: God 
grant them a safe and an easy passage, 
and make them long happy in each 
other, and in eVery circumstance of life! 
and then it matters not much in what 
dress their happiness appears." 

" Nov. 27, 1736. The News-writers 
tell us Mrs. Mary Jennens § died lately, 
as she frequently lived, in a public Inn. 
Her retired humour was out of the com- 
mon road, and the method she took to 
conceal herself from all her relations 
very unacOountable : it gave them just 
cause to suspect, that whenever she left 
her great fortune, it might probably fall 
into the hands of such as were sti'angert 
to her blood, and neither her own pru- 
dence, nor the interest of her kindred, 
be considered in the disposal; but herein 
she has deceived the world, if, as we ara 
told, she -has made a will, whereof her 
uncle Jennens is executor, and given her 

He died in 1751, and the Princess in 
J 7 59, leaving one son, Wi Ham Henry. 
Prince of Orange, and last Stadtholder." 

X Of the Prince and Princess of 
Orange ; see our vol. IV. p. 160,, 

§ "She was first cousin to the rich Mr. 
Jennens, of Acton. She never married, 
and had great singularities ; she left her 
fortune to her aunt, Hester Jennens, 
married to William Hanmer, esq. of 
Flintshire. Her executor was Charles 
Jennens, esq. her eldest uncle." 

.estate 



Review of New Publications. 



their u 
they a I 



4< 

telton* initenbted his ten children with- leemi 
out the belp oT a Doctor. Mr. Nash f, heart, 
a neigbhounDg ptntleman, did the like 
to eight; u did Lord Coventry to his 
three Bonai all or. whom went through 
the distemper lucceEsrully, and no ill 
consequence folloxed : notwithttanding 
this, the method loses ground, even in 
■ this eonnlry ,- for parents are tender and 
fearftll, not without hope iheir children 
may etcape this disease, or have it fa- 
TOurnblv; whereas, in the way of art, 
should it prove Tatal, they could never 
forgi+e themselves : for tliis reason, no- 
body dares to advise in the case; but set- 
ting- the dangers and the hazards on both 



[Jan 



o have : 
aluii 



sidi 



rail upon bis people t* use 
It endeavours tu lighten it i 
.press an ardent desire to do 
to i ana wnen bis Majesty has recovered 
the seres it y of his temper, be will na- 
turally refletv, with kind resentment, 
on those who have helped to restore it, 
and think on the properest means to 
make them sensible of it." 

Tbei« Extracts shall be concluded 
by a. Letter addressed to Dr. Hough, 
in .4 Delist 1703, when he was Bishop 
of Lii'hfield and Coventry, by thece- 
lebraleil Mr. Addison, soon after tho 



ies in cmS«.itTori to each other it is ""raled Mr. Addison, soon alter tho 
.t, I beh^^diiEcult to guess, ^hieh Je^th of !>> Jolher j who had been 



of them a wise and dispassii 
would choose! ■" 
TheXLirth Letter to Mri.Kmght- 

' ley, dated Feb. 1, 1791, " shews so 
much loyalty to his Sovereign, and 

' pays so iuit n tribute to Ibe memory 
of Querai CaruliBe, at the same lime 
that it exhibits so tii^ieriur and serene 
aq;iiiid of the Bishop in his 871b year," 
tkat Mr. Wilmot lias given afac-si- 
mile eogravin^ of it j and fur the 
nme reason it is here preserved : 



D<^an of Lichfield, and died in April 
of that year, before Mr. Addison wa* 
known by those writings which after- 
wardsso much distinguished him. Thit 
letter shews his allachment to the Bi. 
•hop, and his respect to the memory 
of hisFathec- 
"MvLoen, Aiiuterdam,Aug.^,K.S- 
" 1 have a long time denied mysolf 
the honour of writing to your Lordship, 
because I would not presume to trouble 
you with any of my private disappoint- 
ments, and at the same time did not 
think it proper to give you a detail of a 
Voyagethatlhopctopmsent your Lord- . 
ship with a general relation af ai my 
return to England. To finish the mis- 
fortunes that I have met with during 
my Travels, I have, since my coming 
into Holland, received the news of my 
Father's death, which is indeed the < 
most melancholy ne,iTS that I ever yet 
received. What makes.it the more so 
is, that I am informed he was so un- 
, happy as to do si^uie tilings, a liitle be- 
lijre he died, which were not agreeahlo 
to your Lordship. I have seen too many 
insi.inces of your Lordship's great hu- ' 
manity to duuht, that you will ror^ive 
any thing, which migcbt seem dit- 
thc present situation of our afT^rs, and obliging, in fine that had bis spirhs 
to Join in sucb measures, as may eifec- very much broken by age. sickness, aod 
tually promote the honour of the Nation afflictions. But at the same time I hope 
and the establishment of our pence ; but that the information 1 hava received on 
if party disgusts arise, our hopes will thissubjectis notwell-graunded, because 
depend upon the strength of our Pray- in a Letter, not long before his death, 
era, for little e«n be expected from the he comioanded me to preserve always a 
result of divided counsels, The King just Sense of duty and gratitude for tha 

> " Father of Georice the first Lorfl Lyttelton." 

t Father of Rev. Dr. Treadway Naih, author of the Historv ofWorcestershire, who 
died in January 1911, aged 85. See our first Part of Vol. LXXXLpp. 190, 393. 

5 " It did gn;at honour to the three persons here mentioned, that they withstood 
the strong prejadices against Inoculation, on its first introduelioo. There are 
timilar prejudices against Vacciiialion, uitroiiuced by Dr. Jenner, though neitber 
of thpm absolute novelties : but the latter has been approved by the moat eminent 
Otthe faculty, and is now generally practised. It has tbii great advuitage, that tt 
^oet not spread by contagion, like the Small Pox." 

( ^iihop 



concerned then 






181^0 



Review of New Puilicatums, 



49 



Bithop of UchfieM, yvho had been so 
great a benefactor to his family in general, 
and myself in partioutar*. This advice, 
tfaou^ it wa^B not necessary, may shew, 
however, the due respect he had for 
your Lordship; as it was ^ven at a 
time when men seldom dis^ise their 
sentiments. I must desire your Lord- 
ship to pardon the trouble of this letter, 
which 1 should never have taken the 
liberty to have written, had it not been 
to vindicate 0ne of the best of Fathers, 
and that to your L«rdship, whom, of all 
the world, I would not have possessed 
with an ill opinion of one I am so nearly 
related to. If t can serve your Lordship 
in this country, 1 should be very proud to 
receive any of your commands, at Mr. 
Moor's in Amsterdam. 1 am, my Lord, 
your Lordship's most dutiful and most 
obecUent servant, J. Addison." 

Two admirable Portraits are given 
of Bibhop Hough ; one, by Caroline 
Watson, from a painting ))y Sir God- 
frey Kneller in 1 690 ; the other by 
James Heath, from a painting by 
Dyer, set. 01.— -His tomb at Worces- 
ter is also admirably engraved by J. 
Neagle, from a drawing by J. Koss. 
The volume, which is handsomely 
|N*inted, is also adorned with five 
other Plates. 

2. ThefTorks tf tie Right Hmmtrahle 
Joseph Addison. J new Edition, with 
NHes, by Richard Hiird, D. D. Lord 
Bishop ^Worcester. Six Vols. %vo. 

THIS is one of the Literary Lega- 
cies bequeathed to the P ubiick by a Ute 
excellent and truly venerable Prelate ; 
who, la early life, had given his 
'* nights and days" to the study of 
Addison; and continued throughout 
life his warm admirer. 

The Advertisement of the Ri^ht 
Reverend Author is brief, but pithy. 

*' Mr. Addison is generally allowed to 
be the most correct and elegant of all 
our writers ; yet some inaccuracies of 
style have escaped him, which ft is the 
chief design of the following notes to 
point out. A work of this sort, weH ex- 
ecuted,, would be of use to foreigners 
who study our language ; and even to 



such of our countrymen as wish to write 
in perfect purity. R. VoRcester.** 

" Extract from a liCtter of Bishop War- 
burton to Dr. Hurd. 
" Gloucefter, Sept, 10, 1770. 

" Your ^nmmo/tfii/ pleasures, which 
you enjoy in studying the most correct 
of our great writers, Mr. Addison, can- 
not be greater than the poUtieal ones I 
taste, in reading, over algain, the most 
incmrrect of all good Writers (though 
not from his uicorrectness, which is 
stupendous) Lord Clarendon, in the 
late published ContinuaHtm of his His- 
tory. 1 charge you brin^ your Adcjison 
to to^n. Nothing is mmuHof to m^ 
^hich you turUe or think, 

" See < Letters from a late eminent Pre- 
late,' &c. Letter 237, 4to. 1808." 
'' And in Letter 328, in the same col- 
lection, Oct. 16, 17 1 0, the Bishop says, 

" Your reflections on Lord Clarendon 
are the truth itself. The History of 
his Life and Administration I have JQSt 
finished. Every thing is adihirable in it 
but the style ; in which your favourite 
and amiable Author [Mr. Addison] has 
infinitely the advantage. Bring him 
with you to town. There, I own, your 
late amusements have the advantage of 
mine. .It was an advantage I envied you.*' 

** Extract of a Letter from Dr. Hurd to 
the Rev. Mr. Mason, Residentiary of 
York. 

" Thurcaston, Oct. 26, 1770. 
'* You will ask what I have done in 
this long leisure ; not much indeed, to 
any purpose. My Lecture has slept: 
but 1 found an amusement in turning 
over the works of Mr. Addison. I set out, 
many years ago, with a warm admira- 
tion of this amiable writer. I then took 
a^ surfeit of his natural, easy manner ; 
and was taken, like my betters, with 
the raptures and high flights of Shaks- 
peare. But roaturer judgment, or le- 
nient age, (call it which you will) has 
now led me back to the favourite «of my 
youth. And, here, I think, I shall 
stick : for such useful sense, in so charm- 
ing words, I find not elsew^here. His 
taste is so pure, and his VtrgHian prose 
(as Dr. Young styles it) so exquisite, 
that I have but now fopnd out, at the 
close of a critical life, the full value of 
his wi^itings." 



* " It seems that the Dean had objected to, and entered a protest against, some 
measures of the Chapter, in the time of his predecessor. Dr. W. Lloyd ; and per- 
haps the Bishop might have lately assented to the opinion of hrs predecessor, and have 
differed from that of. the Dean upon them ; but Mr. Addison must have been right 
in snpjposing that he bad been misinformed, as to the Bishop, who, being a man 
of die utmost candour and liberality, could not have been offended on account of 
a mere difference of opinion in a matter of this kind." 

XiBi^r.MkQ. January yl^\% .Prefixed 



7 



50 



Iteview of New PvhUcatims. 



[Jan. 



Prefixed to these Voliimes is the 
followin|^ truly classical loscriptioDy 
, writteQ in 1805. 

" Eximio Viro, 
JosEPHQ Addison: 
GratiA, FahiA, FortunA commendato : ' 
Humanioribus Literis unic^ instructo ; 
baud tgnobili Poetae ; 
in Oratione soIutA contexend4 • 
summo Artifici ; 
Censori Morum 
fSnyi sand, sed et perjucundo, 
levioribus in Argumentis 
3ubridenti suavitdr, 
res etiam serias 
Lepore quodam suo conting^nti } 
Fietatis, porrb, sincene, 

hoc est, ChristtanaB, 

. Fide,VitA,Scripti8, 

studiossimo Cultori: 

eximio, proindd, Viro^ 

JoSEPHo Addison, 

Hoc monumentum sacrum esto/' 

The Works of Mr. Addison are 
here faithfully and correctly printed. 

The first Vohime contains all Mr. 
Addison's Poetical Works, including 
the Tragedy of Cato ; which are too 
well known to need any remark that 
we could give. To say, therefore, 
that the Bishop's Notes are excellent 
and judicious, is all that is necessary $ 
but we shall cop]^ the Introductory 
Note on Mr. Addison's *' Epistle to 
Dryden." 

" It would not be fair to criticise our 
Author's Poetry, especially the poetry 
of his younger days, Tciy exactly. He was 
not tkPoet Iwm; or, he had not studiedwith 
sufficient care the best models of Eng- 
lish Poetry. Whatever the cause might 
be, be had not the command of what 
. Diyden so eminently possessed, a truly 
poetic diction. His Poetry is only pure 
Prose, put into Verse. And/< non satis 
ettpurisversumpcrscribere verbis' How- 
ever, it may not be amiss to point out 
the principal delects of bis expression^ 
that his great example may not be plead- 
ed in exeuse of them." 

The Second Volume begins with 
*' Remarks on s^yeral Parts of Italy, 
&C. in the years 1701, 1702, and 
170S." 

*' These Travels are entertaining ; es- 
pecially to the classical reade^. But the 
expression in this agreeable narrative is 
frequently careless : or possibly the au- 
thor, in the time of his travels,, had not 
acquired the habit of that exact style, 
for which he was afterwards so famous. 
However, the general cast of the com- 
position is elegant^ and is even marked. 



occasionally, with that vein of humour 
which characterises the best works of 
Mr. Addison ; as the reader will obsenFe, 
more especially, in the chapter on ,the 
little -republick of 3t. Marino, and that 
of Meldingen in Switzerland." 

The remainder of the second Vo* 
Inme is filled with Mr. Addison'e 
Papers in the Tatler. 

" We" now enter on those parts of Mr. 
Addisoii's prose works, whi<ji have done 
him the greatest honour, and have 
placed him at the bead of those whom 
we ca^l our polite writers. , I know that 
many readers prefer Dr. Swift's prose to 
his; — but, whatever other merit the 
Dean's writings may have Yand they 
have, certainly, a great deal), I affirm 
it with conlSdence (because I hsivp ex- 
amined them both with care), that they 
are not comparable to Mr. Addison's, in 
the correctness, propriety, and elegance 
of expression, -r Mr. Addison possessed 
two talents, both of them very uncom- 
mon^ which singularly qualified him to 
excel in the following essays : I mean an 
exquisite knowledge of the English 
tongue, in all its purity and delicacy; and 
a vein of humour, which flowed natu- 
rally and abundantly from bim on every 
subject; and which experience hath 
shown to be inimitable. But it is in the 
former respect on^, that I shall criticise 
these papers ; and I shall do it with se- 
verity, lest time, and the authority of 
his name (which, of course, must become^ 
sacred) should give a sanction even to 
his defects. If any man of genius should 
be so happy, as to equal all the excel* 
lencies of his prose;, and to avoid the 
few blemishes, which may, haply, be 
found in it, be would be a perfect model 
of style, in this way of vfriting : but of 
such an one, it is enough to say at pre- 
sent (and I shall, surely, offend no good 
writer in saying it), 

* — — ■ hunc nequeo tnonstrare, et sentio 
tantUm.' ** 

As the Bishop has hinted at ble- 
mishesy we shall produce an .instance 
in whiclkhis Lordship has pointed out 
and corrected them. 

" * ITiey here began to breathed -— to 
' look andjeatitr^'} Two or three little 
blemishes, which the reader will observe 
in this sentence, may be removed by 
reading thus : — * They here began to 
breathe a delirious kind of aether, and 
saw all the fields about them covered 
with a [kind of] purple light, that made 
them reflect with satisfaction on their 
past toils, and diffused a secret ,)py 
through the whole assembly [which 
they^ed itself in every look and/eatuni]-^ 

Omitting 



1812.] 



Revim cf New Publications. 



Si 



Omittingp what is contained between the 
crotchets, for obrions reasons.*' 

The Spectator extends through the 
Third andr Foarth Voli^mes, and to a 
part pf the Fifth. 

** Of the ihfree periodical papers, in 
which Mr. Addison was happily induced 
to l>ear a part, the only one, which was 
planned by himself*, was the Spectator. 
And, how infinitely superior is the con- 
trivance of it, to that of the.other two ! 
— ^The notion of a club, ^ on which it is 
formed, not only gave a dramatic air to 
the Spectator, but a sort of unity to the 
conduct of it ; as it tied together the 
several papers, into what may be called ' 
•ne workf by the reference they all have 
to the same common design, — This de- 
sign too, was so well digested from the 
first, that nothing occurs afterwards 
(when the characters come out and she^ 
themselves at full ]en|^h, in the course 
of the work) for which we are not pre- • 
pared, by the general outline of them, 
as presented to us* in thfe introductory- 
papers ; so that, if we did not know the 
contrary, we might suspect that these 
papers, like the preface to it book, had 
b^n written after the. whole was printed 
off, and not before a syllable of 'it was 
composed. Such was the ^effect of the 
origUnal plan, and the care of its author, 

* Primo ne medium,^ medio ne discf'epet 
imum T 

** As for his coadjutor, Sir Richard 
Steele, he knew the world, or rather 
what is called the town, well, and had . 
a considerable fund of wit and humour ; 
but his wit was often forced, and his 
hamour ungraceful; not but his style 
would give this appearance to 6ach, 
being at once incorrect and heavy. His 
graver papers are universally hard and 
labour^, though, at the same time, 
6uperfi(:ia]. Some bett«r writers contri- 
buted, occasionally, tu carry on this 
work; but its success was, properly, 
owing to the matchless pen of Mr., Ad- 
dison." 

The Guardian is next in order : 

** The part^which Mr. Addison took 
in the Guardian seems to have been ac- 
cidental, and owin^ to the desire he had 
of serving poor D*Urfey: for his. first 
app^rance is on that occasion, at No. 
67, though, when he had once broken 
through Eds reserve, for this good pur- 
pose, w^ afterwards find his hand very 
beifieaOy in it." 



or No. LXVII. Bp. Hurd says. 



• Mr. Tickell says,' it wasr projected 
in concert with Sir Richard Steele, which 
comes to the saoie thing. 



'* This exquisite paper is above all 
praise. It apparently gave Mr? Pope 
the hint of his ironical compliment to 
Dennis ; which, indeed, is finely written, 
but has not, I think, altogether, the 
grace and unforced pleasantry of his 
original." 

We now meet with Mr. Addison as 
a Political Writer, in «' The present 
State of the War, and the Necessity 
of an Augmentation, considered;** and 
in the Whig Examiner. 

** The design of this work is to cen- 
sure the writings of others, and to give 
all persons a rehearing, who have suf* 
fcrred uiider any unjust sentence of the 
Examiner. As that author has hitherto 
proceeded, bis paper would have been 
wore properlyentitled the Executioner^.*' 

The Sixth Yolunve opens with the 
Freeholder. 

«*It is but justice to a great writer 
to distinguish between his hasty, and 
his deliberate compositions; between 
such of his works, as he had planned at 
his leisure, and finished with care, and 
such as he was called upon to furnish, on 
the sudden, not with a view to his own 
fame, but to the discharge of some ocr. 
casional duty, which a present emer- 
gency, or his character and station in 
ttfe, imposed upon him. Such was ap^ 
parently the case of the freeholders a 
set of periodical essavs, undertaken in 
the heat of the rebellion in 1715, and 
with the best purpose, of reconciling an 
abused people to the new succession ; at 
a time when the writer was deeply en- 
gaged in public business, and had scarce 
the leisure to produce these papers- so 
fast as they were demanded from him. 
For it was important,in that conjuncture, 
that the minds of men should be calmed 
and softened by some immediate applica- 
tions; and the general good taste ot that 
age made it expedient, that such appli- 
cations should be administered, not by 
an ordinary hand, but by the most 
polite and popular of our writers. — If 
these considerations be flowed their 
just weight, The Freeholder will be read 
with pleasure, and must even be thought 
to do no small credit to its author, though 
it be not always written with that force, 
or polished every where up to thsCt perfect 

X " We are to impute to this provoca* 
tion the peculiar keenness of our author's 
reproof in these papers. But one is si]^r- 
prised to observe how much of that keen- 
ness is directed against the style of his 
antagoniste The reason is, that tha 
good taste of that time would not endure 
a want of correct and just composition, 
even in a party-writer." Bp. Hurd. 

gra«c. 



5i 



Review of New Puhlkations^ 



[Jan. 



grace» which we admire so much ia the 
Tatter^ Spectator, and Guardian** 

The next Tract is, " On the 
Christian Religion.** 

<*The following work on the Christian 
Religion, has jgreat merit ; but, from the 
nature of it, required a greater detail 
in the execution. For, as an antient 
writer* has well observed,^ ^o/um et mi- 
nus plenum, cum tanta ferum multitudo 
m (tngustum coaretanda sit ; et brevitate 
ipsd minus clantmy maxima cUm et ar- 
gumenta plurima et exempla, in quibus 
lumen est probationum, necesse sit preeter' . 
irL However, the plan was ably con- 
ceived, and would, without doubt, if the 
author had lived, have been drawn out 
to a just extent. For we are told, he 
had taken great pains in collecting' ma- 
terials for it, and was more assiduous in 
digesting them^ than his health would 
well o/Zotf/'K^-Thus our Addison, like the 
admirable Pascal, closed his valuable life 
in meditating a defence of the Christian 
Religion. One is not surprised to find 
this agreement in the views of two such 
men ; the *one, the sublimest genius, 
and the other, the most cultivated, of 
modern times. But there was this la- 
mented difference in their story. The 
spirit of Jansenism, falling on a temper 
naturally scrupulous, and a constitution, 
always infirm, threw a sombrous fanatic 
air on Pascal's religious speculations, as 
it did on his life : while our happier coun- 
tryman, by the benefit of better health, 
ai^ jiV^ter principles, maintained a con- 
stant sobriety in the conduct of each.'* 

** The Drummer, or the Haunted 
House, with a Preface by Sir Richard 
Steele, in an Epistle dedicatory to Mr. 
Congreve, occasioned by Mr. TickeU's 
Preface to the four volumes of Mr. Ad- 
dison's Work?. " 

The Work 8 are <;lused with " A Dis- 
course on Anlient and Modern Learn- 
ing ; on which the Bishop laysy 

*< There can be no doubt of the 
genuineness of this piece. The internal 
\ mark^oflts author are many and unequi- 
vocal ; as must, I think, appear to every 
attei^tive readurwho has anyacquaintance 
with Mr. .Addison's style' and manner. 
But I should guess that it was dra>^n up^ 
by him in his younger days, and that^t 
was not retouched, or at least finished 
by him. The reason might be, that he 
had afterwards worked up the principal 
observations of this piece into his critical 
jiaixrs on Milton." 

A copious Index is annexed to each 
of the Volumei. 

— I - I- in - I - *■ 1 - I II ■-_L_L-Lj. 

♦ " Lactantius, Ep. D. J. pr«f." 
t " Life by Mr. Tickell." 



' J 3. Dibdin's JBibliomama ; 

continued from vol, LXXXI. ii. p, 458. 

WE are now arrived at the period 
of Modern Bibliography. 

** Before the .dispersion of his grand 
collection, died John Bridges, a gende- 
' man, a scholar, and a notorious book* 
collector. The catalogue of his books ik 
almost the first classically arranged one 
in the eighteenth century : and it must 
be confessed that the collection was 
both curious and valuable. Bridges was 
succeeded by Anthony ColHns, the ,Free 
Thinker; a character equally strange 
and unenviable. Book-fanciers now and 
then hid a few shillings for a copy of the 
catalogue of his library; and some sly 
free-thinkers, of modern date, are not 
backward in shewing a sympathy in 
their predecessor's fame, by the readi- 
ness with which they bid a half-guinea, 
or more, for a priced copy of it." 

"Maittaire's collection must have 
been uncommonly numerous; and of 
their intrinsic value the rea,der will hest 
judge by the followi)ig extract from the 
< Advertisement,' by Cock the auction- 
eer, at the hack of the title-page: 
* Though the books, in their present 
condition, make not the most ostenta- 
tious appearance, yet, like the late 
worthy possessor of them, however plain 
their outside may be, they contain 
within an invaluable treasure of inger 
nuity and learning. In fine, this is, 
(after fifty years* diligent search and lat- 
bour in collecting) the entire library qf 
Mr. Mttittairet whose judgment in the 
choice of books, as it ever was confess- 
ed, so are they, undoubtedly, far be- 
yond whatever 1 can attempt to say in 
their praise. In exhibiting them thus 
to the publick, I comply with the will 
of my deceased friend ; and in printing 
tlie catalogue from his own copy just as 
he left it (though by so doin^ it is the 
more voluminous) I Bad aii opportunity 
not only of doing the justice I owe to 
his memory, but also of gratifying the 
curious.' ** 

Dr. Mead and Martin Folkei are 
next introduced : 

** Yes, ever renowned Richard Mead t 
t\^y phatTnacopaal reput.'«tion is lost in 
the blaze of thy bibliotnaniacal gl6ry ! 
iEsculapius may plant his herbal crown 
round thy brow, and Hygeia may scatter 
her cornucopie of roses at thy feet— but 
what are these things compared with 
the homage offered thee by tne Gesaers, 
BaiUets, and Le Longs of old ? What 
avail even the roseate blushes of thou- 
sands, whom thy |nedical skill may kava 
snatched from at premature grave — 

- compared 



1 8 1,2.] Jteaiew qf New :Publications. 53 

compared with the life» vigour^ anima- Italy and Germaajr. The works oa na- 
jticMi» and competition which thy exam- tural history,, coins, medals, and in- 
ple infused into the ftoo^-«oorlrf /— -The scriptions, and on the fine arts in gene- 
tears shed by virtuous bibliomaniacs at ral, formed the most valuable depait- 
Harley's deivtb, were speedily wiped ment — those on the Greek, Latiy, and 
away, when the recollection of thine, English classicks, were comparatively of ' 
and of tl>y contemporary's, jFbMei^s inferior importance.*' , 
fame, was excited in their bosoms. II- « „ , „ .^ *v,. .. 
lastrious Bibliomaniacs ! your names „ ^ut there is yet, says Mr. Dibdin, 
and memories will always live in the 'j^ lUustnous tribe to be recorded. 
hearU of noble-minded Literati : the ^® '**^®» ""^> Richm-dRawlimon^ bro- 
treasuree of your museums and libraries ^^^^ ^^ ^^^ renowned Tom FoHo, whose 
— ^your Uberal patronage and ever-active cl^oice and tasteful collection of books^ 
exertions in the cause of v»9ti^~- whether " recorded in auctioneering annals, is 
connected with corns, pictures, or books deserving of high commendation. But hU 
— can never be banished at least from "?«?« ^^ virtues are better known in the 
my grateful mind: — And if, at this so- University te %ihich he was a benefec 
lemn hour, when yonder groves and ser- ^^^> ^.?*» *o J*^® "^isy circles of the me- 
pentine walks are sleeping in the quiet tropobs. The sale of Orator Henley'i 
of moon-light, your spirits could be seen ^J" ' foUowed hacd upon' that of 
placidly to flit along, I would burst Rw^ard Rawhnson s ; and if the spi- 
from this society, dear and congenial as "^7 ^^^^ ^^^^^ «»"~» *">"» "« * S>1* 
itis — to take your last instructions, or *"°» have witnessed the grimaces and 
receive your last warnings, respecting jokes which marked the sale— the dis- 
the rearing of a future age of BibUoma- Y^^^^ countenances and boisterous 
niacs! — Ye were, in good earnest, no- iaujhter wh)ch were to be seen on aU 
ble hearted book-heroes !" sides— how it must have writhed under 
-. ^ . , ^. -ui * J 11 thesmartof general ridicule, or groaned 
" It IS almost impossible to dwell on u„der the torture of contemptuous in- 
the memory of thu great man (Mead) dignation. Peace to Henley's vexed 
without emotions of delight — whether ,„a„e#/-and similar contempt await 
we consider hlm^ as an eminent phy* ^h^ efforts of all literanr qiiicks and 
Bician, a friend to hteraturc, or a col- philosophical knaves I" 
lector of books, pictures, and coins. Be- „, , . 
nevolertce, magnanimity, and erudition, " We have just passed over the bar 
were the striking featurck of his eharac- **>*<^ separates the one half of the 18th 
ter. His house was the general recep- century from the other : and among the 
tacle of men of genius and talent, and ensuing eminent collectors, whose brave 
of eveiy thing beautiful, precious, or fronts strike us with respect, is General 
rare. His curiosities, whether books, -D<»^»k»- : a soldier who, I warrant you, 
or coins, or pictures, were freely laid ***^ ^^^^^ many a cannon, and stormed 
open to the pubUck , and the enterpris- ™*ny » rampart, with success. But he 
ing student, and experienced antiquary, could not resist the raging influence of 
alike found amusement and a courteous ^^^ Book-Mania ; nor could all his em- 
reception. He was known toall foreign- Erasures and entrenchments screen bim 
ers of intellectual distinction, and cor- fr»™ ^^^ attacks of this insanity. > His 
responded both with the artisan and the collection was select and valuable— 
poteaute. The great patron of litera- W« ^*^c before noticed a celebrated di- 
ture, and the teader of his profession, plomatic character, Omsul Smith, and 
it was hardly possible for modest merit, spoken with due respect of his library, 
if properly introduced to liim, to depart ^^^ "» ^^c^e, therefore, pass by him, in 
unrewarded or ungratifled. The clergy "'^^Icr to Uke a full and complete view of 
and, in general, all men of learning, » Non-Pareil Collector : the first who, 
received his advice gratuitously: and 8mce the day^ of Richard Smith, revived 
his doors were open eveiy morning to ^^^ ^ovo of black-letter lore and Cax- 
the most indigent, whom he frequently Ionian typography— need I say James 
assisted with money. Although his in- ^^** ^ 

come, from his professional practice, « Ail hail to thee— transcandent bibr 

was v^ry considerable, he died by no Uotna^iacof other times !^-of times, in 

means a rich man — so large were the which my father liye4 and procured, 

sums which he devoted to the tncou- at the sale of thy precioi^s book-tr^a- 

ragement of literature and the fine arts!" sures, not a few of those rare volumes. 

" The collection of Miv Folkes was an which have so much gladdened the eyea 

exceedingly fine obc ; enriched with ®^ Lisardo." 

many books of the choicest description, «Jn the preceding, the same, an€ 

which ho had acquired in his travels in suUequent ytar^ there wai sold by auc- 
tion 



54 



Reoiem of Nao Ptiblkations. 



[JaD« 



tMn a viiy enriout and extraoi^inaiy 
collection of Booka and Prints belongkif 
to honest Tom Martin, qfPaigrmfe, in 
Suffolk; a collector of whom Herbert 
haa^ 4>pon ^several occaBions, spoken 
with a sort of veneration. If Lavater's 
'system of physiog^nomy happen to re* 

* ceive your approbation, you will con- 
clude, .upon contemplating^ Tom's frank 
countenance — of which a cut placodes 
the title-page of the first catalogue- 
that the collector of Palgrave must have 
been * a fine old fellow.' Martin's book 

Suffsuits were miscellaneous, and per- 
aps a little too wildly followed up : but 
some good fortune contributed to (Vimish 
his collection with volumes of singular 
curiosity." 

" The year following the sale of Mr. 
West's books, a * very curious and valu- 
able collection, chiefly of English litera- 
ture, was disposed of by auction, by 
Paterson, who published the catalogue 
under the following title : < Bibliotheca 
Jlfontutico-FUteuwHana,** 

In noticing Dr. A skew ^ we stop to 
correct a small error, He died in 
" 1774," not »* 1175." 

" Those^ho recollect the zeal and 
acholarship of this illustrious biblioma- 
niac, and the preoious volumes with 
' which his library was stored, from the 
choice collections of De Boze^ Galgnat, 
Mead, and Folkes, cannot but sigh with 
grief of heart on reflecting upon such a 
victim ! How ardently, and how kindly, 
(as I remember to have heard one of his 
intimate friends say] would Askew un- 
lock the stores of his glittering book-- 
treasuite ! — open the magnificent folio, 
or the shining duodecimo, prinied upon 
^veUum, hnd embossed with golden knobs, 
^ or held fast with silver clasps ! How 
carefully would he unrol the curious 
manuscript^ decipher the half effaced 
charac)ters — and then, casting an eye of 
ecstacy over the shelves upon which si- 
milar treasures were lodged, exult in 
the glorious prospect before him ! But 
Death — ^who, as Horace tells us, equally 
exercises the knocker of the paJaco and- 

• cottage<<loor, made no scruple to rap at 
that of 'our renowned Doctor — when 
Askew, with all his skill in medicine 
and knowledge of books, yielded to the 
aumroons of the grim tyrant— and died 
lamented, as he lived beloved !" 

'* Dr. Askew had eminently distin- 
gnkhed himself by a refined taste, a 
sound knowledge, and an indefatigable 
researdi, relating to every thing con- 
nected with Grecian and Roman litera- 
ture, .It was to be expected, ofen dur- 
ing hi9 ]ife» M he ffm potiested of «tt£- 



ficient means to gratify himsdf with 
what was- rare, curious, and beantifu) 
in literature and the fine arts, that the 
publick would, one day, be benefited 
by such pursuits i especialfy as he had 
expressed a wish that his treasures might 
be unreservedly submitted ta sale after 
his ^kctase. In this wish the Doctor 
was not singular. Man^r eminent col- 
kctgn had indulged it before him r and, 
to my knowledge, many modem ones 
still indulge it." 

" Dr. Askew's sale, has been consi- 
dered a sort of era in bibliography. Since 
that period, rare and curious books in 
Greek and Latin literature have been 
greedily sought after, and obtained [as 
a recent sale abundantly testifies] at 
. roost extravagant prices. It is very well 
• for a veteran in bibliographical litera- 
>ture, as was Mr. CracherodeT" or as are 
Mr. Wodhull, and Dr. Gosset — whose 
collections were, in part, formed in the 
days of De Bure, Gaignat, Askew, Duke 
de la Valliere, and Lamoignon— ^it is 
very well for such gentlemen to declaim 
against modem prices I But what is to be 
^ne; Classical books grow scarcer every 
day, and the love of literature, and of 
possessing rare and interesting works, 
increases in an eqoal ratio. Hungnr 
bibliogvaphers meet, at sales, with welf- 
fumisbed purses, and are resolved upon 
sumptuous fare ! Thus the hammer vi- 
hrates, after a bidding of forty pounds, 
where formerly it used regularly to/a// at 
fourr 

** It remains only to add, that Dr. As' 
hew was a native of Kendal, in West- 
moreland ; that he practised as a physi- 
cian there with considerable success, 
and, on his establishment in London, 
was visited by all who were distinguished 
for learning, and curious in the fine arts. 
Dr. Mead supported him with a sort of 
paternal 'zeal; nor did he find in his/wo- 
tegi an ungrateful son. [See the Direc- 
tor, vol. I. p. 309.] Few minds were 
probably more congenial than^ were 
those of Mead and Askew : the former 
had, if I may so speak, 'a magnificence 
of sentiment, which infiised into the 
mind of the latter just notions of a cha- 
racter aiming at solid intellectual fame ; 
without the petty arts and dirty tricks 
which we now see too frequently pursued 
to obtain it. Dr. Askew, with less pecu- 
niaxy means of gratifying it,' evinced an 
equal ardour in the pursuit of books, 
MSS. ^d inseriptions, I have heard 
from a "veiy worthy old gentleman, who 
used to revel 'midst the luxury of 
Askew's table, that few men exhibited 
their books and pictures, or, as it is 
called^ shewed the lAonsp better than did 

the 



1812.1 Review of New Publications. $5 

the Doctor. Of bis attainments in ^hazard a comparison between Mr. James 

Gieek and Roman literature it becomes West* s and Mr. Jobn Ratdiffe's coHec- 

not me to speak, wben sucb a scbolar as tions, I sboirid say Ast tbe fbrmer wm' 

Dr. Farr has been most eloquent in more extensive, tbe latter more cttriova. 

their praise. — I should observe that tbe Mr. West's, like a ma^i6cent ehmm*. 

BfSS. of Dr. Askew were separately sold j^agne, executed by the hand of Olaude' 

in 17B1» and produced a veiy consideri> or Both, and enclosing mountains, mea- 

able sum. The Appendix to Scapt^a* dows, and streams, presented to the eye 

published in an 8vo volume in 17b9» of the beholder a scene at once luxuri- 

was compiled from one of these MSS." ant and fruitful : Mr. Ratcliffe's, like one 

** \ti \'ne dieA John RaicJiffe' euL, oi °^ ^^^^ conaned pieces of scenenr, 

Bermondsey, a bibliomaniac of a very touched by the pencil of Rysdael or Hob- 



peculiar character. If he had contented 
himself with his former occupation, and 
frequented the butter and cheese, in- 
stead of the book, market— >if he could 
have fanded himself in a brown peruke, 
and Russian apron, instead of an em- 
broidered waistcoat, velvet breeches, 
and flowing periwig, he might, perhaps 
have enjoyed greater longevity ; but, in- 
fatuated by the CaxUmi and fFpnkyn de 
Wtirdes of the West and Fletewode col- 
lections, he fell into the snare; and the 
more he struggled to disentangle him- 
self, the more certainly did he become a 
victim to the disease." 

** The .Catalogue was collected with 



bima, exhibited to the beholder^s eye a 
spot equally interesting, but less varied 
and extensive: the judgment displayed 
in both mi^t be the same. The sweep- 
ing foliage and rich pasture of the for- 
mer, could not, perhaps, afford greater 
gratification than the thatched cottage, 
abrupt declivities, and gushing streams 
of the latter. To change the metaphor 
—-Mr. West's was a magnificent reposi- 
tory, Mr. Ratcliffe's, a cabinet of curio- 
sities. — Of some particulars of Mr. Rat- 
cUffe's life, I had hoped to have found 
gleanings in Mr. Nichols's Anecdotes tf 
Bvwyer ; but his name does not even 
appear in tbe index ; being probably re- 
served for the second forth-coming en* 



great judgment and expense, during the ^^rged edition. Meanwhile, it may not 
last thirty years of his life: comprehend- ^e uninteresting to remark that, hTce 



ing a large and most choice collection of 
the rare old English black-letter, in fine 
preservation, and in elegant bindings, 
printed by Caxton, Letton, Machlinia, 
the anonymous St, Alban's School- 
master, Wynkyn de Worde, Pynson,- 
Berthelet, Grafton, Day, Newberie, 
Marshe, Jugge, Whytchurch, Wyer, 
RasteU, Coplande, and the rest of the 
Old English Typographers : several mis- 
sals and MSS. and two Pedigrees, on 
vellum, finely illumina^. — The title- 
page then sets forth a specimen of these 
black-letter gems; among which our 
eyes are dazzled with a galaxy of Cax- 
tons, Wynkyn de Wordcs, Pynsons, &c. 
&c.^ The sale took place on March 97, 
1776 ; although the year is unaccount- 
ably omitted by that renowned auctio-. 
neer, the late Mr. Christie, who disjiosed 
of them. — If ever there was a tmvjue 
collection, this was one — ^he very 
esseace of Old -Divinity, Poetry, Roman- 
ces, and Chronicles ! The articles wer». 
only I675 in number ; but their intrinsic 
value amply compensated for their pau- 
eity." 

** I beg pardon of the mmes of * John 
Katdiffe, esq/ Uax the very inadequate 
manner in which I have brought forward 
hiseollection to public notice. The' 
iBemory of saeh a man ought to t>e dear 
to tbe * hiaek-letter-dogs ' of the present. 
^7; for he had [minbile dictu !] np- 



Magliabechi, (vide p. 115,- ante) he im- 
bibed, his love of reading and collecting, 
from the accidental possession of seraph 
and leaves of books. The fact is, Mr. 
Ratcliffe once kept a chastdler's shop in 
the Borough ; and, as is the case witb 
all retail traders, had great quantities of 
old books brought to him to be pur- 
chased at so much per pound/ Hetto^ 
arose his passion lor collecting the hlaek" 
letter, as well as StUton cheeses: and 
hence, by unwearied assiduity, and at- 
tention to business, he amassed a suffi- 
ciency to retire, and live, for the re- 
mainder of his days, upon the luxuiy of 
old English Literature r 

Two Tery illustrious Btbliomaniacs, 
the Hon, Topham Beauchrk and the 
Rev, Thomas Crqfls, cbmenext ontbc 
course.; — For these we refer to the 
Tolume, observing only that 

** Beauclerk's Catalogue is a fair spe- 
cimen of the analytico-bibliograpfaical 
powers of Paterson : yet it must be con- 
fessed that this renowned champion of 
catalogue-makers shines with greater, 
and neai ly perfect, sj>lendor, in the col- 
lection of the Rsv, Thomas Crofts^-^Sk 
collection, which, taking it *• for all in 
all,' I know not whether it be exceeded 
by any which this country has recorded 
in the shape of a private catalof^. 
The owner was a modest, carelii], and 
acutely, safpacious bibUomaniac : learned. 



■«»* fT mrfy aM**^/-;K I might „tited, ySt com«uBi«Uive.' 



W« 



5S 



Review of New Publications. 



[Jan. 



We thall for the present dismiM 
the ** BiUiomaiiia*' with a remark 
•nfgeijted by ui Occasional Corres- 
pOMent : 

** I think the ingenious Author has 
fallen into a mistake respecting the num- 
ber of large-paper copies which were print- 
ed of the first edition of Grey's Hudibras. 
In p. 600 of Mr. Dibdin's book, he says, 

* there were biit twelve copies of the 
first and best edition of Dr. Grey's labours 
upon Hudibras printed upon large- 
paper.' I have now lying by me a Sub- 
scription copy of that work, containing 
a list of the subscribers, and in which 
those whose names are marked with 
asterisks are stated to be subscribers for 
Copies on * royal paper.' They amount 
in number (including duplicates) to one 
hundred and thirty one. Possibly there 
may have been a distinction betweeii the 

• large paper ' copies alluded to by Mr. 
Dibdin, and the * royal paper ' copies 
which I have just Enumerated. If so, 
there must have been copies on three 
different sorts of paper. It is somewhat 
curious that one of these volumes was 
printed at Cambridge, and the other in 
London. 1 wait with impatience for the 
Reverend Gentleman's forth-coming 
publication, which is to be intituled ' The 
Gentleman's Library Companion.' " 

(to be continued.) 

4. The Battles qf, Talavera. A Poem, 
Sixth JSdiiionf corrected, with some 
jidHHons. leiOjSt/o.i^.Sd. Murray. 

5. l%e BaUles tf the Danube, ai2<f Bar- 
rosa. 1811; Svo. pp. 97, Murray. 

These are the true Tyrt^an strains 
which invigorate the hearts of English- 
men, and inspire even the brave with 
additional courage. 

In the first of these elegant Poems 
the Poet thus describes the British 
Army and their gallant commander : 

*' Oh, for a blaze from heaven to light 
The wonders of that gloomy fight 

The guerdon to bestow. 
Of which the sullen envious night 

Bereaves the warrior's brow ! 
Darkling they fight, and only know 
If chance has sped the fatal blow, 
Or, by the trodden corse below. 

Or by the dying groan : 
Furious they strike without a mark, 
Save now and then the sulphurous spark 
Illumes some visage grim and dark. 

That with the flash is gone ! 

Promiscuous death around they sepd. 
Foe falls by foe, and friend by friend. 

Heaped in that narrow plam. 
But, with the dawn, tbe^ victors view 
Ten gallant French the valley strew 



For every Briton slain : 
Thty view with not unmiogled pride- 
Some anxious thoughts their souls, divide^ 

Their throbbing hopes j^strain, 
^ fiercer field must yet be tried, 
Hundrieds of foes they see have died. 

But thousands still remain. 
I^rom the hill summit they behold. 
Tipped with the morning'a orient goi4. 

And swarming o'er the fi^ld, 
Full fifty thousand muskets bright, ' 
Led by old warriors trained to fight. 

And all in conquest skilled : 
With twice their number doomed to try 
The unequal war, brave souls ! they cry, 
* Conquer we may, perhaps must die. 

But never, never yield.' 

Thus ardent they: but who can tell, 
In Wellesley's heart what passions swMl, 
ASliat cares must afgitatb his mind. 
What wishes, doubts, and hopes com- 
bined. 
Whom with bis country's chosen bands. 
'Midst cold allies, in foreign lands, 

Outnumb'ring foes surround ; 
From whom that country's jealous call. 
Demands the blood, the fame of all ; 
To whom 'twerie not enough to fall, 

Unless with victor^ crowned. 
Oh heart of honour, soul of fire, 
Even at that moment fierce and dire^ 

Thy agony of fame ! 
When Britain's fortune dubious hung. 
And France tremendous swept along. 

In tides of blood and flame : 
Even while thy genius and thy arm 
Retrieved the day and turned the storm. 
Even at that moment, factions spite *, 
And envious fraud essayed to blight 

The honours of thy name. 

He thinks not of them : —from that 

height 
He views the scene of future fight. 
And, silent and serene, surveys 
Down to, the plain where Telo stays. 
The woods, the streams, the mountain 
ways. 

Each dell and sylvan hold : 
And all his gallant chiefs around 
Observant watch, where o'er the ground 

His eagle glance has rolled. 

* *' The calumniators of Sir Arthur 
Wellesley have been so industrious in 
publishing their malignity, that It is 
unnecessary to recal to the public ob- 
servation any particular instance of it. 
In reading their base absutdities, one 
cannot but recollect the expression of 
Marshal Villars (I think it was) to Lewis 
XIV. * Sire, je vais combattre vo» en- 
«nemis, &. je vous laisse au milieu det 
miens.' — Sir Arthur, much worse treat- 
ed than M. de Villars, says nothing about 
if, but beats his country's enemies, and 
despises his own." 

Few 



' t 



Jkmint^thit^lU^.ixfimA^thtyp SkilTd in tlie fdence of tiM Mqmw 

Wbeftt t» caomoH the loote vnj. What Ptef t band t ball dare lafuMb 

Or wbcn the line unfoM i For those that on Chtclana fell, ' 

They iaw»* thcgr fek, i wlMt ha would tagr^ Ta twoap the deep tonorout shelly 



S7 



And tba btft erdar of th«t di^» 

It was his eye that tM. 
Prophetuv to each chief he showi^ 
On winp or centre, where the ibat 

Will poor their ftiiy molt, 
A>iiits oat what ^rtion of the field 
To their advanee 'twere good to yield. 

And what must not be lost. 
* Away, away! ,tbe adverse power 

Marshaky and nioves his host. 
*Tia come, 'tis come, the trial hoor^ 

Eadi to bis destined post. 
And when you teharge, be this yonr.ary, 
Britons strike home, and win or die,— 

The gnwre or victory I' *' 

We haTe classed these Poems to* 



rae as the one that sweetly told, 

HowWeilasley fought the rebd-^ul, 
Sxperienc'd, artful, wise and boldi 
When loud and dread tlie thunder raU'd 

Round Talavera's purple waU i 
And iurely those -that fell to-day. 
Deserve as sweet, as warm a lay—* 
As chaste a aeal— as bright a tear 
As ever grac'd the warrior's bierf— • 
A voice as pure and unconfin'd 
As ever told the sorrowing mind, 

Qr for the wretched sung ! 
Then, Croker, seize tlie vaulted lyrt« 
And glowing with the warrior's fire. 
Record the tumult dark and dire 

That round Barrosa rung ! 



retBer, as the second is dedi<^ted to Sing, Minstrel, sing how, fierceandbold, 

flie Author 0^ the first (Mr. Cfokcr, T'he Bntonsseiz'd with iron hold, 

Secn^rj to thaAdmiraUy). andfol- L^^tlrin^^hli^^^^^^ 

lows It pa»8aus ttquU. ^^^ „^^ ^^^ p,>d ^er fuiy mo?t, 

'* The Just celebrity and extensive cir- Still resolutely fierce ; 

culatioa of * the Battles of Talavera,' And how they huiTd, triumphant still, 

induced the Author of the following Their sullen vengeance from the hill, 
PoeoM to tiy bow far the sanguinary Her column'd horse to pierce t 

eoofliets on the banks of the Danube, And how they reach'd, with solenut 
itlpoB a similar i^an, might prove sue* . tread, 

ecMfiil. He has been as attentive as The red-cross blazing o'er the dead, 
possible to the fscts related in. the The 'vantage ground ;— and how, 

various official papers upon those events, Down, down the steep, with rapid feet 

and sincerely hopes the present attempt They hurl'd their glittering blades t^ 
nay not prove altogether undeservinf^ of meet 

public patronage." The re-ascending foe ! 

There are many splendid passages ^ And let us hear the cymbal-clang 

in the *' Battles of the Danube ;" but That down the distant valley rang;-' 

we shall select one from the " Figbl The bugle's echo, shrUl and deep, 

«r RArrnca •'» That 's answcr'd from the mountain^ 



of Barrosa : 

«< Where Graham and his little band 



steep,— 
The cannon's loud and measured roar» 



Pursued the Gauls, with sword in hand. Resounding o'er the field of gore,— 
. , Beneath the morning light I The squadron's swift and hollow treads— 



And from their giant grapple tore. 
Already drench'd in human gore. 
And boasting of its deeds of yore^ 

Their eagle-ensign gay. 
As o'er Chicluia's l^ealt^ plain, 
pown from Barrosa's heights amaun, , 

They held their glorious way !" 

' After an appropriate q notation from 
Mr. Crokers Poera, his Brother Bard 



The moans of those that vainly fled,— 
The clash of bavonet and steel,— 
The trumpet's bold and martial peal«-* 
The mingling shouts and horrid cries 

That rent the crimson air, 
Where, thro' the smoke, the sabras rife 
A glittering^ forest to the sides. 
To fill the wanton sacrifice 

Of Ruin and Despair I ' 
And let us hear the charging tramp 



proceedf: 

-WeU «»£. weet Minstrel! .uch a lay ^long the "^-^'";j<'*'''*fl""°P'- 

ur.^ «^Jk^ «r ♦!»« .«««^«..4- .4o« And faintly see, remotely flymg, 

Were worthy of the present d^;- ^^^ ^^^^^^ ^ ^^^^ ^^J^ 



Strains so sublime might well aidom 
Hbe feats of that auspicious morn. 

That saw the cowards yield { 
llHien Britain, pressing on their rear. 
Triumphant wav'd her azure spear, 
And blew her trumpets far and near, ^ 

Across the smoky field. 

%j3irt.yLkQ, Jtmu$ny, 181 S. 

8 



Where, o'er the dead and o'er the dyings 

His giant horsemen fadl! • 

T«ll how they fought and howtb^ flad» 
And how their trodden (jprses bleil. 
And how the relics of the dead, 

Layscatitafdea'rttieplaioi _. ^ 

WhOa 



u 



Rmift0 t^ff^ Put&Mmk 



\H^. 



While Bmtfn, ttimfi^ «A bet iM^W, 
RemaiilM' the itdMtfaHrorr tbe ^M^ 

- For t.ib«ty aiid l^^ii ?* *^ 

Awake, ^walie tb«9k^B^iirfi«« ' . 
Tbat livrt *Iong; *l» itartftl lyre, ' 
8ktti!h ^ft^ & b6ld AAd ht^^ h&AA 

The mtthifanouB «ceftfe, . ' *: 
Where cohmms cldse, and lin^l ^|^Md> 
And Shnt^ter waves hei* iron Mm 

Swift rashing o*er the ^reent 
Weave tti thft leom e^eb horrid kftiA 
That rides opoQ the battle- rtoTilS 
^he Biltten trahs that dimly gl6am 
Before the sulphur's aMrre stream, 
When rank on ramk cdttmrngliii^ Ml, 
And devastatSott tffafonils th«in all. 

Weave yai the loom the tear^^r-tbe ^oes . 
That many a parent £eeU and shows, 
Thp sorrowing hearts ol maidens fak*. 
That weep and hope and yet^despair,. 
The feeiin^ sweet that Nature owns. 
The shrieks-»t]»e pcay'rs-^tbe slifled 

moansb 
That,, Car and wide^ dSstraitrt the ea]r» 
Where horsemen hold Ihcii fleel career, 
T^ dreadlol UuMigfalft tliat sway the 

hxeas^ 
Whet'e Love has fixt his halmy nest, 
T^ vseck 9f hopes that •ecm.'ji t» 

bloom V 

Auspioiaua tbraf the battle-^oomy, 
Of k^s tfaa^ J^ancy loves to scan 
\vk tbas eventrol scene of nuui, 
Ai)d .ail thp antidjMKted blks, ^ 
Felt in a gldbmy sphere like this I 

Oh, weave thetn al)^ te Harrow's eyb 
With rapiure views them all pass b^', - 
She fecb at every piilse the fire 
That glowa u|K>n thy darling lyre. 
And, &ellng'> owns tbat none so \vell 
As' thou, can strike tbe sounding shell 1 

ThfB^ why focbfiav?^is there bo theme 
To luM tbst to Ctelatia's stream ? 
>4»4HBtaoM smrdet that yet oontroitl 
Thy- nuitfti^l imdexaltcd soul. 
And proB^H theb^ in their generous cage, 
'Po'pmse, dace mare, th* admiring age, 
WhiM appiobotHm ficmdfy proves, 
How much thy w«ffrioi>st>ng it loves, 
Tbat age which oa t% brow hat plac'd 
The clMiplct cf superior taate. 
And on thy ofihpriBf fixt the di« 
Of pleasing istoMntaKtyr 

an Mputk dedietUe^ to Lord Wdling* 

ton. dvo. Hatchard*^ 

AO'AI^fr Um roajrtiai tlrain retoundfli 
mod again wc aiiat awaidihe metd of 
primt t# Ih^ Author of a IFotm i 
which X«t aa able ^Critic* baa ob- 
ferred), tbou^ daei|iMif, » in aaaie 
parts ei^eedw}(tyM»iriteA, aoil de^ 
Mfffiftratet conaideraole talents. 

^.JSritiftb Cntipj NoY« leU, p. 1^ 



« On mkMi e( bbwdtMfft fbaatiw 
Thro* r^nvil ftkM bit fitflvt» cu»s 
And twice aib ota^da in t]l#Weit 
Oil MMMa t>f biMd bad iuflali totaatf 
When tha«^r«^iiig|a ter'Vmilr4qMiAr ' 
Thro' closlng'twtUglinibad^wt diia^ 
In gratHodi t» Hea/ttn atose^ 
For vidl^ry o'ArAa rutMtat fdcsj • < ■' 
Then^^ WelltRgto Vi <tbyi tiiiiwpb twMt, 
Then dbudless tltumi thiy warrior faaat'i ' 
When to tha Viygiiv mother l»w» r : 
The Luftitanlan patriots bow | 
To thank her tbat ytt oac« again# 
Tho' b^tne o'er many a mined ^abl. 
They breathed tba air of 'l)bertj» 1 
Mingled wa^ maxiy a pray«» fbr tbea; «. 
Wlloi^ valiant baad wtas wif^tA'd tut 



iave, 
E*Bn on the brinfe of Fraedamli gva^c* 



t* 



g- *>■ 



7. JF^€ aitd umtff^M SeUgiom. 4 S^t^ 
vk/$n% pr^sc)^ A^ore, the Governors ^ 
the $co{ish Momffti i» i>ondon, ^th0> 
Foundation of Kmg Charles IJf. 1665 
and 1676*, and re-incorporatcd hy King 
G^ot^ge III. 1^75 yen the 94tb fjT No)> 
vettibeis h^nglhe Swtda^ ppeteilHjf 
their j4nnhersarif Meeting on St, An*' 
direw's JDay^ 1 91 1. B^ Rolbett Yeafng/ 
IX n, M, R, I. Mtmiiterto the Seol» 
Chnv^h, London Wan ; and CheqUmt^ 
ta the Seotisb OnrporatUm, 8tf#. Dp^ 
6S. J. M. Ricbanlson. " ■! 

AFTER a yery animated expositloa^ 
and iilusiratioQ of James i. 21 : Dr/ 
YoUng proceeds to describe the ori* 
gin and present state of the Cbaritj 
for which he is an able advocate. 

" The ohjeots which it seek^ to relieve 
are the aged and deserving pooa-«* 
those who, having never acquired any 
parocbihl settlement in England, tra 
consequently shut out from all claimv 
upon the parithet 'fbr support -— tbosa 
who, struggling with poverty, infirmity^ 
yand 'misfortune, are unwiUing to ten 
'their solrrows to the world, are iHiaUf l» 
work, and t^ heg who are oMdmed.— >| 
have seen th^ misery whtch the boutit^ 
of the Society has rdiered^ and iA 
expressive gnititude whkb It baa 
awakened. It is a painful, yat a plaaav 
ing duty^ to enter into the bouse of wo^ 
But, to know the miseiy to which 1 mm. 
allude, it is necessary to be teen. X 
might conduct you to the cbaeriM 
garret, to which they who had tetli. 
brighter and better days, bad retlmi 
for a nttle shelter, before they wettt 
hence, and were no more. The apartr. 
ment was neat, as far as neatness itt 
possible in circumstances of sucbdittittt^ 
They wei^ both far advanced In the taAi^ 
of years. They had outlived all tbaif ' 
friends, and all their labour} yet tha 
^tber of ^£1 of tbeai bad, t& bitlilii* 



?«!«.] Sevigw qT NemPkblicatumt. ,. 

Tiusband. They told theif mots to no In ciw^X jS«i>* «. -*^ u 
Ws «8d, ««qx « kind ftwMtwe. " Thf^mfn V^f ••^>'''' 

WOer. Bnt, oh ! iud ««i keen the piobs tatft^ ' .^^ r ^ T^ M«W»- 
pU*-I Bright toadyou to tliewi«Aed be Sd^ ol" Alf^'*** "^ 

^^. mth the. Bible W^ lH, ^i^' ^lh ^JH^ ? .*to •«• 
»d tte remembrance of tlWi-fethetIg tTaTtbrsiS.SSSSLT'-f^^^?^ 

•yes, she «fld» tbe Society had a^ady "K fef '*!S*i?- '""2^ *^'''* 
f»»ed her Md herBttle ones-thaVtte VcLritabW *i!^'^*"J'*2"*'' 
Wewtaff of Heaven ^»»nH surely rejt S^ Zt^^^^IS^Zn^j^ *S*^ 

the henefector, of tfe charity, and tS toS^ £S? hSSSL'"!?"'*^ 
pre»ervew of her children —Then, am i\TL, ■™*^ *"»««*"*f faKinguMied 

S^ also t„ differen^^^^^ ^XX'^^iTL!^^^^ 

t» whom the Society extends its beni^fi' '*''=~""*^«^* »w)eitL*Wioii, A.MP 
rent care, far from their kindred, aod 8. ^abrw* i^*//f^ oitif t<, i«i|i*ito«i^ 
Havhiff m London none to help fhem, ^^ ^^ ii¥^^ I^s.\^ott)^andM2 
m^y would gladly return to their native ' tknaly, founded m FadT m^ 
liom^ were they only possessed or . M 4iu Mutnf^Uiim, mi^imMmm^ 
ITOvided with the necessary means. The yomg A<^ ^mudt Awl aT^M 
old and aeclining often r^rtf to breathe Coihpurn. . J^-^W- 

mpurer air— the air of their youth. . THIS i| aa ^msjiic manJ 7i^ 
l>cy often Ung to return to the remote shewing bow &» the euxnlbrt. ^.f JS 
jmd fondty-remembered yil%e^ wheqe poor may be i^P W«rf k/UT \S! 
they may rest their bones among the dence of a benevolent Famttf^m^ 
^»bes of their forefathers. The poor Abtar, who wW IfctoM i^ S-? ""^^ 
^^^ too, of the brave soldier who fdl aSd^xcHe^tL^ t^^ ^^ "^^ 
^Cloriously, supporting the honour of hk !Sh S^M iS, tlrtuo;u» coodiic% 
. Stmtiy/or^lTwifeof his^om^^^^^ cT^.]^^'.'"**'^ ^<>''<>»^^theAttl|,;?; 
a^onately followed her husband till ^A^ii ?^''"!u''' "^'^^AaWJM. « 
the ««! sepani^ed then^ perhaps f^r li^nt Tn^^^^^^^ 
,€•«•: these are also sharers of yoijr "^'^?^ ^^V ^^'*^-'' *"«^ *••» ^K 
boaoty. Finding themselves at this dif- ^?*^ '^i '■^WW»«*».-MM*i^i|<Qtia»4' Alft 
tance from their relatives,— forlorn and ^^^^ ^oat has been oeglecled^ there 
fciendless;^ — without prolectiop, and ^*'*^*4<HWl«iery ^Ahei'^etil/'^ ' • > 
without support,^they are lia«>]e to ^ -t^a n • • ' \.r 
beoome a sacrifice ekhor to vice or want, ^' '1*5. ^'^^*^^^ « A5iw«4 %iiA# 4^^^ 
an^ uskss compassionated by the Scot- ^1, ^'IS^"® Ormsby, or /tke tmi Lu- 
ish Corporation^ would often bec^mse ^"'^A f*^«f«»««ww,.<j«»4x?. s Mh. 
the victims of ruin and remprse. It is fS?^ iT^ Cailjouni. 

the province of the I<9§titutionfA switch r '^y^P*^'*«*<*«'' V^OWiMii^aier'4 

these children of adversity Mrowk the jawtt ^^^ Amprobabilities, this will he found 

•f destraedon, a»d «e»tui« th«m to tht * ^^oadi^ «ltereiiiii^ aMry« nki 4A 

•ettety of their relations, aod Mma sym^ iwwal iuotfltcepitmiable, teAdhi£ t^ 

|*Chy of their surviving friends. You Prove that there can beiio'<ub,tjmtiaI ' ' 

•^rprobahty be sttrpri£ed,,and certainly h^W^wwwilbotrtblegrityof eoodo^ 

»|ttbe|rf«iged, tohdinthiit^ofilwS ^ndefl<JiitIietasis<|pirnE^ 



[tor 

SELECT POETRY. 



EPltAM ON BION, 
DrmtkUtd frmm Mofcwif. 

\t woods and streams where Dorian wa- 
* ters flow. 

Swell the sad note of ssmipathetic woe. 
Mdurn, O ye planU ; ye groves, your loss 

I deplore ; 
Weep, every flower, for Bion is no more. 
BluA, every rose that painto the woody 

dell^ 
H«r (istatl^ name \tt ev>ry violet tell. 
Begin, Sicilian maids, the plaintive 

strain, [swain. 

In saddest aumhert ao^ra your hy*nt0 
Bear, Philomola, hear the joyless tale. 
And poar the sad note on the anontidagale. 
Sicilians waves the joyless tale sbaii beav^ 
jM Aictbusa drop the silent tear. 
The bard is dead ; and» when her fis^rita 

fell, 
The Doric warbler sigh'd her last farewell. 
Begin, Sicilian maids, the unwelcome 

themes [stream; 

StrymMiiaa cygnets, weep along yoor 
d saddest plight the mournful lays renew, 
Wbi^ once yonr Bioo aoni^-andsongibr 

you* 
fte fair Bistonia'i lovfly daughters tell. 
Bow Doria's Orpheys, tune&l Bion, fell. 
Sicilian maidi, proclaim my woes again. . 
Hb more his pipe shall charm the list'ning 

plain. [lnys» 

Ho mofa hit flocks s^ hear their master's 



As now their listless wing9 ^ey droop{i|g 

spread, ^ 

And chirp the plaintive note for Biondead. 

Begin the mournful strain, Sicilian Nind, 

And strew the funeral honours round his 

shnne* ^ 
The woodland warbters, whom be taught 
to 8ing» [Spring, 

When first the blossoms told the coming 
Each tell their Bion's praise; the woods obey. 
And ripg responsive to the grateful lay. 

Sicilian maids, the tale of woe piMong ; 
But whoshall sing the verse thatBionsuug? 
Ah ! whp Ukn thee can poor the stram di- 
▼ine, 

6r cheer the woods with melody like thine > 
Thy nucal pipo still bears thy lingerii^ 
bftttlu [in death; 

Though its lov'd mnster's lips are clos'd 
To Pan I bear that pipe, and Pan shall pour 
A strain less sweet, less lovely than before. 
X Renew, Sicilian maids, the moumfut 

strain. 
And tell his death, and all my woes agaiiv 
For Qalatea weeps* that she no more 
Can hear the sdt notes murm'ring on the 

shore. 
Ko Cydops* strains thy magic pipe pour- 
tray*d [maid) ; 

(From Cyclops' strains had fled the lovely 
But when she heard her Bion*s pipe display 
Its artless sounds,and breathe the rustic lay; 
She drew more near ; and since her favour* 
ite dies. 



^ Uie lone oak bear witness to his praise, j^ ^„ ^ ^ j^^^es her virgin eyes. 
ToPluto now he sighs the note of woe ; «.--^_ J-J^. -.^jj- „.„ -oes azai 



Xthspan mosick in the shades below. 



Renew, Sicilian maids, my woes again; 



Ajeumn mosica m «pe .owir. ocww. ^,, ^^^^^ ^ ^^^^ perish'd with their 
The lowmg herds lamant his early doom, swain. 

And itray, nnpastorM, round their poet?s ^^ ^^^ ^^ „y^^,j l^ent ^^^ Bi^n's 
tomb. ^ ^^j^ |-l^5. 

Onotmo€^mfWfm,S^UMmpm,tai, ^^ mournful loves weep sadly o'er his 

For e'en Apollo wept as Bion fell. j,^ ^^ Cythera's tears so swiftly flow 

From Satyia* eyes the drops ^ pity flow. ^,,^ ^^j^ ^ j^nis sought the shades below* 

^/n'^^^SLi^'S Here, np-uri^ stream, receiveanother 

And ahjd the tear-drop o'er thy lawel'd ^^ j^^, ' ^^^ ^r Bion buried hem. 

*i^ ia^Zl"^ I,- ^^^ g^ . ^. . .u_ Fhrst on thy fiiUl banks great Homer fell, 

Tko ftotaii Njrnpbt fBtiak^ tbeir silver fhenmatehless Bion sigh'd his last farewelf. 

And wcSiUdFhmi. desist the h«IS^ «rrt. for^y former son thy m^^.^^ 

2T'^'T^^'liiS*^"IS?^ i^^ c^^ tear-drops to old Ocean'l 

yo «oio she bears the twoeti^breathmg Bnt now another soo»s sad fete deplore, - 

a* m^aS^AtA th* *.*^ M.^ If. hlnm^ Andswettthetideofwoefromshoretoshore. 

116 mre the ihephefd or the twamdc whent^'rst aoeenU meltad from hii 

lillkA^^ik. A»i».«irk^wfii.'£ TbeiO«orThetis,andAtrides'fiinie 

•'y "^ S!.,r**^ 2L 75?^ X5 attaWjmrfdtieatremWed at their name, 

^new, Sicilian maidi. the i^mmfbl ^^ 1^,.^ ^y younger oflbpring 

M ^^^^if;^ ■!2JI3S.^22* ^ »ild?*lays hie. matchless lyre was* 

iSl^SrZ^IC^ J|ttaldormfaIPan;ofshepheidfwains. 

^^^^ItSSI* •■"''■'•*■■•*■•■: AndSocksdispOrtingontheverdantplama; 

jMO'a^nQfll) «I^BB» histohieathBthepipe^ melbdioda 
» ' i ■ 1 I I I ■ ■ I 11 ■■ found; ranmnd. 

AfALhilka|cnft8alt)|gTMil«r 9m wan ^ l^orrt, mi K»X^d tfi Ume$ 



Seket PMttyf for January, 1812. 



^1 



Tot Wt iW i Sw lltCWAitD CUMBBKLAMD, Bmi, 

^ Tribute t^gni^It€ip4ci By the AtUhofr*' 
€U <if ** fJbMXf Vimta ftom tbe Miise,*> 
&c /Sr# <MenL Mag, fitr Dec, 1810> 
_^. 554/ 

flRlTANNIA, hall, imperial ^ueen of 
*^ »lesl 

Favour*!! of HeaT\iitith ita iiidul|rent smil«t, 
WHh what pecnliar Ivttre rote that mom, 
ApoAki^B too on thy domam wat b6rn 1 
*fhe bright pervadmg god who gUdt ibe day 
BAptendent darted hts uuclooded ray i 
J1ijpiiervaclasp*d the Infant in ber arms, 
She gazM eoraptor'd on hit early charms ! 
She press'd him often fondly to her br^t« 
Infiit*d her witdom, and by tomt caressed : 
Soon for the smiling boy the Muses strove, 
EachgainM a pupil, each engag'd his love; 
Scafce had two • lustres fled with winged 
speed, [his head*; 

When Shakspeare's geniuf hover'd o'er 
The Graces flnish'd what the Nine began, 
And gave the wortd the ali-aceompiish'd 

' Man ! 
Firtue allures him with engaging charms ; 
* Her precepts pore his youth^ bosom 
warms i 
He 5>ffer8 incense at ker sacred shrine. 
The goddess crowns him with a wreath 

divine! 
Fair Truth immortal leads' him by the hand^ 
Proud to be known the friend of Cumber- 
land. 
Islington, Feb, 1811. S. H. 

LINES, 
&tggested 6n perusing the Account of the 
unHm^i^ Fateqf Ensign AuttANDsa Hay, 
whodied Sept* 15, 1811* 

(See Vol XXXXI . p, 392.; 
"^yHERE hdwling Dtscocd stiftt triikm* 

phant reigns. 
And steept in btoodsh^Portalegre's plains; 
Where banners proudly-floating areun- 

furiM 
In dread affiray to desolate the world | 
Where 'marshal'd hosts in lines extended 
ri^e, • [fliet ; 

And o*er the waste' the volley'd thunder 
Amidst the clashing din of warlike armti^ 
Amidsl thepierciog shrieks of WsHs alanftt; 
Whatmeans the solemn dirge, whose death- 
like sound 
Breathes a distrestful sadnesa all around ; 
Whose measur'd strains, significantly slow, 
in lengtb6n*d cadence nark the notet of 

woe? 
' Tif Britain's sons, in h o pc iat i anguFsh 
drow]|*d, (grouitds 

Witti plf€ling marbh^advanpa-oa hallolr'd' 
*T!s British hemcU m fu Merai pomp iftltttd 
To bail the hero, whtUt they mourn the 
■ friend. - 

' t* Alluding to a dramatie piece, ^tfJento, 
.composed from Shakspeate by this emi- 
iMBMa^eflSa^4ttheeM|;f afttofdertn yearf« 



Say, can reflection on depart^ moidt 
Revhre tbcf drooping soul whilst here «| 

earth ? 
Can fond Imagination th^t create 
A balm ht all the st^ decreet of Pate Y 
If the fairboait 6f unpolluted fune | 
If the pure lustre of a spoUett name ; 
If all tba( Virtue grasps within her^jjMog 
Tofiretbe Sotdier, and adorn the Man; 
If these, in soothing accents, can impart 
A pensive comfort to the bursting heart; 
Oh ! may they now administer relief, 
Huffh the fond throbbingsof parentali^ef; 
In tones of bosom-cheering language speidE, 
Repress the tear that staint a Sistei^e 

cheek; 
With Hope^s inspiring strains each won 

beguile, {smile 

Each sorrow chase with Hope'l anspickmi 
— A nmile that e'en the broken apirit 

• ebeerp, . 
That smooths our journey thro* this vtls 

of tear*. 
That hovers round us when we mkke tb«t 

shore {move.. 

Where souls impassion'd meet to part a6^ 

Aiticia. 



NIGHT. 



* Picetur meriia No* fuofu§ nmrak^ Hokr 

J LOVE th^e. Night ; thy placid gloom 

Suits well the temper of any breast; 
When all is silent as the tomb. 

And brother mortals sink to 
I love to pause withohiify fear 

Upon tby silence to intrude. 
The startled owl's loud whoop to 

As, scaring her with footstep tude^ 

I break upon her sdlitude. • 

Hark to the distant torrent's roar* 
Upon the noiseless night-air home; 

The hum of man is heard no more. 
He slumbers till the garish mom« 

The darkness of the midnight breeze 
Is fill'd with choicest sweets for mo— 

The wind that whistles iu the trees. 
The night- frog croaking from thel^ 
Are sounds of joy and jollity—* 

Heard you, from yonder moss-girt tower ^ 
Thd pealing df the deep-toa'a bell-* 

It told the solemn midnight hour. 
And sweet npOn my ear itfeU--* 

From yen lone copse, the prowling hoimd 
Answer'd each stroke wi& echoiog bay ; 

Kous'd sft the fear-creating souml, 
TheoWlet, startled on her wHiy^ 
lil-omen'd cuts'd approadiing day-^-^ 

Let others court the gaud3r blase, ' 
, And sighior nsomiog's roiy daesmf » 
Sport in, the Sun's returning rays» 
And wanton on thede^ lawni*- 



I • 



— ^ Churchy in A- 



• A— 

thire. 
f << ^o9s]^nnr»Mr irn^'* 



•«a.* 



^ 



Sded Pceiry, Jl^ Jas^vMjf l»lt. 



Qhrt OT# the hour when Nifht hat shed* 
^Ihe world around, her'sUence holy; , 

t^ien Day's refulgent light is fled^ 
'Far, far, from worldly cares and folty^ 
I 'U Utc with Night and Melancbolyl 

PUILOMOYJSAIOS* 



\ 



MY BOXEN BOWER. 
Sy JoBM F. M. DoviUTon* £sq» 
T LOVE my little boxen 6ower ^ 

Fringed with April's early flower ; 
On ita leaves of jglossy green * 
The ciipfibing suobeams shed their sheen ; 
Cool its shade, its shelter warm, 
la Summer's heat, or Winter's starm : 
The social and the lonely hour 
£adoar my little boxen Bower. 

Within my little boxen Bower 
' With fnen48 f £il the social hour, 
XIr, wonting thsoi, the feats nnfeM, 
That Bards of Greece and Rome have told; 
Or prove no meaner ma^ reigns 
In Britain's more endearing stranis: 
Contentment sheds her sunny shower * 
ikroond my little boxen Bower. 

'Shofuld I leave my boxen Bower, 
Panting tip the paths of Power, 
PuflPd with empty pomp of Pride, 
Blind Ambition for my guide, 
Sv'n in Spl«ndMir*8 gaudy glare, 
Ciisbion'd on the couch of Oire; 
Might 1 not bewail the hour, 
I leritmy little haxeo Bower? 
Nurser$f9 West-Felttm, 1811. 



^ 



A Seat shaded by a bfiuutiful purple Beech' 
tre^ €t ihe NnassRv, West Felton, is 
thus inscribed: 

Amicitie et T. Y. ^ 

Sellulam banc, 

^t qu4 tegeris arborem 

Bacras esse 

• vol u it 

J. F. M. D. 

Am iNTRODvcToav SpEeeu, 
JUciUiat B-^^- Sckooly June 16, 131], 

[Speaks as entering^ 
npHEN I am forc'd to introduce you all : 
Bowtruty said, ** The weakest goes to the 

wall." [Enters 

I only told tBem twas a grievous task. 
First to appear, and first your candour ask. 
Could I be backward ? No ! 'twas pleasure 

all: [call. 

For every nerve is straiu'd when Parents 
I was not backward ; no, my breast was 

fir'd, [quir'd. 

I knew yon ^d shew the candour we fe* 
l kneur th^Ladhes vivtuwH, gentle, 'kind, 
And ever^pKn^iv netise the timid mind. 
I knew theiGentleimn bad gracious hew^s, 
I ko&w th^'d cheer us b our various^utxts; 
lifj Master likewise^ told me you were<sucb, 
Vou 'd smile on me, you 'd favoured him 

^l&uch. . 



But, O reflect! «o Roiciiit.mintl^ill^ 

To melt in love, or ikqfHi lh« it^^ with 

tean. 
Onr aim was nottg hriag aSaiihM pUijr» 
.But each his lesson m & sciM>C|l^y v^y. 
Then to our himible offering, welomfitMfli 
Do you but smil«|, our jpiritstmit^^ii^ W 
Shall ever know, but on, with |ifWt» ehrte 
We 'II show in mimatiiwoldSl^jiock'a hate; 
Depict young JiU^n bouqd inC«ipid'tx4i«i«^, 
Whilst Virtue |»otent o'er hii oondoct 
reigns; r 

WithDarvinsped across the Atl^ntiCwacet, 
Indignant view the traffioking ef sl»v«C4 
, 'From tow'ring Milton ^sbow the -apost«6e 
hnrPd (worli. 

With dreadful vengeaqoe to the infmat 
And thou, bleat «hade pf CoiUnsif hov^ 

round. 
Aid to depict the power of Jflivsick's sound. 
And thou, blest Dryden, wbea thy bean,- 
teous style [MBilc. 

We dare to attempt, vouchsafe a ^sacioas 
Our Parents' praise we '11 connt our high- 
est bliss. 
And hope you Ml pardon what we^ ani^*. 
For trifling £auks, damp not onr ea|per jof i. 
But still remember, that we are but Boys; 
And tho' we may notstandthecritiok!s te^ 
For our best friends we 'II ever dooiir hed* 

NATURAL BLOOM. 
"I^^HO to the drooping flowret can restore 
Those early beaaties whic^ it spreads 

no more ? 
Or should it stiil in native colours glow. 
What foirer tinctures can the hand hestoirf 
What tho' 4he Lilies cksC'ring in the vale. 
And lowly Primrose, from ibeir hkth jure 

paie } [them drest 

^e deeoftthem^ beauteous, nor wouM m0 
In Tulip streaks, or gaily •^faeqner'd vestas 
The virghi charaasof Kiiture^rink af«ay« 
When Aitohtreaive claims aooking^d jway# 
How vainly then she plies her vai^ bloom 
To teach oKpiring Bcaoty le fesMttie 
HenUh's res^e.hue !•— say^ shaU'lfae^psUfi 

cheek 
'^eath borrow'dibeauties for a refngeisaebi 
Yet Qiimic have through all his 

ways, 
And still to rapUicous waftnth the hpfl S I 
— In Delia's cheek, which love has taught 

Where iroaefi»ia their native %vildnessigvow^ 
Where modesit Virtue tatuing Mfft her stand* 
With secret touch will make^them more 

expaod^fv* 
I see the blush qf silent ceusneectte. 
See 4nild iKipnaawbes^alli«g/rMiilb«r>efat^ 
These lovely tioheas mndea^yveprMie, 
Yet shewrtheir town superior- etaim to h>^« 

But who shall say unlovely •ts^e«Csir' 

Whose liTieil <^eelft/Bo roaaS'too>maif 'hear* 
If silent Biofcaess.|4u4ikttbe«hloasniS(gngl^ 



[saiae^ 



Ml 



SeUa JP0eiry^ Jbr J^nuaiy, 1 8 1 W 



«l 



' £ach ▼irtooaafafliiif iimkHiiBg io ttc liieart^ * 
A tcMt'MBk ftfvowrspfeadisg o^ct tb* hef 
MtLj mmw$Wkg vitB intHk tweet uiio«Mck>u« 

Wha t^ the eeld aiiA imim^seieB'd 



The dttll ftabaity ^ lodk has seen, 
Wbkb Frailty vMui, where eodrtly to- 
luransrisc^ [pli^r 

Whmw «A ber baai the mimic Heakh ap« 
Biitas«faea|^reail<tlK f;fom of stedfiist hoe, 
A fleTf-impeaclhiBg mockery to Tiew, 
Kakh tura'd wiwMHatate hides her m the 



Where noagbtef pride or artiice prevails; 
Bat heedlesa where dfisliteulatioii dwel^, 
¥ature her own vnniliictl «tory teHs ; 
WlMreliOvers'cyepy vncoufciouff of con- 

tiwal, 
jieam with the tecfel converse of the souT, 
And IVutfa (likeipestat Ver the sacred fire) 
Lets aefc«beftr8t^rtBM,aiRientllame expire. 
There fffceiy drops the telr-iBClitiing knee, 
Ver Love with Natuie dwellsy — asNatdre 

Stff Sivfiioivs. 

TOTHBMQON. 
T OK£ wanderer of the midn%ht shy, 

I mark thee through B^feaseoBeat gleam; 
And, stretched upon n sla ep l e a c oottcl^ 
I bless thy paly beam I 

Say, com'stthon Kein i^thaitent foot, 
When all it bosb'd in deep repos«» 

1*0 whisper ton^troabied heart 
A^haee for itt^woct } 

Sh, girt to me Ihatplacid mien. 
That tnmced lo6k2.-as when on high 

Tbov pauses for awhile to driak 
The sphere^^ild harmony f 

That iittiag blush I— i^ure^ modest Qneen, 
ThronM on thy fleecy clouds above. 

The young God hath not with thy rays 
I,igbted bis torch ef Love ? 

tomeb tfthflT'tM^ bat felt hit power, 
To me tkon art a welcome goest ; 

For «p9rttfr» he bath kindled too 
A flame within this breaat. 

Yet, I win sympathize with thee, < 
(Abd mntnal cares wilt each endear) ; 

Thy beams' discoarse most eloquent, 
1 11 answer ^th a tear. 

Be Love our theme — its vitiout warm, 
Itt bahay ajght, its tecivt joy»«- 

Bnotiont tren^Uiog on the brink 
Of blitg^od agony. 

Come^ thou tbak^aywiMt rapture stole 
O'er eveqr trnis at d«ad of night. 

When tet tbe brieae pour'd on thy ear^ 
SndyflmMn asddr 



Ot), might that bine eye^s tender langn'^h. 
Beam but on me — what blist were mii»^ 

•Twould o'er my nowA dHTuse a rmy 
fOf bappiaese divine. 

But why that blu^h again, sweet maid } 
Why 'thwart thy face so shining fiiir r 

Roll cloadrso dark that Fancy leads *' 
In tbeoi tbe pag^ of Care ? 

Alas, they say, L^ve 's but a dream* 
Fleeting and few its happiest hour»-#^~ 

That Life *8 at best a thorny wifdv 
"Oh, never strewM with flowers. 

Sweet Moralist ! I know it velU* 
Man onward toils m pain and sorrow. 

Yet fondly hopes a gimpj^e of joy 
Will bless Him on the morrow. 

Vain, vain the hope ;— y4?t sk«uld that 
glimpse 

Strike on his mind, in mercy giv'n^ 
It but reveab the darkness round. 

Like the lightning flash of Heav'n. 
Still visit thou my lonely, couch 

To soothe my heart with woe oppreitc. 
And say the sleep of Death is sweet 

To those who si^ for rest. 

» ■■! I ■■ 

SONNET. 

'^HEN Winter spreads his gloomy tcep* 

tre round [bounds 

On groves, and streams, with frosty Ifetten 
Still in the sunshine-beam, how lucid- 

bnght [gjght. 

The crystal landscape glances on the 
Thus, in Life's view, where o'er the tcon^' 

blous scene 
Chill Penury maiutaina ber icy i«ign. 
The gentle sun of mild Compassion gieams. 
And tbe drear prospect brighteat in itt 

beams. 
Still may its rays in pure suecession fio«» 
Each woe-fraught heart still feel the fenial 

glow ! 

Be thine. Benevolence, celestial maid, ' « 
Of sufl^ring sorrow still to pour thine aid f 
Be Britain's glory, to relieve distress, 
To save by valour, and by bounty bless ! 

E. 



And I Witt telh-^if wot^s cad tell— 
Ob, uo 1 this Ihrab and deep-f^tch'dsigk 

Win beatespreM the ^t^nce of love 
Thai darts from Mary'n eye^~ 



HYMN foR CHRISTMAS-DAY. 

]gEHOLD the Lord of Heav'n andtftiHt^ 

This day at Bethl'em bom ! 
Angels proclaim his wondrous birtb^ 
And hail the glorious mom. 

LO ! Jesus leaves his Father's thrOM 

For man's rebellious race i 
Oh ! let our souls his goodness OWQ^ 

And bless his saving grace* '^ 

Tid iugs. of joy and mighty lonv^ 

Salvatbn's holy plan ! 
" Glory to Qod in Heav'n etboye, 

" On earth good-will to man !" 



1 

SUeei Poetry ^ /orHnnwcyf 'J 8 12/ 



**■ 4MH9ai /undent Tametis paier urnV 
As> Amicvm. 

'TANDEM divitiM, et ftige limioa 

Nunquam urbis Tacusi vocibiu, et lon^ 
Vulgt ; et lemper bonestit 
Indignam inTu)iam>iris. 

Hit tempos faoiles docere per diet 
Faasit, dum trepidat Vere Faroniiis ; 

Atque errare, per agroi 

Duices, qui Tamesif fluit 

Jl£c puris decorei teinpora floribus. ' 
Hie aertum rofeum, aut bl^ brere lilium 
Carpas ; fronde sub orni, 
Quercfts aut ydteris tedens ;— 

Dum curat pe<nidety prataque tibi& 
Bespondere docet pastor amoribus ; 

Vel ramo canit atthis, 

Luff OS Ismarium nefas. 

Hand atrox^Tamesis sanguine, et borridus 
Vjgri morte fluit ; semper amabili 

Gaudat munere pacis $ 

Et Tolvit placidas aquas. 

iToii blc turba fiHIkm $ nescia sed doH 
fttsonr simplicitas ; et pudor omnibus 

DiTis charus, amore 

Kon turpi satus i et fide. 

Hie quisquis jaceat, fessus ab estibus ; 
Miratur tacit^,— *< splendidior vitro/' 

RiTos dum fluit agris ; 

Spaigen* dona virentibus. 

Miratnr bibulis inipof itam ilicem 
Hipis i et salices frondibus ut leves 

Gaudent tangere fluctus ; 

Prisci baild immemores boni ; 

Ut ridei tabtis undique Copia 
Xi^ ; ut gregibus dulcia dat nemus 

Glandesy pabula $ et umbras 

Frigentcs domino greguhi. 
/an. 14. W. C. Lavoton. 



D' 



EiKSB to a vtry young Genthman, voho 
uuked he might never be taller than at 
present. By mr, Pratt. ' 

^EAR Cbtld* tho* sweet the cause assigned 
For wishing thou might'st be confia'd 
To the small stature of a Boy, 
Not for itS| sports, but for the joy 
The Parent's knee thro' life possessing, 
Now fond caress'd, and now caressing; 
All thy life long a nursling blest, 
The lap thy throne, thy couqh the breast— 
Awish.thou ne'er sbooldst these outgrow, 
Bespeaks a love, no art can know. 

But as thy budding opes so fair, 
My wish shall breathe, that He^iv'n wduld 

spare 
The tender leaf, and nurse the root. 
Till buds shall into blossoms shoot ; 
Till rich and full the fruitage proves 
9?'n like some monarch of the groves. 
Matare'j high cttltor'd, cberish'd tree, 
Dtar WiU J, be a type of the^ ! 
An emblem Ci|r, yet feeble too, 
f tr tttel.MH foc^jj hf iog to view| . 



0n Mcf -4<ipi hBW or veli't(»|pUi/ "^ 

Or tkm'ry rale, or flowiag nain, 
Or nbeie her softer waten ftide-*-" 
Ah ! what are these to Nature's pride. 
Where Qoo, conducting Nature's plan. 
Completes her noMatt work in Mav ^ 

Childhood, dear Will, howefer blest. 
Is a fair iM^Ure at best. 
'Tis Innooenoe personifiedr 
Yet it is little else beskle ; 
'Tis pure as motratain snow, and takea 
The impression that a feather makes. 
Vet, lighter than that fSsatbei«s fall. 
It leaves no lastmg traee at ^1 f 
Bnt, like the snow, the sun's first ray 
The te»Mler mark will taielt away. 

But when arriv'd al riper age. 
Gaining of life its second stage. 
When trackless Cbildhoodr yleMs to Yontbr 
And WtsnoM comes led on by Tr^th ; 
On whom the GHAaiTins attend ^ 

In forms of Neighbour, Son, and Friend: 
Soon will these make thy bosom glow. 
Till tliou Shalt wish more last to grow ; 
Soon will they kindle Manhood's fires. 
And all that manly hope inspires ! . 

O couldstthon guess what loftier joys 
Succeed to Childhood's transient toys ; 
Tho' these now seem to fill thy breast. 
And scarce leave wishes for the rest ; 
Thy wisdom drawn from fabled charms. 
Thy conquests from fictittons arms, 
Eoraptur'd with thine own* applause 
At every form thy Fancy draws ; " 

Castle, or Cot, or Town, or Ship, 
And now a bound, and now a skip— - 
Yes-— couldst thou think what varied worth 
Maturing Time might bring to birth. 
The Dower to soothe the sorrowing hearty 
To blunt the point of Envy's dart. 
The sick to help, the sad to cheer, ' 

And dry the Widow's, Orphan's tear: 
Fram'd as thoh art with ardent mind. 
Emotions quick, and feelings kind^ 
In spite of Manhood's stronger care. 
Thy heart would form h different prayer ;•• 
Still more, the boast of tender friends ' 
Would point thy wish to nobler ends. 

Soon wouldsttbc(u see with glad surprize 
Thy fondest visions realize ; 
Thy hiky boat, and pencil'd town. 
Would like thyself, dear Boy, be grown ; 
This to some warlike bark well-'mann'd, . ' 
And thou appointed to command ! 
Or haply, by the Fates decreed. 
Thou shalt some Admiral succeed ! 
Or, some fam'd General of the field, 
Shalt provothy Country's spear and shielA 

Then wish no more a Bpy to be, 
For ever dandled on the knee ; 
But as the Soldiei's fea(s«delight. 
And thou art pleas'd wiflk mimic fight, 
Wish, Willy, thou wert siV feet high, 
Reselv'd on Death or Victory } , ' 
Or else a man of Peace, and know 
All that may make thee lov'd below I 

Stqffbrd, Jfuu 1* 

IIi^Te- 



r 65 ] 

HISTORICAL CHRONICLE, iSiiS. 

pROCtBDIWGS IN THC SiXTH SfiSStON OP THE FoURTH PaRLIAMBNT 

'op tub United Kingdom op Qreat Britain and Ireland. 



House op Lords, Jan. 'J, 

Parliament was this day opened by 
commission. 

l*be Commissioners, Earls Camden and 
Westmoreland, and Marquis Wellesley, 
took their seats ; when the Speaker, with 
the members of the House of Commons, 
appearing at the bar, the Lord Chancel lor 
read the following Speech: 

<* My Loirds, and Gentlemen, 

" We are commanded by his Royal 
Highness the Prince Regent to axpress to 
you the deep sorrow which he feels in 
sumouociog to you the continuance of 
kia >lajesty's lamented indisposition, and 
the unhappy disappointment of those 
hopes of his Majesty's early recovery 
which had been cherished by the dutiful 
affection of his family and the loyal at- 
tachment of his people. 

«« The Prince Regent has directed 
copies of the last Reports of her Majesty 
tlM^ Queen's Council to be laid before you, 
and he is satisfied that you will adopt such 
measures as the present melancholy exi- 
gency may appear to require. 

** In securing a suitable and aunple 
provision for the suppqrt of his Majesty's 
royal dignity, and for the attendance up- 
on bis Majesty's sacred person during his 
Hlness, the Prince Regent rests assured, 
that yon will also bear in mind the indis- 

r sable duty of continuing to preserve 
his Majesty the facility of resuming 
the personal exercise of his royal autho- 
fn»^ in the happy event of his recovery, so 
earnestly desired by the wishes and the 
prayers of his family and his subjects. 

*• The Prince Regent directs us to sig- 
nify to you the satisfaction with which his 
Royal Highness has observed, that the 
measures which have \feeu pursued for 
the defence and security of the kingdom 
of Portugal have proved completely efTec- 
tiiai ; aiKi that on the several occasious 
in which the British or Portuguese troaps 
hafi been engaged with the £nemy, the 
reputation already acquired by them has 
been folly maiutained; 

« The successful and brilliant enter- 
prise wKicb terminated in the surprize in 
Spani>h E^ttremaduraof a French corps by 
a datachiyent of the Allied Army under 
Lieutenant General Hill, is highly credit- 
able to that distinguished officer, and to 
the troops under his command, and has 
contributed matf riatly to obstruct the de- 
signs of the Enemy in that pai^t of the 
PuiMisula. 

*' Tae Prince Regent is a«iured» that 
wh.l'* you j-edectwJth pude and satisfac- 
t ju '/u t^p conduct of his Majesty's troops, 
Oent. Mag. ^/isAuary, 181^. 

9 



and of the allies, in these varions and io* 
portant services, yau will render justice to 
the consummate judgmt>nt and skill dif* 
played by General lx>rd Viscoqnt Wel> 
lington in the direction of the campaigns ^ 
In Spain the spirit of the people remains 
unsubdued ; and the system of warlsre, 
to peculiarly adapted to the actual condi* 
tion of the Spanish nation, has been re- 
cently extended and improved, under the 
advantages which result from the opera- 
tions of the allied armies on the frontier, 
and from the countenance and assistanen 
of his Majesty's Navy on the coast. Al- 
though the great exertions of tba Enemy 
have in some quarters been attended with 
success, h:s Royal Highness is persuaded, 
that you wilt admire the perseverance and 
gallantry manifested by the Spanish Ar- 
mies. Even in those provinces principal- 
ly occupied by the French forces, new 
energy has arisen among the people ; and 
the increase of the difficulty and danger 
has produced more connected efforts of 
general resistance. 

*' The Prince Regent, in the name 8^4 
on the behalf of his Majesty, commands 
us to express bis confident hope, that you 
will enable him to continue to afford th^ 
most effectual aid and assistance in thd 
support of the cuntcbt, «^hich the brave 
nations of the Peuinsula still maintain 
with such unabated zeal and resolution. 

*' His Royal Highness commands us to 
express his congratulations on the success 
of the British arms in the Uland of Jaya. 
" llie Prinee Regent trusts that you 
will eoncur with his Royal Highness in 
approving the wisdcMn and ability with 
witich this enterprisse, as well as the cap- 
ture of the Islands of Bourbon and Mauri- \ 
tins, ha^ been conducted under the imme- 
diate direction of the Govaroor General of 
India ; and that you will applaud the daoi" 
sion, gallantry, and spirit, conspicuously 
displayed in the late operations of the 
brave Army under the command of ^t 
distinguished officer Lieut. -general Sir 
Samuel Aucbmuty, so powerfully apd 
ably supported by his Majesty's na^l 
forces. 

** By the completion of this system of 
operations, great additional seciisity will 
have been given to the British commerce 
and possessions in the East Indies,, and 
the coloiiihl pow«r of Fratice will have ' ' 
been entirely extingtiished. 

** His Royal H^hness thinks it expedi- 
ent to recoounend to your attention tba ' 
propriety of provkling such measuras fbf 
the future goremment of the British pas* 
sessions in India, as shall appear from 

f xp«* 



66 Proceedings in the present Session of Parliament. [Jan. 

expertteace», and upon mature delibera- The Commons having withdrawn, the 
tion, to be calculated to secure their in- Earl of Shaflesbury^ in a neat speech, 
ternal prosperity, and \o derive from moved an Address of Thanks, which wa» 
those flourishing dominions the titmost seconded by Lord Brownlozo. 
degree of advantage to the commerce and Lord GrenviUe concurred in some parti 
Hevenne of the United Kingdom. of the Speech and Address, referring to 

^"We are commanded by the Prince the s'ate of bis Majesty's heaJth,-— to their 
Regent to acquaint you, tliat while his Lordships' fixed determination to support 
Koyal Highness regrets that various im- his Royal Highness the Prince Regent in 
portant subjects of difference with the administering the great trust reposed in 
gOTcmment of the United States of Ame- him, and to the conduct and valour of our 
rica still remain unadjusted, the difficul- troops. But he retained all hi^^ objec- 
ties which the affair of the Chesapeake tions to the system upon *hich Ministers 
fri|:ate had occasioned h3ve been finally acted. He objected to the lavish profu- 
removed ; and we are directed to assure sion with which our resources had been 
you, that in the further progress of the Squandered, — to the Orders in Councilf 
discussions with the United States, the which, though they had inflicted a blow on 
Prince Regent will continue to employ the Enemy, had recoiled with greater exe- 
f tfnch means of conciliation as may be cutiuu upon our own commerce and ma- 
consistent with the honour and dignity of nufactures, — to the system which united 
his Majesty's crown, and with the due the Bank and Government, and enabled 
maintenance of the maritime and commcr- the former to issue base coin and dcpre- 
cial rights and interests of the British ciated paper: asystemofwhich the Bank ^ 
empire. alone reaped the profit ; while the guilt 

** Gentlemen of the House of Commons, and dishonour f«dl on the Government, 
*' His Royal Highness has directed the and the loss on the publick. His Lordship 
Estimates for the service of the current reprehended the system which had been 
year to be laid before you. Hetrujtts that - pursued in Ireland, noticed the distractetl 
you will furnish him with such supplies as state of that country, and concluded with 
may be necessary to enable him to conti- stating that these topicks would shortly 
irue the contest in which his Majesty is come before their LoMships, separately, 
engaged, with that spirit and exertion fur discussion. 

which will a^ord the best prospect of its Tlie Carl of Zivtfr^/ defended the con* 
an ccessful termination. ^ duct of Ministers. 

<* His Royal Highness commands us to Earl Grc^ expressed himself to the saihft 
recommend that you should let^ume the effect as Lord Qrenville. 
consideration of the state of th'e finances Earl Darnley and the Duke of Norfolk 
ef Ireland, which yoy had commenced in spoke a few words ; after which the Ad- 
the last Session of Parliament. He has dress of Thanks was agreed to nem. diss, 
the satisfaction to inform y(m, that the Lord Holland inquired of a noble Mar- 
improved receipt of the revenue of Ireland quis (Wellesley) what progress had been 
in the last, as compared ^ith the preced- made in our mediation between Spain and 
ing year, confirms the belief that the de- her colonies, in South America. The dis- 
pression which that revenue had experi- union, he asserted, had laHed a year and 
enced is to be attributed to accideutal and a half, and had co9t nearly 200,000 lives, 
temporary causes. Marquis fVeilesley replied generally, 

" My Lords, and Gentlemen, and attributed the delay to the narroi^ 

«« The Prince Regent is satisfied that prejudices, jealous passionit, and conflict- 
yOM entertain a just sense of the arduous ing interests, which rendered it necessary 
duties which bis Royal Highness has been for Ministers to proceed with the utmost 
called upon to fulfil, in consequence of his caution. 
Majesty's continued indisposition. Lord ffo/lanff prof^sed himself dissatif- 

•* Under this severe calamity, hrs Royal fied with the answer. 
Htghnets derives the greatest consolation Earl PitzwUliam appointed the^th inst. 
from his reliance on your experienced for his motion respecting the affairs of 
wisdom, loyalty, and public spirit, to Ireland, 
which in every difficulty he will resort, , 

with a firm confidence, that, through yon r In the Commons, the same day* the 
assistance and support, he shall be en- Speaker having read the Speech from the 
abled, under the hiessingq of Divine Pro- chair. Sir F. Burdett rose ; and after a« 
' Yidence, successfully to discharge the im- eulogium on the magnanimous character 
portant functions of the high trust reposed of the Prince Regent, and concurring in the 
• in him, and in the name and on the be- praises bestowed oH the valour of pur 
half of his beloved Father and revered troop«, adverted to the calamitous events 
Sovereign, to maintain unimpaired the of the present Reign, springing, he taid« 
prosperity aud honour of the nation.". fton that detasUttou of the prinoiples of 

liberty. 



IS4 2. J Procetdings m the present Session oj Famament. 61 

of its inquisition crowded with victims, and 
gave his support lo the Address. i 

Lord Jocelyn opposed the Hon. 'Baron- 
et's Address, and substituted another, 
w hich was seconded by Mr. Vy$e. 

Messrs, fVhitbread and , Ptm^o/iiy de- 
clared that they could not consistenily 
vote for either Address ; * they thought the 
Hon. Baronet's Address cputained lopicks 
not proper for discussion at present : the 
latter gentleman lamented that such slight 
mention was made of the affairs of trelaud 
in the Speech. 

The Chancellor of the Exchequer said a 
few words ; after which Sir F. Burdeit's 
Address was negatived by 250 to 1, and 
Lord Jocelyn's Amendment was carried 
witiiout a division. 



liberty, which had been equally the origin 
of the present unfortunate war, and of 
that with America. Tlie object of the 
present war was not the liberty, but the 
wdependeaue of Spain ; what pcetence 
then was there for continuing the war, 
since the Sovereign, whose rights we 
maintained, had conceded them to Buo- 
Baparte ? There was no chance of our 
succeeding in driving the French out of 
Spain : our laurels were great, but barren ; 
and our victories were, in their effects, 
mere defeats, while the French were mak- 
ing rapid procrress towards subjugating 
the country We were fighting to main- 
tain our Catholc allies in the Peninsula, 
and neglecting our more valuable allien 
at home : the Irish, a generous, brave, 
and long suffering people, were, for a 
trifiing consideration, withholden from 
t^ieir best and dearest rights. The Hon. 
Baronet next glanced at the traffick in 
teats in that house, — the burdensome tax- 
aticm which had generated a pauperism 
throughout the land, aggravated by the in- 
fanK>u$ exactions of surveyors and sur- 
chargers,—- the erection of depots, fortifi- 
cations, and barracks, — the calling in for 
our defence foreign mercenaries, who liad 
Bot been able to c^efend iheir own country, 
— rthe restrictions under which the press 
laboured, by the Attorney-General being 
permitted to file ex officio informations ; 
and concluded wiih moving an Address to 
which his speech was an echo. 

Lord Cochrane adverted to the corruption 
and bigotry of the Portuguese Govern- 
ment, which, ^he said, had still the gaols 



Jan, 8. 

Mr. Secretary Ryder brought up the 
Report of the Queen's Council, upon the 
state of his JMajesty's heahh*. 

On the question that the Address to the 
Prince Regent be brought up, Mr. Wfut* 
bread ^vi that he feared that we had spared 
more troops for the war in the Peninsula 
than we could well afford; but finding, 
notwithstanding they were under the con- 
duct of so able a general as Lord Welling* 
ton, that the Enemy continued in military 
possession of the country, he despaired of 
final success. He wisht'd to be informed 
what was the state of our Army in Portu- 
gal. Was it fiuurishing ? were the ranks 
full ? He censured the delay in the de- 
parture of the mediatory commissioners 
to South America. He thought that con- 



-Ate 



♦ QUARTERLY REPORT OF THE KING'S HEALTH. 

The underwritten Members of the Queen's Council, after quoting: the Act under 
which they met yesterday se'nnight, at the Queen's Lodge, Windsor Castle, to exa- 
mine the physicians upon oath, in order to ascertain the state of his Majesty's health, 
declare, **That the state of his Majesty's health, at the time of that meeting, is not 
shch as to enable his Majesty to resume the personal exercise of his Royal authority. 
That liis Majesty's bodily health appears to us to^be as good as at any of the periods 
of our former Reports; that his Majesty's mental health appears to us not to be worse 
than at the period of our last Report ; that all the Physicians attending his Majesty 
agree in stating that they think his Majesty's complete and final recovery improbable*— > 
differing however as to the degree of su^h improbability: some of them expressing 
themselves as not despairing ; others, as not entirely despairing ; and one of them re- 
presenting that he cannot help despairing of such recovery. 

(Signed) C. Cantuar. E. Eboe. Montok, Winch elsex, 

Aylesforo, Eldon, Eilenborough, W. Grant. 

" Shortly after the above Report had been read in the presence of all the Physicians, 
and one of the members of theCouncil§ had left Windsor, the Physician alluded to (Dr. 
John Willis) in the last clause of the Report, stated, in writing, to the other members 
of the Council then remaining at Windsor, that he had unquestionably made use of an 
expression which might carry a meaning far beyond what he intended to express, and 
assured the Council, that, whilst he thought the Qnal recovery of his Msgesty very im- 
probable^ he by no means despaired of it. The members of the Council to whom the 
above statement was made (having sworn the Physician alluded to to the truth thereof) 
afterwards communicated the same lo the whole Council assembled the 5th Januaryi 
who have de< nM*d it right to subjoin this fact to. the above declaration. Signed as above. 

St, Jamet*t'$*piaret Jan. by \^Vl, (A true copy. J J. BvLL£ft.'> 

^ % Archbish^ of Canterbury* 

citiatioii 



ig Proceedings m the present Session of ParMmenL {dkii. 

'* Tha^ no private bills be read d. first time 
after the 24th of February next y and that 
no report of a private bill be received after 
the 20th of April next." Agreed tol 

In consequence of some observations 
from Mr. Creevey, relating to the offices 
of Clerk of the Privy Council and the 
Marshal of the Admiralty being conferred 
upon members of that House, and the 
Paymastership of Widows' Pensions not 
being abolished, a short discussion en- 
sued, which was terminated by the rejec- 
tion of a motion for appointing a Cammit- 
tee of Inquiry. , / 

Mr. Hutchinson gave notice, that on the 
first Tuesday in March he would move for 
a Repeal of the Act of Legislative Union 
between Great Britain and Ireland. 



dHation had not been manifested towards 
the United Stat es,-i-t hat Government had 
asserted that the Berlin and Milan decrees 
had been revoked by France: we had 
denied it. He defied the Right Hon. Gen- 
tleman to state a single fact that had oc- 
curred since the 2d November 1810 to 
prove that those Decrees had not been 
revoked. He ardently wished for peace, 
and was of opinion thd character of Buo- 
fiaparte was no ground of objection to 
negotiating. Both countries were great, 
but England was a country of factitious 
greatness, and France of natural great- 
fiess. ' VVpuldtoGod she bad ships, colo- 
nics, and commerce; for until she has 
each and all, he feared, there was no 
chance of peace t6 the rest of the world 1 

The Chancellor of the Exchequer replied 
with warmth, that the concluding prayer 
of the Hon. Gentleman afforded a clUe to 
his reasoning : if he thought it for the 
interest of this country that Buonaparte 
should have ships, Colonies, and com- 
merce, it was but natural that he should 
disapprove of all those means that may 
have been resorted to,to deprive theFrench 
Ruler of them. The Hon. Gentleman had 
complained of the present state of afiTairs 
in the Peninsula. Did he recollect the 
Hate of these affairs at the comnience- 
' ment of the last Session ? and his pro- 
phecies u][)on that occasion ? if he did, 
his confidence in his own foresight ought 
to be a little shaken ; instead of it, they 
find hiui prepared to re-prophesy. 

•' Destroy his web of sophistry in vain, 
" The creature's at his dirty work again." 
"Before this time we were to have been 
swept from the face pf the Peninsula,— to 
have been driven into the sea. Instead of 
which we haVe driven the French out of 
Portugal, and have kept possession of that 
country in defiance of th^ir hosts. He 
was happy to state that the military force 
at present in the Peninsula was by 10,000 
men- more than it was at this time last 
year* The Hon. Gentleman concluded 
. with saying, that he should regret a war 
With America, which would be injurious 
' to us, but more so lo America. 
' Qen. Tarleton, Mr. Creevei/, and Mr.Hut' 
ehinsony spoke at some length ; after which 
Mr. Creevey*s motion, that the report be 
"brought up that day week, was negatived, 
the report itself read ti first and second 
time, and ordered to be presented to the 
Prince Regent 

Jaru 9. 

Lord J. Tkynne brought up the Prince 
Regent's Answer to the Address, thanking 
the Commons for offering to provide amply 
and suitably for the comfort and dignity of 
his Royal Father under the calamity wi'.h 
"Which he was afSlcted. 

The Chancellor of the Exchequer moved, 



House of Lords, Jan, 10. 

The Earl of Lverpool, in a neat speech, 
in which he warmly panegyrised the Go- 
vernor General of India, Sir S. Auchmury, 
Gen. Abercrombie, and Colonels Ward 
and Gillespie, with Commodore Rowley, 
moved the Thanks of the House to "Lord 
Minto, fur his zeal, wisdom, and ability, in 
attacking the Enemy's possessions in the 
East." 

The Earl of JVfotra would not oppose 
the Vote, though he was adverse to the 
system of Island conquests, which was 
merely the purchase of a more extended 
cemetery for our soldiers. 

Lord Grenville praised the speech of the 
Noble Secretary : he cordially supported 
the present Vote, which was for a disthn- 
guished union of political and military 
success. • 

The Earl of Bncktnghamshire returned 
thanks for the tribute paid to Lord Minto. 
This motion being carried, was followed 
by separate Votes of Thanks to Generals 
Auchmuty and Abercromby, Admirals 
Bertie and Stopford, Lieut. -cols* Gilles- 
pie and Wetherall, Commodores Rowley 
and Broughton, and the officers, soldiers, 
and marines, employed in the expedition 
to Mauritius, Bourbon, and Java. 

In the Comiyons, the same day, Afr. 
Ryder gave notice of a motion for the 
appointment of a Committee to take into 
consideration the inadequacy of the Night- 
ly Watch employed in tiie Metropolis. 

The 'Chancellor of the Exchequer, in 
moving the Thanks of the House to Lord 
Minto and Sir S. Auchmuty, for their ser- 
. vices in the East, stated that the merit of 
having planned all the expeditions be- 
longed solely to the former. After notic- 
ing, in terms of high praise, the conduct 
of Commodore Rowley in wresting the su- 
periority from the French in the Indian 
seas; the gallantry of Sir S. Auchmu^, 
Colonels Gillespie and M'Leod, the latter 
of whom died in carrying a redoubt ; he 

moved 



1412.] 'PdtrUa'mefUdrjf Pr^egdingsj-^Loniotx Gas^ttes^ %9 



. iMvod firft, TtMt Thanto beroted to Lord 
Minto for the wisdom and ak^ky wttk 
#hiah be had applied the retources in- 
trasted to biiB, to the destruction of tkc 
Freil^ power in the East Indies ; stating^ 
fortiier, that the brilliant Bucce^es which 
had attended 6or arms were owing to that 

, vigorotts system af operations which he 
had so wisely adopted and pnrsiied. 

Mr. Sheridan tfaoaght the merits of Lord 
iiinto had not been made out : no neoes- 
iity had been stated for the Noble Lbid 
ftccorapanying the expedition^ and super- 
intending the military and ttaral opera* 
iions in person. He disapproved of this 
civil controul, which was too like the sys- 
tem adopted by the French in the revolu- 
tionary war, when civil deputies from the 
Convention were sent to superintend the 
commanders of armies. It was confessed 
that Lord Minto had undertaken the ex- 
pcdit.ion contrary to the advice of every 
IMrsen, even of Admiral Drury hin»elf. 



He th^n stated thai greater dan|[ers msrer 
eiicompasiad any araiiy tbaft thosd im 
which Sir S. An^chmuty had beeti involved* 
That gallait General had no altematii^ 
hut a disganceful and precipitate retreat, 
or an assault by stonn. ilk wbiah the 
safety of the whole army was at .stakft. 
He eondnded by stating, thai he th*«^t 
justice had not been done to Conimodova 
Rowley, who, by rallying oorhpftben fbrce 
in the Indian seas, pared the way for tba 
subseqaeat auecesses. 

Messrs. Yorlie, Hpier^ Freemattiht 
Ormnt, and E^oti, suppoitrd the mtflion { 
which was opposed by Messrs* fVkitirimik 
P. Moore, General TarUtok^ «n4 Snr H. 
Menigomery. 

The motion was afterwatds entrit4 
without a division, as were separate votes 
of Thanks to the officers, soldiers, &e. 
employed in the expedition to Jdva. Votes 
of thanks to Commodores Rowley and 
Broughton were likewise oarried* 



INTERESTING INTELLIGENCE FROM THE LONDON GAZETTES. 



AdmkaUy-qffice, Jan. 4. Admiral Sir 
Roger Curtis has transmitted a letter from 
Capt. Symes, of the sloop Thracian, giving 
an account of his having, on the 18th uH. 
driven, on shore, under Cape Levie, a large 
French lugger privateer, pierced for 18 
gnns, and full of men, which was totally 
dashed to pieces on the rocks. 

Admralty^office, Jait. 11. A letter 
from Vlce<admiral Sir Edward Pellew, 
hart. Commafider-in-Chief of his Majes- 
ty's ships and vessels in the Mediterra- 
«ean, dated on board the Caledonia, at 
i^ort Mahon, '7th Nov. 1811, incloses the 
ipllowing -account from the Hon, Capt. 
Duncan, of the Imperieuse, stating the 
aaptnre of three gtm- boats, at Possitano, 
in the Gulph of Salerno, on the 1 1th ult. 

c- Jmperkuse, Guhh of Salerno, 

^"'' OcUW. 

I have the honour to inform you, that 
Jus Majesty's ship under my command, 
this morning attacked three, of tlie £ne« 
my's gun- vessels, carrying each an 18- 
pounder and S2 men, moored under the 
walls of a strong fort, near the town of 
PoBsttano, in the Gutph of Salerno. The 
Imparieuse was anchored about 1 1 o'clock 
within range of grape, and in a few mi- 
Bates the Enemy were driven from their 
.gnns, and one of the gun-boats was sunk. 
•It, however, became ab«olutely necessary 
to get possession of the fort, the fire of 
which, tlioiijrh silenced, yet (from its 
being regularly walled round on all sides) 
the ship could not dislodge the soldiers 
and those of the vessel's crews wfawr had 
made their escape on ^hore and taken 
shelter in it ; the marines and a party of 
••eamen were therefore laqdedj atid, led* 



on by the first Lieutenant, Eaton TrSvew 
dnd Lieut Pipoa, of the royal marines, 
forced their way into the battery in the 
most gallant style, tinder a very henvy 
fire of musketry, obliging more than trebhs 
their numbers to fly io all directions, 
leaving behind about 30 men and 50 stand 
of arms. The guns, whieh were 24- 
pounders, were then thrown ever the 
cUff, the magazines, Ito. destroyed, find 
the two remaining gun-vessels brought 
off. — ^Tbe zeal and gallantry of all the of- 
ficers and crew in this a^air could n*t 
have been e^cceedtfd $ b«t I eannot >flnd' 
words to express my admiration set the 
manner in which Lient. Travers com- 
manded and headed the boats'* crews and 
' landing party, setting the most noble ex- 
ample of intrepidity to the oAcers and 
men under him.^'Owing to baffling winds, 
the ship was unavoidably Mtposed to % 
raking fire going in; but the foretop«sail- 
yard shot away, is the only damage of 
any consequence.—-! have to regret the 
loss of one marFne killed, and two are 
wounded. HsNair Duncan, Captain. 
To Sir Edward Pelletv, barL ^e, S^c. 

Killed and wounded.'^^. Workman, pri-*' 
vate marine, killed; O. Jones, slightly 
wounded ; D. Jones, ditto. 

HtfivRY DuNCAv, Captaki. 

Vice-adm. Sir Edward Petlew, bart. has 
transmitted a tetter from Capt. J. S. Tet- 
tey, of the Guadaloupe sloop, giving an 
account of his having captured, Oct. 24, 
off Cape Blanco, altera chaoe of 13 hours, 
the French schooner privateer Syrene, of 
six guns, pierced for 13, with a comple- 
ment of 6! men; eight days fronv Leg- 
horn, on her tot cruitie, aiid bad made 
no capture. 

Rsal:« 



70 Interesting Intelligence from the London Gazettes. [Jan. 



Rear«a4in. Foley has transmitted a let- 
ter from Capt George Downi^, of the 
Royalist sloop, giviug an account of his 
having captared, Jan. 6, the Fceiich lug- 
ger prirateer Le Furet, of 14 guns and 
56 men, off Folkestone, after a short 
*hace. She haul been tsro days out from 
Calais, during which time she had made 
Mo capture. 

Vice-adm. Otway has transmitted a let- 
ter from Capt. Lewis Hole, giving an ac- 
count of his having captured, Dec. 30, 
after a short chace, St. Abb's Head bear- 
ing West 70 miles, the Danish cutter pri- 
vateer Alvor, of 70 tons, having 14 guns 
mounted, with a complement of 38 men ; 
Out of North Bergen 15 days, without 
having made any capture. 

London Gazette Extkaordinary. 

Doxpning-ttreety Jan. 0.0. Capt. Harris, 
commanding his Majesty's ship Sir Fran- 
cis Drake, arrived last nigbt at Lord 
Liverpool's office, with a dispatch, in which 
the following were inclosures, addressed to 
his Lordship by Governor Farquhar, d^ted 
Port Louis, Isle of France, Oct. 22, 1811. 

Sir, BaUtvioy Sept. 29. 

d had (he honour to acquaint you in my 
dispatch of the 1st inst. that tlie conquest 
of Java was at that time substantially ac- 
complished by the glorious and decisive 
victory of the 20lh of August. — 1 am hap- 
py to anno»incc to your Excellency the re- 
alization of those views, by the actual sur- 
render of the island and its dependencies 
by a capitulation concluded between their 
Excellencies Lieut-gen. Sir S. Auchmuty 
^ndGen. Jansens, on the iBtli September. 
1 have the honour to inclose a report which 
the Commander in Chief has. addressed to 
me of the' proceedings of the army subse- 
quent to the. 26th August, with its inclo- 
sures. Your Excellency will observe with 
satisfaction, from these documents, that 
the final pacification of the island has 
been hastened by fresh examples of the 
same spirit, decision, and judgment, 
which have marked the measures of bis 
Excellency the Commander in Chief, and 
•f the same gallantry which has charac- 
terized the troops since the hour of their 
disembarkation on this coast. The Com- 
mander in Chief will sail jn a few days for 
India ^ and I flatter myself that I shall bo 
able to embark on board his Majesty's 
ship Modeste, for Bengal, about the mid- 
dle of October. M i nto. 
•* To hi* Excellency R. T. Farquhar, Esq. 
&c. &c. &c. Isle of France. 
Modesie^ off Samatang, Sept. 21. 

My Lord, 
I have the honour to submit to your 
Lordship a continuation of the report, 
vhicb'U is my duty to lay before you, of 



the proceedings of the army under my 
command. 

Immediately on receiving the intellw 
gence of General Jansem^'s retreat from 
Bugtenzorg by an Eastern route, and the 
occupation of that post by our troops, i 
placed a force consisting of the 3d batta- 
lion of Bengal volunteers, and a detach- 
ment of artillery with two guns, under the 
order of Colonel Wood, and directed hit 
embarkation, in communication with Rear- 
Admiral Stopford, who ordered three fri- 
gates on this service, for the purpose of 
bccupying the fort of Cheribon. Trans- 
ports were at the same time put in a state 
of preparation for a force, consisting of the 
detachment of the Royal, and a company 
of Bengal artillery, a troop of his Majes- 
ty's !22d dragoons, his Majesty's 14th and 
78th regiments of foot, the 4ih battaiioa 
of Bengal volunteer Sepoys, the Madras 
pioneers, and a small ordnance equip- 
ment, with which it was ray intention to 
embark, and accompanying Rear-admi- 
ral Stopford with ihe squadron, for the 
attack of Sourabaya and Fort Ix)uis, to- 
wards which place it was supposed the 
enemy bad revired. 

• A large part of his Majesty's 14th regi- 
ment, the royal artillery, and six fieki- 
pieces, were, by the kindness of Rear- 
admiral Stopford, received on board bit 
Majesty's ships of war, and they, with 
the transports, sailed as they could begot 
ready for sea, with orders to rendezvous 
off the point of Sidayo, near the Western 
entrance of the harbour of Sourabaya. I 
embarked on tlie 4th of September ; and 
early in the morning on the 5th, sailed to 
join the troops in his Majesty's ship Mo- 
deste, which the Admiral, in attention to 
my convenience, had allotted for my ac- 
coinmodation. 

On the 6th of September, when on the 
point of Indermayo^ I learned from aa 
expt ess.boat which had been boarded by 
Commodore Brougbton^ that Cheribon 
was in possersion of the frigates detached 
on that set vice, having separated from the 
transport on board of which all their 
troops but the Commodore had embarked. 
Captain Beaver, the senior officer of the 
squadron, had landed the seamen and 
marines, and occupied the fprt, which 
surrendered to his summons in time to 
make a prisoner of Brigadier Jamelle, 
while passing on his route from Bugten- 
zorg, with many other officeis and troops. 
liCtters intercepted on this occasion from 
General Jansens announced ihis intention 
to collect his remaining for(?b near Sama«> 
rang, and to retire on Solo. This inielli- 
geitce determined me to sail for Cheribon^ 
wh«^ 1 arrived on the evening of the 7th 
of September ; and finding that no troops 
had yet arrived, that a detachment of sea- 
men 



1^12.] Interesting Intelligence frmn the London Gazettes. 7t 

Iften and maiiiies bad marched ialaad on attack tbe town : a summons was first 
the Bugtenzorg road, and been successful sent to tbe Commandant, and it appeared 
in securing great numbers of the fugitives that tbe ^emy bad (as at Batavi^i) eva- 
£rom th«nce, and graining possessieni on cuated the place, leaving it to be surren* 
terms of capitulation, of the pott of Carong dcred by tbe Commander of the Burgh- 
Sambong on that route, I sent immediate .ers. It was that night occupied by a de- 
orders for the march of reinforcemeuts tacbm(*nt under Colonel Gibbs; and all 
firoDA the district of Batavia. Tbe cavalry, tbe troops I could collect were landed on 
balf of the horse axtillery, and the detach- tbe fol lowing day. 

ment of his Majesty^s 89tb regiment from it was ascertained that the Enemy had 

Bagtenzorg, were desired to join me at retired to a strong position, about six 

Samarang, by the route of Cberibon, and miles distance on the Solo road, carrying 

the light infantry volunteer battalion was with him all the chief civil as well as mlli- 

ord4>.red to embark a} Batavia for the same tary officers of the district, and that be 

place. was busied in completing batteries and 

f obtained from Captain Beaver, of bis intrenchments in a pass of the hills, where 

llajesty's shi^p Nisus, the dispatch of ves- be had collected the residue of his regular 

sels in every direction, to meet the strag- troops, sume cannon, and a force, includ- 

gltng transports on their route to Soura- ing the auxiliary troops of tbe native 

baya^ and direct them all to rendezvous princes, exceeding eight hundred men, 

at Samarang; addressing a letter to the cavalry, infantry, and artillery, com- 

-Honourable Admiral Stopford, to Com- manded by many European officers of 

anodore Broughton, and. all the Captains rank. 

of his Majesty's ships, requesting them to As any check of the attempts of our 

give similar orders. I sailed tbe saine troops at this important period might have 

evening in the Modeste, and, after meet- been productive of the worst effects, I 

iog the Windham transport, and ordering thought it prudent to wait tbe hourly ex- 

ber with the 3d volunteer battalion to pected arrival of a larger force; but after 

Cberibon, directed my course to Sama- two days passed at Samarang without their 

rang. I arrived there on tbe 9th, aud appearance, I resolved to risk an attack 

was shortly afterwards joined by Rear- with the slender means at my disposal, 

admiral Stopford, the Commodore, and a rather than to give the Enemy confidence 

few transports, having on board a part of by a longer delay, or afford them time to 

his Majesty's 14thres:iroent,half the 78th, complete their works, which were said to 

the artillery detachments, six field-pieces, be still imperfect. 

and the detachment of pioneers. For these reasons, on the evening of the 

To ascertain the fact of General Jan- 14th, 1 had directed preparations to be 

sens's presence, and feel how far the cap- made for an attack on the following day, 

ture of General Jamelle and the troops when intelligence arrived that the Wind- 

from Bogtenzorg might have changed his ham had sailed for Cberibon with sbme 

plan, I repeated to him on the 10th, in , troops, and several vessels were seen in 

concert with the Admiral, an invitation to the offing ; I therefore couutcrmanded the 

surrender the island on terms of capitula- orders, in the expectation of succours, but 

tion;- and Captain Elliou and Colonel the Admiral, anxious, on account of the 

Agnew were charged with the communi- approaching unfavourable season, to se- 

cation. They saw the General,— received cure a safe anchorage for the ships, sailed 

his reply,*— ascertained that he had still in the morning, witii two ships of the line 

with him at least a numerous staff, — and and three frigates, to attack Fort Louis, 

that he professed a determination to per- and, if successful, to occupy the harbour 

severe in the contest Tbe small force of ^ourabaya. 

with me did not admit of my attempting The Windham alone arrived in the 

Jtd assault the place,-while it was supposed course of the, night, and even the very 

to be thus occupied ;' but an attack was slender reinforcement which she brought 

made that night by the boats of the squad- was, situated as we were, of great import- 

ron OD several gun- vessels of the enemy ance, and it enabled me to withdraw all 

moored agross the entrance of the rivers the European garrison from the fort of 

leading to the town end : the precipitation Samarang, and to add a company of Se- 

with which they were abandvned gave a poys to the field force, which thus strength- 
character of probability to accounts which ened did not exceed one thousand^ one 

reached us from fishermen and others, hundred infantry, and the necessary ar- 
that the General was occupied in with- tillery to man four six-pounders, with 

drawing his troops to the interior, and had some pioneers. 

fortified a position at a short distance on I did not think it proper to assume the 

tbe road towards Solo or Soercarta, the directcommand of so small a detachment; 

residence of the Emperor of Java. I confided it to Colonel Gibbs, of bis-M^- 

On tbe 12th ef September, as no other jesty's 59th regiment, proceeding, how- 

. troopt had arrived, it wa» determined to ever, with the troops, tha^ I mig^t be-at 

^and 



72 JnUresiing InfdUigence/rpfft ike Londpn Gazette^. [Jan. 



hnnA to profit by any fbrtattate retultdf 
th^ attaek. 

Experience bad warrantedl my reposing 
tbe fullest conildence in tbe ralour and 
diMzipline of the troops I had tbe g;ood 
fortune to commancly and taught me to 
appreciate those which the Enemy couM 
oppose to them. Many of tiie fugitivea 
from Cornelius were in their ranks, and 
the rest of their farces were strongly im- 
pressed, by Ibeic exaggerated accounts, 
with the dangers to be dreaded from the 
hnpetuosity of our troops. I did not, 
therefore, feet apprehension of any un^ 
fortunate result from attacking the Enemy 
with numbers so very disproportionate ; 
but from our total want of cavarfry, I did 
not expect to derive from it any very de- 
cisive advantage, beyond tliat of driving 

I them from the position they had chosen. 

I The small party of cavalry, of which 
I bad beeu disappointed by tl^ absence 
of the transports which conveyed them, 

, would have been invaluable ; < much of the 
Enemy's force was mounted, and they 
had some horse artillery, while not even 
the horses of my staff were arrived, and 
our artillery and ammunition were to be 
moved by hand by the lascars and pio- 
neer<, who for this purpose were attached 

, to the field-pieces. 

Colonel Oibbs OKM'cbed at two o-clock 
on the morning of the 16th from Sama- 
.rang, and after ascondtng some steep hills, 
at the distance pf near six miles, the fir^ 
of the Enemy appeared a little before the 
dawn of day extending along the summit 
pf a hill, which crossed our front at Jattce 
AUee, and over part of which the road 

' was cut ; the doubtful light, and great 
height of the hill they occupied, made the 
position appear at first most formidable. 
it was redoived to attack it immediately, 
and as the leading division or advance of 
the detachments moved fbrward to torn 
the Enemy's left, a fire was opened on 
them from many guns placed on the sum- 
mit of the hill, and various positions on 
its face, which completely commanded 
the road; these tiere answered by our 
field-pieces as they came up, with the 
effect, though fitred from a considerable 
distance, and with great elevation, of 
confusing the Enemy's artillery in direct- 
ing their fire, from which a very trtfiing 
loss was sustained. Their fiank was turned 
with little difficulty but what arose from 
the extreme steepness of the ascent, and 
ftfter a short but ineffectual attempt to 
stop, by the fire of some guns advantage- 
ously posted acrui>s a deep* ravme, the 
advance of the body of our detachment, 
the Enemy abandoiied the greatest part 
of their artillery, and were seen in gieat 
aumbers, and in great confusion, in full 
fttreat. 
9ur wimt ol^yalry to follow tbe fup- 



tives wilb speed, tbe steopncts of tbe rood, 
and the necessity for ramovirig chevaux 
de frise with which the passage was ob» 
struded, gave time for the escape of tha 
Enemy, whik our troops, exhausted by 
their exertions, were recovering tbei^ 
breath. 

It was evident that their army was 
completely disunited^ several officers, 
some of them of rank, were taken ; their 
native allies, panic struck, had abandon^ 
ed their officers, and only a few pieces of 
horse artillery remained of their field ord- 
nance. With these they attempted to 
cover their retreat, pursued by Colonel 
Oibbs, who, with the detachment, passed 
several incomplete aud abandoned batte- 
ries ; and at noon, and after twelve mHes* 
march over a i^ugged country, approached 
the village of Oonarang, in which, and in 
the small fort beyond it, the Enemy ap- 
peared to have halted, and collected in 
irregular masses. Small cannon from the 
fort aiKl village opened on the line as it' 
advanced. Our field-pieces were brought 
up to a commanding station, and by their 
fire covered the formation of the troopF, 
who, led by Colonel Oibbs, were advanc- 
ing to assault the fort, when it was eva- 
cuated by the Enemy ; alarmed by otnr 
fire, they were seen to abandon it and its 
vicinity in the utmost confusion, leaving 
some light guns with much ammunitioh 
and provisions in^the village, where they 
had broken tbe bridge to impede pursuit; 
the road beyond it was covered with the 
caps, clothing, and inilrtary equipments 
of their troops, who seemed to have been 
completely routed and dispersed. 

A number of officers made prisoners 
confirmed this belief; our troops had 
however marched so far, that they were 
unequal to a longer pursuit, and w^re 
quartered tn the fort and the barracks 
which the Enemy had quilted. 

Early in the night. Brigadier Winkle- 
man, with some other officers, came into 
my quarters with a flag of truce from 
General Jansens, who was stat^ to be 
fifteen mile* in advance of my position, 
Solatiga, on the rOad to Solo J the Briga- 
dier was charged to request, an armistice, 
that the Gove»nor-General might commu- 
nicate with yo«ir L«^rdship on terms of 
capitulation. He was infonned by my 
direction, that he must treat with me, and 
that without delay ; I, however, consent- 
ed, in consideration of the distance of his 
position, to grant, for the express pur- 
pose of capitulation, an armistice of tweh- 
ty-four hours, to commence from six 
o'clock on the following morning, and 
limited in its effects to the forces present. 
With this answei* Brigadier Whiklem^n 
returned, accepting the amlisiice prd- 
posed. * ' 

1 was perfectly aware of the geneiral seh- 

timenta 



181 2.] Interesting JntelUgente fr&m the Lpndon Gazettes. W 



timents of Rear-admiral StO|^ord ragar4<- 
iog the objiect on which Our joint servictt 
/Were empkiyed, from the unreserved com- 
munication I had held with him. tie had 
sailed fo€ Soorabaya with the declared 



tcrior, would noi admit of delay, 1 aMumtd 
a firni tone ; and, desiring Qen, WiBl|l^- 
mao to be informed that penonal rerpect 
for the character of GeQ. Jantens b«d 
alone induced me to grant, aiiy terms tp 



inteutiop of attacking Fort Louis, and of his armjr, announced to kigi that the ar- 

returning to his stution wlien the service mistice would cease at the appointed 

was accomplished; and he'waamost' hour, and the trqopt march forward at tl^e 

anxious for its speedy termination, as b^ same time. 

had informed me, he did not think ships Col. Agneir gaveiOidersfiorthil purpofe 

would be safe on th^ Northern coasts of in his presence ; and mftmied him, that 

Java atter the 4th of Octoher, unlu|s if Gen. Jansenf allowed the ppportunit^ 



Sonrabaya was in opr possession. 

All these coastderations were strong in. 
my mind against the delay of a reference 
to'him ; and, confident that the important 
object of alining for Gr^at Britain an 
immediate surrender of the island ought 
not to be impeded or delayed by any point 
merely of form, I did not hesiiate to act 
imtividually, and on my sole responsibi- 
lity,,for the interests of the State. 1 had 
also cause to fear, if the iavourable mo- 
ment was allowed la pass, that the allies 
of the Enemy might recover from their 
panic, that General Jansens might learn 
the small an^ouut of our force, that he 
miglit again collect his troops and retire 



of recapitulating bow offered to effcapf » 
by not accepting the terms already pre^ 
pared, no other could he offered. JBrif^. 
Winkleman returned with all ^ed ^ 
Gen. Jansens, and CoL Gibht marcbad 
with bi^ detai^bmeot at six o'clock on the 
road to 3oIig»ta, where, after advancing 
about Sve miles, he was met by Brig. 
Winkleman, bearing the capitulation, 
confirmed by the signnture of Gen. Jan- 
sens, and accompanied )l>y a Utter, No. 
2, which strongly marked the acuteness of 
his feelings at being compelled, by tho 
desertioit'of hit allies, and the destruction 
of hit army, to atdopt this meature. 
The detachment counter-marched im- 



oo Solo, Inhere, profiting by tl»e [>eriod of mediately, and, after sending A c omp a ny 



the approaching rain?, he might prolong 
the contest; and,. though I could net doubt 
its ultimate success, a war in the interior 
would have embarrassed our arrange- 
ments, and have involved the affairs of 
the colony in inextricable confusion. 

On the forenoon of the 17th of Septem- 
ber, the Comroandeur Dc Koek, Brig2)(- 
dier and Chief of the Staff of the French 
army in Java, arrived at Oonarang, wit^ 
powers from Gen. Jansens to treat of a 
capitulation, which I authorized Col. Ag- 
new, the Adjutant-general of the Forces, 
to discuss with him on my part : the re- 
sult was, the signature by them of the 
articles 1 have thebonour to inclose, No. 
1, with which Gen. De Kock returned i|i 
the afternoon to obtain Gen. Jansens'^ ap- 
proval. 

At 3 o'clock in the morning of the 18th, 
Brig. Wipkleman arrived at my quarters 
from Gen. Jansens, who declined to sign 
the articles which had been agreed upon, 
adverting particularly to those which con- 
cerned the debt;} of the Government to in- 
dividuals. He requested that I would 
meet the General half way, or stated thi),t 
be would, if preferred, come to my 4H«>r- 
lers at Oonarang, for the purpose of dis- 
cussion or explanation of those ai tides. 

As the situation in which it is evident 
he stood deprived him of all claim to 
tliose terms of capitulation which, ha«t he 
pro^ted by the former inv^ions, ma<|e 
while he still possessed the means of de- 
fence, he might perj^aps have obtained; 
and as my titnationa with a foree unequal 



(at the requeft of Brig. Winkleman) tp 
secure the guns on the post of Soligat#« 
moved back to Oonarang, whence on the 
evening i returned to Samarang, just be* 
fore Gen. Jansens had announced bis mr 
tention of joinjng ne at the fom^er place. 
The General, with great p#it of his offi* 
cers, also reached Siaiikarang that night. 
I visited him on the following day, an4 
arranged for the equipment of a transport 
to convey him to Batavia, with his snite^ 
on which they embarked this morning. 

I have dispatched Col. Gibbs to asstime 
the command of the division of Sourabaya* 
to which 1 have allotted his Mije^y's 78th 
regiment, the 4th volonteer battaboa, the 
light infantry battalion, and the n^ai ar- 
tillery. \ have sent a small detachment 
under Major Yule, of the 30th Bengal re- 
giment, an officer on whose conduct I 
have much reliance, to accompany the 
Ptince of Samanap and his force to the 
island of Madura, where I have directed 
the Major to assume command, snbjeet 
to the general controui of CoL Qtbbs ; he 
has been instructed to occupy the small 
forts of Joaima and Hambang on bis ronte; 
and I Mve directed that of Japan to be 
occupied from Samarang. Idiamayo and 
Pacalonga have been ^rrisoned by troops 
from Cberibon. In mentioning the Prince 
of Samanap, it would be unjust to htm 
not to report, that, prier to my mareh 
from Samarang to attack, the Enemy, be 
sent to ask my orders^ being, with 2000 
of his people, within a short distance at 
Paraak. He visited ma on my return to 



to strofl^cute oper#tiofis farther inth^ in« fi^nara^g, and expiessed an Vainest wish 
pairr. Mao. fynwrtf^ IdiS. ' . f^r 

10 



N 



74 



London Gazettes. — Naval Intelligence. 



[Jan. 



for tbe protection and friendship of tbc rang shaTl bare arrived, and the report of 

■ BVitish nation. Capt. Robrnson shall have warranted a 

As Col. Wood requested permission to judgment of the strength of 'these de- 

* relinquish the command of Samarang, and tachments. 

'return to Bengal, I appointed Lieut.-col. I embarked this morning in his Majes- 

Watson, of hfe Majesty's 14th regiment, ty*s ship Modeste for Batavia, and shall 

to relieve him in the cortimand. The 14th have the honour of receiving your Lordr 

regiment, a small detachment of artillery, ship's personal comnmnds, and discussing 

and part of the 3d volunteer battalion, with you the several military arrange- 

bav^ been stationed at Samarang, and will ments which it may be necessary to make 

shortly, I trust; be reinforced by the ar- for the security of the island pf Java and 

rival of the detachments of the horse ar- its dependencies, previous to my return to 

tillery, cavalry, and 8^th regiment. Madras, which it is my wish to do without 

\ ha%'e detached Capt. Robinson, your delay. S. Auchmutt, Lieut. -Geu. 

Lordship's Aide-de-camp; with a small es- To the Jtight Hon, Lord Minto, 

' cort, to the «oarts of Solo and D'Jogocar- Governor General^ i^c. 

ta, to deliver a letter from me to the Em- [Here follow the Articles of Capitula- 

pcror and Sultan, ahd announce the tion. They are highly favourable to Ihis 

change that has taken place. I have also country ; and at the same time reflect 

called upon the residents at their courts, great honour on the British character. The 

Van Braatn and Englehar^, to continue, Kurppean troops, under Gen. Jansens, 

agreeably tothe capitulation, the exercise surrendered at discretion. The Native 

of their functions in behalf of the British Princes, and their troops, who fought un- 

Govemment, and to secure carefully the der them, are treated with great humanity 

public property of the late Government, and respect. There were' only 2 killed at 

placed in the territories of the respective Jattee Alice, and 10 wounded. The ord- 

Princes at whose court they reside. nance found in the batteries between Sa^ 

I have also required the other public marang and Oonarang, and in the latter 

functionaries of the late Government to fort,* amonntsto 56 pieces of cannon.] 

Contitrae \t the temporary exercise of their [This Gazette likewise contains copiel 

functions, which hitherto I have found no of letters from Rear-adm. Stopford, Capls. 

instanceof their declining to perform. - Beaver, Hillyard, and Harris, relative to 

It i*ill be necessary soon to arrange for the co-operation of the naval force in the 

the guard of hdnour attached to the Em- reduction of Java and its dependencies. 

p^Blror and Sultan of the troops of tho Eu- The attack upon Sourabaya was suggested 

'iropean Government of Java, and for the' by Adm. Stopfbrd, who gives great prai&e 

occupation of the^fbrts at their capital, to Capt. Harris, oCthe Sir Francis Drake, 

aud on th<r lines of comRumication to and for his successful and able policy in de- 

betfp^een these ; but this will be easily ar- tachkig the Sultan of Madura from his al- 

<rbnged when the troops ordered to Sama- liance with Gen. Jansens. 



N A \ A L INTELLIGENCE, 



The* following extract of a letter from 
Capt. Murray, of the Medea, dated South 
Uist, Dec. 27, stages the melancholy parti- 
culars of the loss of that YesBo! : — ** The 
>f edea is a total wreck.. We sailed from 
Quebec on the l^h of October; during 
our voyage we lost several df our masts, 
sails, i(C owing to the most tempestuous 
weather. On the ^loming of the 'iSd we 
saw the land of this island. As the vessel 
was nearly ungovernable, I endeavoured 
to clear the land to run through some of the 
many passages here } but,, not having sails 
o9 masts requisite, the sea drove her to 
leeward, in spite of all our efforts. When 
I saw my fate, and the breakers in all di- 
irections, I ran to the clearest part I 
could see, and let go my best bower, and 
wore away the most of the cable in 10 fa- 
thoms water ; I found the bottom' rocky ; 
and at four a. m. the rocks cut the cable 
nigh tiie anchor, and cut what remained 
pn board, to make hcr'wear before the 
Trind for the ckarest paft of Uie SomMl. 



The seamen claimed the boat, and could 
not be prevailed upon to stop with me \\\i 
day-lij?ht ; and their importunity pre- 
vailed on me to take my chanbe with them. 
I threw my papers into the bqat wrapped 
up, and only waited a chance tQ get ip, 
when a boisterous sfea broke pver the ves- 
sel, and buried ihem all in a watery grave, 
I alone escaping, and an old man that was 
below sickly." 

By the amiexed article, brought by the 
Anholt Mails, the los& of the St. George 
and Defence ships of the line, with all 
their crews, except 18, is ascertained. 
On the morning of the d4th ult they 
struck ^n the coast of Jutland, and soon 
after went to pieces. Six only of the crew 
of the Defence reached the shore, and 12 
of the St. George. There were between 
14 and 1500 men on board when the ships 
went down; and the sea was so boisterous, 
that all attempts to save them were fniit- 
less. — ** Copenkasefif ' Dec. 31. Advice 
has been received her« of tt^e £nglish Ad- 

■ ■' " miral's 



1812.] Melancholy Shipwrecks.-^Naval Heroism. 



75 



mirai's ship St George, of 98 guns» com> 
maiHled by Adm. Reynolds, and the De< 
fence, of 74 guns, Capt. David Atkins, 
having, on the morning of the 24th Dec. 
been stranded on the coast of i^e. Barony 
of Ryssenstaeo, in the district of Ringkis< 
berg. The crew of the first-named ship 
is said to have consisted of 8j(0 men, and 
that of the last, 530 men, exclusive of of- 
ficers. In half an hour after the Defence, 
struck, she went entirely to pieces, and 
tiie whole of the crew were drowned, will* 
the exception of five yeomen and one ma- 
rine, who saved themselves on pieces of 
the wreck.. The body of Capt Atkins was 
washed on shore. In the afternoon of the 
filiowing day, a part of the St. Georcce's 
rabih and stern-frame, on which a num- 
ber of people were standing, was per- 
ceived from the shore. A ^iece of the 
mast being cut away, a nuiQber of people 
got upon it, of which it is supposed but 
▼ery few can have escaped, as the waves 
^and current, which ran strong Sontii^rly, 
' with the wind at N. N. W. washed the peo- 
ple off it before they could reach the shore. 
Soontf endeavoured to save themselves on 
a raft, but uho, according to report, had 
perished. Accounts had likewise been 

reived from JLemvig, stating that the 
George was entirely sunk, and only 12 
men of hej crew saved. The ship was 
above 300 fathoms off shore.— -The six 
men saved out of the Defence have/ on 
examination, declared, that the first cause 
* of this misfortune was the St. George 
having last month lost her masts in a gale 
of wind when off Holland, in the Belt, 
and consequently, when she came into 
the North Sea, she could not easily be 
brought into stays» or keep up with the 
fleet which caniie out from Wingoe Sound." 
To the above distressing intelligence we 
^ regret to add the loss of the Hero, of 74 
> guns, Capt. Newman, in the dreadful 
•, gale of Dec. 524, which is said to have 
stmck on the Haak sand, near the Texel, 
•here she foundered, and, it is stated,; 
«TOry soul perished. — The Gra.«shopper 
sloop struck also on tli^ Ha^k, but got 
over it, and was subsequently wrecked. 
Capt. Fanshaw, the commander, and the 
I officers and crew, are,^ it is said, saved,. 
! but are made prisoners Of war in Holland. 
A letter from G. Tyrrell, late Acting 
tieutenant of the Barracouta^ and then 
on board the Illustrious, in Batavia 
Roads, dated Aug. 30, says, " The Bar- ^ 
racouta lying at anchor at Bantam, some~ 
of the natives came on board, and told us, 
we would send a boat to a place they 
inied out, they would give, lis refresh- 
ment?. I was sent in the launch, with 
eight men armed to guard against tr^a- 
«hery, "We at night arrived at the place, 
»ut the things were not ready, so we were 
<>Wig8d to wait till morning. As we were 



poi 



cookjing our breakfast, a prow we had 
been watching all the morning stood to- 
wards us, ao I ordered every thing to be 
got ready. As she apprpached I observed 
she was full of men, and therefore thought 
it pri^ent to eet off j but I could not, for 
the prow both out-bailed and out-rpwed 
us. When she came near they began to 
fire. I was now cUfcvinccd they were pi- 
rates, ahd determined to board them, 
knowing that to be the only chance | for,^ 
if they took us, they would have put the, 
whoie of us to death. As sotn as we 
came alongside,' we cleared our way with 
x)ur muskets, aiul jumped pn board, the 
prow. There were about 50 men in her, 
and we only nine. In about hs^lf an hour' 
we cleared her. By this time we had 
drifted near the shore, and the few, then 
rentaining jumped overboard. I observed 
four or five reach the shore, most of them 
wounded. I had two men J^illed ; the 
other six had no wounds of consequence^^ 
Just then the Leda appeared in the offing, 
and we touk bur prize on board her, and 
got to the ,Barracouta about noon." 

A small body of our troops signarize4 
themselves by a brilliliut achievement on 
the coast of Naples in the latter end pf 
October. Two hundred and fiTty soldiers 
of. the 62d r^gim'^nt, under Maj. Darley,' 
who had embarked at Melazzo in the /m- 
perieuse and Thames frigates, with 50 ma- 
rines, under Lieut. Pipon, landed in the 
face of upwards of 900 of the Enemy, uq- 
der the orders of Gen. Pignatelli, at Pa-' 
linurus, attacked and took his position, 
and not only maintained it, but, charging 
the Bnemy with fixed ha^'onets, put them 
to flight; next destroyed the Enemy'sf 
batteries and cannon, and three gun- 
boats; captured six more, and 20 mer- 
chantmen; .and after spying two days 
ashore, re-embarked and returned to Me^ 
lazzo with their prizes, 

A communication from Cadiz Qotices a. 
very gallant affair on the part of the armed 
me^chant-vessel Recent, She was at- 
tacked on the 25lh ot November, off Aya- 
monte, by three Freuoh privateers, with 
which she sustained a smart action for a 
considerable time, till, being ^t length 
able to brixig the whole of her guns to bea^ 
on one of the assailants, she gave her such 
a broadside as sunk her imme'diatcly; 
whereupon her companions with difficulty 
made their escape. The Regent .carries 
12 guns, and 36 men. 

Accounts from Basque Roads state the 
loss of the boats of the Conque^tadore and 
Colossus, with about 100 meri. The fol- 
lowing particulars are communicated in a ' 
letter frodi an officer on th.e, station j— - 
" On the 27th ult. the boats of the Colos- 
sus and Conquestadore, under 4he com- 
mand of Lieut. Stackpole of the latter 
vt&sel, and Lieut. Soady of the former, 

atta<died 



\ 



Ahstrdct rf Foreign Occurrences. 



76 

attacked an Eaemy'tconToy paasing along 
shore from the Northward, and would 
have accomplished its capture or destruc- 
tion, had not the wind suddenly shifted, 
just as the boats were to the Southward of 
Cbatillon Reef. This dhiftiog of the wiod 
Enabled the ships escortuig the convoy, 
viz. three gun-brigs, an armed fugger, 
and several pinnaces, fo attack the boots, 
the crews of which made several gallant 
attempts to board their opponents (and 
particularly the lugger, in two instances), 
but the iniperiority in numbers on the part 
^f the Eiieitiy rendered every attempt in- 
effectual. Undaunted by this superiority, 
^r the filing fire from several batteries 



[Jan; 



and the vessels aroond t^em, our noble 
tars, disdaining to surrender to the gup* 
hrigff, pulled coolly' towards the shore, 
where they were taken prisoners (being 
104 in number), except those in the boaf 
with Lieut. Soady, which miracutously 
escaped. Tlie Conqnestadore and Piercer 
gun -brig were under weigh near the scene 
of action, and witnessed every part of it, 
without being able to give Our noble fel- 
lows the least assistance. ' No more thaa 
fotnr or five were killed on this occasion, 
amongst whom was a Master's Mate, 
conraianding one of tb% boats. Lieut. 
Stacl^pole was ascertained to be weH 00 
the 30th. 



AB&TRACT OF FOREIGN OCCURRENCES* 



FRANCE. 

The conscripts, and the troops of the 
Khenish Conrederation, desert in such 
lumbers on their way to join the French 
Armies in Spain, that Buonaparte has 
found it necessary to issue special orders 
to the Prefects, Mayors, aifd other Civil 
Officers in the departments, to patrole 
with strong parties of military, all the 
public and bye-roads in their jurisdiction, 
and apprehend every person of suspicious 
lippearance. The hours for this service 
are so varied, that, along a great extent 
of country, there irill always be several 
military parties on duty, with civil officers 
at their head, day and night. 

The Moniteur cootmues its fabrication 
^f the names of foreign invalids, said to 
have been discharged from our service, 
and landed upon the Continent by our 
Government. The motive of this ma- 
noeuvre is obvious ; Buonaparte finds that 
the disposition of the foreigners in his 
army, to desert, is extremely prevalent ( 
and this he tries to check, by attempting 
to induce a belief that foreigners are ill- 
treated by us. 

The city of Lisle has purchased of Buo- 
ha;)Arte, for a considerable sum, a new 
coat of arms. This is not so reprehensible 
a paode of filling his coffers as has some- 
times been adopted by the French Ruler. 

The celebrated convent of La Trappe 
was, on the SOth November, suppressed 
by a'l>ecree of the Swiss Council. 

The Mayor of Vitrey, who is 78 years 
Of age, in walking last month through his 
ivoods, was attacked by a wolf, which, 
after a severe contest, during which he 
Stas dragged on the ground, he killed. 
The carcase of th« animal weighed IdOlbs. 

A duel took place last month at Bour- 
deaux, between two merchants. On the 
first fife, one of the parties fell, and tbe 
Seconds immediately approached, suppos- 
ing that he was mortally wounded ; aflei' 
a close inspection they found that he had 
tkQ% sustained any ii^xiryi his antagonist's 



ball having glanced aside, and lodged in 
the trunk of a tree ; but he was neverthe- 
less dfead ; having, it is conjectured, an- 
ticipated by his terrors that fato whicli 
he might otherwise have escaped. His 
antagonist was wounded in the right arm. 

An ordinance relative to the exterior 
and interior Police of the Parisian Theatre^ 
has been issued, expressly prohibiting all 
))eiHons from re-selHng tickets bought at 
the office, or" selling such as have bee# 
obtained from any^ other source. None 
are to disturb the audience by noise, ap<^ 
plause, or hissing, before the curtain 
rises, nor between the acts. Ip the great 
theatres, during the whole representatiooy 
no one is to keep his hat on after the cur- 
tain rises. Every individual is to obey, 
provisionally, the officer of the Police. 
In consequence, when be is invited by him 
to quit the theatre,/ he is to proceed im- 
mediately to the Poliee Office, to give 
such explanations as may be demanded 
of him.. 

SPAIN AKD PORTUGAL. . 

The death of Lieut King, of the 13th 
Light Dragoons, which we noticed in p. 
658 of our last, volume, was attended witli 
circumstances peculiarly affiicting and 
extraordinary. Appointed to command 
the escort of a Frenchcaptajn in exchange 
fi)r Capt Nixon, taken at the siege of Ba- 
dajoz, he met the French escort, each 
attended by trumpets as flags of truce, 
and was induced, by civility to the Frei»cH 
officer, to accompany them further towards 
Badajoz i abofit three , miles from which 
pitfce they fell in with a party of mounted 
Spaniards, who commenced a fire upon 
the party, especially-^upon the French 
, trumpeter, some little, way in the rear, 
owing' to his being moimted on a lanr.^ 
horse, which they shot. Lieut King in^ 
^tantiy galloped up to the Spaniards, and 
in their onvu language would have explained 
the nature of the service they were upon, 
but they woaM not listen. They shot hio^ 
through tfae heart Thus feU ai brave a 

yedt^ 



\912.] 



Abstract of Foreign Occurrences. 



7T 



yovth as ever cairied vtmB, ia the bnida- 
ble exercise of huoiMiity, and tbe truiy 
Christian eadeavoar- to preierve thosa 
whom he had frequently met ia tbe field 
«s enemies. . . 

' The Spaaish Cartas hare acquitted 
LieuteiiaDt-geiieral Don Manuel oe La<. 
pena, conlmaader^ tbe Spaniards ia the 
tattle of Barrosa* aad dedare that they 
mre perfectly satisfied with his conduct on 
lliat day. As a proof oC their til^h ap-* 
prebatiimr they hate conferred on hiaa 
Ibe Great Cross of tbe order af Charles II L 
A Tery daring atteiapt was made by the 
Gaerilla pairtizaa ZaMiTsr, on tbe Sth of 
last mon^ to seize and carry off Soalt, 
«9 he was taking an airing iii the publio 
wsdk of Bella Flor» at Seville, The de- 
sign bad nearly succeeded ; bn^ unluckily* 
Soalt was apprised by a shepherd of hia 
danger, as be was approacbiog the .spot 
in his coach ; upon which he immediately 
retnkned to his quarters in the heart of the 
city. 

Tbe Monitenr of the !25tbutt. eantdined, 
tmder the head of intelligence from the 
French armies in Spain, a short dispatch 
i'rom General Suchet, by which the rumour 
that General Ghrard had shot himself 
^ prores to be nnfounded. In palliating 
hia defifcat, the Preach commander states, 
that his corps^ did not in tha whole exceed 
1300 men, 800 of whom esci^ied. [Ho# 
came it, theil, that General Hill made 
mora than thatntimber prisoners I] 

lisbon papers to tbe 6tb instant state, 
that the head-quarters of the Allied Army 
remained at Freynada. Geoeral Hill, 
after some ^irmishing with the Enemy at 
I/» NovaSy whom he defeated with the 
loas of 25 killed, 20 wounded, and 15 
prisoners, entered Merida on the 30th 
nit. where he foand considerable maga- 
zines, the Enemy having previously re* 
treated. 

Letters from Oporto to tbe 12lh instant, 
^mmunicate some particulars of interest 
respecting the armies in the Penihsula. 
Ijoni Wellington was >certainly preparing 
to advance; and whatever latent views his 
Lordship might have in contemplation, 
jsuch a movement, compelling Marmont 
to concentrate his troops, would have an 
important effecton the Enemy's operations 
in the>£oof h and North-westero provinces. 
The force^emaining with Marmont occu- 
pied, on the 98th Dec. a line extending 
from T6le(k> to Talavera^ Tbe French 
head-quarters were aft tbe latter place. 
Avila, Momboltan, Tietar, and other 
places bad been fortified. General Bren- 
aier was at Placentia. Tbe Central Army 
amounts to 42,000 E6en,, but it is indif- 
ferently equipped. 

ITALY. 
A fni^ eniptkm from M^nmt Etna took 
]placc o^tht 97th Oo^er, iSeveral Hioutbs 



lu^ opened on fho Eaateni sidtf of Ibtf 
mountain, which emitted torrents of b«ni« 
ing diatter, discharged with the. greatsal 
force from the interior of the votcand^ 
^luminating the harizo» to a great dtstancetft 
Clouds of ashes also descended in the fbma 
of rain upon the city of Calana and. iti 
environs, and spOtt the fields situate at a 
very graat distance. On the 18th of No^ 
vember the eruption still^ oentinued, and 
exhibited appearanets of the most terriblo 
disasters. 

T:<e magnificeiit ohuk^h of Montreale; 
near Palermo, was burbt to the g#Ound 
on tlie 1 1th D^cefiri>er. k Walsan antiqaa 
structure, and eoalaineid nMpy eurioat 
monuments of an^nt kings. Theentraiii 
of St. Louis, who died before Tunta, aUd 
wbo^ body was coavayed to Ffaace» vei# 
deposited in it. <• 

GERMANY. 

Tbe Emperor Prabois has met wiih soaia 
oppositiou from a party in the Huagariaa 
i>i^t. He has, however, attempted .!• 
Intimidate them into submission, by ao^ 
nouncing bis deteraiinatioa not to suffiar 
any resistance to his BMasmres on the post 
of the States of Hungary. Francis would 
hardly have used aucji language, if be .did 
not prestime upon tbo aid oif a Ffeuoh 
force fn case of a revolt. 

A note transmitted by the Easperoir of 
Austria to the Stadtholder of Lower Aua« 
, tria, directs that free passage be given to 
such troops of the French l^peror aa am 
now passing through the Austria^ tosrifory« 
and that proper supplies be grairtod them 
on their journey^ Tbe marohing of thesa 
troops in such a direction can aearoeljr 
have any other (Object than tka commeaoe- 
ment of hostilities against Russia. 

Several towns ia tbe cireles of Eibofeka 
and Saatz, experienced, on the 12ib Uee. 
a severe^ shock of an earthquake, wMk 
lasted a minute,, aad was accompanied bf 
a noise resembling thunder. 

DENMARK and SWEQiEN. 

We have advices from Stockholm totlio 
13th, and from GoltenburgI) to the 17lik 
inst. inelusire. They bring ao confirma- 
tion of tbe rumoured treaty of peace be- 
tween Russia and Turkey ; but state, that 
a battle had been fought between tbe 
Turkish detathment of 20,000 mea o4 
the island of Slobodse apd the Russiaas^ 
which had terminated in favour of tbe 
latter. Tbe date of this action is not 
assigned; bat, Upoai the fauit of the Turka 
having surrendered at discretion, we in- 
cline to think this is tbe engagement al- 
luded to itt a preceding mail, aad which 
was supposed to have led to the reported 
paeificatton. 

On the 7th iaatant, the King of Sweden 
resataed tbe rsitiS of gs^emmentyon whiqh 
occasion the Prinee Royal addressed a 
long sp^eeb to his Majesty, oonf^ulaliog 

bin 



IS 



Abstract of Foreign Occurrences^ 



[Jan. 



him on bis recovery, and pointing ottt the 
siHNiCion, domestic and foreign, of the 
kingdooB.^ His Royal Highness stated, 
tiNLt his Majesty, hy^ adopting the Conti- 
Bental System, and declaring war against 
Cn^land, had ruined th^ produce of the 
Custottis. That more than 2,000,000 of 
rtx doltars had been employed in recraiting 
the army, repe^iring the fortresses, and 
fleet* That Swedish commerce had been 
reduced to a mere coasting trade. That 
the Danish cruisers had given great cause 
fv€ complaint. That the cruisers under 
Ite French flag had committed great in- 
jories, wbiefa hit Majesty the Emperor of 
the French had guaranteed to redress. 
Thftt fifty American ships, driven by stress 
of weather upon the Swedish coasts, had 
bee« released. That Sweden was on the 
most amicable footing i^ith Prussia^ 
Russia, Austria, and Turkey. That 
5ivedisih intevoourse has entirely ceased 
with South America, owing to the civil 
«ar which ragev there. His Highness, 
after statk^ the exterior relations of Swe- 
den, proceeds by saying, that lie has 
ado|)t«d measures to en(;purage the manu- 
focture of linen, ffrowth of hemp, &c. &c% 
That he has carried into execution the 
•olemu declaration of the 'States, sanc- 
tioned by his Majesty, in regard to a 
nattOQftl armament, and had ordered the 
^nbodymgof 15 out of the 50,000 men 
placed at the difrposalV of his Majesty* 
That the disturbances in Scania had been 
/quelled. That the regular army and a rmy 
(A ueservc had been new clothed and 
armed, and the pensions granted to officers 
^d soldiers wounded in the late war aug- 
mentnl. " Your Majesty will perceive 
•by this statement, that notwiih^auding 
the- calumniators of Sweden may say, it 

' would reqtiirc sixty years to organize. an 
army of 60,000 men, she could accora- 
plisii it before next April. The object of 
this augmentation is purely defensive. 

' SwederK has no other wish than that of 
being able to preaeive her liberty and 
laws." 

• The last advices from Sweden state, that 
the French ambassador, Alquier, had de- 
manded an audience of leave, in con?e- 
quence of a difference with the Minister of 
Foreign A^irs. From this purpose Berna- 
dotte endeavoured, .but in vain, to dissuade 
Alquier, who left Stockholm wi^thout the 
formality of taking leave, or even of pro- 
viding a Charge d*Aifaires during his ab- 
sence. From Stockholm, where Alquier 
made cotnpbint of the influence of Eng- 
land, he has gOne to Copenhagen. 
. . RUSSIA, 

Letters from St Petersburg to the 21 st 
«I^ state, that peace between tbe Russians 

^ and Turks was signed on -the 26th of No- 
vember. In consequence of this intelli- 
ngencer^^ exchange at St. Petersbur^^ 



rose to 20J. We learn that the peace was" 
aocderated by a destructive kattle, in 
which the Turks were completely over- 
thrown, having been first surrounded by 
the Russians. The Turks are said to have 
been so completely dismayed, that they 
surrendered themselves prisoners of- war, 
to the number, according to the official 
report from the Russian General (Cutusow, 
published at St. Petersburg, of 35,000 
men* The Russians, being completely ia 
possession of the field of l^ttle^ found all 
the magazine^ and baggage, and took 56 
pieced of cannon. The news of this im- 
portant victory wa^announced at St Pe- 
tersburg on the 8th of December (O. S.J 
On this defeat of tbe Turks, they ofierod 
to accept those terms which diey had pre- 
viously spurned at: and tbe signing of pre- 
liminaries immediately followed j which, 
we learn, have been ratified at ^t. Pe- 
tersburg. 

.Advices from Sweden of a late date 
state as follows : ** Peace between Riv>sia 
and Turkey was prdt:Iaimed, with tde 
usual formalities, at St Petersburg, on 
the 26th December." 

ASIA. 

Lord Mjnto has, by a formal^ proda- 
ination, annexed the island of Java to the 
possession of the F.ast India Company. 
As the conquest was made b^ a King's 
officer, and chiefly by liis Majesty's troops, 
it has been suggested that, like Geylon, it 
should be put upon the iboting of a royal 
acquisition, and the appointment of a 
Governor left with the Prince Regent. 

The, East India Company's ships for 
Chiua will henceforward, in consequence 
of the reduction of the Island of Java, 
proceed on their voyage through the Straits 
of Sunda, instead t>f pasting through those 
of Malacca; and wlUdi will bring them 
more directly into the course of the trade 
winds and a smoother sea, and shorten 
their Voyage at least six or seven weeks. 
^ AMERICA. 

The Report to the House of Repre* 
senl;9Jt^ves of a Committee appointed to 
consloer and report upon those branches 
of the President's Message which had re- 
ference to the foreign relations of the 
Unli^ States, recommend* to Congress 
the CQidpletien of the military establish- 
ment ; .the v raising 10,000 regulars and 
50,000 volunteers ; calling out part jof the 
militia; repairing all the vessels of, war 
for service, and advising merchant-ships 
to arm in their own defence. The Ame^ 
rican finances, however, seem litde abl^ 
to sustain the e;(pences of these warlike 
j>reparations. It appears from Mr. Gal- 
latin's budget, that the national expend* 
iture exceeds the receipts by 3,600,000 
dollars $ to cover this deficit it is proposed 
to m^ke an addition of 50* per cent, to the 
present amount of duties, or to resort to 

• the 



1812.] Foreign Occurrences. — Tntelligencj^ from Irel^ni. 7f 



the funding system, and raise an annual 
loan of three millions of dollars. 

Hostilities hare commenced between the 
Americans and Indians, and much blood 
has already been shed. A report was 
current at PhiladLlphia, the latter end of 
November, thait the Ameri<;an General 
Harrison had been totally del'eated by the 
Indians. 

An article from Washington states, that, 
-on the 6th December, Mr. Porter, after 
noticing the objects and views of the Com- 
mittee in their Report, and dilating on the 
injostice of Great Britain, said, that it 
was ** tbe unanimous opinion of the Com- 
mittee, that these encroachments were 
such as to demand war, as the only alter- 
native to* obtain jnstice." A series of 
Kesolutions, proposed by Mr- Porter, 
were then carried ; Mr, Randolph in the 
minoriiy. The House of Representatives, 
ii is. said, has determined^to recognize tlie 
iudepHndence of South America. 

Experiments arc faking in the United 
State<, to express oil from the Pal ma 
Christi and tlie Great Sunflower. 

Dr. Cathrall, of New York, lately per- 
formed the operation for the stone on a boy 
of 7 years. The operation was completed 
within the space of 3 minutes from the time 
of making the first incision, to the extrac- 
tion of « stone which weighed 1 oz. 1 qr. 
an^ 17 gr. On examining a fragment of the 
stone, a portion of a iine sewing needle, 
3 lines in iengtli, was found in its centre. 

Official Census of the United States, for 
1810.— Grand Total, 7,239,903; of which 
the Slaves amount to 1,191,364. 

Ireland. 
A.n aggregate Meeiiog of the Catholics 
in Dublin has appointed a Board of 450 
persons to prepare a Petition to the Prince 
Regent, respecting the alleged violation 
committed dh the rights of the sulbject in 
tbe dispersion of the late Meeting ; with 
directions not to present it till tbe restric- 

• tiona Were taken off. 

Dublin^ Jan* 3. A communication was 
made to some Catholic Gentlemen at 
D'Arcy^s, ' that a man of the name of 
Fisfeer was very active through the city in 
attempting to aosociate the ignorant and 

• poor in a OGfifSpiracy *-* to separate the two 
' Inlands, ' anU -extirpate the heretidks.'' 

Tliey judged it expedient to commdnicate 
the circumstance td some; men of conse- 
*qu£nce*ahd charaeter, and accordingly 
consaked with Mr. Criattain and the Kiiight 
of Kerry, who commuuibated withGo- 
vemm^t on the subject. An advertise- 
ment^ a^ributed to the conspiratoVs ^ays 
noibing of separating the tWb kingdoms, 
or extirpating heresj^ ; but i& so' ambigu- 
ously ej^ressed, that it is not easy to say 
whether it is ironical, and persuasive of 

• the evils it affects to deprecate, or sincere 
wM dj^isasive from them. 



Jan, 6. The CathoUc aggrefate nwetiflg 
of the county and city o# CorJc, was hekl 
in that city. Jt was foll|r attended. bgr 
Protestanu as well as Catholici. Tbef 
nnanimoosly resolved^ that a PaUtioo 
should be preheated to boHi ilouses oC 
Parliament, at tbe time which m G#mtiut- 
tee shall think most conducive to ita stie- 
cess. It was also agreed to address tbe 
Prince Regent. 

The Catholic aggregate meeting of Li- 
merkk has alf o met and voted resolutkNM 
similar to those of their brethren in Dublin. 

Bills of indictment have been found 
against upwards of 100 Orangemen for n 
riot aiid assault in theoounty^f fenmma^A 
in July last ; but the trinU have Wn put 
off till next Sessions. 



CooNtRT Nbws. 

Dec, 25: Lieut. Dumaresqiie of the / 
Hawke sloop, lying off Calsbot Caatle 
(where she brought up to attend on the 
Duke of Clarence) came to Soutbampton, 
rowed up the river from the ship by m 
men, to. dine with Admhral .Ferguson. 
After he had taken his dinner, he emlfack- 
ed in the same boat for the purpose «C 
returning to the Hawke ; a bfeeee spring, 
ing up, they found it eligible to set the 
sail, in doing which the aa3t fell,*and» 
overpoweriog the sailors, upset the boat; 
and tbe whole party, with Shirlock, si mu- 
sician, whom Lieut.. Dumaresque hod 
taken into the boat, at tbe reqtiest of the 
men, to amuse them during the holidayt 
on board, were plunged into tbe river. 
Lieut. Dumaresque, the mostcinn. Mid 
five :iailors out of the six, were drowned. 

Dec. bO. Considerable damage was done 
by a thuader-stoi-m in Curdigmskire* 
Seven head of cattle were killed by ligfat> ' 
ning, which also consumed: &Hetm atacdct 
of corn, a rick of hay, and hillnd a fanner^ 
in bed at Maimfys, without injuring bis 
cbildreh,'who were sleeping with him. 

Dec, 31. At Poriimoutk Iheatre, this 
evening, John Harrison, a young lad, aged 
14, Uie son of a widow, a slop^eller, on 
entering the gallery, rUsbed down to the 
front, exclaiming be would either ^et a 
front seat, or g« into the pit, Tbore being 
no iron iraiiiiig, bewaf precipitated down 
a height of 30 feet, and died next morninK. 

Editdturgh, Dec^l, This night, being 
tbe I last €^ the year, andy on tkit ae- 
cojmt, devoted, by immemorial usage and 
^tfae custom of the place, to iimoceni f(te- 
t}vity, tbe btreets of EdinbuKgb 'Were.die- 
graced by a series of riots, .outrages j vt^ 
robt>eries, hitherto. We may truly sny-, 
without any example, Doiii^ almost .tie 
whole of tbe night, titer 1 1 o^dockr a 
gang of ferocioas banditti, armed wkh 
biucij^eOns and other- weiq[K>ns, inf&itdd 
some of the leading streets, and. knopked ' • 
down and fobbed, and otherwise • mo^ 

wantonly 



60 



N€ws from various Paris of the Cmmtry. [Jan. 



mmatmAf alraae^ mlmost erery person 
who bad the mikortone to fkll in their 
fray. iUlar t|iey bad fairly succeeded in 
-fuiocking doiNi Iboie of whom tbey wene 
in pnnait, tbcy iMPOceftiLed immediauly lo 
iMe tbam of tbeir money and* vatcbetf ; 
•and tbe least symiiloni, oo ibeir part, of 
•naiaty to save tbeir property, was a pro- 
vocation to Qtv omragesy whicb were 
persevered in, until their lives were endan- 
gered. Tbese outrages, it isi said, were 
obiefly committed by a band of idle ap- 
pnentice beys, regularly organized for the 
porpose, and lorkiog la stairs and closes, 
from wbenco. tbey jssued, on a signal 
given, in laige bands, and surrounded 
aiyl ovenrbdmed those who were passing 
by. By the vigilance of the magistrates, 
who were in the stseets, or otherwise ac- 
tively engaged in thechtties of their office, 
Mntil about five o'clock the next rooming, 
aeveral of tbese rioters were apprehend^ 
oo the spot, some of them with the stolen i 
articles in their possession ; and the most 
▼igdant inqunries are going on, with a 
▼icw ii» root oot this nefarious combination 
agaiast the peace of society, by bringing 
•ojostic* the perpetrators of these outrages. 
A reward of 100 guineas has been ottered 
for the discovery of the offenders. 

At Per/A, in tba last week, so intense 
was the cold» that in a few hours the ice 
was near two inches in thickness. A num- 
ber of fine frce-;»tooes from Kingoody* 
quarry were split to pieces at the dep6t, 
• 9nd tbie contractors sustained a very severe 
loss. The stones having imbibed suffici* 
Okitly of rahi water at tbeir pores, are iiu- 
mediately enoltistcd with frost ; the water 
is forced into tbe centre, and; instantly 
confined* bteaks forth with a loud expio- 
•ion. Two pints Scottish of water had 
'been taken from tlteir centre previous to 
their breaking* 

dfoa. 2. An elegant piece of plate, of the 
Talue of 300/^ wi^s presented by tbe Gen« 
tlemen. Clergy, and Yeomanry of t)ie 
hundreds of -jbo^d^n and Clavering, co. 
Norfolk, to SirKdmnnd Bacon, hart, as 
a token of their respect, and as testifying 
their sense of bis upright caoduct as a 
Magistrate, and pi his particular attention 
to the improvomcBt of the roads in that 
aeighbourbood. 

Jaa..l 8.* A smart shock of sn earthquake 
was Celt at many places in Oxfordshire, 
sad the adjoining counties. At Telstuorth, 
Jiiipt Bhtekindon, Jiatliey, WoiftercQit nod 
many other villages, the windows were 
■ much abaken, and in many houses the 
sboek was distiaolly fek. It was accom^ 
panied with a deep rumbling; noise, similar 
to a jttcharge of heavy ordnance, in 
fome places this noise was beaid for up. 
wards of ten mimitcs. 

Tbe disturbance^ ia tbe county of Ab/- 
l/n|4afli atiU coaiiirae. On tbo Ist infit* 



a latge wooden hovel, containing a quaa* 
tity of straw, the property of Mrs. Daykift ' 
of Bagthorpe, was s^ fire to at Basford^ 
tbe whole of which was consumed. Soole 
frames having lately been broken at Btu^ 
/ord^ the wife of a person wbO held seven 
of them, swore to several persons as 
being concerned in the outrage there 
committed ; on which account, such was 
the indignation excited against her amon^ 
some of the stocking-makers at Basford, 
that it was judged expedient to remove 
the family with tlieir furniture, escorted 
by the military, to Nottingham, as a place 
of refuge. — Thirty more frames were 
broken at Aoliingkam on the 4th iost. by 
the rioters ; and at Derby, Loughborough^ 
and the neighboitring places, the distur* 
bances still continued. On tbe 5th, « 
stack, containing 20 tons of hay, was aet 
fire to at Man^eld. 

A private letter from NoUingham statet, 
that more than 20 lace frames were de- 
stroyed on the 12thf Nine of them were 
broken at Cartergate, between seven ai|d 
eight in the evening, by 50 or 60 men. 
On two constables coming up, one of the 
rioters presented a loaded blunderbuss and 
ano;lier a pistol, and told^ them if they 
attempted to interfere, they should re- 
ceive th'e contents. The civil and military 
authoritiea were soon m motion y but the 
frame-breakers were no more heard of un« 
til the following oight at iVew Rat^fordp 
where they demolished three frames, which 
were making a kind of net cont|>ry to 
their orders, and then dispersed. 

Jiis Gr^pe the Pake of Norfolk has pce« 
sented the Methodists of Worksop with 20 
tons of timber towards the building of a 
Chapel. 

A Commission of n «higular kind h^s 
been sent 'out to Jersey ; to examine into 
the records, 9nd U> ritform the Comtiiution 
4/* thai ItlqjuL \% seems that. for some 
time past, the Jurats bave disagreed 
among themi elves, and much controversy 
has arisen from tbe conruptioq and ^usf s 
th^t have crept into tlie antient, free, and 
pure siysiem of tbe Senate of Jurau. la 
consequence of this, 9, Commission has 
been issued by the Pripce Regent, in t^ 
name and on the behalf of his Majesty, to 
Wm. Osgood*- «sq. late Chief Justiqe of 
Canada, Dr, Swibey, «nd H, Hobhouse, 
esq, to go over ,to the island, to inqj^ire 
into and report on the abuses, \^ order 
that the genuine Cocistitution may be re- 
stored i and these genttemen sf^i^ some 
days ago in frigate. 

A verv fine three-decked ship. <^llcd 
The Apollot of 670 ton9» monn^ing 20 guns^ 
intended for the East India Company's ser- 
vice, was launched from Mr. Steemfon's 
dock-yard at Paul^ Yorkshire. 

Tbe Duk^ P'Aremberg ui«l Gen^Bron . 
have bee^ conveyed to Osvftslni and 



1 S 1 2 i • Gouj^ry }fews,^D<nriestic Occurreneet. 



Welshpool, where they are to reside upon 
their parole. The Duke professes to con- 
sider the war in Spain at an'end, but for 
the enterprising Guerillas and the pre- 
sence of the British army ; of the latter, 
however, he says, that it is at the option 
of Buonaparte to annihilate the whole, by 
the sacrifice of 50,000 men in carrying the 
Uses of Torres Vedras ; which he acknow- 
ledges to be almost incredibly furtified. 
They admit the number of prisoners taken 
by Gen. Hill to have been greater than 
that stated by the French Government; 
and the Duke adds, that Girard's division 
was one of the finest for courage and dis- 
cipline in the French army. ITieir tur- 
prifie, they say, was unequalled at Gen. 
Hill's march, when rising from their pil- 
lows, and seeing the Highlanders in the 
streets of Arroyo Molina, rushing in with 
bayonets fixed, and carrying all before 
them, while the Spanish inhabitants cried, 
•* Vive d*Angleterre." 

The estate of Mr. W. Adam in Scotland 
'» said to be diminished in value 1200/. 
per annum J by the extraordinary transver- 
ftion of a fine river-salmon fishery, which 
formerly ran extensively through his lanrls, 
but, by a late immense flood, excavated 
a new couise f tr itself of more than a mile 
through a oeig'ibouring estate. 

IXyMESTic Occurrences. 
Thursday i December 12. 

This day Brigadier-general Dilkes at- 
teotled at Guildhall, to receive the Free- 
duin »o iioQourably voted to him by the 
I/ird Mayor, .^crmeu, and Court of 
Common Council. Afier which cere- 
mooy, he vas conducted by the Lord 
Mayor to the Mansion-house, where a 
Sword of 100 guineas value was thus 
handsomely presented to him by Mrv 
Chamberlain Clark : 

"General Dilkes,— It is with infinite 
pleasure that I am to convey to you the 
thanks of the Right Hpn. the Lord Mayor, 
Aldermen^ and Commons of the City of 
London, in Common Council assembled, 
for the share which you had in obtaining 
a most glorious victory, on the heights -of 
Barrosa,' over a very superior force of the 
Bnemy. I am likewise to expreics the 
hi^h sense which the Court entertains of 
your valour and conduct on that occasion, 
vbea the national diameter of the British 
Anoy waa most nobly maintained, and 
■ade manifest to Europe and the world at 
lirge«— Sir, in considering the ci/cum- 
i^ances of that memorable action, and the 
&tigue and privations of the troops previ- 
OQS to the engagement^ we are astonished 
at the result. The gaUa&t General who 
commanded on that auspicious day ob« 
•wves, "that where a// have so distin- 
guished themselves, it it scarcely possible 
Gtjft. Mmk Jmmary^ 1812, 



11 



to discrimmate any as the most Meserring 
of praise." Yet immediately, in a strain 
of rapture, he observes how gloriously 
the Brigade of Guards under Brigadier- 
general Dilkes maintained the ' hieh eha- 
racter of His Miyesty's Household Trodps. 
The page of History will record to a late 
posterity the circumstances of this me- 
morable victory ; and while the mind of 
the reader b engaged in contemplatmg 
the ensanguined fields 6f Barrosa, it wBf 
be impossible not to dwell with admiration 
oil the heroism tbere^ displayed by General ' 
Dilkes. — Sir, you have this day beeti en- 
rolled a citizen of the Metropolis of the 
British Empire \ and, as a fkriher mark 
of the gratitude of the Court, I have the 
' honour to present to you this Sword." 
The General mkde the following reply : 
*< Mr. Chamberlain,-— I am hirhly sen* 
sible of the honours this day conferred on 
me, and consider myself extremely fortu- , 
nate in having been placed in a situation 
to be deemed worthy of such flattering ' 
notice by the first City in the world ; but, ' 
much as I regard these favours' person- ' 
ally, infinitely more do I esteem them as 
tributes due to the gallant Chief who led 
us, and to the distinguished Corps whose 
uniform T now wear— a Corps whose va- 
lour frill always reflect honour on its Com- 
mander, and to whose achievements iit ' 
the Battle of Barrosa I mnst entirely ' 
ascribe these flattering marks of approba- ' 
tion and applause.— I beg you, Sir, to 
accept my best thanks, for the very hand- 
some tetms in which you have done ma 
the honour to express yourself on this oc* 
casion. Be assured. Sir, I gratefully re- 
ceive this Sword, and shall ever consider 
it an honourable and lasting testimony of 
the good opinion of so respectable a body 
of my countrymen." 
' The company were afterwards splen- 
didly entertained by the Lord Mayor, 
and expressed themselves much gratified 
by the respect and bofcpitaUty shewn t<^ 
them. 

Wedntsday, Jan, 1. 
This morning Thomas Dellow, a littlg ^ 
boy aged three years, who had been stolen 
from St MartinVlane, Upper Thames- 
street, on the 18ih of November last^ was 
brought to London by his fother from Gos-., 
port. Infarn^ation having been received 
on Monday morning, fram that ptace, that 
be was disct>vet>ed on the Saturday, Mr. 
Dellow, and an uncle of the little child. 
set off that evening to fetch him home. A 
woman who had stolen him to gratify her 
husband^ a seafaring wan, who 'was led to 
believe he had a spn t>f that age, ihM 
brought to town for examination. ' 

Thundayt Jan. 3. 
The banking-house of Lnsbingtont Bdl* 
dero^ and Co. stopped payment ; aiu) has 
• thifrtbf ' 



e^ 



DOMES'riC OCCURRENCBS. [Jan 



thcwl^ tovolTed many provincial banlu* the whiter ereniags. For the greater pait 

as well as indiTidaals, in einbarratsaientf, of the day it was imiiossible to read or 

if ooiriiiQ.— The Leeds ComiDercial Bank write at a window without artificial light. 

(FentoD, Scott, Nicholson, and ^ith) Persons in the streets could scarcely be 



seen in the forenoon at two yards distance. 
In the Corn-market, and some other open 
places of public resort, no business what- 
evjer could be done. There had been a 
great fall of snow in the mombg early. 



established at Wakefield, (ailed ni conse' 
quence on the 8ih inst« The fir^i had 
175,000/. in the hands of Boldero and Co. 
besides 20,000/. which wert paid in on the 
morning of the failure. 

At a meeting of the Royal Society, the and on the preceding evening. 
Lord Bisbop of ixHidon and Lord Holland Sundtuf^ Jan. 12. 

were elected Fellows ; after which part of An attempt to rob and murder was 
a curious Paper, by Dr. Her%chell, was made at Mr. Pryor's, in Soatbwark. 
read, Pr. H. on observing. the Comet in The following de}>osit ion of the female ser- 
October last, noticed a highly luminous vant was taken by a magistrate at Union 
appearance nea^r the centre of its head, Hall, and two men, named Hatton and 



rhich astronomers would call its nucleus. 
This luminous disk, howerer* he found to 
deviate considerably Irom the centre, and 
to be at one time brighter than another. 
This led him to be more particular in his 
observatious, with longer telescopes and 
higher magnifying powers ; these he 
varied from 7 to 10 and 20 feet, with 
magnifiers. Dp to 600; when he distinctly 
discovered it to be a planetary body, 



Hall, are in custody on suspicion. — ** 1 
am servant to Mr. Pryor. About half past 
nine o^clock on Sunday evening I had oc- 
casion to go down to the cellar. On 
coming up the stairs, I saw a man ccmiing 
from the back of the shop ; I thought it 
was Mr. Pryor, and said. Are you going 
out so late ? on his looking round, how- 
ever, I perceived he had a black crape 
over his face ; I was alarmed, and called 



which appeared so bright in the centre of out to Mr. Seigbt, who is a lodger up. 



the Comet, and that it was evidently sur- 
rounded by a comctic atmosphere. On 
the 16th of October, when the Comet was 
114 millions of piiles distant from the 
earth, by a series of observations and 
calculations, he ascertained the diameter 
of this planet to be 428 miles, with an at- 



stairs ; the man turned to roe, and said 
he would murder me if I did not hold niy 
tongue. ( got nearthe^loor, and attempted 
to shut it, upon which he came up to m*p, 
and said he would cut my throat. I put 
up my band to defend my throat, and re- 
ceived a deep cut on the arm from snmc 



mospherb subjected to the vicissitudes of sharp instrument. He pnt something 

Cornet* against my mouth to gag me, and cut me 

Tuesday, Jan, 7. in the throat several times ; at this time 

The Princess Charlotte of Wales com- the door opened, and a short elderly man 

p)eted her 16th year, which was observed came in,.and said, 'Come out.' I was im- 

at Carlton House by a grand dinner given mediately knocked down, and was inscn- 

by her Royal Fatbir, the Prince Regent, sible to what followed afterwards."-— Ri- 

Her Majesty, with the Princesses Au- chard Pryor, the master, said, ho had sat 

gusta and Mary, attended by Lady Ayles- ^wn to supper with the bu^band of Wil- 

bury, arrived at the Queen*s Lodge, from kins and Wilkins, who is his housekeeper; 

Windsor, at twelve o'clock; and were whenshe, having occasionto go downstairs 



afterwards conveyed to Ciir|ton House in 
the Prince Regent's earrii<ge. 

In the Court of King's Bench, an action 
Mime on at the suitof the University of Cam- 
bridge n. Bryer, for not having delivered a 
copy of a new work printed by him, for 
the use of the University, pursuant to tbe 
statute.of Anne.-- There was no dispute 



they soon after heard a cry of Thieves ! 
Murder 1 and immediately went down, 
when they found the shop in darkness. 
He sent Wilkins up for a light; and op 
bis coming, down, Saraii Wiikius was 
found lying on the 6oor insensible. 
The doot was open, and a quantity 
of boots and shocs^were strewed about the 



as to the fstcts, and the plaintiffs took a floor, but be bad mt discovered that any 
verdict for 6/. 6<. the price of the work, thing was taken away, 
subject to a case far the future considera- tVednesday, Jan.. 15. 
tion of the Court, whether Ihe payment of Early this morning a fir€ broke out at 
the copies of every work to ttie English tbe house of General Dowdeawell, Strat- 
aod Irish Universities could be enforced* ton-street, Piccadilly, which. entirely con- 
since, in the cases of Encyclopaedias, and sumpd the same, with a great part of tbe 
books of that magnitude, the opencs furniture, and » collection of valuable an- 
wpnld be enormous. tiques, picturas, books, coins, fcc. Tbe 
Friday f Jan* 10. fire was occasioned by the carelessness of 
One of the darkest days remembered th« servant 



in the Metropolis for many years. Shcips 
and public offices were lighted up duiivg 



SMiwdept Jan. 18. 
This day the trial of Mr. Walsh came 



the whole day, in the same manner as io on at Justice Hallt iji tte Old B^iHit i and 

great 



1812.] DOMES^TIC OCCURRENCES. 



U 



great,cario6ity 'prevailed, to witness so iin- 
usaal a circumstance as a Member of the 
Commons House of Parliament appearing 
at the Bar of the Old Bailey, on a charge 
of a capital felony. There were two counts 
in the indictment, which «ras grounded on 
the 42d Geo. II. chap. 25. In the first the 
prisoner was charged with feloniously 
steah'ng the property of Sir Thomas Plo- 
mer, his Majesty's Solicitor General, on 
tlie 5th December last, to the amount of 
11.000/. being psrt of the contents of a 
draft for 28,000/. which the prosecutor bad 
given to the prisoner, as his broker, to 
purchase certain Exchequer Bills pending 
the delay attendant on the procuring a 
title to'an esute intended to be purchased 
by Sir T. Plomer, to the value of about 
2*2,000/. In tl^e second count, the pri- 
soner was charged with feloniously divert- 
ing the possession of this property from 
Sir Thomas, the rightful owner, and con- 
verting it, to the extent laid in the indict- 
ment, to his (the prisoner^) own use. The 
evidence being vjlosed, Mr. Walsh was 
called upon for his defence, but declined 
making any observations. — Mr. Scarlett 
then rose, and took several objections 
with respect to whether the offence could 
be construed as a Felony, or as a Fraud 
only; and stated 'several cases, teuding 
to shew, that although the prisoner might 
have been governed by a fraudulent inten- 
tion, he could not, under the circum- 
stances tbat had been grven in evidence, 
he deemed to have acted with a felonious 
intention. — ^The decision of the Jury must 
necessarily be wholly governed by their 
opinion d the intention of the prisoner at 
the time he received the cheque fiom the 
hands of Sir Thomas Plomer ; for, unlsss 
he had at tbat time, actually meditated 
what ^ he subsequently executed, it conld 
not, as Mr. Scarlett humbly conceived, be 
construed into a felonious intention. 
When Sir Thomas Plomer delivered the 
cheque to the prisoner, was it in the expec- 
tation of Sir Thomas, that he should receive 
from Walsh the Bank-notes for such 
cheque, or that such clieque was delivered 
in the performance of a contract fur the 
borchase of Exchequer Bills ? — Mjt. Scar- 
lett having concluded, Mr. Alley shortly 
addressed the Bench, and contended for a 
special verdict from the Jury, on the 
f^cts, whether the offence was, in therr 
bpinion, a'fraud or a felony, reserving the 
point of law for decision ib another place. 
—The Lord Chief Baron then addressed 
the Jury, and after recapitulating the facts 
tiven in evidence, observed, tliat it re* 
tnained with the Jury to decide, whether 
the |»risoner was guilty of the felony. It 
might be Felony, or it might be Fraud, If 
(he appropriation of the Bank-notes to his 
6wn u*e was in the mind of the prisoner', 
before the che<|iie was ^)ceive<t it was 



manifestly felony. His LordshFp remarked 
particulariy oo' that passage in the letter 
in which he stated an intention of robbing 
Mr. O. After noticing the pnrchase of l!he 
American Stock, .the Foreign Coin, and 
the other circumstances in the eridencei 
he left the case with the Jury.— After con- 
sulting a few minutes, the Jury prononnced 
a verdict of Gtt///y.— The point of law, as 
^to whether the offence be Felony, or onjy a 
Frond, win be solemnly argued next term 
before thf> Judges-^on whose decision rests 
the fate of Mr. Walsh. 

Tkundtty, Jan, 93. 

In the Sheriff's Court, a special jnry 
was impannelled to assess the damages 
sustained by Captain Remiie, of the Triti- 
culo sloop, from the editors of the British 
press and Globe newspapers, in conse* 
quence of a libel inserted in^liese papers. 
Slating that <* a court-martial was holding 
at Sheerness on Captain Rcnnie, fe»r 
charges of drunkenness and cowardice; 
and that Captain Itennie had pleaded in- 
sanity." — ^The defendants had refused to 
give up the autlior of the libel.— The Jury 
returned ^ verdict — damages 500/. 

The Late MtJRDEas.— An important 
discovery has been made, which eoni- 
pletely removes every shadow of a doubt 
respecting the guiH of the late suicide, 
Williams. It wa< proved before the Ma- 
gistrates of Shad well Police Office, that 
three weeks before the murder of M*; 
'Williamsou and bis family, Williams had 
been ^eeu to have a long French knife with 
an ivory haudle.^-That knife could never 
be found, in Williams's trunk, nor amongst 
any of the clothes he left behind him at 
the Pear-tree public house. Tire sitbse- 
quent search to find that deadly instru- 
ment has been successful. On the Hth^ 
Harrison, one of the lodgers at the Pear- 
tree, in searching amongst some old 
clothes, found a blue jacket, which he 
imrtiediately recognized as part of Wil- 
liams's apparel. He proceeded to ex- 
amine it closely, and upon looking at the 
inside pocket, found it quite stiff with co- 
agulated blood, as if a blood-stained hand 
had been thrust into it. He brought it 
down to Mrs. Verroilloe, who immediately 
sent for Hope, and another of the Shad- 
well Police officers, to make further 
search in the house. Every apartWent 
then underwent the most rigid examina- 
tion, and after a search of abournn hout 
and a half, the officers came at last to a 
small closet^ the one in which they disco- . 
vered the object of their pursuit In on^ 
corner of it there was a heap of dirty 
stockings and other clothes; which being 
removed, they observed a bit of wood 
protruding from a mouse- hdW in the wall, 
which I hey immediately drew ous and at 
the same instdnt they discovered the 
handle of a clasp-knife^ apparently dyed 

with 



$4 DOMESTIC OCJCURREIifCES. [Jan. 



/ with blood, which, upon being brought 
forth, proved to be the .identical French 
knife seen in Wilii^qas's possession before 
the murders. The handle and blade of it 
were smeared al) over wjth blood. Tills 
important fact completes the chain of 
strong circumstantial evidence already 
mdduced against the suicide.^-There U at 
length some probability that the accom« 
plices of Williams in the late murders at 
Ratclifle-highway, will be discovered and 
bi^uught tu justice* Allblass and Hart, 
who usually associated with him, have 
undergone several examinations before 
Mr. Qraham* Neither the facts against 
tbem, nor the examinations have tran- 
. ppired, the ends of justice being more 
likely to be accomplisheil by observing 
. .^lence, until there is sufAcieiit proof of 
Ibeir guilt to commit them for trial. 

The late Mr. Williamson and his wife 
have, it is said, left property to the 
lunount of aboiit 600/. Among their pa- 
pers has been found a will niade by Mrs. 
Williamson, op the presumption that her 
husband might die first j and the lawyers 
are not a little embarrassed to ascertain 
Fhipb was murdered first, as if she be- 
came a widow before she died, it would 
infloeoce the descent of the property. Mr. 
Marr has left property to pay I9s, in the 
pound. 

The Gazette of January 14 contains a 
proclamation for the observance of a Ge- 
neral Fast on Wednesday the 5th of Fe- 
bruary in England aud Ireland; and in 
Scotland on Thursday the 6th of February 
next. 

Tbb Countess op BnRKELEY.-r.-An Ad- 
dress to the Peers of the United Kingdom 
has just been published by Mary Count- 
ess of Berkeley, in which she eqdeavours 
to rescue her character froo^ the odium 
which had been cast on it in the course of 
the late proceedings on the subject of the 
Berkeley Peerage. In doing this, how- 
ever, she disclaims any intention of ques- 
tioning the judicial rectitude of the deci- 
sion of the House of Lords, regarding it as 
iheresQlt of the spund application of those 
rules by which their lordships are judi- 
cially bound to proceed.— rln the course 
of ttiis address (which also contains a 
Tariety of interesting correspondence) 
J-ady Berkeley reviews the evidence given 
beforf the Lords, points out vs^rious iqcon- 
sisteqcies in it, ^nd Anally persists in the 
declaration that she was legally married 
to Lord Berkeley in 1785.--Her address 
.condiides with expressing <confidence in 
%\kA% Providence which has hitherto sup- 
ported her, and which she feels assured 
will not now desert her? " but," sb^ 
Anally adds,. *f should life giro way to the 
pressure of accumulated sorro\is, the sym- 
pathy of the Peerage will, I tro^t, be t|\Q 
{ff{)^riia(^^ pf a>y phiWrefl,*' 



The hew Comet was, seen on- Sunday 
and Monday evenings at the G^las^^ow 
Observatory. Its position has varied con- 
siderably iu decimation from that givea 
by the French astronomers for Dec. 5. It 
is now very near the Equator. Its ap* 
pearance, when viewed iu the ten feet 
Herscheiiaii, with a poier of 950, is ex- 
tremely beautiful. The nebulous come- 
tary mass is condensed, aiui appears bright, 
notwithstanding the ricin-ty of the mo<jQ. 
Thereisatpieaenta fine d<'uble-sur a little 
to the South-west of it. The rapidity of 
its^motion is evident, even in the iiiteivgl 
of one day. Its sinwitioo has been caic* 
fully determined on both evenings, by a 
series of azimuths antl a!iitiKli>s with the 
great astronomical ciicle constructed by 
. Mr. Troughton. It is still in the extend- 
ed c*onstellaiion Endnnus. 

By the late imfixjved regulations of 
admission into the Hritit^h Muieuin, 29,000 >j 
persous have been adnjiiteU in a seasoq, 
instead of 15.000 as before j; and with 
liberty to remain iu any of the rooms as 
Ion? as they pl« ascd. 

The East India Co:npany, on a repre- 
sentation from the manufacturers of canv- 
blet m Norufichf have raised their < rd«f 
from 16,000 to '22,000 pieces this reason. 

The intended Military Park at Welling'a 
Farm, Marylebone, is nearly laid o^i^. 
Two grand barracks are to be erected, 
one on e.ich wing, spacious enough fof 
the reception of. 3()Q0 men -, the whole i$ 
to be closed with a belt of forest trees, a 
considerable part of which is already 
planted, and on^he outside of which will 
be a ciicular driye, opep to tl^e public|£, to 
gn extent of four milis. 

Geo. Sarra^in presept'd a memorial to 
the Prince Regent in NdvoniUer la.«t, iu 
which, aftrr giving the Instury oFliij com-r 
piunicatioas w\tli the Engl ih Goxernuienr, 
from the year 1808, and the hazards he 
thereby incui red till his afnt'al in Jmte 
J810, relates his interview with the members 
of Administiaiion, the plans he presented tq 
them, theiv promises, and his disappoint- 
ments ; aud concludes with these de- 
man Is : — 1. Letters of naturalisation.— J 
2. That his.wife and son be considered as 
)>risoners of war ip France. — 3. That his 
rank of Lieutenant-general be acknow- 
ledged from the Sih of October, 1798, on 
which di*y he was exchanged in that quBt 
Ijty for Gen. Sir H. Bunard, agreeably to 
t})« Cartel which is deposited fit the Foreigi^ 
Office, and coiisequently recognized as 
holding that rank by the English Govemr 
inent. — 4. A pension of ^000/. sterlmg ^ 
year for life. — -3. An indemnity of 10,000/, 
sterling for bis losses at Boulogne, to en? 
nble him to take a house suitable to hi^ 
rank iu London, as he had in France.*^ 
«. A capiul of 50,C90/, sterling, ^r hi^ 
l^otes jM fl^ns, 

4^ 



y 
> 



1 912.] Chttge to ihfs GraMJmy ^'Mid^Beses. 



%tt 



An Addrest to the G^nd Jur^ at iht Jp*"- 
ing €^ the General Session qf the Peace 
and Sesaon. of 0§er and Terminer , far 
the County of Middleseg, on Mondajf, 
Dec, 2, 1811, by W. Maihwarimc> esq. 
Chairman, Printed at thf request of the 
Magistrates. 

Gentlemen of the Grand Jury, Before 
you retire from the Court, and are engaged 
in the various matters which will necessa- 
rily be brought before you in the' course 
of this Sessions, as the Grand Jury for the 
County of Middlesex, I desire to offer a 
few observations for your consideration, 
which at this season particularly deserve 
your atteulion. 

I shall not trouble you with, a detail of 
ypur general duty here as a Grand Jury. 
I trust your OAvn good sense, the general 
knowledge you have of the affairs of ihe 
County, and the frequent calls upon you 
to attend this and other courts of justice 
in this County, render it Jiooecessary to 
go over these matters. 

Oue head of observation I wish to call 
your attention to, is the state of the 
highways. 1 mean- more particularly 
the streets, squares, lanes, and otht^r 
thoroughfares, in the Metropolis; that 
they are in many places in such a state of 
decay aud want of repair, as to be not 
only highly inconvenient, l>nt absolutely 
unsafe and dangerous, and that too in 
inany of the most popuio\|s parts. 

Gentlemen, there is no difficulty in the 
law jupon this subject. .The general law 
$S, that the inhabitants of every parish 
are bound to keep the highways leading 
through their several parishes in good re- 
pair ; not to suffer them to become dan<* 
gerous or inconvenient to the King's sub- 
jects to pass and re-pass, on foot or on 
horseback, o^nd with &ueh carriages as 
they are authorised by law to make use 
of: that very many are not in this state, 
your own obstirvation mast tell jwu. I 
presume I need not inform you, Geotle- 
{nep, that every street, square, lane, and 
passage, which the Ring's subjects have 
H right to pass and re-pas^over, are high- 
ways, aud are indictable if not kept in 
repair. There are, besides, certain pa- 
rishes and places which have local Acts of* 
I'arliament for their govemQient and bet- 
ter management, which, in some particu- 
lars, take them out of the general (aw, and 
authorise those whp are to carry them 
into execution to levy taxes for paving 
pM^ other, purpostes; but those Acts of 
Parliament will not indemnify any such 
parish against the general laWi if the 
bigbwaya are su^red to fall imo-a St^Ap 
«f decay, i^nless sooae particular body oC 
pen or individnal are spe(;ially bound to 
repair then^, A highway, continued in i^ 
ftate of decay for a leiigth of time, is a 
pulfUe imiBaacei what«v«r priviUe Jqri&*^ 



4\€^<m it mxf be «n4tr$ &e right <lf th« 
King's subjects to have a safe and convex 
j^ient passage it not tutpended by such 
, Acts of ParhaneBt 

There are cases, too, where the Leg is- 
latore sanctlonj a temporary violation of 
the law for particular porposes, wbidi 
are jconoeived to be for the benefit of the 
publick ', such as taking pavements tip im 
the public streets, for various purposes; 
erecting temporary obstructions,^ such at 
hoards and other A^oes, for the safety of 
people parsing and rc-pastiog. and va* 
rious other occasions ; but still it must 
always be remembered, that such autho- 
rised inroads upon the public rights, ar 
upon private proptMty, must be made at 
little incouvenient as possible ; that the 
work must be done with due diligence and 
expedition; that, when done, the public 
street or place must be left in a state gf 
complete subntannal repair. 

I am not aware that any indictments 
are to be laid befure you on this subject | 
if there should be such, t will only ob- 
serve, they are objects of great impofl- 
ance, and are entitled to your very soriouc 
consideration. 

Gentlemen, these matters may also bo 
brought before the Court by the preseiA^ 
mentof a Grand Jury. ; 

A presentment. Gentlemen, is a state«- 
ment to the Court, by n Grand Jury, of 
facts injiu'ious to the publick, from their 
own knowledge and observation, without 
any bill of indictment laid before them; 
This is one of the fuiictions of a Gratid 
Jury, which they have a right to exercise; 
and this presentment, if it is acted upon, 
must be shaped into an indirtment, and 
evidence must be given of the facts at iho 
trial, and' the necessary formalities in an 
iudiclment must be observed. 

Gentlemen, /mother matter to which t 
shall call your attention is, the state ml 
which the Metropolis now is, in respect to 
street-robberies and house-breaking. To 
what cause this increased attack upon tho 
comfort and security of the pubjick is to 
be attributed, 1 shall not conjecture ; but 
certainly so the fact is, to a very alarming 
degree. We mtist hope, that it is not 
from a wilful neglect or relaxation of net 
cessary vigilance; yet, surely, if the 
existing laws v^ere properly enforcedi soma 
Stop might be put to the daring robberiea 
daily and nightly committed.' An Act 
was passed in the S'2d year of his present 
Majesty, authorising the apprehending 
ill-disposed and suspect^ persons, and 
reputed thieves, in their perambulations 
about the streets and places of public re^ 
sort, iQjiuest of their prey, before they 
had the opportunity of carrying their fe^ 
lonioqs desigqs into execution ; that was 
a temporary Act at' first, but the same 
Uw hM been r«*eii«cted» and is 9iqw in 

fiOl 



U DOMESTIC OCCURREIifCES. [Jan. 



/ with blood, which, upon being brought 
forth, proved to be the identical French 
knife seen in Wilii^qas's possession before 
the murders. The handle and blade of it 
were smeared all over wjth blood. This 
important fact completes the chain of 
strong circumstantial evidence already 
Adduced against the suicide.— There U at 
length some probability that the accom- 
plices of Williams in the late murders at 
RatclifTe-highway, willbe discovered and 
bi'uught tu justice. Allblass and Hart, 
who usually associated with him, have 
undergone several examinations before 
Mr. Qraham* Neither the facU against 
them, nor the examinations have tran- 
. ppired, the ends of justice being more 
Jikely to be accomplishe«l by observing 
..^lence, until there is sufficient proof of 
Ibeir guilt to commit them for trial. 

The late Mr. Williamson and his wife 
have, it is said, left property to the 
amount of about 600/. Among their pa- 
pers has been found a will made by Mrs. 
Williamson, op the presumption that her 
husband might die ftrstj and the lawyers 
are uot a little embarrassed to ascertain 
Fhipb was murdered first, as if she be- 
came a widow before she died, it woul4 
jnfloeiiee the descent of the property. Mr. 
Marr has left property to pay 19;. in the 
pound. 

The Gazette of January 14 contains a 
proclamation for the observance of a Ge- 
neral Fast on Wednesday the 5th of Fe- 
bruary in England and Ireland ; and in 
Scotland on Thursday the 6th of February 
next. 

Tbb Countess op BERXELEY.-^An Ad- 
dress to the Peers of the United Kingdom 
}ias just been published by Mary Count- 
ess of Berkeley, in which she eqdeavours 
to rescue her character froD| the odium 
which had been cast on it in the course of 
the late proceedings on the subject of the 
Berkeley Peerage. In doing this, how- 
ever, she disclaims any intention of ques- 
tioning the judicial rectitude of the depi- 
sion of the House of Lords, regarding it as 
the result of the spund application of those 
rules bV which their lordships are judi- 
cially bound to proceed.— rln the course 
of ttiis address (which also contains a 
Tariety of interesting correspondence) 
l^ady Berkeley reviews the evidence given 
before the Lords, points out vi^rious incon- 
sistencies in It, and Anally persists in the 
declaration that she was legally married 
to Lord Berkeley in 1785.--Her address 
.condiides with expressing <confidence in 
(ha( Providence which has hitherto sup- 
ported her, and which she feels assured 
will not now de«ert 'her? " bqt," sb^ 
Anally adds^ *f should life give way to the 
pressure of accumulated sorrows, the sym- 
pathy of the Peerage will, I trOSt, be t|\Q 
^))erita(^^ of m^ phUdreQ," 



The hew Comet was, seen on* Sunday 
and Monday evenings at the OHasg^oir 
Observatory. Its position has varied con- 
siderably iu declination from that givea 
by the French astronoruers for Dec. 5. It 
is now very near the Equator. Its ap«r 
pearance, when viewed in the ten feet 
Herschelian, with a povfer of 950, is ex- 
tremely beautiful. The nebulous come- 
tary mass is condensed, and appears bright, 
notwithstanding the riciu'ty of the moon. 
Thereisatp:eaenta flue dcuble-sur a little 
to the Souili-\vest o( it. The rapidity of 
its^motion is evident, even in ihcinteival 
of one day, lis siUKitiori has been caic* 
fully determined on both eveniiii^s, by a 
series of azimtuhs aiitl aliitudi's with the 
great astronomical ciicle constructed by 
. Mr. Trouglitoii. It is still in the extend- 
ed constellation Eridnnus. , 

By the late iinfirovcd regulations of 
admission into the Hritifjh Muieum, 29,000 V 
persous have been adniiited in a seasoq, 
instead of 15.000 as before j; and with 
liberty to remain in any of the rooms as 
Ion<r as they pl< a:)cd. 

The East India Co:npany, on a repre- 
sentation from the manufacturers of can^. 
blet m Noruficht have raised their < rd^r 
from 16,000 to 22,0(»0 pieces this reason. 

The intended Military Park at Welling'a 
Farm, Marylebone, is nearly laid ovi^. 
Two grand barracks are to be erected, 
one on e.ich wing, spacious enough f<jf 
the reception of.3()Q0 meui *•>« whole i^ 
to be closed witll a belt of forest trees, a 
considerable part of which is already 
planted, and on^he outside of which wil| 
be a ciicular driye, opep to the pqblick, to 
an extent of four mill s. 

Oeu. S»rra?5in piesrnt<d a meiunrial tq 
the Prince Regent in November la.-'t, in 
which, aftrr giving the lustury of hij com-r 
piunicatioas wxtli iheEngU h Goxcrumenr, 
from the year 1808, and the hazards he 
thereby incuiied till his arrn'al in Jmte 
J810, relates his interview with the members 
of Admmisttaiion, the plans he presented tq 
the^n, theiv promises, and his disappoint- 
ments ; aud concludes with these de- 
man is : — I. Lpiters of naturalisation.— J 
S. That his. wife and son be considered as 
)>risouers of war ip France. — 3. That his 
rank of Lieutenant-general be acknow- 
ledged from the Sih of October, 1198, on 
which day he was exchanged in that qubt 
lity for Gen. Sir H. Burrard, agreeably to 
t})e Cartel wlpch is deposited fit the Foreign 
Office, and coi^sequently recognized as 
holding that rank by the English Govemr 
|nent.-^4. A pension of 3000/. sterling ^ 
year for life.---5. An indemnity of 10,000/, 
sterling for his U>sses at Boulogne, to en« 
able him to take a house suitable to hi^ 
rank iu London, as he had in France.**^ 
<. A capiUl of 50,CQ0/^ s^rlio|;» Jhr hi^ 
i^o^es f^d fMSf • 



J 
I 



1912.1 Chtttge io the Grari 

An Addreu to tfys Giand Jur^ ol iht ^f^n* 
ing qf the General Session qf the Peuce 
and Session of Oger mnd Terminer t for 
the County of Middieseg, on Mondtqf, 
Dec, 2, 1811, ^i/ W. Maihwarimc, em- 
Chairman. Pt'aUed at thf request of the 
Magistrates. 

GeDtleinen of the Grand Jury, Before 
you retire from the Court, and are engaged 
iu the various matters which will necessa- 
rily be brought before you in the' course 
of this Sessions, as the Grand Jury for the 
County of Middlesex, I desire to offer a 
few Qbservatlons for your consideration, 
which at this season particularly deserve 
your atteution« 

I shall not trouble you with, a detail of 
ypur general duty here as a Grand Jury. 
I trust your o%vn good sense, the general 
knowledge you have of the affairs of ihe 
County, and the frequent calls upon you 
to attend this and other courts of justice 
in this Coiuty. render it Jinoecessary to 
^ go over these matters. 

Oue head of observation I wish to call 
your attention to> is the state of the 
highways. 1 mean> more particularly 
the streets, squares, lanes, and other 
thoroughfares, in the Metropolis; that 
they are in many places in such a state of 
decay aud want of repair, as to be not 
only higiily inconvenieut, but absolutely 
unsafe and dangerous, and that too in 
many of the most populo^8 parts. 
V Gentlemen, there is no difficulty in the 

law jupon this subject. .The general law 
{s, that the inhabitants of every parish 
are bound to keep the highways leading 
through their several parishes in good re- 
pair ; not to suffer them to become dan- 
gerous or inconvenient to the King^s sub- 
jects to pass and re^pass, on foot or on 
horseback, and with ^ueh carriages as 
they are authorised by law to make use 
, of: that very many are not in this state, 

your own obstirvation mnst tell you. I 
presume I need not inform you, Gentle^ 
• inen, that every street, sqaare, lane, and 
passage, which the Ring's subjects have 
9 right to pass and re-pass over, are high' 
ways, and are indictable if not kept in 
repair. There nre, besides, certain pa- 
rishes and places which have local Acts of' 
parliament for their goyemQient and bet- 
ter management, which, in some particu- 
lars, take them out of the general law, and 
authorise those whp are to carry them 
into execution to levy taxes for paving 
9i)d other, purposes ; but tbose Acts of 
Parliament will not indemnify any sucb 
parish against the general law* if the 
highway i are suilered to fall into -a <tat^ 
ef decay, tiniest some particular body of 
inen or individnal are spetfially bound to 
repair then), A highway, continued in i^ 
ftate of decay for a leiigtU of time, is a 
put)Uc muiacicei wbaMiV^ private jtirh^ 



efMichfli 



^» 



4ictiQii it tomf be «n4er$ flie right <lf ih% 
King's subjecu to have a safe and cenva^ 
j^ient passage is not tutpended by such 
Acts of ParlianeBt 

Tbere are cases, too, where the Leg is- 
tatore sanctjooi a temporary violation af 
the law for particular purposes, whidt 
are conceived to be for the benefit of the 
publick; such as taking pavements tip m 
the public streets, for various purposes; 
erecting temporary obstructions,! such at 
boards and other fences, for the safety of 
people parsing and re-pasting, and va* 
rious other occasions ; but still it must 
always be remembered, that such autho- 
rised inroads upon tbe public rigbt<<, er 
upon private property, must be made at 
little incouvenient as possible ; that the 
work must be done with due diligence and 
expedition; that, when done, the publie 
street or place must be left in a state gf 
complete subntaniial repair. 

I am not aware that any indictmentt 
are to be laid before you on this subject | 
if there should be such, I. will only ob- 
serve, tbey are objects of great import*, 
anoe, and are entitled to your very scrionc 
consideration. 

Gentlemen, these matters may also be 
brought before tbe Court by tbe present- 
ment of a Grand Jury. : 

A presentment, Gentlemen, is a statfrr 
ment to the Court, by a Grand Jury, of 
facts injurious to the publick, from their 
own knowledge and observation, without 
any bill of indictment laid before them.* 
This is one of the functions of a Grand 
Jury, which they have a right to exercise; 
and this presentment, if it is acted upon, 
must be shaped into an indict ment, and 
evidence must be given of the facts at Uie 
trial, and the necessary formalities in an 
iudictment must be observed. 

Gentlemen, /mother matter to which 1 
shall call your attention is, the state ki. 
which the Metropolis now is, in respect to 
street-robberies and house-breaking. Ta 
what cause this increased attack upon tlie 
comfort and security of the pubjick is to 
be attributed, 1 shall not oeojecture ; but 
certainly so the fact is, to a very alarming 
degree. We must hope, that it is not 
from a wilful neglect or relaxation of ne-i 
cessary vigilance; yet, surely, if the 
existing laws v^ere properly enforced, %ovkn 
Stop might be put to tbe daring robberiea 
daily and nightly committed. An Act 
was passed in the 32d year of his present 
Majesty, authorising the apprehending 
ill-disposed and suspect^ persons, and 
reputed thieves, in their perambulationa 
about tbe streets and places of public re- 
sort, iQ5iuest of their prey, before they 
l^d the opportunity of carrying their fer 
lonioqs defigiis into execution ; that wat 
a temporary Act at first, bi^ the same 
law bM been r«*eiiacted» and is 9iqw ii^ 

fiOl 



M Clmgt id tTie ^rand Jury ef Mid<!R«8rt. [Jan. 



CttH fwroe*. It iwm Arst madit «t a tinie very true, we Ho know it, and In 6ur tutlSflr 

when bamis of mbbert associated in such we ^ttA it loo ; we know, too, it is a cbna- 

luiuibers as to set tbe citiI power at de- hion topifk of conversation and discussioo* 

Aaiaie i and immediately after the passing and tliat !t generally ends without coming^ 

khad a rery visible efl^ ; many di.sap- to any conclusion, except, perhaps, sdme 

ipeared, aad many were taken into cus* one gravely asks, ** Why don't Govern* 

iody i much good was done, and many ment interfere, and take it up ?" 
robberies prevented ; aad I think that, if Gentlemen, sboald we not ask ourselves. 

Ihal wbolcsoime law was now acied npon What we have done \ whether we have 

wkh vigour and pcreeverance, it wonld be taken all those measures which the law 

fomkl oae of tbe best securities providt*d authorises and points out ? Can we say we 

ia ibe whole code of our criminal law, for have tried every means the law has en- 

tbe protectioa of our persons from telo- a bled ns to take? Have we called «poa 

ttioos assaulU and depredations. Many ihose whose more immediate duty it is to 

years' exparience, and attentive observa- assist, and requested their assistance and 

^ tk>o» satisfy me, that no pains ought to interference? or do we only go on from year 

^spared to give this law its full effect, to year la th«' same unavailing mode, com- 

I am at a loss to point out a nioie effec- plaining, doing nothing, nor endeavouring ^ 

tnai m'eans of obtaining this most desir- to make any alteration or improvement ia 

able object. ' • our system. Let it be remembered that 

The severity <^f punishments Ordained evfry parish is a Irttle independent state 

for particular crimes act very feebly on jn this r^pect ; that it has power to regu- 

the minds of hardened thieves ; the chances bte and direct hxjw the nightly watch shall 

of acquittal upon trial arising from various be kept iu its own district. In almost 

ctreumstaiices, render the 84?venty of con- every parish tliere are some gentlemen 

seiiuent punishment of little avail. Pre- who take an interest and active hiterfe- 

^ "Ventiun is the great deBid«*ratum. rence in their parochial concerns. WooM 

But now, when we meet a gang of they ment, and seriously consider this ina- 

Uneves in ttie streets, as we frequently do portant subject, surely there can be little 

in midday, insultingly stanng us in the dou*t, but that the present mode of 

fece at they pa?s, and the populace watching the night, so evidently defective, 

fazing at them with fear and wonder ; — might be improved ; and wherever an ef- 

«nie is pointed out to us as the first pick- fcctual improvement is established, it may 

jiocket in tonlfi; another as a famous reasonably be expected it will be gene- 

Itoose-breaker,' tLhat has been so many rally adopted. 

times tried, and always got off; and So on Gentlemen, dt this partncuTar time, 

pothers, according to their adroitness in when surrounding Natioils are looking up 

the different lines of their profession — to this great powerful country with admi- 

A stranger to these matters would suppose ration, and fleeing to it from all quarters 

these wete licensed thieves. for safety and protection, is it not most 

Gentlemen, as to our present system of disgraceful, that the peaceful iuhabitaota 

foaiding the night by a few watchmen Of its great Metropolis cannot lie down at 

placed here and therein watch-boxeS| and night to rest^ without the apprehension 

Moving out Once or twice in an hour, and that his house may be ransacked, and hit 

•acli going the little cirenit allotted to bim> most valuable property taken from him 

nndthenreturningtohis watch-box, which before the morning! This, without any 

I believe is very generally the practice, exaggeration, is otir ^iresent state, 
woeful experience convinces us that no se- Gentlemen, 1 have thought it propet to 

ciHrity can be expected froA this system, say thn.< much to you on these subjects. 

Houses are not broken open by chance — hoping, that when you are dismissed from 

the work is always premeditated : the this service, you will, in your several pa- 

arstchman's stand is first suiteved and rishes, endeavour to enforce such mea- 

considei*ed> the time he will come out of stires as will best tend to improve our 

lib Iwx is known ; the grouhd he will go streets artd other highways ; to prevent 

,^ver is ascertained; the church clock street robberies ; and to establish a more 

strikes, and inlbrms the housebreaker tbe effectual system for protecting our pra<-> 

watchman is coming his round ; and if he petty during the night. 
has not etfected his entrance into the You will now, Gentlemen, proceed to 

honse he means to rob, he retires from the the business you are more immediately 

watchman's beat until he returns and Summoned upon ; many important mat- 

^mU himself up it^ his watch-box ; then ters, I doubt not, will be laid before you, 

all is safe for a time, the thief returns, to which 1 trust you willgite yourserioua 

and effects his ptii-p'^se. This mode of attention and consideration ; yon will bc- 

watching cannot prevent hou8e>breakmg. sides (as is too frequent here) have many 

I alto aware it may be said, there- is no- frivolous casfes laid before you, arisin|» 

thing ne«% no fresh distovcry in this ; 'we from accidental quarrels, which occasion 

knew all this before. Qentlemert, it i s ^owe- trifling assatdis or Wisbehavlou^^ 



1812.] Theafrt^-^Prtfcnnents^ Mc-^Births. — Marriages. 3 7 



and, in coiueqacnee, indtctmentf are pr«^ 
ferred, where no personal iojury ha» been 
si«Btaiacd ; those yon wiU dificounteaance, 
attd recommend peace and harmony, ra- 
ther than suffer the parlies to involve 
theonsolves ia Uti|^atf<m and expense, and 
loss of that time whith may be much bet- 
ter employed for the benefii of ihemselves 
and their fiamiilies. 

THEATRICAL REGISTER. 
LvcBUM Theatre. 
Jan. 3. Right and Wrong, a Comedy, 
By Mr. Burton. The piece was very in- 
differently received. 

PaOMOTtONS, fcc» 

. WJiUehalli Ayo. 27. Capi. George Chas. 
Hoste, Royal Engineerx, permitted to ac- 
cept and wear the insignia of a Knight of 
tke third class of the Royal Sicilian ordt»r 
of St. Ferdinand and of Merit, conferretl 
on him fer his courage and intrepidity in 
the action fought by the Spartan, frigate 
against a squad njn of the Bnemy in the 
Bay ^f Naples, May 3, I8ia 

Hon. Philip Wodehou«e, and Capt ' 
Larcom, Commifisio»iers of the Nary. 

• Rer. The Knox, "M. A. Master of Tun- 
hndge School, Kent, ofceKnox, resigned. 

EcCtBSlASTICAL PaBFEHMETnTS. 

Rev. R. H. Chapman, chaplain to the 
Prince Regent, Cuxton R. Kent. 

Rev. J. Slade, Fererstiam R. Cam- 
briilgeshire. 

Rev. E. Ward, Haughley V. Snflfolk. 

Rev. Gilbert Malcolm, Toddenham R. 
Gloucestershire. 

Rev. William St^bback, Sancreed V. 
Cornwall. - 

Hon. an<f Rev. Hugh Percy (son of the 
Earl of Bcverleyi and son-in-law of the 
Archbishop of Canterbury) Chancellor of 
the Cathedral of Sarum. 

Rev. Wm. Taylor, jun. D. D. Chaplain 
id Ordinary to his Majesty in Scotland, 
wu Cordon, deceased. 

Rev. B. Jones, Gwremesiney R. Mon- 
mouthshire. 

Rev. Capet Whitmore Blashfield, B.D. 
Goytre R. Monmouthshire. 

Rev. J. Mower, Tinsley V. Yorkshire, 
xke Chapman, resigned. 

Rev; E. A. Bray, Brent Torr Perpe- 
tual Curacy, and Tavwtock V. Devon, 
nee Sleeman, deceased^ 

R^v. R. N, Raikes, B. A. Hel|esdoa 
with Drayton R. Norfolk. 

Rev. L. Tread w^y, Gayton V. Norfolk. 

Births. 

Jan. 19. Mrs. Sontball, irifo of ^ 
working shoemaker, Mansioo'house-row, 
Keonington-lane, three fine boys, all of 
whom are likely to do well* 

^;i. Vk. The wife of Mr: Charles Phi- 



Up Qalabin. of the UdMHi Firt OfEcw, 
Cornhill, a daui^hter. 

Lately, At Whitehall, the wife of J, 
Phtllimore, LL. D. a daughter. 

At Cheltenham, Lady Mary Ross, % 
son and heir. 

At Gredlington, Flintshire, Lady Kettm 
yon, a si>n. 

Ill Wei beck-street, the wife of Col. Dil- 
lon, a son. 

The wife Of E. Morris, esq. M. P. « 
son : ih« infant lived but a few minutes. 

At VV^iilihamstow-house, Essex, Lady 
Wigram, a {laughter. 

In IFpper ftuildfdrd-strect, the wife Of 
Sir R. Graham, a daughter, 

MARftlAOEf. 

Jfin. 1. C. T. Woml, esq. of Thoreshy, 
CO. Lincoln, to Jane, only daughter of 
Sir John Thorold, bart. ^f Syston Park. 

Jan. 2. K. Peel, e!«q. third sou of Sir R. 
P. bart. M. P. to Emily, seconl daughter 
of J. Swinfcn, esq. of Swinfen-house, oo, 
Stafford. 

Jan 6, Henry Fynes, esq. M. P. for 
Alborongh, to Katharine, third daughter 
of tlie Bishop of Bangor, 

Capt Cochrane, R. N. eldest son of 
Vice firfm. Sir Alex. C. to Miss Ro<»s Wish- 
art. eUlest daughter of Lieut. -goa. Sir Chti. 
Russ, bnrt, 

W. Welles Tey Pole, esq. to the eldest dan. 
of the late Sir James Tylney Lonff, bart. 

Mr. Hudson, to Miss Hawker, daughter 
of Dr. Robert Hanker, vicar of Plymouth. 

Jin, 13. At Bridgnorth, Mr. Joseph 
Wylde to Mis:* Elizabeth Thompson. 

Jan. 15. Rev. T; H- Elwin, td Eliza 
Eieonoi^, eldest daughter of V¥^m. Monk, 
esq. of Enfield. 

Jan. 20. Charles Whitaker, esq. of 
Rose-field, Lancashire, to Eliza, eldest 
daughter of Samuel Horrocks^ esq. M. P. 

Re -married at St. George's Hanover- 
square, the fornijer marriage having taken 
place in Scotland, James Webber, esq. 
of Beltmour-bouse, Hants, to Marianne, 
3ddau. of John Maclean, esq. of Galway. 

Capt. S. Strover, of the East India 
Company's Artillery, Bombay Establish- 
ment, to Mary Ann«», eldest daughret 
of T. Strover, esq. of Plymouth Dock-yd. 

G. Woods, esq. only son of John W. 
esq. Winter-lodgp, co. Dublin, to Sarah, 
eldest dau^of Hans Hamilton^ esq. M. P. 

At Baron's-court, Tyrone, Sir C. T. 
Morgan, of London, to Sydney, eldest 
daughter of the veteran Irish comedian 
Owenson, and author of ** The Wild Irish 
Girl," and " Woman, or Ida of Athens." 
T. D. Blonder, esq. of Kippsx-park,. 
Yorkshire, to Apollonea^ daaghter of 
Lord Stourton. 

J* Adatps, esq. of Stone-house, Devon, 
to the youngest daughter of the late T> 
Whsatley, esq. R. A. / 

BIO- 



[ w ] 

BIOGRAPHICAL ACXJOUNT OF THE LATE LORD NElTTOJiT. 



Tbe kite Lord Nev/ton ^whose death we 
Bot'K^d in our last vol. p. 489} was de- 
tcended of tlie Hays of Rannes, one of the 
most antient branches of the family of 
Bi»y. He was born in tbe year 1747, and 
was called to the bar in 1769. He had so 
thorovKhlj^ studied the principles of tbe 
profession on which he now entered, that- 
|U5 used often to tay, ** that he was as 
good a Lawyer at that time as he ever was 
at any future period.'' His strong natu- 
ral abilities, assisted with such preparation 
liar business, |;ould not fail to attract no- 
tice, and he l^ecauie soop distinguished 
for his acutenes% his learning, and bis 
profound knowlttdge of law. It was re- 
markable of him, that he always appear- 
ed as miirb versed in the common and, 
daily pravtice of the Court, and even in 
thAse minute forms that are little known, 
e^ept to the inferior practitioners, as in 
the higher branches of legal knowledge, 
that are only understood by the greatest 
Lawyers. The great simplicity of charac* 
ter which he carried with him through the 
whole of life was nowhere more conspicu- 
ous than in bis appearances at the bar. 
His pleadings exhibited a plain sAid fair 
statement of the facts, a profound and ac- 
curate exposition of the law, and very 
akcute and solid reasonings on both ', but 
there %»&« an entire absence of e rery thing 
merely ornamental, and especially of 
those little arts by which a speaker often 
tries to turn the attention of his auditors 
on himself. He seemed full of the cause 
vn which he was engaged, and not a word 
escaped which could lead any one to ima- 
gine that the thoughts of tl»e orator were 
ever turned to his own performance. 
Though his reputation continued always 
to increase, he practised at the bar with- 
«ut obtaining any preferment ti^. the be- 
ginning of the year 1806, when, on the 
deeth of the late Lord Methven, he was 
. appointed a Judge oJ the S^iprenie Court, 
by the Minis'jy of which Mr. Fox was a 
tnembeft anil was tbe only judge in the 
Court of Susiiion appointed while that 
great statesman was in power; a distinc- 
tion ou uhich he always professed to set a 
high value. Lord Newton's talenU never 
appeared to greater advantage than after 
he took his seat on the bench. As a 
lawyer, tbe ^opinions he gave were pro- 
bahly never surpassed for their acuteness, 
discrimination, and solidity ; and, as a 
judge, he now shewed, that all this was 
the result of tuch a rapid and easy apfdi- 
cation of the principles of law, as appear- 
ed more like the effect of intuition than, of 
study and laborious exertion. The clear- 
est and most comprehenshre view of every 
question seemed naturally to pfesent it- 
self; and bis opinions, at the same timt 



that they were readily and declsivself 
formed, were considered, by professional 
men, a» being perhaps less liable to error 
than those of any other judge who has ap- 
peared in our time. He was unremitting 
in his exertions ; and it is certain that, for 
his dispatch of business, and the correct* 
ness of his judgment, Lord Newton has 
been rarely excelled. As to political 
principles. Lord Newton was an ardent 
and steady Whig. Owing to the great 
openness and sincerity of his character, 
and the entire absence of tbe least ap- . 
proach to art or duplicity, he passed 
through a period remarkable for the hosti-^ 
lity which political opinions engendered^ 
with fewer personal enemies than any 
other man equally unreserved in con- 
demning the measures which lie thought 
wrong, and equally inflexible in support- 
ing those which he thought right. In pri- 
vate life he was extremely amiable, and 
his social qualities, as well as his great 
worth, endeared him to his friends. , He 
possessed an extraordinary fnnd of good 
humqur, a disposition extremely playful, . 
g^eat simplicity of character, with the en- 
tire absence of all vanity and affectation. 
A few peculiarities or little eccentricities 
wihtch be possessed appeared with so good 
a grace, and in the company of so many 
estimable qualities, that they only tended 
to render him more interesting to hit 
friends.— Lord Newton appeared to pof«- . 
Sess two characters that are but rarely 
united together. Those who saw him only 
on the bench were naturally led to think 
that his whole time and thoughts had, for 
his whole life, been devoted to tbe labori- 
ous study of the law. Those, on the 
other hand, who saw him in the circle of 
his friends, when form and austerity were 
laid aside, could not easily coneeire that 
he had not passed his life in the inter* 
course of society. With great gentleness 
and kindness of heart, he had a manly 
and firm mind. He had hardly any feel- ' 
ings of personal danger, and he seemed to 
despise pain, to which he was a good deal 
exposed in the last years of his life. H^ , 
was a man of, great bodily strength, and, 
till the latter years of his life, when he 
became very oorpi|lent, of great activity. 



Deaths. 
181 L^T Bombay, in the. East Isdi^i^ 
Jug, the Hon. Jonathan Dnncan, mai^y 
years Governor of that Presidency ; aa 
appointment which he held with great 
credit to himself and advantage to the 
Company. In his public character and 
private capacity he Was highly respected ; 
administering justice with the most «t-. 
tentive care : a judicious and muoificeyt 

pmtr9n& 



jtl£.} .£tiitiuihy!.witkjanec4d»ttffemarkiaie Permit.. 



itmGoattluit, Mx.'Vli^Citte. At BHitol, Mn. OMld, Kldoir of $k 

. Ate. &StaM^K4)MHH>4raQieoflcer, Ute Ma}or-gen. Pnnti 0. ^ 

■AlBTinalig.ft.iU% kmdcd*>ith Briti«i Un. Anne Wrison, of ffnil. She htil 
Miafa n j iin , from. L < l iili CanMb irM»l^ the precetfin^ aTenrng eoUpleled b«r ISAl 
A^riHatVvaott, Mr. H. finiok), a H- year, 
^nctebleltaits, oCSt.AMiN'*. AtAben 

■Sn. S2. M aoMtlltMplQn, (bcaFely JHDie*Wiri 
•^^nad br an otto boe* fear, AFary, At RahA 
■ifcir <rf th« Utc IMoati Gtorge I*<ril, J'lm. 2. 
jiW'Kt bigtilr AntiDgaiiliait hmiwlf as , npiare, in I: 
rr—M iiilwn of lb* S»ft» ArtMcr; al the ' vitbout est 
«Msocd>k aiege of Otkrsliar. Her con- graoi dutir 
dactthnMgb Ms u a ^aUf-hW, a •if«, kind aad « 
adamaUwr.waiiridr ckMDjilary^ and -maunen, ~v 
UapMiance, forlKHde, ^ ano cbectf uf- Mr. W, 

■en, witb which (ha UlKiaitd dnnng tbe R. cf PaU hi«ii. 

lUt duoa ;aan, under a araat painful, Henry Sbcllfy, esq. M. P. forXawctt 
aaU (Mi alK .«» mttaware) malinrbtc and fbrmerly aide-de-camp toQeo, Hulaa. 
iaaritr, *e(e ■oota'ad tfce fertile pen ' In NortlminberlaTid-srreet, Maryle. 
■bich traces theiB lines i* unable to io Bonne, M:99 Jane Adair, 'daughter of tbo 
jaabce to, and Mae-bat a {rue Chrislian late Patrick A; etq. and iliter to X^J 
«BOdd.bB>e e»bitot«d. fibe nnrirBd ber ■B»™«'^ 
fanHWi. tK> of nfhiMa faHoMd tbe piol- 
faaoa i^ iluar father, -aad died in Ma N 
>f^}eaty'aBer*iaei •ad'ha* laftbefthidhei- 
hra daaigb^en^ to^atMBttbe low of'tbe 
bcataodnMMlaflectioDUAofpareBta. ' K 
iXcM. AoKn^fheanfcftiiDBtesa^'er. "6 
aivfca periahed inlhe HBrsaffthecoaA A 
tt «aU«nd, John, Ae aeoMri ion of 
Jofai Jacob, asq. af SomfrtM, who met fl 
with Ua prenuturedeathlB httlSth year, ■ 
>Ulit larttiit ai a jnidiltipltan : a f oiDh (l 
(rfprorniiin^ abilitiet, witbmiM and ami- tf 



Goilege, Oxford. 

Ok. 31. -Aged 96, D. Fraacr, tate Ikr- ti 

McrtfTBaniyardB, nearBeaoly. Here- n 

tallied bis hcultiea entire, and waa'DCTer ci 

beanlto cobiglain ofjadiBp^Mtioo:' it «aa a 

only for a few day* before hie death he d 

■aa ^ig^, owing to^dehility, to beeFbis w 

bed. He lerved as piper, to SknuD LotA w 

l4nt, and fought at tliet>Utie»efFalUirk ai 

aad Cidloden.. The Hon, A. Ftul^er of al 

Larat, deauww to shen eiery mack »f cl 

napect to an otil and bitMul aerratt^ ei 

acdnedtmtb hiapipecsto aaoMapany'ihe ei 

fcawal, en tbe SOtb. piayiag a mOBrOful b 

diqp, lotke place af inurmaoi at Kirk- n 

hill; he alio tMttb the b^rylag-griiaad h 

aaHpply-ofgoadIlifUaiid>wtii«kT, for'the it 

rrfraatwntirt af Wwe* who actantBd thi n 

fMHvl, iMawdiBtMlWAU dualaattf tB« a 

dan. t 

\9St, Jin: l.ul#M'71,'.PiMteM, Vila « 

arBcwLThM.Mn^ s 



QHn. Uu. Jtaai»y, ISIS. 

12 



#0 bbUuary; mih JnecdcUs rf remirkMe fcrsom. [Jtt« 



m adinsy be alviyf copied w c ^l hend A oMii iic y i it m ^ leHiTTHprtJey 

Ketofe, and ehreyt readied tbe beait. the ftb, (ke TtneiM oT Ihig iMimliil 

IVwifetim ftflooiidjiidgiiinity an^mste- gentleiiiaa were d tp oi it e d dote to thft 

died cn^fbln^ee cfactiom and arToice tomb of Qnni ia the Abbey Ciiwch» vicre 

^jBodalated with the fiocit bamoo^ Mr. but two Smida jt beftie be had ni dw Boot 

llfiiiood oertainljr approadied as near to perfcctbealtb attended di t i a e aerrice, and 

tbe tranioendantabiliticfl of hie great pre- reeeHred tbe saerament with tbe Corporv- 

eepCoraeaajr performer who ever adorned tion. Tbe Theatre was dosed, and all 

'tbe stage; bat, natttrally desinms of ob* thep^ormers and servants attadied t» 

taining opportnoiiies of appearing before tbe establisbmeat went into deep moiiro* 

the poblick more freqoenUy tb«n at that log, as a sacere testimony of respect t» 

period could be allotted to^-a yoong per- one wbo bad ever blended the klndniBoa 

fbrmer at Dmry lane, he, in 1774, ac- of a friend vith tbe duties of a master, 

cepted a short and Talnable engagement 'the deep and unaffected sorrow c^ qp rc ss c d 

at Bath ; but tbe marked and gratifying by tbe nmnerooi crowds of spectators as 

reception which he there met with, both their " dead fi^ourite ". was home in, . 

in public and in prirate, loon induced silence to his last sad home spoke at once 

bim td prefer to the metropolis a city in tbe worth of the deceased, and the feelingt 

which be afterwards centered all his bap- of the snnrirors.*-iPeace to his shade ! 

eioessr and where posthumous regret will and may 

»iig record his living worth. About *< Goodness and he fill up one monnmentl** 

twelve years sin^e, while yet in the xenitb Jmn, X In Weymouth-street, Mrs. Caff 

of popularity, he bade adieu to the stage, roline Armstnfng, widow of the late Gea^ 

'ana quitted the management of the Then- Bigoe A. 

tre M the unibterrupted enjoyment of In Somerset-plaoCf suddenly, John Ro* 
domestic life.— Mr. Dimond's manners binson Pearson, esq. secretary of the Lot- 
were tbe molt gentltaianly and unassnm-r tery office. He was much esteemed; and 
ing ; hit disposition the most amiable and was well known in the streets of London by 
cheerful : affection for his family, and an enormous wen on his neck. ■ 
'biuetolence to all mankind, constituted In Keppel<4treet) RusseU-square^ Jobs 
the greatest happiness of his life. Wbei^- Munro, esq. 

ever imperious regard to public example In his 30th year, James> youngest son 

compelled hini to. an act of apparent of Mr. John Northcote, of the Customs, 

harshness, his hand was sure in secret to At Kempston-house, Bedfordshire, Mrsb 

obey the dictates of his hearty and admi- Jane Adams, niece of tbe.late Rev. £dw. 

nister a balm to the wound he had before Ellis, formerly rector of Leke, Notts, 

linwilliugly inflicted. Through the whole At Broxboume, Herts, aged 77, Mrt» 

'•f his fatal illness, his sole uneasmess ap- Elizabeth Tavemer. 

peered to be lest bis fiimily should think In her 70th year, the wife of Mr* MT. 

be sufiVfred : his dying moments were hut Bowen, of the Hill, near Westbitry^ 

the e|>itome of his life ; the tenderest cha- Salop. 

jrities of the man, and the firmest resig- Miss D. Oliver, daughter of Mrs^ O. 

nation of the Christian, adoirned him to Oswestry. 

the last, when, with a getitle sigh, he In his 76th year, at his ipansion*bottse 

resigned to Heaven that breath which had at Chesterton, near Bridgnorth, Thocnaa 

ibever been known to give utterance td one Bache, genL 

tlnkidd expression. Dimond, like Oarrick, Jan. 4. John Hilton, esq. Ironmonger 

l^ai attacked on Chiristmas eve, and both lane. 

died in the same month at the age of 63 ! At Sir W. Curtis's, Soutbgate, aged e% 

w-The life and death of Mr. Dimond exhi- Mrs. Sarah Roberts, 

bit a memorable confirmation of the truth In Bruceegrove, Tottenham, John 

dC Dr. Blair's assertions, that the basis of Smith, esq. late of Kewgate-stmt, for- 

m lasting reputation is laid in moral worth ; merly one of tbe Common-coundl of Far«^ 

that unaffected piety, coi\ioincd with Lnvioe ringdon Ward Within* 

lable uprightness and integrity in con- At Enfield, Middlesex, Bicknell Coney^ 

duct, command a degree of respect which esq, a director of the Bank of England, and 

tpproiacbes to veneration; that candour for more than 50 years an eminent mer* 

'nnd fairness never fail to attract esteem chant in Leadenball-street. 

nidlrust ; and that kindness and benevo- At Tittleshail, Norfolk, shot by bis bro* 

leboe cobciliate love, and create warm ther's gun accidentally going ui, and in- 

A>l«ndibips.— On the Snndav following his stantly expired, Chartes, yoaofer ton of 

^emiite, an enlightenef and truly worthy Rev. Dixon Hoste. 

'Divine (the^Rev. Dr. Tomkyns), m an At Someiiton, Oxon, aged 95, Mr. F. 

eloquent und impressive sermon, most Gibl»s, lateofBliswoith,c<^lloithaaqilon. 

/«eliugly alKided to tbe melancholy even^ Of a decline, in km S6th ynnr, iane, 

ond pointed out the charader of Mr. INw^ wife of Mr. QoMtley, priolMV fltapUM 

mondasan tsaoiplt to focitty ofp«bUs Mallft* ^ 

• At 



.l»l «.] Obiimry; with Anecdotes qf remarhAle Persmt. 9^1; 



At Portsea, m^ed 80, Mrt. BaMy, wi- 
dow of the lat* Mr. B., muter rope-maker 
at Plymjottth Dock*yard. Mr. B^ was 
lortnerly foreman of the ropa-makert lii 
1^ Dodi-yanI; iN>rtfiiiouth | and wax the 
means of Jtuk the Bnnttr beiof takknj 
wbo at that time had set fire to Xhe hemp 
and TOpe-houso. The incendiary had 
asked Mr. B. some triiiog queslbns, who 
on that aocomit was induced to notice 
him ; and from Mr.^B.'s description of the 
man he was taken. * Mr. B, moei?ed his 
proflaotion in consequence. 

Aged 86» Rer., Wm. Brereton/ rector 
ef Cotteemore, eo. Rattand, and of Piek- 
wdl, oo. Leicester, and canon residentia<« 
ly of Licfadeld cathedral. He was for- 
merly of King's college, Cambridge ; 
A.B. 1749; A.M. 1753. 

The wilb of Mr. 2achariah ?ailcer» of 
HoUy-hall, near Dudley. 

jik. 5. Mr. Duvid Taylor^ of the firm 
of Sangster, Atkinson, andTaytor, MUk-, 



At PentDorille, kk her 88th year, Sarah, 
relict of John Joshua Pirn, esq. 

At Peckham, aged 99, Elizabeth, wife 
of Joseph Delafbns. 

At Kens'mgton, aged 3% Mr* J. Hellins 

Hearding, of the Globe Insurance office^ 

WlUMaU'; a yomig man of great talents 

and integrity. 

' At Staamove,' Thomas Oomerferd, esq. 

At Sydenham, aged 36, the wife of H. 
Cobb, esq. 

At East Bergholt Lodge, Suffolk, Adnu 
8ir Rich. Hogbes, bart. . . 

In his 55th year, Mr. Thomas Parrott, 
an opulent former of Wotton,! Bucks, • 

In Bath, in his 63d. year, Stephen. 
Welch, esq. fother-in-law of Dc Fletcher, 
ef^worth. 

At Bath, in his 68th year, W.Shnte, esq. 

At Longnor-halt, Salop, the wife of Rer. 
Afchdeaeon Corbett. 

Jan. 6. Henry Rosser, esq. solicitor, 
Bartlett's-buildingf ; eminently , distin- 
guished fo^ his professional abilities and 
iategrity, in the exercise of which he had 
been actirely engaged for nearly half a 
ctntory. 

At Walworth, in his 67th year, Mr.Chas. 
BiiUas.—^— rn his 70th year, Mr. Thos. 
Kaigbt 

At Margate, Mr. EyIeB, late of Bams- 
bury, Wllta. 

Aged 79, Mr. Thos. Jessop, of Hecking- 
ton ; and on the 12th, aged 71, his widow. 

At Edinburgh, in his 39Ui year, Wm. 
Jackson, esq. solicitor of Excise for Scot- 
land. 

«/ait: 7. At Datchet, aged 58, Miss Scott, 
aunt of Lord Montague, Ditton Park. 

At Downham Market, Norf. Mr. Thos., 
Wrig;ht, draper, who by honest industry 
had accumulated very handsome property. 

Aged 88, Mr. Wm. Boi^oft, ofAifordi 



and on the 1 Itfa, aged 88, his wid^^ Mrs. 
B They had been married 66 years, and 
were the parents of Messrs. B. of Boston. 
Geo. Hughes, esq. late collector o£ 
Customs, at \yisbeach. 

J^en. 8. Fanny Lasoelles Jei^er, daugh« 
ter of H. Jenner, LL.'D. 

At his brother's. Stepney, T. King, esq., 
ef the Orduanee Office. 

At Rotherhithe, aged 75^ Ridiard Ad*, 
dams, esq. 

At Kensington, in her 77tb year, Mrs.. 
Eliz. Wicks, late of Herton, Middlesex. 

At Ashurst-place, Northfleet; Keqt, . 
Isaac Leferre, esq. 

^denly, Mr. W. Galc«tt. bookseller, 
Oxford ^ deservedly esteemed for his uni« 
form punctuality and integrity. 

At flavant, Hants, aged 77, Ret. J. 
Soett, rector of Hamble, and uncle to thf 
Counter of Oxford. 

In his 78th year, J. Allanson, esq* of 
Holgate, York. 

Jan, 9. At her brother's (Mr. Musgrare,. 
Sly-place), aged 3d, Miss Eliz. Thooopm 
son, of Newark, Notts. 

After a long illness, in his ^d year»^ 
Frederic, fourth son of John S. Harford/ 
esq. Bristol. 

Jan, 10. At Wolverhampton, aged 35,^ 
after an illness of 18 months, El^abeth, 
wife of Mr. Thomas Simpson, bookseller. 

Suddenly,, aged 67, Elizabeth, wife of 
Rev. Marmadttke Bannilter, perpetual 
eurate of Tring/ Hertf. 

At Midhurst, in Sussex, ayed 79, Hon# 
Mrs. Clementina Radelyffe, aunt to the 
present Earl of Newburgh. 

At Cheltenham, Mr. Thomas Sotlir/ 
stone-mason, formerly of Ch^ltOn Kings;* 
His life was amiable; his death sucha^^ 
true Christians only attain, possessing the= 
tranquillity emanating from a^puieeoii^' 
science. He has left his pn^rty to bie^ 
only surviving niece, the wife of Robert . 
Finch, esq. merchant. Great Tower-«trett»\ 

At Bath, Mary, wife of W; Wood Weu-. 
son, esq. of Dulwich-hill. i ." ' • 

Samuel Maltby, esq. of SheHon, near 
Newark, Notts. 

Mr. Jonas Howard, many years master-* 
and ship-owner, Hull, but latterly a pilot 
in the Royal Navy, . • ' 

Jan. 1 1 . (a Qrosvenor-plaee, Mrs. lo^ 
Ogiiby, of Dungivee, oo. Londoncfercy. 

At J. Dale's, esq. Hatton-gardeii, Har«' 
riet, youngest daughter of the late F* 
Smythies, esq. of Colchester. * 

At Pimlico, Mr. 6. Elsworth, 18 yeari 
one of the King's messengers. 

At Knightsbridge-gr^n, aftier a linger^^ 
iog illness, Mrs. Hansard. 

Thomas, youngest son of Rer. Ridb^ 
Jones, rector of Cbarfleld, oo. CHoooaster.' 

Aged 90, Mr.Stephen Batt, of Warwidu; 

Aged 104,' Anne Morris, the oldest in-- 
habiUatof KSt. James's parish, Bath» . . •« 

4 



^Ak MotttnghafB* ^VBd, 68, Mr. Richard B, Holliofiportbj mt^ ^oi^mi'mi^mn^ 

Wood^».ibnmrly.a»mcer iaibf Eaaim Wettminstrr. 

akTickfaill^ CMbtrof Mr. W. coftcii-pro- Id the Neir.read, fg«d ^, Ifv^^olii 

|irietor» Booeaster. • Schwieit^er* f natifs of Gcrontif « ii|| 

At the palace of PaQBeHh, hit gr^ca for many years a opqsi4efable:tiujflrajil 

Btqry Sootty Puke of Bneoleofb and Cork -street, :kttrUogtoii^ardei|s. Biirlift 

Qoeeosberry ; Marquis of Dumfrie8|ure» was distipgnisbed l^y ezemplary pwtj 

EarlofDalbeitlh.Saflqoebsr, and Drum- |um1 uniform benevoleiice. 

lanrig; Viscount Nub, Torthowald, and to bisTdd year, Mr. Tbos. W ^ it i fi|»a| 

MidcHebie, and Domock | also Earl of Islington) nurseryman, 

Doncaster and Lord Tynedale in England, At PacSdiDgton-green, hi his ^tb y^ntv 

Knightof tbe Oariv; l4ord Lieutenant of Jehn Cbamberlayoei esq. 

the Countiey of Edinburgh and Roxburgh- At Epping, aged 77, Sir Th^oias pon* 

n' ' ^ GiDf evnar of the Roy^ Bank of bead, formerly M.. P. for Bnunb«ii> 

land, bkc. He wa^ bom in 1746; the At Canterbury, CapL IoomiUq, Isl 

ef son of ^rnocb^I of Dalkeith, by royal dragoons. - > .. 

dly Caroline Camphffll, eldest daoghtey At Fawler, Oxon» Mc. Wilsdoq, ^ re* 

«fJobn, thf ggeat Dukeof Argyle; and ^pect^ble fsrm«r. ^* i! 

fac^^ded bif grandfotber in 175|S. la tii her7ftthy^r, Mrs, AldefSDpfc nAv^ 

V767, bis Grace married Elizabeth Mon- of tbelateTboma* Ald^rfon, esq» ^ J^ynn, 

tagu, only daughter of the la^ Duke of Norfolk. 

lAopUgn, by «hom he has iasne, <:barie8 Mr. Cams, sehoohwistcr, l^il 



William, now Duke of Bnecleugb and rough, ro. linool*. 

Queeiaisberry, aad^ ^eary Jamev, Lord At Etstoo, near Newark, Mr. Mi^tloefci 

Jloptaggu,. and four daughter^, vi». thtf piany years na4itero6thefre^4M)boi>U 

Countess of Courtown, Coolness of ^n« Found literally burnt t^ ^ cio44r) th# 

qnvt CotmtesB of Hene, and Lady Dciug- wife of Mr. Colclocrgby obendleri ^jublin* 

]^f .All of frboti biivft families. He^ She was a handsome wcpum* betwaoo 30 

succeeded in his titles and estates by his and 40 years of ag^}^ wA posfen^ a 

4l|le9t89«» Charles W4nis«i, £^ of Dal- p^i^ than ordtnaiy sbave of iptel^^^ 

rl, ifk9 manM ilowritt, duoghter of endowoent. It if^ cei^ectufedtliat tjbf 

late Visc» Sidney, 9mA hat several back of her clothes caught Qfe fir«t» na4 

^\Axm* W* Grape succeeded sK an that shct fainted either thrt>ugh frigid or 

4trly fff tfi n princely fortune^ wbtcb maffocation. ^ 

gave him the mean^ of indulging hisoate-. Mr. Peter Moulton, dnrer fov the lasl 

Mii ^p9«i|ion tb.publie spirit m4 priTnte 15 years to the Sudbilry oi^a^b ; rebooted 

1ibier%Mty« ta ^XAnYi pori^sesi •€«M<tingiy, by the publick ^r his civility and ajtHolioMi 

s ooBsiderable pt^t of k«r «n<if>tt« fvnds aad by his emplcryen for bit . fidelity. 

^fuve kmovwa (d b^ ppplied* Bt ims ex- Jsm. 13. lo^West-tquaft, Jas* I^4g«i^ 

qtediiKlly jAM6 in.bit aianntKfti and jimi. esq. 

^at datervft t» be r? oorded tl a p«raoa , Jn hit l^th ymir, Cbarifs Wei^t^er^ 



ta gragtly cssnltcrd both in rank ted for- Watson, oadet, son of ThomM W. ^t^ 
tDiie^ iWiigtniMraUly atoestible to the poor. M. D. mA third son^ift tba Uoiv BMt 



4ft a landlas^ bis liberality was ftU India Company's service. 

l|9««rn} be «M«tsy of aooest, and al<r Mrs. Gilbert of Bvington Lo^(«« etn 

^f^yi ie nd y < to ttfit ta acti^Hi p^rt in any Leicester. . 

jnb69)t#fbieo9VOlenceandhi«pnansty. He At Wbaplodc Diove, oo Lincoln, afis4 

posietted great politictl iaiaeoee. 87^ Aime Pbemx, who wasbli^d tbe l«st 

"Bw^ droimed under the bk, ui XM. tbn yetrtf. 

dingstone Locb, Edinburgh) aged about Joicu V4. Smdditnly, in abackney co^cfe^ 

^ Mr* Alt3«Midtr Steal, miwiy; years which was conveying him to th^ Whit* 

proprietor td tbe steel-y^Rd^ CaiMtwayu Horse ccAlar, Piocedilly, in order to bit 

tide. He had been for toitie yeafirs m a returning ^oim by the BtjUi maiW Mn 

tjBpenuoiMMM Mate* under tbe eare of Mitchell, who kept an inn near B^b» 

hisreMpMffrOiiwbpmhe badwsandered Oo the coachman »npivi^|r *^ thehptel, 

on. the 9tll iivi* tnd it is suppoted he bad medical assistance was sent fori but tbtf 

Men bi ; the Loth ift tbe dark. He wa» spark of life was gone. Mf. M. cpMM to 

discovered in an erect posture, and had town a few days ago to article one of ^m 

teme s<srtt^iet 04- th^ haodt and face, ap- sans to an attorney. 

parently received in fttrngglinglx> extricate Aged dQ, Mrs. Jones, relict of Morrit 

bhMeli:. J. esq. ofLower Belgrave-place. 

Jan. 18. Jn Cfaariettet-street, of a: lin. At Winchester^ in his 70th year* Mr. 

jeritii aad. pninlbli diaeaae, borne like a George Feachem, one of the oldest free^ 



e9afi.aed(e.ioJdieit, Qen» Sir James, Henry men of that city. Mr. Fea,eh«m succeed- 
C«aig^:4i^ S. brte ^vemor«in-ehief of ed tbe late James Randall, esq. of St 
BritisbNertJfrAmeriea; govemer of Black- Croat, as fatbeir of the charitable societyt 
Mtt Cattltf^ andrODlondi of the 78tk fopt of Gentlem^ Aliens, and for aiiany years 

distin- 



iftjfl.] OhttvMiftmM Anaiates ^r*imirkahle Persons. 09 

fed bii hm rith paanllar'refmt. Tb« 

wortbf .|i«ar, vh* fttqtWBtIr ptHotkVC 
bit iinattestaiion bodiM^, «ill .ihed-tl^ 

. . tcv of ■joipM^ It tlie deatk'of B IBM 

OM <lw w ,ewp orCdaabaLodgei Oun. wlww biMt ««■ lutaqftaMa oC the fiaMt 

A(eii<lodr<ir»'^lii4BfHd9a, CtuK. ftdingl Of bciumWiies. 

IM^ tiM aciwnfilMied ■«& boidifol At Iiliagloli, in hn f9lk r«W>'Mr. BW- 

t»i | Her of Adu. flea. MsnUsu. Tewon Pe|^), wbo m* fbr a cooMeratale 

ttaaogar, Rm. JUbB Ivet, rNtar of time BCInfcinilM Birik; ud-iiw'A* iMt 

Sraal HriliMd, BwBi, vicar (J St. Mb^- three ^n bat baea Cbi|rabwud«f tf 

pMY, SaAlk.aid ohaj^aiatA tbs Dnki Jtlingtoa, whare be wa* oueb HHimtJ 

•fNMMk for taisprabilyaadphiluiUtrapir. 

. M WrfliogtMi, Havtb, a farteigbc sAar At Dulaieb, aged 73, Mrs. WillM. Hv 

IkadMdi of biiwiT^ ealaael H. Pattoo, remaioi weic iHtenad on Uw 93d iolt. Ik 

teagawmbroFSt Bderuu WettmiHter-alibey, in tbc |>ri(ate vk^ 

'a hi* 5ltb feat, B. Pea- sfber deceased renerablo uBcie. Dri^ioi, 



to ban Mica arteep bf the fira-iidu, M, aathor of " Sw:icd Eianian," and otMr 

WtigM, aiheiiC'aoevT. piiraaandkaiaedvorki.vaiburJediBite 

An. 19. At harfatbai^ [Heary TigcoN, noia gme.) Mrs; W. «a> tha odIt wv- 

ai^]iilMr48tk j'**'<8i'*^'*i^<^Jo'>* vlring branch of Ibii moct truly bMeni- 
AII«NSbaI«'/aB().afOBiisii>T(l>f treat last api worthy famiij-i like tbem, dl»- 

IW W^apals-iOeet, afed 15, .Hrarr liDguitbad bf every aacial aud ChrialtMl 
PMloa, «(|. a native of Wlnduiter, which riitue that caa aderatbbuiaM boKt. 
be ngtreamied in MvRral ntceesgivi Par. .A t Ly on, Mr. Lya, taytor. il<> daatk ' 

liMeim, tllt-bii Inorcaainf yvan rendered wu occarioued by aOMe penao, for jaUa, 
ktaiacap^eofdischaifii^hi^Btaatanal putting gunpowder in hia'tataoeoj tba 
dntii*. fiip« in vaa«|aeB«e aaploded, and tb« 

A> HiHbnl-hBll, 9nA>lk, Sir Harry frajimenlB enleriog the roef of hia aiaiilhi 
Pnter, barL' bw»ed imiaDt dlathl Ha baa teft IS 

' At Welia, Gko, I.ax, eiq, sen. an SGil* children. 

■HtMUcitorf B»diiiember«fllra corpora- Aged SS, Mil. Seamui, of Middkwicb, 
tiou. Cheihire. 

At NbnoaaUc, ag«4 80, lira. Friihnay. The wife at John Caldac^ etq. «t 
• ■ AtlbiHMik SMnge, eo. Leicester, Hr. Holbiook Ofinge, miat Rugb j, only daa. 
OeorgeTber^, (brmrr asd gn7icr. of the late Mi. AideimaB Suuna, of 

Ag«d 43, Tlut. CWace Smith, esq. of Laicetter. 
Ktlnaril. Jan. 17. At Igltogtaa, I«ed1t. Mt^ 

Tbram tmt bis curricte ,ia Balkcr. Poole, father of Mrs. Dtdtoaa, of tha Ly- 
fart:, lAoeaaMre, rethrniog' trua a thont- eainn TheMre. 

iifoaauraioB tn iXHapany iriih a younger Aged 51, ^r. James Lenptierc, of 

kWler, and hia lale tutor, agod £0, Col. KeDninglon-laoa. 

Wd. CaTOnditb, M. P. (ar'Dttbj, eldett Jaa. Esdaitr, etq. of UpaatDilcC, Eases. 
•WDf LordGeo. Henry C. ant masin to - Agad 61, Mr. John Coppock, worker of 
ikeDukeof Davonahire, He pitched on ,tbe itoDepitxatHeadiBgtoBauuTr.OaoD. 
Ui b«d, aafi •eTersp<Ae aftenrards. A Jan- IS. Mis* Hilnea, eldest daagbtcr 

Wftan^obemanitdtbeeldeatdBngb* of Ibe late R. P. M.eaq. M. P. faiYerfc, 
tn of Lord Liaraore, by whoai he has left and sister to the praseiit mnnbar lor ho- 
Ibraa-oi four chUdien. tefraLt, 

AtKilDMre, CO. Kerry, Mrs. Usber, re- At Essei.hoiwe, EsKK-street, aced II, 
Cct of tbe late E. U. esq. and suter of Mrs. Lindsey, relict of tlie late Rer.Tbao- 
Lord Ventre. pbiluB L. 

In Wis 69th year, Hr. J6bti Porkil, «r 
Cbancery-laae, .oilman. 

In G rimstharpe-paik, is eooae^uonca 
af Ills horse rearing and filing backwards 
an him on the I6tb iott, Hr. Stael, of 
Scottlethorpe, co. Lincobi. 

Jan. 19. AC h^r father's. Dr. John Sims, 
Vpper Guildford .street, Anne Mart^ wife 
of Edward Trant Bonteln, esq. # 

In consequence ofbec cloUics.catching 
lire on tbe 17th inst aged 73, the wife of 
Joitah Bolford, esq, of IJaaipstead. 

At Hackney, aged 74, Uie wft oCl^i 
WlB.I(e^rs. 

J«U 



f 4 OMiumf.^Pricei ff Camd Sksra, Kc {Jo, 



/j» to. In Half Uoom^twetU m her dm «w 

TTdi year, Mrs. i<bh, widom «r Jol« a Cfariiliai^ vidMt Wfoliy^ 

JcM; M. O. F. B. S. (who 4ied March ^ vithoirt acmilir 

97M.) Mn. Jebh wu the eltot daogh. adf ilmn or iitinfii g awnff w fiii M» 

tir af lh« latt Icr. Jaflm TofhnigtOB» withooi dHgwat, mA ■Hhaal 

factor of Khir«1^N>imiuMil'i>tt«9^ak«lj With tnmAmMi pamta of 



JB H— tiBfrtwMhita, and of Lady Dorothy iMiMMod all tha anaUe aaflaett of tha 

ih i rard , &ti|chter of PhJHp aeomd EaH femala duracter. With as law fiulii^ 

^Harhoroafh. Sha was OMnricd to Dr. as ooold watt fall to tha lot of haaHuaty, 

Mhb in 17i4, ivhen ha was ia the beigBt she exercised aa oainnited caodov is 

«f hb lilsrary rcpatatkm at Camhrid^. yadging those of othos. Chndoar and 

The Doctor, it » well known, engaged in benignity wete the proiainent ftataias of 

tOMO T«ry serious eontforersies with the her character. Her fntndi, t heie fo ie , 

VviwenKf, particnlarly on abolishing were nometnas, and she oonkl net hare 

i ah scr i p t i o n to the Thirty-nine Articles, a single enemy. These superior qualities 

•I the time of taking degreet, and on pub- of mind and heart were lodged in a body 

lie amwal examinations of Under*gni. of tbe mott delicate textnre. The lirama 

^ales. Tbete disputes found exercise of Mrs. J ebb was extranely feeble ; her 

Ibr the trst talents at that time in tbe Uoi- oonntenanoa always langnid and wan. Shm 

wanity ; and Mn. Jebb was not content used to recline on a soft, and had not 

^ with being a siUnt obienrer : she became been out of her roaan abore once or twice 

ihe actire opponent of Dr. Powell, the these twenty years— she seemed the sh». 

Master of Saint John's College, who con- dow of a shade, or irather all soul and in* 

dneted the other side of the controversy, telleet, like one dropped from another 

and who felt as saniibl^ the point of Mrs. sphere. For her ardear tand patriotic 

Jabb*s pen \n the pnblic prints as he did ftrmoess, mixed with mhanity and gentle- 

of the learned Doetor's. It was in refe- ness, and oecasionaHy brightening with 

fsnca to the force of argument contained innoornt playfiihMss, gare that to her 

hi a smart pamphlet written by Mrs. Jebb countenance, which tbe mere bloom of 

on tbe same subject, under the signature health cannot bestow, nor the pen de^ 

of Prisoilla, that the late Dr. ^aley said scribe ; it gave a singular interest to her 

at the time, '* Tbe Lord had sold Sisera character; it caa only be fidt, and will ha 

into the hands of a Woman.'' When Dr. lastingly remembered by her sunrlving 

Jebb, havin'g embraced some speculative friends. 

opinions which he thought made it neees- Jan, 24. In Poitman-sqnare, Isabella 

sary for bim to resign his preferment, and Susanna, Countess of Beverley, second 

to leave the Church* settled in London; daughter of Peter Burrell, esq. of Beck* 

he became a physician and a strenuous enham in Kent, sister to the Duchess qf 

political reformer. No name is better Northumberland, and the Ducbeu Dow* 

kaown among the advocates of Parlia* agar of HamiUon» now MarchioneBS of 

mentary Reform, than that of Dr. J. ; and £xeter, and Peter Lord Gwydir. Her 

the active energy of Mrs. J. is also well Ladyship was married June 8, 1775, to 

known. Being an invalid; she lived a Lord Algernon Percy, second son of the 

retired life : but her xeal rote to tbe full late Duke of Northumberland^ afterwards 

level of her husband's : she saw with the Lord Lovaine in 1786, and in 1790 Earl 

same quickness, glowed with the same of Beverley ; and has left a numerous issue, 

ardour, and wrote occasbnally with the Jan, 37. At Sutton, Surrey, the wife of 

same spirit. But Mrs. Jebb was not mora Ambrose Hall, esq. of . that place, and 

distinguished for the vigour of her mhxl, of Albion-street, Blackfrfars. 

AVEltAGE PRICES of Navigaslb Camal PaorERTV, Doer Sh-oca, Fiaa-Omcx' 
Smasbs, &c. in January 1812 (to tlie 25th), at the Office of Mrl Scott, SS. New 
Bridge^^treet, London.— Birmingham Canal, 615/. dividiag 26L St, dea^ per annum. 
«-Neath Canal, 290/. ex. Dividend SO/, per Share clear. — ^Leeds and Lnrernool, lf4/. 
dividing 8/. clear.— Warwick and Birmingham, 288/. 290/. dividing 12/. dear.— 
Grand Junction, 20 j/. 210/. ex. Half Yearly Dividend 3/.— Worcester and Birmhighaaa 
Old Shares, 34/. New Ditto, M Discounts— Kennct and Avon, 31/. to 30/. Iftf. SO/L — 
Monmouth, 103/,— Dudley, 50/. ex. Dividend. — Ashby-de-la-Zouch, 21/.<— Ellesmere, 
69/.— Union, 87/.— Lancaster, 22/. 10^.- WilU and Berks Old Shares, 25/. New 
Ditto> 7/. Premium.— East India Dock, 121 1 per cent.— London Dodc Stock, MBL 
ox. IHridend, Half Yearly, 3/. dear. — Commercial Dock Old Shares, 163/. per Share, 
with 3/. lOx. Half Year's Dividend.-^Rock. lOt. Preauum.- East LosMlott Water. 
Works, 81/. to 85/.— London Flour Company, 8/.— Strand Bridge, S7L per Cmk. 
Discount, without Interest due.— London Institution, 60/.— -fUssdl Ditto, t^t \ts, IS/L 
18«..*Surrsy Ditto, 14/L,-West Middlesex Water-Works, 85/.— Pkoridevt tetitntioii, 
Sd IQu Pfaaittn,«^SQgliih 0>ppcr CoMany, 7/. \$$. U tO«. dividiac 8s. per Share. 



# 



tiLL Ot MORTALITY, from DMtmb^r 94, 1811, to Jantuur %9, im. 



QuriitaMd. | 



1786 



Buried. 
MaU» .905? 
FemalM 1038 ( ""'f"-* | FedMlet 881 { 

Of whom have died umkr 8 yemn old 500 
P«ek Loaf 5«. 8d 5t, ML 5f. 8it5j; 8</. $t. 54, 
Sah J^U perbutbel; 4)dL per pound. 



I 




Sand 5 
5 and 10 
10 and 20 
20 and 30 
30 and 40 
40 and 50 



153 
91 
55 

134 
170 

187 



50aiid«0 tSS 
60 and 70 1«7 
70 and 80 145 
80 and 90 67 
90 and 100 la 



rtia 



AVBRAGE PRICES of CORN, from th«» Retuma ending January 18^ 1818. 



IKLAND COUNTIES. 



Wbeit. 

Middlesex m 
112 
i04 
102 
103 
104 
101 

99 
103 

94 
102 
106 

in 

113 
115 
112 
113 
liO 
112 

lee 



Sunw 

Hertford 

Bedford 

Huntingd. 

Northanl 

Rutlaiid 

Leicester 

Nottingh. 

Derby 

Stafford 

Salop 

Herefotd 

Worcester 

Warwick 

Wilts 

Berlis 

Ozfofd 

Bucks 

Brecon 



Rye iBariy 
t, d, t.' d. 

51 746 11 

52 646 
45$ 044 

56 045 
00 048 
95B 044 
PO 49 

3 51 

3 51 

048 



a. 

3 

4 



lU 
1 



3 



060 
52 

800 

900 
1169 
1164 

6159 

6 





s. 

35 
8 35 



OAts 
1^1 



35 

33 
1131 



6 
4 



54 
58 







00 
58 
00 
00 
00 



Momgom. 103 
Radnor 116 



6 
1 
2 







00 
6 00 








57 



4 56 
61 
56 



49 



48 

46 

0162 

51 



57 



32 
29 
131 
8 31 
33 
8 32 
535 
035 

10 37 
5 39 
8 5i 

11 33 
7 30 
934 
4 28 
2 33 
4]31 



Beans 
d. 



X. 

56 
8 57 
si 55 



MARITIME COUNTIES. 
Wbeat Rye Barlr Oats Beaii^ 



55 
52 
4 51 
9 57 

4 45 

6 54 
S;56 
9 62 

5 83 
65 

7 56 

6 64 
6 60 
2 60 

8 56 

9 55 
10 00 

7too 

2j00 



9 
6 
6 

11 


8 


2 
6 

611 
5 
8 
4 

3 
1 





Average of England and Wales, per quarter. 
105 11(55 5t51 2(31 9(56 9 
' Average of Scotland^ per quarter:' 

83 11(44 0(42 9(2.8. 6(49 2 

Aggregate Arerage Prices of tbe Twelve Ma- 

ritmie IKstricts of England and Wales, by 

whicb Exportation and Bounty are to be 



Essex 105 

J^ent 108 
Sussex 112 
Suffolk 103 
Camb. 99 
Norfolk 101 
iLineoln 96 
York 90 

Durham 95 
Nortbmn. 84 
Cumberl. 90 
Westmor. 92 
Lancaster 93 lljOO 
Chester ^ 92 o]oO 
Flint 105 7 
Denbi|fh 100 11 
Anglesea 00 
Carnarv. 96 
Merionet.102 
Cardigan, 116 
Pembroke 96 
Carmarthl 14 
Qlamorg.113 
CSloficest.116 
Somerset 123 
Monmo. 124 
Devon 114 
Cornwall 107 
Dorset 116 
Hants 114 




legttlttted in Great Britain.^ v 102 

PRICES OF FLOUR, January^: 
Fine per Sack 90/. Seconds 75i. to85f. Bran per Q. Hs. to I7x. PoHard 26s, co30«. 

RETURN of WHEAT, In Mark-Lane, including only from Jan. 13 to Jan. 18 - 
Total 4807 Quarters. ATcrage 108^. 7d.— 4f. 3^, lower than last Rctuiv. 

OATMEAL, per Boll of 1401bs. Avoirdupois, January 18, 50r. 

AVERAGE PRICE of SUGAR, January 22, 45*. fid. per Cwt. 

PRICE OF HOPS, IN THE BOROUGH MARKET, January 27i 



l^cntBags 4^ 0^-. to6/. 0*. Kent Pockets ,5L 0*. to 7/. 7c. 

Sussex Ditto 3/. 15f. to 5/. 12*. Sussex Ditto 4/. 15x. to 6^ Ox. 

iCssex Ditto. 4/. Ox. to 6/. Ox. FamhamDitto 10/. lOx. io 117. Otc 

AVERAGE PRICE OF HAY AND STRAW, January 27 : 
St, James's, Hay ALAOs. Straw 2^ 8x. — Whitechapel, Hay 5^ 8x. Clover 6L I6i. 
Straw 2/. 1 Ix.— Smith6eld, Clover t>/. 5*. Old Hay 5L5i. Straw 21, 12x. 

0MITHFl£Lp, January 27. To sink the Oifal^-^er Scone of Slbs. 



Head of Cattle at Marloit this Day: 
Beasts about 2469. Calves 100; 

iSheep and Lambs 12,300. Pigs 230. 



Beef. ^ 5s, Od,to6s, 4d. 

Mutton..... 5s. Od. to 6x. 0^. 

VeaL.. .«...••»>..•. 6x. OdL to 8x. 4^. 

Pork..MM..'...... m*.5i, od. to 6x. Od. 

COALS; January 27: Newcastle 44x. to 53x. Sunderland OOx. , 
SOAP, Yellow 92x. Mottled 102x. Curd 106x. CANDLES, I3x, per Doz. Moulds 14x. 
TALLOWr pu sums, 8lb. St. James's 4x. 11^ Clare 4f. lid. White chi^l 4x. 84 



[ «S ] 
ftlOGRAPHICAL ACCOUNT OF THE LATE LORD NEITTOK. 



The late Lord Nevdon ^whote death we 
Boticecl in .our last vol. p. 489) was de- 
scended of the Hays of Rannes, ooe of the 
most antient branches of the family of 
B»3r. He wa» born in the year 1747, and 
was calted to the bar in 17C9. He had so 
thorovKhlj^ studied the principles ef the 
profession on which he now entered, that- 
ke used often to say, <* that he was as 
good a Lawyer at that time as he ever was 
at any future period." His strong natu* 
ral abilities, assisted with such preparation 
lior business, |:ouid not fail to attract no- 
lice, atid he l^ecame soop distingui»hpd 
for his acuteness bis learning, and his 
profound knowledge of law. It was re- 
markable of him, that he always appear- 
ed as mui'b versed in the common and, 
daily pravtice of the Court, and even in 
those minute forms that are little known, 
except to the inferior practitioners, as in 
the higher branphes of legal knowledge, 
that are only uuderstood by the greatest 
Lawyers. The great simplicity of charac- 
ter which hr carried with him through the 
whole of life was no where more conspicu- 
ei(S than in his appearances at the bar. 
His pleadings exhibited a plain a(tid fair 
statement of the facts, a profound and ac- 
«iurate exposition of the law, and very 
acute and solid reasonings on both ; but 
there was an entire absence of every thing 
merely ornamental, atid efpecially of 
those little arts by which a 8p<;aker often 
tries to turn the attention of his auditors 
en himself. He seemed full of the catipe 
in which he was engaged, and not a word 
escaped which could lead any one tp ima- 
gine that the thoughts of tlie orator were 
ever turned to his own performance. 
Though his reputation continued always 
to increase, he practised at the bar with- 
«uL obtaining any preferment ti^. the be- 
dnning of the year 1806, when, on the 
Heuth of the late Lord Methven, be was 
. appointed a Judge of the Supreme Court, 
by the Minis'xy of which Mr. Fox was a 
rnembert an«l was the only judge in the 
Court of Session appointed while that 
j^reat statesman was in power; a distinc- 
tion on which he always professed to set a 
high value. Lord Newton's talenti never 
appeared to greater advantage than after 
he took his seat on the bench. As a 
lawyer, the ^opinions he gav« were pro- 
bably never surpassed for their acutencFs, 
discrimination, and solidity ; and> as a 
judge, he now shewed, that all this was , 
the result of f uch a rapid and easy ap|di- 
cation of the principles of law, as appear- 
ed more like the effect of intuititm than, of 
study and laborious exertion. The clear- 
est and most comprehensive view of every 
question seemed naturally to present it* 
^elf ; and his opinion, at tlic same timt 



that they were readtty and decfsiv«1jr 
formed, were considered, by professional 
men, aa being perhaps less liable to error 
than those of any other judge who has ap« 
peered in our time* He was unremitting 
in his exertions ; and it is certain that, for 
his despatch of business, and the correct-* 
ness of his judgment. Lord Ne%^ton has 
been rarely excelled. As to poritical 
principles. Lord Newton was an ardent 
and steady Whig. Owing to the great 
openness and sincerity of his character, 
and the entire absence of the least ap- . 
proach to art or duplicity, he passed 
through a period remarkable for the hosti-^ 
lity which political opinions engendered^ 
with fewer personal enemies than any 
other man equally unreserved in con- 
demning the measures which he thought 
wrong, and equally inflexible in support- 
ing tiiose whidi he thought right. In pri- 
v^e life he was extremely amiable, and 
his social qualities, as well as his great 
worth, endeared him to his friends. < He . 
possessed an extraordinary fund of good 
humour, a disposition extremely playful, . 
gi;eat simplicity of character, with the en- 
tire absence of all vanity and affectation. 
A few peculiarities or little eccentricities 
which be possessed appeared with so good 
a grace, and in the company of so many 
estimable qualities, that they only tended , 
to render him more interesting to hit 
friends.— Lord Newton appeared to pos-r , 
Sess two characters that are but rarely 
united together. Those who saw him only 
on the bench were naturally led to think 
that his whole time and thoughts had, for 
bis whole life, been devoted to the labori- 
ous study of the law. Thote, on the 
other hand, who saw him in the circle of 
his friends, when form and austerity were 
laid aside, could not easily conccire that 
he bad not passed his life in the ititer- 
course of society. With great gentlenest 
and kindness of heart, he had a manly 
and firm mind. He had hardly any feel- ' 
ings of personal danger, and he seemed te 
despise pain, to which he was a good deal 
exposed in the last years of his life. H^ , 
was a man of great bodily strength, and, 
till the latter years of his life, when he 
became very eorpqlent, of great activity. 



Deaths. 

ISII.^T Bombay, in the. East ladi^^, 
^tfg. the Hon. Jonathan Duncan, mai^y 
years Governor of that Presidency j aa 
appointment which he held with great 
credit to hiONielf and advantage to the 
Company. In his public character anid 
private capacity he was highly respected ; 
administering justice with the most «t-. 
tentive care : a judicious mud munificent 

patrpni 



ijhe Mbtir fiiriimliWirt i Mi'. Phihp UdMri, foil dT Mr. t. dnr* 

• J6b. -. l»e«B**i«lMa.«iraM, TaUsB- niKr, BrnM). 

AMGowtlUad, M<l.W|B,C*w. At Briltol, Mn. Oaaia, wido« of ^ 

- ■;&■. aShMhr»;On » w» lwni oac«f, Wie Ms}or-gen. Pntnn 6. ' 

VJulcTUiBi^C itdnl^ tuadcd 4ti1ti Bri1l«(i Ifrs, Anne Wrison, ofHnM. She hail 

[» n ait»a<i»B. tran- IJ tm m <!»imin io»> thb ttie precedia^aTniriig completed h«r13tV 

«*oa»f FsnoDOt, Mr. H. «nKA), a r^- year. 

.qncWileUadw. ofSi. AMM't. At A 

' &tt. S9.- At ItoMltaBiptsD, ahicarely Jaoie* 

»4ienM br •tt oBo boew^ ker, Miry, At R 

jMow of the UaeCMoBflCMrr' !*<»<. •''«>' 

3^'so iBshly 4MiDg«uliM ihimwlf as tqtiare, 
riiMHiiliii- of a* B« jal Ai«lltt7 at the ' v^thotri 

Benunljla meft of OMnllar. Hereon- gioD* d 

^ctttnMgh lifB ai a ^UfUM, a wife, kind ag 

wri a motbei, wai^tniiy c^HtDjilarf ~; and niunei 

the patiance, fixnitBde, aad (nwu cbeeifut- Mr. 

■en, witli wfaiuh ibe Utraared dBMng tbe B. of Pun kihii. 

lut tfariB r««n, under a«i««t painful, Henry Shelley, esq. M. P. forliawei, 

•nd (M ajw MBi iNMAiirare) iiietiraiilH andfennerly ■id«-de.:camp (oaeo.HuUa. 

^wifdcr, KM aiM)b'a« Ilie fcettle pen - In Kartliunilieilaiid-sC'reet, MaryHe. 

which tiacei tiieie lines la unable to do Bonne, Miss Jane Adair, 'daughter of ihn 

jutee to, and aaae4»t a We CfarMian late Patrick &.. eKj. and sitter to lia^f 

«BOldbB>e oabitnisd. Ebe eurvivcd her Bernard. . - 

tmr KHW, tn arf nhmn fbtloiMd tbe pro!- In Oray's I 

fBMB of iboir bllier, ami dkd in bis Mr. Charle^l 

M«}eity'B senioe; and bu left beHiitd her The wjfirol 

too (UvfMen^ tolaiolBt't^ tou rf'the At Hanweli 

bcM aud moil affectional* o* pareBtS. ' Mrs. Anne Ci 

AcU. AocogjhaaBftittuoalf safer- O. esq. and 

MasAo perished in tbe HeraOff'the coat Andm Snap 

■r HaUand, John, tbe aeoawd aoii of Aged 9S, 

Joba Jacob, eK|. af aomtrtoD, vho met Hunts. On I 

with his precaaluredaathia kt»13thyear, a faroarite di 

Mtilit aerving as a 4DidshipMaii : > youth shirald entEr 

of piorniainj abilities, witkraild aad ami- then apparen 

^le iJaJMer*. breathed her 

iMttnthe Tncel, Sot.'WM. Hoblyn were both iir 

JjAe, M. A. chaplain to bia Majesty's onegrave- 

alMB SL George„aBd Mlow of Wadham InNorl 

college, Oxford. ' Dimoud, 

Jkt. !7. -Aged 96, D. Pthw, late far. tiait, and 

BerafB»niy*[|iB, nearBaaitly. Here- ner, esq. 

tallied bis faculties entire, and wai'neTer city and . 

hi PI lit r cetoi^LaJo of.ia^BpMlioa :- it wbs ' a tih>od-T 

ody fat a fe« days before hit death be ciiuseofl 

waeoblispd. ovingtodebility, to kee|> his irhicii a« 

bed. He served a> pipv .to- Simon Lord whilst hi, 

Lorat, and rougl]tattbB'tiittl»«rFaHiirk inrrbundi 

mi CullialM.. Tbe Hon, A. FiaSer of Skilful m 

l*»at, desimH to alioir erery mark of bbluined, 

nipect to an old and feitbful senan^ ed; but I 

ordered indi bis pipers to aooanpanythe endofeij 

tmeni, on tbe 30th, ptayiag a moaroful brightest 

Age, totbeptoceaf interrnenl at Kirfc- iiriio nevi 

bill; be alio sOot tt> the Mnying-groand injured a 

a *^r of goad ni|Maiid<vtai«ky, Wthe ttoond ira 

nfnalnamt tt Kbosa <•<» atuaded tbi Bnrtbl ( 

insBl, leoanJivtutMNildauttMadfiSA auspices 

dan. iJrurv L 

18M. JBn.1.<AMa''71,'.Ft«WM, «ife 
sfBfK.'rbiia.Hbi^fe. 



Oktrr. Has. Jamiarf, 1318. 

12 



90 tAituany; mth Aiuedotp i^f reiMrkahle fersi>fi§. [Jtt. 

^jGannck: in aeting, he atwayf topied -wofth and domestic ▼irt«e>«CiiTbiiYtd43r 

'^Kature, and always reached the heart, tiie 9tb, the remains of thip^ lamented 

Fosiessing a sound judgment, an \instn- gentleman were deposited dose to ihm 

died gra^ulnjMS of action, and aryoice tomb of Qum in the Abbey Churchy where 
modulated with the finest harmon^' Mr. ' but two Sundays befi^ he had in the most 

'l)hnondoGrtainly approached as near to perfect health attended divine service, and 

the transcendent abilities of his great pre- received the sacrament with the Corpor»- 

eeptor as any performer who ever adorned tiou. The Theatre was closed, and all 

'the stage; but, naturally desirous of ob- thep^oirmers and servants attached tm 

^^ining Opportunities of appearing before the establishment went into deep mourn* 

'the pubfick more frequently th^n at that iug, as a sincere testimongr of respect t» 

period could be allotted to, -a young per* one who had ever blended the kindnest 

former at Drury Lane, he, in 1774, ac- of a friend with the duties of a master, 

depted a short and valuable engagement t^be deep and unaffected sorrow expressed 

&t Bath ; but the marked and gratifying by the nmaerouS crowds of spectators ais 

reception which he there met with, both their '* dead favourite *\ was borne in . 

In public and in private; soon induced silence to his last sad home spoke at once 

him td prefer to the metropolis a city in the worth of the deceased, and the feelings 

which he afterwards centered all his hap- of the survivors.— tPeace to his shade! 

pinessr and where posthumous regret will and may 

long record his living worth. About '* Goodness and he fill up one monument!'' 
twelve years sin9e, while yet in the xenith Jen. 3. In WeynMHith.street, Mrs. Caff 

of popularity, be bade adieu to the stage, raline Armstrdng, widow of the late Gea* 

and quitted the management of the Then- Bigoe A. 

'tr<^ fot the unitaterrupted enjoyment of In Somerset-place, suddenly, John Ro* 

domestic life.— Mr. Dimond's manners hinson Pearson, es<|. secretary of the Lot* 

were the most gentl6manly and unassumr tery office. He was much esteemed ; and 

Ing ; his disposition the most anpiable and was well known in the streets of London by 

cheevful : afiection for his fiimily, and an enormous wen on his neck, 
'btnetolence to all mankind, constituted In Keppel-street^ RusseU-square, Johft 

the greatest happiness of his life. When- Munro, esq. 

ever imperious regard to public example In his 20th year, James, youngest son 

compelled hini ta. an act of apparent of Mr. John Northcote, of the Customs, 
harshness, his hand was sure in secret to At Kempston-house, Bedfordshire, Mrsw 

obey the dictates of his hearty and admi- Jane Adams, niece of tbe.late Rev. £dw. 

nister a balm to the wound he had before Ellis, formerly rector of Leke, Notts, 
isnwilliugly inflicted. Through the whole At Broxboume, Herts, aged 77, Mrt» 

, 'of his faoai illness, his sole uneasiness ap- Elizabeth Tavemer. 
jieared to he lest his family sbo^ld think In her 70th year, the wife of Mr* W. 

he suffered : his dying moments were but Bowen, of the Hill, near Westhitryy 

^he epitome of his life i the tenderestcba- Salop. 

jrities of the man, and the firmest resig- Miss D. Oliver, daughter of Mrs^ O. 

nation .of the. Christian, adorned him to Oswestry. 

Iche last, when, with a gentle sigh, he . In his 76th year, at his ipansioQ-home 

resigned to Heaven that breath which had at Chesterton, near Bridgnorth, Tbomaa 

ibever been known to give utterance U one Bache, gent. 

Unkind expression. DimoAd, like Oarrick, Jan*^, John Hilton, esq. Ironmonger 

#as attacked on Cbiristmas eve, and both lane. 

died in the same month at the age of 62 ! At Sir W. Curtis's, Soutbgate, aged 6% 

w-The life and death of Mr. Dimond exhi- Mrs. Sarah Roberts. 
]bit a memorable confirmation of the truth In Bruceegrove, Tottenham, John 

;jbf Dr. Blair's assertions, that the basis of Smith, esq. late of Kewgate*stmt, for* 

jk lasting reputation is laid in moral worth ; merly one of the Common-council of Far" 

that unaffected piety, coigpioed with invior riogdon Ward Within, 
lable uprightness mnd inugrity in con- At Enfield, Middlesex, Bicknell Coneyi 

duct, command a degree of respect which esq, a director of the Bank of England, nnd 

apprqmches to veneration; that candour for more than 50 years an eminent mer* 

'and fairness never fail to attract esteem chant in LeadenhalUstreet. 
'nttdlrust ; and that kindness and benevo- At Tittleshall, Norfolk, shot by his bro* 

letlce coliciliate love, and create warm ther's gun accidentally gomg oit >^ '^^ 

l^l<Nidiihips.— On the Sunday following his stantly expired, Charles, ymu^rionoC 

Remise, an enlightenef and truly worthy Rev. Dixon noste. 
Diviiie (the^Rev. Dr. Tomkyns), in an At Somerton, Oxon, aged 9$, Mr. JP. 

, eloquent and impressive sermon, most Gibbs, lateofBliswoith,cq^Noithaaiploa» 

.feelingly alhided to the melancholy event. Of a decline, in her. 36th year, Jane, 

and pointed Out the charac&r of Mr. Pr-^ wife of Mr. Quartley, priolar^ ttieptoA 

mondasan ^xaoiplc to focitty ofpuhlig Malltt. ^^ ■ . 

'^ ' • -At 



.18^12.] Oliimry; with Anecdotes tfrnmrhAkPersmf. 9^1! 



At Porttea« ag«d 80, Mrs. Baldy, wi- 
dov of the late Mr. B., matter rope-maker 
at Plymiouth Dock-yard. Mr. B^ was 
formerly foreman of the rope-makert ili 
llie Dock-yard, INirtflmouth ; and wax the 
means of Jnek the Bainttr beiuf taklin,' 
who at that time had set fire to ihe hemp 
and rope-house. The incendiary had 
asked Mr. B; some trifling ques^ons, who 
on that account was indaoed to notioe 
him ; and from Mr.^B.'s description of the 
man he ifas taken. ' Mr. B, received his 
promotion in consequence. 

Afed 86, Rer., Wm. Brereton,' rector 
ef Cottesmore, eo. nattand, and of Pick- 
wHI, CO. Leicester, and canon residentia'^ 
ry of Lichfield eathedraU He was for- 
merly of King's college, Camhridge i 
A.B. 1749; A. M. 1*753. 

The wife of Mr. Zaehariah Puker, of 
HoUy-ball, near Dudley. 

Mu 5. Mr. Durid Taylor^ of the firm 
ofSangster, AtkhMoft, and Taylor, Milk-. 



At PentonriHe, in her 88th year, Sarah* 
relict of John Joshua Pirn, esq. 

At Peckham, aged 39, Elizabeth, wifo 
of Joseph Delalbns. 

At B!en«higton, aged 33, Mr.. J. Hellins 

Ifeaiding, of the Globe Insurance oAce; 

^U-MaU'; a young man of great talents 

and integrity. 

~ At Stanmoffe, Thomas Oomerford, esq. 

At Sydenham, aged 36, the wife of H. 
C6bb, esq. 

At East Beri^olt Lodge, Suffolk, Adou 
Sir Rich. Hogbe^, hart. . . 

In his 55th year, Mr. Thomas Parrott, 
an opulent fiurmer of Wottottr^ Bucks. • 

In Bath, in his 62d. year, Stephen, 
Welch, esq. &ther-in-law of Dc Fletcher, 
•f£bworth. 

At Bath, in his 68th year, W.Shnte, esq. 

At Longnor-hall, Salop, the wife of Rev. 
Archdeacon Corbett. 

Jan, 6. Henry Rosser, esq. solidtor, 
Bartlett's-huildiags ; eminently , distin- 
guished M his professional abilities and 
integrity, in the exercise of which he had 
been actirely engaged for nearly half a 
ctntory. 

At Walworth, in his 67th year, Mr.Chas. 
SaUas.-iii— fn his <70th year, Mr. Thos. 
Knight 

At Margate, Mr. Eyies, late of Bams- 
bury, Wilts. 

Ajlped 19, Mr. Thos. Jessop, of Hecking- 
ton i and on the 12th, aged 71, his widow. 

At Edinburgh, in his 39ih year, Wm. 
Jackson, esq. solicitor of Excise for Soot- 
land. 

Jan: 7. At Datchet, aged 58, Miss Scott, 
aunt of Lord Montague, Oitton Park. 

At Downham MaHi<st, Norf. Mr. Thos.. 
Wright, draper, who by honest industry 
had aecumulatedTery handsome property. 

Aged 88, Mr. Wm. BG^^oft, of Alford; 



and on the lltfa, aged 88, his wid^^ Mirs. 
B They had been married 66 years, an^ 
were the parents of Messrs. B. of Boston. 
Geo. Hughes, esq. late collector oC 
Customs, at\yisbeach. 

Jan, 8. Fanny Laseelles Jenner, daugh« 
ter of H. Jenner, LL. D. 

At his brother's. Stepney, T. King^ esq., 
of the Orduanee Office. 

At Rotherhithe, aged 75^ Richard Ad-. 
dams, esq. 

At Kensington, in her 77th year, Mrs*. 
Eliz. Wicks, late of Herton, Middlesex. 

At Ashurst-place, Northfleet; Kcqt,. 
Isaac LefeTre, esq. 

^denly, Mr. W. Galc«tt» bookBeller, 
Oxrord ; deservedly esteemed for bis uni- 
form punctuality and integrity. 

At Harant, Hants, )iged 77, Ret. J. 
Soett, rector of Hamble, and uncle to thf 
Counters of Oxford. 

In his 78th year, J. Alltnson, esq. of 
Holgate, York. 

Jan, 9. At her brother's (Mr. Musgrare^ . 
Ely.place), aged 86, Miss Eliz. Thomp« 
Jon, of Newark^ Notts. 

After a long illness, in his 82d year»^ 
Frederic, fourth son of John S. Harford,' 
esq. Bristol. 

Jan, 10. At Wolverhampton, aged 35,^ 
after an illness of 18 months, EKtabeth, 
wife of Mr. Thomas Simpson, bookseller. 

Suddenly,, aged 67, Elizabeth, wife of 
Rev. Marmaduku Bannister, perpetual 
purate of Triag, Herts. 

At Midhurst, in Sussex, aged 79, Hon^ 
Mrs. Clementina Radclyife, aunt to the 
present Earl of Newburgh. 

At Cheltenham, Mr. ' Thomas Sottir/ 
stone-mason, formerly of Ch^rltoin Kings.* 
His life was amiable ; his death sucha^- 
true Christians only attain, possessing ihe^ 
tranquillity emanating from a<|Mifteoii^' 
science. He has left his property to hia^ 
only surviving niece, the wife of Robert .. 
Finch, esq. merchant, Great Tower-«treet» 
At Bath, Mary, wife of W; Wood Waw. 
son, esq. of Dulwich-hill. i ." ' • 

Samuel Maltby, esq. of SbeHoiir a6ar 
Newark, Notts. 

Mr. Jonas Howard, many years master > 
and ship-owner, Hull, but latteri]^ a pilot 
in the Royal Navy, 

Jaa.ll. In Qrosvenor-plaee, Mrs. Mo^ 
Ogtlby, of Dungivee, co. Londoncten;y. 

At J. Dale's, esq. Hatton-gardeii, Bkur** 

riet, youngest daughter of the late F* 

Smythies, esq. of Colchester. ' 

At Pimlico, Mr. O. Elsworth, 18 yeari 

one of the King's messcngeirs. 

At Knightsbridge-gr^n, after a Iiafer««^ 
iog illness, Mrs. Hansard. > 

Thomas, youngest son of Rer. Ricb^* 

Jones, rector of Cbiiirfleld, oo. OUraoester.* 

Aged 80, Mr.Stephen Batt, of Warwick.: 

Aged 104,' Anne Morris, the oldest in-^ 

habitaatofSt. James's parish, Bath* . •« 

4 



99 Obituary f mth Jn^cdofes ^ rmifrk^bl^ p€r$mx ' \im^ 

^kk WQtl in g h m n » aved 68, Ifir. Riebafd Bi HoUinjifwortbi ma^ QuiMnptiq^rt, 

Woo^,.ibnmrly>af^omcer intbf Bxcim WiMtninster. . . 

at Tickhilt^ f»th«r of Mr. W. coac^-pro- In the Neir-road, ^«d 6^, Iff^^olp 

iirietor, Dooeast^r. • SchVeit^er, ^ naUfQ of G«nn#]r, i^g| 

At the palace of Dallpnlh, his gr^ca for many years a epp^Meral>W :^ 

Hmry SooUy Puke of Bucoleofb and Cork -street, feurUDg^o-gardeiis. 



Queensberry ; Marquis of Dumfriesbira^ was distipguisbed by exemplary p iN ty 

Eari of Dalkeith,^ Saaqueoar,. and Ovum- imd uniform benevolence. , ; .. 

ianrig; Viscount Nitb, Torthowald, and to his 73d year, Mr. Tbos. mslafi^ttf 

Middi^bie, and Domock ; also Ear) of Islington} purderyman. • ^ 

Ik>ncaster and Lord Tyn^dale in England, At Paddington- green, in bis ^tb yifta«V 

KQigbtofib«:0|iriv; Lord lieutenant of Jc^bn Cbamberlayne, esq. < 

ihe Countieaqf£diaburgb and Roxburgh- At Epping, aged 77, Sir ThpflRes Q(^c* 

sbic^a^ Governor of the Royal Bank of bead, formedy M.. P. for Brannb#t> ; 

Scotland, &c. He was born in 1746; (be . At Caaterbary, CapL tnniqttq, Isl 

ef aon of ^niacia^I of Dalkeith, by loyal dragoons* • » . . 

}y parolina Campbffll, eldest daoghtey At Fawler, Oxon^ Mc. Wi^pq, ^ re? 

«fJohn, tbf gse^t Dukeof Argyle; hxA ^pect^e fnirmer. -^ 1 

fBC^^ed bis grai^dlatber in 1752. la In her 78>th ye.ar, Mn^ A^dewipb TflUot 

V7$7i* b'S (abrace married Elizabeth Mon- of the Ute Thomas Ald^ripn, esq» ^^Ifynn, 

tagu, only daughter of the la^ Duke of Norfolk. 

^Aoptagu, by «bonq be has issae, Cfaaries Mr. Barns» sehoolaubiter, . ii^i 



William, now Duke of Bufscleugb and rough, ro. lanool^. 

Queesisberry, aai^ J^eary Jafpne», Lord At Etstoo, near Newark, Mr. Mi^tlooki 

afoptasu,. and four 4suj^hter^, visr. thtf piany years mafiter o&the fro^^wtb^U 

Countess of Courtown, Cooi^ass of ^n* Found literaUy biVDt t^ ^ cio44ri tb^ 

^m* Countess of Heae, and Lady DtHig- 1^^ of Mr. Colcloi][gb» obai^er, I^^in. 

^aj.nll of frbocd have families..' Hei$ She was a handsome wQWwn,- betw^on 30 

succeeded in bis titles and estates by hit and 40 yeafs^ of agt»} «^ possesie4 ^ 

^l|le»S9a, Charlies Williswi, £ai^ of Dal- pnor^ than ordioayy sbave of in(«t^ui4 

rl, f;ho married ilowriat, duoghter of endow«ie|it« \t if^ coi^ectufe^ tti«t tW 

late VtS9» Sidney, 9mA hat several back of her clothes caught Qse firatt MM 

^Idriii. i|if Grape succeeded 4t an that sbe fainted eiitlier through frigid or 

4trly aff t^ a princely fortune, wbtcb s.uff^tcation. ^ 

gave him the mean^ of ii<dulfiag bifinatii-. Mr. Pieter Moulton, dnver f<^ the lasl 

idA ^pQfition 4b,publie spirit and private 16 years to tbe Sudbtfry coa«b ; va^ooted > ^ 

Hiimt^iJ.t tf wli^b porpoHSi a€«0!r<lingiy» by the publick ^r his civility and at^i^oiffe 

s ooBsiderable pa^t of k«r «n«i«tto foods aad by his aispliQiyeis for bis . fidelity. 

nffn kOQrwa <• b^ applied* Bs leas isx- Jsm. 13. Ia,Wes«-«quat«^ Jas. I^dg^i^ 

qtediiNlly ai(iM« in.bit aiannarfti^and jsui. esq. 

^at deservff t» be r? oorded of a person , Jn hi# 1.5th year, Cbarifs Weqtowor^ 

99 granldy cssaltcrd both in raab ted lor- Watson, oadet, son of ThomM W« ^s^ 

tDPe^mift^tniMraUlyaaoesMbloto the poor. M^ D. ariA third son^ift tbo Uoiv Bast 

41 a landlas^ ^is liberality was f«U India Company's service. 

l|9«srni be afM«ssy of aooest, and al<r Mrs. Gilbert, of Bvington Lodgf^ e«i 

^V^yiieady'tD t4it a»a«li^ pfrtin'aay Leicester.. 

jnb69)##flrQ9V0lenceaBdbiHQnamty. He At Wbaplode Drove, co Lincoln, afs4 

possessed great poiUticg I iaiaeaoe. 87^ Mite Pbenix» who wasbli^d tbe last 

FoiMnidroirAed under the ivs, in XM- tbn yeAr^ 

dingstone Locb, Edinburgh, aged about Jiaik ]f4* Smddienly, in abackney coacfe^ 

IA» Mr. Akwundar StaaA, many; ye^rs which was conveying him to tb^ Whit* 

proprietor of tba steal-y^cd^ Can^ewayu Horse oslllar, Piocadilly, in >prder to bis 

tide. Hd bad been for tfmxt yesfirs m a cetuming ^one by the Batb. maiW Mn 

«]tipenuoiiilgM Mate* under tbe oare of Mitchell, who kept an inn near B»^b* 

his re>atHNHl> fronwbpm be bad wandered On the eoacbman «iTi!^.g *^ ^^f bptel, 

on. the 9tll insL audit is supposed he bad^ medical assistance was sent fm\ but tbtf 

Men bi f tbe Lofb in tb^ dnrk. He was spark of life was gone. Mr. M. cnmn to 

discovered in an ^eot posture, and bad town a few days ago to article ono of bin 

fpnie s<smttii9S on th^ handlB and face, ap- sans to an attorney* 

par^ntlyrecdved in fttrngglingtio extricate Aged dp^ Mrs. Jones, relict of Morrit 

bHnMlix J. esq. ofLower Belgrave-place. 

Jm. 18. Jn CfanrlotlehStreH, of a lin. At Wiechest^r* in his 70th year« Mr. 

furifig 9mdi painCbi disnaae, borne like a George Feacbem, one of the oldest freoi* 

i9an.and(<-ioldier, Q«n» Sir Jnmes.Henry men of that city. Mr. Fea.eh«;m succeed- 

Ctiaig^:^ S. brte ^veiDor^in-ebief of ed tbe late James Randidl, esq. of St ' 

Brit isbNortJr Amnion; governor of 9iack- Cross, as father of tbe charitabli societyt 

ness Cattln'i indroolonnl of the 78tk lopt of Gentletn^ Aliens, and fior ^nmy yean 

distin- 



iftI9.] ObituMyit wih Jn^daks ^ remarkable Ptrson$. »^ 



•kipp^Hn' •£ ^ftfc oailtt iiMlttiatiMi* 
Oft Asktea* BHfrBripUiliy of ascarltt 

lkiiir»« ioilii' Philip jrotegflst leiMKf.Saoi. 

Oftrti — ty es^ df OioHibalAo4ge« Oxoo. 
At aitfloii^af^^dPfliiriiti^ftfM «^ Char. 

lolte; tte acGMttpttilied^ fedft bcautifial 

^WgMer of Aditti Geo. MoaUigUk 



fed hiskBis vhh paeulUur're^i^ Th* 
woithjr •p«H'» wh9 fitqn^ady |Mirto«kt of 
Jiis tuKMtetitittio«» bodnti^, will .shedl tl|B 
t^sr of •yinpaclif at Hie death of a imn 
wliote heart ^rea tuseeiitihie oi^ the finagt 
f(tetiogs bf beiieroleiiee. 

At Istiagtod, in his ^9th yeafj^Blr* 8ltf- 
Teiitdn Pepyt , ivho waa for a conaMerablfc 



A» Ittdgay, ReiU J«)hA Ive»; reactor of time a Clerfeia the Baoik; aad'fiwthe iMt 
GrMk Hol^uid, Bimx, ricar of St^ Afar^ throe jFean baa beea Chi^r0bwajrd«ti< of 
|ftietfir# S«ffi»lk,«Ml diapUiatb Use Dhke iaUngCoa, where |ie wat much ttt^fintjl 

for his probity and pbilantkropjr. 

At Dulwieb, aged 73, Mrs. WUIes. Vhm 
remfiins weie iaiened on the 3dd iost^ i«t 
.Westminster^abb^f in the {Mriyate vhult 
of ber deceased Tenerabie uiic)e» Dr»*Jqi, 
Wilcocluy Bisfaopof itooheaker, and Deam 
of Westminster, (whose good son alao^ the 
author of <' Sacred EaeroiKs," god other 
piovs and leained works, was buried ib 4|ia 
same grave.) Mrs; W< wiM the oaljr •»»> 
viriog branch of this most truly beaevo^ 
lent apd worthy family; iiketbemk dl#> 
lU 'WiiBpale^strvet, aged 15^ ,Henry ^aguisbed by every sacial and Cbriiliatt 



mt Mil lilllji 

eiriBffiotiB. 

. , M Wsiliifgtev, Hamfe, a fortnight after 
tiwdMtfi of bis^ wife; fColonel^ R. PaUon, 
h«i |e?embr of St. Hetenai 

At Emovtht in his JSth year, S. Fea* 
tOHBcyirke, esq* 

* At Glasgow, bwttt to death, supposed 
to ha^re fsdleo asleep by the fire«side, M; 
Wrigbi^ tfeherilhioffi^. , 

J^H. i% Atherfether'6 (Heary Figeo», 
esif.) in beriSath year, Suaao, wife df Joba 
Alleff Sb«|tery esq. of OasBsford-Lstreet. 



Pitotoa, iest|. a native of Winchestes, which 
be n)|)r«seated in ser^ral svoeessire Par- 
liMieflSs, till^his inercosing yaars rendered 
kiia iacapaMe of diso hwgiilg bi^senatoriai 
dQtifs. 

Ar MiH^d*h&ll, Snfiblk, Sir Horry 
P&rber, hart' 

• At Wells, G^. I«ax, esq. sen. an enii« 
itatSeUcitoi^ and nkemberof tbe corpora- 

tiOD. 

A« Ifbraoagtie, i%«d 80, tf rs. Prlsfaney. 

• AtlbsttM^ CMnge, CO. Leicester, Mr. 
Oeorge Thirty, fhraier and grtzicr. 

Aged 42, Tbot. Oface Smith, esq. of 
litttsaell. 

Tbtowa froJBk his curriole ia Helkcr- 
|Mui(, Ljincathire, returmn^ i'km a shoot- 
■i^^exoursioa hi cdmpany with a younger 
mier, and his late tutor, agfed *2d. Col. 
Win. Cavendish, M. P« for tkerby, eldest 
ioaof LordGeo* Heitfy C. aad coasin to* 



virtue that can adorn the huiahn heart. 

At Lynn, Mn Ljrm, tayior. itis dsAtli 
was.oocasioued by soma pertfMi>. for J0Ka^ 
putting gunpowder in his'tebaoco; tha 
ptp^ in vonseqneaee eaploded, and th« 
fragments entering the roaf of his mooth« 
baitsed instant diath! He baft left IS* 
children. 

Aged 88, Mrs. Seaman, <rf Middlewieh^ 
Cheshire. 

' The wife of John CaldecjOtk, esq« of 
Holbrook Gitmge, nttar Baigby, ^tAy da*. 
of the late ^t, Alderman Sutton, of 
Leicester. 

. Jan. 17. At .Islington, agedr74. Me* 
pDoie, father of Mrs. Dickoaa^ of the Ly- 
ceum Theatre. 

Aged 51, ^r. James Lenpriere, of 
Kennington«laae* 

Ja». Esdaile, esq. of Upaunstet, Essex. 

Aged 67, Mr. John Coppock, wOfker of 



the duke of Devonshire. He pitched on ^ the stone pits at HeadingtonQnanry, Oaam* 

1^ head, tad never spo^ afterwards. A Jan. 18. MisaMilnes, eldest daughter 

lewyckrs ^so he married the eldest daugh* of the late R. P. M. esq. M. P. for York» 

ter of Lord Liemore, by whom he has left and sister to the present monbar lor Pimi~ 

thcee^tf fiooc children. tefract 

AtJCilmore, co. Kerry, Mrs. Usher, re- At Kssex-house, Essey-street, aged 72, 

Hct of the late E. U. esq. and sister of Mrs. Lindsey, relict of the late Reir.Theo- 

, Lord Vcntry. ' ' , - ' pbilus L, , 

Jaiu 16. In Conduit-street, Hahover- tn bis 69th year, Mr. John Porkis; #f 

square, of a paralytic stroke, in his 60th Chancery-lane, .oilman, 

year, .llios. Owen, esq. This gentleman In Grimsthorpe?park, in eotiseqnence 

sporopriated a ten& part ofhis' consider- ef his horse rearing and felling badcwaidi 

able proper^ to pubfio and private cha- dn him on the 16th inst. Mr. Stdel, of 

^y. it was his peculiar delight to soothe ScottletRorpe, co. Lincoln. 

Wl anisyiatfe the disti^ses of his fellow Jan. 19. At her father^. Dr. John Sims* 

^eati^res. He evmc^ his firm friendship Up|>er Guildford-street, Anne Mari^ wife 

|o the estiAliahed religion of his country of Edward Trent Bontein, esq. # 

oy^aq uniform Attention to its ordinances'. In consequence of ber clothes. catdhing 

from a natural diffidence ^emper he led ^re on the 17th inst aged 73, the wife of 

^retired bfe^ but bis hospitable tab la Josiah Holford, esq.of i^aikipstead. 

tras ever t^piei^ to a few clerical friends. At Hackney, aged; 74» the wife oCMr* 

flxo esteeibed bim Wheii liVmg» and wiU Wm. I^eeys. 

J« 



10* Ifebrew Literature. — Meteorological Journal. (Feb. 



cannot but consider the above oinis- h$f our two Univ^rHUcBy and the 

sion as a matter of the highest im- flcial effectt will quickfy he felt, ai the 

p< rtance and of the deepest regret, remotest bounds of the British 4&mi* 

Let Divinity in. all its branches be nions. 
peculiarly patronized and rewarded Yoari, &ۥ Oxon ibksib* 



A METEOROLOGICAL JOURNAL, kepi at Clapton, in Hacknef. 





Thermometer. 1 


Barometer. { 


Evap. 


f 


Pay of 










lOOths 


Wind. 










Month. 


Max. 


Mill. 


Max. 


Min. 


of inch. 




Jan, 21 


36 


30 


29-80 


29-83 


... 


N. 


• 22 


38 


50 


59-82 


29-80 


m^^ 


N. N. W. 


23 


38 


29 


30.05 


29-95 


V «^„ 


N. e: 


24 


34 


27 


30-13 


30-10 


^. 


N.W. 


23 




/ 






^^ 


w. 


26 


45 


31 


• 30-10 


30-08 


— . 


w. 


27 


47 


44 


30 04 


29-89 


1 — 


s. w. 


28 


43 


36 


29-85 


29-69 


— 


S. S. \V » 


29 


45 


41 


29-39 


29-15 


> 


Sw W. 


30 


49 


33 


29-48 


29-35 


•45 


, s. w. 


31 






29-78 




■— 


s. s. w. 


/Vi. 1 






f 




— 


S.W. 


2 






1 


\ 


— 


s. w. 


3 










— 


s. 


4 


46 


42 


29-52 


29 36 


— — 


S.W. 


5 


49 


40 


29-55 


29M5 


•15 


s. 


6 


47 


35 


29-74 


29-45 


— 


N. E. 


n 


46 • 


35 


29-92 


29 70. 


— 


V» .••— S. Yfm 


a 


42 


26 


29-80 


29-63 


— . 


K. E. 


9 


44 


37 


30-'j0 


29-98 


— 


W.— N. W. 


10 


42 


28 


29-94 


29-86 


>— 


S,— — S. Iii. 


11 


44 


40 


29 85 


29-72 


—. 


E.— -S, Vi • 


12 


49 


38 


29-55 


29-32 


— 


& w. 


13 


48 


34 


29-80 


29-36 


•20 


w. 


14 


48 


36 


29-52 


29-45 


,-m. 


S.W.-N.W. 


15 


40 


39 


29-63 




— 


W. 


16 


50 


44 


29-70 


29-60 


— . 


S. W. 


17 


51 


40 


2960 


29-55 


>— . 


S. W. 


18 


47 


36 


50-08 


29-90 


~~ 


N.W. 


19 


51 


32 


30-10 


30-09 


— 


s. w.— s. 


20 


51 


40 


29-99 


29-90 


-^— 


S. £.— ^* 



Jm. 21. Some Cirrh fair da jr. 22. Cloady. 23. Fair. 24. Cloudy, then fair;'' 
.' a fine coloured Halo Discoides observed at Walthainstow. 25. Foggy and calm. 
26. Fog.?y, then clear sky, and misty horizon. 27. Hazy morning, windy night. 
Corona Lunaru followed by Halo Lunaris. 28. Wind and various clouds. 29. 

Fair, then wind and rain ; Cirri much coloured before sunrise. 30. Sun and mist, 
then showiTs. 31. Cloudy, calm, and hazy. 
Seb. 1. Pair with much cloud. 2 Fair, various CirrocitmuU and Cumuli, wind highest 
try night witli some rain. 3. Fair morning, dark rainy night. 4 to 16. Weathar 
extremely changeable, scarcely any day was fine throughout, the different modiica- 
tions continitally presented themselves, and the wind frequently was high. 17. 

Various clouds and showers, wind very high at night. 18. Fair. 19. Clouded 
and windy, clear night. 20 Clear day, with various modifications; at ni^ht a 
coloured double lunar Corona appeared, at other times a simple one. 

Several small meteors, or falling stars, have been seen of late, which I have omitted 
to mention above, as they are very frequent occurrences, and were only of the com- 
mon kind. To me it appears, that o/ small igneous meieors, there are three principal 
varieties; the pecnlianiies in each of which are connected with cert h u '^nperceived 
varieties in the state of the atmosphere : they may be divided into tht common little 
stellar meteors, the brilliant meteors, onti the caudate meteors ; of these 1 shall endeavour 
to treat more largely in my next communication. 

Clapton, February 21, 1812: THOMAS FORSTER. 

Mr. 
*t* RiCHMONDjENSis IS received. 



w 



1812.] Rieraulx Abbey. — Bp. Atterbury. — On Sound. 105 



Mr. Urban, Nov. 4. 

I HAD an opportunity, during the 
laCit'^MiifierV'O^-tMtfig 4be &l^ 
monaslie rtti6§ of'RievaQtX'ia Yorle- 
shire, »d eai>^eartestim6liy tb^ thb 
accofacjof the deccripti^n giTen in 
the Sapplemefit^ttf.the First Patt'of 
your Vol. LXXX. I beg leave to 
•send joo a^ I>rawttig, repres^tiog the 
North^eait X^w of the Aftbej. 
YiGan^&c, . J. C.B* 

• Mn-UftBAT?, • Feb A. 

ITAKE th0 earHesl opportunity 
of corretttflg a preiimiiwiry error 
in my last comliiuiiieatioo ;. wbich 
doefi iSotv however, r^sder it U^ io-. 
-trinsically valaablei - ► 

Th6 Letter of Bf^ AUer^ry bad 
been printed in the {ttoWvSry scarce) 
Fifth Volume of that Ieaitie#Prelatc^« 
'*'\ Epistolary Correspondence, 1798,'* 
^. 175-. Mr. Taylor, to wbom it is 
'ieddressed, was Clerk to Bridewell 
Bospkal ; and was the .Bishop's 
:^iicil«ir at his Trial. The reqcrest 
liras in ilsek* so reasonable, that the 
^overnn^ent would searcely have r^- 
*4bsed'it ; hut the death of the Bishop, 
in the February following, pot au 
-^nd to the negotialioii. The estate 
*%as at Great I^ughton in Northamp- 
•tousbire; and worth 400/.- a year, 
^t was afterwards claimed and^ ob- 
tained by the Bisbop/s son ; by ^hom 
it was disposed of previous to his 
"enteriug into orders, aud obtaining 
'ihe rectory of Oxhill in Warwick- 
Jvhirp. 1 

A At Stourhead is a fine picture' df' 
>lbe Prophet Elijah rahilttgf^^the dead 
;*Chikl to iifo, by Renpbrandt, which 
""wasTgiten to Mr. Hdare Jv Bishop 
Atterbory. 1 1 has been'eiigfSffed by 
EaHqm. M-Griten. 

A Series of Letters on AcotSTics, 
addressed lo Mr. ALEXANDEii,i>«r- 
Jtam IPlace, /Vest Hackneif. 

Sift, LETTER 11/ 

THE following Letter twII Contain 
d^servaUuns^ni the Nature and 
CaoBes of Sound; the best 1 have 
been able to collect from a- variety of 
authors* 

•*5?oand i* the cause of sensation 
we experience, when ,certain bodies 
called sonorous bodk» 'vrbrate^ and 
cumniuuicate>liieir tremulous niotifons 
to 4he'atfl)usphe're .around us. Or to 
Gem»: MAfe. Ftkruarif^^X^li. 

2 



any other body in contact with our 
ear. The ear, behig affected by this 
^motioo, transmits the impression to 
thfe 1)rain. In this manhct we exer- 
cisie the sen*e of hearing,?.* 
- ' '^ Upon exafniniug the organs 'of 
hearing," say^ Mr. Cuvier, »^ iii all 
animals in which that sense has been 
discovered, the only 'part constantly 
existing b a gelatinous pulp, which is 
'covered by a fine dastic membrane* 
and in trhich the rarhihcatidns of the 
auditory are lost: this pulp fills the 
labyrinth in alt species from man to 
the cuttle-fish.'* 
' • " We may .form a very natural idea 
of the connexion of this substance 
with thiB "external movements which 
are the cau^ of sound : this quiver- 
ing jelly will receive, with facility, 
the concussion transmilletl to it by 
the vibritrons of spnorous bodies, 
and com'monicaie them to the brain. 
Thus far the rtiotiori can be traced: 
but the process lyhich is aftexwardi 
necessary to produce pecceptioji es- 
;caj[>es the anatomist as well as the 
metanhyiician." 

Of Sound in general, 

" All sound, then, is made by mo- 
tion, by s6me body being struck, and 
communicatitfg^its tremalous motions 
to the air. Thai sound may he pro- 
pagated and carried on to a dist.uice, 
it req^uires a medium to pass; and this 
medium is,* in general, the air.'* 
_ . " Soond; when it "meets with no ob- 
stacle, passes in a sphere; of which 
the sonorous body rs at the centre." 

This may be made plainer by the 
foljowing illUstiation.. Let us sup- 
Tiose a sonorous body hi a state of 
vibration, and causing particles of 
-ajr to vibrate; the botfy its^^If no 
bigger than a pea, and nioit in the 
•air : and the pnrticles of air adjacent 
to the sonorous body cotninuaicating 
their motion to the adjacent particles, 
till the wlH)le particles in motion 
were eqiial to a giobe of a. mile diame^ 
ter; then Would the sound be heardj 
in every directioii, at the distance of i- 
half the diariretier^ that is, half a mile 
from the centre of the sonorous body, 
represented by the pea. 

" Soinid is driven, in all directions,^ 
says Mi-. Adams, ** baclcwards and 
forwards, upward^ and downwards, 
and on every side: thejjulses go oa 
succeeding each other, but one with« 
-out— outside the- other in cott'ceptrfe 

shellij, 



106 



A Series of Letter^ on Acoustics^ Letter II. 



[Feb. 



fheilf, shell within shell, as we see in 
the coatji of an onion/' 

Of the f'elocily of Sound. 
" Corrected by the experiments of 
Tarious obseners, the vcldcity of any 
impression transmitt^ed by tbe com- • 
raoR air may, upon an average, be 
"•reckoned 1 1,300 feet in a second/' 
" M. Biott, whose attention is ever 
alert, tias seized an occasion of con- 
siderable improvements now going 
forward in the capital of France, to 
repeat, with great precision, experi- 
ments similar to those proposed by 
the ingenious Chladni, to determine 
the swiftness of sound tt^rough a solid 
body." 

" The pipes intended to convey 
water to Paris consist of cylinders of 
cast iron, each eight feet^three inches 
in length $ tbe joints are secured by 
a collar of lead, nearly half an inch 
'thick, covered with pitched cotton 
rap^, and strongly compressed by 
screws. Into one end of the com- 
pound pipe was introduced an iron 
hoop, holding a bell with a clapper; 
and at the other end, the observer 
was stationed. On striking th^ clap- 
per at once against the bell and the 
inside of the tube, two distinct sounds 
were beard at the remote extremity, 
the one sent through the iron, and 
the other conducted along the air. 
Tbe interval between these two 
sounds was measured by a chrono- 
meter that marked half-seconds. In 
one experiment, the asscniblage of 
pipes, including the icadfii JoiuIm, ex- 
tended to 2550 feet, or nearly half a 
mile : and on a medium of 200 trials 
the two sounds were heard at the in- 
terval of 279 seconds. The time the 
sound would take, accor4ing to the 
calculation, to tr? /el the same dis- 
tance through the ai^r is 2*5 secotids : 
whence the difference '29" marks the 
time of conveyance along combined 
tubes. From numerous combined 
trials, M. Biott concludes, that the 
true quantity was •26''; and therefore 
that sound i» transmitted ten or twelve 
times fasler through « cast iron than 
through the atmosphere." 

Wunck, on the velocity of sound in 
wood, informs us, ** that a sound was 
conveyed instantaneously through 36 
connected laths of 24 feet each, or 
8G4 feet, if not through T2, which 
was the whole number employed : 72 
laths of 24 feet would ecjuai 1728 
feet." 



Count Giordano Riccatt,, in hi* 
work on strings and elastic fibres, hat 
proved, that sound , passj&i through a 
space Qiled with air, of a given lengthy 
in the same time that a column of 
air ot the same length, contained io 
an organ-pipe open at botli ends* 
makes one vibration. 

An open organ- pipe of 10 feet 
makes 100 vibrations m a second. 
4ir inadequate to the Phenomena 

of Sounds. 
'' It seems a question," says Mr* 
Jones, *' more arduous than is com- 
monly supposed, by what means sound 
is propagated. Natural Philosophy 
has commonly taught that air is the 
vehicle of sound ; but, if sound goes 
where no air can convey it, through 
the most solid bodies, and that with 
the greatest ease, some other cau<!e 
besides the air must concur. The 
slightest scratching at one end of, the 
largest piece of timber is beard very 
distinctly when the ear is applied to 
the other end, though it cannot be 
heard at half the distance when we 
use the air as the vehicle. This must 
be owing to the intervention of som« 
cause more moveable and more pow- 
erful than the air itself. If it be sup- 
posed that the particles of wood, 
which are in contact with the pin's 
point, give motion to those that lie 
next Ihem, and so on, till the vibra- 
tion reaches to the other extremity ; 
the cause is not adequate. It is 
therefore much easier to conceive 
that the effect arises from the vibra- 
tions of a medium within the po^es, . 
easily agitated, and communicating 
its pulses to any distance, rather than 
from the action of the soiid parts 
upon one another. Then will this 
occult communication of sound be 
similar, in some degree, to the pas- 
sage of the electric ether; which goes 
with difficulty through the air, but 
flics instantly through the pores of 
solid bodies*." 

Through fir-wood sound passes 
17,400 feet, or more than three miles, 
in a second. Mr. Chladni tells us that 
the kinds of wood he examined would 
conduct sound about 1 1,000 to nearly 
18,000, and burnt pipe and clay from 
10,000 to 12,000 feet in a second. 

* La Marok, on the medium of sound, 
thinks it a medium more subtle ^an 
air. I have had no opportunity of con- 
sulting his observations. Joar. Phy. 
XUX. 397. 

Derhanx 



1812.] A Series of Letters on Acoustics, Letter II. 



107 



' Derham argues, thisit as souad 
roove« near ISC^ feet in a second, and 
the most violent wind not more than 
dO miles in an hour, which is at th6 
rate of 88 feet in a secoud ; the par- 
ticles of air which communicate the 
sound must be mpre subtle than those 
which constitute wind. If wind acts 
by the grosser parts of air, and sound 
by the finer, this may be a reason why 
tbey do not interfere, nor disturb one 
another*ii nootions. 

The velocity of sound to a brisk 
wind is as fifty to one. 

Sound describes equal spaces in 
equal tiroes. Derham has proved, by 
experiment, that ail sounds whatever 
travel at the same rate. The sound 
of a gun, and the stroke of a hammer, 
are equally swift in their jnotions. 
The softest whisper flies as swiftly, as 
far as it goes, as the loudest thunder. 
Of Hearing under fVater, 

I shall enliven this article with a 
merry story from Lord Bacon. '* Let 
a man go into a bath, i^ith a tub over 
his head ; let him speak, and any 
that shall stand without shall hear his 
Toice plainly, but yet extremely sharp 
and exile (thin), like the voice of 
puppets ; but yet the articulate sounds 
of the words would not ht confound- 
ed. A man might think that the 
Sicilian po^ had knowledge of this 
experiment: for he saith, that Her- 
cules' page, Hylas, went with a water- 
pot to fill at a pleasant fountain that 
was near, and that the nymphs fell in 
Jove with the boy i and that Hercules, 
missing his page, called him by his 
name aloud that all the shore rang of 
it; and that Hylas, from within, an- 
swered his master but with so Sinall 
and exile a voice, as Hercules thought 
he had l)eeo three miles off, when the 
fountain, indeed, was fast by.'* 

Sound is propagated through water 
with the velocity of 4900 feet in a 
second. N. B. An £nglisli mile is 
52S0 leet. 

Two stones being struck together 
under water, n^ay be heard^at a much 
greater distance by an ear under 
water iu the river, than it -can he 
heard through i)Mi air ; Dr. Franklin 
thinks he has heard it a mile.' 

Professor- Robi.<«on- informs us that 
he beard the sound of a bell, trans- 
mitted hy w^er, at the distank>e of 
12d0 feet. Mn €anton has ascertained 
that the elasticity of water is about 
^,000 litnes as great as that 6f air ; 



which will give veloci'ly of 49,000 
feet in a second. 

•« The sound of a bell," says Der- 
ham, ** under water, is much duller 
and not so loud $ and it is also a 4th 
deeper." 

Of the Divergence of Sound. 
"It has generally been asserted,** 
says Dr. Young, '• chiefly on the au- 
thority of Newton, that if any sound 
be admitted through an^perture into 
a chamber, it will diverge from that 
aperture, equally, in all directions. 
This, however^ appears not to be the 
fact. It is well known, that if a 
person calls to another with a speak- 
ing trumpet, he poiiits it towards the 
place where the hearer stands. 1 am 
assured by a very respectable member 
of the Royal Society, and indeed it 
was long ago observed by Grimatdi, 
that the report of a cannon appears 
many times louder to a person to-' 
wards whom it is fired, than to one 
placed in ^ contrary direction. Jt 
must have occurred to every onfe*s 
observation, that a sound, such as 
that of a mill, or fall oi water, has 
appeared much louder after turning 
a corner, when the house or other 
obstacle no longer intervened." 
Of Loudness of Sound, 
This depends on the force with 
which (he particles of air striked the 
ear. Why this loudness does not in- 
crease in arithmetical proportion we 
know not. But of this we are cer- 
tain: that four equal voices, or four 
violins of equal power, are not four 
times as loud, as one voice, or One 
violin. Had the fact been otherwise,^ 
the performances at Westminster 
Abbey, at Mr. Handel's commeinora- 
lioQ, in one of which inore than 600 
were employed, would have stunned 
the audience. 

The following passage relative to 
the accuracy of the organ of hearing, 
in distingmshing the difiPcrcnce of 
sound'i nearly equal in force, is ex- 
tremely curious and interest mg. 

" Tne wait ot a sure method of 
measuring the momentum of the air 
when agitated by a vibrating body, 
with the same cenaiuty witn which 
the ingles between rays of light are 
measured, appears to be the reason 
why the accuracy in question is so 
generally pverlooKed. tJut, though 
it seems very difficult to give a gene- 
ral rule for measuring magnitudes of 
this description, the following expe- 
riment 



lOS A Scries of Letters on Acoustics, LeUcr H* [Feb*. 

timeat proTef, ia a rerj fatufactorj njs Dr. Banria, '< walked A>r the 

maoo^y what a delicaie faculty Uie lint lime into mj room^ when he 

fense of bearing U. — ^A bolt, drifen once visited me, and after ipeakin|^ 

bj a f|^rin^ against a fixed piece of a few words, nad, this room u about 

metal, may be made to prodaoe a 1^ feet long, 18 wide, and 12 high; 

fucceMion uf strokes of equal force i all which he guessed by the ear with 

consequently, the concussion given to great accuracy.^ 

the air will ahki be equal $ and vill Of the InUnsitg ofintnd in different 

therefore occasion like eflfbcts on the Ftmdt^fr^m. M. Pfiaoi.i.B. 

•sime ear, placed at equal distances << Exp. Tl. I dosed all the joints 

from the spring, ihe state of the wind of my watch with soft wax, and then 

and weather being the same lu both suspended it by a slik thread. In this 

cases. I caused an instrument of the stale 1 bmig it by an iron branch 

precediiig description to be struck placed io the ^ all, so that the wateh 

repeatedly at the distaure of 40 feet remaiued snspeoded in the raid:ile of 

from my ear, care being taken to. aglas&.¥essel, five inches in diameter, 

place it in the axii> of hearing pro. and seven inches high, taking care 

duced : afier which, it was moved that neither the watch nor the thread 

again iu the same right line sometimes touched the vessel in any part. I 

two feet farther from ine, and at remarked the kind of sound afforded 

ottier ti lies iwo feet nearer my per- by the watch, and the distance .at 

son ; and I could alwqyt dJMUngui^h which I ceased to hear it : after har- 

tfie dislancei varied. The range of ing marked this point, 1 then filled 

the sound, at the distance at which it the vessel with water, into which I 

ceased to be audible, was 240 foot, or agaiu sufiered the watch to descend 

six times the interval made use of in with the same precaution, of not suf- 

the expcriraeat. The sound which i ferin? it or the thread to touch the 

empl«»yed was, therefore, of a mode- vessel. 

rate force i and perhaps the interval ** The tone (timbre, quality of tone) 

'Was a suitable one, being neither too wav changed in the watch in a slrik- 

great nor too small a part of the ing manner. The sound w^ propa- 

whole range. It appears then, that gated in so lively a manner that the 

a good ear will discover a perceptible glass, and a small table of -w^od, on 

difierence in the force of two equal which it stood, at a distance from the 

jouuds, the one of which moves wall, seemed to undergo direct per- 

through one sixth part of its whole cussions from a solid body. But that 

range, and the other through a space which appeared the most astonishing 

which differs from the distance or the was, that in the midst of all these 

former only the ISOth part of the agitations, the fluid, in which the 

range common to both. watch was plunged, was perfectly 

*' The foregoing i stance affords a tranquil, and its surface not in the 

remarkable proof of the ear's accu- slightest degree agitated, 

racy in comparing slight variations of *' By substituting different liauids 

sound : and 1 have reason to believe in the place of water, I had results ia 

that the delicacy of my organs, in general analogous to those I had ob- 

this respect, surpasses the m^ium of tained with that fluid ; but each of 

seusibility $ for some ears, wliich them gave a different modification 

were tried in the same maimer, did to the sound, of which tlie intensity 

not perceive the eff(^cts in question, was noted as follows: 

untiltheinstruroenthad been removed ** Intensity of Sound observed in 

four feet, or the 6th part of my range, different fluids. 

But either instance furnishes a proof 1. Inair,8ervingastheterm 

suflicicnt for the present purpose, and of comparison, it ceased 

•hews the human ear to be a very to be neard at the dis- 

delicate judge of comparati ve loud- tance of Sfeet, 

ness." Manchester Memoirs, Vol. V. 2. In water, as that of ... • 29 

Partll. p. 6tgT. 3. Qil-olive 16 

I should inform you, Sir, that Mr* 4. Oil of Turpentine ...t... 14 

Gough is blind; but need not make 5. Spirit of Wine 21 

a common-place observation on that '* It ii proper to observe, that in 

subject. repeating these trials 1 observed some 

<* The late blind Justice Fielding," Twriations in Uie inteosilyy ^hicb ap- 
peared 



1 Sr^.] A Series df Letiers on Acoustics^ Letter IL i Dd 

pe^ed to* depend on the organ of an obstacle terminating an elastic 

senae,, or accidealai noises. fluid, with tJie same Telocity with 

<' From the experiments made upon which thej arri^red at that obstacle. 

liquids it foljo ws : — When the walls of a passage^ or of an 

1. That these, as well as solids, do nnfiimished room, are smooth, and 
traasmit sounds much better than the perfectly parallel, any explosion, or 
ur, and that even the fat t>ils are not stamping with the foot, coramunicales 
to be excepted. an impression on the air, which is 

2. That each fluid, upon trial, is reflected from one. wall to the other, 
foQod to modify the sound in a pecu> and from the second again towards 
Dar n^aoaer. the ear, nearly in the same direction 

3. Philosophers makitain the opi- with the primitive impulse: this takes 
moa that sound is propagated in the place as frequently in a^ second, as 
air by means of certain motions or twice the breadth of the passage is 
undulatiOHs, which the transfuirence contained in 11,300 feet; and the ear 
of that. fluid prevents our seeing. My receives a perception of sound, thus 
experiments with fluids which Ao not determined in its pitch by the breadth 
elude: the sight, and in uhirh no mo- of the passage. On making the ex- 
tion. was perceived, notwithstanding periment the result will be found ac- 
the very eflectual transmission of curately to agree with this explana- 
sound, may render this in some re- tion. The appropriate notes of a 
spect doubtful." room may readily be discovered by 
. The strength of sounds is greatest singing the scale in it ; and they will 
in cold and dense^ air, and least in that be found to depend on the proportion 
which is warm and rar2/9f«f. *' Divers, of its* length or breadth to 11,300 
at the bottom of the sea," says Der- feet. The sound of the stopped dia- 
bam, ** can hear noises made above pason is produced in a manner some- 
only confusedly : but, on the con- what similar to the note from an ex- 
trary» those above cannot hear the plosion in a passage; and that of its 
dixera beiow. Of which an experi- reed pipes to the resonance of the 
ment was made that had like to have, voice in a room: the length of the 
been moirtal ; one of the divers blew reed in one case determining the 
an horn in his diving bell, at the b<^t- sound, in the other, increasing its 
torn of the sea, the sound whereof, strength. ' The frequency of the vi- 
in that compressed air, was so very brations does not at all immediately 
loud and irksome, that it stunned the depend on the diameter of the pipe, 
diver, and made him so giddy that he Of reverberated Sounds, from br, 
had liked to have dropped out of his Young. . 

bell and been drowned.*' The sound ** Sound, like light, aller it has 

of a bell under water i^ much duller been reflected from several places, 

and not so loud ; and it is a 4th deeper, may be collected in one point, as into 

Of the Decay of Sound, a focwt ; and it will be there more 

** The principal cause of the decay audible than in any other part, even 

^ Bound is the want of perfect elas- than at the place from whence it pro- 

ticity in the air ; whence it arises that ceeded. On this principle it is that 

theentire motion of every subsequent a whispering gallery is constructed, 

partide b^s not the entire motion of '* The form of the gallery must be 

the preceding particle connnunicated that of a concave hemisphere, as 

to it, as in the case of equal and per- ABC $ and if a low sound or whisper 

fectiy elastic biddies ; consequently be uttered at A, the vibrations ex- 

the farther the motion IS propagated, panding themselves every way, will, 

fhemore will the velocity, with which impinge on the points D D D, and 

the particles move, be diminished : from thence be reflected to £ E £, and 

the condensation of air will be di- from thence to the points F and G, 

minished also ; and the farther the till at last they meet in C ; where, as 

pulse is propagated the more is the we have said before, the sound will 

density, and conseqaentty the impulse be most distiucliy heard. 

OD the drum of the ear diminished." '' An echo is a reflection of sound 

Of sonorous Cavities, from Dr, striking against some object, as an 

YouwG. image is reflected in a glass. — We 

Mr. de la Grange has demonstrated, have heard of a very extraordinary 

that all impressions are reflected by echo, at a ruined fortress near Lovain, 

in 



110 Nature and Causes rf *$bwwrf.— Eltham Palace, [Feb. 

discharge ^ith a stop ivatch, in the 
balloon, which, when compared with 
the §ame time noted helow, would, in 
their diflerence, furnish mean« to as- 
certaiu this tact. 

But 1 must not detain you any 
longer, at present, from attending 
your pupils, and that assiduous prac- 
tice on the Piano Forte, without 
which no one can become a really 
fine plajer. C.J. S. 



in Flanders. If a person snug, be 
only heaird his voice, without any 
repetition :. on the contrary, those 
who stood at some distance, heard 
the echo, but not the voices but 
then they heard sometimes louder, 
iometimes softer, now more near, 
now more distant. There is an ac- 
count in the Memoirs of the French 
Academy of a similar echo near 
Rouen.'* 

Our friend Mr. Yaughan, that beau- 
tiful singer, told me, that the first 
time he ^uug in the chapel at Eton, 
he was much astonished and terrified. 
He was bred up in a cathedral not re- 
markable for resonance. ' When he 
was singing in Eton Chapel, he fan- 
cied some ouc ^as singing after liim 
at the other end of the chapel. If he 
had had time for reflection, and his 
modesty had not prevented thc^ ob- 
servation, he might have well been 
aware of the improbability of so beau- 
tiful a voice bemg prepared to form 
an echo. The echo was faithful ; and 
the echo had not often been put to 
such a test. 

1 must not finish the subject of re- 
verberated sounds, without quoting a 
curious and ;very interesting experi- 
ment of M. Guy Lussac. 
Trumpet sounded in an Air Balloon. 
Mr. Guy Lussac, in 1803, ascended 
in an air-balloon, and found that the 
voice, through a speaking-trumpet, 
was re-echoed most perfectly from 
the earth, even at the greatest eleva- 
tion; and the time of tlie return of 
the echo so well coincided with their 
height, increasing in quickness as the 
latter diminished, that it is pr<»posed 
as a means by which aeronauts may 
be enabled to judge oi the elevation 
in future. Each time they spoke 
through the trumpet a slight undula- 
tion of the balloon was perceptible; 
and they found the return of the echo 
to take up ten seconds, when the ba- 
rometer was at the elevation of 27 
inches : from this the narrator calcu- 
lates, that they were 5195 French 
feel from the earth ; but Jhat, as it is 
probable, the progress of sound, per- 
pendicularly, has not the same law 
as to its velocity in l.n horizontal di- 
, rectibn, he thinks this calculation 
may not be very exact ; and proposes 
to ascertain the movement of sound 
by firing cannon every thirty seconds 
during the ascent of a balloon, and 
observing the instant of hearing each 



Description of Eltuam, continued 
from paiiC 14. 

THE North side is much the same 
as the corresponding <iue,' ex- 
cepting the Oriel. In this, the win- 
dows of the front are not in th« cen- 
tre, owing to a staircase introduced 
into the Western pier; being the 
widest, a small square-headed win- - 
dow admitted I'ght to it, and is to 
be seen' on the outside. This stair- 
case was undoubtedly for a room, as 
it has no communication whatever 
with the Hall, and is not to be seen 
in the inside. The interior of this 
oriel is entirely perfect, excepting 
the bosses and groins, which are very 
much defaced ; unlike those in the 
South, where the leaves and figures 
of the bosses, and the mouldings of 
the groins, are as perfect as it just 
carved, it is boarded up for the con- 
venience of a barn. The cornice on 
this side above the windows is en- 
tirely perfect (not a stone wanting), 
with the grote^ijue heads left. The 
principal entrance to the palace being 
on the North side, the cornice was 
ornamented with grotesque heads, as 
it was more seen than the South, 
which has none. The buttresses are 
very perfect, and, with the exception 
of the battlements, as whole as when 
first built (those oh the ^outh side 
are very much defaced). The walls 
are brick, and cased with very fine 
stone ; but the buildings that attached 
themselves to it appear to have been 
solid stone, by the icagments that are 
left. 

Iq its original grandeur the interior 
of the hall must have had a very fine 
effect. Us elaborate roof is as per- 
fect, and the mouldiu^s as sliarp^ as 
if they had been but lately carved : 
it consists of seven large arches, tbe 
ends of which die into the wall,, below 
the projecting cornice: they are be- 
tween every two windows, as are the 
• bnttreases on the exterior, which not 

only 



1812.] Reynains of Eltham Palace. — Family of Westby . 1 i i 



only support the wall but these arches. 
Out of the cornice projects a beam, 
about seven lieet^ with «the same 
roouldiDgs from which haog very 
elegaul peudentives; and out of those 
spring smali arches, resting on orna- 
menled stone brackets, as tiigh as the 
springing of the arches of the win- 
do wti. The spandrels, formed by these 
arches against the wall,.are occupied 
by the curious intersection of the 
tnouidings of the large arches. Out 
of these pendentrves rise small slender 
pcrperidtcular. shafts, up to the tar^e 
rafters over the arches; their height 
is divided about midway by a band 
moulding, and the}( have a base: they 
were originally ornamented with small 
pinuacles. At the top of these shafts 
a beam goes across, %vhich is cut into 
mouldings, and under them are the 
priucipal arches of the roof. The 
space formed by the shafts and the 
slope of the roof is an acute angle; 
in this is another portion of the large 
arches, the mouldings of which inter- 
sect with the principal arches of the 
roof, ^t the inside of the shafts, and 
rise together in the cross beam. Be- 
tween this and the ridge of the roof, 
is another smaller beam, cut into 
mouldings ; the spaces are filled in with 
open compartments; the lower into 
nine, and the upper iato five, the 
heads of which are richly ornamented 
with perforated tracery work. The 
space left between each of the arches 
in the slope of the roof is occupied 
by three divisions, separated by clus- 
ters of mouldings; the middle di- 
vision, being larger than either of the 
others; is filled with o^ee arches, and 
the smaller ones with half arches. 
The spandrels are raftered. In the 



The Hall is now let to a farmer^ 
and used for the housing and thresh- 
ing of corn } one of the gorgeous 
oriels cut away (as before observed), 
to admit of waggons, carts, and such 
like abuses ; and the windows patched 
up with brickwork, with loopholes 
left to admit air and lights the 
floor bas been raised above a foot 
for convenience. Under the splays 
of the windows have been made holes 
in the walls, and corresponding ones 
also in tiie West wall, by which a 
floor was probably intended to have 
been carried across, but the want of 
light in the lower story may have 
prevented it. C. B. 

Mr. Urban, Balh^ Jan, 3. 

YOUR Correspondent who signs 
B. in page 4, is right in supposing 
that Havenhetd was the seat of the 
Westb^s at a very early period; and 
he may also be correct in his state- 
ment^ that 4he inscription of which 
he has sent a copy, i§ n»w the only 
memorial remaining of the family. 
But, when I was at Ravenfield in July 
1803, there was Ijing in the church- 
yard a large and thick flag-stone, 
vvhich had formerly covered (he re- 
mains of one of this family. The 
clerk said that it lay within the 
church, meaning the old church which 
was taken down some years ago, when 
the present neat and handsome struc- 
ture was erected on the site. The 
person commemorated upon this 
stone was Anne, wife of Thomas 
W-estby, of Firsb^Tf .esq. She was a 
daughter of Gabriel Bonner, of Alle- 
mondbur>',co. Hunt, and was married 
to Mr. Westby ip 1630. 
On the monument are the arms of 



centre of this roof was originally (as Westby impaling Drake'; the lady, 

in most other Halls in the kingdom) who erected it to the memory of her 

a lantern, to give light in the centre husband, being a daughter of Mr. Jo- 

of the room. It was in the form of seph Drake, of Hull, merchant. Of 

a hexagon ; the framework of it is the children mentioned in the inscrip- 

left, but the roof covered in. At the tion, Ann, the elder daughter, mar- 



East end of the Hall is the music- 
gallery, which has been very much 
defaced ; it was entirely perfect when 
the battlements adorned the exterior 
parapet, and appears to have been 
a very .magnificent gallery by the 
clusters of delicate columns that 



ried William Cotton, of the Haigh in 
the West-Hiding of the county of 
York, a liberal friend and patron of 
the Nonconformists in the reign of 
Charles II. ; as was ^so Mr. Thomak 
Westby the son, who resided many 
years at his paternal inansion. Thn 



are left which support it. On the gentleman had three wives; one of 

i<fortb side, under the gallery, is a them was sister to Thomas White, of 

▼ery perfect square-hea^d doorway, Tuxford and WalliDgwells, esq. clerk 

uoderwhich is a flat-pointed arch; the of the Ordnance ; by her he had no 

s{>aodrels of it are ornamented with issue : bat by another wife, who wai 

tufeif and at perfect as if just carved, a Wardd of Holderaess, and net ims^ 

probably 



112 The Westbys of Ravenfield. — Verdict of Juries. [ Feb. 

probably a daughter of the Matthew 
Wardel/miu later of Pallrington, who 
is mentiuoed io that lingular iittle 
work, '• Mrs. Shawc's Tomb-stone," 
as the husband of one of that pioos 
lady's daughters, he had the son, 
Wardel-Georgc Westby, mentioned 
by your Correspondent as having sold 
his family estate to Mrs. Elizabeth 
Parkin 

The lady Mr. W. G. Westby mar- 
ried was a sister of Robert, the third 
£acl of Holderness ; it is the tradition 
of the village that her extravagance 
brouglit ruiu upon her husband. He 
was mdebted .to the friendly inter- 
ference of the Duke of Norfolk for a 
small place in the Customs, on the 
emoluments of which he barely sub- 
sisted till his death. He is said to 
have retained the attachment to the 
principles of Nonconformity which 
distinguished his father ; and to have 
been a regular attendant for many 
years upon the ministry of the late* 
learned Dr. Chandler. 

His only daughter married an ad- 
venturer, who deserted her soon after 
the marriage. Let the remainder 
of her unhappy story be left in ob- 
livion ! 

But though it be true as your Cor- 
respondent has observed, that the 
Westbys resided many yean at Ra- 
venfield, yet were not the Westbys, 
of whom we have now been speaking, 
lineally descended from the old farairf 
of that name ; who, according to some 
pedigrees, possessed Ravenfield as 
early as the I8th century. Whoever 
wishes for information on this family, 
may consult ^o. 4630 of the Harl.^ 
MSS. p. 698, where they will find a 
regular connected pedigree of eleven 
descents, but in many parts of very 
doubtful authority. Thomas West- 
by, the last of this family, was buried 
in the church of Ravenfield in 163S. 
Whether it passed to him by will, or 
was acquired by purchase, I am on- 
certain ; but the next possessor of this* 
fine estate was Mr. George Westby, 
yho had also considerable property 
in the parish of Rotherham. This 
gentleman wass^n to George Westby 
of Whalley, son to Christopher West- 
by of £lmton-ball in the county of 
perby, whose descent, if he really 
w^re descended of them, from the 
^ntient family of Westbys, possessors 
of Ravenfield, has never been regu^^ 
lariy registered. Atone proof that 
they have not pretended to any s'ucb 



descent, it may be mentioned that 
the quarterings, accumulated by tibe 
first race of the Westbys, vpere never 
osed by the second. This Geor|^ 
Westby, by Frances Borough his wife 
who was related to the Sneilt, one of 
whrch family was a Protestant mar- 
tyr in the days of Queen Mary, 
had two sons: the elder, Thonas, 
settled at Ravenfield; he has been 
already metitioned ; the yonnger, 
George, at Gilthwatte in the parish of 
Rotherham. Mrs. Elizabeth Westbj, 
of Howarth-hall, is great-grand 
daughter to this (gentleman, and the 
last survivor of this most respectable 
family. 

Their arms are,Argent on a chevron 
Azure 3 cinqoefoils of the field. 

I hope these particulars of a family 
of some note in the West Riding o^ 
Yorkshire will not be unacceptable, 
to accompany the inscription which 
appeared in your last number; and 
-may, as they have not fmmd their 
way into any printed genealogical 
work, gratify some of your numerous 
Readers. Josapn Hvni'er. 

'•#* Mr. H's former letter was received. 

Mr. Urban, Jan. 29. 

THE observations on the unani- 
mous verdict of a Jury, Vol. 
LXXXI. Part ii. p. 319, are so just, 
that I thmk they never can be anr- 
awered. The jury are sworn to give 
9 true verdict accordmg to the evi- 
dence; some of them may very con- 
acientionsly think that, according to 
the evidence, they ought to find a 
verdict one way, the others may as 
conscientiously think difterently. Let 
the majority decide, and every man 
keeps his conscience. If au unani- 
mous verdict must be brought in, 
which of the different opinions is to 
govern ? Every one who has been in 
a Court of Justice knows, that the 
minority give up to the majoritv; 
the majority do in fact bring in the 
verdict. A very recent instance hat 
shewn the consetjuence of ouanimity^ 
being required, where a man*s con- 
science (or, if you say obstinacy, it 
will rather strengthen my position) 
prevented unanimity, dud no verdict 
at all waii given. 1 understand that 
in such cases in Scotland a.^ come be- 
fore a J"ry, the majority find 'the 
verdict — what ill consequences havte 
foliowed? Y<»ur Correspondent, Sit 
Richard Phrllips, means w^ll, but an* 
gues in — ?ci7iB-' ■'•'■ Xv *' 

Mr. 



" . 



TM£ UT^S TREE 



Figure -dr Winchester college 



Mr 

A' 



BiMiN 

<ff Oil 

^. 45( 

"11 



their 



Callectiiw aoj preparii^ tfaiapditbiri ' jMli^wlih Hit^e) »rA «otH BbittMiaiitly^ 
Mmj baidwed on the nwrretloiw ■«- on iociiion. 1 (4ii«rveil thai Hie 
Mont ralatcd by Focebch IIm OaM, effluvia wb> nol pr^udici.il to.TegelO' 



li 



114 The Peism Tree^— Anecdotes ^ John Ratcliffe. fFek 



Vtlaccaisis, and Costas ArabiccilV 

• It was necetsarj to pravc the effect 
of ibis poison after it was prepared ; 
mnd haTing pot some on a sharp 
instrument, 1 sligbtlf pricked the 
Ihi^b muscle of a full-grown Fowl, 
which ezpir^ in the course of two 
minutes. It b well known that the 
inhabitants of the Molucca Islands 
make use of small arrows of split 
Bamboo dipped in this poison for the 
killing small birds, which they blow 
throogh a tube. The flesh is no waYS 
injures for eating, cutting out onlj 
the wounded part. 

There is another poison equally ef- 
ficacious prepared rrom a species of 
Strychnoif hmn. It is a nondescript 
Species called Str. Trcvrr; the 
JaTanese name; a figure isgiren in 
the work ; but, as ii is of a barren 
branch, it is not so interesting. 
Yours, &c. J. S. 

£xplanaU0n of the PiaU. 

A. A fertile Branch, natural size. 
B Male Flower, Ditto. 

€. Fruit and Calyx. 
D. An Anthera mago. 

B. A squama or Scale Ditto. 
F. Female Flower Ditto. 

Mr.UaBAii, LljfweU^BreconskirC' 

IF the inclosed piece of antiquity 
has not already appeared in your 
MiscelUny, the insertion of it, as 
well as the poetry, will oblige W. £. 

A PiBCB OP Ahtiquitt, 

Printed on the wall adjoining to the 
Kitdhen of Wiuchestbr College, 
wbicb has long been preserved, and, 
as often as occasion requires, is re- 
paired, with the following Latin 
verses. 
M fffigiem Servi si vis spectare probati, 
Quisquis es, h«c oculos pascat imago 
tuos. 
Pordnum 9t quocunque cibo jejunia 
sedat, [mit. 

Hsc tera consilium ne fluat arcta ^re- 
Dat patientem Jtinns Dominis jurgan- 

tibus aurem, 
' Cenrus habet celeres ire, redire, pedes. 
lieva doeet multum tot rvbus onusta 
laborem, [fidem. 

* Vestia munditism, dextera aperta 

m 

§ From these stimulating ingredients 
we mapr infer, that the poifoo ii a slmo 
#fif in Its proper nature. 



Acciactus gladio, dypeo ramutns^ethide 
Vtl se vel Dominura quo tueatnr, hn^ 
bet." 



Trdmlaiien, 
A trusty Servant's portrait vnoukl you see. 
This emblematie figure well sonrey. 
The Porker's snout, not niea in diet 

shews. 
The Padlock shut no secret he'll distlose. 
Patient the Ass bis Master's wrath wU^ 

bear» i [clare» 

Swiftness in errands tb« Stag's feet d». 
Loaden his Left-hand, apt to labour, 

saith. 
The Vest is neatness, open Hand his faith. 
Girt with bis sword, his shield upon bia 

arm, [harm. 

Himself and Master he'll protect ttvtm 

Mr. Ubban, Feb. 12. 

MR. John Ratdiffe, who is noticed 
as a collector of scarce books ia 
page 55, waa neither a man of science or 
learning. He lived in Bast IaBe,Ber 
mondseyf was a very corpulent man, 
and hislega were remarkably thick,pro* 
bably from ao anasarcoos complaint* 
The writer of thb rtflaembers hia& 
perfectly well ; be was a very stalely 
man, and, when he walked,^ literally 
went a snail's pace. He was a Dis- 
senter, and every Sunday attended 
the meeting of Dr. Flazman in the 
lower road to Deptford. Hegenerallj 
wore a ^ue coat, either red or brown, 
with gold lace buttons, and a fine silk 
embroidered waistcoat, of scarlet with 
gold lace, and a large and well-pow* 
dered wig. With his hat in one hand 
and a gold-headed cane in the other, 
he marched ro}ally along, and not 
unfrequently followed by a parcel of 
children, wondering who the stately 
roan could be. — ^A few years before Ew 
death, a fire happened in the neig6« 
bourhood where he lived ; and it 
became necessary to remove part o^ 
his household furniture and books. 
He was incapable of assisting himself 9 
but he stood in the street lamentin|^ 
and deploring the loss of his Cojetone, 
when a sailor, who lived within n 
door or two of him attempted to coo* 
sole him : ^* Bless you. Sir, 1 have jgot 
them perfectly safe!" While Ratctiff^ 
was expressing his thanks, the sailor 
produced two of his fine curled peri- 
wigs, which he had saved from the 
devouring element ( and who had no 
idea that Ratcliffe could make inch n 
foM for a few books. G. 

Mr: 



ftT2. ] 7%e Proph§cUs in Moore*^ Almanack conHderei. I if 

A Mr- 0BBAH, N.a Jmh. 6. graeunu promists, are conditimuUt «nd 

N Auouai Prophecy in a couotry it is tin allowed Motto, jigwU, non 

M»' justly famed for citil and re- cogv.ta:* (p. 47 for 181 l.J 

ligioos Liberty as Eoffland is, where q^«.^«. .u *u- j-^- 

moch soiiod learoing prevails, and nif^^^ "?!*"*' ''"^'!?'*^'T*'^ 

the press is under ol restraiot, must °^ ^^^fl "'k''' ^^V^ conjecture, from 

be co.i«dered no small curiosity, Sol"*;!!*. '^K'^r'^T'i ^^"^'^ 1?^ 

whea we «.riously think thereupon "''llfZ'l K P«"|!^«'y *«'•'«'' that 

yet it is afact, which no one can deny, J^l'fl «^ Y^**'«°"" ^^^ <>»« J^ 

!lbat every year, on the 19th day of "^l^J'Tr, €T\\'' ^""'T 7"^^ 

WoTembe?, orihenabout, a publka. "^j'^^'" P^^t of his Almanack, (p. 4T 

tioD issues from the preM at London, 'oii.; 

|»rcdict'mg the public evenis of the Tbecoincidenceof someof biscon- 
eosuing >ear$ and which is well known J^^ures in time past with subsequent 
)o young and old, to hij^h and low, e^entswasso remarkable,tbat ii arrest- 
by the name of Mooaa^'s Auhanacil. ^^ the attention of many who before 
This book is read with avidity » not ^^^ Moore in cootempt $ amongst 
tnerely by the vulgar and supersiiUous» ^^ora was one of Mr/Urhan's Corre- 
bot .by some of liberal education and *pon<ients,if I mistake not, by the name 
enlightened understauding, and by ^f ^'*^ who publicly acknowledged 
nany of religious principles. The pre- b'*"«elf to have become a con?ert to 
Mictions also therein contained are re- -Astrology by thefulliimentof Mooie's 
garded by many with a degree of ve- P>^diction of the death* or murder, 
neration and belief, equal to what, in ^^ ^^® Sultan Selim, about four or 
^ays of yore» was entertained for the ^^^ y^^^ ago. Even Mr. Urban was 
Oracles of the Delphian Apollo 1 ^^ong the number of those who 
Whether the principles of Astrology ^^^^ »"> eye on Moore's pages, and 
Are worlhv of regard, or ought to be l^bought it not beneath him to insert 
xonsidereif ridiculous and absuid, I ^^^ eopijr into his own pages *^ the 
pretend not to say. I know nothing Astrological Observations and Predic- 
at all about them ; they may be, true, lions'' of one year: and I myself 
^and they may be false. However, ^'^^ ^^^^ & purchaser of Moore's Al- 
whosoever is in the habit of reading nianack, though this year I have pre- 
Ifoore^s Almsnack, must give him ^^^^^ ^hUe*8 Ephemerist neverthe- 
credit for the dis<(emination (f loyal 'f'^' I do not mean to turn my back en- 
•and j-eligious sentiments; he is also tirely on Moore, till I have put him 
an avowed Protestant It; therefore, *o the test : which, if you please, 
the Cdbalistical art be originally JO" may make a public test« if you 
nothiAg more than the child of fancy, ^hink others will beuifluenced thereby, 
the oftspring of superstition, orpofi- Some of his conjectures (for at present 
.tical and priestly craft, Moore must ^ will call them nothing else) have 
be regarded as an honest man with been remarkable for subsequent events 
good intentions, but the slave of de- bearing a resemblance thereto, some- 
iDsionsy which subject him and his times m the selfsame month, at other 
▼otansts to nothing more than the times in different quarters of the 
mipiiiation of believing an harmless year i and lastly, his conjectnre in 
error, though liable to ridicule. I one year has agreed with an event in ^ 
cat! it an harmless error i because the & succee^ding year; so that he is ma* 
great objection to Astrology is, that nifestly inaccurate in point of time* 
the ackuowledt^ement of Planetary This he states to be agreeable to arty 
infiueiice makes man a necessary '^^ the following words : 

STIL* Thi.t'*'^^!l *" ^"''^''™ ""^ " « would have my readers always to 

Tl Cu ^ n ""'^ ^?'^V *" *PP^^" bear in mind, that, when I treat of tho 

from the following extract : diflferent Quarters of the Year, as weU 

^ This position of the Sun shews also, as the different Month!', I by no means 

if men b« willing and obedient, they mean to confine what 1 say solely to that 

shall enjoy the good of the land ; but if Quarter or that Month ; for Planetary 

they will be obstinate and disobedient, inflences may act, and often do act, at 

'the evil effects mentioned both in this a distance from that time, and the events 

and .the next quarter will fall to their signified thereby may fall out sooner ojr 

4b«re. Starry inftti^nQei, Ul» C!§f8 Ut«r/' (^. 43 f^r 1810.) 



Ift fr^tii •f tkefe pnaaHs I wiii " I9'ittiir# descend at plMM ve to tavifo 
iMuce ft fow of hit conjeetoreA, and Tiw bad witk vangeaQoe, or tka gaod to 
compare then with pubfie eveots. 

Coi^ehare-^** liafy emd JJprtfH Mk to 
U.** (p/4« for 1808.) 

Memark — Had Moore used these 
'Words,**Portugal and Spain look to it," 
it would have been a more lucky . 
caution; nevertheless it is remarVabie W November 1807 j and therefore 



aid,'' &0. (Jivi 

Again, 

*' Affairs seem now to take a better 
turn." 

R0m^rk'-^LH it b^ rereembered 
that the above extnctf were publisbedl 



that Spain was then the ally of Fraace } 
and very ne^r the time in hen Moore's 
Almanack was published, the Prince 
Kezeot and Royal family of Portugal 
emigrated (o theBraziU, leayin^their 
country subject to the French am s. 
At such 9 time, and under such circum- 
stances political observations would 
not have justir^d an inference that 
Spain w s about receiving the 
^oiir^e of war. And few would have 
hazarded an ojjnion, that the f rench 
arms were about to receive a check, 
when Bui'naparte was at peace with 
Austria, in alliance with Bu»sia, and 
bad most of the other European 



most probsfbly were writteq i«Sep|#fi^ 
ber, if not before; pb4 the foliowtn^ 
events are recorded in the Chrooo* 
logy of Moore fmprove4 for l|^ll« 

^ Peaee beti^een Eiig^laii4 ^td Sj^ala^ 
Junes, 1808." 

** The French fleet in Cadiz harbour 
surrendered to the Patriots, June 14.'* 

«< General Lefevre defeased at Sarar 
gossa, Julif 1, $:* 

*' General Dupont and hHMfhsh <irn y 
forced to surrender t^ the ^atrie^ undtir. 

** General Olevre again deteted witii 
immense logs by tbe Arragoueae umter 



powers subject to him. Yet at that i?^*^o^» ^^' 

time^ and in the same pa;;e where the ** Tea thousand Spaniards revKih fuMa 

above warainff was s^iven, Mopre the French in the North, and are s*^ 

Inrole the following affirmation, oy ftosed to their country." 

0«^4f(lfr#-*<'7^ iim^ it 4# A0M^ "The French fbrce in POrtngal defeated 

tiimii 4h0 ^ow^nstg fri^e 0n4 ^ru •W^^I^W ^J »lr A^cllesley, K. a at Roleia, ^^. 



4m4 H fyroMghi to better recuan, ifntftkw^ 
ffe but J'eip ^ n^y^ eountrMm^ kut whfl4 

hei us ftirtfccr attend t« tht follow- 
ia^p C#iij«ctur€f for the same year^ 
([IMS). 

^ Wben with Briti^ Cbiefe a FbMigm 

. iVa/to 'shiest, 
She hopes to lift her head above the rest. 
y(htQjPn^UsJ^at hreivt EngHshmen com- 
mand, [withstand ? 
They terror strike ; what force can them 
lio foe so proud, but they can soon 

subdue ; 
Ko task too httrd for EngHshmjcn to do/* 

^ Thete are some |:ood aspects of the 
manets of hi^te or near this time, that 
denote some wise and delH>eraf c councils ; 
and \i ttu* preliminaries of peace are nut 
yet agreed upon, there now are great 

Jiopes thtrrei'f^ as there is some sort of • i ^ 

lie*ociations carryi g on tending to that conjecture m the first year is ackn^m- 
effect, either for ourst hres or on the Wgcd not to have beeu suoectsful : 
t^ont'i. ent of Europe; in order to settle but be afiirms it would be so id Ike 
fieace and tranqniHity for the pubKc foUowittg. l» \%Q^ and 1 think ka 
good." (<^i«>0 the begimiiDg of the year^ there was 

a revo- 



Thus << the towering pride and airjr 
madness of (the French) a neighbour* 
ing nation received a check i^ and 
S|pain, ** a Foreign nation," did at that 
time '* hope to lift her head above the 
rest." And when Sir Arthur Weltet- 
h^ '< descended to iuvade the bad 
with vengeance, or the ^ood to aid,*^ 
he proved, and most satisfactorily, tq 
his countrymen, npt onlj in the mooth 
of August, but in his subsequent en- 
gagements ; and his eniiuent coadjq- 
tors Marshal Beresfor4 and General 
tiraham also proved, that ** whea 
Englishmen brave Englishmen com- 
mand, they terror strike." 

Qn^ture — '*The schemes and designs 
of a Nwtherr^ Prjiuce miscarry." (p. 15 
for 1808}. 

<< The sefaemes and desifns ^f a 
Northern Prince tuno miscarry.'* (p>9 
for 1809). 

Remark -^ FroiQ the nopetilion^ kts 



tai^.] The Prcpkicies in MooreV Almanack considered. 1 17 

a reyol^tipn ia Sweden i GuAtavus ab- of Sir A. Welleslej with Marihal Soalt 

djcated his throne, and the Duke of May 13th In Portugal, and again at 

Sttdermaaia wa« proclaimed King in Talavera July 23d ; not to omit the 

lijf stead. ^ destruction of the French iquadroa 

Omjechxre-^** TromCo^rt to Court »« Basque Roads in April, and the 

ipxpresses briskly fly/* &c. surrender of Flushing to the Bnttth 

. • in August: an activity which, no 

• ? * doubt, gave " no small mortificatioa 

. •* Many revolutions and ^reat altera- to the French Emperor." 

.tioi^fi in the councils of Princes* and ^ • . « ^t i _ i «...«*• 

military preparations are vigorously O^J'^^^ - 3J*^»L*"*P ^.T^ 

«»arripH on" rrtn « tn o fnr iftOQ^ ^own ttumbcrlcss near the Sound, m the 

earned uu. (pji. 8 to 9 for 1809, Aj^nU) i^^^^ern Parts of the World." (p. IT. 

RemMTk — Austria declares war for 1809, ^n^.) 

^M.<i f raoce, Jpril «lh. Remark -In the month «f Augu.t 

Conjecture — "This month {Mai/) is the naval employments were not a few 

ushered in with an opposition of Jupiter jn the expedition to Flushing, which 

and Mirs, and soon after there is an op- jg nearer the Sound than either Spftia 

position of the Sun and Stttum; these ^^ Portuffal. 

shew the motions of armies, and the ^ 

usual misfortunes and miseries attending Conjecture — " Ambassadors or agentt 
the same." (p. 1 1 for 1809, May.) * *J^ at work to procure neyw alliances^ hy 

« , T> ^ . ^ ^ . fiwrriaees, as well as other poliueal 

«ejiiiirA:--Buonaparte was defeated methods." (p. 46 for 1809.) 

by^he Archduke Charles, Mas, 22, ^,„^,^i ^;,, j^^,riage of Buo- 

' . naparte with his wife Josephine wat 

Conjecture ^ dissolved, by mutual consent, Dec. 15, 

*< Now troops appointed, from all parts 1809. 

prepare [war ; Buonaparte was marriud by proxy 

To try their strengtb once more in bloody to the Archduchess Maria Louisa of 

For so the Stars, by thwarting motions, Austria, at Vienna, March 1 Ith, 1810, 

A ston^ 17 hand, with blood and '"r'^n Conjecture^*' Some very considerable 

AM must obey >yhen these for arras pre- ^J'^^^'^J'^^ "^^ ^^ "^^"^X V 

pare • fwell as air " ^^® P*^^*'*^ *^*'" *PP*^*' ^*^** * ^*^ 

TbeFeVi stoms in states and towns, L ^^4 sour disposition j and the inm^And 

(p. 14 for 1809, July.) *^"» °^ ""^^^ P«"^*^^ "^. tmctared 

^r *"' ^ ^ with malice and revenge, which will oc- 

Remarh — The words once more casion very high dupuiea.** (p. 9, 18W, 

imply that the strength of armies bad 4^^'*i') 

been before tried $ which was the case ' f< Much strife and debates, with pet- 
in May, when the Archduke Charles, verse and mischievous preeeediiigs, 

to use Bu onaparte's e xpression, amongst Senators about H^htSp 

** covered himself with glory,'* and Privileges, &c." (p. 44 for I8ip.) 
caused his Enemy to make a pause of Remark — These fast conjectures 
fix weeks before he again took the are very descriptive of the public pre- 
sold ; which interval, no doubt, was ceedings about the Walcheren Expc- 
actively employed by both in ♦' pre- dition, and Sir Francis Burdett's com- 
l»rmg troops from all parts to try mittal to the Tower in April. I eouM 
their strength once iwarer and we all enumerate several more, where the 
know that the battle of Wagram, on coincidence is remarkable respectii^ 
July 5, 6, 7, ended with " blood and individuals, &c.; but shall contine my- 
rum" to the Austrians ! I J gelf to one or two more of a somewhat 

C^cture — " The Fm^^A govern- different description from the above, 

pient is still very active with their sword. Conjecture — " Some lucid appeax- 

an^ also in their councils ; so also is the ances in the Aia." (p. 12 iorSq>i. 1809.) 

SfjtflT"^' V^^ ""smaUmor- Remark- About two yean after- 

Sffe. M^> Emperor." (p. ^^^^^ .^ ^^^^ ^^^^ ^„„j^ '^^ ^^^ 

■ ber, or verv near that time, a Comet 

Remark — The activity of the became Tisible; whose '^/fC£;i^ifpi»«fai*« 

French with their sword was seen in ance in the air" for several months 

the last-mentioned engagements : and attracted the notice of Uiousands in 

^tof the £oglish> in the exertions tt^iskiogdoniyandiao doubt, in others 

also. 



J 18 The Prophecies in Moorc*^ Almanack conridered. [Feb. 

alio. — Id that jear, 1809, in which When ronnd their vortex tliey ia fufjr 
Moore coujecturcd, that there would roll, [sou^ 

be •* some lucid appearances in the air," They fright with dire alarm each g:uU^ 

his A lioanack contained some curious ^ Omens certain of a labourmg statt. 

Thus in May he writes, -^^ ttus'^iJL?^"^ Tr^%^^ 

'*I stand amaz*d; alas! my tim*rous And desolation make where once blest 

"""'Pu cr AX ST^^^ WhateTerbetbe5*iistowhichbeha» 

b stopped by gnef (and loth to shew MnM, whether they have alreadj 

"^""Xn^T^ *"r.^hty cha^^^ ^^^" minifested, or ar^stW in r«erv7. 

What call they mean ? sSre 'tis some ^^^^inent ^nd extraordhtary eriOiU 

When Cod Mends great punishmenU to *!*«' ^ ?▼« «« ">«€> ^^S^ his attOT- 

aena. Hives to mend." *»^»t «« "«» positivelyaffirmed, will 

He warns mankind by jfeSl^^^A their ^ 1812 take place. WhoeTer takes 

-U-- • .• •• re- • -«-•« -« "P Moore's Almanack with faith iit 

Th., ««7»''"» »f ^£« » •8»^ '!: A.lroJogy must make .ome .ecMt in- 

peated la Ibe foUowtng year, 1810. terpreUlloD and application of hi» 

*"*"» Conjectures. This, 1 know, somem 

♦* When first the all-wtse Being did dis- time past hare done ; and I als* 

perse [verse, fcnow, that they have failed both in 



His mighty works quite round the uni- 
Tbe Sun, tbe Moon, and Stars, created he. 
For Signs, for Seasons^ Times, and 



Years to h^J 



{Feb,) 



And if the Stars for i^liiS^Xiib created 
were. 



the interpretation and applicatioi^. I 
of course shall be liable to the same 
errors in my attempt of having Moo as 

PUT TO THE TEST. 

1. '* Spain, it is to he feared, will have 
her glory buried in obliman, as well as thmtt 

{Mas,.) 



Sometbiitg si^^mficant must needs ap- ^Portugal: 

P«^ " {March,) g^ u J Gownman suffers.** (AW.) 

In the same year, 1809, that Moore interpretation. — This must meatt 

conjectured some " lucid appearances ^^jj^^ a Lawyer or a Clergyman; but 

in the air,'' he thought also that some jf , mistake not, in time past, he haa 

miracles would be wrought ; for at the termed the former a Gentleman of the 



top of December he writes, 

** A Year of Wonders we have passed 
o'er, 
Vet still a Sea of Troubles are at door: 
The Heavens frown ; I see a clouded air, 
I see the Stars for some great fVork pre- 
pare." 

And again, in the same Almanack (p. 
4T) he conjectured, that ** many emi- 
nent and extraardinary events and 
alterations v^ill short! > come to pass, 
aiid shew themseUes upon the sta^e 
<>f Eurttpe.*' This conjecture he again 
repealed in April ol 4he following 
year in these words: " buch matters 
are now approaching, and will be 
brought to light, as the most knowing 
and intelligent persons but little 
dreamed of." 

What Moore means by Signs and 
eminent and extraordinary events 
Time has yet to disclose, unless the 
appearance < f the Comet must be con- 
sidered as The Sign. Respecting 
Comets, he thus writes. 

** When fieiy Comets o'er these Nations 

rise, [skies ; 

And splendid lightning gilds the upper 



Long Robe. 1 will therefore aay 
some Clergyman will suffer in hia 
reputation, and be deposed or suspen^ 
dedfrom the ministry. This interpre- 
tation I adopt, because a little before 
he conjectures that 

3. " Law Suits, and Religious Com- 
TEOVERsiES'* will be " too much in vogue .''* 

(Nov.) 
And likewise thai 

4. ^^ A noted Cterh, Scrivener, or Ac- 
countant, meets disgrace** (Nov.) 

5. **A Lady tfno mean birth meets sor- 
row and ajfiiction, perhaps a Divorce 
near this Tme." (/STov.) 

This seems to be a prominent 
feature in the events of 1812, as it is 
repeated in his Hieroglyphic* And 
Moore observes, " 1 make no doobt 
but most of ray readers can easily con- 
strue what it means in njMiilirii/sfiite.** 

6. " Some Great Man will be very active 
iu the impeai>ltment of another.** (June,) 

7. " It will be a very l/usy tisne wkh 
sciihhhrs and seeUtioUs news-writers^ wb» 
labour to seduce people with faars au4 
lealuusies against their superiors.** 

AH 



1 SJ 2. J Thd Prophecies in Moore'5 Almanack considered. H > 

Atid he affirms, io the followiog Moore, which haye neTer beeo faU 

Bontli, that '* luaoj are the fear* and filled ; nor has aoj thing approxiin^* 

Jealousies of most people,*' which we ting thereto. What will the ad vocatea 

may natarallj suppose will arise, if of Astrology say to Ihali Will thej: 

mne^ntHiutional and traiterous pro- saj, that ttie free agency of Maa 

^eeifi'f^ssfaovld come to Tight, which' prevented thera ? Indeed, if Planetarr 

MoorefaaspointedatiQlSlI and 1812 influence he said or thon;{bt to de- 

thass »tr#y free agency, it is henealh th» 

S."Peoplehave now theireyes opened; notice of every Clirislian, Thefneodi 

they see and know who are theirs and ^^ ^^^ inaintiin, Ihat it is not contrarr 

theklngdom's enemies." {March 1811.) to the Chrr8lianrcligion,f)ul sanctioned 

«.^^»«fynowappearswHh80defor«ed ^^'^''^^l' »"*^' »" VST:[ '*'*''*'"'• ^"^^ 
an aspect, that it wiU never be able to f*'^^** passages of Scri^, tare, w». Gen- 
force itself aay naore upon these Protes- '' 
tant nations." (April 1811.) *' God said, l^t there be Kghts m the Ihw 

^Somc anxious spirit would disturb f**™*"^^^^***" ^**^*^"» ^**^'^"^*^ tl»«<laT 

the state, ^^"^^ *^« "'?ht? and let them be fpr 

By fectious fury make it unfortunate ; Signs, and for Seasons, and for days and 

But stay awhile, the f^r shews bis ^^^^' 

A A^, ***,?'. „ V ,..^ ^ \ (misled. Again in Jeremiah, x, 9. 

And how by's in-hatck'd brood, he way ,,» ^. > • •• 

Thty use all tricks to make a better "^ «ot dismayed at the -Si^tM of Hea* 

tale, ^^^ » fo*" ^he Heathen are dismayed at 

But Justice wffl not let the knaves ^«^" 

prevaU." (Oct. 1811.) They say, that in this J^ parage tb# 

Ths Biscotxet and PuNisHHXNT ^^^P^«^ ^ocs uot dcuy the eaiatence 

•F A HOLT PtoT AiiD TaAiTORs' o^ conslitution of such Signt; ftnti 

Plots, is again repeated in his Al- *'f"?'^ ^^^ g*od and pious not to b^ 

aunackfor this yearl812, thus: »fraid of them, and to raise their 

«mj.t.^, ,««««.. ^ ,,. rrratotr;r'tKrr:j 

FuH oftVti thoseWt do ambition love. T ^ *"! assistance who is the firk 

Their cursed darh designs to light are r^**!' who is the Ruler, and was th« 

brought; [thouffht ^^^^.^' ^^ t'^ose divme oraeks or 

For there's a key unlocks each secret ^a'"^»S«- ^^ Astra inclinant^ sed notu 

A *#^/>i<><, or no pretended cause necessUant.'' lUm, *' Jstra reguni 

Can e*er ensnare us, or o*ertum our f^^^^ifi^'* sed regit astra Daes." An 

Laws." (f/uly,) additional sanction to their doctrina 

^. "GaflferPope l' adduced from the Gospel of SU 

^tb aUhisitraogams, nowisoutof hope ^4*?®» ^\ **'• wherein Jesus Christ i« 

Bis Imps in masquerade do meet dis- ***" '® "*^® declared that." Gr^ti^ 

grace; Signs shall be from heaven,"(v. 1 1.) at 

Tarn up the mask, and so behold the ^ ^'"^^ when " nation shall rise tip 

ft«e." (Sept.) against nation, and kingdom agamtf 

*njttTraitors* plots tike wandering atoms Hl^fi^?""-!' ^^- ^^'^ ^"** *S*'°» ** **J«r* 

ffy, *^*" *>e -S^^* M» ^*« Sun, and in the 

And on their lieads pay tenfold usury. " Moon, and in the Stars? and upon 

. iDec) ^7® earth distress of nations with per* 

^' J Design ^considerable importance f'^V/^^ 1*^,*^""^ ^''^^^f /^^^^^^ 

aooD discovers itself to the world, to the r ?,• ^^* ^^J ""^ Saviour told his 

disappointment of its contrivers." (Autt) '°"^^ers, that " when these (signs) 

•ri.-^ •* * ic . . come to pass,'* they must** then look 

U^T*lZ^.'''y''^u-''^\\^''^ "P- and lift up' their heads/ for 

Moore to the test : which I have their" redempliondraweth nigh." He 

ttoiightitworthmywhiletodoforthe also enjoined them to watch fad nrar 

S^JIX^^ffi Lr-'v^'^'n"?': alwaysShat Ihey may be ac^ 3 

^ ^.Jhr T^ t^T!l 7^^,D«'[" worthy to escape all those things 

1^1^^ ^aJ'^\^^ ^}^'''^''' . I" ^*'- *''^' '^''^^ <^«™« to pas., and to rt3 

iecliwi toAstrology it may with jus- before the Son of Man.' 

iicc De stated, that many important A„^#k^ j l . 

emit have heea conjecturad bv ^"^ther, and perhaps the principij 

veeu s;oojeciuraa py ,e,^^^ ^^^ ^^^ induced me to put 

' Moore 



1 20 The Prophectes in Moore*5 Almanack tmsidtrfi. {fth. 

Moore to the left, if that exptanation shall come in the clouds oflicaveiily gfe»y, 

wliicb be has gWcn, whether in whole and «hall de«t«jy the enemy wkh fh«* 

or io part I will not pretend to »ay, H>>ri*of *»» month.- 

of the emineni extrmordmary and Again, 

^remi evenii to which he has, for «p^^ ^^^ book of PropbiKues of EnM 

thetie last three or foor yeaw, «ic ^j^^^ ^^ij, ^^^ -^ g^ Georc^* 

coMiTely alloded s which explanation Church at Venvce. 

it to he found in the Hieroglyphic for « ^nd toward the latter dars twahrigU 

ISll ; where he writes thus: ^„^ ^a/l ^,yi^ raising np wen lyhi^ 

**I wish to remind my readers of what dead in their sins, being Hke to the fast 

I believe to be a great truth, that God »tar having the iface of the four beasts, 

wiR in doe time refvrm and purge his which shall resist the bcMt and the 

Cktnvk, It is also my opinion, drawn watersofthe dragon, testi fy me or preach-i 

from political and other observations, inf the name and the Uw of the Laoih^ 

that we are necar tike dewnutg 4tf tome the destruction of abomiotitiao, mmI 

tmportant cktmffe, or at least of some- iudgement, and shall dim iuish his waters, 

thing very important, which the sacred but tkey shall be weakened in the bread rf 

ha^d of Providence at present withholds affliction^ and tbcy shall rise ajrain ia 

lifom us ; for there will be a time of groat stronger force. After the abomination 

aUeratims tn all nations, as is mentioned then shall truth be revealed, and the 

in the 12th rfiap. of the Prophet Daniel." tAMB SfiALL be knowk, to whom ra- 

•- , „. I u*^c ioi» * eions and countries shall submt their 

•^^^^f "'^T^lyph'^^^^r 1811 put l^^^^^ ^,,^ ^^^ eartJdymen shaU agree 

ne m mmd of the letter of your ^„^^^ ,„ ^^^ ^^ come into one foU| 

Correspondent '• Scriptory which and to be ruled under one discipUne : and 

aueared in yo«r Nomhers for April ^fter that shall be but a smaU Hme r 

andllavlSOSfCOBtainiBffsofBeeQrions -, ,-.., » n v a :-.!.:- 

fe«iarks oo the Signtlr ^ Sun and ,, ^/\ ^'/7'*- \ ^' \^'JL ^t2 

a#«.^ M^»..:*K«*.«jc»<* c^./«««^^ Pastoral Instructions, addressed \0 

Sr;re,2ro:Srrf iL a':S theCatholic.oflbcMid.3„dCountI« 

Mtn^rdinary. ,et there bave been "^ ?u"?'''Sf''u"? " • ^"^ ""^ •'""Jk"" 

•tHer writer^iho ha^e tb«.gbt, that, «f tbe.r ReBRMm V-ejeoarage. f be 

yrerioat to ChriH'. leeonladvent *=5P'''*''^'»" »<^ ""J »P*>y^PSIl"fJ 

ther« will appear one or more ditme f.^ »?*,♦" ™»^« »' «od » Projbeh ut 

BeneiiKer. to prepw« 'be wa, for the *'"' f»"<""»g *«*<«» • (P- 8 and 9.> 

Mtabli*nment of tftegleriourkingdom " We are now in the sixUi age, the 



•f their bt««fed Maiteraud Redeemer : of increased warfare and desolation, tb« 

a* may be leen in the following ex- ageoftheextiiwtionoftlwRomaBEmpira 

tncto from an old edition of f ox'$ (»••* prepent Eroperoi's title »f.'n| •»• 

Book of Martj,.. p. 744, (b) 746 (a. r/"^,*fi"!,V"*i«'''/ "f^ t!^"^ 



^. av J»r i \ J \ and ap<Ktacv, of Elias and Hendt^s 

'^ pearance, of the Conversion of the Jews, 

•« From the Prophecies of Methodius, ^f Antichrist's coming and persecotioifc 

Bishop of Olympus, &c. !„ the seventh age, the ni>stcrv of God 

•• When great tribulation shall increase shall be finished in the second coming af 

and mnltiply in the days of Antichrist, jesus Christ." 

fnd all lordship and dominion shaU be A pain 

destroyed, the Lord shall send his two « 5r * xt ^ ..» r *» ». • 

/.tlV^ and dear servants Enoch and , ." ^e see that the Jews, after haTinjp 

H^LY to reprove and detect the false, l«n«nJerthe curse of God and man lor 

seducing, aiid lying foi-eries of this ei^teen centunes, <m: now rtsm^ U 

Antichrist, openly before aU men ; so *^ "Trr""^' "T ••****'^ "^ 

that the pcople,seeing themselves falsefy *«'^«* together, in order, as wamyweB 

heguiled^md seducid by this son of f^W^^ /f adutowle^ m tha ftiwt 

petition, coming out of the temple dis- P]*^' * ^^^^**> t!,?"^ ^P' "^^ 

iemblingly to the destruction of many, the preaehtng rf thetrstiU surmvmg prm^ 

shall leave and flee from him, and join P^^ ^LiAS, the true one :. ' 

tiiemselves to the said two holy prophets; We here see and read the opinion 

which son of perdition, and Antichrist, And instruction of J Raman CaiMoik^ 

seeing his proceeding;s so to be reproved .- ■ ■» 

aad brought into contempt, in his fnry * This pamphlet was published at WoV 

and anger shall kill the two prophets <^ verhampton in Staffordshire in the bepi^ 

God; and then shall appear the iS^ of ningoflSlI. 

the coming of the Sob of Man j and bt t John r. 43* X Malach. iv. 5> 6. 

aad 



The Prophecies of Moore'^ Alnumack domidered^ 121 

^M1ght not the judgments on Spain 
and Purtv|ral ht\m pouring out orth^ 
fifth vial ? This question I put t^idh* 
oat professing: to adopt any writer^ 
plan upbii such intricate subfocts. But 
these^ and such likie subjects, are cer- 
tainly, to use Moore's expression; 
*' Great and lofty things;'* and if, at 
Mr. Faber thinks, part of the business 
of the intermediate (4, 6, and 6th) 
Tials he to collect the Kings of the 
earth to the great hattle of the Lord, 
and to prepare ^popish and infidel con* 
federaci/, which will be finally broken 
inlhc days of the vintage, some wilt 
think thcmiielves warranted in the ex- 
pectation of speedily beholding** somf 
eoiiueut and extraordinary events;*' 
arid Moore says, that this year will 
disclose such: if, however, this year 
1^12 should merely open the door to 
such, so that ** great expectations'* 
are excited ** amongst the people of 
something of very eminent concern," 
and if a few of his other principal con«^ 
jectnres should bear a resemblance to 
some of the leading events of this* year^ 
theu 1 will again become a purchaser 
of Moore's AlmantUrk ; for I have 
made the above extracts from a bor-. 
rowed book ; but till the present year 
lias expired, I will remain neuter, botlh 
as to Moore, and the schemes of the 
above quoted writers ; aud therefor* 
subscribe myself, 

Yours, &c. Ncc pao, nbc cok* 



and a noted Prelate amongst th^ 
Catbolicks. Let ut now refer to the 
opinion of a truly mpettalilc Dis^en- 
fer,thelateJ)r.Z>(M/rfr/<%tf,asexprc88ed 
iflhis Divinity Lectures, vol. 11. p. 499* 
"How far the form of government and 
idijion anibng the Jews, may, upon 
their restoration to their/own land, b« 
chinged from what it originally was, we 
einnoteert^nly say, but it is exceedingly 
fnbdiie, that so much of their antitfut 
law wiM continue in force, as can be re- 
conciled with the genius of the Cbristiaft 
religion.; and ihat God will raise up some 
^'wily inspired Prophets among them, 
with a full declaration of his mind and 
Vill in relation to a variety of questions, 
which we have not light enough to decide : 
and some have thought, that EUas, i. e. 
hkn the Baptist, (of whom the Old 
Tt^timent prophesied by that naine) 
will then.be raised, from the dead, and 
bear a cons;dcrable part in the glorious 
work of .converting and settling them.'* 
Jtrm.i\\, 15; Malachi iv. 5. 6; Jtg'ffries^% 
fimop, p. 142^, Mede eti Mwk 1. 14. 

The Rev. G,. S. Faber j a learned 
Divine^ a Proteitant^ and no mean 
omameM of our e^ublished Churchy 
wrolcthusiu 1806 on ** the vials." 

"And the 6fth angol poured out his 
nal upon the seat of the beast : and his 
kiogdum was full of darkness, and they 
piawed their tongues for psun,^and blas^ 
pheiDedthe God of heaven, because of 
tWirpains and their sores, andrepented 
not of dieh- deeds.** 

What is precisely : meant by thit 
judgment it is impossible at present 
Jodelcrminc with any certainty, inas- 
niuch as it i< yet future^ A few moMhs 
afterwards Mr. F. wrote thus (Dissec- 
talioB, vol. 11. p. 344.) 

" I dare not even now positively say, 
' u>at the effusion of the J^'th vial has 
Wfflittenced, though I scruple not to say 
^^i there are strong reasons for believ- 
iug that the ftfth vial has begun to be 
|)oured6ut. 1 repeat that I am unwilling 
I tt present positively to make such asser<- 
tioQ. If no events answering totbose 
<^ncribed under theft/tk vitU, shall take 
J>lace between the present tinie (1«06) 
wl tke din/>r^'0lloftheTarhihMimarchy 
the sixth vial), I hesitate not to say, 
that tha^ vial, which immediately suc- 
*^ the commencement of the scorch- 
es nihtaiy tyranny predicted under 
^fnurth, must have begun to be you red 
wt in the Ute disastrous campaign (in 
'JOS, when " the fatally decisive battle 
wAmteriitz" took place.) 

Gent. Mag. Felruaty, 1812. 



Mr. Urban, Feb, 5. 

YOUft Correspondent Yki m\U in 
ToddVeditiouofMilton*sPoeticai 
works, vol. VI. p. 92, find some eluci- 
dation to his query in p. 38. 

The note I refer to is as follows : 
** The first instance 1 remember in our 
poetry of the circumstance of a peal of 
Bells, introduced as descriptive of fes^ 
tivity, is in Morley's Madrigals : 
. * Harke, jolly shephcards, 
Harke yon lustie ringing ! 
^ow cheerfiUlie the belli do daunce. 
The whilst the lads are springing. 
Go then, why sit we here delaying, 
And all yond merrie wanton lasses, 
playing.' - . 

''Here too, as in oui^ Author [meaning 
ih Milt5if 8 L' Allegro, line 93,] thfey ara 
introduced^j^an aecompahiment of the 
mirth oT aviliage hoDday. EnglawTs' 
Helicon, }614, But see'Shakespcare^ 
Henry IV. Part II. A. IV. Sc. IV. ; . 
^ Aud bid the merry belli go round'.'* 

youri,fcc. a. 8. 



4 



I 



1st Pra»iHmHsfM an imfMriant Pari of a IHcHonary. [Feb. 



Mr. ttiBAir« Jmm. IT. auuiMcriptt wbidi be cmiM pr«ciiret 

THE wmnt of a more geMnJ 1m^ jel be had not been able to find all of 
lidi Dictiooary tbao wbat we at tbe former, and ma&T i^ tbe latter 
f resent poaesi, hit long been a deti* eiiit odIj in lew baiidf» and are per* 
eratoiB hi the lUerary world. — ^That bapt Tefj fanperfect. Other prorin* 
of Dr. Johmon it certainly a stopen- rial dialects there may be also* that 
dons work for a single individiial i have not yet excited the curiosity of 
liot his omissions are exceedingly na- any collector, and coosequentW re* 
■leroBs, as the Supplement to that main at this time Kttera non sctipta« 
work, and the Tarioos English T}\c* Gradoally to collect every proYia^ 
lionaries published since nis time, dal dialect in England, whether ft 
clearly ef mce. Besides, Dr. Johnson's may be already printed or in MS. or 
total ignorance of the Gothic and not yet committed to paper, and eren 
Anglo-Saxon langnag es, as well as his to amplify and extend those already 
Yery riight acquaintance with the okl printed or in MS. would be to lay the 
French, render the etymological pari foundation of that General English 
of his Dictionary more than oroina- Dictionary so much wanted, 
rily defective. Now, Sir, there is no * periodkal 
The plan of the late Mr. Bouchier, paper which appears to me so pecu- 
Ticar of Epsom, was calculated to liarly adapted to this purpose as the 
supply thisiKficieocy. He proposed td Gentleman's Magazine: the general 
publish a Dictionary of all those words difinsion of the work, and the kn<rwn 
omitted by Dr. Johnsoil, as well old celebrity of the Editor for ArchsBdlu* 
Words as those belonging to different gical attainments, could not ^1 to 
proTiacial dialects, which are pretty ensure its success. To dedicate a 
nearly the same thing, for there are few pa^es to this object must be 
few ProTiocialisros wbidi are not Ar* highly honourable, as containing the 
chaisms also; although there may ground-work of a Creneral £i»liih 
indeed be, and there certainly are. Dictionary, which would in&mblj' 
Provincialisms originating in erro- sooner or later be the result, 
neons spelling or m vicious pronun- ^ ITonn, &c. Air EtTHOLocitr. 
ciaf ion, but by far the greatest sum- » 
ber of country words is of another Mr. UasAif, Hmekneyy Jmn. 28. 
description, and to be found in the TN p. 564 of your last volume, your 
cideit English writers ; which affbrda JL Reviewer notices Sir John Carr's 
a certain proof that Ihey were for- remark on tbe impropriety of Forei^- 
merly in more general use, though ers holding the situation of British 
they have now retired to different Consuls. If my recollection docs not 
remote parts of th'is Island. A slight fail me, Willyams' Voyage in the 
acquaintance with Gower, Lydgate, Svriflsure, indudin? the ever-memo* 
Chancer, and even Sha*kspeare, is suf- rable liattle of the 'Nile, contains 
ficient to prove this beyond a doubt, similar remarks; and that a Coniull 
A catalogue of those words, with the gave information to the French Ad- 
sense in which each word is used in the miral of Lord Nelson's havmg met 
district to which it belongs, woujd with so much damage as to reqiiira' 
consequently be of great use to eluci- great repairs before he could nroceed t' 
date and explain many of oar antient and which his Lordship, with bis orani 
Poets, whicn are at present, owing to forecast, supposed wouJd be the case, 
that deficiektcy, unintelligible to the His Lordship had met with damage i 
generality ^f Readers. Mr.Bouchier^s b'dt it^was such as could not preclude 
plan, had he lived to accompli A it, his ardent mrod from pursuing the 
as far aswe can judge from bis perfect Enemy, although he kept from UUr 
cbmpeten<% to such an nndertaking, British Consul Uie exact sitnatioB ll« 
manifested by the publication of the was in. 

first letter of the alphabet of his As ^ as rebtes to BritiA Cenaula 

v#ork since his death, would have in to the great States of Europe, tfaey 

a great measure, though perhaps not are persons of high respectability sm 

altogether, remedied this defect: for commercial knowled^i but, vrbea 

although that very learped and indaa» we proceed to the Baraary States, the 

trioot gentleman had collecled all Mediterranean, and the jLevant, tbe 

the provincial dialects in print and in case icems otherwise t with the e^. ' 

• cei^km 



l$tS.] Tke EJbicaiim proper fir Commistaru^ and Consuls. US 



«eptkm of the India Coffipanj^s resi* 
wit at Aieppot Cairo, and Bussdra. 
fiftj jeart ago* when we po«»etaed a 
loarishin^ trade to the CeTant» the 
Adriatic, ^od the Gulph of Genoa, we 
Jiid eminent Merchants for our Con- 
mIi; and at Aleppo we had luch a* 
loorisbing factory as to call forth 
very liTely approbation from the Rer. 
Mr. llaondrdi, who published his 
Travdi from that place throngh Pa> 
leitine. ETents that bare arisen 
priaeipally out pf the Americaii^War 
(for from it may be dated the rest- 
(cfluess of mind that has pervaded 
Europe ever since) having reduced 
our trade to these quarters, British 
mercbants lost their footing i the 
French obtained the trade of the 
Levant and the Arthipelago $ and 
oar Government, I presume, finding 
an iodiflerence in British subjects, for 
want of encouragement, to fill the 
post of Consul, persons filled that 
aoouralile post of various natious as 
ofiy^ themselves recommended. As 
i|i Englishman, however, I feel it 
right to add, that none but English*' 
nieo should have the British Union 
lying before their houses. The Bri- 
tish Consul at Algiers, not Very long, 
siace, afforded protection under it to 
all the resident Consuls of other na^ 
ti%Mi an honourable refuge this — fo^ 
the British flag! I am equally as fr^e 
to confiois, that encourageriaent is not 
safideAtly held out for young men 
of edaeation and talents to become 
ciftlier Commisiiaries or Consuls, both 
of wkcNB oi^lit to spring out of the 
anefebnta* corapting-house. Young 
MB powcaaiog liberal educations have 
' ^itii^io been designed for the learned 

G^aMioosy or for India, India con- 
eoanaercial men of learning, as 
veil as in the civil and military es- 
tiWighmgnta of that country i witneas 
the^ pufiliGations, and the posts they 
01 if dien the though t« of parents 
vefeiomedmore to the two objects 
ibefCp and if encouragement was held 
out HI ttiieae two departs^nts, a little 
^mm QisAy irottld elapse before we* 
tii«m weU fiUedt and not 
^ ei^oy the honour of acting 
Ibe British Union abroad 
tt «#iii^ persons ouit their clas- 
•woolsto i^o to College Cor the 
Iniaad professions, young persons 
M^otd for the Commissariat and 
Cooattkr departments, should enter 
«i a «oofH «f SpMiish, (ikrmaos or 



Italian, with Geography, Toyagef, 
and Travels, in the Comp^ing-houseV 
into which, it is presumed, they ar^ 
now entered i having« it is also prsM 
sumed, been taught with the Latin 
the French tonrue. These studies, 
joined to their daily emplojT in their 
commercial pursuits, such as boob> 
keeping, correspondence, and ex* 
ehaoge, would as regularly fit them 
to fill those stations reputably, as We 
see the College fit persons lor tho 
Church, the Bar, and Medicine, 

In submitting this detail to your 
Readers, I am in hopes (if found 
worthy of admission), this will meei 
the eye of such who are capable of 

fiviog a bias to th^ ideas submitted, 
ruth pbliges me to say that the 
French, in what is called the geogni« 
pbical staff of the army,, in the com* 
missariat, and in their consuls, eixe^ 
us in persons of liberal education and 

feoei-al information,^^Tbe Coropting* 
ouse youth, after the duties of the 
day, will find far more improvemeut 
and pleasure in pursuing his research^ 
inta th^ travels of coniinereial men, 
thah too many find in leSs innocent 
pursuits of the evening. In what 
way, would I ask, can a youth find 
more satisfaction^ for an hour or two 
of an evening, than reading, for In* 
stance, Hanway*s Travels into Russia, 
down the Volga, across the Caspian 
sea, and into Persia? After a lapse of 
almost forty year^ I recollect with 
pleasure my boyish di^s, when this, 
and works like this, occupied my 
evenin|^ hoyrsi and fitted me for ge* 
neral ideas, both of Commerce and 
Geography, And on the other baodji 
if encouragement is held out, surely 
there will not be wanting persons fit 
to fill those stations in whicH the well* 
being of their country is concemed^-i 
both in a commercial and political 
point of view, T, W. 

J^, S, It most be presumed that ) 
am not confining a Compting-hotiM 
jouth to reM Voyages and Trave^ 
only. No youn? man, when he ent^a 
life as a British merchant, pu^ht tp 
be ignorant of the History of his owtt 
Country, During th^ uve or ti^ 
jean apprenticeniip to a m^rch^tn 
a youth, if he lays bi^ time out pro* 
perly, may poasess such general know^ 
lei^e, as well as local infoirmation, m 
to become a well*infoi'ii|ied, a< well M 
a r^fpecUAIe Mefiher of So^ietjt 

Mr. 



12# . Sociky for promoiingOit^iamiyyinong the Jews. [Feb. 

■ 

.• Mr. UiiB4ir, PkttUcOy Sov. 10. 

THE legitimacy of the efibrts of the 
" Londoo Society foe promoting 
Xhristiaoity amongst the Jews*' hav- 
ing been, called in question by many 
.▼ery sincere and pious servants of the 
Lord Jetas, in common with others 
jof all descriptions, thereby depriving 
the Society of their so much needed 
ciMiperatiun and support ; 1 trust 
you. will insert this feeble attempt to 
vaqswer some of the objections ad- 
T anced against them } frankly owning 
that, if their endeavours are indefcn- 
aible on the grounds of Scripture and 
.experience, all they are doing are 
jDseasares, of presumption, which, 
.without iiefitation, ought to be abnor 
sdoued, as fighting against the purposes 
-and providence of God. 

The foundatioB of all active effort, 
whether of a pubUc or private nature, 
So€ '* turning the hearts of the dis- 
.obedient to the^ wisdom of the just,*' 
ris the general commission of our Lord 
%Q bis ApcMtles, to *' go into ail na- 
;tio08» and preach the Gospel to every 
cremturci^* and* in order to encoo- 
vage their successors to the same pious 
Viraertaking. he graciously affirms 
that h^ will be with them always even 
tto the emd of ike world. Her^ then, 
.«s to authority, the Society might 
,inake a stand, and plead the peculia- 
rity of the education, prejudices, and 
.circuQsMuices of the antient people 
.4>f God, for directing their endeavount 
,to that exfikmve channeL But an 
idea, seems to be abroad in the world, 
4hat the Jews are excepted in this 
•comfuission, because ikeUr blindness 
.isnol the same as that of the Gentile^^ 
•but of.an entirely jn^texo/ nature, the 
■removal of which will be the miracu- 
4ous work of the Lord, unaided by 
^e usual intervention of means; and 
that, according to present aiipenr* 
ances, the Lord's time is not comq. 
This appears to .me to be making e:x- 
ception^Dot warranted by the word 
of God.* Our blessed Saviour, as if 
foreknowing that such an interpreta- 
tion would be put on his words, in 
another place removes the ohjection, 
by expressly directing the Preachers 
Xa the Gospel to begin at Jerusalem ; 
and, lest St Paul's observation ad- 



dressed to the Jews, that, judging 
them unworthy of eternal life, he left 
them as it were to their fate, and 
turned to the Gentiles, should be 
miiuaderstood) a itaiidiog ministry 



•was established amongst thera under 
Si. Peter, emphatically the Apostle 
lof the Circumcision; and this at a 
time when the Judidnl blindness of 
.the Jews, as- a nation, was as great as 
at present 4 tind when the Lord*s time 
was removed nearly 1800. years from 
what it is whilst using our humble 
endearours. Beside^, the Lord's time 
is his ovn, and we have nothii^ to do 
with decrees which are not clearly 
revealed in his word i but theiime of 
his labourers isahtoys arrived, whilst 
4berc is a plant to dress or to prune 
.in his vineyard. That the work is 
the Lord's, I dare not, nor would I 
deny 9 but this is the case with every 
individual convert, whether Jew or 
Gentile: vre are not, therefore, to 
shut op our pulpits, that the arm of 
the lord may be the more fully re* 
vealcd. The use of means in the cases 
of both is the same: the use of the 
means is with tcs, while we look to 
'the Lord for the blessing : the bread 
is cast on the waters, and we expect ] 
not to find it again to-day or to- 
morrow. 

The experience of the ways of the 
Lord also affords us a ground of en- 
cour^ement, and leads us to hope 
that his purpose of n^rcy towarns his 
long-corrected, but still rememl>ercd, 
people, is nearly approaching. Where- . 
fore this banding of Christians to^ I 
gether (not for persecution, but) to 
consult for their good ; to impart of 
their substance; to entreat bv their 
prayers that Israel's God would once 
more become the God of Israel ? 
Wherefore, I say, this rising of heart 
and affection towards them, but frooi 
the drawhigs of the Spirit of God, ex- 
citing petitions which he gracioosi j^ 
.means to answer s and stimulating 
exertions which he happily means to 
bless ; thereby indicating as a special 
act of bis providence, that his tiwt^ is 
at hand, by promoting a feeling un- 
known to such an extent in former 
ages? 

The sums collected for tbe Society 'a 
use have also been stated as greatly 
exceeding the extent of their otiject, 
not more than 14,000 Jews residiii^ 
within the United Xingdoin; bnt 
these maintain a correspondence witk 
their brethren of every nation, where 
MLisions may in time be established^ 
together witn Schools, requiring funds 
beyond the power of present <^cula- 
tion. Tbe &cilUict> Indeed, afforded 

^7 



IS 12.] ^ Conversion of the ievfs.-^Incriase of Sectaries. ' 12S 



by such Schools for 'vioiatibg (as it 
has been called) the natural ties of 
parent and child, form a prominent 
feature in the objecUoos of some of 
our brethren ;A)ut do we indeed know 
the value of Jesus, and the yaluc of 
souls; and do we indeed believe there 
is salvation in no ot'ier? and can we 
forhear (w,hile we abhor persecution 
and the forcing of conscieoce) to af* 
ford facilities, for the abuse of which, 
on tb^ part of unnatural children, we 
cannot, ia fairness, be reckoned ac* 
Countable; holdin*; forth, as they do, 
so ready -a method of iustillin<^ the 
Christian . Religion ? Our Army and 
Navy might almost as soon be con- 
demned as a^ording facilities scarcely 
inferior. 

The necessarily confined limits of 
^uch an Address preclude an answer 
ia form to many objections; respect- 
ing which I commit the cause to God. 
•The misapplication of St. Paul's cx-p 
pression, that ** blindness in part hath 
happened to Israel till i\iG- fulness of 
the Gentiles shall come in" is recti" 
Bed by Mr. Faber and others. I shall 
conclude by entreating objectors once 
more to consider their views of the 
subject I to compare them wjth Scrip- 
lure ; and» above all things, to reilect 
with a becoming seriousness of mind 
on that awful and heart-afiecting 
truth, that, if we are right, they are 
excluding themselves from the glory 
of contributing to the salvation of 
Israel ; while, if we are wrongs they 
would merely incur, b^ supporting 
ihe; cause, an immaterial temporal 
loss, which would, however, be more 
tbaji rewarded by the answer of a 
gttod conscience towards God, that, 
m simplicity and godly sincerity, they 
have endeavoured to make kndwn to» 
them, UiM, who is *' the salvation of 
his people Israel." It is pleadeij that 
we can do no good ; but they may be 
sure, that, if they refuse to join us, 
they caunot do any, in this respect, 
whatever they may do m others. Let 
them contribute their efforts, and 
being foiin^ in the way^ who knows 
but God may bless them ? At all 
events, so far as the Society *9 aims 
shall be.f(mnd consistent with reason 
and Scripture, I presume on tbeir 
behalf to solicit an interest in the 
|irayeri of your Readers. £« J. L* 



Mr. Urb^h, 



Feb. \. 



IOFTESf r^flecj^ with pleasure on 
the advantage derived from our 



having so widely circulated and well» 
conducted a Miscellany at yonri con- 
fessedly is, in which dangers, that 
threaten our Ecclesiastical Establish- 
ment Aay be pointed out, and reme- 
dies proposed for eiiisting evils. It 
is (melancholy to observe the exer- 
tions that are nrade to disseininate 
throughout the land wild and vision- 
ary notions of Religion, There u 
cause to -dread that the Friends to our 
National Church will ceaie to consti- 
tute the majority of professed. Christ- 
ians in these realms, if Sectaries caiu 
tinue to increase in number, power, 
and consequence, for the iifty yean 
to come, as they notoriously have 
done for the:half century that is past. 
The Calviaistic aud Arntiniaii Mer 
thodists, the Papists, and other. Non- 
conformists, are strainin<^ every nerve 
to gain proselyket among the adult 
members of the coinm unity, -aad to 
get the education of the young^, es- 
pecially of the poor, into thoir Jiauds. 
.Their views are prospecti|ret they 
found thei^ hopes of ultima^ auccesi ^ 
on the rising generation, A jnagni- 
ficent structure has lately been erect- 
ed in Hind-street, near Manchester* 
square, by the followers of Wesley i 
the entire ground-floor of which i» 
afipropriated to the purpose of a 
school for initiating th|} : young in 
principles, opposite, if not hostile, to 
those of oiir Church establishment. 
The Papists have lately built a Cha- 

{)el in Somers': Town ; and, it is said, 
lave purchased another, nearly facing 
the. Workhouse belonging to M^ryle- 
bone parish on the New-road. They 
are equally active, with the Metho- 
dists, in attracting converts to their 
mode of worship, by making chart- 
table donations to grown-up persons, 
and imparting gratuitous instruction, 
religious, as well as in reading, writ- 
ing, &c. to the children of the lower 
orders of. society. Amidst these dan- 
gers, it becomes the advocates of our^ 
Church not to sit down in tupiue'iii- 
difi'erence; but to arouse their ener- 
gies, aud to pursue every n^^asuro 
with' vigour, alacrity, and perseve- 
rance, that is calculated to arrest the 
progress of Sigotry, or of tliose fan- 
cifitl and chimerical notions of Reli- 
gion, which are not less subversive of 
sound faith, than destructive to mo- » 
rality and holiness of life. ;With this 
and no other view I sbaU troableyoa 
with occasional communications oi| 
the present state of Religion in this 

Couiiti;y» 



126 Excellence of tU Ctmotu and IMurgy tf the Church. [Febw 



CiNntryt and tile ctmet wbicfa cob^ 
tribute to gmki Ditteiiterf» of mil do- 
•cnplioos, that preference wiUrllie 
lew Inmed or collhrated noln^ llie 
coMiBiioitj, which hai incopBed to 
9M alarmiDg hei]^ht» sad if crerj day 
iamasiiig. Should my rsentiinesttt 
al any tine, appear to ydlp incorrect, 
or aay way oojectiooable* I shall 
thaak yoo to Mtppretf themt hot 
whibt they teen as coodocire to pro* 
iaee beoeficial eiects, as they are 
weH tataoded, I am sure of yoor saac- 
tiaa» approbatioB» aad coacanence^ 



R.G. 



Toarsyftc. 



That the Rales or Caaoas of oar 
Chorch are admirably cakalated to 
preserve regalar disdpliae aad good 
order, ia the admiaistration of out- 
ward ordieaBc es t hat oor Liturgy b 
aa ezcalleat form of ^leTotion, s|k^- 
w^r home to die fcclines of the hom- 
Me,the contrite, aad the sincere, and 
cagagii^ the aflfectioas of the piously 
4ifp4Med| obserfcrs, frieads and foes, 
loreigaaad doawstic, have acknow* 
lei^ed. That some few alterations 
aught be made ia our public prayers, 
ia respect to words or phrases which 
are grown obsolete, or not at present 
ssea in the sense to which they are 
applied — that some curtailments 
might be ialrodaced,topreirent repe- 
litioaa, with adraatage aad fSed^ 
mast be allowed. Few and inconsi* 
iferable, however, are the changes 
n^ich ^le moderate and temperate 
lelbrmer woald projiose, whilst the 
spirit of InnoTation is unbounded. If 
you remove some parts of the veae* 
rabl^ fubrick to coaciliate certaia de- 
fcriptioas of persons i vou most take 
away aianv more, and of a totally 
^ f fer cpt fctfrft ^o ^>n the approba- 
|toa of other reformers. Perhaps, 
after ypiir utmost endeavours to 
please aU parties, yon wiU be as far 
Us ever from giving raieral satisfac- 
|i€Ni, and find your laboar uselesslj 
employed anil fruitless. With a Li- 
turgy cemfe^sedly admirable, with a 
form of Cfaur^ govenmient which 
every ratioaal aad reiectiag min4> 
unbiassed and unorejadiced, must ap- 
prove; we may ad4* with a Clergy 
for the most part d^oeat and respect- 
able, if not aealousand exemplary, 
of competent learaiag, if not of de^ 
eraditioB ; with a good dispositioa u 
the Laity, to forward aay rational 
l^bn of disseminating genuine piety 



throughout the land, such as bringing 
up the children of the poor and iilite- 
rate in the nurture and admoaitioQ 
of the Lord, and dispersing Bibles 
and pious Tracts among those who. 
are arrived Mi a mature age, but cn« 
able from poverty to provide such 
benefits for themselves ; yet we taust 
perceive an kimtu9 vmUi i^enAtM ; a 
deficiency, which it is more easy to 
see aad lament than to remedy. We 
daily lose ground. It is asserUd that 
the children of the poor aad of the. 
bighdr ranks belonging to our Ecde* 
siastical Establishment are less in*' 
structed in religions truth, aad our 
adults more ignorant of the doctrinea 
and precepts of 6od*s holv word« 
than the members of anv other Pro- 
testant communion, witnout excep- 
tion, whatever. It is generally saids 
when apprebensicms of danger am 
expressed at the prodigious increase 
of Nonconformists — *^ O i the Fana* 
tidsm of the day is only a temnorarr 
niaze ; it will soon expend itsnf, and 
die away i its motion wiH soon stop 
without any exertions to check ila 
career.** — So, I make no doubt, seve- 
ral well-meaning Neutrals said in the 
days of Cromwell. It is true, tho 
temporaiy blase of Fanaticism did 
die away, and was succeeded by a 
loose nstem of morals, during the 
reign of the Libertine M onarchCharlca 
the Second ; leaving the strings of 
Piety as much too relaxed, as thej 
had been wouad up to too high a' 
pitch. Open Impiety succeeded By« 
pocrisy and Grimace* But, whilst 
this transient blase raged, it nearly 
consumed Monarchy in the State^. 
£[iiscopacy ia the Church, aad every 
thing that is valuable ia theConstitu* 
tidtf; Nor was it extinguished before 
a deluge of blood — the blood of some 
of the best characters in the aation— 
was shed. Were those men of ardent 
imaginations, of fiery seal, but of 
little reason or judgment, those Spi^ 
ritual Quixotes, tl^ Methodists, to 
adopt the wild democratic notions of 
our popular Demagogues I what con* 
fusion might thc^ not occasion I iat* 
what a state of combustion might 
tbev not throw the Country ! To uso 
violent measures against them, would 
be only to add fuel to the flame. 
They desire, court, and giorv in perse^ 
cution. It M m soil on which thej 
would thrive. There are men of close 
embitioa and rcpnbjican principle^ 



IS 12.] Enthusiasm of Meihodists.^j^ewFirswfl of Genesk. 127 



ftmotif^ the PretbyteriaiMi and the 
picture of old Noll, suspeiided in the 
studies of lereral of their, popular 
Diyiuesi if yet regarded with affnosl 
religious Teneratioo. . The Cal?iDistic 
Meuiodifts, the follower! of the late 
Whitefield, and the disciples of the 
llate Wesley, are men of monarchical 
principles, la general, for the prev 
sent { out there is little confidence to 
he placed in meii of warm passions^ 
who are more ^overued bj whifn and 
e%price|^ than by the dictates of cool 
aad sober judgment* Nomanofpietf 
would wish Enthusiasm to rise to Such 
• height, as to injure the cause of 
rational ReligioB, and introduce an 
iodiflferenoe to the genuine doctrines 
of the Gospel. Popish Bigotry in 
foreign countries, and Fanaticism in 
our own, produced these baneful ef* 
fects, we alt know, and were the fruit- 
ful sources of Irreligion, Sce|iticism, 
aad avowed Infidelity* May the cause 
and the consequence oe equally avoid- 
ed 1 My views shall be directed to 
4iurselves. A greater number of 
Churches -^ more attention to the 
comforts and emoluments of worthy 
Parish Priests — an incre|Uie of zeal 
and devotion to the duties' of their 
sacred office, on the part of the Clergy, 
and a morei fair and regular distribu- 
tion of Preferments^ shall be recom* 
mended I and several little negligences 
and inadvertencies, as well u serious 
abuses, pointed out, that are of great 
prejudice to the good cause whidi we 
■ave at heart. 

Yours, ^ H. 6* 



IN my communications to your last 
volume^ I have perceived the fol- 
lowing errors of the press, which f 
shall eorrect for the satisfaction of 
your if^eaders. Page 511, verse W, 
for riffhi read h^ : verses 15 and ir» 
for jiluek read u^lueh. Page €09^ 
verse «, for Mi# read ihy. Page 510, 
verse 20, for lea$eth read iearetfu I 
herewith send a new translation of 
part of the 4»th Chapter of Geoests. 
which is parallel to the 33d Chapter 
of Deuteronomy^ to be subjoined 
thereto. OzoNieirsis. 

43th Chapter of Genesis. 
it Gather yourselves together, and bear 
ye sons t>f Jacob *f * 

And hearken unto Israel your fktber. 

3 Reuben, thou art my iirst^bom^ 

My might, and the banning of my la*. 

hours, [excellency 4»f power f 

The exoelleuey of superiority, and th« 

4 Unstable as water, thou sbalt not exeei. 
Forthou ascendedst the bed of thy father* 
Hien, by going up, thou defiledst mv 

couch. ^ 

5 Simeon and Levi are brethren; [ponsi 
Instruments of violence are their wca* 
G O my Sotif, enter not into their secret* 
And t to their assembly, mine honour. 

be not thou united; 
Fj>r in their anger thef slew men. 
And in their setf-%vtU ikey extirpated a 
' prince: . . - 

7 Cursed be their anger, for it was fier«e» 
And their wrath, for it was in^lacables * 
I will divide them in Jacob, 

And scatter them in IsraeL 

8 Judaht ^alt thou be, thy bceilireB. 

shall praise thee, (enemiesj 

Thy hand shall be on the neck of ttium 






f^S 



o 



• Most, if ost all, proper names in the Hebrew language designate the circuni- 
staaceSf on account of which they were severally bestowed : those contained in the 
following 'Verses signify as under r , 
Jaeob--thesupplaater«^ ^ , • . ' . 

Israel — having power with God. 

, Reubenr— behold ye the son •..«•.•..•..•,•.., ,»» -^ 

Simeon— they (who were hated) have been heard. ....*..] 

Levi— -the assqciater, I. e. he who should cause (his father and mother) to 

associate together. 

JudSb*-he' who ojienly confesses God. A name typical of the MessiahV 

who was to descend from this patriarch. , 

Issaebar — ^there is a reward. 1 ^ ^ 

ISebidon'^-Jthe habitation^ i. e. where our Saviour should reside *1 . J ^ 

^osepb^-'-he (the Lord) shall add (to me another son) \ Children of 

Be^|aaii»-<he son of gi^F ri^ hand. ....'. C RacbeL 

IHni n jnd|0r i , , i 

Kapthidi-^tbe intwistings, i.c. the secret and wcll-de^iraed V ^^if.^f^" ^ 

operations of God. *....; \ Bilhah. 

Gadf^fae assaulter. See Gen. 49, verie 19 ^ > Children of 

Att be e it ne pcosperoua or blessed. ..••......«....*• \ Zilpah. 

t This Is the^ reading of the Samaritan Psutateochy of the Septuagint, and of 
ifteen of Dr. Kenuloott's Co(Hcesv 
t^iscaboveithasigni&cationof this word. , 

Tha 



12S li'ew Version of the 49ih Chapter of Genesis. [FeK 



20 Oot of Assher shall be the richness of 
bis foody 

And he shall 3rield ro3ral dainties. 

21 Napthali is a spreading oak. 
Which produceth beautiful branches. 
S2 Joseph, thou art a son of Iruitfulnesfty 
A son of fhiitfulness, even my fountain. 
My son, my young son §, turn, thou to 

roe : 

23 And the archers sorely grieved him,' 
And contended with him, and malicious^ 

ly opjMJsed him i 

24 And his bow shall recoil with stfen5th. 
And the powers of his hands %hall bti 

corrobbrated 
By the hands of the Mighty one of Jacob, 
By the name of the Shepherd, the rock 

of Israel ; [will help thee^ 

25 By the Lord of thy fathers, and he 
And by the All-bountiful, and he will 

bless thee 
With blessings of Heaven from above. 
With blessings of the deep, that lieth 

beneath, fwouib : 

W^ith blessings of the breasts, and of ihe 

26 The blessings of thy father and mo-' 
tber II have prevailed 

Over the blessings of the mountains of 
perpet-iity, ' [^itient times r* 
Over the desirable things of the hills of 
They shall be on the head of Joseph, 
And un the crown of the bead of him^ 
that was separated from his brethren. 

27 Benjamin shall be a ravening wolf; ' 

18 1 have waited for thy salvation, O, In the morning he shall eat the portion, 

' Jehovah ! And in the evening he shall divide the. 

19 Gad^ a troop shall invade him» spoiL 

And he shall charge their rear. Oxoniensis. 



The sons of thy father shall bow them- 
selves down to thee : 

9 Judah, thou art a lion's whelp, [prey. 
Thou hast ascent led, my son, from the 
Boiling down, couching as a lion; 
And, as a lione^^s, who shall rouse him? 

10 The sceptre shall -not depart from 

Judah, [feet, 

Nor the tribual staff" from between his 
Till Sbiloh comes. 
And him shall the nations obey: 

11 Binding his ♦ fole unto the vine. 
And his ass's colt unto the Sorek f , 
Washing his cloths In wine, [grJipes : 
And his J garments in the blood of 
13 His eyes shall be red with wme. 
And his teeth white with milk. 

13 Zebulun shall dwell at the haven of 

the sea; 
And he shall be for an haven of ships^ 
And his border shall be unto Zidon. 

14 Issachar is an ass of bone. 
Crouching between the stalls ; 

15 And he shall see the resting place, 

that it is good» 
And the land, that it if pleasant. 
And shall bow bis shoulder to the burden'. 
And shall be a servant to tribute. 
Id Dan shall judge his people. 
As one of the tribes of Israel : 
17 Dan shall be a serpent by the way. 
An adder bynbe path. 
Which biteth the horse's heels. 
And shall cause its rider to fall backward. 



* I have here followed the Samaritan Pentateuch and ^ptuagint — ^four of Pr». 
Kennicatt's Codices have this reading in the text, and four more in the margin. 

-f» This interpretation is not original, but rests on the authority of the celebrated* 
Bishop Lowth, to whole excellent translation* of Isaiah the Reader is referred for 
ft^rther information. Suffice it however to remark, that the vine is supposed to 
derive its name from the valley of Sorek, mentioned in Judges xvL 4. 

1 This is the reading of the Samaritan Pentateuch, of the Sepcnagint, and of' 
one Hebrew Codex. • • 

§ This is the reading of the Samaritan Pentateuch, and is io a great nieisiire 
supported by the Septuagint. As the Septuagint Version of tlua verse (accordkig 
to the Vatican}, is so- very different from our Authorized Version, ana eontains 
a remarkable error (evidently originating from a corrupted tett) ; 1 sbaU tran- 
scribe it for the cbnsideration of the learned. *' 'Ifto^ %v^f,iAooq Ivcni^, vtog 
%vi^fJl^o^; ftn ^nXarro^f v^og fia wiuretroi' mi^i fju\ dveiffrff'^ofJ'* Here Joseph *is 
called Jacob's youngest son, which is prim& facie untrue, as he was older thaun 
Benjamin, who was bom of the same mother. I have neither a Vulgate Bible by 
me, nor tl*e collation of the Septuagint now carrying on at Oxford. If conjecture 

be allowable, till more information be procured, I should think that '' vwraro^*' 
might be a corruption from " ftam^tf,** which would strongly support the above 
rendering of the Samaritan Pentateuch. Though Joseph was not, dnreetly speak- 
ing, a young man at this time, yet he was yoang in comparison with ten of t^ 
patriarchs, and might therefore be correctly styled by Jacob, ** iny p t mmg - Son."^ 
Quaere — What can be the literal meaning of the Received Text in tlds place ? Add 
from what authority can the singular meaning-, ^ti ei. i. the irieiirew woi4 ** h€tC' 
in our Authorized Version, be inferred ? 
H This i« the rtading of th« Sunarita^ IVntatei _ -^.i; Septuafiat* 



Uf. 



I«12.] Epucopacy.-'ParJiinnentaiy Surveys.''^Cold tC Stiver. 12f 

Hr. Urbah, Feb. S. at Fulbam. Copies, propetly authen- 

ARCHblSHOP Seeker left, l\y will, ticated, are allowed to be eridence in 
tbesumofj^. 1000, for the pur- courts of law. The commissioiieri. 
poSt of promotiog the establithment do not seem to have takeb mudi 
of a Bishop or Bishops on the Conti- pains in inTestigating the truth, but 
Beat of America. This sum, together to have been satisfied with any talf 
wkh other donations, assisted and en- they heard. Wistoitiensu. 
CDoraged the British GoTemment in ^ 
eitablishini^ the two Bishops of ^^ova Mr. Ur^ait, Feb. 19. 
Se$tim and Quebec. Wh? may not /^ OLD/?// Two Shillings an ounct 
similar donations be made, for the vJT on the 14th instant, 
parposeof promoting the establnb- The prices now charged by tht 
nfent of a Bishop or Bishops in the London refiners are. 
West Indies ? The friends ot Episco- Fine Gold, t e. pane Ttrgin, £5. 8iu 
paicy are not yet all dead* If an at- , per ounce, 
tempt were made, a much greater Ditto Silver Tn. per ounce, 
turn than that which was bequeathed N. B. Deduct the price of on« 
by the good Archbishop might soon pennyweight sixteen grains from an 
be collected, and the very ctrcum- ounce of jEne Gold, and one pennyw 
stance would keep alive upon the weight twelve grains from an oundi 
pnbitc mind a sense of the propriety of fine Silver^ tne remainder will bo 
aod necessity of the measure. It has the price of Standard. B. S. 
been asserted^ Mr. Urban, in a very iii 
ptdific assembly, that greater efforts Mr. Urban* Jan^ 5. 
are now making for propagating the Polyhymnia, In your last volume, p.&S8, 
kno^edge of Christianity and of the requests, as a •< signal fotv&ur;' ih4 
Bible through the world, than at any ™»»8ic of Rons de yach; solely, there- 
former period since the days of the f^*"*^' ^^^^ ^^e wish to oblige you and 
Apostles. These aUerapts wjli un- ^'^'> { ^^P"^ }^ herewith, at the samo 
donbtadly produce sotrnfeSkti^. Btit, ^'"^^ ^^P*?^ it will be accepUble to the 
if the fijends of Episcoi)acy are not ^"^^"^ «f your monthly budget of cu- 
^•., •**''*r" "*.*'r''*'*''K*r'-J "'''.""• nosities and antiquities. When at tlwf 
ejMMy wafous in extendmg the in- University of Oxford, one of my Amuse, 
fltf^ of that order, tthe new-made „,ents was ihaking as large a (idlection 
Chrwtians of the East will probably as I could of the popular and national 
tall mto the hands of the Baptists aKd airs of all countries : this air I had from 
fodependei^^ and those of the West my no less amiable tlian admirable 
iQto the bands x>f the Methodists. I'S friend Dr. Crotch, the present professor 
tbis desirable^ of musick there ; andfor the very. appro^ 
The Chuf'ch ^f Roro^ has etetab-, priate bass.accompanim^nt to it (which 
litbed her influence in different nations ^ ^^o send under it), I believe we are 
by the very means which, in this par- •o'^ly indebted to him ; for I know he 
ticolar, I if oiild recommend. Where- frequently, set accompaniments to airs 
ever shelias s6nt out Missionaries to ^"^ *»« ^'^^"^^ *'*** "«^" (^^^ modem 
' ibe Healhi»,-she has sent out a com- jommentators) presumed to alter tiie; 

pleteChi,^h^ Bishop and his Cler. '^^JZI^l', ^lTeltcSto'S!^e 

gy. Fa$ eMt€i abho8ied oceri. U. U. ,^^ observations on this singular air, . 

•■' but fear to intrude on your room, the 

IMr. UaaAK, . Feb. 4i. vehicle of more valuable matter. Inthe^^ 

K answer to the Qnerie^ of Mr. R, course of my desultory reading, I fcaVe* 

Sniteef, in your last, page 14, often found it ^eilluded to. D'l8rarii,in< 

toueemibg the ^rveys of - Ltringg liis "Curiosities of J^iteratufe," vol. I, 

taken by order of Pariiament in l«51, P- 4T7, says, *s The Rans des Vachbs, 

1 beg leave to inform him that, mentioned by Rousseau, though without 

by the directions of the House of anything sttOdng in the composition, 

Coiamoaa, at 4Sio^Resfecatio», they ^^. such a powerful influence over t^o 

iwe dcopsited In the H^ Library lU ?*'^ and impresses them with so vw* j 

UmiL^^L!^.Ti^ZJ\vM .\^^^^ *ent a desire to remm to their oWtV4 

i^t.Lr*T;K^X *^ 'tT^' countiy,tbatit is forbidden tabe played: 

«u»pt thole of the l>lo«(se of ton- i„ the Swiss regiments, InHhe French' 

Jo«, which. wo«e given up to the service, on pain of death." He then 

JHibop at that see, a »d, as I was in- mentions a Scotch tune of a similar: 

tormod SO. Tears ^go,'bad^een de- nature, l)ut says not what M is, wbiek . 

itro;^ed Uy^he4Lia^jllefs of the house I wish some of your Correspondents j 
Oksit. M^g. February, WIS, „. ^ . woulJI 

•'5 



130 Tiktf JAf^ic ^tUitB dfi Vach, iittitt ,/A« Awi; [Wdb. 



would d6. AU thiDn of this kaed owe their cfieet oti the mlod Muck t» 
itecUtdoft t^ lifiAs : fher " w^en all the Hi\h w'bete mrmoij ilept.** Wbes I 
Arst lieai^ thfis Htt!^ Idr, i tWi|;lit it (wi<fi the aboie-quiittM author) aot ttfiUfl^ 
fnWt eiktfp osA ti a h ; Imt 4t tow calls to mitod « Cdlkip6 lile« aod 1 teen to it wiS 








v^ 



rnr-^n 




All^ro 






itlt.} TkHHusi^^Rkm de Vadi, w^k the Buss. iSl 

aoliglit Hod pQ6r ii iinf» Pitfk, amid the hihospkable wlHs of AlHea, heard but 
Ibe Biiiplest tBrkiih^r, k ni^t have enraptured his heart more than all the 
Wsmy lyf wwn g of a modcra sonata, or'even^ pe^ps» the soul-searching wondeit 
if tilt divine Haodfl. John F. M. Dovastoi^^ Nmrteru, ff^etifBUfih StUm- 




I 






^ 




•— «-^ 



y^T:v. J.i t ^' ff ^ zz 



iHiTE 



a ' t t„ JL 



Adagio. 













' Vf T 






*132 On the Close of the last and 

£fM^ on the SemMmt tf the Yemr^ Mmd 
Relro9p€ci ^ Time. 

Jatmary 1812. 

M « .^'Whitber now are fled [hopes 

Hioae dreams of greatness ? thobe uiisolid 
Of happiness ? those longings after fame? 
' Those testkss cares ? diose busy, bust- 
ling days ? [veering thoughts. 
Those gay-spent festive nights? those 
liOst between good and ill^ that shared 
thy life ? [vivos, 

AH now are vanished ! Virtue sole sur- 
JmiBOftal, nercr-faHing .friend of man. 
Bis certain guide to happiness- on bigh." 

Thomson's fFmier. 

THE departure of the old year, 
compietiBg that important space 
of time by which human life is mea- 
soft^ aad the commeucemeot of the 
new, respectii^ which h u totally 
imknown to any iodiyidual in the 
most perfect state of health, either in 
Tonth or age, whether he shall reach 
its termination; is unquestionably a 
jOBcUire of Tery serious considera- 
tion to a reflect'mg and contemplative 
mind* It calls op a retrospect ive 
"view of the years that are past, and 
presents a most irapressive admoni- 
lion concemiog the right employment 
of those (if any) which are yet to 
come, and more immediately oif that 
on which we haye jost entered. 

The lines 1 ba^e selected, from one 
of the most admirable poems this 
country has piV>duced, ekbibit a just 
and striking record of the principal 
snlijects which must arise in the minds 
ef most men on such a retrospect s 
and bring forward with appropriate 
solemnity the momentous conclusion 
to which they must in¥ariably lead. 

Ill taking a retrospectire Tiew of 
my own life at the age of sixtj years, 
I e^cpericBce very forcibly this effect. 
The days of childhood and early 
youth, in which the purest precepts 
of religion were instilled into my 
mind, aud the practice of every moral 
duty iropresscMd upon it, by those re- 
' -vered and beloved parents who have 
long been at rest from all the cares 
of life, and happily finished its im- 
portant duties and concerns, stand 
firtl in the order of time. The sim- 
ple pjeasures and employments of 
those early days, if not wholly un- 
alloyed by any portion of those viti- 
ated qqalities wnich so closely adhere 
to human nature in its present fallen 
■tatei partake so Utile of them at to 



qf the Nat Fear. [¥eb. 

leave no stain upon the tonsoeocef 
possess on this account the advantage 
of being al ways recollected wkh more 
animated feelings, and a warvaer »• 
terest, than any succeeding period s 
except that in which similar feelings 
are renewed, and even a stronger in- 
terest is created, respecting tbe wr- 
sons, the pleasuies^ and emptovn^ibta 
of our children, as 1 shall nirtber 
notice in its place: Giving the natural 
tribute of tender remembrance to4lie 
departure of those dear and honoured 
relatives, and the pure delights which, 
under their pious iuid indutgenl care, 
diffused so bright .. sunshine over the 
morning of my days, I pass c^a to tbe 
painful separation of a family, when 
they go out in the world, and enter 
on tbeir respective pursuits; bat 1 
have no intentiou of enlargiug op this 
subject here, beyond the observation 
of its being the most critical period 
of our lives; when our nev sitiia- 
tions, employments, and assodilesy 
have so great an influence in dtcidine 
the tenor of our future ecHiduetf and 
so many temptations, hitherto un^ 
known, combine with our yostbfbl 
passions, to oppose the good princi- 
ples which have been placed by edu- 
cation as our guards ; some of w^^ch 
are unhappily too often disarmef in 
the contest^ but, if the main bodf of 
these forces is not wholly overcome, 
they may afterwards be brought to 
rally, and eventually g«in tbe iiaporl- 
ant victory, on which our temnjrml 
and eternal welfare so materialiy de- 
pend. In the case of every indiTi- 
dual, the general tenor of his conduct 
must evince to others, bow far he 
has arailed himself of (he defence of 
these guards, and been soccesrfiil* 
But, as falsehood and detraction may, 
in some instances, prevail against 
truth and candour, to obstruct a jost 
or a favourable judgment of him, it 
is happy that the acquittal of fa^ 4wn 
heart, as far as it does acquit li^m, 
will, at all limes, affi»rd him a satia- 
faction of which he cannot be de- 
prived by error, malignity, or pre- 
judice. 

The neit period, in succession, it 
that wherein we attain the full age 
of maturity, or man's estate, wliicli 
comprehends the whole of active life i 
during which we are engaged in tbe 
transactions of business, tnepnrnut 
of hooourt and emolnmcAts, lorminr 

iocuQ 



1812.] (Wihe Close of the last arid Opening of the Neto Tear. 13S 



and d<nftestic connexionf, and 
tAkng all the nieasurei that are re- 
qoiaite for onr establishmeut and wel- 
nre ki the world. In this part of omr 
|]9ret il is that we become parents, 
aiid« aieqnire new sensations peculiar 
to that state, which is productive of 
the purest delights in nature, and also 
*«f tk% most extreme cares, inquiet- 
.udet, and afflicfeions, that the human 
breast can know. 

Parental pleasures with me haTe 
been eonfincnl, in one instance, to the 
short date of infancy, and, in the 
other, to atmost as transient a dora- 
*tTon I baTing^ parted from my only 
mmriying^ child, for a very distant 
country, at the early age of fifteen, 
and recently lost him at that of twen- 
•ty-two. Here I shall be readily in- 
diolged in some effusions of paternal 
regard to bis memory, by those pa- 
-rents who experience, at the present 
season, the delightful gratification of 
leceHing their children from school, 
or mourn like me the loss of one in 
whom their happiest hopes on earth 
were centered ; governed by every 
principle of virtue, blessed with tb^ 
warmest heart and the most enlight- 
ened mind, possessed of some advan- 
taj^es of person, and the distinction 
or an bonoorable and lucrative ap- 
pointment. It is a season that never 
tails to carry back my mind to the 
.remembrance i4 those joyous days, 
when the d^r yonth, of whose death 
Ibave justcomnieraorated the second 
nmiversary, came home at his Christ- 
inas vacations, to partake those lit- 
tle festive pleasures which maternal 
fondness prepared for his return. In 
my manner of keeping Christmas at 
that time, I pursued as far as- my cir- 
cwnst«ioe» would admit, and indeed 
•oniewhM beyond my proper ability, 
the beneficent and hospitaole customs 
of former days, which, in my present 
ait^ion, it is not in my power to 
cofliinue % but I am not unmindful of 
the goodness of Providence in the 
CMnlorts I am yet allowed to possess, 
which I am very conscious are still 
more than I could hope for upon any 
pl«i> of desert. It is with little or no 
f^ret that I look back upon the 

fay-ipent festive nights which the 
!oet aJiudes to, or the discontinuance 
of those social entertainments, which 
] h»vn heretofore given and received : 
al th ough ^r from any degree of ex- 
ctsfy they were often purchased at 



the expenee of some^ indiscretion and 
embarrassment ; I therefore very wil- 
lingly relinquish them; but I must 
lament that I have not the means of 
continuing to bestow any substantial 
comforts on those who can make no 
return ; and, though they have been 
in some instances bestowed on the 
undeserving and unthankful, they 
were of such a nature as to bring me 
an immediate reward, in the penua« 
sion that I had benefited my, fellow* 
creatures, to the^ fiiil extent of mj 
power, and thereby obtained the ap- 
probation of Heaven, and, conse- 
quently, that of my own heart, in 
having thus far executed the trust 
reposed in me, of dispensing to others 
the actual means I possessed, of re^ 
lieving their necessities, and promot- 
ing their welfare, although it might 
eventually accelerate thedeprivatione 
I have since experieiH^* With mj 
departed son I have lost the expecta- 
tion of having those means restored i 
but from his dutiful and, alas! fatal 
exertions for his beloved parents, in 
a climate destructive to the health of 
Europeans, we derive, imder Provi- 
dence, the blessing of what, we trust, 
will prove a competent support for 
our remaiiiiog days ; which, however 
inadequate to his affectionate solici- 
tude and purposes, we receive with 
peculiar ^ratification through the 
medium of so dear a hand { anderery 
comfort it may afford us will be aug- 
melited by the consideration that for 
him it has obtained a reward infi- 
nitely greater, than even the deliffht 
and satisfaction he might have had in 
conveying to us, or partaking with 
us, all the acquisitions he ever hoped 
to gain. It is probable that I shall 
be considered, by some Readers^ a# 
having made too long a digression 
from my proper subject, by intro- 
ducing a private personal concern^ 
but it will, 1 am sure, be allowed that 
there is none which could more natu- 
rally claim peculiar notice, in a re- 
trospect of time, than one so recent 
and so deeply interesting to the heart 
of a tender and afflicted parent i on 
this ground I rest my apology, to 
those who may conceive it reqiiirea 
one ; in particular to youi^ persona 
who will meet, with sentiments of n 
very different cast, the pleasurable 
amusements of this tiBstive season f 
,aind may many years elapse, ere any 
moumlttl occasion shall call them 

away 



134 On the Cl4m ^ the last tmd Opefdng of the Nem Tear. [F^bt. 



ftway from the ipooceat aM cbeerM 
parlici|iatio& of Mch pleararet ! To 
thoie iw4io ^re adf aoced to the latter 
part of life, the enjoyineot of ef erj 
■ceiie of fettiTily must be coonecte4 
-mxtk a peniiTe remembrance of many 
a deceased friend, more especially off 
those dear relatifes, with whom they 
have p4rtakeu of similar pleasures in 
the years that, are gone; and everj 
reroiution of the seasons, in parti- 
cular the present, most call forth 
aach a retrospect as will impress the 
cootideraiiun of a future world, to 
which they are remoTed, will in a 
great measure detai:h us from that 
which we are soon to lea^e, and lead 
us to regard, with auperior interest, 
evefy event and every circumstance 
that may remind us of the state at 
which we are so nearl^f arrived : thus 
are we progressively induced, by the 
order of Providence, to the import- 
snt doty of ** settin^^ our afections*' 
where we are so strictly enjoined by 
the highest authority to place them. 
To revert to the subject of the 
lines 1 have prefixed, and bring it to 
its |iroper conclusion. Without sup- 
.posing those, who make the applica- 
tion to themselves, to have been pe- 
enliarly ambitions in their ** dreamc 
of greatness,'* or views of advance- 
ment in the world; peculiarly un- 
founded in. their ** hopes of happir 
■ess;** uncommonly aspiring in their 
** longingf after fame,** or desire of 
distinctions incessantly filled with 
** restless cares/* >or exhausted by imr 
moderate exertion sin *' those bustling 
days," which were passed in the toib 
of business, or conscious of dissolute 
excess in their ^ gay-spent festive 
eights;** or that ** those veering 
jthoughts,** which were '* lost between 
goofand ill,** had carried them to 
any gross or fatal deviations into 
error or misconducts without sup- 
Bosmg their fiiults or follies to have 
Dcen to such an extent; there are 
few, or perhaps mone, who have 
Mssed their ** flowering spring,** their 
^sttmaier*s ardent strength,** their 
** sober autumn faded into age," and 
are arrived at the winter of tl^r days, 
which '* comes at last to shut the 
scene,** can behold the Poet*s picture 
of roan's lifo, without observiug in it 
several foi^Mifes of their own very ae> 
oiratoly drawti, and find abundant 
cause to admire the colouring and 
corrcOBOi with which he faAs finished 



this mondportrait, aad thb jost and 
striking effect which he has fVftm it« 
and alM> to concur in the anist's de- 
sign, which he has exprnsed ani 
shewn to be, that the teflecting pow- 
ers of the behoMer shall present this 
deduction to his miitil, and leave ow 
it this impressive tnrth*— That aU 
those views of advancement, hopea 
of bappiaess, desires of distinctioB, 
anxious cares and exertieM, social 
pleasures, variable thonghts, and sae* 
cessive pursuits, which have **shaieil 
his life,*' and are now paMed «way, 
have vanished Kke n dream, and left 
no traces of real enjoyment or per* 
manent (ood, but what haw beoa 
derived, m a greater or less degree, 
from the principle and practice eC 
virtue ; which, in every rtnze of hie 
existence here, and under all events, 
is his never-failii^ firiend, as well as 
hb certaia guide to happiness hem- 
afler s respect'mg which we are in- 
structed to believe that, though bill- 
niteiy above our conception, aad be- 
yond our imperfect service, it will be 
finally adiusted to the degree of vir- 
tue we nave actually maintained i 
and that <m this ground roust vHi- 
mate(y rest our cuiim to, the mercy 
and reliance on the merits of our Re- 
deemer. 

What, it may be alked then, ham 
He done for the world, if salvatioa la 
thus dependent 09 our own oondtfct^ 
and what is the extent of our redemp. 
tiop ? The answer to this inquiry 
mos( involve the primarv eoMidera- 
tiott of the fall of man, and the cen- 
seque^t depravity of his nature; lio 
know it is expresslv deckred, that 
** without holiness no man shall' see 
the Lord ;*' but we also know ttuit 
human virtue, in tbe best of men, b 
so defective, that in the sight of God 
shall mi man living be just^jiBd, and 
that nothing bu,t the graee of ew 
Lord ilesus Christy and the, pccNBiaei 
influence of the Holy Sipirit, can ever 
eaable us to observe ttie terms pre- 
scribed, to subdue, ip any respteti^ 
<rar evil habits, to forsake our sins, 
and attain that measure of botiness 
or virtue which will render us accept- 
able to God ; and Jidthiag (rot the 
mysterious atonement, the merits, 
and mediation of hb blessed and ador- 
able Son, can prevail to lestote t^ to 
hb fevour, aAer reported Asanagieis- 
sions, to induce Him to perdoa the 
offences whfchy ftot merely Dronia- 

ftrmity^ 



IS It.] AftCHniCTUlJU. iKKOYATiONy N<>. CLIX« . 135 



iprlnciple i»f rr^^Hiid^ we too oflea 
Jl^affilj Ml into, and remcd io de> 
liKtivie » peifonquKMaB of our daty^ 
•od anch imperfect teryiceDV with ffae 
iaeiliBldbfe gift of eternal iife. 

W. B.. 

AmCHITSCTUEAL IWVOTATloif. . 

No. CLIX. 
{JlemarkMf i;a. concluded from p» 1,) 

CHAPTER Vlll. — Dr. Milncr 
jprooeedii: «Ht ig the condition 
ef ftHmorUd tiling to be fpbject to 
chan^ ; hence human arti, like the 
^qma body, when they have attained 
their perfection, tend toward« a de- 
dnie. This was the case with that 
fiaffa^ iavention of human genius 
and piety. Pointed Ardiitectnre. Its 
Qse, progress^ and de<;line, occupy 
little noore than fonr centuries in ttie 
ehnmology of the world/* This de- 
cline Ihe Doctor instances in St. 
€reoi|pe*s Chanef, Windsor, King*s 
College Chapel, Cambridge, and Hen- 

2*a Chapel, Westminster. *^ The ar- 
itects of these admired erections, 
BisiM>p Close, SirEeginald Bray, &c. 
displayed more art and more profes- 
sioa|d science than their predecessors 
had done; but this>they did. at the 
expeace of the characteristical excel- 
leflhce of the style itself which they 
built io.'* Observations are then 
OHuie «pon some of the principal de- 
^mtiois from the stylesof foregoing 
fteiudk Dr. M. then mys, ** Hence 
the judicious critick, after admiring 
ibtir it^nuity (Royal Chapels, and 
M ortuaey Oratories), fails i\ot to sigh 
for the '.chaste grandeur of York 
Miostei:, or even for the unadorned 
iBSJesty 4if Salisburv Calhedral, in- 
ste|id 4if them." ^he various and 
cuMptcuous decorations of this, the 
Third. Order of the Pohited Style, are 
brought forward, so as to eoffurce the 
idea of the inferiority of their design, 
incite. effect, to those. more perfect 
works nused before them. '* In short, 
Oap the Doctor) the downfal of 
PotnteiArohitectnre in this kingdom, 
as its estsl>Usbed. style for ecclesiasti- 
cal parposes, was tuevit^ble, from a 
varwy of causes, but chiefly firom 
fkBtoe off from its primary character, 
the swilirae, which was tlie necessary 
coaseqaoQce of (the depression of its 
aspiring arch. The rtitn was com- 
plete sra$n Edward YL mounted the 
thrmie, in the middle of the sixteenth 



ceotiirjr. Then began a trnly€lotbic» 
or at least a barbaric stjle, consisting^ 
of irregular and ill-executed Grecian 
members, with intermixed globes, 
triangles, fret^ pyramids, obelisks, 
and other absurd ife vices, sm may be 
seen on all the ornamental tombs and 
«tber works executed in England 
between the close of the reign of the 
last Henry and the early part of the 
reign of the first Charles, by whose 
taste and munificence, and the genius 
of Inigo Jones, true Grecian archi- 
tecture was introduced into this 
Island."; 

Chapter IX. — The Doctor now de- 
monstrates, ** that th'ere are three 
Orders of the Pointed Style, corre- 
sponding with the different periods in 
which tney prevailed, each one of 
which has its proper character and 
members, as much as the Five Orders 
of the Grecian ' Style have theirs." 
Advice is next given to professional 
meni and the Doctor recapitulates 
the characteristics of the Three Or- 
ders of the Pointed Style, points out 
those edifices wherein such styles are 
most conspicuous ; and concludes his 
very learned, comprehensive, and 
nuanswerable work, thus : <' It will 
be readily gathered from the whole 
of this treatise, which of the three 
Orders the author himself prefers for 
religious structures, as best calculated 
to produce the proper effect of style.| 
though, doubtless, the impracticabi- 
lity of raising a lofty arch, froin want 
of strength in the supporters or other 
cau^s, may sometimes render the ob- 
tuse arch preferable upon the whole, 
especially fqr small chapels. But 
whichever Order of the Pointed 
Style is adopted, good taste as strictly 
"requires that their respective mem- 
bers and ornaments should not bb 
blended together, as that Grecian and 
Pointed Architecture should not be 
intermiiced in the saipe work»" 

Ap Appendix of much, curiqns 
and important information succeeds; 
wherein is interspersed many judi- 
cious replies to Mr. Whittingtoo, 
evincing that this surveyor of French 
architecture, wlio dwells w,ith rap- 
ture on the works raised in that coun- 
try, is .not either happy, or ju,st, in 
his comparisons of the structures there 
found, with those adorning this his 
native land. 

Ten illustrative and well selected 
engravings follow, constituting, with 

the 



136 Architectural Itmaoation. — Utevary Intelligence. [Feb. 



the treatife iUelf, a compreheniiTe 
and aiefal inttroctor to tbe palroof 
jand ftudenU of our aotieot Archi- 
teclare. 

Since sobmittiiig to ^the publick 
certaia occurrences relating to the 
Sodetj of Antiquarief 9 Vol. LXXXI. 
Part II. p. 517, much and severe 
censure has been heaped on rae, the 
•* Architect," for presuming to advert 
to such'transactions; bnt let it be re- . 
roembered, the Toice of a zealous at- 
tendant and promoter of all the pro- 



ceedings of that learned body» should 
be more heeded than the pretensioiii 
of one who, notwithstanding hit elee* 
tioB into their Society took place fire 
years past, has not entered into any 
of their cdncems (by beii^ admitted 
or otherwise), until 'the close of the 
last year, when the alluring prospect 
of an high official situation was neld 
before his eyes, strong enough to 
awaken his ambition, and to lull 
asleep his feelings of long and inti- 
mate friendship. An Auchitbct. 



LITERARY INTELLIGENCE. 

Cambridge^ Jan, 17. The follow- 
ing are the subjects for Sir William 
BaowMB^s gold medals for the pre- 
sent year : For the Greek Ode^ 

*' Crimenque timenti 



Sideris, et terns mutantem regna C^ 

meten." Lucan. 

For the LaUn Ode^ " Honesta? Pau- 
pertatis Laus." — For the Epigrams^ 

** Miraturque nihil nisi quod libitina 
sacravit." Hor. 

C&mbridge^ Jan, SI. Dr. Smith's 
prizes for tbe best proficients in Ma- 
thematicks and "Natural Philosophy 
amongst the commencing Bacbelors 
c^ Arts, are this year atijudged to 
Mr. Coassuus Neale, of St. John's, 
and Mr. J. W« Jobdan, of Trinity. 

The foUowiug publications will 
shortly appear: 

Mr. Nichols's Anecdotes of the 
Eighteenth Century. 

A splendid Volume, consisting of 
Twenty-four Engravings, and an am- 
pfe portion of Letter-press, iiitituM, 
«« The Fine Arts of ' the English 
School;*' edited by J.6ritton,F.S.A. 
The plates are engraved by Scott, J. 
Pye, Cardon, Scriven, Le Keux, Bond, 
Sx, from pictures and sculptures by 
the most celebrated English artists : 
also four plates illustratiye of the ar- 
chitecture and construction of St. 
PauPs Church. 

The Third Volume of Mr. Brit- 
TOM^s *^ Architectural Antiquities of 
^reat Britain;" with 70 engrayings. 

Essays on the Prophecies. By the 
Rev. Tbomas Robinson, M. A. Vicar 
of St. Mary, Leicester, &c. 

Major Price's second volume of 
Memoirs of Mohamedan History. 

History of the European Commerce 
with India ; with a review of the ar- 
guments for and against the manage- 
ment of it by a chartered company, 
nn appendix of authentic accounts, 
and a map. By Mr. Macphbrsoh, 
author of the Ai^<>a^s of Commerce. 



On the Philosophy of Physiology, 
and of Physics I comprehending aa 
examination of the modem System* 
of Philosophy. By Mr. Savmakez. 
' Essays and Dissertations in Philo- 
logy, History, Politics, and Coimnoo 
Lite. By the Rev. T. Castlkt. 

A Sermon on Apostacy, in which 
its Nature, Causes, and Conse- 
quences are developed. By the Rev* 
F. A. Cox, A. M. late of Cambridge* 

Sermons on various Subjects, and 
Letters to a Young Clergyman, dur- 
ing hia resideuce at the UniversKy. 
By the Rev. Alpbonsus Gcnn^ To - 
which is prefixed, a sketch of his Life, 
bv Rev. Isaac SAVNOEms, A. M. 

The whole Proceedings in the im- 
portant Case lately decided by the 
Court of King's Bench, between the 
Rev. Dr. Povaet and the Lord Bishop 
of London, from authentic Docu- 
ments, and under the in^^pection of, 
Dr« Povah and his Friends. 

The Isle of Palms, and other Poema, 
many of which are descriptive of tbe 
Scenes' of the English Lakes. By J. 
Wilson, Magdalen College, Oxford. 

The Philosophy of Melancholy, » 
Poem I and the Spirit of Fire, a my«»< 
thological Ode. By Mr. T. L. Pea- 
cock, author of the Genius of the 
Thames, &c. &c. 

A Treatise on New Philosophical 
Instruments for various Purposes in 
the Arts and Sciences, illustrated bj 
plates. By Dr. David Brewstbr. 

An Easy Introduction to the Ma* 
thematics. By Mr. Charles Butler. 

Cases of Apoplexy and Lethargy* 
with Observations on the Comatoso 
Diseases, illustrated by engravings. 
By Dr. Chetnb, of Dublin. 

Letters on Marriage, &c By Mr. 
H. T. Kitchener. 

A Journey into Albania, Roumelia* 
and other Provinces of Turkev, dnr» 
ing 1809 and 1810. By J. C' Hon* 
aovtE» 



y 



C 137 J 



REVIEW OF NEW PUBLICATIONS, 



|0. Voyages and Travels, in th^ Years 
lfi09, 1810, and 1811, containing Sta- 
tisfiealf Commercial, and Miscellaneous 
OhservfOims on Cibrall^r, Sardinia, 
^icilv, Malta, Serigo, and Turkey. 
B^ John Gait. Ato, pp, 438. Cadell and 
Davied. 

flOOD Wine need* no bpsh. —Thi» 
^^ intelligent Traveller requires no 
joHier introduction than his own plain 
nd nncflected Preface : 

•* This work is part of a desigpn which 
i had /ormed, of giving such an account 
of the . Countries connected with the 
MedGterranean, as would tend to fa- 
miliarise them to the British PMblic. It 
win appear suiUciently evident, in many 
places, that a g^eat part has been printed 
from the Original Notes. I am not 
aware that this will be regarded as a 
fault, although it may expose me to tjbe 
luumadversious of verbal criticisni. But 
1 ought to apologise for publishing, un- 
ampUfied, a number of remarks, which 
were noted down, as hints for disserta- 
tions. I was apprehensive that my Book 
would have been enlarged, without be- 
ing augmented with infoj^nation ; and I 
would rather that it weee thought de- 
fective in disquisition, than deficient in 
4acts which suggest reflections.— I con- 
sidered myself bound to be more n^inute, 
iTeiative to the modes and circumstai^ces 
•f travelling, than* perhaps, may be 
AcemeSi conformable to the title of the 
Sook : — because the treatment which 
ftrangers receive, in any country, fur- 
nishes a topick conflicted with its do^nes^ 
^c economy, and that kind of know- 
ledge* which is .useful to the l\f erchant 
and Politician, as well as amusing to the 
general Reader. -^ Classical inquiries 
£)rmed no part^of .the objects -of my 
Journeys.. My obscure gropi^gs, there.- 
fore,^ at the elucidation of antient my# 
tbology, should* be received with ii^ 
idnlgence^ They may amuse the learned ; 
.and they serine to vary the narrative to 
the less accurate readiirf — I trust that 
the papers in the Appendix will not be 
r^arded-as inserted to swell the volume. 
T^e statement of the productions of 
•Sicily wa$ not made without industrious 
inquiry. Nor will t^e utility of the 
.other two papers^ relative to that island^ 
he disputed. Thie^£clogue i hesitate4 
about inserting. It was written at Cape ' 
'Fassero, under a lively impression of t^e 
-peculiarities ^ the Siciliaa peasantry. 
'Whatever ma/ be the poetical defects, it 
»ill, iifobablyy O^t he found incofrp c^a» 



^ 



Maq, filff^ry^ m?j 



a delineation. The documents relativ* 
to the projects of the French are more 
than curious; and those explanatory of 
the processes of d^ing Turjtey red, 
though not new, will have their use^ 
^om being exhibited together.— The por 
litical opinions, occasionally Introduced, 
have not been delivered without reflecr 
tion. The importance of Malta to thi^ 
country, fir^t impressed oja the public 
mind by the Star newspaper, will be en- 
forced by the incidental notices in the 
following pages. " Reflecting, in that is- 
land, en the influence of a free press 
over the operations of states, I was in- 
duced to interweave those remarks, ii^ 
the text| which occmrred to me, from 
seeing S9 central a station neglected t^ 
be made ^ fulcrum to tl^ poi^etful en- 
^ne.** 

V«ry rarely (ndeed will «o moth 
new and niefnl infommtion be foana 
condensed in to imall a compast^. 
The obseryations of Mr. Gait are not 
those of one travelling merely for 
amusement 5 nor are they the rcr 
collections of a Tourist at a I0S9 for 
materials to swell his volume. Bj 
the researches of Mr. Gait, the gcne^ 
raJ Reader will be gratified, the. 
classical Schojar delighted, and tfap' 
PoiUktan •edified. There are iadeeil 
mmiy suggestions of such self-evident 
utility, 4IS to command the attention 
of those who have the power to e^i- 
forcc their 6kecation. 

** The Mediterranean,*' he observes^ 
^< affords access from the Atlantic oceao^ 
to the finest countries in the world. It 
washes that coast of Spain on which the ' 
principal ports of the kingdom are situr 
ated. Jt opens a great outlet to the South 
of France, and embraces the whole terri- 
i.QTy of Jtaly. No other space of equsd( 
jextent presents so many fainous ctties^ 
^ucj) opulent and populous lands, as are 
comprehendedin the sweep of the Medi« 
terranean, from £libraltar to Venice.-^ 
^rom Venice to Constantinople, Euror 
j^ean Turkey, by numerous gulphs of th<j 
same waters, i.s p^etrated to the intcr' ^ 
rior; and by the straits of the Bosphq^ 
rus, the navigation .of the largest^ 
vessels may not only be extended t^ 
jRussia, but nearly to the confines of the 
Persian empire. The whole of the rich 
.tract of Asia Minor is bounded also by* 
the Mediterranean, which, sv^eepin^ 
the coast of Palestine, is separated frem. 
the R^ Se§i J?y .a n«^ of i»nd not balj. 

S9 



138 Review of Nem PuUkaKons. [feti^ 

so broad as the distance between Man- the little protection wbicb, in the first 
Chester and London. — The Southern years of tbe present war, it affonied to 
side of this great thoroughfare of so merchant vessels ajgainst the gun-boat* 
many nations is formed by the continent of Algesaras ; but a view of tiie pUc*^ 
of Africa, comprehending the celebrated and a belter knowledge of local circum- 
kingdom of S)gypt, and the dominions stances, have altered my opinion, in 
of the Barbary powers.-^Nor are the Is- order, however, to render us effectually 
l^nds less eminent, comparatively, than masters of the Stradts, Ceuta on tbtt 
the states by which it is surrounded. African side must be made ones. Gib- 
After Great Britain and Ireland, they raltar may in many points be compared 
are the richest, the most flourishing, and to a great guard-ship, the utility of 
the most civilized in the worid. Sicily, whieb, without a supj^ementary fleet di 
of all insular nations, must be considered small vessels, may be justly questioned t 
as next in rank to Ireland. — From time but, with such a fleet, no boat from Al^ 
immemorial, the shores of the Mediter- gesiras should be able to do any mischief 
ranean have been the scenes of the to our trade, while no ship of the enemy 
greatest actions. On ^hera the human could escape. The neglect of rendering 
mind has appeared with the brightest the fortress in this way a point m 
lustre. The highest excellence in art, offence, has perhaps tended to lower 
and the largest discoveries in science, its value in the estimation of mercantile 
have been attained and achieved by their men. To the nation it is not a very ex- 
inhabitants. There is no portion of the pensive establishment. There are se- 
' globe so celebrated as the Mediterranean; veral noble families which perhaps cost 
and, whether considered as the field of the publick as much. Between four and 
curious research, or of commercial en- five thousand vesseb annually touch at 
terprise, it is undoubtedly the most in- the rock, either for trade, or in tli« 
teresling to which the attention of tbe course of their passage up and down the 
British nation at present can be directed. Straits. During the last twelve montiw 
— The condition of the vast population the value of British gotods sold here hat 
of the countries of the Mediterranean been estimated at a million sterling, 
affords the prospect of a great market to The net annual charge against the place 
our manufactures ; and the state of is not more than 50,000/. ; of which sura 
civilization in many parts is so high, 30,000/. are expended on .the works, and 
that even our ewn artists ms^ yet be the remainder in payment of the offi- 
ambitious of entering into competition cers' salaries. The disbursements, on 
with theirs. Populous nations only account <5f the regiments which compose 
furnish sure and reg^ar mukets to the the garrison, are less than the expen<!e 
merchant; audit is only of late that our of a fleet of men of war would be on 
Qianufactures have been brought to this station, and the possession of suck 
tuch a degree of excellence as to enable a place adds to the reputation of out 
us to rival those of the chief Mediterra- power with the neighbouring nations. 
Oean nations. Political circumstances. Besides, -the annual charge of 50,000/!, 
however, exclude us,, at present, from might, with little difficulty, be raised 
ibis superior commerce with France and by a tax on the exports of the town, and 
Italy; but, in looking forward to the an assessment on the inhabitants, who 
epoch of peace, we may calculate on at present do not contribute any thing im 
Obtaining a larger share of the trade of return for the protection afforded them, 
those countries than we ever before The British nation never refused to pajr 
ftossessed; not only by the excellence to' the Sound duty to Denmark; why ^ 
erhich our commodities have been toll should not also be levied by us, I am 
brought, but also from the interruptions at a loss to understand." 
and oppresdons which the French and j^ Sardinia, after a concise dc- 
ItaUan artists of aU Jescnptions have ,criplion of Cagliari, the capital of 
ipffsttd from the events of the times." the island, we 2e told. 

.JJ'-^*^?k\^'^[!?*'''""'^^^^ "The inhabitant, of Sardinia a 

With a short but neat dewnptKHi of ,^^ ^^ ,^^ ^^^^^ peopS) are yit 

Gibraltar $ and contain the following ^J^ely above the ne^ve point of 

^ortant su^estions. civilization ; perhaps it would be more 

** The value of Gibraltar to tbe British correct to s:^ that they appear to have 

Nation I bad hitherto been rather dis- sunk a certain way back into barbarism. 

posed to doubt, conceiving the expence They wear indeed linen shirts, fastened - 

cf maintaining it to be fully equal to its at the collar by a pair of silver buttons 

n^i^. I had been led to form this like hawks' bells ; but their upper drest 

ojMiiion by considering the large foj^pe of shaggy goat-skins is in the pure savage 

#bichitwithheldfromaot4veservi€eyand 9!tg^ 4 lev luve fol one st^pneaier 



Mi 2.] 



Review of New PuilicatioiiSi 



to perfectibility^ Md actually do wear 
tanned leather coats, made somewhat in 
the fashion of the armour worn i a Europe 
in the fifteenth century. With such dur- 
able habiliments it is easy to conceive 
that th«y do not require much assistance 
from the manufactures of foreign coun- 
tries. — The state of Society in Sardinia 
Is probably not unlike what existed in 
Scotland about 150 years ag^. Family 
pride, a Species of political scrophula. 
Is in Sardinia particularly inveterate. 
But the exclusive spirit of the Nobles 
begins to be counteracted by the natural 
disposition of the Sovereign to extend 
his own authority. Many parts of the 
country are in, what a politician consi- 
ders only as an unsatisfactory state. In 
the district of Tempio this is greatly the 
case: the mountains are infested with 
banditti, and the villages are often at 
war ^ith one another. A feudal animo- 
sity of this kind, which had lasted up- 
wards of half a century, was lately pa- 
cified by the ijiterference of a Monk. 
The armies of the two.villages, amount- 
ing each to ^bout 400 men, were on an 
appointed day drawn oat in order of 
battle, fn>nt t* front, and musquets 
loaded. Not far from the spot the 
Monk had a third host prep.ared, coi)- 
iisting 6f his own brethren, with all the 
crucifixes and images that they could 
muster. He addressed the belligerents, 
stating the yarious sins and wrongs that 
they had respectively committed, and 
•hewing that the period had arrived 
wlien their dispute should jcease, for the 
account current of aggressiops th^ii 
balanced. The stratagem had the de- 
itfed'effect, and a general reconciliation 
took place. The Sardinians have yet 
much to Ic^arn, not only in civil inter- 
jcourte but in the delicac|e9 that sliould 

attend it.'^ 

* < 

After a Tariety of original statis- 
tical remarks, Mr. Gait observes t 

" It is to be regretted that, in the 
present circumstances, no attempt has 
been made, on our part, t* cultivater a 
more intimate connexion with Sardinia. 
Except the facilities voluntarily afforded 
by Mr. Hill, our minister, nothing has 
yet been publicly done to encourage the 
British merchants to explore the abun- 
dant commercial resources of this island. 
The pecuniary necessities of tlie Court 
of Cagliari would, I think, induce the 
government to enter into any commer- 
cial treaty which would afford the pror 
spect of a regular relief to its embarrass- 
ments ; and the state of the inhabita'Uts 
is such, that we might Calculate on a 
gnowing demand for our manufactures, 
were the intercourse between the two 
€(motDks established on a firm and as- 



13* 

fured basis. It is pl^nly the policy of 
Britain to acquire an insular influence : 
an influence on the affections of thos« 
nations which she is able effectually to 
protect, and on which she has it in h^r 
power, from her commercuii character^ 
to ctnier the most essential benefits. — 
But while the system of occasional expe* 
dients, and the molestation of points^ 
shall continue to engage the attention 
of our statesmen, nothing, in this way, 
suitable to the private character of the 
nation, can be expected. In every things 
that relates to mercantile concerns, all 
our treaties have hithert« been singular 
monuments of ofiicial ignorance and pre- 
sumption. It is wonderful that mes* 
versed only in files and precedents, 
should still have the arrogance to sup<* 
pose themselves capable of arranging 
matters, of which, from their education, 
they can have little knowledge. There 
is certainly an essential difference l)e- 
tween the principles of the French ajnd 
British systems of foreign policy. .Fran^ 
is propwlythe active nation ; and Bri->^ 
tain has acquired her greatness merely 
by the vigour of her counteraction, led 
by the enterprising spirit of her com- 
merce. It will hardly be denied, that 
if the French would only be quiet, the 
British government would be content to 
sit stilL In the history of the rivaliy of 
the two nations, every conquest achieved 
by the British, during the lapse of more 
than a century, has. been acquired either, 
immediately from the French, orta* 
thwart some of their designs.** , 

The entrance into Sicily ^ at Gir** 
genti, is thus described : 

** Although the few houses at the • 
Mole should no inore be considered as a . 
fair specimen of the general domestic: 
accommodations of Sicily than a, fishing 
village in the mei^hbourhood of an ordi- 
nary ISnglish town would be of those of. 
England, there were, nevertheless, such 
unequivocal indications of an hereditary 
disposition to filthiness, that it was im- ^ 
possible to flatter myself with the hope 
of finding much comfort. The house of ^ 
the post-<ofiicer, a large building, shewed 
a handsome enough exterior ; but the / 
road to the doi>r was abominable, and 
what had been destined for the hall or. . 
vestibule, was in a condition only fit for'* 
the reception of pigs and poultry. The ■ 
stairs seemed x^ever to have1)een cleaned 
since the masqns* rubbish was removed ; ' 
ai\d the rooms, when access was effected, 
presented a striking aspect' of puveVty-'^ 
and neglect." n 

From Girgenti Mr. Gait visited th^ 
ruins of Agrigentum $ of which he 
has givea » guv4 ^gjrf^vUig : 



"\ I 



140 Jtevicwof.^^wPublicaiUxns.^ [tieh^ 

** In the coitrse 6f our ride I noticed stories of the tk(fb\e edifice^ in the Vf^ 

the rows of the American aloes which Toledo, as wett as in the other great 

"hir, Bfydone has described; and I was streets, woald nerer have been eon- 

gratified with the view of a beautiful verted into shops and coffee-houses^ 

conntrir, interspersed with vineyards and could the Princes and Dokes above^stairs 

Olive-tives. Of the temples, the largest have easily done otherwise. — It is the 

is thai of Jupiter Olympius. It is now custorfi here for tradesmen of all sorti 

a mere heap of ruiiis, and I could to carry on their respective employ- 

icarcdy trace its form. The defaced ments in the open air. The number^ 

Iragments of the pillars have relapsed in particnlar, of shoemakers and tailors 

into shapeless masses of stone ; and the at work in the Via Toledo is inconceir- 

imall portion of the walls that is still able. Indeed the cro^d of persoos ia 

visible, ij only suffident to shew that the streets is much beyond any thing 

therehas been a building. Not far from that I have elsewhere seen; certainly 

this edifice stands a mausoleivro, which much greater than in London. But, 

antiquaries say is that of Tero, one of considering the extent of the city, only 

the earliest Sicilian monarchs. In pass- four miles within the circumference of 

lag dlong, several holes in the ground the walls, it is impossible to be believed 

were pointed out to me, as openings that the population is so great as the 

Which led into the Catacombs. The Tem- SiciUans allege. They talk of S00,0CO 

pie of Concord is in fine condition, as inhabitants; a number, ivotwithstaudiug 

im antiquary would say ; the parts hav- that the people swelter by dozens toge* 

ing been collected and replaced on each ther in very small apartments, not to be 

other, by order of the king. The temple credited. Tlie population of Palermo 

•f Juno has also been re-edified in the may be equal to that of Dublin. — It a^ 

sUde mdnher. ^ut still, even though pears to me, that it is not only the prae^ 

they be the monuments of Agrigentura, tice of the Sicilian tradesmen to work in 

the sight of them is hardly worth a sab- the streets, but that particular streets 

bat^i-day's journey. The church of St. in Palermo are, in some degree, appjro^ 

Martin in the Fields, London, is larger priatedf to certain occupations : not that 

than both of them put together, and each trade exclusively attaches it&elf to 

infinitely ihore inagnificent. Whatever ^ny one part of the town, but, gene- 

-the Antients may have thought of thb rally speaking, it has a local situation 

grandeur of Agrigentum, one can hardly iihere it may be considered as predomi- 

tefr^n from suspecting, that, in order nant. The Via Toledo seems to be the 

to form a true conception of It, we grand empoiium of all the professious 

shonld have pictures as well as words, dependant on fashion. Another street 

The epithet Palace is a|>plied to the resi- is almost entirely occupied with braziers; 

dence af the chi&^ of the Hottentots, as and there ^s perhaps not a more noisy 

well as to the Vatican; and the two or 6pot in all Europe. Our thin tinned 

three score of pillars plated with sttitMM) iron scarcely seems to be known here i 

which remain of Agrigentum, aire not but considerable quantities of block tin 

calculated to confirm the stories of its are used in the manufacture uf lamps, 

splendour. I can never now believe forks, and other culinary and table 

that it was rehlly any thing but a respect- utensils. In a third street I observed a 

able Sicilian town, when the island was number of female children, in almost 

probably a little more prosperous than every hoose, employed in tanbancini; 

at present." and embroideriog muslin. Thanaan* 

Palermo formi an lalfcrceUng and ^acture af mnsUns h^been U^trodoc^ 

itrj amusing article : some time, and succeeds so well that u 

^ ** - already consumes the principal part of 

•* All the descriptions that I have seen the cotton raised in the district of Terra 

of the capit;«l of Sicily are rather defec- Nova. The chief establishment is at 

tlve than incorrect. Only the finest Caltanisetta, an inland town, rather 

things are brought into the picture ; the distinguished for its linen trade. The 

neat masseft of mean and slovenly oh- latter branch is much indebtetl to Uie 

^:t8, which everywhere offend the eye war, which has raised the price of Ger- 

m the original, are excluded by the pre- mam linen so high, that the Sicilians 

judices of the taftte of travellers. Pa- are obliged to have recourse to the pro- 

lermo, notwithstanding the number and ductions of their own looms. The wo* 

arcbiteetural ma^lficence of its Palaces men are the weavers : their wages ase 

and Churches^ has an air of tawdry about 9<{. per day. ITie. same quantity 

Want, sqch a» cannot be dbtinctly de- and kind of goods which were sold in 

kcribed. Poverty seems really to be the the year 1792 for a dollar, are increased 

ordinary condition of the people from in value to above a dollar and a hajf.. 

the top to the bottom. The ground In th« i^ghbourhood of the tambonrers ' 

street 



Ul^.] 



Beoino qT Nao Publicatians, 



Ui 



^reet there is a lane eatirely occupied 
by chair-makers and bednniutos. It may 
be oeoessaiy to explain what the latter 
profession is ; - Hrhicb, I think, doea 
some credit to the SiciliaBS, it it ori^ 
l^nated vkith them. The climate of 
this country -is peculiarly eon^nial to 
the en^nderings of bu^ and other anti- 
donnists; and the iuhabitants, in cod^ 
sequence^ I imagine^ have renounced 
bedsteads of wood, and adopted iron 
ones. Were the frames made of cast 
metal, they might be rendered Qrna<> 
mentsd, and could be procured, J shotUd 
think, much cheaper than the ham* 
mered iron, which, is the only kind at 
present in use." 

^ "the College of the Jesuits in the Via 
Toledo is the finest building^ in Palermo. 
It may not occupy so much ground as 
Christ Church in Oxford, or Trinity in 
Cambridge; but in arelutecture it excels 
^m ; and k is adorned nvitlt more 
costly ornaments. The stairs and gal- 
leries are Apacious. The steps of all the 
former arc made of large single blocks 
of marble, and the walls of the latter 
are hun^ with pictures and portraits, 
stvecal ^of which are said to- be Tery 
good. ..... The tendency of the system 

of the Jesuits was to obtain the manage 
ment of the pohtical machine of the 
world: to take it out of the hands of 
the hereditary orders and of the mili- 
taiy; and to substitute, in place of 
coercion and prerogativcy reason and 
persuasion in the regulation of natienal 
affairs : to re-establish on the ruins of 
the Empire of Christendom, which the 
Reformation had so effectually rent and 
undermined, another Empire of Opinion^ 
over which their own enterprising fra- 
ternity should have the sovereign influ- 
ence. Without examining their profes- 
sions (for as members of the Roman 
eburch their professions were necessarily 
in conformity to its doctrines), let us 
only look at what th^y did: they formed 
a plan of intercourse and correspondence 
which extended to every country where 
they could obtain a footing ; and they 
endeavoured to insinuate themselves 
into the conBtlence of mankind by every 
^cies of address that could procure an 
interest in the affections. Where a re- 
putation of sanctity was the best in- 
Ktmment of advancement, the Jesuits 
never failed to distinguish themselves by 
the correctness of their morals. Where 
deiterity and address were wanted, the 
JBembers of the brotherhood displayed a 
penetration and ability which have nevev 
been excelled. In short, by the exercise 
of all the various modificatiens of genius, 
wherever talents excited admiration and 
ac€|ttired powef,^ the Jesuits were dis- 



covered labouring fbt the ascendancy. 
They were a relfgious order, because ih« 
charaeter ^ priests fkdlHated theii^ 
views. — The tendency of the prind^ 
pies of this ceHbrated society be^n ta 
manifest itself in so many varioua ws^s, 
and with so great aa uniformity of eiect^ 
that it came to be considered as the re-; 
suit of a premeditated desimi. Therse- 
cular rulers of JEurqpe were alahne^* 
They saw that hcreditaiy rank^and pri« 
vilegi&— all (those thingit wbidi tbey eei|- 
eeived to Ue the end lor which goverift-f 
ments were institoted, ureuld be mb-- 
verted by the Jesuit^if .and* thereioic^ 
coalescing against the Order, they e^, 
iected its abolition. A partial restora* 
tien, however, has lately been permitted 
in Palermo ; and the school of the Order 
is numerously attended. If the timet 
and circumstances in which the restera^ 
tion has taken place be considered, w^ 
may perhaps see cause to regard di». 
Sicilian government as inlhieneed^ lA ^ 
this matter, by a broader poliey than ifS<' 
commonly ascribed to its viewi. Th^ 
success of tbe French has been, undeBi- 
ably, in a great measure, owing to their^ 
general mental superiority, Tbe very 
isrrors of the RevoUitionists proceeded, 
from a kind of moral rankness that led: 
to undertakingl^ whieh were criminal- 
only because they were excesses. Armiee^ 
having been opposed to their armiet* 
without effect, it is plausible to have 
recourse to a systematic oonnteraotios- 
of their moral vigojuH*. This is a refine^ 
ment in policy, however, that seeaa 
hardly credible j bat it ought to be re- 
membered, that iu the Court of Palenstf^ 
there are many friends and admirera ol^ 
FUangieri." 

Mr. Gait next introduces " the 
C\etg^ \'' and, we are sorry to ah*- 
serve, with a sarcasm more compre^ 
hensive, perhaps, Jthaa was intended* 
Not content with laughing at ** th* 
ridiculousappearanceof gowns, cowls^ 
and shaven crowns,*' and . lamentiog 
the ignorance and supinencis of tha 
Skiiian Ecclesiasticks ; he hurls too 
general an anathema against £ccIqi» 
siastical Establishments in geoeral, 

''The doctrinal corruptiooa are noi : 
now thought of ; nor do even considers - • 
tions of morality much contribute to ths 
increasing contempt with which th6 
ecclesiastical profession throughout thi^ 
provii^ce of the Papal empire is regarded* 
The institutions of the Church tfre no# 
generally estimated by. their temporal " 
utility ; and, being found without valusr 
in tUs respect^ are of course deemed 
oppressive." 

0111 



141 



Review of New Publications. 



[Feb. 



Bot wc pan on to far more agrec- 
alfle tomes, difcaised with that plain 
good lense and manly firmness ivhich 
characterise the Writer. 

** Among the most striking prooft of 
the decline of clerical wealth and power 
in Sicily, is the falling off in the custo- 
mary largesses to the poor at the gates 
•f the convents. The effect of this in 
the first instance is melancholy. The 
state of the poor is gradually become 
Worse, and in Palermo the number of 
mendicants has wisibly increased within 
the last twenty years. Some time since 
their distresses attracted the attention 
of the government ; -and a large and ex- 
tensive estaUisbment, in imitation of 
Dor English workhouses, was instituted 
to remedy the evil. The building-, 
though not yet completed to the extent 
of the design, would do honour to any 
State. The interior regulations are, I 
ikn told, efficient and judicious. The 
imnates amount to several hundreds, 
and their employment is chiefly in the 
different processes of the manufactories 
of silk. But, however well intended, 
this institution is found entirely inade- 
quate to remove the distresses uf the 
poor ; and in proportion as the Church 
continues to decline, the number of 
heggars must increase, until that salu- 
tary change in the habits of the lower 
Orders, of which the cessation of their 
gratoitous supply is the necessaiy fore- 
nmner, shall ^ave taken place. The 
Sicilian gentry, particularly the females, 
have the reputation of being ver}- cha- 
ritable. The * whole nation, indeed, 
seems to have a great share of benevo- 
lence. He must be strongly prejudiced, 
indeed, who would not adlow the con- 
duct of this people, to one another, not- 
withstanding the general distrust that 
individualizes them so much, to be both 

ipectabie and kindly.' 



, »» 



In the same concise but significant 
manner are described the Luxuries of 
Palermo; the Population; the Im- 
provement of the Country : Gaming; 
Time and Bells; Amusements; the 
Theatres ; the Tragedies of Alficri 
(sec Vol. LXXX. Part i. p. 458) ; No- 
bility t Source of Discontents ; Man- 
ner of Living ; Trade ; an Iraprovisa- 
tdre ; BookseTlers ; Quail-shooting; 
St. Rosalia; Academy of Painting; 
Barbers* Signs; Mode of Sepulture ; 
Karina ; and the Court. Of these 
we shall give a specimen. 

** BOOKSELLERS. 

** During my first peregrinations 
through PaiermOy 1 b«gan to form a 



very respectable opinion of the state of 
literaiy knowledge among the inhabit- 
ants. In almost every street I saw shops 
full of venerable looking books ; seem- 
ingly, by their size and binding, the 
most antient editions of the classics ; 
and every sho^ was crowded with custo- 
mers, intent to communicate, and eager 
to learn. Desirous of ascertaining what 
species of literature was most in fashion, 
I resolved to make a tour of the l>ook- 
sellers ; and, having breakfasted eariier 
by an bour than usual, I accordinglj 
sallied forth. But on going into the 
.first shop, the sen^ant whom 1 had hired 
to act as Sicilian interpreter, having 
previously understood the cause of the 
untimely breakfasting, came up, and 
said it was not a bookseller*s but a no- 
tary's shop. * Well then,* saifl I, * let 
us go to the next.' It was a lottery- 
ofHce. To the next : it was again «- 
notan's. Not to be tedious, let it su& 
fice to say, that all the numerous shops, 
with the \'enerable books, and throng 
of customers, turned out to be either 
lawyers' or lotterj'-offices. In the wbol^ 
city of Palermo, which probably exeeds 
in the number of palaces all the cities 
of the British empire put together, and 
the population of which is more than 
double that of Cdinbuigh, there are but 
two regular booksellers. There are, it is 
true, several other shops where booksare 
sold ; but they are mean and dirty, and 
only antiquaries and vermin frequent 
them. 

" gUAIL-SHOOTING. 

" In the month of September vast 
flocks of Quails come over from the 
Continent to Sicily, and, being fatigued 
by their flight, arc easily shot on their 
arrival. Tlie pleasure which the Paler- 
mitans take in this sport is incredible. 
Crowds of all ages and degrees assemble 
on the shore, and the number of sports- 
men is prodigious. In one gproupe 1 
reckoned eleven ; and, in less than half 
a mile, thirty-four groupes ; each con- 
sisting of from two to five persons^ with 
as many dogs. The number in boats is, 
perhaps, greater than those on the land. 
From morning to night they watch the 
coming of the birds, and Nature seem^ 
sometimes to be conquered by patience ; 
for I saw one day a sportsman actually 
asleep, his head resting on his gun. 
Bot, on observing the proceedings, this ' 
did not appear so much out of character 
as I at first supposed. For the aquatics 
first seeing the Quails, their firing rouses 
and giv^ signal to the landsmen. Then 
enviable is the lot of the idle apprentice 
who, with a borrowed old musket or 
pistol, no matter how unsafe, has gpiined 
posstsskm of the farthsst accessible rock,' 

vheft 



1S12.] 



Seview of New PMicatiom,* 



where there is but room for himself and 
bisdo^, which he has fed with bread 
only, all the year round, for thes^ de- 
lightful days, and which sits in as happy 
expectation as iiimself for the arrival of 
the Quails." 

The article on « The Court," and 
the '* Letter to Buonaparte*' in the 
Appendix, are at thtsjuncture particu^ 
larly interesting : and shew the Au* 
Ihor to be not merely an intelligent 
Traveller, hot an accuralc Observer 
of Human Nature, and a profound 
Diplomatic Politician. We rccom- 
meod them to c^eneral perusal. 
(To be continued.) , 

\\. A Narrative of the, Persecution of 
Hippolyto Joseph da Costa Pereira 
Furtado de Mendon^a, a Native of 
Colania-do-Sncramento, on the River 
la Plata ; impt'isoned and tried in Lis- 
bon, hy the Inquisition, for the pre- 
tended Crime of Pree-ma)sonry , To 
vJdck are mdded, the Bye-laws of the 
InquisUion 0/* Lisbon, both antient and 
modem, (never before pvhlished,) 
taken from the Originals in one of th/i 
Hm/al Libraries m London. S vols, 
%vo: Sherwood and Co, , 

WITH much regret we letrn from 
tbi.< Narrative that the Inquisition 
<liii continues ^iL*i all its dreadful 
horrors, in Portugal. The Author of 
Ihii ** Narrative*^ is duly qualified to 
4e«cribe its dreadful horrors, having 
•uffered ten years* imprisonment for 
tbe alleged crime of Free Masonrjf. 
Fortunately, however, he escaped, 
Md livei to tell the tale. 

** From my earliest infancy 1 had ao- 
«istoined myself to consider the exis- 
tence of the inquisition in Europe as a 
1 tystem formed by ignorance and super- 
stition, and tliereforc I had ahvays 
viewed it with horror : but little did I 
<ver dream of becoming myself a victim 
of its persecution. It is hardly credibly 
that, ill the nineteenth centur}', a tri- 
tunal should exist, that, without any 
apparent cau^e, or without any violatiou 
^ the laws of the country, should feel 
empowered to seize individuals, and try 
them for offences which roust be consi- 
dered imaginary, if tbey are not to be 
found, which is* the case, in the criminal 
code of the country." 

The Volumes are inscrihed, 

** To the British Nation at large, and 
'W'* particularly to the most antient 
•nd venerable Society of free dnd 
»Wqjted Maf9Qt, who h?tv« th« JJORowr 



at this time, and have had for these 20 
years, of possessing His Royal Highness 
the Prince Regent for their Grand Master, 
this work is most humbly and most 
respectfully dedicated, as a token of big 
admiration for their .Constitution, and as 
a pledge of Gratitude for their univer-* 
sally acknowledi^ed philanthropy, whicli 
is not merely confined to Europe, but 
has extended its influence to the motl 
distant comers of the Globe, by "^ 

The Author." 

Mr. Hippolyto da Costa (of whom 
a good portrait is given) is Editor of 
the Correio Braziliense^ a Portu- 
guese Journal published in London, 
on loyal but independent principles! 
and seems fully entitled to the pro- 
tection and patronage of the Princ# 
Regent of Portugal, and of the Brftis|| 
Nation. Some account of his Rela* 
tions was given in our last, p. SI, 

The secrets of the Prison-house ar« 
faithfully repealed; and the Work 
abounds with very useful informatiom 

\$, Biog^raphia Dramatical or, a Corti^ 
panion to the Playhotise : containing ^ 
historical and critical Metnoirs, ans^] 
ori^nal Anecdotes, 5^ British and IrisJ^ 
Dramatic H'^i-itei's., from the Com^ 
mencement of our Theatrical Exhibit 
tions ; among wliom are some qftlie mos$, 
celebrated /I c tors : also an alphabetical 
jiccountf and chrpnological Lists, of 
their TVorks, the Dates wtten printed^ 
and Observatipfis on their Merits : tc^ 
jgether with an Introductory f^'iew of 
the Rise and Progress of the British 
Stage. Originally compiled, to tJyf 
Year 1764, by David Erskine Baker. 
Continued thence /o 1 732, by Isaac Reed^ 
K A> S, And brought down to the Emf 
of JVovember 1 3 1 1 , with very consideri- 
able Additions and Improvement^ 
throughout^ by Stephen Junes. In 
Three Volumes, Svo; pp. 789^ 494; art4 
478. Nichols and Son, ifc, 

THE reputation of this Work hai. 
long been fully cslablished. Th« 
Edition of it by Mr. Heed, assisted, 
as tt is well known he was, by tho 
powerful pen of Mr. Steevens, wai 
received by the puhlick with tho 
favour it so well deserved ; and th^ 
Yolumes have long become scarce. 

The present republication, enlarge! 
to three, or rather to four voJuDnes, 
for the first is divided into two parts,, 
will add considerably to the credit 
which Mr. Jones has long sio^e o|>-. 
tained as an Itble aud accurate Editor 
of Biographj, aad a Dramatic Critic* 

Tfcn 
/' ■■■ ' . .-. " 



f*-* . Review of^^ew Publications. [Feb. 

The Volumcf arc inscribed : Of the taik which the present Kdi' 

^ To HU R4>yal Highnesft George Au- tor hat menteriotisly perforaed, a 

irustus Frederick, Prince Regeutof the beilcT account caimot be giTCtt fkn n 

United Kin^^iiom of Great Britain, &c. in hii own words : 

** Sir, The very distin^ished patro- 
' Aage which your Royal Highness has ." Jh^ influx of Dramatic Writingt 
l)een pleased to bestow on the Fine Arts within Che last thirty years has been so 
in this haj^ country $ your princely great, that the number of those recorded 
munificence to that meritorious Institu- in the fomeredition of this work (1782) 
tjon, the literary Fund ; bat more has been veiy neariy doubled in the pre- 
especially your late marked encourage- sent ; wbich, however, is by no means 
fnent of the Drama, by condescending, to be considered as a mere continuation ; 
Xjk a conspicuous manner, to grace the fer, nearly as much labour and researcli 
erection of the new Theatre Royal in has been bestowed upon correctiuf ' 
Covent Garden, and by allowing your throughout, and rendering more perfect. 
Bust to form the subfect of the Corporate the portion of the work which had been 
Seal of .the Subscribers to that in Drury before printed, as upon that part which 
I«ane, will, it is hoped, plead my apolog>' inay more legitimately claim to be con- 
fer havmg presumed, witheut your Mm)w*- sidered as new. — A very great number of 
ledge» to dedicate to your Royal Uip^- hitherto unknown or uncertain dates 
nesB a publication which, I trust, wilt have by the exereise of unremitted dili* 
be found a useful accession to the drama- gcnce, been now ascertained; and manj 
tic department of litocature. — Were J to hundreds of erroneous dates have- been 
deviate from the immediate subject of rectified from actual inspection of the 
this Work, to contemplate the general original editions. It is hoped, therefore, 
tenour of your Royal Highness's ad- that whoever may hereafter have occasioa 
minisj^tion of the Govemm^'nt of this to consult this catalogue, will not^ 
tJnited Kingdom, since your acceptance where he may find that its dates differ 
of the high ofilce of Regent in conse- from former authorities, too hastily con- 
iquence of the unhappy Hlness of your cludethat they must therefore hew ron^ 
Royal Father, our most beloved and — The Editor brought to this laborious 
revered Sovereign, a wide field, indeed, undertaking Che result of thirty years 
would open to my view, and one in which acquaintance \if ith the early British Drai* 
I should delight to expatiate ; but, how- matists : bis collectanea were, of course, 
ever much disposed to enga^ in this numerous; yet there was an obvious nc- 
}>leasing task, I can only, upon the pre- ccssitj- for his looking beyond their limits 
Sf'nt occasion, ^adopt, as most expressive for materials that might enliven as well 
/>f my sense of your magnanimity and asenlarge and improve the Work. Upon 
patriotism, the sentiments contained in Mr. Kemble, therefore, he took the 
^ recent unanimous resolution of the liberty of calling, though scarcely pes- 
Corporation of London^ declaring ^ the sonally known to him. The great cour- 
4ecp and gratcfuf sense entertained by tesy and kindness tha^ he espeneoee^i 
-the Court of your public virtues, and from that gentleman, and the liberality 
jamiable and enidearing qualities ; of the ^>th which Mr, Kemble spontaneously 
purity of your constitutional principles, offered the loan of his interleaved and 
«xcmpliiied by your uuv^ed attachment corrected copy of the book, as well as 
to the rights and liberties of the people; the free use of any others in his match- 
^of your exalted forbearance and modera- Jess dramatic library, made an indelibi<s 
tion during the whole of your Rayal impression On the mind of the Editor, 
Father^s aflicting indisposition : and of who, before that time, bad only had an 
-your rare self-denial, in refusing to in- opportunity of contemplating his pubil^ 
<;iease the national expenditure by any character, as the best living illustrator 
temporary addition to your state and of our Counti^''s Dramatists, and th« 
digoity as Prince Recent: thus practi- ornamentand honour of the BritishStage^ 
caHy illustrating the union which roust — ^To Mr. Kemble's kindness, therefore, 
ever exist between the feeliogs of a gre^ this book stands greatly indebted ; k 
•«hd patriot Prince, and the happiness of also owes much ta the obliging commu- 
» free and loyal people.' — That the ni cations of James Bindley, esc^ of th« 
Wdtk which, with profound respect. Stamp-office, and Joseph Clarke, esq. 
I here inscribe to your Royal Highneu, of Huli. Some useful hints, that wert 
«uiy, at some favourable opportunity received too late to be Adopted in th# 
affbid you a temporary and not an un- body of the work, but which contribute 
•welcome relaxation from the cares of to improve the Appendices, were fucr 
£mpire, is the ardent wish o^ yo«r nished bv the Editor's much-esteemed 
, Jlojfvi Highness's most obedient and friend Thomas , Park, esq. T. S. A. tl^ 

' humble Servant, Rev. James Eyre, of Solihull, near Bit- 



^J[^09idGK, Dec. 1. ST6eiiBli^oysft.v jn i iij g h aaii the ^v, Jlipe^ Fhimptre. 



1812.] . Heview qf New PuUfcations. 144 

J.D.feltdwi»^Clir»Hiai, Ctmbrid^l «t coitef9» be was «Im«4y JSaiSp^pi^^ 
Md PbUip Bliss, esq. FtUoir of St Joha^t for that talent of elo^ytioQ, whidi hu 
•oikff y Oxford." nnce raised him to unriy^Ued emiaeAat 

*, . r J I* ij "* **** deliveiy o^ the eompoeitlong qC 

From to copious a fund* It would our immoitaUhaksp^aw, Hw'uigimm 
\e easy to extract roaBj weil-writtea through his aead^raioal couwe with 
and entertahuui^ articlea. Amongst nuch reputation, Mr. Kembk rctoniail 
these we haye particularly notjcfill to Enffland, and^ prrfe rriAs^ the sta^ 
the articles of Mr. Charles Banner ^ to eveiy other pursuit, peribnaed at 
Ufr Andrew Cherry % and Mrs. Inclh Llverpo«l> Yovlc> and Edinbu^ — Of 
held: firofli which last we stop to bis merit or snc<;e8s as an actor, at that 
tiantcribe tm epitaph oo that lady *s V^^o^* we hare not heard i hut bis 
iMMbaod (who was buried at Leeds) J?'*^ ^^ to have been always fuU of 
irrittea by Mr. Kerable i ^ profession ; f<>r, whUe at Liverpool," 

* he produced a tragedy on the stoiry of 

<<Si8te« Viator { BeHsariusi and at York, brought oa 

Hie srpeliuntur ossa the stage an altar^ion of T^e I^ew ff^ 

iosBPiii Incq»ald, Histrionuj U patf Old Dfibts, and also of 7%^ Cbii 

qui arquaUum suprum meify ^JErrors, named in the alteratioa 

ii i^tis scenarum (acil^ priacieps evasit» Oh / It *» impottible I He, about tbic 
yirtatisque hi v«rSs vits^ claruit exemplar, same tame, published a smaU eoUcctloA 
Phtcal este« invi^a superstitio, of verses, under the UUe of Fifgiiivg 

et malasuadens religionis turbidjus Pieces^ They were juvenile production^ 
laBBOrl with which, we havie hteu txM» be was 

Vtstris eaim ingratiis, hie lapis omnibus so much discontented When he saw tbcfls 
prmdi<^abit in print, that, the veiy day after theix 

4|ii^in bis bao^i sacrs carceribua publication^ be destroyed every eopy ol 
vir recti seraf»er tqnax, them that be fXHild Feo9ver from the 

IscBscharus, in paupere6,'prore»bmg^ publisher, or elsewhere; though lyitjh 

nus, more modesty, pertiaps, than dji^assionf 

pater optimus^maritusfidelis, ate decision; for we have beard, froa 

•ssietatis jurum in cunctis obscrvaatis- a very good judge who had seen them* 

simus, that, though not faultless^ they were 

ttii gaudium, nee non seriorum certainly cbaracterized by vjivid flashes 

oni amentum, of fe^ng and fiimcy. A copy of thesa 

expect ans * birth-strangled poems was, it Is said, 

de dementia 'Numinis immortalis, sold lately for 3/. 5#.—- Whilst at York, ^ 

- etemA. f rui feKcitata Mr. Kemble also tned a new speeies d 

refpiiescit. ^ entertainment in (the theatre of that 

Jos. Incbbalo, city, consisiting of a repetition ,of th* 

danon ayms quadragesimum quaitum most beautiful odes from Mason, Grafv 

oetavo Iduum Juuii and Collins; oftbetalegof i<eFeyrean4 

jnortem obiit ^ lifariafcom Steme ; with other pieces ia 

anno MDccLXStx.*' prose and verse; and in this novel an4 

. fhe mention of the Author of the kwafdous undertaking met with such 

AoTcInscriplioii induced us to turn WK>bation. that we bave ever smoa 

toWaifl the article in which he U de- »»««J<«^«jr»«^ ^l.T?*^f ."^^^'^f^^VT^ 
«-;l^ Z j •" f»"".i« ...w "'^ want nothing but his talents to he as 

»cnW, and we caauot, oa everjr «j^,f„i J' their original. In Edin- 

accsuat, sel^t avmore proper spcpi^ b^t, ^e delivered a lecture, of bis owa 

auaitf the additional Lives. composition, on sacisd and profane ora^ 

" KamtB, Soav Philip, beyond dis- toiy; which, while it proved him a 

pote "^ 'ftrst ^tragedian of our times, sound critick in bis own pcoiession, oh* 

vasbom at Prescot, in Lancashire, in tained him the reputation of refined 

^year 17Sr. He received the rudi- taste among men of letters. From £dinr» 

OMts of fetten at tiie eelebrated Ro- burgh he was engageu to act in Dublin, 

BsaCathSlic seminary of Sedgel^ Park, where be remain^ two years, and wbeia 

inStoffordsbire; and here made so ra- the attraction of bis exertions, and the 

fi^apmgiess in his studies, and gave applause that rewarded them, are still 

P^ofMd a taste for literature so un- so fresh in ev^ry body's remembrance, 

**BMi at bisjeariy age, that bis fotb^ as not to need our expatiating on them,, 

^indiiced to send him tothe Univer« •^-Mr. Kemble appeared on the stage for 

%ofi]iKmay, .for the advantage of an thetfirst time.inlAmdon, at Druiy Lane 

<<}«tttioa that migbt quaUfy him for Theatre, on the 30tb of September 1782, 

soe of the ieamed professions. Whilst in the sbarastar 4>f Jiamkt* His recep« 

7 



]f6 Sevicm of New Publicatmu. ■ [Teh. 

'tion in tbe lnett«pa)!i was higUj' favour- whateTcr be migbt RbiI worthy of adep> 

ftble »nd encouraBirtg, and hi* perform- tioo imeng the tonign pnifeuora of the 

ance of the Daniib Pri6ce became even icenrc art. ARer passing: ■ twsl**- 

tben tbe subject of uniTersal discourse mon^b at Paris and Madrid, with Tery 

and approbation ; yet be bad not, till flattering mirkg of consideratioa ia 

iome seasons after, tbe opportuniiy of both those capitals, he returned bone ; 

displaying bis abilities in their complete aad, baring purehaseda sixth part of the 

«tt«nt ; aluiost atl tbe principal parts, property of Covent Garden patent, &c. 

both In tragedy and comeily, being at became mana^r of that theatre, wber« 

that time in the possession of Mr. Smith, behas ever since continued indc^igably 

Ml whose retirement. In 1T88, Mr. to discbar^ the multifariom and diSicnH 

Kemble was promoted to that derisive duties of that arduous station. — Tbi* 

lead in the tragic path, which he has raptd'sketch of Mr. Kenblt's life iricbt 

ever since maintained with increasing have been swelled to « veiy imporinc 

powers and popularity. — On tbe seces- hulk, by tbe insertion of same of tfaose 

■ion of Mr. King, Mr. Kemble became divertinj; and contrulirtory anecdotes 

manager of Uruiy Lane Tbea.tre. In respecting him, vrbicb lie scattered and 

this office, which be held uninterrupt- Ibi^tten in various obscnre pobUcationsi 

cdly for eight years, be amplyJustiBed but, as moat of them that we have «een 

the diseemment that had plaoed biaiB areonly humorous traditions and antlent 

it> by tbe many mBterial impft>vementl tbealricat stories new-reviTcd, stoten 

vbicb he made in tbe general conduct from the true owners, and by temporarf 

of the preparatory business of tbe stage, ill-humour en recent occurrences, ik 

in the regular deconira of reprcwota- which he was, unlnckily, destined to 

tion, in the impartial appointment of play bis part, set down, mtilalBiiemine, 

performers to cbaractert suited to their to Mr. Kemble's account; and as tbe rest 

real abilities, and in giving lo all cha- of them are, by the acknowledgment of 

racters tlieir true and appropriate ce*- their original propa^at»r, the mere in- 

tume. The department* of Ibe painter tentiuDi of his own ptolrftc imaginatioi^ 

and machinist were likewise objects of we shall not condescend to abuse tbe 

bis constant attention ) and to hjs study reader's patience, ar credulilv, by re- 

and exertions the drama is indebted for viving and giving them anv eurrcntf. 

the present propriety and matp^ificence The poet shall not say of us, ' 

of it, scenery and decorati-ns. These < DestroyhUfib and sophistrvi-invai«; 

«sent.al unprovements he mO^ unrem.t- ^he creiure's at his dirty wo k aJn/ 
tingty supports: and, while theyremam, ' •*«"■ 

they will at once give testimony to the '^Mr. Kemble having been somncbtba 

food sense, tbe profeuioaal knowledge, subject art)ublic notice ofraiious kinds, 

and classical taste of their introducer, "' have taken great pains to ascertain 

and 1^ our native drsma under great *he accuracy of tbe account btre given 

•bligations to him, for having r^sed it, of him. The result of our inquiries ha« 

introtbandsplendour of representation, Ij^en a strong support of the declaratioD 

hr above the competition of any other in of the late cicelleiit and judicious Isaac 

Europe. — Mr. Kemble.at various times. Reed: ' I luwirnot from what cause it 

during his management, ban succes^ully bas arisen (says he), but] think I hav« 

prepared several of our old plays for per- observed a more tban common degree oE 

formance, with alterations, more or less Inaccuraty in facia and dates relative t* 

■uterial, as modem manners might hap- the slagt.****lmmediately on the death 

pen to require: and many new pro- of Mr. Quin, in 1766, a pamphlet was 

ductions, particularly tbe plays of Betf/" published, professing to he an'accotott 

«n>di>>im»,7%«.S(iwifrr, and the opera of his life, in which the fact of his having 

at 7T>t Sitge ttf Bdgraile, ace, we have killed a brother actor was related j bttt 

beard, much indebted to his friendly and *° reUt>:d, that no one circtiinstanee 

■kilful assistance. In 1 794 be pit>duccd, belonging to it could be depoided tm^ 
mt Druiy Lane Theatre, a musical ro- 
mance, called IjBdaaka, which was per- 
formed during along succession of nightt 
with very great and merited applause. 
In 1796 Mr. Kemble resigned the situ- 
Mion of manager of Drury Lane Tbea- 
tret hut shortly after resumed, and held 
it till tbe end of the season 1900-1. Id 
I80S be visited the continent, for tbt 
liberal'purposc of studying the Frenob 
and Spanish stages, and of employiof, 
' ' * ofoorowiiUlHU^ 



1842.] Review of Ntm Publications. 14 j 

Mr. Kemble never loses si^ht of bis pro- to my grandfather's breast when he waf 
lession. While performing, he is ever reading: prayers. He said, < Gentlemen* 

attentive to the minutest e^rcumstance^ use no violenoe; here is none will resist 

whether relating to his own part, or to you.' So they took away the Cummon- 

the sentiments expressed by others who Prayer Book, and laid a ballad in ita 

nay be concerned in the scene ; when off place. My grandfather went and sat 

tbe stage, be is diligently engaged in the with his wife and children, and heard 

pursuit of whatever maybe connected Mr. Pegg read an account of all bis faults^ 

with the-htstonr or ilhistratiqp of his art. for which he was turned cmt, concluding^ 

He has tbere&re^ at a prodigious ex- * And so God has justly spewed him out 

.pence, made an unrivalled collection of of his mouth.' Mr. Pegg went then 

the dramatic works of British genius, into the pulpit, and took his text, * / 

/Snd of books relative to the bistoiy of jiAf bath sent me unto you.' My 

the stage $ and during the long period of grandfather was several times imprisoned 

his management in the two winter the- for christening a child, and marrying^ 

atm, lS|e publick have been indebted to and for not keeping parliament Ceastt 

his researches into our antient drama and thanksgiving days." 

for the revival of many pieces of acknow- « Townley, James, M. A. the second 

kd^ ment,. which had been long neg. ,^„ ^ ^ merchant. Was bom in London 

kcted and ^most forgotten; hut which j„ ,7,4 ^^^ ^^^^.^^^ ^.^ education at 

bis veiy jQdidottt alterations have con- Merchant Taylors' school, whence be 

tnbuted to restore to their merited ^^^ ^j^^^^j (^ St. John's college, Oxi 

|K)pularlty. for,!^ ^^^^ j^f^^^ taking orders, he was 

A Lift then follows, of 26 Dramas chosen morning preacher at Lincoln's 

written, or altered for representation, J"" chapel, and lecturer of St. Dunstan's 

by Mr. Kemble; and an admirable '« the East. He married, in 1740, Mist 

poeUcal picture of him, extracted «^aneBonnin,of Wimlsor,descendedfroii| 

from " The Stage," in a Tolume of ^^ ^^^^^V ?™J^^'' *"*''* 'i*'**'^! K^^"" 

-* Venes on varicfus Occasions by John ^^."IT.L iSi^ '?-'"'T' T"^^ a^T 

Tavlnr «.#. I70»i»» patronagc Mr. Townley obtau.ed the 

layior, esq. I7»d. living ofStBeimet,Gracechurch Street, 

In turnmg over the volumes, we London, and a vicarage in Essex. He 

meet, among the new Lives, with afterwards became grammar-master to 

•eTeral whom we have either per- Christ's Hospital; and in 1759 was chosen 

sonally known, or whose characters we high master of Merchant Taylor's school, 

respect. Among the latter class, we in which office he died July 15, 1778, 

iluul take two deceased Worthies : having been presented, in 1777» to a 

" Pectbll, Thomas, vicar of Packing- "T?"- ^J? ^^^ »»> Bishop Shipley, to 

ton, in Leicestershire, was author of an ^hOm he was chaplain. Mr. Townley 

aapublished Latin comedy caUed Fersi^ ^f^^^^ fr^Jf^u^*"^^ ^"'^'^ domestic 

feiHi, 1631. See Mr. Nichols's valuable ^"^"f ."1 ^^ ^^^^.^^ ^^'^^ ^^ » ""^^^^ 

Bihry of I^cester,hire.^Thh u^orthy convivial companion, and a man of 

•ldmai(saysMr.Nichols)appear8tohave "?»^^ ^'^"^"T 'J??""!^?' , "« ^^^ t^« 

tasted bitterly of the cup of affliction, close intimate of Garrick,from wjbom he 

Fnnn 1638 to 1640, we find him continu- held for some years the valuable viparagr 

iltyeinployedinpreachingbeforetbeKing, «^ "!"*^n '" ^*'^*^J^!?» 5 *»^^. 'J ,>* f "P" 

i^atlands, andat the court ; and inl640 ^^^^ ^*>^^ '"^"y ""f Mr- Qarrick's b<Mt 

before * the council of -King and Lords at Pf od^f^^ns and revivals partwk of Mr, 

York.' In or before 1644 he resigned Townle/s assAtmg hand. He was the 

the vicarage of Packington to his son , Ipng-conceajed author of the celebrated 

whose nlme in that year first appears ^^'?« ""^ ^J^t l^^^ u^T Stmrs^w 1159$ 

in the register. By a letter written a piece which has held its reputation OA 

to Sir GeSrge Gresley, about 1645, it ^^,Vu^^ during fifty-two years, against 

*ppeaw that he bad then * long resigned f^} ^^"^ variatioKis of dramatic taste an^ 

his means of Packington to his eldest J»terary c^pnce. Mr.Town ey al^with 

SOU; and had beeri^robbed and plundered S^'.^J^r'^ materjally assisted his friertd 

•f goods (almost all) five seve^ times, Hogartb m his Jnalym •/ Beauty ; a» 

besides caitle.' Th- following particulars Hogarth s erudition was wholly ot the 

or him were communicated by his grand- P«"^i^- . ^Z' J<>wnl«y. as a divine, was 

iiughter, Mrs. Sarah Mu^eston: M much admired. His manner of delivery 

We beaid my mother say, Mr. Pegg was graceful, impressive, and energetic, 

(which was the usurper's iame) came ^»>f ^^^'f ^J. j»« **iT u"?* "T T'^u "^l* 

wto Packington Chureh, in time of yet. unstudied, and (what ,s the highes| 

ditineservicl, with a troop of soldiers, Prajse of sacred oratoiyj adapted to the 

»Hh their pisils cocke^ «Ld Md the^ w»deKtanding of a general a^^ito^^ 



141 



Meoiao «f Nine J'tMicatwtu, 



[FA. 



tsflie tinf fe s^rttdAs only xrti in prhie. 
As agranmiarian and tutor be Imb seldom 
been surpassed ; mnd many of his pupilb 
are now filling the highest stations m 
the three professions of law, physic^ 
And divinitj*. In him wfere eminently 
blended the attainments of the Schol^ 
pndthe demeanour of the Gentleman^ 
his talents were oensiderable ; and the 
^blick, perhaps, have to regret that his 
fuccessor; have not given his works totbe 
Irorld. His dramatic productions were 
ffcree Farces, I. Hig^h fjfe hel&w Stairs, 
^o. 1759. 2. PaUe Ome&rd, 1764, not 
printed. 3. Tlie Tui&r, 4to, 17^5.— 
We question if all the pages of praise 
mnd complimenty justly bestowed u|»eA 
that unequally and immortal actor 
Garrick, can furnish an effusion of «qual 
strength and point with the foUowing 
^y oor author. -^Within a few days of 
Garrick's departure, in 1764, for his 
continental tour,^ he was passing ^e 
evening, with his friend Mr. T« and face- 
^usly asked him if he had no poetic 
ndieu readv ; whieb, in a few minutes^ 
lnoduoed the following 1 

^ tt1i«n <SM<^ steps the Alps 'have 

Veod, 
Ihref^d to enter tnlghty Heme ; 
Xht AtarphttlHsatre shall nod. 
And RoTeins shudder m his tomb *.* 

t^ MIowing poetieal character of 
Jftr. Townley wae written by the late 
IKftr. Bishop, who succeeded him as high 
masteriiSf M«Thant Taylor's sohool, and 
ires spolcen byeoe of the youths (now 
the Kev. Ifr. Gardner) on a pnbliodn^t 
Oh. 99, 177«: 

-^t— > *9oT one lost friend 
JL tear "win trickle, and a si^h ascend..^ 
Jiever did fntfid love more parental 

prove; 
llever did father bear more friendly love ; 

^gely benevolent } minutely justf 
vwe disguise, because above distrust : 
Swfe, if he err'd, to err on candour's 
side ; [pride ; 

And onlypfoud, to shdw eontempt of 
.)^rank, but not fohvard; without ri* 
gour, right > [pol^ 

ttTith genius modest, and with truth 
lively, yet liberal, his convivial joke j^ 
Warm humour pointed ft ; good*nature 
spoke. [neat 

gi<^ was his fancy : thonp^h nnlabourM, 
3s phmse ; and chaste, though comic, 
his conceit. 

Sis wit was satire, by address dis4rm*d ; 
It manner won, eV^n whom th' attack 
alail^nM ; 
Save, when at vice— to vice alone a fb^— 
Full in the fade of daji be aiih'd his 
^l(rtf }-. • 



Or sped, unseen, 61* eilbetnal AiaflEt 

while Faroe^ [tifkote tbe eUdiB.** 

That hatl'd the triumph* knew mat 

If our limits permitted, we shouU 

fladly introduce the articles of Charley 
)ib4in^ Andrew Cherr^^ Joseph Reed^ 
f/srr^ Rowe^ Pdward Tiemps^ss^ 
Henrsf Woodward, 9uu 4ic, wbicb, 
with many oibers, are original, aB4 
Ctirious,/ 

We shall take a fotnre Of portanitj 
of ^ving #oRie «p«chn6nfi of Mr^ 
Joneses Dramatic Critiieiiin. 

IS. Animadversions en the IRfl fit htttmr 
Beguiating Ratish ReguterSy Meljf 
presented to, amended bj^, <tnd printed 
by Order ef^ fhe House ^f ^nemmvst 
and expected to be hrmtghtfufrwardfrnr 
the Sanction of Parhftmtenly 4St the ern 
suing Session. Bp a Tork^hi re Heetor, 
i2mo. t pp, $5. Peacoek, York. 

'< ON peruiAng the Bill jus^ deseribed. 
tbe author <>f these Remarks could 
not but think, that several of its pco^ 
vlsiona are eztraordinaEiy in their 'nature^ 
and would be pernicious «n their €o»* 
•equenees, while, at tbe same tim^ it 
would be ineffectual witbh regard toiti^ 
{NPofessed olject. He could not but 
think too, that a more general disappro- 
bation of it would have been expressed, 
bad not the measure been protectetl 
frodi general consideration by^the ap« 
plrently and comparativelyuninterestine 
na^re of its subject. Hence vriginateu 
the following Animadversions, which •are 
intended to state his reasons for theee 
•opinions, and^ to contribute towrdq 
awakening a becoming attention to tbe 
•prqieet in others. How feir these stric* 
tores «are just and deserving of their at- 
tention, jvthers must judge. Tbe writes 
-eonffsses himself a disciple 4t( that souse- 
what unpopular sehool, which inculcates^ 
rtiiat the main business of a very hu^ 
dass of subjects with /jfosev is U •heg^ 
'ihemi and that, while at all times be 
readily undertakes what be conceives to 
be the highly-useful task of detecting the 
(Stratagems of JaeoUns. and Heretics, it 
is with tbe greatest reluctance he bfts a 
finger against any measure proceeding 
f rom* a venerable member of our Senate. 
In conformity with these feelings, his 
first int^tiop in the present case only 
^«as, to eomipuineate his remarks to the; 
publiek through tbe medium of aMontbly 
'Publication tu \i bich every friend of Go- 
vernment is under great «»hligations, and 
wbidi eo«ftld nut be suspected of giving 
currency to objections advanced on slight 
grounds, or for opposition's sake. Tbi^* 
writer dyes |^t> howevef> cqn^ve it to 

•'/•••' \ b^ 



lilC] Ihoim ^ N^m PuhUeatmtn 1«9 

hi ^sLceeiSmg <kc privileges of Briti^ moranduras of anp indwiiumfj of mn^ 

mibjeetSy •f the rank of those ehkfly ir)- description of Disieaters, are to he r«- 

4ieffested in ttjje Bill in •question, freely to ceived and admitted fv /tf^w/ evicfrnM*, 

remonstrate a^inst any obnoxipus mea- ^hen copied by the deik in the pnMie 

•cure h^fbne it be passed into a law. He office, wjiile doeuments Mubteriked kjf m 

vupposes, on 4be eontfar^, chat tiie in* Clerg^mtm, and attested Igf kit Qmtck- 

tenikm of t^ House of Conimon9« wardnmt, are reused this honour> and 

(whose ulthnate object, beyond all doubt, considered as, of no authority whirti^ver, 

IS troth and the public advantage) in unless tbey are also accompanied with 

iBi(riy priatifii: a«d cHieulatin^ a Bill is, tlte Oer^y maris Oaihl Is not such ah 

to. elicit observation Crpn those whose enactmentylat once, dero^tory to the 

«i^iiition« in Hfe render then oaost Ct^^ and Orein«»ir< of the £stabbshed 

^umliarwifih its subject. He thinks, too. Church f Does not this uncereroonioua 

that there is much wisdom in atteiidini^ method of legalizing the proof of tran«- 

<o the precept contained in his^alotto, in actions performed in contempt of the 

«socting tlie evil in its incipient state. National institutions, strongly conn- 

While his> chariict^risUc disposition to tenance the opinion that our Forms of 

•perseade his readers cheerfully to * sub- solemnizing matrimony, baptism, and 

init to«very ordinance of man,* renders buriaj, are unneesssarpf and may weH hft 

him more solicitous, that *the powers dispensed with, whenever either eco« 

which Ood has ordained* may ena6t no uouiy or convenieiice shall so dictate? 

laws but auoh "as be can defend with Could then the-framer aM amenders of 

^sonnd arguments^ and a good con- this Bill well have devised any means 

^cienoe.** which would, indirectly, reflect greater 

- the firrt ohjcetion, and that one of' ^,'^"^'' **V^ Establishment and 

ihc jnokt niatwaj, it, ^'^'^ * ^*'"*** **^y' under existing «r* 

pw.^v>« luai.^ loi, M^ comstanccs, act more impoliticly .>— The 

« That the Offidating Minister of deliveiy of Ihese Memorandums to the 

lewetypMrishor^hapehy shall, within ten parish minister is left oftiotrnt wiUi 

4la9«jieatafterward,«i^i/Jr 011 ottf^iQ^ore Dissenters: a part of them is only re- 

m dJmU Magitfaie^ the mnienU of' the Re- quired to certify InteMtions J Thousands 

0attr-Book / under the penalty of being upon thousands of them must be handed 

'jdaqualified from exercising bis ecdesias- from place to place on loose semps of 

.tteal duties, for the space of three paper. Thescj ace specimens how well 

^■Qstths, at the «Uscnetion of the Ordi- the scheme is adapted to promote * ifni- 

fWBP." formiAjf and universal w:curacpf* 

J'^!:^'^^^J'^^ Not t« aotice aaj other polul,, 

the ^?es of i:he publkk; an implication " Th« Clergy further object, that the 

'^hat, as A body, they acci not men of ve- S»H >» question would deprive ih^ ijf » 

«Ki^, whose word and subscriptkm can jpw<w» ^f their aecusiotn^d and %i(s ; 

Ike valied on j a putting $hem on a level »»«*« ^^^' *^/ " enacted, that after the 

frith the lowest civU officers, and the re- accomplishment «rf this prqiect, *it 

Itaileffs of heer and gin in.their parities, sl^al* "«^ ^^ lawful for any Clergyman ts 

^who Are thus calkjd Annually to swear «n^e, give, or sign any Certificates qi 

Mom a nogisMmte to their ^ood be- ^^y entries in his Register-bool^* 

issmam in their «J8pectiv« stations; and, (§• 22.} But, from tim^^immemorial, for 

« "pladng them in other bands than ^^^ extraction and signature of such 

ikam of :thw Eccleswstical Superior, to Certificates, the Clergy haw receive* 

«hflm they are, properly amenable for certain perquiiiites sufid tees. Tliese fe^ 

the diaehai^e «^ the duties of thfcir -are. usually specified in.their Terrier^, 

fubctiens." ^^^ ^^ as much a portion of their legi- 

_., • . * • « f . « * timate profits as their zlebe is. Heow^ 

The memoranda to be delivered by ^^^ cleVgymen have possessed the mea^ 

pissenters wauotber serious objection, of frequently obliging the poorer part of 

"Is there .« sufiBcient presumption, tbeir parishioners, by gratifying, their fo- 

;^hat becaose «ny persons whatever pro- mily curiosity, or serving their necessi- 

iess themselves Dissenters from the £s- tics, gratuitously. It has been state^ 

*t^lathed.ChMrch, their simple t^rma- that ' the urate of a large parish ip. 

UmAs de^cryit^ of being placed on^be London receives at least 40/. per annuu), 

4ame lootii^ with the oath of the Be- ^^^. copies of Registers and Certii^i* 

fislar Oerg^i Then, the sooner there cates,' In far mere instances, bowe4^^ 

arenosucbEi^tablishmentandCkrE^che 40f. will be nearer the amount of tht» 

better. — Yet, so it is phunly intim^ed, J^nnual receipts. These sums, *t tn^^t 

^ |md absolutely enacted in ibis Bill! be owned, may appear pitiful trifles to « 

-The ifipganwintfrf^. umi^hmticaifd J^t- QentleqMa whose public services have 






1 $e Reifiew of Nem PuUicaimu. [Felb^ 

been rewarded with maiiy thousands a publidc Itist>rovided»lliattbeCoiBnii0-> 

year; but to the poor Town-Rector, sioners of tbeXreaiiUiTthaU issue 9(KM>/.for 

whose whole annual profits from his the erection of an Office in each Proriwce^ 

living do not exceed 80/. and these one in London, and the other in York, t# 

chieflyarising from small perqubites and be the general Receptacles and Reposs^ 

fees, the most inconsiderable privaHon tories of all the Register Books which at 

is an evil to be deprecated.—- And never, present exist in the Kingdom, and of all 

•urely, could any measure be less season- future ones, which, in their respective 

able or reasonable than one.which would Provinces, are to be transmitted to then 

)n any degree curtail the present usual annua Jy. Two thousand pounds a year 

fees of the inferior and laborious Clergy, are to be allowed as salaries to two R»> 

These fees having continued the same gistracs GeneraL Copies of the Act, and 

for a long course of years, while money one set of Register Books^ are to be 

has so exceedingly depreciated in value, sent to eveiy Parish and Chap^lrjr. 

and while the price of nearly tfveiy other Now, the number of our Parishes and 

species of labour has advanced accord- Chapelries are about 12,000. Sup4 

iiiglyy the Clergy frequently spend their posing, therefore, that on an average 

time fur less by the hour than the rustic each of them has at present only S Re» 

in the fields, or Mr. John in the butlery. gister Books, which is, doubtlessy withiB 

Kot Seldom do they perform three the number, the aggregate will be 

separate official services, on three several 60,000. The regular annual increase 

occasions, those of Private Baptism, will be 36,000. But, for the suitable 

Christening, and C hurcbing, for Seven- accommodation of this large and conti* 

pence / Not seldom, after numerous pro; nually growing mass of Folios, each con^ 

fessional visits of a sick and dying parish- taining ' ninety-six leaves,' a far greater 

ioner, are they kept in humble waiting, sum than 9000/. it is conceived, will 

(as few menial labourers will really sub- immediately or very shortly be found 

mit te wait) at the funeral, for Terqtence ! necessary to be expended in buildings. 

This curtailment would be more vexa- There" is indeed n6 guessing at the ii>- 

tlous, if, as in the present case, while tolerable ultimate burden of the measure, 

ihefee is annihilated, the labour^ in the as the collection would rapidly becoHie 

very duty connected with it, is greatly enormous, and require an establishment 

incr^ased^ The cause for dissatisfaction accordingly. One circumstance in this 

would be at its height, if, as is also here improvement would be truly ridiculous, 

the case, these ill-spared deprivations of if those at whose expence it is supported 

fees, and additional unrewarded labours, were not toe angry to laugh : Owing t* 

should be devoted to the fatt( ning with the wonderfiil enactments that the 

a lOOd/. a year, of an useless lay Re- smallest parishes and the largest must 

gistrar. If, therefore, instead of cur- have books containing the same number 

tailing their fees, our Superiors, in their of leaves, and that t^sse Books must be 

wisdom, should see it fit to enact, thai transmitted to the general oAice ao^ 

the customary Fees of the Clergy for at- nually, (§ 1, 5.) nine-tentfu, at least, of 

tendance at Funerals, Weddings, and what is thus so expensively accommodated 

Churchings, and for Certificates of Re- and treasured up, will consist on^ of 

gisters, should be advanced in proportion blank leavet ! — And what, at the same 

to the depreciation of the value of money time, will not be the immediate and 

since they were last adjusted, they perpetual increased amnual burden t* 

wrould, doubtless, greatly facilitate the Parishes? Besides the 19,000 Inm 

obje<(t of a large class < of persons claim- Chests which would be wanted, Awty 

ing to be entitled to* a more suitable Parish must anfmaUjf provides Regitiev^ 

maintenance ; and perform a service that Books of the dimensions prescribed, 3 

would be otherwise, at least, of great for the Office of the Registrar General^ 

individual * benefit and advantage.' " and 3 for that of the Ordinary. These 

A A. .^»:«*.....^».«^k». i.».j.i,:.. books, niv stationer 'assures me, would 

After noUciog some dther hardships, „^^ \^^ ^^ ^hj, ^^^^ y^^ ^^ 

the Writer ^ery judiciously adds, ^j^j^^^ expenditure of nearly 70,000/., 

** Such are the bearings of the Bill be- the present whole Register expences in 

fore us on the Clergy, considered as mon parishes not exceeding a few shil- 

Clergy. Tbey will adso, of course, lings. And bow will these parishes feel 

equadly with others participate its gene- (and they will be a great majori^ of the 

ral inconveniences as members of the 12,000) which are compelled annually tft 

Community. Nor will these incon- waste their money in purchasing R«- 

veniences be any trifling afi^air. — It is a gister-Books to the extent of 1 162 Pageo^ 

fact' incapable of being disputed, that when TVerfi/y of these pages, and in mauy 

the execntion of this prpject would im- instances l^s than half this number, 

pose an addkiooal hia^ Tax on the will amply coataiu all whieh ^ley have ta 

registsrf 



IS 12.] Review ^New Publications. 1 5 i 

wgistcr ? Wai iiot snob persons bei^n to appearance of the hoary Patriarch. And 

doubt the evidence of all their senseS) it is a question which I now earnestly b^ 

that they are in England f'^The in- seech every individual of this audience 

-creased expence to Individuals and Par- to put to himself." / 

ties by whom Certificates may he wanted, ^hc duties of Rulers^ of the Slate, 

wiU b^enormous : very probably nearly ^nd of the Civil Magistrate, are neatly 

twentyfold. Supposiag, and this is a pointed out 5 and from the polUical^ 

^^^''^^'^'''''a^ Tl^Vl'^^i Mr. Lucas thusdescends to the doma^ 

for all purposes, and of all kinds, 20 «• .^1 »• 

Certificates are wanted annually in each ,"<^ relation : 

parish ; and supposing that in Postage, ** There is a father, in moderate cir- 
Agencies, and Stamp, each, Certificate cumstanees, surrounded by a numerous 
ahould, .instead of one shilling, its pre- family, totally dependent upon his in« 
sent usual price, cost lU. this wo)uld be dustrious e\ertions. He feels his sttua- 
an annual increase of expenditure tion in all its force:, idleness is. not hit- 
amounting to 120,000/. The Tpart of characteristic : reflectins; that the , Al* 
this sum which termmated in the clear mighty hath constituted him the natural 
profits of additional Stamps wovld in- supplier of their wanu, he is cautious 
deed tend to reimburse the funds of the not to acquire habits of indolence : and» 
. treasury, hut it would not hence cease to sensible that God inspects his conduct* 
he a burden on this class of Individuals, he' labours to procure the temporal esta^ 
The probability, however, is, that the blishment of every child, , which the 
magnitude of their expence would very Universal Parent has given hinu 
considerably lessen the demand for Cer- Prompted by an honest and justifiable 
tificates, and, at once, prove an insur* spirit, he shrinks from the idea, that 
mountable inconvenience to many poor these objects of his warmest affection 
Individuals, and disappoint the hopes of should be the mean and abject depends 
Che calculator." ants upon the bounty of strangers ; and 

when his laudable efforts are blessed with 

14. if Sermon preached in the Parish success, he considers his wise employ- 

Churchi^ St, Lawrence Jewry, btfore ment of time as richly rewarded by the. 

the Right HoHourahU the Lord MayoTy prosperity and happiness of his family. 

the ffTfrshin^ul the Aldermen, the Re- But change the scene — imagine hiia 

eorder, the Siteriffs, the Common Qmn- slothful in his secular employments 1 

eilf^the Oiy 0/* London, and the CQy postponing till to-morrow the business 

Officers^ *<w Sunday, the 6th of Janu- of to-day 1 and negligent in securing 

ary 1811, being the Day appointed/or those advantages which a bountiful Pro- 

•dnMtistering the Ho'y Otrnmunion to vidence presents ; and which, without 

the Members 0/ the Qnrporation, By any impeachment of his integrity, he 

the Rev. William Lucas, M.A. Chap- might have embraced $ want, like an 

lain to the Right Honourable the Lord armed man, assails him ; he loses the 

Mayor* confidence of his employers ; for who 

THIS is the first of a Sett of Civic ^trpK^J^^aTttiV.*""^!!^^ ^""t ^" 

Senooos ^J a resectable Veteran, f^sT^ roorte^gle'cLd^"^^^^^^ 

whom we haTe before had the plea- burden on the community." ^ ^ * 
tare both of oearmg and noticmg m 

a similar situation, (see vol. LXII. 15. A Sermon preached in the Cathedral 

pp. -aST, 929 I vol. LXIII. p. 68.) Church qf St. Paul, before the Right 

From Gen. xWii. 8. Mr. Lucas de- Honourable the Lord Mayor, Sfc, on 

duces tome admirable lessons for the ^fdnesday the iOth of March 181 1, 

proper employment of time, ^^ *^ ^^ appointed by his Majes- 

M 'Tu 1 u>. *u ^1. c 1.. '^ <^ ** observed as a General Fast 

'«The labours, the cares, the follies, T„^„„ .„ 

Uie disappointments, the miseries, of AFTER illustratmg an important 

«oe year are past; some of their conse- Prophecy relative to the Coming of 

Soences arc still feh, while others exist Christ, and the dispersion of the 

but in remembrance; and though, like Jews; the Preacher thus (^applies his 

the fig-tree mentioned in the parable, observations to the solemnity of the 
nany of us, I fear, have but ciii;nbered - day : 

theground— the Lord of the vineyard, axt r^A u— ^^a « i. ^ -t.. 

iastLl of exterminating, has let nl Jlll^^'^i^Zt^^^^ ^ ^'"".! 

• alone thU year also.' The appUcation !?,!S?>'!Lr/ ?^^ ^ refractory people, it 

k easily mac^ " ^ tfi^ ^ ^ mu^ surely b^ concluded, that we of 

' ^ * this nation, who seem to have hardened 

**How old art thoa? said Pharoah. ourselves in our transgressions,, may 

The questi9n.1iAt11ral.ly sprang from the reasoaahly expect some such severe 

'. • chastise- 



^132 Seviem ^ Tfew PyJUieatifni. {fth. 

•biuUseaiefttt u were inflicted upvn It. j# Sermm f rmtdlmi (* iSr ^sywlir 

4befD, and which, for our admonition as Ckurtk of Si^ Lawrenct Jewty, htfom^ 

won as ^eirt, arc still npoH record. Few the Right Hemmrmble the Lord A%mv 

people, says an excellent writer, have ife. on the 9^h ff September^ I8ilyi#» 

their fata particulariy foretold by Pro- Jorethe Eleetimi rf m Lmrd Majfor. 

pbets ^ike the Jewsi nor.indeed, at to the Tmc •- *u ^-ku /^u » t^ 

^ the manner, and aH the drcum- , ^P^^"? ^^ worthy ChaplaifTs eoo^ 

■tances precedinjr and saccceding, can ««MlinyDiscottrwJ ? and, m conformity^ 

Mch predictiori^ be made, nnkss di- w Mticnt caslom, consisUprinapally 

Tinely revealed. Bot, in general, uith- <» advice to the Livery OB the 

^Qt the spirit of prophecy, it is Ho d»ffi> choice of their Chief Msj^iitrate, witk 

ctiH matter to perceWt when eities and a ^nce at the character of tiie Lim# 

kingdoms are tending^ towards their Mayor who it retiring Irom tbsl m^ 

Unad period and dissolution. There are portaot office. 

as ocrtaln tokens and symptoms of a arL--^ ^«^ •»• rm-n^ - •« 

consnmptioit in the bodrpStic, as in ./^'f'^ expositioii of I Pet. ii. «# 

the body naUiraL I woirfd^mt presage "• Mr.Lucas proceeds, 

fil of my eountry-^bot when we consiikr *' The punishment of eWI-dbefS, mi4 

the many heinous and presumptuous sins the praise of them that do weU, is tbw 

of this nations the licentiousness and end of government — the olfice of att ms- 

violation of all oider and discipline ; the gistrafes, * whether oi the King as svu 

daring insolence of robbers infecting our preme. Or of gwvemdrs, as chMo tiiait 

streets, and, in desperate gangs, setting are sent by failn.' ^ This is an e xpwssi— 

at defiance eiren the ciril power; the psirticttlarlv arcoiaw>odated to the Ro ma m 

avarice md prolwsion of all ranks and Empire, which was divided into masgr 

degrees nmong ns ; the Imaiy, gaming, provinces, each having a governor saat 

and disstfateness rtk Mgli lifc; the it by the Etperor at ftame ? the i mi riie 

lasinesB,' drunkenness, and debauebery, magistrate, or sovereign, being not eFverjf 

IB low ; and, above sAI, that bare-faced where present, and less capalde, indeed^ 

ridiCfAe of all virtne and decoicy, mid of being so, as the ^ovemnSent is lavgav 

that scandalous neglect^ and, I wish I is obliged to delegate hts authority to iiv- 

eoiild not ai^, eontempt^ of all pvblie farior officers, and magistrates, who, ha 

wonhip and reHgion ; when we consider their aevend places, axe to supply tbe 

these things, these signs of the times, absence of their sovereign, and to ^o- 

the most saqgoine €X us all must trem- within the limits of their respective 

hie at the natmral and probable conse* commissions, Mbatever he himself would 

qnences. God give ns grace, that we do, cohld he be personally present. And 

^may know, at least in this our day, the here too we see a rescmblanee betw e e n 

things which belong unto onr peace, be* the political and natural body, in which 

fore they are hid from our eyes. Never latter, the heart spreads itself, by its • 

may such blindness happen to us as be(el arteries, throogh aU the parts of it, and 

the Jews, hut may we seek the Lord thus supplies its remotest regions witn 

while he may be found, and call u)ion the requisite tjnantities of blood and 

him while be is near; and return unto Juices. And, in 'like manner, the brainy 

the Lord, and he will have mercy tq)on perpetuating itself in its nerves, diCKises 

ns, and to our God, and tie %ill ^ sensibility through the whole fabrick. 

abundantly pardon !^ It is by means of these subordinate ma- 

gistrateff, that creiy part of the nsCtioA 

IC. A Sermon preached m the (Mthedrai has a jiear recourse to jostlee and pro- 

C^urch of 5#. Paul, b^ore the Right tection ; and, particularly,,in Urge cities. 

Honourable the Lord Mayor, bfc. on like this, where there is a great con* 

Sundi^ theUkiif May \S\\, bemgr the fluence of people, the wisdom of obk 

jfirst Sunday m Master Term. (Hob. consUtution has pro\ided, that each .of 

Iv.. 13.) them should be a little community in it- 

I'UA Sermen preached in the CiUhedrml »«'^» within the great one of the wlnrfe 

lOturch of Si, ftiul, before the Right kingdom, supplied with a magistracy of* 

ffonmrabie the Lord Mayor^ i^c, on '^^ ««''»> ^^^p without loss of time, are 

Sunday, the l6th of June, 1811, be^ empowered to redress such things as re-, 

ing the firet Sunday in Trimty Term. V^^ immediate remedy, to correct and 

(Job. xxvii. 5, 6.) punish the smaller sort of offenders, and, 

The- Bre two o..^o... Discourse. ^ H!^ tK^^m^^^;^^ 
from the good old School of sound criminals. They a^ intmsteCin a 
leamiog and senoui reflection, well ^^at measure, with the moraU of a 
applied to the respectable Aiidkace to district, that b, the .note .and fimoda« 
vhich Ibey were delivered. tioM «f ttt .pio^aiitr. llebanchaiy, 

UaspbeflBy» 



L 



iit2.] 



Review of Ifew PuhticaHmi. 



t5t 



blasphemy, and idleness, which is the,, will at least Aleld my Kttle Tolntne 
in»ther of all vices, ar« Wholly within' from ridicule, and protect it from the 

severity of criticism. Should it, how*' 
ever, prove unsuccessful, and find littlcf 
acceptance beyond the circle of a few 
partial friends, it Is perhaps an event 
which ouijht not to have been wholly 



tbfeip jurisdiction. And that these good 
ends of government may be more 
eflfectually jrttained, our arovernors are 
not such a<? the text mentions, ' sent us by 
the King.* They, indeed, act by his 
commif^sion and authority ; for there, by 
our law?, the whole majesty and authority 
of the kingdom is lodged ; but we have 
the privilegfe (and a proud one it is) of 
choosing^ our own magistrates from 
cmon^ ourselves ; consequently, persons, 
\rbo are 
own respetftiv 

fore must be supposed well aifectetl td 
thefr prosperity j persoiis, who are well 
known to thejr electors, and who, there«, 
fdre, by their private characters, arc able 
to ^iv€ some security for their pubhc 
conduct — men heartily attached to our 
bappy establishment in church and state 
— men of honesty and Integrity — men 
of coura|^ and firn^ness, who dai^ to do 
What is right, and have no private 
interests to draw them from it. Such 



unexpected; and, v;hen every circum-* 
stance is considered, 1 shall probably 
have no right to complain.** 

A young Writer, thus diffldentlj 
introducing a first production, 19 

r«en;es; coHsequeux.y, perBo,.., ^^^^^^^ entitled lo iedulgencei but 
particularly interested m their ^ J .^ ^ ^^^ ^^^^ ^ 

;<*tive governments, and tbere- \ , ■ . mu v ^ 

^ * Stronger daMB. They are bey«D(f 

mediocrity ; and they are eyideutly 

tilt production of a strooc^ and m^ 

genuons 'mind^ without the leftst 

tincture either of enthushum or inio 

moraKty. [See p. 15^.] 

The ^« Cottage Picture,** and ** Thd 

Influence of early Affection,*', ar^ 

the largest of the poems, and posses! 

considerable merit. The ** Village 

Schoplmi^ress'* aiso is creditable to 



men^for instance, as your present Ckief the Author's ladings. Put we shall 



Mn^trate, who, by discharging, with 
Uawearied assiduity, and acknowledged 
mhiHty, the judicial paft of his high 
ttfiSoe, bts acted agreeably to the insti-^ 
tution of loa^tracy, fbrthe ponisbmeBt 
of- evil-doer», and for the security or 
jprot«etio}i of Ihtai that do wall. Nor 
i» this aU the praise that he desarves. 
His puqetuality and eondescension^— 
his strkt ioapartiali^ and prineely mag- 
Dificence — bqt I need not expatiate; 
the acclamations of his fellow-citizens. 
haviti^ repeatedly placed him far abdvt ' 
tbe Uant of my encomiums.** 

19. PosTM'f IHirai &nd Domestic, J5y^ 
William Hersee. Small' bve,pf, 176; 
laungman «^ C«u 

Iff expressMi^^ his gratitude to ** the 
beneilcent friends whose naiiie^ reflect 



take a •peoiinen or two that are iltort/ 

"ODE 

fP^ritttn h/ JlfowtUffhtj 
• In the< Citif tf Cbichestel'. 

*' Hail, thou fair orbV bright lanfp of 
silent night ! 
Cmprest suprer.e of midnight's shlf^ 
ing train ! 
In silver rays of mildly-beaming light 
How weleome thoa upon the tracklcsa 
plain I 
But not less welcome to my pensive mind 
While on this City's walls \ sit reclin'd. 

Yon antient dome and high cathedral 
tow'r 
Look solemn rishtg to my lonely viewi 
The heavy bell tolls out night's latest 
hour, [dew t 

And slowfy en the tombs descends the 
knofKir 00 the Litt of Subscribers," Here let nie pause, and gaze upon the 
Mr. Hersee wys, scene? • 

,, , ^ . - , , , ., 1 '• A moral leison awfully seretie ! 

<' I cannot but ieel deeply sensible of 



the inferiority of those trifles whioh I 
now presume to off^r t# the world, and 
be fully aware hoW slender a claim^ I 
have to the name of a poet ; but if the 
eff us lX b of a youth born in an humble 
eottage, wdA bred at the ploagh, un- 
blesC by the smiles of fdrtnne^ debarred 
from every a^antage of edncation, and 



Upon this very spot, where I now standf 

With eyes uplil'ted to yon spangled arch^ 

llow oft, perhaps, has pensit'e Collvii 

plann'd [tur*d hiarch ! 

$ome ode sublimed or pac*d in rap^ 

And often too upon this sacred ground * 

The poet musM, while wrapt in thought 

profound 1 



instmeted only by the village matron ; if " WltmR the cloister'd walls, or lofty 



these are entitled to the notice, and 
may claim the patfonftge of an in« 
dttlgeat publiok $ I bate every reason to 
hope tlMil the mif»(rouri^le circwp^ 
under which they are produced 
€i£i4T. Ma«. Ftbruary, U19, 



aiW,'» [fire. 

With f renei^ look, ttn^ bosom xH on 
Perohanoe he walkM ; or round the soar* 
ing pile . . - ' . 

.yAlottd ra-eeho'd his t nehanting lyre ! 



8 



154 Reoieao of New Publications. [Feb, 

That heav'nly lyre which now no mort " The interest it excited was so un- 

will breathe, nsaally great, that the large number 

Foroh! its master lies yon turf beneath! printed of that paper, appearing in. 

"In worldly life the hapless days he p^wi'T&iSr^f fe^ Wn^ent^r! 

knew > , V , ySa^' tained that the disappointment therebr 

o^^t!^!'^/'''^"^^*^'^- ]! created might injur^ the Charity, aii 

Her bright and sunny days to him were ^^^^ ^f .„^^^ ^.^ Stockdale to re- 

* J \u 1- V "^ * l' publish it in the present form.— In con« 

And ere they shone he saw her tern- g*' „^ „f numberless inquiries, she wUl 

But now he rests : and nonounng hn ^^^ ^^^^ ^^^ ^^^ ^^^^^^ ^^^ ^^^^^ 

- J "*?*♦ ., ^i_*^5"!*» character, JomifAfla Dia/wr, whose death 

Vut^ sculpture witnesses the Poets ^^ ^^^ ;^^^ ^^ ^^.^ Joetical eflfution, 

^ On hearing the Organ and Choir in ^ras a Mill-maker and Smith." 

Chichester Cathedral. « A most melancholy scene, of which 

« Hark ! how the orgapi grand and I was an ^witnew, was the origin of 

solemn peals I ^"'^ ^'^^'^ affecting Narrative : the Truth 

Join'dbythevocalmasick's8acrednot«» of which the Benevolent may readUy a». 

The sound ak>ng each aUe melodious certain, by apphcaUon to tl^ respectahie 

gon^g [steals ! '^^ afflicted Widow herself — ^Mrs. Dia> 

And thro' Uie melting s«il sublimely per, No. 4, Feathers-court, nearly op* 

In human words, oh ! how can be ex- PO«>te I>ean-5treet, High-Holbom." 

pf^g^ [breast ! *^ '^ ™^y ^^^ '^ amiss to inform the 

The thrUlin^ raptures that pervade my PuWidc, that their Charity will be en- 

And, as the listening ear each note ^^^ W^j^^ted, by Mm Stockdale, 

attends, [combine *® ^"i* benefit of the Widow and Or- 

The lofty walls and figured dome P^*n« J without the tmoHest dimtnutiim^ 

To fill the mind with energy divhie^ «?^ t^ eiqpenoes of printing, advertising, 

While now ! in whispers soft the music ^'" 

ends ! We wiN not anticipate the Readei^i 

Oh I how enchanting is the solemn scene curiositr by any extract, from a 

To guUtless minds, pure, happy, and pgem so dtsUerestedly poblished. 



serene 



« EPITAPH 91. Poems, in the En^ish anil Scottish 

On yiTLUAM Baiiks } who WOM hilled^jby JXaledts. By WilKam Ingram. Abei»- 

mfaiij'roma ehaiee, the lUh May, deen; printed for the Juther, ly D. 

1809, aged SI yeare, Chalmers and Co. } 12jim. pp, 126* 

•* O ye on pleasure bent, in spirits gay, THIS vdame contains Iweotr-- 
Here learn how short may be the happiest eight Poems on a variety of sub- 
day ! pill heart jects, the producUon of a writer wbo^ 
Beneath this tomb lies one, whose youth- possesses a considerable degree of 
Bore in attractive joy, a feeling part; poetical merit, sound morals, and s 
A gen'rous open mind, untned by care, feelinr heart. 
And candour, spoke lus ev'ry action , „ ^ . . .^ . 

fair: ^^ [rise^ "He flatters himself that critieism 

Yet these avail'd not —morning saw him ^j" spare its severity, when it Is kno#a. 

With health and pleasure sparkling in ^^> secluded as he Is from the world, 

bis eyesj [his breath; "c could have but little opportunity <)f 

The ev'ning came-jey daim'd no more' «t«dying the manners of potished life j 

Alas! one moment clos*d his eyes In *"«* ^"'y »"<* »9«n«» *» bave presented 

.death. [tear, themselves in a rural retreat were withia 

Reflect, yj8 youths ! as starU the pensive ^ *V^^^ o( his observatkm." 

That you, Uke Banks, nuqr fiU an eariy Let the Reader judge. 

^^^'^ «< TO A REDBREAST* 

fo^RfJ^dJf"^^ Fear not in me to find aloe, 

tp»l9* otocKoaie. For I respect the pang of woe. 

THIS little Poem, writt«« with tbo « xte cheeHul strains that warm'd tlf 

landabie motiTe of aflaistii||^ a di»- breast 

tfCiMd and meritorious Family was By chilling want are now suppress-d : - 

of^oally printacl, we are informtd. Then wekiome to my peaceful shed, 

i^^TiwMoniiii(FofU'» fiwtet Uttia b«d, widi betem md. 



1SI2.] 



Review of New ^ubticaiwns. 



US 



• 

•* The God of nature who protects 
AH things that live, perhaps directs 
Thee t« approach my humble door. 
The boon of pity to implore. 

"While snows descend on ereiy tree, 
The ^fove affords no joy to thee. 
Comcy daily come ; nor be afraid. 
Sweet suitor, to accept my aid. 

•■ Nous^ht but the urgent call of want 
Could make thee seek the cheer I grant : 
A shelter from the bitter blast. 
And one poor crumb to break thy fast. 

" While thus I view thy bosom panting. 
Ne'er in my breast be pity wanting. 
Beneath my roof thy refuge take, 
And freely share my oaten cake. 

•* Though I have little here to give, 
That little more than bids thee live; j 
It makes thee happy, and I spy 
A grateful gbw adorn thine eye, 

" Fear net, poor stranger, w^Il | know 
*Tis hard to face, the drifting snow ; 
And how my heart with rap^xire glows, 
To diank the fMend who kindoess shows* 

*^ For oft have I been called to mourn 
Hard trials in this dark sq|oum : 
Yet in the day of deepest sorrow 
Hope gilds iiik prospect of to>morrow« 

*• Spring will return in yonder grove j 
lttstor*d to liberty and love, 
Jtfetbinks I hear thee, from the thorn. 
Sing matins to the rising mom. 

** O had I thus the power to grant 
Assistance to the child of want; 
To reecqe those mischenoe has cast 
Hnngiy to ^bide the biting Uast ! 

** But God, who marks each worthy aim. 
Knows that the feelings are the same. 
Which prompt me now to interpdse, 
Sweet suppliant, to relieve thy woes. 

**Nbr spurn, ye great, this humble deed s 
Ttt yen a nobler task 's decreed ; / 
Th^ boon of charity extend. 
And pce^e yourself the poor man's friend. 

** Prove your noHlHy of hirth ; 
•Make him your debtor while on earth ; 
Give him protection, food, and love | 
Make him your advocate iibove." 

" TO MY AULD CdAT. * 
'* Farewell! Farewell! long hast thou 
, worn, [torn. 

Though thread-bare, clouted now, and 
A trusty servant, e'en and mom. 

To me thou 'st been i 
And ipratefu' still I winna scorn 
My guid auld frien% 

*\ A hield thou wast in atormy weather ( 
And Qumy a blast we've brav'd together i 
And mony a time didi consider, 

With dowie mane, 
What way I wad procure apithjer, 

Whao thott igrast gape. 



€€ 



I ne'er was fond of being hraw^ 
And poets maun na oftei. fa' 
To cast their dttddy cla<^.e awa^, 

MThen they turn bare ; 
Their thraldom aften is na sma'. 

Ere they get malr. 

*' Ance on a day I was right vidA 
To countenance thee as my ain. 
And to protect thee frae the rain, 

Wi' jerkin blue, 
That atorray weather might na stalU 

Thy glossy hue. 

^* Corroding tiine ! thy tooth devotaf 
The brazen walls of massy towers^ 
And levels potentates and powers 

To low estate ; 
Ner strength, nor beauty here insuiet 

A better &te. 

*' l^ince the best things decay and rot. 
Need I repine that my auld coat, 
\i doom'd to share the common lot^ 

And yield to time : 
Like It 1 sooi/shall be forgot*^ 

Far a' my rhyme." 

33. TTie History ^Aberdeen ; cmtaimng 
<m Account of the Rise, Progress, ami 
Extension of the City, from a remoti' 
feriod to the present Day: including 
its AntiqtiitieSi Civil and Eccles%astica{ 
State f ManufactureSy 'Prade, and Com" 
pierce; an Accoiwnt if the See o^ Aber- 
deen, €md the two Universities; with 
Biographical Sketches of Eminent Men 
connected with the Bishoprick and Col' 
leges. By Walter Thom, Author of 
Sketches on Political Economy, Sfc, Sec,. 
In Two Volumes ISmo. Printed by D. 
Chalttiers and Co. for A. Stevenson. 

THOUGH Mr. Thom modestly ob- 
serves, that ^ the authors of such 
w#rks can lay little claim to that' 
inerit which is the basis of literary 
repnlation, as their labours are of an 
humble cast, and require only the 
exertion of industry ;" we take the 
liberty to add,j that such puhlica^ioiW' 
are in general acceptable. 

Th£ *' Defcription of the Chanonrj 
in Old Aherdeen, in the years 17S4 
and 1725, by William Orem, Town 
Clerk of Aberdeen," published in 1 782, 
as the Third Number of the '< Biblio- 
tbeca Toporraphtca £f rilannica,*' it 
unfortunately no longer to b^e otitain* 
ed I and is 1| v no means so compre- 
hensiTO at the preaent volumes ; in 
the firstof which, the General History 
of the Country is agreeably inter- 
woven with that of Aberdeen ; and 
in the second, the Local Historr 
brought down to the present perioo, 
if judiciouflj and fUtii|ic»|Jj UIiuh 



ms 



R^rtfi'^Um MUication 



"The most proniisent events in tbe 
history of Scotland, since the spr^ of the 
Revolntiqn^ are, the union of tbe two 
kin^domk, and tbe rebellions in 1715 
and 1745. The fii*st event, so beneficial 
to both Oo^tries, cousolidated* tbe 
British empiVe, by identifying tbe inte- 
rests of tf/o naliotit fomnetly h<Ott(Ie ; 
and the two iast^ pre^vinl tbe liberties 
of the* ptopki as they destroyed the 
hopes of an arbitrary race of kin^, 
iib<Ae l&aicims were despotic} and 8e> 
eured the house of Brunswick in the 
postetsim) of tb« throjte, on tbe princi-^ 
pies oS a free fjovenuwwit— The British 
constitution ha« jueti|r ittented aad ob- 
tained the unquaiift«d approbation of 
bot^ natives ^nid fvreigrners} and has 
frequently been .tVie theme of their 
praise, or tbe 6alyt;et.of their admira^ 
ticfti. The security of* property, a|id tne 
protection .«f individaal ri^bt^ are the 
basis* on which tbp prosperity of this 
country h»\5ibetJii veared-.'tiud Nyhile w^ 
preserve entire the. cun-titution, as esta- 

* hlished in 168?, the wealth and happi- 
ness of t{i§ U4tiou myst progressively 
^nc'rease^ Th^ blessings of freedom beifig 
equally diffus^jd ajuoni^ a\\ classes of so- 

* f iety, tte exertions of industry are pVo- 
inoted by the certainty of enjoyment ; 
and accordingly, a^dculture^ manufac- 
tures, and commefce^ have rapidly ad- 
Yanced." 

" Tbe harbour of Aberdeen, from 
bejijg much ex-Jwsed ^o the Nor^b-east 
wind, and terminating a Ions extent of 
sandy coast, is liable to be blocked up 
to a certain extent, or, in other wofds, 
a bar is formed, that prevents the en- 
trance of ships of \a^rge dimeji^^ions. To 
preserve the commerce of the town, the 
citicens have been ever a'rtxious to dimi- 
nisb the bar by every expedient in their 
power, and alto to render the faariKmr 
more cooamodious, by daeppaiag and- 
cleai^ing it." 

An A el for thU piirpoM wki t>b- 
tRi»ed in UTS; in coniequenee of 
which " the. new pier wai 6re<Aed ; 
aDoble monoment #f the npirif, enter- 
prise, and 0puleiice of the tofwn." 

Oescribiug the Marischal College, 
afad the School, Mr. Thorn observes, 

** Tbe advaatafe of education to every 
member ff the society requires no il- 
lustration ; but it is of niore iquportance 
to tbe poor man thao to the rich, a$ in 

* tbe career of life, it is necessarry for him 
to counterbalance the influenee of the 
opulent by knowledge, which conveys 
|»ower. In a tiational point of view, it 
is also of tbe utmost cdnseqaence to 
cdueate the lower classes of the commu- 
iiity^ m Hkcy ifB then Inr qualified for 9 



ppreater. nutnber of employmentS'^ta th« 
increase of the comforts a^ifl convenvr 
encies of the whole society; and frer 
quently, extraordinary talents have bec« 
rescued from oblivion by itieans of edui^ 
cation^ which certainly ftxes In th« 
mind many valuable principles of reli- 
gion, nsorals, and politicks." 

** In Aberdeen there are about 26 
places for public worship. Tbe most 
consptcHOUs are the presbyterian Or es- 
tablished • churches ; the episc«)pallart, 
Scotch and English ; and the Rom.ia 
Catholic. As to the others, tbfty are all' 
(distinguished by appropriate names, 
which ,are known to those who preach 
in them,, and, perhaps, to tlie more in- 
telligent of their hearers. They are all 
of the church of Christ, but dim^r about 
som^ points of doctrine, or ceremonies^ 
which it would be difficult to explain. 

" JEast andfVest Churches, — These are 
csllad the jy^Mm's, and arc 'fine Gothic 
buildings, St. Nicholas Church was built 
in- the year 148?, and is said to have 
possessed an air of grandeur and simpU-< 
city^ which both charmed aud awed the 
spectator. The middle aile was widfi 
and lofty ; the - arches very high ;. a»d 
the4>iers U^ht and well turned. It was 
in danger of falling, and was pulled 
down in the year I74S, that the present 
West Church might be built on its site. 

^«The East Church is a fine Gotbie 
building, 86 feet in length, to the 
breast. ef the altar. 

"St. Paul's Chapel stands on the 
West side of the GaUowgate, where dir 
vine service is performed acct^dinf to 
the rites of tbe church of Elngland. It 
^as built in the year 17S1, and is 80 
feet long, and 30 feet broad, and has aa 
aile on tbe North side, 36 feet in front, 
and'^I feet backward.' The galleries 
are eleven feet eight inches above the 
floor of the ehapel. In the centre of tbe 
roof is a band^me' cupola, about nine 
feet in diaypeter, and covered with glass. 
There are two clergymen appointed to 
thfs eksqpel, who are supported by- thd 
seat-rents, collections at the doors, and 
some funds arising fhmi donations.*^ 
St. Andrew's Chapel, which belongs to 
Bishop Skinper, is situated in Longacre. 
It is a large house, and well filled by a 
numerous body uf Scotch episcopalians. 
This sect has also another chapel in 
Golden-square, a little to the West of 
Union-stre^ty which is a neat bouse, with 
a small but elegant steeple on the North- 
west end. Each of these three chapels 
has aii organ, which is a great improve* 
ment to their psalmody. In the prvsbj* 
terian churches, organs have not heen 
admitted: the attefnpt to introduce 
them wa*' made at Glasgow, hut the <^ 

liatiq 



IS 1 2.] Review of New PuHiMums.'^Iniex Indicatorius. 157 

natics opposed it, and the General As- lished, the talents they possessed, and 

sembly sanctioned their foUy. The ttiore those etlerfies of character by which 

rational part of the presbyterians would each was peculiarly distin^ished. About 

^v« i\i> o^eetioBS to see ocgaas ia theb 50 years sinoK, most of thele gentlemen 

^hur^ies ) but the ignorant, who are were members of a literary and philoso» 

nameroQs and bigoted, wovkl think the * phical society, wbe held regular meet- 

iBtroduclioe of •rgaas, an approach to mgs, in which subjects in the various 

fiopery* which tbey are taught to cousin departments of science were critically 

der as the worst of all religiqus establish- discussed. — Of the gentlemen who at 

Xneots. — ^Th^ Roman Catholic Chapel is present so worthily fill tb<» diffsreht o^ 

situated at the North' extremity of Cas^ Aces, as professors in either eoU&g^ it is 

tie-street, and is attended by a very gen- more the province of the historian of an 

(«ei congregation." after^pftriod to record that merit which. 

The Chapter on » Intorporated in theni,is80jusUyackno*tedg«d. We 

Trade." i.i„''.ere,ti«s and aJsing. . n^^byl^^^'.^'b^nno^ 

♦* The trades of Aberdeen are incorpo- some particulars of that family, to whom 

rated into one body, which consists of . was allotted no slender portion of that 

tJie foUowinr seven branches, viz.' Ham* ^nius and ardour for the improvement 

pferme/t, Bakers, fFrighti mnd Coapers, of scknee, whtrfa distinguish the name of 

TetUorSf ShM mah er t, ffeavtrsy and FleMh- Gregory. With them gwiius, and- a 

ers. One conve^r presides tA'er ik^ - love of science, appears to have been a 

whole ; but each has a deacon, and other species of entailed inheritance."' 

officen, wspeHively, for to governmeBt. ^^ ^ j ^j,, ^ ^ ^ • • 

and the management of the affairs of . iti mu • 'u- 

the trade. Onl of the established mi- P?"y»'»S ,^}'' J*>«™ »? ^*» ^**"?»« 

nisters of the town is elected patron, and il'^^l!;?, ^'^ ^\^ Gregory family, and of 

invested with certain powers of superin- *''• ^>»^» thcfaraoui AfchUect. 

tendance, in compliance with the mini.i' ** Aberdeen has a title to be eminently 

^ficatioH of Dr. Guild, who was a liberal pfoud of her t/amfraa,apprDpriatel5r called 

benefactor to the corporations *."*• the j^Uss of Seoikmd, the pupil of Ru* 

^' Literature and the Arts" furnish, \^^> and&Uowstodeot with Vaiid5nck,at 

as mi^ht be eJipecled, an ample per- Antwerp, under that great master. 

iioa of natives of Aberdeen, who This int^r^itiiiff Paiflter «1m1I b% 

ha? e done honour to their birth-place, duly noticed in a future Number. 

WnVs Ir Ma^h^ Co'le^ we^ we ^''^-^^ ^ ^-'^ AngUcis. Stn^ 

Rmg-s or wariscnal ^o"effe, were we ^^ ^ Bradley, yi. M. Londini : In 

to give but even abbreviated notices, it . >e.-.. v i • • _ , .r 

would oecunv a snace far bevond the K- ^^'^^ Valpiaais ; veneunt apud Long- 

wouw 2J5"I^f ^P^T ^ ui • " man. Hurst, Roes, Orme, ei Brown ; 

mi ts, whf eh must be unaToidably assign- »« 03 

ed to such a department in a work of this •'^* 

d^cription. In times comparatively THIS volume, illustrated by short 

modern^ many have been sent from these English aotes, is creditable both to 

seminaries, in various capacities, to dif- the Editor and the Printer, 

ferent quafters of the globe, whose genius ~ t ,, 

and intelligence, in every brancb of INDEX INWCATORIUJk , 

seieuce, would do honour to any age or We are obliged to T. C. of Canteiimry^ , 

country. Merely to name a Blackwell for bis hints ; but cannot adopt them, 

and a Campbell, who occupied, in sue- In answer to T. B. we have never seen 

cession, the Principal's chair in Maris- (and we cannot answer for othert) tho 

chal CoUegej the late Principal John « Sermons on Church Union, by Rav. E, 

Chalmers, Dr. Rcid, the venerable and Davies, Author of Celtic Researches." 

learned Professor Ihomas Gordon, his £. (of Guernsey) .requests to be in- 

gfandson, Professor Scott, Dr. Dunbar, formed whether the family named Hcp- 

and Mr John Leslie, Greek professor, pell, atias He-ph,iH, or Hephale, was 

all of King's College, and to add to these seated in England before the coming of 

that of Duncan, Fordyoe, and Gerard, the Normans, or whether it came in with 
with those of 9ketie, senior and junior,' the Conqueror; also what is the Coat •f 

as well as the elder and youngerBeatties, Arms of that family, and at what period 

— were only to call to the recollection of the original branch of it became extinct, 

those who knew the men, aiid have read Remarks on the Phcenissse of Euri- 

§uch of their works as hava been pub- pides, as edited by Mr. Burge«, in bur 

next $ with R.Jones ; Scrutator OxoNi- 

* <* Dr. Shirrefs: Life uf J>r.G«ild^p.a9*" £X9i»| R. S. ; Cantabrwiknsis ; B. D. &'c. 

SELECT 



[ 15« I 



SELECT POETRY. 



blALOGUS 

Inter Ci.aiieii]k>mianum et Musam cujus 
Statua e Culmine Mdium Clarevdomia* 
jUftUM vtnto vehementedudum dejectafuiU 

Ml»A. 

Vfjiili^u i\ yav Ko&fxof t^uncx (^iXoy. 

wn ^i |Lc* ovXo^f yi) Xa/XaTO( iTXe /9»», 
tuTfjuu S* wyfoiKov vtfAifOt Bopietor^ovetuov, 
Is X M TAIE MOriAIS x«*P» 

Clarendoniamus. 
|iov0t»$ }* o2;^/Aey«f /a«i^ tniiACtret ravd* 

^utova-diTtp^m l^fdf dfraa^aXiavi 
AHMOBOPOT xXJm crlvytfovi altvoiavec 

JtXJtt £i/p«T«i>— ^rifTcroi of uj 'APHZ 
TExyM$ 0^ amy dfCtvctXkw oclfjMToeo'aa.t* 
ewTtn fAif lAoKrif /biobpyat^wy ys fioct 

— dXKot, f tXoi, 

/5n«f [KXeo^. 

4>OIBO£^ «ai MOrZHN d^awrot to 

J. Weetman, 



THE VICARAGE SEQUESTERRD. 

r^UR Vicarage, tbougb small, U mog and 

warm ; [Church from barm ! 

Two huDdred daar — Heav*n keep the 

IVere mine the gift-r-from all the cassock^d 

tribe 
rdcbuse the humbleroan that Til describe. 
A plain geod Priest^ scarce for a Rector 
fit, [less wit; 

With common ttn^t, . small learning, and 
Who never studied heathen Greek at Col* 
lege, [knowledge ; 

Yet wise in that which passelh worldly 
Well skilPd a village flock in peace to keep. 
And better pleas'd to feed than shear his 

^ sheep; 
With simple cunning and persnasife art, 
Before he preach the woid, to win the 

heart; 
Witli decent mirth to temper pious la- 
bours, [neighbours ; 
And maQB^r»— not to fbame )m ooiM^try 



One who perhaps 4ong tost 00 life's roagk 
ocean, [promotion ; 

Has sometimes ask*d, but never reach'd 
And, wearied oat with tugging at the oar^ 
Would gladiy anchor on some fiiendly 

shore; 
Well pleasM with us to pass declining age, 
And end in peace bis earthly pilgrimage. 
And when he falls, maystill a Priest succeed 
To lead the flock as — — - 's * self would 

lead. 
So shall our humble Parish ne'er be curs'd 
To see the Portrait 1 have drawn revers'd. 

■ R. SUETKIS, 

SPRING. 
JJATL, genial Spring ! sweet season of 
delight ! 
At thy return all Nature smiles serene ; 
Fair blooms the landscape on the ravished 
sight, [scene. 

And new-bom glories heigbten ev'ry 

Thy gentle 2iepbyrs, breathing o'er tho 

floods, [chains. 

Dissolve the North-wind's adamautino 

And chase fell Winter firem our native 

woods, [plains ! 

To Alpine hills, or • Zembla's frozen 

From yonder grove, where late tempestuoot 

driven , [«pray ; 

Loud howl'd the blasto'ermany a leafless 

Soft on each whispering gale upborne tp 

heav'n [I^y* 

In strains melodious swells the grateful 

No ruthless gunner with uupitying eyes 
Now spreads widehavock thro' the echo- 
ing meadi ; [flies^ 
But, free as air, each featber'd songster 
Where pleasure beckoos, or whete fancy 
leads. 

Soon as, deep ting'd with orient streaks 

oJT red, [ing dawn. 

The blushing East proclaims approach* 

The Skylark warbling leaves his grassy 

bed, [morn. 

And springs exulting on the wiugs of 

Yes, halcyon spring 1 thy blesshigt uncon« 

fined 

Thro' all creation varied charms impart | 

Hush to sweet rest the passion*>mflaed 

mind, [heart. 

And whispef pleasure to the drooping 

Say who could 'view the glorious scenes 

around, [teous hand. 

Nor breathe warm praises to His boon- 

Wh# scatters plenty o'er the verdant 

ground, [land ! 

And pours such b lessin gs on a smiling 

'^* The reader may fill the blank with the 
name of his own Parish Priest, if he is am. 
good terms with him, or with that of any 
Other noiifeiiiiiieot Piviiie. 

Whether 



select Poeify, f(fr Fthmary, Ui2, 



Whether at eire my wandering fooUtepe 

tread [blows* 

Where forest* ware hi eycry gale tbat 

^ where, t4ow winding tbro' the flowery 

mead^ [flows : 

hi gentle marmurs soft the sreamlet 

Parent of good ! alike my soul adores 

The matchless bounty each fiitr scent 

displays; [soars 

And, flr'd with rapture, high exulting 

In joyful hymns of gratitude and praise ! 

liUngUm^ March 7. J. 



i<» 



An Imitation of tbb First Oos or 

HORACE, 

Addrstted to a Friend. 

^ TflK)U whose ancestry we trace 

Through many a once-distinguished 
race. 
And, better far than rank or birth, 
StiJl more conspicuous for thy worth. 
My honoured patron, finithfbl friend. 
Whom but to know is to commend ;; 
Awhile with me the follies scan 
Of that capricious creature Man : 
Aod m&sk how various are the ways 
Which lead to pleasure, power, and praise. 

To some *tis all their pride and care 
To sport a Curricle and Pair; 
And if they turn a corner neatly, 
Their reputation 's fixed completely, 
Th' experter Jehus of the land. 
Dash thro* the streets with Four-in-hand ! 
EnthronM on high in fhncied state. 
Surpassing all that 'a go6d and great. 
On glowing wheels with speed they go, 
And mock the gaping crowd below. 
To guide with skill each fuamtng steed. 
Is nohler than the victor's meed. 
Thus as in Fashioq^s train they move. 
And envy not the gods above, 
Ev'n f, to humble Gig caosign'd. 
Can raise the Dust, tbo' not the IVind. 

One in the Senate takes bis stand 
Amicbt the Ministerial band. 
Expecting that the force of wonls 
Win lift him to the House of Lords $ 
Or, if It better serve his end, 
Prckclfthiis himself the People's Friend, 
Who, llckle as the wind dnd weather, 
Alas! too raiiely hang together. 

But, lo ! there goes a Rogue in Grain, 
Whose Barns can scarce his hoards con- 

Dependmg on a prosperous sale> 
Should the next harvest chance to fail. 

Tne man whom nought on earth c^n 
charm 
Beyond hia snug Paternal Farm> 
l»piin you 'dtethpt to cross the main^ 
J|ilMU the wealth adventurers gain. 

^The Merchant tirM of stormy sees, 
EesoTved to end hirjfl^ m ease. 
To his spruce villa ^^^s down 
Within the smoke <^Hpise of town, 
And Rui mJJtb* '^Bhis ova. 



But times are bard, and taxes high. 
He dreads the thoughts of poverty. 
And, willing still L' increase bis store« 
Riggs his neglected bark oncetnore. 

Some to the Nightly Club resort. 
To drink their Punch/or choice old Port J 
Or half the day they 01 booze about. 
With bottled Ale» and Whitbread's Sto«t« 
Reclining in some poplar shade. 
For City contemplation made. 
Whether by Thames's verdant side, 
Where soft and slow the waters glide> 
Or by the muddy streams that foil 
Into the Paddington Canal. 

Many whom Martial Deeds inspire^ 
And noisy drum and trumpets fire. 
Eager to battle haste away 
In spite of all that mothers say. 

The Sportsman by the break of mora 
Leaves his complaining wife forlorn* 
And to the well-known cover hies. 
Regardless of the wintry skies : 
Whether to hunt the timid hare. 
Or the mor^ glorious fox-chaoe share. 

As for myself, I dearly love 
To steal into the shadv grove. 
Where blithsome Nymphs together meet| 
AndSatjrrs dance with nimble feet. 
There I revolve the classic page, 
.Till, kindliug with poetic rage, 
I feel my brows with Ivy crown'd, 
• Soar into air, and spurn the ground. 
Thus, if the Muses aid my song, 
I'll hide me from the vulgar throng, 
Whilst thou, the favourite of the Nine. 
Shalt kindly prompt th'enraptur'dliiiey 
And with a partial Friend's regard. 
Hail me thine own immortal Bard ! 

8.S.S. 

FRATERNAL AFFECTION. 
An Elbgy, 
WriUen tm vintin^ the Graved a Brother 
teho died in ChiWtood, By W. Herseb. 
Author qf "Poems, Rural, and Domestic,** 
■yyHEN sultry day retires, and evening 
' dews [flow'r. 

Refresh with oooling drops the summer 
O then I love to oourt the pensive Muse, 
To walk alone, and bless the silent hour ! - 

Fraternal Love ! dear inmate of the breast ! 

Inspire with pious warmth the duteous 
lay ,• 
Lead me to where a brother's ashes rest. 

And cha^fe the airs of vanity away. 

Tbe bumble sod where silver daiaies bIoom« 
Where bladed grass is waving o'er the 
dead, [tomb 

May hold more virtue than the gorgeous^ 
Where Grandeur, rears the monumental 
bed. 
This is the scene that teaches living man I* 
These lowly groves iospirrtbe heartfelt 
sigh; — 
The frail wild flow'rs, that Whisp'ring 
breezes fan, [die I 

Our. emblems here^ may tetch us how tfr. 

Like 



U6i 



SiBlect Peemh Jik' Fehifnitfy iSlf, 



Like them we bloom and wither in a day ; 

Like them we raise our beads in transient 
pride ; 
But,ah! how soon tbe^hadow glides aWay !— • 

lyian liTes a bubble on Time- s rapid tide J 

Thus droop'd my brother. — O thon sacred 
sbatde ! [thee 

How oft in childhood have I roam'd with 
O'er sunny hills, aod thro* my native glade, 

In artless innocence, and full of glee ! 

And yonder elm, whose antient limhs are 

spread [i^reen. 

Wide o'er the mossy fence that skirts the 

Was oft bur shelt'ring tree, when fancy led 

Our wandVing footsteps to this fav'rite' 

scene. 

Then round these mouldering stones we 
sportive trod, [f'.'et; . 

Nor §ave one sigh for those beneath our 
We little thought the same green rural sod 

Might form our cradle iq our last re|treat ! 

But soon pale Sickness came, fitld stole thy 
bloom ;— 
Thy dust lies here, thy soul is gone above. 
P^^pS thou smil'st dn him who seeks thy 
tomb 
To pay the tribute of fraternal love ! 

O happy shade ! the days of trial o'er, 
The flfeting world and all its troubles 
past, [more, 

The hand of Sickness shall oppress no 
But promised bliss eternally shall last. . 

O happy shade ! here rest in envied peace ! 

Here thou art vex'd with no vain earthly 
strife 5 
Whi)c I am left to seo^ as years increase. 

The houriyehftuging scenes of human life. 

Blest in thy fate, O truly blest, to find 

So early sweet repose front every care. 
Thou hast escap'd the vices of mankind*^ 



Of sweet benevolence !**i4he titciy heaiM 
Of grateful joy illumes my happy hours f 

The ardent warmth of Frielidship to mf 
hP4irt 
Conveys the southing balm for ev'ry ca re } 

And Love's enchanting harmonies impart; 
The charms that renderev'ryprospectfair. 

How rapidly the silent wheels of Time 

Flyo'er the surface of Life's trackless road ! ' 
It seems but lately that the tinkling chime 

CaU'd me in childhood fipm my lov'd' 
abode ! 
With thee, my brother, op the Sabbath n^rs 

I waik'd, in gay timpHcity of mien, 
"to hear the PaStor of the village warn 

His gentle flock, in piety serene. 

And there the melody of saared song • 
Pour'd from the breast that glow'd with 
artless truth ; [thrdu^ 

There Inspiration warm'd the list'niog 
Of hoary tott'ring Age and ruddy Youth ! 

Those were indeed the days of sterling joy f 
Oh, then a thousand simple pleasures met. 

That haughty Manhood's frowning cares 
destroy ! 
Those were the diys I never can forget ! 

Nor can I e'er forget, in Manhood's prime^- 
The end of all— -the rich, tha poor, tbo 
great, — , [Time,— 

No earthly power can stay the hand of 
No earthly greatness triumph erer Patei 

Pride ! lower thy crest^-^for soo« the voice 

of Death [birth { 

Shall call thee to thy long-appointed 

O hark !— e'en now it bids thee yield thy 

breath ! [earthy? 

Thy scorn, thy pomp, shall moolderin t^^ 

CUSHLAMACHRBE*^ 
^ Song. 



That might have H«og'd thee into dask ©EAR Erim, howsweeUy thy green bosMv 
desoair ! rises, 

-. . "T^ I ^*. ^ —1 T>a An emerald set in the ring of the sea ; 

Perhaps the keenest pangs of sad Re- ^^^ ^^^^ ^ ^^J^^ ^^^ 

"^"^ ^^^'^ heart prizes, [««*/•««? Are*. 

Thou Queen of the West, the werld^s' 



The deep corroding woes of pale Dis- 
Thou mjght*st have known, in thy uocer- 



tam course. 



Nor found ofl earth one soothing baud to 
For, oh, thouTnight'st have liv'd beyond the 
days • [ous pain. 

Of those who wept o'er thee with anai- 
When the last ling'ring food pathetic gaze 



[bless ! : Thy gates open wide to the poor and tha 



stranger, 
There smiles hospitality hearty and free; 
Thy friendship is seen in the moment oC 

danger, [/anwcAr^cJ 

And the wanderer is welcomed with Cusk^ 



Hung on the \tords " he ne'er will wake Thy sons they are brave but, the battl 



again* !" 

To Bie, dear shade, the bitter draughte that 
rise [been 

From Life's o'erflowing cup, have never 
So plenteous as the oordial rich supplies 

That strengthen love intbe domestic scene. 
Oh, I have tasted the delightfuVstream 
That flows spontaneoQs frOm the gen*^ 
rons powers ^ 

* He died, withootaetrogglea «8 bt lay 



once over, [agree^ 

In brotherly peace with their foes tb^ 
And the roseate cheeks of thy daeghttiw 

discover [lamacl 

The soul-speaking blnsb that says 

Then flourish for ever, my dear aadre 



While sadly I Wi 
And firm as iiiy m 
ing. 
May Heaven d 

liy 





aneKilefirOBit 

as, BO injttry flkr* 

[ckreef 

ts o\m CushUoMu* 



s Child. 



WU 



Sdect Poetry/h" tehruATy, I8l2. jgi 

BBf ht« I Mtempted your pity to Et quod .go uupiam, VdTuaT^ 

_„ •■'* dabiL re»(i»-" 

Why wem'd you M dB«r to ffly- prayen ? LMua e. i—" ,t Scbi. per te ti'bi ofUi™ 

tvl"" "' *" '" =""" NecmeBplo. r.J.ir^'^^ Jibi^^lilto 

But i*r da yn kUm. down rt.ir> f Quid «ribam inp.to f Predhnn^S 

to" ■•>> wilicitl pewmn oto naper Etmoveant fleniie oonjugii ora Jormn J 

aanwD, Spenwr!— Et iodigno ruu mea TMba Is. 

_ Vam» dwlit vaatM nonnura brre Cbioe » ,, gunlur t [eri,^ , 

npuni tamSn semper adolM' 

•— — . , L"""' ' ' -yi-aoma codJuk! nsTa fonu 

Jm* M« pne«ipitera niiUfre juuii pueJIa ; 

' '■■■'entoto respica ip orbe yagam. 




JoDonis ;— Semeten aKrior in musL 

**£^,." "''"■ *°"'>* =' «e«" OCOBllM t 

Keriicia ad nutus, lenit anutor erii I 
l^ur mea Um longai TigiU»it cara pea 
honu, 
Fniitri dum dixi, " Chare mMite redi i" 
[secure ye: X!!if"'^'"'*"*°"''"P*"'^'"«q'"™l 
dUnce will ^ '*"''"' P"B"". fe™ tropaa pelaa. 
.Ul jort make ^T" ""r™ "l^"*. "ot"!*" indie formu, 
a jnry. """c tterdm, sub quel* noo tua factt 

. /r;^,^,Kaii. Omnia 'Z\^, .. ^^ .„ „„^„ ofe 

»WW ^n,™ v,«d,caL m,flora. LiDquen.dixi,ti^« H^rifc^ 

OMonin] baud tibi pffiaa tol proconim »a ridel" ff in 

T^^i!.™- r!l ~ ^ '*~ **"" " ">liWi» murhmrB Cvgiiui 

»j^najii»eDnBtiio«cruorel tra,, 

St^i5i.rx;atr]::5^«bunt. ' ""^^ "*" °«='"«" r^^* 

F. R.S. Ludeiioy«mSemelfcBi«iimani,i%ethS« 

<• Ttti 7 Bi , J ^ »r ' **'"^ ^'^ J™*»' CO™ '"•'St Ira,-- 

mi»it« CA TTLE K BARBER, ^^. ^ 2' ^ '«*«»• 

0*» priDiAin ex mtrii hamnet repsjre, _ " 

pHmbat niitt l« THt »EtT OF MOTHBti 

)Ar. 

of my tsnder. 

[feari; 

M'd in tn^bhid 

**« ', whilatlMlUp 



■p'd fcnh thy 



Y anxious fear, 
cb succeeding 

b'd thy tender 
dwell ttayRj- 

cares repay. 

S 1I«T1L DArl 

S. dgtj 13. 



[ 16Z J 

HISTORICAL CHRONICLE, iSia 

Pkocudimci in tub Sixth Suiidh op the Fodith Pailuhknt- 

Vr TBI UaiTED Kl^iCDIM Or CkuT BimiM Am IlELARD- 

HoDiS or CoaniiNi. Jan. 13. bcr 1S12, lo prnntt the dtitillitio 

Tlie Sptalcer noiiced the liulc atleation crain, or lo «DotiniiF the suipenaloi 
which irat paid by ma hf honourable Men 
beii lo the piogreu of (iriTate bitl) at 

petltiODS, tbau^ to great a portion of Iheaame dutiet as otrepaHl on corn wiui, 

pobhc happiDoe, interest, a nit property, h order to compeiuate the meBae fprthe 

<vaf sWetttS thereby. He boped this part loss of last year. A raimhvent ta imposa 

6f their dolj wDold in future obuin ITiOt^ an additional duty of 11^ ptr arU. on 

■ttentiOQ. brandy, hullands, and dl other Ibretgn 

— r.^ — spirits imported, with Lbe eiceptioD of 

Jan. 14. rum. Thii last duty, the iotporten of fok 

The ChanceUar qf tht Ertfitjuer, after reign ipiriM, the bonouiable Mover ob- 

■aine observitioni on lbe rpjcction of his served, would scarcely feel^ 

ftotion tastSeuion, fbrpennitCing equally fits were eBormoui ; 

the disTillaliim from gr^in and froin sugar, same lima sicure ■ 

which would hare, bad it been ai^opteiT, mBtlic and colonial ■ 

rendered Ihe present measure uhneces- tions, a^er a fewwnri 

sary, nraied, in consequence of Ihe fail- bj, were ajteed to. 

tloiu:— Ist, That from and after the 15th Hocis or Loins. Jon. IS. 

rtb. next, all distillation trom grain Earl Cimdtn ^sented the Report af 

gboald ceaMT (excetiting Itelmd) till the tbe CommiLtee appoinled lo examine the 

5ltt Dec— 3d, That it should be lavful Fhysiciani, touching the state of bia Ha. 

iUr tbe Prinoe Regent, with the advice of jetty's beakb. An abstract of this Report 

hii Privy COundl, after the 1st of Octo- shall be giwen below *. 

• STATE OF HIS MAJESTY'S HEALTH. 
■■The Select Committea appeinted to eiamine the Pbyiicians, touching tbe state of his 
M^esly's hesllh, sioce their eiaminatioH before the House last Session, met OD tbe 
10th Jan. when lbe following exaraiDalions were taken. — Dr. M. Baillie, in reply to 
tbe interiogatories put, said, that tbe state of bis Majeaty'i health it such as to render 
hiu iocapsble oTcomiag lo Parliament, or of attending to public busineu. Ue thought 
kit Hsjesty'i recovery highly improbable, Ibough not hopeless, because his iltneia 
baa cgutioued for many months, and his mental health is in a considerably worse state 
than it was eight or ten months ago j because his Majesty is coiUidershly adranced in 
life ; and becaule bii Majesty's present indisposition has assumed a more determined 
form than in any of bii former' illnesses. The presentdegreeof Ihe mental infirmity had 
taken place rather suddenly ; he was much belter towgrdi the end of June ; early in 
Jnly his Majesty's mind was impreised with all tbe errors wbicli have continued since ; 
latterly he bas been able to relate anecdotes more dtftinclly ; but,tbough his perceptioa 
and appithens' 
slightly impair 
in complaints < 
did not recom 
Parliament, & 
hopeless. Hii 
April, May, a 
•cemedtobea 
preTioug slate, 
with the same 
provemept; fa 
his errors ; kn 



had been 10 ti< 
of late.— Dr. ! 
Docton. He 
feeover, after 



I812-] .Proceedings in (Ae present Sessim efParHamef^. 16t 



Housft or Commons, Jem, 16. 
The House havings resolved itself into a 
Committee, for the purpose of taking into 
consideration so much of the Lords Com- 
nissionen* Speedi, as related to 4kis Ma- 
jesty's Household j 

• Mr. Perceval, after adverting to the 
b(^>eless state of his Majesty, and the ne- 
cessity of making some provision for main-t 
taining the dignity and securing the com- 
fort of his Majesty, on the devolvement 
of the Royal authority on the Prinoe Re- 
gent, which would take place upon the 
18th Febrnary, proposed that the House- 
hold should be constituted out of those 
aiio attended his Majesty previous to his 
illness; that the expenditure, which would 
IHIW more than 70,000/. a year^ in addi- 
4kom^ Hm 4»rdinary produce 6f the Civil 
lislBeveftue^ should be defrayed out of 
the fonds belonging to the Civil List of 
the Crown ; that, instead of the Lord Ste- 
ward and Lord .Chamberlain, who would 
he required to support the state of the Re- 
gent,' the first Gentleman of the 6ed- 
tfhaaiher, commonly called the Groom of 
4he StfOle, should be placed at the head 
of the new establishment, with a deputy, 
4b the person of Lord J. Thynne, the pre- 
sent Vice-chamberlain. Four Lords and 
Csur GrooBBS of ^e Bed-chamber, with a 
Jtfaster of the Robes, and seven Equerries, 
should likewise be appointed, making a 
total of 28 attendants. The care of his 
fifsgesty, with the superintendanoevof the 
Household, should be left to the Queen. 
The expence of his Majesty's estabiisb- 
tnent at Windsor-, last year, did not ex^ 
4:eed 108,000/. f and he thought, therefore, 
with the reduction of «oi»e of the supei^ 
4qoo8 equipages, the whole of the ex- 
pences of the new Household, including 
^the bill disbursements, and salaries of 
the new officers, would be covered by 
iOO,000^ He should also propose a per- 
manent addition to her Majesty'» income, 
as she might not choose to coutinue inr re- 



tHr«meht, of 10,000/. per annum, Tho 
Pensioners of his Majesty to be paid out 
of the usual fund; the Medical Attendants 
but of the Royal Privy Purse/ and a Se- 
cret Committee to be appointed to enquire 
into the nature of the pensions, "niesa 
expenses would altogether amount to 
180,000/. ft year, viz. 100,000/. for hitt 
Majesty's Household; 70,000/. for th« 
private pensions; and 10,000/. for her 
Majesty. This would leave a deficiency 
of 100,0Q0/^ to he provided for out of tti 
Civil List ; so that his Royal Highness the 
Prince Regent will have 100,000/. a year 
less than his Royal Father had enjoyed* 
f f, however, 50,000/. were granted to hit 
Royal Highness from the Exchequer, thera 
would then be 70,000/. reniaining to fulQI 
the engagements' entered into with his cre- 
ditors some time since ; and the deficiencT 
in the Civil List would only be 50,000/. whi(£ 
could not be sensibly felt, as the femily 
of his RoyaHIighness was so much smaller 
than that -of his Majesty. The honourabia 
Member concluded' by stating that ha 
should, to meet the expences incurred fcgr 
the Prince Regent last year, in assuming 
the reins of Government, propose a gngn 
of 100,000/. 

- Mr. Pomonhy complained that the boo. 
Mover had, by the establishment of three 
new offices, as Commissioners to audit 
the aciiompts, &c. of the Household, in^ 
icreased his own influence ; he blamed the 
grant of iO,1X)0/k - to the Queen, and the 
dimhiution of the Civil List Revenue, -^e 
ahould oppose the plan, which -was too 
<!omp)ex, and tended to throw frash l^ur- 
thens on the people. 

Me. Ttern^y thought it unjust that the 
•splendour of the R/^gent should be 
abridged in order to increase that of her 
Majesty, who would, by these grants^ 
receive 200,000/. per annum for the Care 
of t^e King's person : the hon. Mover, he 
supposed, wanted to create a Court, 19 
opposition to that of the Prince Regent. 



hiccattse the number of recoveries of persons of that age is tvery si^ail, Jn,compa^ 
4Ji9M^i|tth the number of recoveries of those that are younger. T\^t state of his Majesty 
if very difi^ent firom what it was in 1804. There is 00 fatuity ; blindness is unfavour- 
able to his recovery, because he cannot be so well managed. The consciousness of 
his regal state gives a peculiarity to his disorder, and renders it difficult to mansge ; his 
J»erception is good ; but he has a number of erroneous floating ideas ; his memory is 
firm and good, which is a fiivourablecircumstanc^-«-Sir H.iialford co|icurred generally 
with Dr. Simmons in his answers: his I^ajesty, on Sati^rday ni^fat, threatened to hav# 
an acceleration of his complaint.; he detailed anecdotes accurately; but could not 
essrcise a good judgment. He thought the ^upercesston of the royal authority had 

a deep eflfect upon his Majesty's miod.— Dr. J. Willis agreed in all the primary 



rs whh the othei" Doctors. ,He ^houghL^s Majesty wor^<^ that morning than last 
^Mek. There was a great degree of d^anPknent, bordering on insanity. He hsil 
corrected the words be used oh the quai:terly rej^qrt, because they conveyed too 
strong a meaning.— > Dr. Robert Willis said, tha^ b||31ajesty was worse that morni>Ur; 
be was extremely agitated, and in a nerv^ius state, MHoh has been increasing for sofn# 
time past. At no period of his attacj^ had he be«n^||irse ; bat the symm^o^ lisd SO 
^fte&giref way, that bethought there was no danger of liife, ■ .-' 

.Ml. 



Ur.8kendt» combatedthe opinioBeiC' fdief of Cowgoi F« jgnili < tdOOfbrdw 

pressed by'tbe Cbaooeilor of the Excbfti- St. Doaiii^ S uj e t a w ; 3t00 fat Oe 

?uer, that the Prioce had compromitad Putcb EmigraiiUi 129^15$ for the i 

is claiiD to the Duchy 4>f Cornwall for the lering Clergy of Frence; Mil/.- Mit.' 

00,000/. settled upon him by PariMmeat. Frencb £«Mtra«|i{ 4794/. 16i. for 



The Ckancellor of ti^e ExckgquempViedi Refugee Laity; 171 St 4s. lor 

after which the res<^utioiw were carried Refugee Clergy; lf>XX) for Hw Fob* 

liithoQt a division. lie Office, Bov-ftveet ; 76,800 f»r Mw«k. 

■ pcooe ef nwinfiniig — d eaployiBg •ooa* / 

Jan. 17. TicU; 20,000 for Uw cbtaget; 81,000 

An account of the state of the popula- tor priatingfor the House of liogdi; 200i| 

tjon of England, ScoUand, and Wales, for priiitiag the Votes of tlie Bomm of 

from ItOl to the >preseqt year, was pre? Copunons ; 4467 for-priatiag Billet he. 
tented. Mr. Vorke, iu lepftyio a i|«eMioo ffom 

Mr. £ofe took this opportunity of statiof» Mr. Whitbrcaid, stated, that Hie loai of 

ihat there had been an augnentatioa of the the Baltic oooivoy wsa e» ti saly e s ri a g to 

popolatioo, in England, in the proportioa the accidents of the wind obmI wca& < i^ 

^f 14 per cent.; in Wales, 12; and in The loss of the Hero was oviog 4o a iaai| 

Scotland, 13 per cent. This increase waf in the oavigataev, io iMt isalriag attow^ 

remarkable for another peculiarity, the ances for the ounents pfsvailing in ihoaO 

number of males being equal to the num- seas. Orders had been i a s o ed fresa iho ' 

Wof females. In September lg02, the Admiralty, that no ships should seoNia i^ 

frbole population was 10,471,000. U was the Korth Seas after the 1st Noseiifoeri 

now, exclusive of the Army and Navy, hot the weather pvaveated the ix mr m f 

ai,(01«900, making, in ooiuVBetion wHh freosleaTiog there onty the |7th of «hai 

the Military, a ^tal increase of 1,600,000» moath. After the Pefesee was soali, Ikm 

The honourable Oenti^tfBan then remarked, $t. iGeorge was driven ashore; hot, sH 

that, notwithstanding the system of iodo* eapeotation that she would be able taj 

sures, five millions sterling was aaottaMgr weather the storm, tho Adniind did nai 

y^ for com nnpovted hither, and recom- shift his ftag. 

jpifindt^ an extensive cokivation of pota- Mr. WhUhmi was satisfied with Hd^ 

loes, fupd forthar aacooragement to our expienaiioo. 
A«henes» Mr. i2ydirr, after ootieiag tiie late mnr*- 

Mr. firmtghtm did not tbiok thai there ders at the East end of the town, and asr 

Has ooy real increase of the populatioo, serthig that no vig ilanee on te pavt of ibn 

Im^ attributed the higher returas to the Police oooJd prevent theos, oha^emd, that 

rBJudicea of the people being removed a Military PoUae, as eataiUishod in iDao|^ 

distant counties^ wberehy o more cor- of the continental cities, and tfaoagh-a»* 

lect return was obtained. He warmly re* forced with all the energy of de^olisi^ 

commended a census for Ireland ^ and arere iasoffieieBt to repress the g rtaiast 

was supported by Messrs. Herbert and atrocities. He should propose the apfwiioft 

y. Moore, the latter of ii horn estimated it meat of a Select CooMnittee, to iaqoi tw . 

at six millions. into the state of the nightly watch Qf-tlw 

The Report of the Committee of Supply, Metropolis and parts adjacent, and report 

containing the resolutions respecting the whether it would be best to strengthea i^ 

.arrangement of his Majesty's Household, hysoroe new provisions, or entirely chaa^ 

w;^ then broitght up ; and, after remarks the plan. At pr ceent, though parochial 

from Messrs. Creevey and Brand, who trustees were required to procure abler ' 

objected to the Droits of the Admiralty bodied men, those they appoiirted did not 

^teiiig considered at belonging 10 the Crown, answer that description, and were geB»« 

fSnd the latter of whom opposed the rally unable to obtain support by any 

grant of 70,000/. to the Prince Regent, other means. 

was read, snd a Bill ordered to be brought Sir S, Jtomiliy expected a measure of 

ta. The second r^ solution was referred to more extensive operatien, and suggested 

|t poB^mittee of Supply. an iwuiry into the state of the Police of 

The House having gone into a Com- the Metropolis, and censured the high re- 
mittee of Supply, Mr. Yorke proposed, wards which were given to Police officers, 
that the number of seamen should be the who were thus induced to screen offenden 
same as last year, namely, 145,000 sea- in the outset of their career. He thoogfac 
men, iticludiog 31,400 marines. the lotrery, by encouraging gsmmg, k»d 

The following, among other sums, w^ some iufluence in increasing cinders. Ho 

then voted in the Committee. thought a daily watch extremely necessary. 

;^.3. 345,875 for 13 months pay for the Mr. W. Smith thought that care sbooM 

145,000 seamen ; 4>453.300 and^pwards be taken, in driving offenders from the 

Ibr provisioning them ; 3,675,00^or tear city, that they were not permitted to con- 

aod wear of ships ; 659,750 fli^ the ord- tinue in the environs, 
nance of the l^avy ; 20,000 for the relief Mr. Sheridan thought the present the 

^ j^nericsQ Jix>yaUsts; 12><{00 fof tho silliest motion ever made after the aloiaj 

fxcite4 



H&iS.] BmciMi^s in ike present Session 9/ Pmrliament. H§ 



ipeited by<«lMaft4e atrocities. Mid tboi^^t 
Ifc shaokl befoHo^ved ^.mn enquiry into 
tie- stete of the ^risli nnuvaeries. Hie 
kaooiifable QeBdenan bad informed tliem 
tiMt Ihe Aot required- velobiDeB to be 
pMe-bodied; but tbey Here veak, old, 
•nd decMpid ! He toen adirerted to the 
oeaduot of tbe Sbad^^ll Magistrates in 
|iou n t «iaDcittg the fiopular eiamour that 
the late muvders were oonmitted by Por* 
iM^uese or IrisbsieB, many of wbom vere 
#enftnedffi hours wiUioutany refreshmeal, 
because they wore foul linen I He Uke- 
iriee eeosured their neglect in not search- 
iog WiUiMos^ lodginfs until a month af- 
ter the eiupder, perraittin; bin to ooBceal 
Ih^ieee ef inm to make away w&th hinsel^ 
•adin net setting a^goaMl over him. He 
fiaideome handsome compHmeBts to the 
Sow*8treei magistrates, aod censured -their 
hfethven of Shadwell offioe. 

Messrs. Ferteval and Montague, with 
LardCbekrane -and Sir F. Burdett, shortly 
ffKdie, the two former is defence oi the 
ttadwell «agistrates| alter whicb an 
— Miidwfiiit, proposed by Bfr. Jie rt ro m - 
kie, that the Committee ehonld inquire 
mto the stato of the Police, as well as that 
0(f the nigbtly'watoh, was iikewise carried. 
The Committee to include the members for 
Ibe City^ Westmuister» Serr^, and Mid- 
idletexy Metsrs. Ryder and Sheridan. 

The Bill far the regalatioQ of liis Ma- 
jesty't Household, and the administration 
M lup personal pr^erty, was read the Ihrat 



Mr* Jiemeyit aftor noticing the ualair^ 
of etatiag that the Civil List was 
IK)T,OpO/. ptT ammmt when the expendi- 
tttiw exceeded it by 120,000iL ptr arutvm^ 
IBOved for the bilUf paid to tradesmen i& 
tfee departments of Lord Steward and Lord 
Oiamberlain, and an account of the 
efaarges of Foreign Afini^ters, sums al- 
lowed them, and preseaHi ijmde them, from 
•|«04talSU. 

The House bavhig gone into a Cma- 
nottee of Supply, the sum of 100,000/. 
iras moved to be granted to his Royal 
fiighoessthe Prince Ri^ent, tadefriiythe 
espeoces attending thf assumption of the 
B^ncy. 

Mr. Ttmrney uxaAe spme objections to 
tbb grant, as »he expences attendant on 
|lie assumption of the offioe of the Regent 
were over, aod his Royal Highness the 
Ptince hady with a pfoper feeling for the 
Irasthened state of the people, refused to 
•eoepc a Bvm of money last year.* This 
•trtset h|d no preeedeiH: in history, and 
■o -distinct appropriatlQq was mentioned 
ffk. 

Mr. ^^'/^rwotf thought it would be les- 
fening the character of the Prince Regent, 
|» insist upon the grant after the dedara- 
|Mf of hut ^9fT, which |iad deservedly 



iacrettted the iiopularity of the Prinea 
Regent He suggested that the grant 
should be applied for in a regular manner 
•by a message from tbe Prince Rfgent. 

The Chanc9lior ^f Me JEmh^imr and 
Mr. iltfbiM replied} after which therootioa, 
with a verbal alteration, was «gretd to. 

Jan, 81. 

The report of tbe Secret Commitlee, 
appoJoted to eaanline into the payments 
made out of tbe Priry Purse, was broaght 
up; itsutedthat of the sum of 40^391. 
disbursed from the Privy Purse, 4mlf 
5518/. paid to various indivfdnals oouM 
be discontinued. 

Mr. Br&ugkam, alter ao able ^eech, in 
the course of which he observed, that tfao 
JDroits of the Adnuralty bad risen, in tbo 
course of this war, to eight millions ster* 
ling, concluded by moving, '* that tbet 
possession of any part of tbe national fond 
by the Crown, which ia not subject to tho 
controul ef Parliament, is contrary to tbe 
spirit of the ConstHutiMii, is liable to the 
greatest abuses, and extremely d^gerous 
-to tbe public welfare; and that tbe Droits 
of Admiralty should have been fcooontod 
for at the Treasury. 

After some discussion, in which Messn* 
Brand, Ctmrtenay, />. Oif%, Stepktn, 
Ahercwmbif, W, Slmitht Percwvai, Pomm' 
^, and Tterne^ with Sir F. Bwdeit mkl 
^ Attomeff General, participated, tb^ 
motion, conveying a censure on the ad- 
ministration, was negatived by 93 to 38; 
as was an amendment by Mr. Tierney. 

Itfr. Brdugham thea moved, that tho 
question should be oonstdt* red in a Com- 
mittee of the whole Ho«se, whicb was 
likewise negatived. 

Jen. 22. 

The usual amiuar votes ef 10,500,000/. 
hi Exchequer Bills ; the 1,500,000/. £x« 
ehequer Bills ; as also the 8,000,000 sup*^ 
plement to the War Taxes tor the current 
year, were severally pnssed inthe Com- 
mittee of Supply and Ways ond Means. 

Lord Cochrane moved for a copy of tbo 
correspondence between their Royal High^ 
nesses the Dukes of York and Cambridge; 
' the latter^ tbe noble Lord stated, held a 
eommission as General of the District, 
with a salary of 4000/. per annvm, and 
provender for 20 horses; but ihe com- 
i|)ission having dwindled into a sinecure, 
h^ had refused to retain it: the motion 
w^» negatived. 

(jord pockrant then made his motiom 
cm the abuKPs of the Inferior Ecclesiastical 
Courts ; but withdrew his motion on Sir 
IV. Scoti's undeitaking to bring in a Rill to 
^medy theni. 



mm 



Jan, ^4. 
Mr. Whiikread applied foir thO oerre- 
spondence between Mr. Monroe and Mr. 



Foster 



f 



1 66 Proceedings in the present Session of Parliamenf. . [Feb* 

Tostcf ; wiiich was refused by Mr. Perce- Mr. Secretary Ryder observed that, m 

'vat, unUl the conclusion of the negotia- a late return ordered of the Police Magi»- 

tiODS. trates, it was required also, that they 

On the Household Bill being read a' should state « where their qualifications 

second time, the Chancellor of the Erchc' are, and what they are ;" which, if cooa- 

^rter, in reply to questions from A^essrs. plied with, woald be demanding of- thA 

Glie9 and Whitbread, admitted that some Magtistrates to fomish evidence againsl 

lorther allowance would be required to themselves. This objection had been sag- 

be made for other branches of the Royal gested by the Attorney General ; and at 

Family. be had apprised Sir F. Burdett of it, he 

In a Committee of Supply, 4600/. were should now move that that part of the 

Voted fbr the repairs of king Henry the order should be expunged. After some 

Seventh's Chapel, and 10,000/« for erecting discussion, the House divided, and the 

a bridge over the River Eden. motion was carried^ 

■II The Hottsefaotd Bill, after some- ebser- 

Jan, 27. vatiens irom Mr. Hutchinson, on the extra 

Committees were, upon the motion of burthens imposed on the people, the stat^ 

Mr. Bankes, appointed, to examine what of dependence in which Mrnisttrs kept 

■elbecks existed upon the public expi^i- the Prince by not paying his df^bts, wbrek 

tvre, and to consider the means of abridge be supposed amonnted to 500,000/. aK 

ing the foreign civil expenditure. though they had so large a fund as the 

* Mr. Titmey, after an eloquent speech, Droits of the Admiralty at their disposal, 
concluded with moving, that the House the expence- of diplomatic agents at io- 
fhouJd postpone going into a Conraiittee reign courts, and the very great charge 
on the Household Bill; which, after a of Marquis Welle>ley, who for a few 
warm discussion^, in whfch Blessrs. G, weeks stay in Spain bad incurred 1S,0004 
Johnstone, Montague, Wfatbread, Ponsojt' expence, was read the third tine% 

4y, Percevaly Adam, Arbuthnoi, and Sir ' ■ 

T. Turton participated, was negatived by HoirSff of Lords, Jan. St. 

141 to 59, The clauses in the Bill were The order of the day for taking mif^ 

then separately discussed, and filled up, ^consideration the motion respecting IreK 

» sum of 70,090/. being granted to his land being read. Earl FttztoiUiam entered 

Ifaiesty during his illness, out .of the into an extensive and circumstantial view 

-CDnsolidated Ftond, to commence from of that country, in relation to the claims 

ths ISth of February 1812. advanced by the Calholics. fie thought 

■ that the conduct of <3ovemment towards 

Jan. 28. them had not been honourable' or digni'* 

A Bill towards defraying the expences fied, far less conciliatory ; and the conse- 

ef the Assumption of the Royal Authority quenoe was that the discontents had tn- 

hj the Prince Regent, was read the first creased. After alluding to- the Union, and 

time. the piyimises held out to the higher ois-> 

On the report of the Committee on the ders of the advantages which would resell 

Household Bill being brought up, Mr. from it, and their con^quent disappoint 

Brougham stated his objections at great ment, he concluded by moving the ap- 

length, and adverted to the undue influence pointment of a Committee to take inte 

* which her Majesty .might be tempted to consideration the state of Ireland, 
create in Parliament, by the nomifiation The Duke of Devonshire seconded the 

^ef so many officers in the new Court. In- motion; which was likewise supported by 

eidentally, the Hon. Member noticed, that the Dnke of Bedford, who blamed the 

a bill of 10,000/. had been drawn by a public conduct of his relation the Duke ef 

B^ron^ Hubet, upon the British Govern- Richmond. 

ment, for some unexplained service; The Marquis of Dmvniik're urged, that 
which, with a grant of 4500/. for a service Ireland had lost much by the Union, and 
ef plate to Lord fiarrington, when ap- gained nothing; it was a fact, that in 
pointed Ambassador to St. Petersburg, whatever country the better part of a well- 
though his Lordship never set out, de- graduated society wa« removed* their re- 
served inqniry. moral led to the degradation of that which 
Messrs.* Bennet, Rose, and Sheridan, remained. If Ireland received any equi- 
also spoke ; the latter warmly defended valent for the deterioration to which her 
the character of Col. Macmahon. The people were thus doomed by the Union, 
veport was then brought np, and read. he was not aware of it. A tacit compaot 

'■ had certainly been made, that the civil 
Jan. 29. disabilities under which the Catholics la- 
Mr. Bankes^s Bill, for preventing the boured should be removed ; they bad che- 
Grant of Offices in Reversion, or for Joint rished expectations of emancipatioo upon 
Lives, was read, as were the two Exche- rational grounds, and they ought .not te 
^ner WSh BiUi ^ a third time* be disappointed : they bad firen up aU, 

weoi 



I^Sf.] ParlidtHentaiy Proceedings.'-^Lohdon Gazettes. let 



wen they to receive nothii&g in return? 
3]r tacit 'Compact every society was bound 
together^ but sucb compact implied a re« 
eipraeation of benefits ; that could not be 
' an union -which the slightest Jtouch would 
dissolve ; in which the strong drew to 
themselves all that was valuable, and left 
the weak no right but that of serving. 
Such was the! state of affairs in Ireland; 
a nominal union indeed subsisted there, 
but it was only a flimsy disgaise of a real 
and nnich to be lamented disunion. 

Lord Somen spoke at length in support 
of the motion, and expressed his coAvic* 
tion that its success would tend to heal 
those divisions which had sprung up« He 
blamed Ministers if they had endeavoured 
$o change those ^eivourable sentiments 
whkh the Prince Regent was formeifly 
known to entertain in behalf of the Ca- 
Iholics. 

The Earl of itou lamented the present 
state of Ireland, and the dissentiens which 
prevailed among the Catholics ; but was 
convinced that, after the tone oi menace 
and contumacy they had adopted, con- 
cession would be atUribnted to fear, and 
create fresh demands. He severely re- 
prehended the convention system. 
' • i/MPd Aberdeen admitted the justice of 
the claims of the Catholics ; but contended 
that the present was a premature and un- 
aensonable period to press them. 

Viscount Sidmouth believed that the 
evils under which the Irish people la- 
boured were the result of the privations to 
which the Catholics are subjected. He 
^ asked, bad the Catholics conceded that 
negative power to the Sovereign — ^the 
y^io f They had not. He saw no reason to 
nrge thair claims at the present moment, 
andexhorted their Lordships to pause be- 
fare they acceded to the motion. 



The Marquis WeUetley, in an able and 
eloquent speech, adverted to all the topicka 
connected with the question. He ad- 
mitted the justice ,of the claims of the Ca- 
tholicsjaod exhorted them to the observanoa 
of a mild and ten^>erate conduct in press- 
ing them ; but added, that he thought ths 
present not a prqper period to make such 
unlimited concessions. 

The Marquis of LaTitdovm*, Earl Gr^p, 
Lords GrenvilU, IJardwicke, Cary^ortf, 
Moira, Mrskint, and Dande^j, supported 
Ihe motion; which was opposed by Lordt 
Westmoreland and Buckinghamshire. 

The Earl of Liverpool passed an eloquent 
eulogium upon the mind and capacity of 
the Judge of the King's Bench of Ireland, 
in reply to Earl Grey. His Lordship ques- 
tioned the propriety of petitioning by de« 
legatiQo, it being an inherent power, un- 
transmittable to representation. 

On a division, the numbers were— <^- 
tents 42, Proxies 37. — Non-contents 86, 
Proxies 76.— Majority against the mo* 
tion 83. ' 

Adjourned at half past j6 in the morning. 

In the Coijomons, the same day, Mc. 
LockharVs motion for a Committee to in- 
quire if persons becoming baukrupu caa 
sit and vote in that House, was, after a 
short discussion, in which the Chancellor 
of the Exchequer^ Messrs. Baring and 
Brand, and Sir J. Nexaport took a part* 
negatived, there not appearing to be any 
law existing naaking bankruptcy a diaqua- 
lification. 

Sir F. Burdett then moved, that that 
part of his order respecting Police Magis- 
trates should be reinstated, which bad 
been rescinded on the 29th ; but this mo- 
tion was negatived by 57 to 7. 
(To be continued.) 



INTERESTING INTELLIGENCE FROM THE LONDON GAZETTES. 



£We resume the official account of the 
vedoction of Java and its dependencies, 
the Na^val co-operation in which we could 
•nly briefly notice in our last, see p. 74.} 

Admiralty-q^ce, Jaiu 20* Capt. Har- 
ris, of his Majesty's ship Sir Francis 
Drake, arrived- at this office last night, 
with dispatches from the Hon. Rear-adm. 
Stppford, Commander in Chief of his Ma- 
jesty's shi{M and vessels at the Cape of 
Good Hope, of which the foUoWing are 
copies and extracts : 

Sir, Scfpion, off Sourobuya, Sept. 29. 
• In my letter to you from Batavia Roads, 
voder date .the 30th of August, 1 ac- 
quainted, you, for the information of the 
Loids Commissioners of the Admiralty, 
that it was my intention to proceed in the 
Bcipion to. the Isle of France, in conse- 
quence of the principal part of the £ne- 
iitfH Ux9% baviBg been capturtd or de- 



stroyed in the successful assault of their 
work by the British troops on the 26th €4 
that month. On communication of tlus my 
signal to his Excellency the Governor-ge« 
neral of India, who was residing at Bata- 
via, and Ho Lieut.-gen. Sir Samuel Auch- 
muty, the Commander in Chief of the 
forces, I was informed by these authori- 
ties, that the future resources of the Ene- 
my were yet unknown, and that they con- 
sidered it requisite to use all means to 
bring the contest to as speedy a conclu- 
sion as possible, hoping that I would not 
diminish any part of the British force by 
my departure. Upon these suggestions 1 
waved my first intention of quitting the, 
station, and prepared for immediately 
proceeding to Sourabaya.>-In pursuance 
of my foroier arrangement, the Nisus^ 
President, Phoebe, and Hesper sloop, 
sailed on the 31st of August to (iherihon» 

lor 



Idi Iniimiing tnttUigemefmn. tke Londhtti Gnettes. fFq|t 



Ibr the purpose of iuteroeptiag tile Ene- 
my's retreat from BApetter ComeKus to 
the Bastward; As no troops were ready 
fbr embarkatkni, I relied upon the ma- 
rines of these ships (to which the party of 
liis Bi ajesty 's ship Lion- was added) for 
jwifoimi ny this service, and they ftiBy 
aofwered my expectation. Capt. Bearer* 
•f his Msgesty^s ship Nisas, having sum- 
■M>ned-the place to surrender, took pos- 
•essioo of it without opposition. Capt. 
Warren, the bearer of the summons^ 
liaTing hoisted the British flag*, receitvd 
information that the Commander in Chief 
fyf the French troops (Gen. Jamelle) had 
jnst arrived, and was changing horses to 
proceed to the Eastward. Capt Warren, 
with his gig's crew, immediately made 
him his prisoner, and secured him j many 
other officers and privates were also made 
prisoners, as their Lordships will observe 
by Capt. Beaver's report to me of his 
proceedings, with Cspt. (lillyar's account 
of the surrender of Taggall, both for- 
warded by this opportunity. The serviees 
performed by these ships were of the 
greatest importance to the ultimate result 
of the campaign.— On the 4th of Scptem- 
ber 1 detached Commodore Brought' >n in 
tile Illustrious, with the Mindeo, Li^n, 
and Leda, to rendezvous off the entrance 
of Gressie; on board these ships were 
embarked the 14th and part of the 78th 
regiments of foot, with 6eM pieces. The 
Modesto sailed on the 5th with Lieut, •gen, 
8hr Samuel Aochmnty; and 1 sailed in 
^the Scipion on the 6th, having on board 
Awo companies or Artillery, and four field 
pieces. The transports, with the rest of 
the troops, were directed to sail as soon 
as they were ready.-«^n the 8th of Sep- 
tember I received a dispatch from Sir 
Samuel Auchmnty, acquainting me that 
hft bad reoeived information of Gen. Jan*- 
■ens' intetotioB of assembling his forces, 
and making a stand at Samarang, and 
fequestiag 1 would proceed there alid col* 
lect as many troops as possible. Mea- 
sures fbr this purpose were accordmgly 
taken. On the 9th I anchored off Sana- 
rang, and on the 10th was joined by 
Commodore Broug^ton, with the ships 
under- his orders, and some few trans- 
ports. On the same day, the General, iD 
coi^unction with me, sent a sunMnons to 
Gen. Jansens, wbiah-was rejected. Ob 
that night 1 directed the armed boats of 
the squadron to take op destroy several 
of tlie-Enemy's guH-boats lyings in-sboro 
with French colours. This service waft 
oorapletefy executed, under the dtreotio» 
of Capt. MAunsell, acting Captain of the 
IlkiStrio«s.-^Tbe General being in posses- . 
aion of a plan of the town of Samarang, 
which mariLcd it as strongly fMrtified, aiMl 
Mng unacquainted with tho number of 
the fiMBiy*! tiMpty did Mi tliLdkit gd* 



Tisabletokiod the 900^tioop» wiridi 
coUeeted, bot waited', for reialbfoeMeBtt- 
ftom BaUvuu Nothinf was thenefore at# 
tempted votiL the l&h, wbea havipf 
learned that the Eaemy had quitted tiki 
town of Samovanf, and vetoed into tfa« 
interior, a party of treeps was landed; 
and tOQ^ possession of tho town without 
opposition. On the. 13th the whole of the 
troops were landed, which now amounted 
to 1500 men, preparatory to an attack 
upon the Enemy's position, on an emi* 
uence about seven miles from Samarang, 
where some guns were placed, and a woA 
hastily thrown up. — Concluding that tho 
final retreat of the Enemy would be to« 
wards Sovrabaya, I represented to tW 
General the necessity of being before-hand 
with the Enemy, and immediately ocoif 
pying that po&t ^ I aceordiagly sailed fot 
this purpoi&e on the 15ih, with the Sd- 
pion, Lion, Nisus, President, PboBbe, 
and Harpy (the last four having joined- bM 
on the i4tb) : I intended to collect on mjf 
passage such transports, with troops, aa 
bad proceeded under the original inteo* 
tioa of going to Sourabaya, and had nof 
received the counter order to go to Sama* 
rang.— -On the 17th I anchored with t\^ 
squadron off the town of Ledayo, on^tbe 
Java shore, leading to Grassie, and waa 
joined by three transports, having 300 
defective Sepoys, and 50 European ca« 
' valry : to these were added the marines 
of the squadron, making a force of nearly 
450 men. — On the iSth^ Capt HarriS) of 
his Majesty's ship Sir Francis Drsike, 
came on board the Scipion, firom tba 
island of Madura. For the previous pro-* 
ceedtngs of this meritorious Officer, whom 
1 had detached from Batavia on the 13tk 
of August, to take possession of the Frenci^ 
fortress at Samanap, in which he wim 
eminently successful, and for his snbsei<i 
quent ipasler- stroke of policy, ia drawing 
the Sultan of Madura from the French al- 
liance, and attaching him to the Britlaht. 
interesU, 1 beg leave to refer their Locd« 
shipS'to my letter, oootainiBg Capt. Ha9- 
ris'a repoit of his proceedings, and th« 
able, and spirited assistance he. received 
from CapL Pdlew, of his Majesty's ship 
Phaeton.-^As . there was no Field Office* 
of the Army with me, 1 directed Capt^ 
Harris to take command of the treop« 
which were landed on the 19th, and to 
march to Gressle. On the 20th the piaW 
was in our possession, some pasties <^ thm 
Eneiiy with gone having been pat to 
flight.<*-*On the mppciMLch. of the troopa to 
Sourabaya on the 22d, articles of capita* 
lation were agreed upon between Capto 
Harris and the Commandant (a Cofonel 
in the French service) for the sonendM 
of the place. When th^se tecma nvtmmk 
the point of being signed, inteUigeoce 
re«uved3of tSmt capiUilttioii ibr the 



5>' 



181AJ Inierestmg Intelligence /rofn the London Gazett03« 169 



render of Java and Hs dependencies hav- 
ing been coochxded on the 18th; Soara- 
bayawiis therefore taken ]>osseSfTon of, 
and f^ nnder the greneral tertm of the 
capttdtatkm.— >The GeneraPs letter having 
■eariy at the same time reached me, I 
tent an officer to take possession of Fort 
Lodowfck, a place of g«eat strength- to- 
wards the sea, and completely defending 
the Nordkem entranc« towards Oressie. 
The fort was hi excellent order, contain^ 
lug 98 pieces of heavy cannon, chiefly 
brass. I had, however, previously marked 
ont the f round for erecting a mortar bat- 
tery upon the Island of Menare, from 
«hn:h it m^ht have been effectually bom^ 
harded. I have, &c. 

RoBSRt SropFORo, Rear-adniiral: 
Tb John ffilsan Croker, Esq. ^dnfhafitj, 

(Here follow^ Copii-s of Capt. Beaver^ 
reports to Adm. Stopford, relating to hi^ 
^rocfedingt at Cheribon ; and Capt. Hilt- 
yar*8 af. Taggall, alluded to in the Admr- 
raPs leUer.] 

Extract of a letter from Capt. Beaver, 
oa board the Nisns^ at anchor off Cberi- 
boo, Sept. 4. 

At day -light diit mommg, I dispatched 
Capt. Warren, of the President, in a 
boat under a flag of tmce, with the ac- 
eompanymg summons to the Command- 
ant €i( Cheribon, and immediately after 
weighed With the three frigates, stood to- 
wards the fort, and anchored them as near 
ms we codtd get to it, in three fathoms and 
a qoarter; when the French colours were 
Jhanfed down, and fiuglish hoisted in their 
pbce. The marines, amounting to 180, 
were immediately landed, and took pos- 
•f the fort ; and I have the satis- 
to inform you, that just at that 
ttoolentthe French Genera IJamelle ar- 
rived at tbe Landroosts, from Bugtenzorg, 
9aA was made our prisoner, together with 
jn AideHde*Camp of Gen. jansens, and a 
' ito e ii t'e m it of infantry. — From the French 
'^^aer^ I learned that he left Bugten- 
tctf^ tfte night before our troops arrived 
tbe% and raat detachlnents of the Eue- 
Wf ^irenr on ttieir march from tliat place 
t» thia, about 300 infantry and 250 ca- 
nSry of which were houriy expected to 
Mme'st this place; I therefore imme- 
§>tftj Ittfided 150 seamen to garrison 
aniKefisnd the fort of Cheribon, leaving 
tf tfentarinea to act offensively against 
the Ibfmnj in the l&»>ld, if occasion i^houid 
reqnkre H^ and placed three laun^-hes with 
« arjo»m y hi the river to enfilade the two 
f fcl af M JB^ uJi Ches to the fort. 

Rm lolidw Capt. Beavr^ letter to 
tW 1IM6& Commandant at Cheribon, 
namiAi$ him to surrender ; a list of 
"^ '^^ ^Ib surrendered ; and a return of 
^"^)tiMts, and Ammunition, found 




Mtf^oft at Cherthon. 



Mao. Feifruarv, 181S^ 

10 



Then fbltow two letters to the Admi« 
ral from Cape Beaver, and two from 
Capt. Welchman, of the Royal MarineSy 
who commanded the party ^ in which 
Capt W. detaib his success, in soenrin|p 
the whole of the storehouses at Carang 
Sambang, but was not yet able <o aseefu 
tain the content:^ of any except the soff ea 
stores, viz. S9,000 priols of coffee, Tidiml 
. at 230,060 Spanish dollafs.'' » 

A List of Prisoners follows | as also tf 
Arms taken.] ? 

Extract of a letter from Capt. Beaftsr to 
the Admiral, dated oti board the Kistnl^ 
off Gabbang, Sept. n. • 

The last party of marines TCt ut Be fl 
from Carang Sambang late last nightL and 
were embarked on board the Nisus at 0»^ 
i^ts morning. 1 have -thus re-embat%«<l 
every seaman and «ttr)ne of (he 339 
whom I landed on the 4th Inst.; after 
having made about 700- f risoners, |#- 
cluding pne General, two Lietitena«it«cO« 
lonels, one Major, 11 Capteins. 4t Llotf- 
tenants, and about 180 non-<sammissioneil 
officers and privates,' Snropeans^ the 
rest he'w^ Creoles add Malays, withooC 
having had a single man either killed «r 
wounded, and jrifh very few sick indeed. 
At four { weighed with the Phosbe and 
Wyndbam transports for Togal, and at 
day-light was joined by the Harper, which 
I took under my orders. 

Extract of a letter from Capt. Hillyar 
to the Admiral, dated from the Phciiye« 
Ta^gall Roads, Sept 1«. 

I tins morning, on arrtvkig off Taggalt, 
sent a summons to the officers ^eommand* 
ing the fort, a copy of which I enotosr^ 
with the reply. On rei^eiving the answer 
I landed, accompanied by Maj.'DavieS, 
with 90 Sepoys, and the marines and 
boats crews of the ship. We took pos- 
session of the fort without opposition, and 
a detachment wa| immediately sent off, 
to secure rhe Government stores, about 
five miles distance. They weee l^und 
capacious and well filled wkh eoMee, riee». 
and pepper.-- 1 hate complied with the 
request of Mnjbr Da vies, and landed 
about 250 Sepoys^ but they have suohm 
quantity of baggage, that my boats are 
not yet returned from performing tfbe ser* 
▼ice. I propose sailing before day-light, 
to execute the remainder of mv ordtrs. 

[Then follows Capt. Hillyar's letter, 
dated T'bcebe, off Taggall, Sept 13, sntt« 
moning the Governor of Taggall to 8or« 
render, with his (Denis Land Dhost) an« 
^wer of same date, refusing io deh^eriip 
the stores. 

Hore follow3 a letter from Adm. Stop- 
ford to Mr. CrOker, dated firom the 8ei« 
pion, off Surabaya, Sept. 29, and eH* 
closing cbpies of Capt Harris's reperts 4/ 
his proceedings at Skmanap aod tbe^istend 
ef Madura, j 



170 Interesting Intelligence from the London Gazettes. [Feb. 



Eijtract finom Capt. Harris's letter to 
Cbe . Admiral, dattid Fort of Samanap, 
Sept 1. 

Sir, On the night of the 29tfa of Aaguft, 
the boats of his Majesty's ships Sir Fran- 
cis Drake and Phaeton, iefitbe anchorage 
under the Isle of Pondock, in two divi« 
•Aions, the one led by Capt. Pellew, the 
.4>ther by myself. I previously dispatched 
the Dasher round the S«uth end of Pulo 
J Lanjong, to gain an anchorage as near 
the Fort of Samanap as' possible : by day- 
'light^ on the 30Ui, the boats sailed 
llMroiigh the channel, formed by the East 
end of Madura, and J Lanjong, and at 
•half paat 12 effiscted a landing (without 
discovery) at a pier head, about 3 miles 
firdm the fort* This landing, although 
4il&cnlt, from its being rocky and low wa- 
ter, which piev^Med the boats from com- 
ing near the pier, was soon accomplished, 
-and, at half i^ast one, two columns, com- 
-poted of 60 bayonets, 20 pikemen, each 
ianked by a 12, 4, and 2-pounder field- 
piece, having in reserve the hussar's ma- 
rines, began their nmreh, in the utmost 
.orders towards the fortj the silence during 
our progress was so rigidly observed, 
that, notwithstanding the Governor having 
intimatioD of the Dasher having weighed 
and standing in for the harbour, and boats 
.were seen standing in for the harbour and 
tower, the fort did uot discover our approach 
•until -we were through the outer gate, 
which was open. The gallantry of the 
rush at the inner gate, prevented them 
from scouring it, and only allowed time 
for two or three guns on the South-west 
bastion to be fired : the storm was as sud- 
den as it was resolute, and we became .mas- 
ters of the fort by half past 3 o'clock, after 
A feeble struggle of 10 minutes, by three 
or four hundred iVIadura pikemen, who, 
with their chit* fs, were made prisoners on 
the ramparts. — On the appearance of 
daylight, observing the French colours 
fiying on a fiag-staff at the £atit i-nd of 
the town, and perceiving the natives be- 
> l^n to assemble in numbers, I sent Capt. 
. Pellew with a column of 100 bayonets and 
•ne fields-piece, with a fiag of truce, re- 
< questing the Goveriior would surrender in 
-10 jacunutes, and that private property 
ahould be respected. — To my utter asto- 
nishment 1 received a most insulting an- 
•ffwer, reqviiring me in thro^ hours to eva- 
.€iiate the fort, or he (the Goveroor) wouUl 
• filurm it; and at the ^ame time Capt. 
-Pellew sent Mr. Olfhinxoo to inform me 
^their forae appeared about 2000 strong, 
protected by four field-pieces in their 
. front, on a bridge possessing every ad- 
. Tantage of situation, the column having 
-49 advance alon|p-|U> even and straight road 
^ for A quarter of a mile before they could 
j[orca the bfi^^fc* 1 did not hesitate, but 
to ray companion in arms, aud as- 



sistant in advice, Capt. Pellew, to ad- 
vance when the first gun was fired from a 
column I should lead out of the ibrt ; and 
that I should take a route that would tnm 
the Enemy's left wing. This had the der 
sired effect, for on their seeing my party 
advancing, they drew off two field-pieces, 
and broke their line to oppose us. — I led 
70 small-arm and 20 pikemen belonging 
to the Sir Francis Drake and Dasher, 
supported by a 4- pounder field -pieoe» 
into action, leaving a reserve of 40 or 6Q 
men in the fort. On our near approach 
the Enemy gave way, and a most ani- 
mated and {spirited charge made their 
flight and defeat complete, and we were 
left masters of the field, colours, and 
guns. The Governor and other Dutch hi- 
habitants were made prisoners; and f ae^ 
cepted of a flag of truce from tne Rajah 
of iiamanap, who was present, under 
conditions, that all the inbabiUnU af his 
district should not aim themselves agam^ 
usagain. — [Capt.H.then proceeds Co praise 
the conduct of the officers and men em- 
ployed.] One instauce 1 cannot omit 
noticing: the c uduct of Lieut Roch, of 
the Royal Marines, belonging to his Ma- 
jesty's ship the Sir Francis Drake, wfkl' 
was speared twice by two Natives when re- 
solutely endeavouring to wrest the co^na 
out of the bands of a French office?^* who 
was killed in the fray. — I now bavetore* 
gret the necessity of subjoining an accoont 
of killed and wounded of the four ships ; 
in which, when I consider the strength of 
the fort, and the numbers opposed to l^.i 
on the morning of the 30tfi, in stormSb^ 
the town, I deem ourselves particnlaHw- 
fortunaie. The fort is a regular fbrtificf^* 
tioii, mounting 16 6-pounders. Hie Go- 
vernor acknowledges to have had In t)ie 
field 300 muskets, 60 artillery-men, ^gO, 
from 1300 to 2000 pike-men, armed wi& 
long pikes, a pistol, and a crees e 
The Enemy suffered considerably ; 
field was covered with their dead. I 
derstand the Commander in Chief of 
Natives (second in rank to the St^..,- 
nap), and his two sons, were slaiiU'^-^lj^ 
the hurry and confusion of writing, I,Kcm(^ 
got to menticin a battery of 12 9-ppnndaEt» 
that protected the mouth of the rifely 
which was destroyed by a column nnniM 
tlie command of Lieut. Roch, in the 63i 
of the Enemy, whilst Capt Pellew wms 
negocialing with the Governor. 

Total— 3 killed, 28 wounded. 

Extract of another Letter from Cnfit. 
J.afTis to the Admiral, dated Bancalaar, 
Island Madura, Sept. 13. 

It is with sincere pleasure I can atlenj^th 
announce the total Overthrow of the French 
authority on Madura and adjacent isle«. 
The fort of Bancalang was taken posses- 
sion of by the Sultan of Madura on l]^ 
1 0th instant, aud British colours b^Uted. 

Ihc 




HI 2.] Inieresttng Intelligencefrcm the London Gazettes. 171 




Hit French GovenKit and all tbe Dutch 
jj^bitenta are prisoners on board ehe 
DkfiEie, At tlii» moment there is not a 
tipi ftti or Dutchman on the island ; and 
im «UQo isplnpted on the three districts 
lbica1«ag» bamanap^ and Pamacassam. 
titte thoi:^ht proper to leave the Sama> 
W dtitriet in charge of Mr. Brown (lata 
IpMer of the Modeste), and proceed hi- 
toy tfaat J may be at the principal seat 
liforenunent, in case of French intrigues 
Ipiesflronring to mar all that has been 
mti dhiriDg the last 10 days : two Colo- 
wL one i4eotenant-colonel, and three 
•r tb«r Oiptains, all Princes of th^ blood, 
iISi lirom 2 to 3000 Maduries, hare come 
MUr lioiii Socnrabaya. llie Prefect can- 
ity kcep' a man byhim^ such an effect 
lifk the revolntion of this island had.— It 
hjftf intention to request a garrison for 
jftaacalang (which is very complete) 
Itbelirigates in the offing; and I ^hall 
ns the commanding officer without 
.—The Sultan promises 4000 men to 
iBtt Sourabaya, but having only 
here an honr since, I am cautious 
^*agjCcptiog his offers, and tell him to 
theo;^ ready to protect his island. 
dsy or two I shall be a better judge, 
with the advice and assistance of 
a dash can be made at Mrt 
holdback, it shall be done. 

of a farther Letter from Capt. 
to the Admiral, dated Bancalang, 
Mi 13,. 10 p. nv 

^ Plte my having the hononr of address- 
m this morning, with the assistance 
lladuries, there has been captured 
24-pouuder8, battering cannon, 
going to Sourabaya : 1 shall use 
t» form two batteries facing Fort 
1 Sourabaya, that the pass at ei- 
f'tptraoce may be effectually blocked 
' X am convinced the Enemy are 
both Gressio and Sourabaya as 
tm thiM will permit them to do, 
wiH eventually fall back to 
tj # ift hiil object to procrastinate the 
tjljhiijnwtinder of Java iMtil the wet mon- 
in; and it is said he had in- 
to retreat even to Samanap ; but 
■leasore 1 will take care he shall 
; there is nOt a Maduries 
tto end of Java in the service of 
ii 300 and a Major have joined 
4t ^j)i|prJtlie nmming ; the only number 
« tiltift I ksow to be now in arms is at 
S«nnMitr; under the command ofithe 
U^H son of Samanap, about 3000 ; I 
bflifff they have been recalled, and 
^Nitfl ^adly escape if conveyance could 
Hj<iTwl them. If he has received the 
1 sent him raa^y days since, I 
fioi wonder if his army came in 
at ad events you may de* 
,^Vfr laying down their arms pre* 
t6e attack of Samaran^, 





Jan. 31. This Gazette contains a bo«. 
tice from the Foreign Office, that the 
Prince Regent has caused it to be signified 
to the Ministers of Friendly Powers re«v 
siding at this Court, that measures have 
been taken for the blockade of the iilanda 
of Corfu, Fano, and Paxo ; and that of 
Perga on the coast of Albania.— it also 
contains a letter from Capt. Taylor, of hi* 
Majesty's ship Apollo, stating the cap« 
ture of the £douard French Polacre of 14 
guns and 123 men. 

Downing'Street, Jan. 25. Dispatches 
from Maj.-gen. Cooke, addressed to tb« 
Earl of Liverpool. 

My Lord, Cadiz, Dec. 29, 181 U 
I beg leave to refer your Lordship to 
the copy of my last dispatch to Gen. Lont 
Viscoupt Wellington, with the papers en* 
closed in it, relative to the situation of a£r 
fairs at Tarifa. 1 1 have not received any 
thing since the 24th, at which date the 
French had not brought up their artillery | 
and there has been so much rain during 
the last two days, that they may have 
met with great difficulties. 

Geo,'Cookb, Major-generaL 
To the Earl o/Liverpvol, i^c. 

Extract of a Letter from Maj.-gen* 
Cooke to Viscount Wellington, dated Ca- 
diz, Dec. 27. 

I have the honour to transmit copies 
of dispatches from Col. Skerrett, to the 
date of the 24th. The Enemy's troops, in 
addition to those employed iomiediately 
against Tarifa, extended across the plain 
to Veger, where Marshal Victor had hit 
quarters with a strong corps. •J do not 
learn any thing of Gen. Ballasteros since 
my last. T<irifa, Dec. 24. 

Sir, I have the honour to report that, 
on the 20th inst. the Enemy invested this 
town with from 4 to 6000 infantry, and 
from 2 to 300 cavalry. As it was not ad-? 
visable to fight so superior a force, I re- 
sisted him for an hour with the cavalry 
and infantry, Spanish and British pic- 
quets of the garrison, reinforced by a 
company of the 95th, and two 6.pounder 
field guns of Capt. Hughes's brigaide. On 
the 21st, Capt Wren, of the 11th, de. 
stroyed, with his company, a small ipio> 
quet of the Enemy. The 22d I made a 
sortie at the request of Gen. Copons, and 
in conjunction with his troops, with the 
intention to ascertain the numbers of the 
Enemy, by inducing him to shew his co* 
lumns. His light troops suffered consi- 
derably from our shells. The Enemy is 
now making his approaches at a long 
musket shot from the town: but the 
ground so completely commands us, and 
is so favourable to him, that our smaU 
guns have little or no effect open him. 

J. B. Skbrr£tt, CoL 
To Major-general Qookcf ^c. ^c, ^c. 

My 



IT9 Ini&eiimg IntM^ence from ike Lonion Guctt^ [Feb. 



• Bfy Lord, CWA>, t>tc. 31. 

' T )iaV« remred a dit patcti from Col. 
•kerrett, dated yesterday, of whicfc i en- 
done a copy. It appears that the Enemy 
Ikad tmm^g^ht up fotir l6-poim<1er8 and 
iome howitzers, aitd had opened their fire 
Against the wall on the 29ih. The Rhip- 
• inix had t>een driren away by the gates of 
wi«d, Ge6- Cooke, Maj.-RentTal. 

The Earl qfLherpoal, SCr. Bfc. iCc, 

8iT, Tarifii, Dec. 30. 

In my last I had the honour to state, 
that the Enemy had hfivested this town on 
•he COth instant; «ince which period he 
hat rapidly carried on a regular parallel 
and approach against the wall of the town, 
which I consider as ddng nrmch honour to 
the garrison. 1 have aereral times found 
^ necesnry to drive back the Enemy's 
advance, and to intemipt hi« wfuiis, in 
vhieh we have met with a «li^ht 1osi<, and 
Ihe Enemy, from being ex|io»ed to the 
fere of the few small guns we |>os«e&8 on 
the towers, has imfl^red considerably. It 
was only on these occasions that we ma- 
terially annoyed the Enemy ; fr>r the wall 
of the town is so completely conmianded, 
that, in a few hours work, he has every 
where much better cover than ourselves. 
The Enemy yesterday opened their ftre at 
halfpait 10, and contimied to batter iu 
breach at a distance of about 300 yards, 
trllb fonr French 16 pounders ou the East 
Wall, near the Retiro gate, and ibur how- 
itzers and other small pieces playing on 
tiie island and causeway. He continued 
li conatant fire untH night, the first and 
each shot passing through the wall, and 
through some of the houses in the rear of 
It Before night a practicable breach was 
effected. Hetbis day continued to widen 
the breach, and, 1 Imagine, will n<rt lit- 
tenpt the assault nn^ it if extended to 
tiie tower on each fiank {a apace of about 
40 jTBTds). I have traversed the straeta, 
and token the only measure by which 
•berets a chance of preserving the place"* 
that d( defendrng the hoosea. 1'be £ne- 
Siy^a forces employed >n the aiege is stated 
M 10,000; -probably thia is in soofie de- 
gree exaggerated. A constant fire of 
imisketry is exchanged. I have particn- 
larly to regret the toss of the service -of 
I«ieiit. Ooanter, D«puty AssiH^ant Quar- 
^r M^ter Oeneral, a very tnreU'geut and 
brave (rfficcr, who is aeverely wounded. 
Knclost^ is a rbtiird of killed and wounded 
tince tny last. 

1 have, &c. J, 6. SvERarrr, Cot 

Olpt. IX>naghne, acting Aide-de-camp, 
knd Lieut. De Burgb, both of the <2d batt. 
l|7th regiment, ware atightly wounded; 
as were 32 privates; | priv«te killed, and 
1 1 4ion»e9 wounded. 

The following is an extisot of a Dis- 
patch 'firom CoL Green, employed npon 
» ^aft'wrtir aewrioe nm Catahmia ; 



Berga, Nov t mher 27, 
i -have the faononr lo repott to jrou tlM 
progressive state of iaii)>ro«en!iait of n#- 
fiiUrs in this province, wiricb is vea^ |pre«t* 
considering the very few means Mkrrw ave 
to assist it, in addition to the very excel* 
lent incliaations' of the p«iblicl(. The Kae* 
wy has not aagnicated ius force ia lisiB 
prcnoipality, having only replaced the 
casualttes : and thetv^ia little <fiilwveace m 
the operations, excepting that there ia a 
smaM iyiug oorps of IMX) men, which ia 
increased to 3 or 4000 men, or decreaaad, 
according to circnmstaaeet, Irara tbe gar* 
riaoa dT Barcelona. Thia ctrcuBHtmsoa 
occasions the towns of Mauro and Vil* 
larcnva, and others ontbecoaat, to be- 
come more precarious; but, as aH the ex* 
eiiraioua of the Enemy eoai them wamvf 
men, it is to be aupposed that they caanot 
continue thia warfare lof||^ witboat ex* 
posing their force lo be ont off, m 
nearly happened a few daya sinoe at 
taro, by the Baroa d*£iaiea division. Tba 
siege of the Medas Islaad iaalaa aa •coq* 
pation of the Enemy ; but 4 am happy ta 
learn, that there vae ao a ppid w si ow far 
its security. The news from jArra^aa ia 
very fovonrable$ the entire deleat olj 
1000 men at Caiatayud, by the Eapeei. 
^ado, is c an ftmsed ; aad, in additioti to 
the confitvoation of various amaM and ano- 
oessfol actions of Mina, near Zarafoea, 
there is ateoag reason «a believe « repavt, 
that he has lately atta^ed Wd roamed 
6000 recmits or icansonpta, near G^a« 
roaao. The French ibi«e ia ArragOD «t 
preaent ia very anaM, Qeo. Sacbei \mvknfg) 
almoat drained it to auppon bimin Tales- 
cia, ao that there ia reason to soppoaey 
from every infonnation, that there doea 
not exiat mo#e than very vea|(<garriaofia 
in Zaragoza, Daroea, aad #aca, and ia 
those poin^ abaolately naoessary far caow 
muaication. 

Dispateh ad dro medta the Ca«l af Lt-t 
verpool, by Lieat-gen, P. MaMaad. } 
[Ueut,-gea. Maitlaod*a latter b dated 
Bf easioa, Mov. M, and autesthat, i M w im 
received ialimDalion f»oaa Caat. Dnocna, 
of the I mper i cu ae, that a aaiatl eonaoy of 
the Enemy, cuasiating of nine ^n-boata 
and 20 merchant veaaela, laden with na- 
val stovea, <bad taken redage at Paltpuro, 
where it was protected by «ome woilia and 
a •body of troopa po<itad vpoo a coamiaad* 
iag gfooad, a detachment of troops eia* 
barked to co-operate with tba Impericase 
andThameaki'deatrayflB; it. Gen. Ilait^ 
land conchidea with exprasting a high opi- 
nion of the intrepidity and judgment pC 
Maj. Darley, who reports that the auccaaa 
af the enterprise was cnsitfed by the gifU 
lantry with which Capt. Daacan attacked 
the batteriea, aad the noble example of 
CapL Napier^ wha boided with troops anf 
Hiarinet.] %af^ 



r. 



■ 't 



• - 



'4^ 



1 8 12.] Interesting Intelligence frpm the London Gazettes. 175 

Sir, MeUizz9, Now, 8. tou will evcuse any inacoaracy that may- 
la I'xnnpttaace wiA your detnre, 1 be^ hav« egcaped ray pen m tfait very hasty 
l^re to traDsrait a statement of the Ene- sketch, and heg leave io ad4> that we em* 
■ly's forces at Palinuro, under the com- barked Sn the afternoon of the 3d inst. 
inand of Gen. Pijroatelli Cercero, toge- without moUstatlon* being covered by the 
ther .with a brier necouat of the action fire of bis Majesty *ii ships the lipperieuse 
that took place iijion Qur landing. The and Thames. 

force we had to fnatend with, as far as £dw. J)AiLLMr, Major 63, commanding 
QC»u1d be scrutinized into from the ques- a detachment of 62d regiment, 
tif^ning of prisoners, &c. were as follows : 'Th Maj.-gen. fferon^ SCc, 
three companies of the 2d or Queen's re- Captain Oldham, severely wounded; 
^iuK.*nt, two of which were rifle, and Lieut. Ray,. ditto, since dead ; 2 rank and 
amoanting to 350 men; Corsican regu- file, killed; 1 serjeant, 1 drummer, 5 
lars, 60 } artillery, 45 -, civic guard, 80 ; rank and file^ wounued. 
with it least 400 ptasantry, jarmed as ■ 
hght troops, and particularly serviceable • [A letter from Capt. Griffiths, of th© 
over the kind of ground they had to act ; Leonidas, states the capture, on the 17th 
thereby making the total amount 935 inst. of the ConBance French privateer, 
men. This fi'rct was acknowledged; but of 14 guns (thrown overboard during the 
from the reiflfurcements known to be con- chace), and ^8 men, by the Dasher sloop, 
tinually accumulating, the Enemy are after she bad been chased by the Leoni- 
snpposed to have been stronger. I dis- das. The privateer was from St. Maloes, 
embarked with 50 of the royal marines, and was, when discovered, on the point of 
the grenadiers and skirmishers of the ^^^ boarding two merchant vessels.] 
jegimentj at about half past 3 o*clock, ■ 
p. ni, on the 1st inst. leaving Capts. Pollock [The following U an abstract of the de- 
a^ Irving^s companies to follow. Upon tails of the siege of Ciudad Rodrigo, and of 
landing, I iounediately commenced a&« the movements of Oen. Hill's corps, which 
tending the heights, when Capt. Oldham were published in the Gazette of Jan. 28, 
was unfortunately severely wounded; and and which our limits compel ns to post« 
after some firing, in the hope of opposing pone till pur next number : 
our progress, we completely succeeded in Downing-streel^ Jaru 27. A Digftatch 
gaining them ; whereupon 1 threw out my is received from Lord Wellington, dated 
fkirmishers, and formed the remainder to Gallegos, 9ib Jan.—- His Lordship in- 
advance ^ upon the Enemy, reserving a vested Ciudad Rodrigo on the 8th. . The 
part to attack (and storm, if possible) the Enemy had increased the difficulty of ap« 
tialegraph tower, and another division to proaching the place by a strong redoubt 
k^ep in check the Enemy, who menaced constructed on the hill of St. Francisco, 
my left, as also to maintain the com- It was necessary to attempt to take it : 
inanding position on the heights. The te^ it was stormed on the night of the 8th, by 
If^caph tower, and fine adjacent position, a detachment of the light division, led by 



shortly got possession of; when my Lieut-col. Colbourne. The work was 

ftMention was particularly drawn towards earned in the most brilliant manner, anfl 

the front of our advance, where the Ene: all the garrison either killed or taken« 

ay had concentrated his main force, and. Our loss was only six men killed ; Capt. 

under a heavy fire, was en;ieavouring to ^in, and Lieut Woodgale of the 52d, 

focce his way to the heights, huzzaing ^nd Lieut Hawkesley of the 95th, with 

and drumming as he advanced, while his 14 men wounded — By this success Lord 

rifieman had the same object in view on Wellington has been enabled to break 

CMirleft; but. the steadiness and superiorly ground within 60 yards of the place, the 

gallant conduct of the officers and men redoubt of St. Francisco being converted 

defied the .most dfiring intrepidity; and, into a part of our fust parallel.— -Gen. Hill 

jifter allowing the Enemy to advance within entered Merida on the 30th Dec He had 

* a very few yaids, and whilst coolly lying hoped to surprise Gen. Dombrouski, but 

on the ground to receive him, like British his approach was discovered by a patrole. 

sokUers, the Enemy was charged, and The French General retreated from Me- 

roiited most completely ^ when ended the rida, leaving magazines of bread and 

action* without his having the temerity to wheat, and some unfinished works. On 

cenew it again. About this period 1 had the 1st, Gen. Hill marched to attack 

tolameiittbe severe loss of Lieut Kay, Drouet's corps d*armee, at Almendralejo; 

82d, who was gallantly fighting his iikir- but the Enemy retreated to Zafra, aban* 

mishers; and sh|()rtly after, Lietit Popon, doning 450,000 pounds of wheat, &c.-^ 

dpf the. royal marines. The loss of the On the 3d a detachment ofour cavalry beat 

Cnemy U supposed to be betwef*n 60 and a body of the Enemy's horse at Fuente del 

90 in killed and wounded ; but I am ra- Maestre, taking 2 officers and 30 men pri- 

ther -ioictinf^d to, imagine it mor^. Lieut.- soners. Gen. Drouet retreating to Llerena.* 

col. Matsciola was severely wounded. Gen. Hill found it useless to pursue him, 

pth liUle hopes of recovery, \ hope. Sir. aod returned ou the ^th Jso^ to Merida.] 

■ ^ INTJBiU 



[ 174 ] 



INTERESTING NAVAL INTELLIGENCE. 



Jifarrattve hf a Person on-hoardthe Grasshop* 
per, qf the circumstances attending the Loss 
•/* that Vessel and the Hero. {Seepage 73.) 
"On Wednesday Dec. IS, 1811, we 
failed from Wingo Sound, in company 
with bis Majesty*8 ships Hero, Efceria, 
and Princtf William armed ship, with a 
convoy of 120 sail orapwards. The Ege- 
rea and Prince William, with the greatest 
part of the convoy, separated from us, in 
the tremendous weather we bad shortly 
aftervleaving the Sleeve ; and on the 23d, 
we found ourselves in company with the 
Hero, »nd about eighteen sail, mostly all 
Government transports. At half-past 
eleven on that day. Captain Newman 
made signal to come within hail ; when he 
told us, as he conceived we were near 
about the Silver Pitts, he shoilld steer S. 
W. after noon, which was accordingly 
done: and at the ^ close of the day, we 
iteering that course, running at the rate of 
nine knots per hour, at about ten o'clock, 
the night-signal was made to alter course 
to port two points, which was repeated by 
us. At this time only^ur of the couvoy 
were in sight, and they were shortly lost 
Bight of in the heavy squall of suow and 
fl^et At half-past three the hands were 
turned up, ^ the ship being in broken 
water : we found we were on a suad-Oank, 
the pilots imagining it to I>e Smith's Knoll. 
The Captain instantly ordered the brig to 
be steered S. S. E. thinking to get out to 
sea'; but she continued strikiiig so hard 
for & length of time, that we had almost 
given her up for lost, when suddenly, 
and very fortunately, we fell into three 
feihoms Water, upon which the Captain 
caused an anchor to be let go, when we 
perceived the Hero again (as we then 
tbought)also at an anchor, though she fired 
several guns and burnt blue lights : but, 
alas ! when the day broke, we bad the 
mortiBcation of witnt^«sing a most horrible 
aceue. The Hero wai totally dismasted, 
and on her larboardbeam-ends, with her 
bead to the North East about a mile 
from us, upon the Haeck'i Sand, as we 
then found we were inside of it, off the 
Texel Inland; the ship's company were 
all crowded together on the p^op and fore- 
castle. As soon as day-light had well ap- 
pealed, sbe hoisted a flag of truce and fired 
a gun, which we repeated, and very 
shortly after saw a lugger, two brigs, and 
several small vessels, plying out of the 
Texel to our assisiauct ; but owing to the 
flood-tide having made, and the wind 
blowing a perfect gale at N. N. W. the 
lugger was only able to come within two 
or three miles of us by two o'clock in the 
afternoon. In the mean time we hoisted 
out our boats, and made an attempt to get 
Dear the Hero ; but the surf was so high, 
that it was aU loi^ffectua!^ and we were 



under the cruel necessity of seeing 99 
many of our brave countrymen perishing,' 
without behig able to render them any as- 
sistance. The Grasshopper at the Same 
time was constantly strUiing very hard, 
though every thing had been thrown over* 
board to lighten her, except the guns, 
upon tvhich it was feared she would have 
bilged. The Master was then sent to 
sound in every direction, for a passage to 
make our escape by (though I have since 
fouad out, that an escape was tetany im- 
poss'ole) -y but Quarter less three, and two 
faiboms and a half, were the only sound* 
ings he could meet with. Tlie Captain, 
therefore, with the opinion of the oncers, 
agreed, that we bad no chance of saving 
ourselves but by^ surrendering to the 
Enemy, who were at this time, as I have 
before mentioned, commg to our assis- 
tance, . and that of the Hero, frotn whose 
wreck, 1 am sorry to say, not one soul 
has been saved. I observed, likewise, 
about five miles to the Northward of us, a 
vessel on shore, with- her foremast stand* 
ing, and another some distance firom b^r, 
both of which I took to be th^ transports 
that were uudcr Qur couvoy. The com- 
manding officer here has since informed us, 
that the telegraph has reported that eight 
or ten vessels were wrecked upon the coast 
to the Northward, on the !23d instant, and 
had shared the fate of the poor Hero. A 
transport, called the Archimedes, beat 
over the Haecks as well as ourselves, with 
the loss of her rudder ; but has since been 
' wrecked, though the crew are saved, and 
now prisoners of war, as well as we. Al 
close of day, finding the weather threaten- 
ing to be worse, and the brig striking so 
repeatedly, we cut the cable and ran fof 
the port in view : when we approached the 
lugger, which wfts by this time anchored^ 
she sent a pilot to us, wbo took os into the 
Texel, where we surrendered to the Dutch 
squadron, under the command of Admiral 
de Wm^er, who, I must m justice say, has 
behaved t(^ 'js \\\ ihe most humane and at- 
tent-vi njaap. r They also used every 
means in their power to save the crew of 
the unfortunate Hero; but the badness of 
the weather rendered it totally impossible. 
We lost but one man, Mr. King, the pilot, 
who was kilted by a capstem bar which 
flew out as we were heaving in cable Mi 
put service in the hawse." 

Accounts from i>mi7i?g,Jan. 6, by an 
Anhoil Mail, State the following particulars 
of the shipwrecks of the St. George and 
Defence (see page 74) : ** There were od 
more than eleven men sav^il of the crew of 
the St. George, as the twelfth died before 
he could' be brought into a house. Hiese 
seamem state, that the ship, previous to 
the loss of her masts, had likewise had her 
rudder broke)!' by stdkin|[ on the Redi. 

sand* 



1812.] Particvhrs of the hU dreadful Shipwrecks. 175 



•and ; and the one which was made on board 
to replace it, was too weak to steer and 
govern the ship, in a gale of wind in the 
I^N-tb Sea, and which might, probably, 
cause the sbip^s 8to(^fing. — The Defence 
first took the ground ; and on signal being 
givea by her of the accident, the St. 
George immediately let go her anchor, Lut 
in bringmg up with the anchor she took the 
^oand abaft, so that her forepart, which 
liad deeper water, and was confined down 
by the cable, was, in a short time, under 
water. To save them by boats and craft 
from the shore was impossible. Such as 
were hoisted out were immediately driven 
from the ship, with the tixceptioa of one 
single boat, in which about 20 men at- 
tempted to save themselves, but it upset 
alongside the ship, and they were all 
drowned. On the afternoon of Christmas- 
day, when the last of the eleven men left 
the ship, on a small piece of piank, Ad- 
miral Reynolds and Captain Guioo, the 
Commander of the ship, were lying dead 
aside each other, upon the quarter-deck, 
as w^re also about ^08 men of the crew, 
who bad died through fatigue and cold, 
• ai^l from the sea breaking over thorn ; 
only about fifty men remaining still alive, 
wbosecries were only beard until it became 
dark, when it is to be hoped that an end 
was put to their misery. Two days after* 
wanb, when the gale was abated, and the 
wind, being Easterly, was off (he shore, a 
Banish boat, with two of the English sailors, 
went on board to bring away the corpses of 
Mie Admiral, the Captain, and several 
other persons ', but they found the deck 
waa washed away by tlie sea, with all the 
bodies lying on it. Ir is supposed the ship 
must now be broken right athwart, although 
both ends of her are still perceptible, and 
that it most be the ammunition lying in the 
bottom, which holds her together.. Among 
the ship's crew, which is said to have been 
DO moie than 730, about 40 were reck- 
oned in the class of officers ; and of these* 
ex«lusa?e of the Admiral and Captain, teu 
were Lieutenants, one Secretary, one Cap- 
tain, and three Lieutenants of Marines. 
The Secretary, who was a married man, 
was half dead when he came on shore, and 
eipired immediately after. A quantity of 
gold coins found npon hia person, such as 
whole and half guineas, Dutch Ducats, 
^ and likewise jsome l%ogli>>b Bank-notes, 
is, so far as yet known, all the mrmKy savt.'d. 
According to the report given by ibe sur- 
vivors, the AdoMral must have been a 
must gallant man. He would i^ot quit his 
ship, but died on board her. He ' wsa a 
widower, aud has left two daughters behind 
■ him, and a son, who is a Captain. — A great 
. nimiber of dead bodies have been driven 
OA shore between Uausbye and, Nessum, 
. all of which were interred with military 
boaours. 47 barrels of gunpowder have 
been saved out of the Defence," 



Dispatches from Admural Legge, at 
Cadiz, dated 30th Dec. contain an account 
of the loss of the^phira brig» of 14 gtfns, 
on the 95th, in Cadiz harbour, by striking 
on the Porpoises reef. The crew were aU 
saved. 

French papers have brought intelligeace 
of the loss of another British ship of war^ 
the Manilla, of 56 guns, Capt. Joyce, on 
the Haak Sand, on the night of Jan. 23^ 
The crew, excepting 12, who were -killed 
by an explosion, were, saved. The parti- 
culars of this distrtissing event will be 
found in the following letters addressed 
by Adm. De Winter to the French Minis- 
ter of Marine : 

*' Texstl, Jan. 31. The fishing-boats^ 
&c. which set out at day-break of the 
29th inst. to the assistance of the vessel 
shipwrecked upon the Haak, approached 
her; but at a cable's distance the sea was 
so strong, and the sands had collected to 
such a degree, that the boats struck vio- 
lently upon them, and iomiediately the 
row-boats became useless | nevertheless 
the chief pilot, Daynheer, risked the sa- 
crificing of his life to save some men, and 
ventured on the shallows and sunken 
rocks, whilst the English, having made a 
raft, by tying empty barrels together, lei 
it down. This bold measure placed Duyn- 
heer in a situation to receive 35 men, all 
sailors, and two pilots. This pilot's boat 
was already half filled with water, and it 
was with difficulty she withdrew from so 
critical a situation. One of the Enegiy'a 
sailors expired in the boat, and two are 
dangerously wounded. This position bio- 
dering them acting on either side, ou 
boats retired. On the 30th in the morn- 
ing, it blowing from the Southward very 
fresh, the frigate again began to fire, and 
the fishing- boats,&c.retuiTied to renew tneir 
efforts.— -The vessel proves to the Manilla 
frigate, of 42 guns an j 250 o^n* She svrucK 
upon the Haak at seven at night of the 
28th of January, when the Capt. endea- 
voured to have an anchor carried out, but 
did not succeed, and lost in attempting it 
five boats and 36 men. The 34 prisopers 
are marched for Amsterdam."— " F<?A« 
1. The boats have succeeded in saving 
all the people on board the frigate, 
amounting to between 170 and 180 men. 
I shall order them to proceed directly to 
Am»!terdam. Three of the five boats be- 
longing to this frigate, supposed to have 
been lost in carrying out an anchor, have 
arrived upon I'exel Island with some men. 
A small part only of the prisoners' cloaths 
has been saved, it being with considerable 
difficulty that the crew were taken off. | 
beg to place imder the observatian of yoHr 
Excellency the exemplary conduct ci 
Lieut. Jacob, who commanded pilot* 
Duynheer's boat, which executed th^ 
bold manmuvre I stated yesterday. ^1 
the prisoners oyerwhelm him with their 

grati- 



176 Interesting InteUigence retatvo^ to the British Navy. [FeU. 



gratitude) and declare tb&t tie attempted 
iin almott impoMibilitjr, with the greatest 
risk of perisfaing himself to save 35 men, 
trhiefa be accomplished.'*^— By a later ad* 
count bnoagfat by a British vessel, obi/ 
six are said to have perished. 

Accounts were received at the Admi- 
ralty, Feb. 10, of the Ltmrel frigate, 
Capt. S. C. Rowley, having been unfbr- 
timately lost in Qtiiberon Bay, by striking 
6n a sunken rock. No lives have been 
lost, but 70 were taken prisoners hy the 
Enemy. Every assistance was afforded 
by the boats of the Royal Oak, Capt. 
Malcolm, and the other men of war in 
company. The Laurel was a new frignte, 
brought froni Flushing, and had been 
completed only during last summer at 
Woolwich.. 
Extract qf a Letter from an Officer of the 

JLaurelt dated Plymovth Dockj Feb. 8. 

** We had for the last five weeks been 
employed blockading four line of battle 
ships in the port of L'Orient. The Maid- 
stone frigate was dispatched by Sir Harry 
Neale, to order us to Quiberon Bay, 
where we arrived on the evening of the 
dOth. The fleet was employed all that 
night in watering the Laurel, as we had 
been selected as one of three fri;?ates or- 
dered to pursue three French frigates that 
had escaped from the Loire. At eight on 
Ibe morning of the 3l8t we weighed, in 
company with the flota and Rhin frigates, 
made sail through the passage Taigneuse, 
a difficult and arduous one at all times ; it 
blowing very hard, the Rota led through 
the passage, the Laurel nnfbrtunately fol- 
lowed ; the Rota's pilot lost the marks 
and got bewildered, it being then ex- 
tremely hazy. The Rota escaped the' 
rocks; we unfortunately struck on the 
Govivas, a sunken rock, as did the Rhin, 
but was not damaged to the extent the 
Laurel was, whose false keel and part of 
the main immediately floated alongside, 
and a large hole in her bottom. The 
Laurel was backed off, and brought to ati 
anchor, sails fiirled, and all hands to the 
pumps. In this disastrous state we con- 
tinued pumping for one hour and a half, 
when it was reported the fthip was gainhtg 
fast, and would be down in 10 minutes. 
Ko time was to be lost to prevent the ship 
sinking in 10 fathoms water; the cable 
was cut,- and the ship run on shore on a 
reef of rocks, about one mile fironi the 
French coast, in order to save the lives of 
the men. The Enemy directly com- 
menced a heavy Are of shat and shell 
from their batteries and field-pieces. In 
order to save the lives of the crew, a flag of 
truce was hoisted. The Enemy continued 
their fire until we dispatched three boat?, 
with a^ut 70 men and four officers, on 
tiore, when the fire ceased, we imagine, 
is ^niequence of our officers remon- 



strating against the inbuitianity of firing 
on defenceless men ; but such was their 
want of feeling, and must for ever staojp 
the French name wi^ infbthy, that tfaey 
would not suffer our boats to return fbr 
the remainder of the officers and ship's 
company, who mu^t have perished, had 
it not been for the briave and indefatigable 
Capt. Sommerville, who, hi defiance of 
all danger, and againtt the remonstrance 
of his pilot, tvorked his sh^ up among the 
rocks, brought her to anchor, and took 
the remainder, officers and ship's com- 
pany, off the wreck, after remaining therfe 
several hours with no prospect of saving 
our lives except by a raft we were theh 
preparing; on Rota's boat taking the 
remainder of the men frr»m the Laurel, 
the Enemy commenced firing again on 
the boats, until they were out of reach oT 
shot At the time of my quitting the 
ship, she was entirely under water ; the 
men were hanging on the weather bulwark 
for several hours before leaving the wreck. 
Thus was lost one of the finest, fpst-sait- 
ing ^ips his Ms^^ty ever possessed 
from the haziness of the weather, and ig- 
norance of the French pilots." 

British Naval Force, — The following is 
extracted from the Official Returns of the 
Force of Great Britain, up to the first 
Inst. :— At sea, 80 of the line, 9 fiflic!*, 129 
frigates, 97 sloops, 6 bombs, 1^3 bri^&, 
50 cutters, 59 schooners— total 529. Jn 
port and fiUing, 43 of the line, 7 fifties, 30 
frigateft, 38 sloops, 1 bomb, 29 brigs, 6 
Cutters, 17 schooners— total, 171. Guard- 
^hips, 4 of the line, 1 fifty, 4 ft-igates, 5 
sloops — ^total 14. Hospital ships, &c. 94 
of the line, 4 fifties, 2 frigates — total 40. . 
Total in commission, 161 of the line, ^t 
fifties, 165 frigates, 130 ^oop^, fibombs, 
152 brigs, S6 cutters, 76 schooners — totil 
747. In ordinary, and repairing ibr 
service, 69 of the line, 13 flfttes, 5€ fri- 
gates, 37 slaops, 6 bombs, 10 brigs, ^ 
schooners ^ total 193. Boildhg, 32 of 
the line, 2 fifties, 13 frigates, 5 «tO&ps — 
total 32.— Grand total, 20« of the Hoe, 36 
-fifties, 234 frigates, 172 sloops, 12 bombs, 
162 brigs, 36 cutters, 78 schooners — In 
the whole. 992 vessels of war. Of the 
varied force of the British navy, there are, 
in the Mediterranean 87 twsels: 32 •f 
the line. Off the coast of Spain and Por- 
tugal, 72; 15 of the line. In the Englltb 
Channel, d2 ; 1 4 of the line. 

A fine 74-gun ship waa launched, Feb. 
13, from the Kmg's Vitd at Woolwidi^ 
This vessel was first building in the arsK- 
■al at Flushing, and was brought tbeoca 
on the capture of Wokbeien. She hat 
been named the Chatham, in compltinevit 
to the commander of that expeditloB.*— 
Another -74, the DubHn, was the st^me 
day launched from Mr, jSrent's yard, Ro* 
therlnthe. 

ABSTRACT 



r m ] 

.^ ... FRANCE. Cjpened before the new towp of V^^boiab 

Saon^arte ho^ in Uev of the Dutch which was 6000 t9i8et in qrtciit, with thf 

•rder of the Uolon, create^ an Imperiar oatremitieg of the right and left touchiitf 

01^ cftUed the B^nnion | Oia crosses ^ ^le Ouadalavier. The fortificatlont wetw 

4«0Dratio(is of which ai^e destined to re-* t|iree jrean in.eieetiag» and were defedMM 

Vaed the servi6es of Jtbe great Officers of by a laige Oitch^ The wal^ of the 9I4 

State* Jndges, and Mie Civil Officers of town are ropi«s^ted to be ipere gafdea 

te. empire.. It as coipposed. of 200 grand wfills;. B|ake, in tbiis situation, foreseeinc 

cresi^es, lOOO oommaoders, and 10,000 the £aU of the. place, made an attempt 

koightsw Thfi.Duke of Cadore has beem with 1^,000 men, tp retire, in the night. 

«Q^«iiiiat^d Orand Chancellor,* and M. from Valencia 5 but was pierented, wit|| 

Vander Goes Van Djxland, Grand Trea*. the less of 400 men. More tt^in 1$00 

mrer. Half a^l^Uion of francs have been men afterwa<t^ deserted from Blake, ifjtjia 

granted towards its endowment The oath abandoned the line of foitificathms. On 

hinds the iadividuaJ to be faithful to the the 6th, Sqchet o^ered the Spanish general 

EiQperor, and to the Dynasty, ' a capitulatioa, whiqh; was refused. B«n 

A)9cof4iog to tables published in the tween the 6th and 9tb, 2700 bombs ^ere 

almanack of the French Board of Longi* thrown into the towp, batteries, mounts 

tode, the population of the French empire ready to make a bre^ich in the interior de« 

amoonts to 43,937,144 souls. Of this fences, lodgmento effected in the twdlasi 

namber it is supposed that 28 millioqa houses of the suburbs, with min^s pre- 

q»eak.the French language, 6,4^,000 tthft pared under two of the principal gates 0^ 

Italian, 4,063>000 the Butch or F^emisb, the town. Dreading the efl^cts oif aA 

967,000 the Breton, and 108,00Q . the assault to a population of upwards ol 

Ba^ue^ . The population of the State* 200,000 ^ple, Blake desired a capitu- 

i^Hiiiected «rltb4he system of France, in lation far the town and army, which wft» 

which number are included the kingdom sigo^ oa the 9th Jau. ; th^ troops turr* 

of Italy, Spam, Switzerland, the Confede.. rendering as prisoners of war, and thft 
ration of the Rhine, kc^ iM estimated at « property d the inhabitants to be respecW 

3S,Ul,54l sottls. ed. On the 10th, the army and garrison. 

SPAIN AB9 PORTUGAL, oousistiiig of 18,000 men, marofaed puj 

The Paris Journals annouoce the sur«, and laid dowQ their arms, including S9$ 

sMer of Valencia, by capitulation to officers, and 22 generals, among whom" 

Marshal Sucbet, created by Buonaparte,, are Z^as 4nd Lardiaabel, Gehetftla 

for this service^ Duke of Albufera. It 0'OlonQ.ei and Blake, tn Valencia trei* 

^Pfaci, from the.documents pubjisbed in fpund 3*74 piece* of artillery, 18Cy)00 Um 

the French J>apers, that Suchet, af^e;- iha^ of powder, 3,000,000 cartridges, ^c. Mr* 

battle of Saiguntum, 'advanced wife his Tmaper, the English oon8ul,;esqaped from 

<^tie to the suburbs of Valencia, aod Valencia on the 3d Jan. Blake, with hit. 

vasemptoyed aeariy a month in waiting aides-de-camp, is ordered to Rai:is. 

the aitival of ]lhe reinforcements afid ar- . The French^ on enterhsg: Valei^cia, dts*. 

tillery, and collecting the other requisites playedtheir usual perfidy. AlthoUghit 

for the siege. Qn ^e 2$th the line of was stipolitted, by the terms of the eapi- 

VUke's vay wasi^tUck^d^ and, bis.ca- tulatiqn, that no inquiry should be mad^ 

tahpy beii^ routed* tfee infantry were pur- into, the conduct of those who bad takea 

ttedto tMintreoched camp of Ma^isset tn active part in the war, all the chfa^ 

^^uartt, which K«9g subsequently <^f the insurgents, and those whp had been, 

fiwid, the cannon, baggage, and cais* particularly oonnected with the Britisto 

ttm^ W^re all taken, the army of Blake c^onsul, Mr. Tapper, wer« ordered ta b* 

<jat 9ff irom.fhc road to Murcia,. and banged; and 1500 monks, who had dis^ 

Q^iged to throw iteelf into Valencia^ tinguishcd themselves by their zeaK wef« 

P^t^Hi these operations, tw0 £ngli^^ sent off fsjsoQers to France. ' , ' 

%ites, with some gun-boats, kept up an Gibialtar letters state, that there wei^ 

Ipoess^ftt 4n» in order to retard the pro-^ only fivi^ thousand Spanisb troops shdt up 

|tew of the French^ but retired, findinjg ia Vateofiia ; and that t^e remains of tl£ 

m»^^r9 desperate. The Fr^ch then ntn t^ dirisioas whicb Heaped wiOi Oenemte 

Isfilefl a number of smaU intrenched ^ahi and Freju^, and which bad reached 

fSfPIVy.lo^ two s^mds of colours, SQ Ali^Qt, amonnt to ten thousand mW 

Fieces of ^aprnm* with. 100 oaiuont.and The Freacb Piipers coi^tiiin, ^tmomt 

waggons J and the . Spaniards, in their *?th^r artioleSi several reportt ^om Ma^ 

W^ ,w«re sfud^ bare bejen poriied Ipto mont, inchiding an account of the takiite 

tkepairsb^ itf Albuf€rm.whei» mai^ of of CiosMul Bodcigo. ti^ first, ^M^ia 

ten BOrishod. On tbe ^v^ag of the d^d Valladolid, Jal». l€, mentions th# 

mDoc Vi^tencia was, invested on, an * ^dyance of the Eng Uib hmij, and the i^ 

tm. On ^'^J^^ tf»n«hei wert TtstmaBi of the i9ntm | m states, tbaiu 

■ 



178 



Abstract of Foreign -Occurrences. 



[Feb. 



hftving called i% hfg a^ two diTisipns of greatest vesemblaDce to diamonds : he 
the army of tba North, and Bonnet's adds, that he has in his possession a dia- 
df^siOR from the Asturias, he wonld hate 



force of 60,000 men, with which he 
would march against the enemy. His 
fMny would he united 'on the ^Ist ; ** and 
ttMta," he observes to Berthier, << yw 
may 93tp€et happy and glorhut events for 
Me French arms,** How soon and how 
greiUly he was disappointed, his snbse- 
.^ent dommunicatious manifest. His se- 
oond report, dated from Salamanca on 
the 18th, gives an account of the snbarbs 
of Giudad Rodrigo, and the out*works he 
bad constructed, being carried by surprise 
on thelOth. These works, he had expected, 
^Fould hare requited a siege of eight or 
ton days. The third report announces 
ttie fell of the fortress. « There is (says 
Hffarmont) in this event something so 
mcamprehensibh, that it will not permit 
mj^ff to make any observations on it." 

* The French have evacuated the city of 
Placentia and its neighbourhood. The 
tfanse of this movement was the absolute 
want of the means of subsistenoe. 

Coiuntta ^pers to the 3d instl commn- 
tticate the satisfhctory intelligence, tbat 
tiie French under Bonnet have again eva- 
ouated Gijon, Oriedo, and the whole of 
IheAsturias. This is supposed to have 
been occasioned by dispatches which' 
Bonnet bad received, requiring him to 
join Maittont with all expiedition. 

ITALY. 

• By letters from Malta, it is understood, 
Uttt the return of Lord W. Bentinck had 
giten life to^the proceedings of the Sicilian 
oourt against the emissaries of Prauce. ' 
A' Bomber of traitors had been executed ; 
arrests were daily taking place; and 



mond on which there are several black 
points similar to charcoal* 
GERMANY. 

The German papers state, that the AU» 
tdna Mercury, AieiUe du Ntrd, and Ths 
Political Journal qf Hamburgh, have beeai 
suppressed. A 

The Prince Primate of Frankfort haS' 
issued a proclamation, admitting th^ Jews 
in his- dominions to an equal participation- 
of all the rights, privileges, &c. enjoyed- 
by bis other subjects. 

^ M. Wesil, of Penzhig, in Austrioi has 
discovered a method of expressing Oil 
from grape kernels. This oil is mild, of 
a good taste, and without the least smelU- 
it is even said tiot to be inferior in qui^lity 
to oil of olives. 

SWEDEN. 

The French have occupied Swedish Po- 
merania. Private letters state, that they 
entered Stralsund on the 26th Jan. witb 
6000 men. I'he fortifications not havings 
been restored since Schill's enterpHae, the 
place was treated as an open town. The 
garrison, consisting only of a few hundred' 
men, with the governor, and the militarsr 
chest, made their escape bf sea to Carl»-- 
hara. About 12 or 15 vessels, in different' 
states of loading, left the -port at the sam^ 
time, but not without being fired upon bjr 
the batteries. 

The motive which induced Buonaparte* 
to seize on Swedish Pomerania and Rugen« 
has hitherto bet^n involved in much- my s* 
tery. We have heard it assigned U^ 
various causes ; but the most probable ' 
was, the reluctance of 3emadotte to obey- 
blindly the dictates of the French Ruler,' 



military tribunal had been established by^ and his wish to ingratiate himself with the 

%he king, for the trial of all persons in Swedish nation, by favouring, ai far a^ 

custody upon • charges of treason. An^ he dared, a clandestine commerce and 

' extensive correspondence had been car- intercourse with England.' 

ayingon for some time, bettveen the French * It has been very conihlently reported, 

party in the island, and the government of that Peace had been coududed between 

Mnrat. Pour-of the enemy's' spies, native^ this country and S^reden, by a treaty no*' 

•fCalabria, had been arrested at Hfessina; gotiated by Mr. Thornton. It was else* 



one of whom was killed in the act of re- 
stflting the officers who seized him, and 
the other three were shortly afterwards 

ttseeutc^* 

M. Amice, ag astronomer of Milan, 
has constructed a telescope 17 feet in 
length and 1 1 inches in diameter. It is^ 
the largest ever made in Italy, nnd is said 
%o equal the best English glasses foi* ob- 
fervkig the heavenly bodies. On trial h 
was proved that the smallest writing might, 



added, that a Swedish minister had aetn- 
ally arrived in town. Therewas, however,' 
no foundation for these reports. But^ 
notwith8t?andirig that we must oontradict 
rumours so unnnmdi^d, weare^wa^, thai 
the last intelligence redeivtd by the w^' 
of AntMdt, renders the speedy occ nrr enc e 
of fevourable events extremely probablo^l 
and also, that some communication bat 
recerttly been rectived by Govemmenlf 
from Sweden, though it« nature has not 



kjr meant of it, be read at the disunoeof yet been permitted to transpirOk 



SOO yards, and every step and fine stroke 
plainly diseemed. 

* Tbe editor of the Journal de Physique, 
MbHthed atOimoa, states, that, by cant^ 
bg a verystrtng Gfdvanjp battery to act 
Oi a matio^.chvcoal, a tubttaneo-faat 
HfO ^rodiwcd whkh aypeart to have the 



ASIA. 

The Calcutta Papers, of the 8th Jnlft 
state, that a battle had been Ibwgfat at 
Cabnl, between thie army oiP Mahmoed 
Shah, the #eignnig^ sovoreign, under the* 
command of the Prince Abbas, mod si 
coBsiderahlo^ iotm MNleir tht otter of a 



1^12.] Abstract of f'oreign Occurrences. 



iU 



chief Bamed . Mohamiaed Azid Khan, which has hardly a parallel m the aniud* 

wh9 had previously obtained posses- of diplomatic iosolence. In the letted 

sioiL of the city. In thi^ engag;ement from Mr. Foster to Mr. Monroe, Mr. Fot* 

$000 followers of the latter were killed,' ter applies himself to explain two points^ 

and one half of the city of Cabul pillaged on Which much misrepresentation had 

ami bamt. Mahmoiid siiah aqd Futteh. gone abroad; as it had been assertad^' 

Khan entered Cabul shortly after the *' that he, in the name of his Oovemmenti^ 



battle, from Peshour, where Atta Mah- 
Bioud Khan was post^. 

A dispatcii received at Bombay from 
Lieut.-col. East, announces the capture, 
hy storm, and the restoration of its lawful 
cUieftain, of the fortress of Chya, a 
dependency of the Rajah of Poorbunder 
(who had lately sought and obtained the 
protection of the Hon. Company), and 
which, had been usurped by his sou Vtq^9% 
Raive. The troops employed ii^ this ser- 
vice were th&47tb regiqiei^, I^leutenants 
Dutnaresq and MaQSQi) were slightly 
wounded. 

An alligator was shot through the head 



had demanded that the United States go«^ 
vernment should pass a law for the intro* 
ductioa.of British goods into the American 
ports; and also, that the United State* 
should undertake to force France to re« 
ceive into her harbours British manufac- 
tures." In giving the explanation neces** 
sary on these points, Mr. Foster denies 
that he had rec^utred naore than that th«^ 
Belligerepts should be placed on the sama' 
footing, and notices the inequality at 
present existing, which enables the enemiet 
of Great Britain, " though possessing no 
port in that hemisphere, contiouajly t^ 
prey on the trade of his Majesty's sub- 



at Gbaaiepoore, by an officer of the 67th jects, secure of a refuge for Uieir cjruisert 



regiment, which was 29 feet in length, and 
t in cifxmmference. In thelstomach w^re 
fonnd several half- digested human limbs, 
the heads of two children, and more than 
twenty stones — probably swallowed in 
order to assist digestion. 

Letters have been received from Java, 
of so late a date as the ISth October. 
The whole of ^be correspondence between 
the French government and that of Bata- 
ria was about to be copied ai^d seiit home, 
in duplicate,, to this country. It is said 
to contain a full elucidation of the views 
of Buonaparte, with regard not only to 
the islands in the East, but to the whole 
ff tlie British possessions in India. 

We understand it is finally settled, that 
the island of Java is to be a King's settle- 
iBent, and placed on the same fooiting as 
Ceylon. 

AMERICA. 
Oovernment has received dispatchesfrom ' 
Mr. Foster, the British plenipotentiary to, 
the United States ; and it is said, that they 
affM'd less hopes of an amicable adjust* 
ment of differences between the, two oouq- 
triesy than recent circumstances had led 
to expect To a . letter from Mr. Foster, 
dated December yt, Mr. Monroe replied 
by another, dated the 14th of January. 
The last-mentioned document, if any 



aud their prizes." The measure adopted 
by England to retaliate on the F'rench de« 
crees, he states, " it is wished could op«<* 
rate on Prance alone-; but its acting on 
neutrals is an incidental effect, consequent 
on their submission to the original mea- 
sures of the enemy.'' He concludts with 
setting forth the circumstances which con* 
tradict the alleged repeal of the French 
decrees, and calling for a sight of the in- 
strument by which they were repealed, if 
they have ceased to Ue in force. In an« 
swer to this, Mr. Monroe contends, that 
the French decrees have been repealed^ 
and that if thero was a question as to 
whether or not they had ceased to operate 
at the time announced by France, it 
could not be alleged that they ha^} 
not ceased to operate since the Sd of 
February 1811. ''A pretension in Great 
Britain to keep her Orders in force tiU 
she receives satisfaction of the prkctical 
ctHnpliance of Prance," he asserts tb b^ 
*\ utterly incompatible with her pledge." 
This he attetnpts to support, by say* 
ihg, " that a doubt, founded on any' 
single act, however unauthorized, com* 
mitted by a French privateer, might, oo 
that principle, become a motive of delay 
and refusal. A suspicion that such «ct8 
would be committed, might have the same 



^bt before existed, as to the hostility of effect ; and, in like manner, her compli- 



the American govemnient to^t^rds this 
<;panlry, > must, we think, remove that 
doobt If there are persokis in this coun- 
try, who, daring the progress of the 
preceding negotiations, have been hitherto 
voable to see any thing unreasonable on 
the part of the American government, 
they will, we think, be likely now to take 
a different view of the subject; while, foir 
oorselves, we cannot refrain from saying, 
that to US tb^r c^doct appears to have 
We^, in a variety ai instances,* nlarked 



auce might be withheld as long as the war 
continued." He complains of the pri^ctice 
of forging American papers in England ; ' 
and of no answer having been given to a 
communication made on that subject to 
the English government ; while he is quite 
silent on the subject of the representation 
made by Mr. Foster, of the countenance 
given to the enetny's cruisers by Anierica^ 
and the consequent accession, on their 
part, of the means of capturing our mer* 
ehaatmen, and ii^nri^ the researeeiB of 



/ - 



byU degree of intefldperance and rudeocss^ this country. He at lefigtb winds up hit 

^ lettf^ 



it^ ' Ahstnet ^ S^erdgn Occurrence^. [Febi 



BritUb TcnpiDce. Withont reckoDtitf o« 
What migbf "be accorap!i«hod by Esgliah 
vilaar; we bave no |iesititioii in Myibg, 
tbat, to her, war would be > dreadfulj if 
not an OTentbelming cnlainity. Tbfl 
quGitioQ if, in fact, now little more tban 
wlietber or not America sball continae 
boBtile, anij wbether or oM we ahall adopt 
meaiurea of Tetaflalion ? Onr present 
BTils, we repeat it, wi^iild be but little ae^ 
gravatetl by open war. America bas ail- 
ready done her worA, and doing tbii, baS 
rendered herself almOat a> impotent ai her 
conduct hat been unjust. A war would at 
once deprive bcr of almost (he whole of 
her eiport trade, as appean by hrr gwn 
OfHeial returns ; and tbe people of Am*- 
riea, in general, we ehould think, would 
^ause before tbey plunged into a contert, 
to which they are lo unequal, and wbick 
mutt subject (hem to so many priTatimti, 
and >nch heavy burlhens, Mr. Gallathi 
confesses, Ihat their Tereuaea are by no 
means equal to tticir peace establiibment ; 
and that Iheiefore, even if a war iboulj 
not take place, a large loan Williw beces^ 
lary. In (be event of a war, hloan wf 
not less than 40,000,000 of dnllan will ba 
liecesury. The money to pay^e' iD£e> ' 
rest of thin loan must iilso be borrowed ; 
Ibr the' revenue, inadequate ai it if at 
[fresent, would be almost iDDihilated fi 
tbe event of a war. The coirespondenc*, 
bowever, between Mr. Poller and Mi^ 
Monroe leenu to prove nnequfv»catl^, 
that 'the American Government is deter- 
mined to reject all Friendly eiplanation 
with Great Britain; indeed, tbe Prn>- 
dent and Mr. Moncoe seem to lose thehr 
t^mpenj because Ibey bare tbe wont 6t 
the argument; and their disposition lit 
Quarrel with Great BrtUin leems to i«~ 
crease eiaclTy In proportion to the prtiiX 
that ]i .offered to then, tb^ they bare M 
Cauie of complainL 

The Indian* have commenced hortflitjo 
agnrnst IhP United Stales In various partK 
Abody of 4<>0had encamped at tbe' moat& 
oTCufnberland River, on (he North of the 
Oiiio, and had takeu and destroyed 13 
flat.bottomed boats, pnd lulled eveiy 
■pan on board, 'excepting two. TVoopa 
w^re aueniblini: under the comniaird of 
Cp>. Cooke, of Tfnoesse, tb attack them. 
It is alio rumoured, that the Cheroheea 
had driven in the troops employed in 
cutting (he [6ad in the Southern part nf 
the Misaislppi territory,' and (hat 13 of tli( 
abldiert were stain in tie conflr>:t. 

The' United State* military ectabtish- 
mebt in 18!0 wai, from one to seven regt- 
menti of infantry, at 800 mea each, 
SEOO'i one rifle regiment of 1 ODnipaniei, 
at tZ jDen, 830; one regiment of bone 
artillery, SOOj'one ditw artjU^ry,' of 90 
compapiea, 16C0 ; and one regilnent of 
dragooM, liOi total SliO, Only lb* 



MimfAt of field artilUry, and 1st 
tel 'ltd regiments of voSaAtrft are com* 

Jlifr. Pinckncy, late Minister to Great 
Britain, ha^ been appointed by th^ Prest- 
denty Attorney General of the United 
SuteSy vke Bodney, resigned. 

A phenomenon bas appc^ared in the 
United States, in the person of a boy of 
seven years, who can neither read nor 
write figures, so as to enumerate; but 
who ncTertheless resolves, as H were by 
instinct, without error, the most intricate 
questions that may be proposed to htm in 
arithniatic 

' ^hmmd, Dec, ^7. Lasi nigbt tba 
pUyhonse in this city was crowded with 
an unusual audience: there' could- not 
We been less than 600 persons in the 
kopse. Just before the conclusion of the 
play the scenery caught fire, ai>d in a few 
minutes tbe whole building was wrapt in 
iames. It is already ascertained, that 
S2 persons wdre devoured by tbe terrific 
^lemeM. W6 are informed, that tbe see- 
i^ery took fire in the back part of the 
lk>use,by the raising of a chandelier ; that 
l^eboy, who was ordered by some of tbe 
pliayers to Iraise it, stated, that if he did 
ib, the scenery would take fire ; when be 
was commanded in a peremptory manner 
lo hoist it. The boy obeyed, and tbe fire 
was instantly communicated to tbe see- 
itery. He gave the alarm in the rear of 
Hm 8|age, and requested some of the at- 
tendants to cut the cords by which Che com- 
bustible materials were suspended. The 
person whose duty it was to perform; this 
business was panic-struck, and sought his 
tiw4 safety. This onfdrtunatety happened 
;|t a time when one of the performers 
ITas playing near the orchestra, and the 
ijreatest part of the stage #as obscured 
ftom tbe audience by a curtain. Tbe fire 
fklfiog from the scenery, upon the per- 
fim^r, was the first notice Vhich the peo^ 
pie had ot their danger. Even then, 
ibany supposed it to be a part of the play, 
Ai were, for a little time, restrained from 
fl^t by a cry from the stage that there 
iHis no danger. There was but one door 
1^ the greatest part of the aUdience to 
pass. Men, women, and children, were 
pressing upon each other, while tbe flames 
^ere sdzing upon those behind ; who, 
urged by the fiametf, pushed those out 
ifbo were nearest, to the windows; and 
fieople of every description began to faH 
<ftie upon another, some with their clothes 
mi fire, some half roasted. In addition 
lift tb^ list now given, it is believed that at 
Idakt 60 others perished, whose names are 
ipqjt yet ascertained. [Here follow tbe 
Ames of 6^ persons, amdog whom were 
the Governor of tjh* Piovince (Smith) imd. 



\Jfwn 



m 



laftt^Niu 

Jan, f6. In the evietfiiig, m Mr. Bm* 
flUgan, of South- lodge, in Ttpperarjf, WM 
goin^ firom his house to hid stilble, tbr«if 
men, who had laid in wait, presented their 
pieces at him, and desired him to deliver 
his arms. Mr. B. who had no arms, re* 
turned into the house, pursued by oAe of 
the ru£laus,who commanded him to queodi 
the candle* Mr. B. ol^ejred, and instantly 
locked up the villain intide. Feeling hd 
danger, tbe fellow discharged his blnn* 
^erbi^s. The muzzle was so close to Mr* 
B. that his clothes were set on fire, and 
bis shoulder miserably lacerated :t)ut Mr.' 
B. seized the ruffian, Mrs. S. hearing 
the shot, ran out of the parlonr'wtth m 
candlestick in her hand, and struck tb4 
villain three blows on the face ; which so 
Stunned him, that she and her husband 
were able to drag him to the kitchen. Tha 
robber was beginning to struggle, when aa 
unexpected auxiliary appeared. A hons^ 
dog, seeing his master attacked, secured 
the robber by tlie arm which held the blun- 
derl)us8 ; and be was so perfectly crippled, 
tbat Mr. and Mrs. B. tfed him, and locked 
him up in the cellar. Mr. B. then hearing; 
the fellows abroad firing shots, loaded tb# 
blanderbuss, and guardefl the house until 
morning, when he setit for a Magistrate, 
who came with a militaty force, and took 
Michael Wall, the fellow thus secured^ 
and another named Cooney. ' * 

Umcrick, Jan. 23. The country between 
Clogfteen and Ballyporeeri, Co. Tipperar^ 
is in a very disturbed stated Si^veral rt* 
spectable farmers' bouses have been at^ 
tacked, stadcs otcom burnt, horses fcaketf, 
&c. A general muster of the villaikis took 
place on Jan. 1 5, near Ballyporeen, wbiSh 
consisted of no less than two hundred;' ant, 
after parading about an houi^ with vofieyf 
firing, and horns blowiji^, &c. they wer« 
dismissed, every man taking his horse an4 
arms with him. 

Jan. 27. In the Court of King's Bench^ 
Dublin, tbe trial of Mr.lCirwan tommepoed. 
His counsel challenged all the Jurors, upon 
the ground of their having been imprd* 
perly selected by the Crown officers. After 
a due investigation of the point, the Court 
found against th^hallenge. On the ^Stb, 
an affidavit &n behilf of Mr. Kirwan was 
brought forward, the purport of which 
Was to procure for bim th^ same advan- 
tage as the Crowh had had with respect to 
persons on the panael ; alleghig that some 
were Orange-men, and enemies of tbe 
Catholics. This^buSTmss occupied Wed- 
nesday. On Thursday the 3dth, the 
trial opened with a speech from the 
Solicitor General j and the Chief Justice 
afterwards' proceeded to chatgie the Jury, 
explaining to them at ooAsiderable lengdl 
fte prt)\'isjoa» of the Coavention Act. 

Thi 



4.-- 



i 



a 



Country News.— Domestic Occurrences, 



) 



[Feb! 



^VJofyliaThig retired lor 15 ttinnles, 
ftfttmed with A t erdict of Guilty ; subject, 
lM>weTery to the future decision of the 
Joc^et of » point of law, relative to an 
Kkformatity tn the indictment. . On the 
cottClnaioi) of thd trials Mr. Kirtran was 
Wormed by the Court, that, notwithstand- 
ifkg bi» convicthort, be was perfectly ^t li- 
^rty to go atlarge^ upoh the recognizance 
he had aln^dy provided. 

Mn Kirwhn «vas brought up on Feb. 6 ; 
fined Otie mark* and discharged. Judge 
J>ay, on diilivcriog the sentence of the 
Coarty.tDok orcasibn to make ^ome forci- 
ble remarks upon the Catholic Committee, 
^anwhivh, he said, the^Catbolic cause bad 
BOt a greater enemy. 



Country News. 

Jan. 20. The tower of Christ CKureh, 
Cj/ord, which contains Croat Tom, was 
ia imminent danger of bein^ ^destroyed by 
lire. A room adjoining this venerable 
structure, the heauh-sione of which was 
laid on a large oak beam, it is conjectured, 
tad taken fire, and been secretly burning 
lor two or three.dayi before it was disco* 
fered.' Alarm^waK give ir, and assistance 
pTOQiredy in time to prevent the conse* 
que^ces that must otherwise have ensued. 

Jan, SO^ At the Quarter Sessions, held 



provided, " thyt no person should be ad» 
mitted as lecturer, or allowed to preach 
as such in any church or other place of 
religious worship in the kingdom, unlesit 
previously approved of and licensed by 
the Bishop of the Diocese.'* Dr. Povah 
now complained that the Bishop l^ad re-* 
fused to license him, not stating his rea-« 
sons, and refusing to hear him ; and he^ 
applied to the Court to order him to dq 
so, but the opinion of the Court wa^, that 
they had no power to interfere. When 
the matter came first before the Court, it 
aid not appear clear what were the 
grouiKis on which the Bishop refused iei* 
license, and therefore the Court granted 
a rule, which had produced an afi&davit in. 
answer, in which lie swore that his sole 
reason for refusing to license Dr. Povah, 
was n conscientious opinion^ aud convic-i^ 
tion formed, after he had Keen rep^atedi}^ 
admitted before him and examined, that^ 
he could not approve him, and therefore^, 
consistently with bis duty, could not ti-^ 
cense him« His Lordship wcQt on to 
state,' that his oninion, after diligent and 
impartial inquiry into the life and doc-, 
trine of Dr. Povah, was confirmed ; and 
be was convinced thai a conscientious 
discharge of "his duty as a Bishop;, could 
not allow him to license a person whose 
life and doctrine he did not api^rove.^ 



at Spilsl^y on the Htb inst. the Magistrates . The learned Lord observed, had \.\ie Man-' 



Refused to administer the oaths to the Re^. 
Abraham Crabtree, Minister in the Me* 
kbodist conneUion, appointed by tlieir an- 
•ual conference, and respectably recom- 
mended as a fit andproper person for the ot^ 
§nou This gentleman (in conjunction with 
twn others) is a minister statedly preach- 
Mig and officiating to very large <ongre- 
fations at Homcastlc, jnford,HLaugham- 
fow, and other chapels adjacent. Xhe 
Magistrates, it is said, refused the ap- 
plication on the ground of a decisiob re- 
cently made in the Court of King's Bench. 



damns gone, and the Bishop retume4 
this as an answer, the Court must haye, 
held it good, unless they were prepared, 
to say that they, and not the Bishop » 
really possessed the power of approval ; 
and if the Court should feel itself autho-. 
rized to assume such a power, their Man- 
damus to the Bishop would ^y, ** Ap-! 
prove, though yo'h do not approve, an^^ 
take our conscience instead of yoOr ow^ ' 
to guide you iu your judgments." His' 
Lordship concluded by declaring his opi- 
nion and theopWion'of the Court to be, that 



At the Quarter Sessions held at Nexo Milton they had not the power to grant a Man-* 

last week, seven persons in the Methodist damus. With respect to the Archbisbofi' 

connection applied for licences t€ preach ; of Canterbury, the Court were of opinion, 

which the Court refused, none of them if Dr. Povah thought proper, he might 

being appointed »to preach to a specific still apply to him; but unless the Court, 

congregation. could repeal a wholesome and wise Act of 

^e^. 12. This mottling, a fire broke Parliament, the present Rule must be dis- 

out in the Custom-house, at SL Ives, in charged.— The Attoruey Genehil trusted. 



Cornwall, which totally destroyed the 
building, together with a large quantity 



with respect to the Bi^op, the Rule would 
be discharged with costsr— Lord Ellenbo^ 



«f goods, and the whole of the o^cial rough saidj he did not think, as this was 

kooks and papers. the first time the question ^ad cfome spe-* 

■ ■ I cifically before the Court, that the Rule\ 

Domestic Occurrences. should be discharged with costs. The law, 

Monday, Feb, S. having been now laid down, should any 

PovAii c. Tbb Bisupr of London. similar applications be made, the Court. 

This case came on to-day for a fiual on the subject of costs, might think dif • 

faring* when Lord Ellenborough said, ferently.-^Rule discharged, 

the act which gave the power to the Bisb9p^ - ' Monday t Feb, 9. 

lo approve or disapprove persons, * was The Special Commission at th^ SBSsioQa** 

tha Uth Of Cbarlat IL by which it wat House in HoiMOionger-lane, for the trial 



WML] DOMESTIC occurrence:*. IBS. 



\ 



of 18 seamen, who were found to have 
etttAred t^ Enemy's service, at tjtke cap* 
tore gf the Isle of France, was held this 
4a]r» when W. Cundell, alias Conoell, 
helooging to the Laurel at the time of th« 
oipture, was arraigned : his defeuce was, 
that the dungeon in which he was con- 
fined was loathsome and 6Ued with ter- 
nin, tnd as a preliminary step to escape, 
be ^signed to enter into the French ser- 
fioe. Hi oirder tiiat he might gn at laige : 
it was given in evidence, however, that 
the prisoner not only wore the French uni- 
ionii, 'bat did duty as a French soldier; 
tad that he had treated the British offi- 
cers, prisoners, with great contempt. I'he 
Jary found him guilty, death ; but re- 
commended him to mercy, on the ground 
ef his having returned to his allegiance' 
when the opportunity offered. On Tues- 
day, the 11th, Ci Parker, and J. Twee- 
die, alias Tweddel, were tried and found 
ginlly. — On Wednesday, the l<.{th, C. 
Bird teas convicted, bdt strongly recom- 
mended to mercf , on account of his having 
manifested mudi penitence at his con- 
doet, and behaving humanely, to his ship? 
males who were prisoners.— -On Thursday, 
the 15th, J. Smth and G. Armstrong were 
capitally convicted ; tlie former was^ 
proved to have assisted the Enemy in 
making carroimde sHdcs ; the latter had 
entered the French service, and worked 
as a shoemaker, but in attempting to es- 
cape, had one eye knocked but and one 
hand broken.—- On Friday, the 14th, S. 
FaHane was convicted; after which, on 
S. Teastor bemg put to the bar, the At- 
torney' General spoke as follows : — Qen«» 
tlernen of the Jury, The object of these 
prosecutions is, to show that offenders, 
sucb as the prisoner at the bar, and t'Hbse 
whose Ihte has been already decided, can- 
not escape the hands of Justice; a fact' 
which it is necessary should be publicly 
impressed on the miudii of those engaged 
m the military and naval services of the 
eewitty. it may be proper fur me to 
state, that many more persons were found 
acting in a fimilar manner. Tliere were 
reasons for selecting those men who hate 
been tri^,' as well as those who remarn 
la be tried. Their cases, however, could 
Bot beso accurately examined by those 
who had the opportunity of making the 
selection, as by myself, i have had an 
•pportnatty of investigating the particu- 
lars of £ very charge, and I think the ends 
•f nlsiice are answered.— • /^ //pre t^ learned 
dmcate xeassomutk affected, that he coidd 
9cit proceed; and the vohole Court partid- 
pated in hjis sensihtlity.J^^l was about to 
Mate, Oeutlemen, that the purposes of 
jvstice have been answered. I would 
■ot let my learned friends kugw the course 
I itrtended to pursue, lest it might be oon- 
•sifvd that by hoifNo|^ out a prpmist af 



lenity towards the remaining prisoners, I 
was desirous of exacting, as a sort of sa- 
crifice to mercy, the cobvietion. of th» 
man who has just been tried. 1 do now,' 
however, think, that those who have tec « 
tried will furnish a suAcieut example to< 
deter others from the commission of a like' 
offence. I would not have it understood* 
that those who remain have been seiect«4i 
without discrimination No; there am 
circumstances of alleviation in their con- 
duct, which form a considerable shade ot 
difference between their guilt, and that' 
of the men who have been convicted; Af- 
ter what has passed, I thmk it is impos- 
sible that any man who owes allegiance tw 
this country, can be so rash as to do asthese 
men have done ; except, indeed, persons 
who have sunk to the last degree of de- 
pravity. In ending the prosecutions here,* 
I sincerely hope that the prisoners at the 
bar, as well as all others t^ho have been 
concerned in similar proceeding, wiU be- 
convinced, that that country which they 
so basely deser^d, is not unmindful of 
their iotere^, not inattentive to tlm calk 
of mercy, as well as of justice. In fiiML 
I hope this lenity may uot be misplace^ 
and that we may not be again shockedt 
with the repetition of sueh offences, the 
existence of which is destructive to the 
safety, character, and honour of the na* 
tioa."-eMr. Brougham, counsel for the 
prisoners, did justice to the upright raab- 
ner in which these prosecutions were con- 
ducted, and complimented the Attorney 
General, on the humane fiselings he bad 
manifested throughout, and particalarlf' 
in his addiess.— The Chief Bai-on Macdo- 
nald then passed sen^n^ to the following 
effect :i-ii^» The scene passing here is on^ 
which I least expected (Jroat Britain would 
ever see. Scarce a Session of Parliament 
passes that we do not find the conduct of 
the British Navy spoken of in terms of 
high eulogium, and thanks voted to the A 
for their unparalleled bravery. Nay, 
scaroa a week paase&that our public pa-J 
pers do not teem with some new instance* 
of gallantry, some further laurels rcapeil 
by our naval fMves. How unexpectedly^ 
then, do I this day see so many seamen 
of Great Britain convicted of high treason, 
of having deserted their King and Country, 
and of having entered into the servic^^ of 
the Enemy. You (naming the prisooe^s) 
have been convicted of this heinous of- 
fence, after prosecutiouii conducted not 
alone with mertiy, but with a degree of 
delicacy which must have created the ad« 
miration of every person who witnessed 
them. T% murder a single man is dread- 
ful, as it deprives-tlie State of a subject ; 
but, joining 3rourselvPs to the Enemy, 
and thereby anticipating the deatb of 
numbers, is dreadful in proportion lo thit 
Auuber of lives you might have destroyed.' 



I» DOMESTIC OCCURRENCES. [Pelr.. 



Kezt ta liftiof your band a^aiiMt year 
Qo^retgD, vour crimes coold not bare 
uaomea a blacker dye. By your example 
90Q Jiave taught the Enemy to beliere 
tllat tbey will reap in our service fresh 
mid, thereby inducing them to press 
harder, aiid fiod in the British Navy a 
vorsery for their seamen, and this under 
tbe.^ eye of such meritorious officers as 
C^pts. Lambert Curtis, WiUoughby, and 
Woolicombe ; the former of whom ap- 
]^ised you of your danger, and exhorted 
yott not to forget your duty. Under these 
circumstances^ it now. only remains ibr 
9ie to pass that sentence upon you which 
t^e law dictates, a duty, which, as I am 
Qow growing old, I did hope to escape, 
but which, painful as it is, I am bound 
to perform. It is, that you, and each of 
you, be taken to the place from whence 
you came, and from thence be drawn pn 
M. hurdle to the place of execution, where 
you shall be hanged by the necks, but 



w 



not till yon are dead ; that yon be seve- 
rally taken down while yet alive, and 
your bowels be taken out' and bmrnC 
before youir faces; that yonr beads b« 
then cut off, and your bodies cot in fovr 
quarters, to be at the jLiog's diqpoial." — 
The prisoner^ appeared deeply afiected» 
and tbey fell on their knees and Imploted 
for mercy. — — 

'the French General, Simon, lately bjokw 
bis parole, and absconded fromOdibanu 
He i« styled a Baron and a Chevalier isf thm 
Empire. 100/. was offered for bis apprr^ 
hension. - He was taken' in a coaUhole 
in Pratt'^treet, Camden-tewn, with Boi- 
son, a French surgeon. 

The Prince Regent has approived of .the 
2d battalion of the 14th Foot being p^« 
mitted to inscribe on their colours And 
appointments the word *' Comnna,*^ in 
consequence of tbe distinguished condocft 
of the battalion in tbe action of Jan. 16, 
1809, near that town in Spain ^ . 



INTERESTING CO 
TheCorrespondence between tbe Prince 
^gent, tlie Duke of York, and Lords 
Grey and Grenville, on the subject of 
farming an extended administration^ is of 
lauch interest. The communication was 
made to the Duke of York, who was 
authorised to inform Lord Grey« Tbe 
following is a copy of the Letter. 

The Prince BegenCs Letter to the Duke 

of York, 
Mr Deaxbst Brother. — ^As the restric- 
tions on the exercise of the Royal autho- 
rity will shortly expire, when I must make 
my arrangements for the future adminis- 
tration of the powers with which I am 
invested, I think it right to communicate 
to you those sentiments which I was with- 
held from expressing at an earlier period 
c^ the session, by my earnest desire, that 
the expected motion on the affairs of Ire* 
land night undergo tlie deliberate discus- 
sion of Parliament, unmixed with- any 
Other consideration. I think it hardly 
necessary to call your recollection to the 
^recent circumstances under wbieh I as^ 
aumed the authority delegated to me by 
Parliament At a moment of unexampled 
dii^uHy and danger, I was called upon 
to make a selection of persons to whom 
I abould entrust tbe functions of the exe- 
cutive government: My sense of duty to 
our Royal Father solely decided that 
choice; and every private feeling gave 
vay to considerations which admitted of 
po doubt or hesitation. I trust I acted in 
that respect, as the genume repitsentaUve 
of the august person whose functions I 
was appointed to discbarge $ and I have 
the satisfaction of knowing, that such was 
./the opinion of persons, for whose judg- 
qient and honourable pHnciples I enter« 
luned tbe bigbcit respect* In varioaft in* 



RRESPONDENCE. 
stances, as you well know, wbens th^ law 
of the last session left dm at foil liberty* 
I waved any personal gratifi'ca^iMI', ia 
order that his Majesty might resume^ 09 
his restoration to health, every power an4 
prerogative belonging to bis crown. I 
certainly am the last person in the }aOg'^ 
dom to whom it can be permitted todespaftr 
of our Royal Father's recovery. A. new 
sra is now arrived, and I cannot .but re*^ 
fleet with satisfaction on the events which 
have distinguished the short period of mf 
restricted Regency. - Instead of tn^rhi^ 
in the loss of any of "ner possessioos, hf 
the gigantic force whichfias beea employed 
against them, Great Britain lias ndded 
most important acqoisitioos to her empiiO!. 
The National Faith has been preservcMl 
inviolate to our allies, and if cbaracfitr io 
strength, as applied to a nation, 'the ln« 
creased and inci^asing reputatioa of bit 
Majesty's arms will shew to the naliona oC 
the Continent how much tbey vmy ^3\ 
achieve when animated by a glorious qmit 
of resistance to a foreign yoke. In tbe 
critical situation of the war in the Peaio<» 
sula, I shall be most anxious to avoid any 
Qieasui^ that can lead my Allies to sop* 
pose that I mean to depart from ' tbe pio- 
sent system. Perseverance alone ca« 
achieve the great object itt question; smd 
1 cannot withhold my approbation fnm 
those wEo have honourably distinguisliod 
themselves in support of it. I have Kk 
predilectkmstoj^dulgo^no resentmenli t# 
gratify— 410 objects to attain bnt such anc 
are common to tbe whole Empire. Ht 
such is the leading principle of tny ooo* 
dnct, and 1 can appeal to the past ia nenm 
dence of what the future will be, I fiafttet 
myself I shall meet with tbe iapport off 
ParliuBeiit, mdbf a candid and eaUghu* 



^ t 



\Ue.] DOMESTIC OCCURRENCES- 1»5 



CMd OAtkni.—- Hkving made this ikmmiui- 
BicttioBofmy «entiiiieiits in this new aiKt* 
extcaordinary crisis of our aifiiir8> I can- 
riBft ognolode wi^oat expressing the grra^* 
iication I should feel, if seme of those per- 
SSBS witk whom the early habits of my 
paUic life ^ere- formed, would strengthen 
my heads, aad^ ooosti^ite a part of my 
Government. * With such support, and 
aided by a Tigorovs and muted Adminis- 
tmlioB, formed on the most liberal basis, 
I shaU look .with additional confidence to 
a pro^pi^oiis issue- of the most arduous 
contest in which Great Britain ever was 
cqgaged. You are authorised to commu- 
nioite these sentiments to Lord Grey, who, ~ 
I have no doubt, will maka them known to 
Lord GrNiTiUe. — 1 am always, my dear* 
Sit SrederidL, your afiectfonate brother, - 
' (Signed^ Geokoe, P. R. 

P. & i shall send a copy of this letter 
iBimediately*^ Mr. PeroevaU 

^P^ fj" Lords Grey and GreneiUe, 

Pgbntary 15, 1812. 

Sot,— We beg leave most humbly to 
eipi^NS to your Royal Highness ourduti- 
fol acknowledgments for the gracious and 
ooodesoending manner in which you have 
had the goodness to communicate to.ns 
the letter of his Royal Highness the Prince 
fiMBt, on the sulject of the arrangemeots 
ts4ie now made for the future administra- 
tianof the public .affairs ; and we take the 
liberty of availing ourselves of your gra- 
dons permission to address to your R^al 
Highness in this form what has OQCurred 
to OS in-oensequence xA that communica- 
tion. The Prince Regent, after expressing 
to jonr Ronit Highness in that letter his 
setkiments S var^us public matters, has, , 
mtbft concluding paragraph,condescended 
to intimate hif wibb, that " soipe of those 
penons with whom the early habits of his 
pnblic life were formed would strengthen 
his Royal Higbness's hands, and consti- 
tol^apartof bis Government:" and his 
loyal Highness is pleased to add, " that 
vith such support, aided by a vigorous and 
united administration, formed on the most 
libem) basis, he would laok with addition- 
al confidence to a prosperous issue of the 
most arduous contest in which Great Bri- 
tain baa ever been engaged.^' On the 
other paijts of his Royat Highness's letter 
ne do not presmne to offer any observa- 
tiQnsi but in the concluding paragraph, 
in an for as we may venture to suppose 
omielves included in Ihe f^cious wish 
vkidMi esepreaaes, we owe it in obedience 
aaidnky to his Royal Highness to explain 
ooiselvea with frankness and sincerity. 
Weheg leave most earnestly to assure 
hii Rc^al Highness, thap no. sacri^des, 
csecpi those of honour and duty, could 
s g f ca t lo ua too great to be made, for the 
Maomi Februarjf^ 1812. 

(3 



n 



purpose of healfaig the divisions of our , 
country, and uniting both its Government 
and its People. All personal exclusion we 
entirely disclaim : we rest on public mea- 
sures ; and it is on this ground alone that 
we must express, withont'reserve, the im- ^ 
possibility of our uniting with the present * 
Government. Our differences of opinion ' 
are too many and too important to admit ^ 
of such union. His Royal Highness will,, 
we Bfe confident, do us the justice to re- 
member, that we have already twice acted 
on this impression ; in 1809, on the propo- 
sition then made to us^udder bis.Miyesty'8 
authority ; and last year, when his Royal 
Highness was pleased to require our ad- 
vice respecting the formation of a new 
Government. The reasons which we then 
humbly submitted to him are strengthened 
by the increasing dangers of the times ; 
nor has there, down te this moment, ap- 
peared even any appros^imation towards 
such an agreement of opinion on the pub- 
lic interests, as can alone form a basis for 
the honourable union of parties previously 
opposed to each other. Into the details 
of these differences we are unwilling to - 
enter ; they embrace almost a)l the lead- - 
ing features of the present policy of the 
Empire ; out his Royal Highness has, ^ 
himself, been pleased to advert to the late 
deliberations of Parliament on the affairs 
of Ireland. This is a subject, above all 
others, important in itself, and connected 
with the most pressing dangers. Far from 
concurring in the sentiments which his 
Majesty's Ministers have, on that occa- 
sion, so recently expressed, we entertain 
opinions directly opposite : we are firmly 
persuaded of the necessity of a total change 
in the present system of government in 
that country, and of the immediate repeal 
of those civil disabilities under which S9 
large a portion of his Majesty's subjects 
still labour on account of their religious 
opinions. To recommend to Parliament 
this repeal is the first advice which it 
wouhi be our duty to offer to his Royal 
Highness; nor could we, even for the 
shortest time, make ourselves responsible 
for any farther delay In the proposal of a 
measure, without which we could entertain 
no hopes of rendering ourselves useful to 
his Royal Highness, or to our Coontry. 
We have only therefore further to beg 
your. Royal Highness to lay before his 
Royal Highness the Prince Regent, the 
expression of our humble duty, and the 
sincere and respeetful assurance of our 
earnest wishes for whatever may best pro- 
mote the ease, honour, and advantage, of 
his Royal Higbness's Government, and the 
success of his endeavours for the public 
welfare. We have the honour to be, flftc 

GSEY. 
Gft£NVIiLB« 

T9 his Rofal HighMSs iht Duke qf York, 



1 86 List of Sfierifi.'^Spring Circuits cj the Judffsi. [Fe*. 



SHBRtFFS afpfinUd by the Punici 
RfCBMT in Council for the Ymr 1819/ 
Be4fordsi,'^. Cooper, of ToddingUOtesq* 
Berkshire, — Geo. Elwes, of Marcbam, esq* 
Buckinghamshire.^^, Salter, of Stok? 7o- 

ges^tesq. 
Cambridge and Hi<n/tiig«fonMir«.— JohnCiir* 

staira, of Woodharst, esq. 
Cheshire, — Edrntind Y^tes, of IncQ, esq. 
Cornwall. — J . V ivian, of Pepcalenne<:k»e9q« 
Cumberland, — ^Thom«8 Hartley* of IJoAth- 

waite, esq. 
Derbyshire. — R. Batfman» o|, Fqston, esq. 
Devonshire, — Jas. Hay» of Colly priest, esq. 
Dorsetshire. — ^Thomas' Horlock Bastardy of 

Charlton Marshall, esq. 
Essex, — Sir Robert Wigram, of Waltbam- 

stow, hart. 
Gloucestershire,'^S\r William Hicks^ of 

Witcomb Park, bart 
Herefordshire. — ^Tbo Jay, of Demdale, esq. 
Hertfordshire. — J.Currie, of Essenden, esq. 
JCeA/.— John Wells, of Bickley, esq. 
LancaWer.— Edward Greaves, of Culclletl^ 

esq. 
Leicestershire, — ^R.Ch«s\yii,of Laiigley,esq, 
Lincolnshire. —^eo. Lister, of Qirsby, esq. 
Monmouthshire, — C.Lewis, of St.Pierre,esq. 
JVbr/o/^.— John Tumei* Hales, of Hard- 

iDgham, esq. 
Northamptonshire, — ^Peter Denys, of Eas- 

ton NestoD, esq. 
Korthiemberland, — Ralj^ 3i)ies, of Mil- 
bourne Hall, esq. 
NotiinghttmsMre.'^Hugh Blades, of Ranby 

Hall, esq. 
Oxfordshire. — Francis. Sackville Lloyd 

Wbeate, of Glympton Park, esq* ' 
Rutlandshire. — Gerard Noel Noel, of Ex- 
ton, esq. 



Shrepshm^^'f^y^ Lys|«r, •i Roivtoa, siM|. ^ 
Sfmersetslure.'^W\\\mm. Vangban, of 

Monktoi) Ofoibe, esq. 
Stqfordskire. — Thomas MottenbMs of- 

Stlkodore Housnt esq. 
Sctu/^^ots^laii.— Tbomas Thistletbwayte, off 

Soutbwick, esq. 
^((^M**-^Riohajrd Moore, of Melford, esq. 
8urrey,'^ThomBM Starling Benton, of' 

Champion Lodge, ^sq. 
Sj/tsiex.-^eo. Fra«Tyson, of Singleton, esq. 
fVarwicksh.'-^Hiim. Peach, of Idlieote, esq. 
tViit^hire.'-^iX Will. Pierce Aihc A*Gouvt, 

of Hcytesbury, bart. 
fVorcestersh*'^. Baker, of Wareslty, esq. ■ 
Yorkshire.-^Sir Thomas SUngsby, of Scri« 

ven Park, bart 

South Wales. 
CarmMTthensh.'-^ohm George Phillips, off 

Cwingwilly, esq. 
Pembrokeshire,-^Beury Scourfield, of Ro- 

beston Hall, esq. 
Cardiganshire, -'^r'ti&ih Jones, of Cardi- 
gan, esq. 
G/amorgaa.— Morgan Popkin Traheme* 

of Goytrahene, esq. 
Bjecon. — Charles Fox Crespigiiy, of Tmi* • 

lyn, esq. 
i2a^or.«-ThonMS Grove tite younger, of 

Cwn £Uaa»*esq. 

NOATS WAI.tiS« 

iMVrione/A.—'Wm. Wynne, of Penairtbvcsq, 
Carnarvonsk.'— 'The Honw Peter Kdbert 

Drummond Barrel I, of Gwydir. 
Akgle^.-^Uugk Buikeley Owcn^ of Co- 

edana» esq. 
Montgomery. ^^(r, Meares; of Fynnant, esq«> 
Denbighi-fare.'^WiW'mm ^wacd«, ot' Hen.. 

<lre Uuuse, esq. 
i^^in^.-^Hu. Humphreys, of Pasypille, esq. 



..^a. 



CIRCUITS OF THE JUPGES. 



SPRING - Midland. 
CIRCUIT. 



1812. 



UElienbro' 
J. Bay ley 



L. C. Justice 
J. Heath 



Sat Feb. 29 
Mon.Mar.2 
Wednes. 4 
Thursday b 
Friday 6 
Saturday T 
Monday 9 
Tuesday 10 
Wednes. 11 
Thursday 12 

Friday 13 
Saturday 14 
Monday 16 
T^iesday n 
Wednes. 18 
Thursday 19 
Saturday 21 
Monday 23 
Thursday 26 
Saturday 28 
Monday 30 



Northampt 



Oakham 
L'mc. & Cit\ 



N0RFOX.K. 



L. C Baron 
J. Grose 



Aylesbury 



Bedford 



{iuntingdon 



Home. 



-•-4. 



Hertford 



Nott&town 



Derby 



Leic. & Bor. 



Coventry & 
[Warwick 



Cambridge 



Chelmsford 



rhetford. 



Bury St Ed. 



NOBTHERN. 



B. Thomson 
.1. Le 



OxPOBD. Westskn. 



i. Lawrence 
Blanc B. Wood 



Reading 
Oxford 



m00\ mm — ^ 



J. Chambrie 
B. Gmham 



York & City 



Maidstone 



Wor.&GHy 



p*."*^ 



Winchester 



New Sarum 



Stafford 



Shrewsbury 



Horsham 



Kingston 



Lancaster 



Hereford 



Monmouth 
Glou. l&City 



Dorchester 



Exeter' and 
[City 



Laoncesttta 



Taunton 



jsiaj ThMrkiU BegisUa^^Pr^trmenti^ yic.^Births. IS7 



THBATRICAL REQISTfia 

GoviMT GAKDtN THJiATftl. 

Jan, 31. The Virgin qfthe Sun, by Mk. 
Setfwoids; tak«B piotly ^FOfll MaimoBtePs 
romance of the Ineae, and pw^J fronK 
totzebue. One of the iaeidleiitt ti th\t 
piece is completely new^ %o tbe Sta|pa>«~it 
is that of a gtonn, aeoompanted by m vio** 
kot earthquake. The nd^le stag*» by 
machinery of a singiilaff coMtractionj^ 
rodn and tweUs lik« a sea, and the s plen- 
^ domes of the Temple of tbe Sim are 
dashed in fragments on the ground. 

Gazettb FaoMotioNS. 

Downing'Street, Feb. 21. Majot^gen. 
Charles Wale, (Sovernor and CooMnauder-. 
ni-4:hief of Martinique.-- Miyor-gen« the 
Bon. Robert Meade> Lieut^governor of 
Cape of €oo<l Hope.— >Lieot.-col. Charles 
Napier, Lieiit^goveiiior of the Virgin 
Islands.— Lieut.-colonel Thomas Davey, 
Lieot^govemor of Van Ctiemen'a Land. 

WTniehgUl, Feb, 22. His R. H. the Prince 
Segent has been pleaesed to grant the dig« 
Dity of an Earl of the Umted Kingdom 
unto Right hon. Arthur Viscount WeHing- 
ton, K. B. by the title of Earl of Welling* 
too, in the county of Somerset.— ^Lieut.- 
gen. Thomas 6raham> Lieot-^gen. Roiw-- 
land Hill, and Major-gen. Sir James Auch- 
DHity, knighU of the Bath. . 

ClFIL PaOMOftONt, 

Lord Castleceagb, Chief Secretary of< 
State for Foreign Affairs^ vict Marquis 
WelMey. 

Hon. J. Abercromby, Commander^ in 
Chief and Second in Oonncil at Madras, 
uce Auchmnty, resigned. 

N» B. Edmonstope, esq. Provisional 
Coansellor at Fort William, Bengal. 

Fomgn-'officey Feb. 14. The Prince Re- 
gent h&« iippointed Robert Hesketb, esq. 
Consul at the Port of Maranhae, and in 
the a()joining provinces of JHii*» andScara. 

£arl of Ancnmr, Lovd LieutenaM of the 
«Ofnty of RfOxburghv 

Lieut Oxley, R. N. Surveyor-general 
of I««dff in ^ew Sonth Wales, vtc* Grimee, 
r^igpeiL ■ • 

Mr. Baiter, onoof tbe Polic&Magislratetf i 
at Hattan-fparden, baa been appointed to 
Manlborough-str^t, vke Brodiet deceased. 
Mr. Birttit:< is appointed to Union-ball; 
lod Mr. Chambers suoceeds to HattoA- • 
SudM. ' * - 

Job^ Gleedr 6sq.« barrister-at-law' and - 
reeorder of Readiiig» Solicitor of the Ex« 
cite hi Scotland, vice Jackson, deceased, 

R«v. J. A»- HuttOQ, Head Master of tbe 
Free Csanlsiar-sflbeol at XAuncestoik 

Ret« Ufik9it% Svani, I^langelynin B.-— 
Bai^ Bob^- J^ntf^ Bonfe^u . R^ 



Wm.Ettis, Bt A. RliSw It «ir aU in Car- 
narvohshire. 

RoF. John SleiraH, M. A. Stcond Mas-^ 
tor of tbe Charter-banse, Haliiagbury R. 
Essex, tke Raine, deeaaaed. 

Rev. C W. Btasbfteid, Gofytre R. Mon- 
mouthshir^. 

Rer. John Woodburtt, M. A. KinglBton 
R. Cambridgeshire, vioe PembertoOy do- 
oeas^ 

Rev. J. Dampier, M. A. rector of Wef-i 
teoii, Hoiils, collated to a Prebend o^ 
Ely, vice Morgan, decailsed. 

Rev. R. Corfteld, Pitchfbrd R. Shrop- 
shire, vice Walcot, deceased. 

Rev. W. Geo. Freeman, M. A. Milton 
R. Cambridgeshire, OTfe Key, deceaiied. 

Rev. Jonathan Aldersou,' M. A. Herthill 
and Tedwick RR. Yorkshire, vicei- Hewitt, 
tii«eased. 

Rev. D. Curtis, to the liwnga of Wy- 
tham and A I bury, vke Wacey. 

Rev. Marti'rt Sandys Wall, Chaplain to 
the Centaun 

Rev. William GahrTownley, B. A. and 
Rev. J. Hewlett, B. D. Chaplains in or^ 
difisry to the Priiice Regent, 

Rev. Henry Pearsdn^ Morton V* Der- 
byshire. 

Rev. Thomas Wright, Tlietford perpe- 
tual Curacy, NoHbHc. 

Rev. John Foley, M. Ai Holt R. with 
the Chapel of Little Witley annexed* 
Worcestershire, ' 

Rev. Wm. Singleton, Dale V. near 
Gainsboaough. 

Rev. J. J. Cookesi Astley R. Worces* 
tershire. 

Rev. Jn, Webb, Tretyr^ R. Herefordsh. 
Rev. James Oakes, rector of Tbstook 
and RaUlesden, Suflblk, to tlie Cure of 
tbe endowed Chapel of Gi|>ping. 

Rev. George Kent, Horsham St Faith's 
perpetual Curacy, and Horsham V. Norf. 
Rev, Dr. Lloyd, Hebrew Professor at 
Cambridge, Chaplain of Haslar Hospital. ' 
Rev. Matthew Arnold, Cha^aiii to the' 
Forces in -Sicily. , 

Rev. J; Vttnder-Menlen, LL. B. vicar 
of Messing,' Essex, and a mtnor canon of 
St Pan^s, BtlohampSt. P?»ul V. Essex. 

Rev. P. S. Dodd, M. A. A)drington R. 
Sussex. 

Rev. T. Preke, M. A. vicar of South 
Tawton, Down St. Mary K. Dwon, u«* 
R6v. H. Martin, resigned. 

Rdv. William Pugh, M. A. Bottithom 
V» Cambridgeshire. 

Rev. Thomas Home, St* Katharine Oole^ 
man R. Londoti* 

Rev. Mr« Webber, Cha]^latn to the 
House of Commons, vice Rev. Mr. Ptoby^ 

Births. 
>knii 21. In Dublin, Right Hdn. Lady 
Lucy Ansie Cassan, a son. 

iMehf, 



188 



^irihs.^Mmrriagts ofrewarkaMe Perms. [Jfrf^ 



ZaWjf«ni01oiiC68ter-place« Lady Sarah 
Murray, a daughter. 

InGrosTetaor-pJace, Lviy Btirrell, a son. 

In Hereford-street, the wife of J. Owen, 
esq. M. P. a still-bom soh. 

In New.ttreet, Spring^^rdeas, the wife 
of J. Smith, esq. M. P. a son. 
. At Blithfield, co. Staft>id, Lady Har- 
riet Bagot, a son. 

At Northam Cottage, Lady La Call/a 
daughter. 

The Hereditary Princess of Bavaria, a 
son, baptized Ma^miiiao. 

i^^. 8. In CbarlQtte-street, Blooms- 
bury, Hon. Mrs, Wing, a trj^, 

Feb. 11 Lady Ellenborough, a dau. 

Feb, 17. At Westcliff, Isle of Wight, 
the lady of Sir Thonjas Tigered, bart. a 
daughter. 

Feb. IQ. Udy Twisden, of Brad-' 
bourn park, Ke^t, a i^p, who died soon 
after his birth. 

Fj^b. 25. In St. James's-place, the 
<<ounte8S of Loudon and Moira, a daugh. 

• If 

Marriages. 

Jiw. 18, J. Al Graham Clarke, esq. eld- 
est son of J. G. C, esq. of Penham-house, 
Northumberland, to Mary Elizabeth, only 
daughter of L. Parkinson; esq. of Kinners- 
ley-castle, Herefordshire. 

Jon. 21. Bem^ Skrine, esq. of War- 
Ipy, Somerset, to Caroline Anne, afth 
daughter of the late Rev, B. Spry, of 
Bristol. 

Jan. 28. Mayor-gen. Oswald Younger, 
of Dunhikier, to Mi^ Charlotte Murray 
Aynsley, dahghter of the Ikte Lord Cha. A. 

JkTu 29* Bev. W. G. Freeman, M.A, 
rector of Milton, Cambridgeshire, to Ca- 
therine, eldest daughter of Maurice Swa. 
bey, esq. LL. D. 

Lately, Viscount PalmerstOQ, to Miss 
Sullivan. , ^ 

Adrian Harman Bicker Caarten, esq. of 
RoCterda^, to< Sarah Mary; sole heiress 
of the late Andrew Van Yrendtfom, of 
Lambeib, fehnerly of Botterdam. 

Rev. Regmald Wynniat, to Catherine, 
youngest daughter and coheiress of the 
late F. W. Bridges, esq. of Tibert^n-co^rt, 
CO. Hereford. 

Lieuu Col. M'Nab, to Miss Annabella 
Walker, of Sunning-b^II, Berks. 

At Cbelte9ham, J3ennis McCarthy, esq. 
to Aime, dau. of Richard Power, esq. M.P. ^ 

At Lichfield, Chappel Woodbouse, esq. 
to Amelia, youngest daughter of Sir Cha. 
Oakley, b%rt. 

Dr. D. J. H. Dickson, Pbsrsician to t|ie 
Fleet at the Leeward Islands, to Miss 
Tracey. 

At Gretna Green, Hon. Wm. H. Lamb» 

ton, esq. of Darhiim> to Miss Chohnon- 

deley, daughter of tbe^Iate celebi^at^ 

Madame St. Alban. 

.F$b. h Re7. Walter Radcliff^ oif War- 



leigh-houie, Devon, to Miss Abbey Em- 
maFrauco, niece of Sir Manasseh Lopes, 

' «/'**• 2. Edward Thomycrofk, esq. of 
Thomycro^ Cheshire, to Anne, Doiimger 
Viscountess Barringtos. 

FeA. 3. By special licence, John Lyon, 
«sq. of Hetton-house, Durham, to Anne, 
tecond daughter of Barrington Price, esq! 
of Sparsholt-house, Berks. 

At Leyton, Essex, William Cottoo, esq. 
to barah, only daughter of Thomas Lane. 
^% i ^^ Grange, Leyton. 

Feb. 4. C. Ibbetson, esq. of Pown-hail. 
Essex, to Charlotte, eldest daughter of T. 
Stoughton, esq. of Bath. 

Feb. 6. Charjes Delves' Broughton, esq, 
to Mary Anne, eldest di^ighter of Jolm 

Atkinson, esq of Bank, near Manchester. 

The Earl of Ilchester, to Caroline, se- 
cond. daughter of the late hod George 
Murray, Bp. of St. David's. 

Feb. 7. R. A. Slaney, esq. of Hatton 
5r*°/^' Salop, to Miss Muckleston, of 
Walford. daughter of the late Dr. M. 
Du^l^' ^"* Berwick, to Miss Sophia 

Feb. 10. John Parkinson, esq. to Fran- 
ces, dau^ter of the late John T. Foster, 
esq, member of the late Irish Ri^liament. 

T A^K -MacdonaM; esq. -to 

Lady Caroline Edgecumbe, second daugh- 
ter of Eari Mount Edgecumbe. 

R. J. Mansburgh St George,- esq. of 
Headfort Castle, co. Galway, to' Sophia^ 
second daughter of W. Cunliffe Shawe, esq!* 
of Southgate-houSe. ^ 

Feb. 15. Charles Gilchrist, esq. of Sno- 
bury, to aara, daughter of the late Benj. 
Baldwin, esq. of Oakin^am. 

Feb. 18. By special licence. Sir Alex. 

^r^^'ckltr* "^- ^^' ^ ^- 

At Winchester, J. Story, esq. of Bing- 

^r c* 2^'^^'*"' ^ ^^"w» daughter ot 
of Sir P. Gay, bart » -^ • "V 

Feb. «). Frederick Mallhig, esq. of 

l!l 7^ 'i^, ^°^ f*^^ daughter ^ 
Rev. Dr. Wilgress, of Eltham. * 

♦.^* ^' ^?^^ '^' ^ TW^orth, Wito, 
*^ ^aria Christiana, eldestdanghter of J. 
Hb Pakenhara, esq. of Gratton-steeet. 

Feb. 23. At Lymington. L. H. Kings- 
ton, e?q. (second son of J. K. esq. M. F.^ 
tq Frances Sophia-Rooke, seconddaighter 
of the late Hon. Mr. Juslioe R. ' 

At Putoey, E. Whitmore, esq. banker, 
of Lombard-street, to Frances, eldest 
daughter of J. P. Ken«ngton, esq. of 
Lime Grove. a » "^ 

Capk J, N, Fisher, of the Royal Bf«. 
rines, to Miss E M, Walker, Mtst dau. 
* 1^*^**' <><^ Swimiww.park, Yorksb. 

im *1'^^ ^^^'^^ ^^ *•» mairiage of 
Mr. Wilham Pole Tyhiey Long WeMeslcy 
to Miss TyUiey Lwig, (in p,ge w,) wM 

1«1L 



1812.] ObituoTif: with Anecdotes of re^narkaU^ Persons. I8i 



1811. AT BuUgunge, near Caltutta, 
Juhf^. the wife of Major-gen. John 
Garstin, of the Engineer Corps. 

'^Bombaif battle, Aug. 8. The Ho- 
flourable Uie Govprnor ill Cuuncn an- 
Bonoces, with great regret, the d^ah of 
Jonathan Thorp, esq. President of the 
Medical Board on t^his Establishment, 
w)io died on^ Monday evening tlie 5tn itisit. 
In the nunterons and respectable train, 
chril and military, which followed his re- 
mains to the grave, his surviving; friends 
and connexioas beheld a sad but grateful 
proof of the general regard and esteem 
which he had enjoyed whilst livThg.** 

Bombay Courier Aug. S, 1811, 

Sept. €7/ At Reading, Kerks, after a 
few days illness, in his 72d year, Mr! 
John Moore, a very »irelligeni and. 
respectable plumber. H^ was a native of 
Ramcgate, Kent; and first settled i;i bu- 
siness at Winghani, in hat ointy. Dur- 
ing bis residence at Wingham, he exe- 
cated, with much taste, an altar-piece 
lir the chuich of St. Margaret at Ciift*, 
lear Dowftt the merit of which has been 
pointed uut by our valuable Correspond- 
ent Mr. Cozens, in a former volume of 
this Magaai^e fvo!. LXXIIl. p 506.) In 
1775, aa opportuntiy of !»u<:peeding to a 
)ong-«|tabJi8he(i bus nejs, in his line, at^ 
Bead^g, induceii him o remove to that 
town; where It^ < on':in'.ied til< his death, 
very oMirh esteen ''i and respected for 
^ good Sfose, mi.^^^niy, and bunevoience. 

At Batavia, Cap*. James Hi'i, Ut batt, 
59th foot, youngest boti of James H. gent. 
Bristi^ 

Nov.l.At.Dtal, Kent, in her 87th 
year, Mrs. Frances Ha Ike, widow of the 
lateLieot. Benj. H of the Roval Navy; 
pnd only diaughter and heiress^of the late 
Capt. T. Maoley, of the Chesterfield East 
Indiaaiaa, wh* died a. Madras in 1738. 

Ai(ro..4. At M^sina, after seven days 
illness, Capt. Hill, son of Or H. of De- 
vizes; assistant •adjutant -general to the 
amy in Sidy, and iate aid de-camp to 
the Commander-in-Chief at Malta, in 
which situation his merit and abilities 
were greatly distinguished. ^ 

Nw, 8. At Surinam> after a few days 
iOnesf, C. F. Bentinck, esq. of Wei beck- 
street, goveniorand codnmander-in- chief, 
kc cNf that colony. From his abilities, 
urbanity, and exertions in the hrniourahre 
situation lie held, the mhabi^nts of the 
settlement have, with p. namerdus circle 
of friends and -relatives in this country, 
most sincerely to deplore his loss. 

Jiee, 29.^ At, Dessau,' her Serene High- 
ness Louisa Henrietta Wilhelmiha, reign- 
ing Dochest of Aahnk-Dessau ; and daugh- 
ter of the late Henry f'rederick, Margrave 
of Braodenbargh - Schweiidt. She wai 
k(nSept^lS4» IIM. 
At Upmm, lo his 40tb jrnr> Ki^ 



general Vcsey, in whom the British 
armv have lost a brave and worthy efficer* 
He had been on a tour round the Ionian 
Isles and through the Archipelago, wheo» 
on his return, be was seized with a ma- 
lignant fever; and, on bis arrival at Mes<» 
sine, the disorder bad made so great a 
progress, thai all medical aid was vain, 
He^'v^s buried with military honours. 

Dec. 24. Lost in the St. Oeoige, off 
the coast of Jutland, Admiral Reynoldt* 
(See pp. 74, 174.) The Kmg of Dra- 
mark, it is said, has ordered bis reosaint 
to be brought to Copenhagen, that they 
may be conveyed to England. 

Wrecked in the Defence, off the coast 
of Jutland, and expired a few minntei 
after reaching li^nd, Capt. Atkins. Hie 
remains wose taken out of Pralthing 
church-yard, carried to the chorch of 
Husbye, and deposited in the sacristy 
with doc military honours. The resident 
clergyman, Mr. Seiesrited, held a dit- 
cour>;e on the occasion, which was heard 
with )^reat approbation. 

Dec. 38. At Northallerton, aged 87, 
Mr. William Smitb» late of the Black 
Bull Tnn ; one of tlte oldest and original 
prop.setors of the London and fidin- 
burgh mail coach. 

Dec. ... At Northallerton, aged 90^ 
Mr. Robert Simpson, of the Pack Horse 
inn. He was many years ostler, in hit 
younger days, at the King of Pnissia't 
Head, and at Dowson's inn, the Old 
Black Swan, in Northallerton: he was 
ostler at the latter ion, at the time of the 
Rebellion 1745, and rode express from 
Northallerton to Newcastle- apon -Tyne» 
with dispatches from General Wade« 
whote army was then encamped in the 
old Homan encampment, the "Castle 
Hills/*- West of Northallerton. 

1819. Jan. 10. At Fort Augustus, N. B. 
Lieut.-col. George Brodie, late deputy 
governor of that garrison, 

Jan. 13. In her 81st year, Susanna* 
relict of Rev. P. Lepipre, rector of Aps* 
ley, Bedfordshire. 

Jan. 14. At Islington, in her 80th year, 
Mrs. Anne Bettesworth, reliotofRev. Ed- 
mund B. M. A. formerly vicar of High- 
worth, in Wilts, son of the right worship- 
ful Dr. B. Dean of the Arches, and bro- 
ther of Dr, Bettesworth, Chancellor of 
London. She was the daughter of Rev. 
Thomas Harwood, M. A. of Streatley. 
Farm, co. Berks, and rector of Shep^rto% 
CO. M%diilesex; and grandaughter of the 
Rev. Thomas Harwood, D. D. aUo of 
Streatley Farm, and rector of Littleton* 
in Middlesex. ^ 

Jan. 14. "At the Master's Lodge of the 
Lady HungerfbixPs Hospital, inCorsham, 
CO, Wilts, at the advanced age of 80, Ed* 
ward Hasted, esq. the Kentish Historian^ 
V,R.& attd aA» His labonoos History 

todk 



X 



iflp ', Qbitmryi ■s^itk Anecdotes ^mmritfble PeFtma. [Feb, 

took bin up more than 40 jt»n, during 
itie vbole tet'm of nbich he spared nei- 
i bring 



Vpmmunicative diepositioB. Hii friends 
ra hitn havt; to liment the most opaa- 
hearird aonby man, aod aa «iiterUiiunf, 
cheerful, and impfoTing eonyHnJon. 

Jan. 17. .Al Cramwell cottaga, QUA 
Brompton, Mr. J.''UeigeUiid, lata of 
Fleet-streeL 

AtStamfaH-biU, aged 73, tSt.&. Honri. 
At BreDtfbrd, in her 80Oi yew, Itfr*. 
Mary Sherwill, relict of Uarhhani BcIm 
S. esq. late of Westoa-greeu, Surrey. 

Mr. Wallii, remitter of the Bath GaM- 
ral Hospila.!, and formerly on epuloM 
draper of CbippiuK Sodbury. 

Jon. 19. At Bridinpon-honi^ soar 
Bristol, in CDuaequence of beinjc dreadfully 
burnt the preceding evening, by a^rark, 
as it is supposed, falling from a eaudla 
iipon the b^-clothcB, aged 5 yesra, Ednin. 
Fydell Fox, son of Edw. Long F., M,D. 

Fell glorioiii^ly on the breach of CiudacL 
Kodrigo, Major-gen. M'Kianun, He una 
' Ifrumoneof the most BDtient fa- 
Scotland; being a youiigei toa 
ler part of hii life be of tbe late W. M'KmDon, esq. who was 
of adTCTie fortune, the tepresentatire of tbe younger bn»o1i< 
which obliged biiu lo quit his resl- of the Lairds of ^'Kiunon, which knudki 
<}ence ia Kent, after which he liTed ia became the elder about two yean ap), bf 
obscure retirement, and far aome liuK the extinction of the other. At au atrif - 
in the eavironl of London, noticed by a age hcentered iutothe ColdMreamguardt; 
few valuable friends, from wbom he re- and served bi* flrsC Campaign lindw tW 
CeJTed constant tokens of benevolent Dukeof York in Melland, Duringfll^ie- 
fKendship; as having known bin in more hellion in Ireland, he was Brigade-niaj^la 
fitrtunate ciicumslaneea, several of whom Gen. Sir G. Nugent, where he a a* watk- 
aie of the rank of Nobility, and of high able tor bis couriije, humanity, and good 
estimation in life. A fe* years ago, hit conduct. The Gazette of that lioie par- 
bonourable and highly respected patron tioularl^ nnticea him. He served ■in the 
and friend, the Earl of Radnor, presented expedition to Egypt. In the year ISOS, 
faioi 10 tbe Mastership of the Hospital at he served with hii regimeut in Germaay, 
Corsham in WilUhire [a most desirable under Lord Cathcart; as wril as at th« 
asylum), to lihich he then removed ; and, taking of Copenbagen, in 1807. He again 
having obtained, a few years ago,*lhB embarked at the end of 1 gOS for tbe Pe- 
Chancellor's decree for Ihe recovery of ninsula ; where an action was fuujbt. on- 
itales in Kent, of which he had been der Lord Wellington, in which bis name 



still 

if the pub lick, 



_ . ! and a deputy- 
lieutenant for the County of Kent whh 
uncommon zeal and activity. He «ai 
the only son of Edward Hasted, of Haw- 
ley, in that county, esq. barrister at law, 
was descended paternally from the noble 
family of Clifford, as be was maternally 
from the antient and knightly family of 
the Dingleys of Woolvenoo, in the Isle 
of Wight. 9y Anne his wife, who died in 
1S03, Mr. Hasted left four sons and two 
dangblers, of whom the eldest i^uu is now 
a respectable 'clergyman, vicar of Hol- 
lingborue, wilh the Chapel cf Hucking 
annexed, near Maidbtone, in Kent, and 
in the Commission' of ihe Peace for that 
County. 



defrauded, it enabled him again to enjoy 
tlie sweets of an independent competence 
during the remainder of his life*." 

Jan. 15. A lUplcy, Surrey, aged 82, 
Mr. W. Oriflin, formerly 
Talbot inn, Ripley. 

At Brecon, Theoptiilus Jones, esq. tlia 
Historian of Brecknockshire ; in whom 

molt pure integrity, a Lighly respectable 
de^ee of talent, and good nature in the 
eilreme, combining all with 
playful imaginaijon, and i 



3 



mentioned with the highest praise il 
the dispatches. Tbe General married ia 
1804, the youngest daijghteT of ihelate Jiif 
. J. Coll, bart. who is left with two Jafanta. 
of the After Ihefall of CiudBdltodriga^tkebody 
of Major-gen. M'Kinnoa was found, and 
wilh difficulty recognised! and his regl-. 
ment shewed all thereipact possible ta tbe 
remains of so brave and mfritomus aa.. 
oiGcer.—Capt. Dobbs was .binied within 
a yard of his gallant General. 

Jan. 20. In SloBiie-atreet, in the 3fitli. 
year of her age, Mary, wifii of WJIIiaM 
Horsley, MuB. Bac, Oion. Sfaeenduvcd,' 
a longpEivstioii jif Jiealth with cbeavfal- 
ness and fortitude, and met her diaiola- 
tiqo wilh.a degree of .composure and re- 
signation oot.to.be exoeedril. 
After a^shoft illness, .aged 4i, '" 



■• ".I veqiiest my Enecutorto cansi 
itijlawing msertion, immediately atUi 
ddath, to be sent for that purpose tc 
Prittifher o^ the Geotlenian's Magai 
to be inseite^ in the Obituary of the 

M'a'gazlae alter niy death; and I am sure Docker- In the dist^aige.nf her idutira. 
my .pi^ctL-'rSBpected friepd Mj> Nic^U to God, she n*ver lostsight of .ndding-to > 
_:•■.. .._ ...1 . . ._ !^ jj^ comforts of her felltm-rCte^ret. -Xti> ■ 



M 1 2. J Obitmry ; mtk Anecdotes efremarJeahte Persons: \iV 



nni' of her character, 
fMtaarA. 

At Bstb, EKzabeth, relict Of the late 
Thm. HaTcrfieH, esq. of HBtnplon-eoiirt, 
mMber Of ThoL C>Ue;, cKj. of BurdUop- 
pirt.WntJ. ■ 

Miȣmity JDBnRicbardion, daughtei 
of the late Col. Jonea R. esq. of America 

In Clargea- strict, Mr. J. F. Knoche; 



ilred and at Mesars, Petlakt and Green, St. Paul'* 
chUrch-yaid. He left Che office apparently 
in sood health. 



of the drai 






. of t 



K. each k^ 96 yean : tber '^ 
jnarried fiS yean. 

Jan. SI. lnI>ioiwli%, 
Chas. Marsh, esr|. 

[d The Edgvare-road, i' 
Mn. Hristow, lata of Ba 
man-square. 

Aged 63, Wm, Brc 
Hewington-greeii. 

At Bath, iDhilSDih JE 
eiq. late of Heubury, 






of the Sun, aged about ii , __.. 
f the 1st regl. of IJfe Guards ; u. 

Eeulable man, nephew of the late 
jmierij joint pateiiiee with Mr. 
been Oarrick in t!ie Drury-iaoe Theatre. He 
his left a n|fe and Ebur children, 
in hit TSth yea'. At Islibglon, Francii, son of Mr. Sato. 

Kent, of Mark-tane. 
I her 6lst year. At Bromplon, in h«r BTih year. Dame 
ier-street. Port. Amy Johniton, relict of Uk late Sir Vjfm. 

J. bart. of Caskiehen. 
wning, esq. of At Chastleton-hill, Oxoii.agedSO, Mrs. , 

Davies, relict of the iaie Mr. W. D. 
er, Ed*. Fisher, la consequence of the woundi receined 
CO. Gloucester; at the head of bis brigade, in gallinUy' 
iilerable part of entering the breach of t^iodad Rodrieo, 



1 very early period, Majdr-general Craufurt 



I of ben 



On the 3ith, 

[table Ltird Wellington, and every officer in the ^ 
ighboucliood. followed bim to tEie grave. 



only by subscribing 

ioititiRions, bat admiiitsierinc .....^ . 

fbrta of several distressed ^milies. He At Che tii 

»U al<o in the habit of relieving, hy small srderably advanced t 

•umaof money, ciiitbing, and food, num- hnlmating them to i 

hers who came to his house, an* who will There cannot be ■ st; 

bare cause to lament the death of their regard the light diviiio 

WDTthl^and genetous becefacior. following circumstance 

At Puiton- place, Huuts, Henry Pointer to Poitngal last spring 

Staikley', esq. linu, when the army • 

Elizabeth, nifeof Edw. Erastui Deacon, oeire Massena'i attac 

M. f). irf Ecclea, Lancashire. nore, and ai soon as l 

Jon, 32, At Che rectory, Paul's Cray, bead, the whole divisi 

Kent, in ber 3^d year. Elizabeth Mary, cheers in presence o 
■Seof John Simons, esq. "of Thoni-fitnn, 



Ciic«hi 



a his SSil year, Mr. 



t r*er, Bucks, 

^ed 50, Rev, John Adey Ci 
tor of Bictou, CO. GloueeiCer, leaving a t>esl 
wido* and eight young children. thai 

At Wrddicfir-hilt, near Northallerton, grei 
Wm. Hution, esq. a distant relation of the 



army, and they had all tl 



5 great 



higliesC s. 



tbu present illuatrious Commander-in^ 

Chief. In private life, lie was one of the 

best and most estimable of men. The lots, 

that the country sustains in blm is very 

:; and to lus wife and four children it 

pparable, —The following official ac- , 

of Biimlngham of the connt of the fate of thla gallant officer, ad- 

•ime name, drcsied Co the Earl of Liverpool, appeared . 

At Ardua, LochGoeside, in his S6th In the 1.ondoaGazeUe, pf February 22 :—' 

year, Duncau M'Callum. He was SO "My Lord,— Major- gen. Craufurd died, 

years on the estate of Ardkinglass! He on the 34tb ult. of^tbe wounds received on , 

was the first bom, and the lirsC thA died, tl|e 19[h,ahile leadiug the light division of 

of hii father's family ; the rest, a brolher this army to the asiaujc of Ciudad Rodri. 

and a sister, are still living In that neigh- go. Although the conduct of Major-gen. ' 

bourhood. tie has left 6 children, SB C- on llie occasion on which ihesewounds 

grand -children, and 13 great giand-chil- were received, and the circucnstaocet 

di«n. ' which occurred, have cicited the admlra- 

JoN. 23. At Richmond, the infant son of tlon of every offlcer in the army, I cannot 

Daniel Wiilink, esq. reporthls dealh to your Lordship, without 

Aged 75, John Ty lee, esq. bMiket', expressing luy sorrow and regrqt, chat bis' 

Devizes. , Majesty has been deprived of theserticei, 

Ac Trebartha-hall, in his SOtb year, and I of Ihe assistance, of an officer of 

F. Rood, esq. late colonel of Ihe Itoyal tried talents and experience, who was an 

'Cemnallmiljiia. ornament to his profession, and wm well 

Jm. a*. Fell down In Blackfriara-road, calculated to render the most" important 

Mliititlura hotne, Mr. Payne, late elerit Ktviuei In hii couolry.— WiiLntoxoM." 



192 OUiiuzty ; wUh Anecdotes cf remarkable Persons. [Feb. 

Joju 25. At Higbgate, in his 74th year, son, the very respectable clerk of the p«<. 

after a short ilhiess, Mr. Henry Isherwood, rish of St. George Bloomsbury^ which of» 

many years at the bead of the very exten- fice he had filled near 47 years, with great 

Bhre paper-hanging manufactory on Lnd- credit to him^lf and satisfaction to the 

gate Hill ; where be was nearly the oldest parish* The Church is one of the filtf 

bonsekeeper in the parishes , of St. Bride new ones provided by Queen Anne, and 

and SL Martin (his house and warehouses was conseeraied in the year 1730, sinoa 

extending into both). He was almost uni- which it it very remarkable that there 

▼ersally known, and as generally respect- have been but three rectors and two pa-* 

ed, fof his integrity, punctuality, and be- rish-clerk«. The rectors have been, I>r. 

novolence, and fDr a Jew harmless singa- Vernon, Dr. Tarrant, Dean of Peterbo* 

larities in dress and manners. In busi> rough, and Dr. Thomas Willis.— « Mr. 

ness he was ' as punctual as St. Paul's Richard Harrison," another correspondent 

ckx^ i in friendship (at we can, amidst observes, ** was father of the parish clerks* 

many others, testify) warm, steady, and Forastrictand exemplary dischai^ of his 

imramitting in his exertions to assist in duty he was equalled by few, and excelled 

wfkf^ diftculty. And to the distressed of by none. The large wig which he wore 

•very description he was a liberal but un" indicated the grandeur and dignity of his 

ostentations benefactor. In such a man station. His zeal sf>metimes betrayed 

Society in general has lost a link of a him into indiscretions, and caused him to 

most valuable chain. assume a dictatorial air which gave offence 

Miss Randell, of Clapham. to the younger clergy. It was his custom 

At Lieutenant-general Davies's, Grove, for many years to take a solemn walk on 

Blackheath, Mary Rosamond, only daugh- a Sunday morning around the cburch» 

ter of Major Alex. Tulloch, of the royal previously to the commencement of the 

artillery. service, to see, that every thing was in 

At Redland, near Bristol, Rev. Dr. order ; when in the desk, he would fre- 

Thot. Jones, vicar of King's Teignton, quently by his gestures remind strangers 

Devon, and chaplain to the Duke of Kent, of the impropriety of sitting during the 

His many estimable qualities endeared singing of the Psalms. In short, he might 

bim to his family, and to all who knew be truly styled an originaL He was just 

him He had conducted for several years and honest in all his dealings as an under- 

a classical senHnary of high character, taker and upholsterer, and many families 

and in a manrer greatly to his credit, as entertained the highest respect for his 

an able lind accoEnpKshed scholar. ' character. He was so attached to psal- 

At Lowther, J. Richardson, esq. prin- mody, that not even the rector could influ- 

cipal agent to the Earl of Lonsdale, re- ence him to sing less than ^he thought 

ceiver-general and clerk for the county proper. His numerous relations, to trhom 

of Westmoreland. * he had been a sincere friend and liberal be- 

Jan. 2C. Suddenly, the wife of Mr. N. nefactor, have reason to regret his death." 
Beard, of Hoxton-square, and mother of J. Lagier Lamotte, esq. late of Thome- 
Lieut. Geo. 6., who f^l in the battle of grove, near Worcester. 
Aibu^ra. (See last volume, p. 86). Mrs. Vessiere, of Leicester. 

At Upton-place, Essex, aged 45, Elisa- Jan, 28. Thrown out of a gig, in Leaden- 

beth, wife of Anthony Hartshome, esq. of hall-street, in consequence of passing a 

the Custopis. s^Se coach at a quick pace, by which a 

Aged 82, Mr. T. Showell, formerly waggon went over her head and killed her 

master of the Roebuck-inn, Oxford. on the spot, aged 19, the wife of Mr. May, 

Jan, 27. Suddenly, in Hatton-garden, ironmonger, Oxford-street. Her husband 

aged 68, Mrs. Watspn.. was |also thrown out. and escaped with* 

Aged <>1» Anne, wife of Thos. Jackson, out personal hurt ; but has been delirious 

esq. of Camberwell. Her loss will be from the fatal moment 
much regretted by the neighbouring poor. At Richmond, Surrey, in his 88th year. 

Aged 67, J. Mathews, esq. of Sti^tf>rd- Mr. W. Alder, 
green, Essex. At Bicester, after a long illness, aged 27, 

Aged 77, Mr. J. Jennings, of Brandis- Mr. S. Ball, late of the East India Corn- 
ton, Suffolk. Returning home from his pany's naval service. 
son*s house, in the same parish, he met Mrs. White, of Banbnry, relict of the 
the funeral of an old acquaintance, which late Mr. Alderman W, 
^0 affected his spirits, that, after reaching Jan, 29. In Manchester-square, aged 
bis owu house, he died in a few minutes. 66, Rev. Sir John Knightley, bart of 

At Bath, aged 77, Francis Morgan, esq. Fawsley-park, co. Noithampton. Thetitle^ 

late of Shepton Mallet in default of his own issue, de^^cends to the 

At Blechingley, in his 70th year, Mr. children of his deceased brother Charles, 
John Radley. In Harley- street, Urania, Countess 

Jan^ 28. Agod 74^ Mr. Richard Harri« Dowager of Portsmouth. She was, tho 
\ '" daught^- 



i 



1 8 f i] Oiiiuarjf ; ivith Anecdotei of remartcahh Persons. 193 

' . ■* * * 

^aghtecof Coulsoa FeUowct, esq. M. P. \^ Jn ll35, find foitnerl jr . kept the SMT 
and vas married to the' JaU Ear 1. Aag. 21> inn, in that town, for whom an a^sembly^ 
1765L < cooBi «£» buih bbAft^ the ^eath . of 

t^oL Broffie, esq. one of the maf i^nK^S 0«orge li. Ub must bare b^n th6 oldell 
pf Marlbor9«9l>^treet ofiicc* ik: b»U o0)- inhA l>itfH)t of the pia^e wheb he di€d. 
etatifdiDstbe business of the office the pre* At Bath, Mrs. Wcodis, Dadthm* of AA» 
e^ingday, and took a walk afierwardi;^ poirals 8»r' Eritr^foi and- Utae^ -Pellet 
Oa his i^^rji he appeared in a state of At Penpoiiod Hotisfe, AbefgaiieDny, tht 
{tupory joon after he reached his dra^nf- residence of her grandiBothef^ the DoidH 
room be was seized with a paralyiicstrokoi ger i*ady Harrinftoti, Miss : Wniiamv, 
axL .iiner remainiog in a state of inseasi- 
bUi^ ^. hours, expir^. 
l»At the Admiralty, the lady of Sir Jos. 
Sydney Yorke, hart , . 
. ,Avbi»oba9ibecs in the Tendple, J. Qx'm* 
BaLe«-e!K{w.of linooki'^inni late of Christf 
oc^fge, CaoibrNlge.. 

,Tfa« . viiU. of >Ir. £Uezer Ghaler, . of 
Cdmhill. 

,. The ^ufe of Mr. Oaselee, sargeoa, 
JW>Pgh- 

' At Upper Clapton, aged !£2» Aoae, thij 
f\(6. .of J. C. Brace Granty esq. . 

Rev. Mr. Loogmorey vicar of 6reat 
fiaddow, £ssex. . 

.pie wif<»of John Ru8S,esq. ofX^lif^- ^ ~ 

In bar 21st year, jdary,. wife of Mr. Ji t^holmley, esq. 
IriMaii, Bristol. 

L. i^r. druuncker^ esq. of ?>ar/prdir 
^i]te» WijtSy afkl of Pcihams, p(M-»et, 

At l>eddiiigton,.aged 58^ llffr, Vrban 
FM^kiOy lately, diraper at Baobury, but 
fttired from busioeiui' 
. At BognoT) of^ a. W9i3n(f recelxed at tlie 
t»attie of Vimi^a^ aged .35, Msjor T. 
Egm«o, 29th re^ 



only daughter erf" Mrs. Cate, o£ fi]CAo«ll^ 
mvl^grand-daoghtftr of ihelat^Stf Jataei 
tki hart. . 

At Heligoland, iof an apoplectic . fifi| 
ifged'20^ T# Cc. Mason^ .#on of Cafftkin 
T. C. M. of the Pribce of Wiries ^aekat^ 
on the Harwich. 9t«fcHm<i 
< Latel^f In London, -u-— Arceaecttne^ 
eMf« secoad scm.of the lato Chalcrnftr Al 
esq. of 61eterifig^h«Il, Essex. r 

Mr. W. Collinfr, Great Pottland^itfeHif 
author of a po^^ on the Slave Trader 
^^Uf0 of George M<»rlaml*> the artij»t, kc^ 
.Mr. Menefield, late aft attorney <k 
Grantham. . : 

Iir W4ntpat€-8tiWi, tbe reKcfc M Hi. 



't 



Ga|ft. liHitm% Serliw 13tk foot-- 
Aged 76, Mrs. Irtmshle, of TWicliefihaail 
relict of. Itdtmtnd J.,- esq. anthot of th9 
" History of 'rwick«nbam." a 

. . Buelts. — ^At StejsplA ClaydoH, m^ H)2, 
Henry ChamUer, a labouring man. 

. Ce/jrfr/f/^rf.— vftev. Cscsat^or^FaA, iy.I>« 
rector of St raeham, ntor £ly> sMti prebeif^ 
dary of Ely oathedral'} formerly of 
Joit. 3<i Ai' Us<ionDbe*boase>* B^ka^ Christ's college* Gampbrtdge/ A*'B.\hiy\ 
Sr JanathflMi L9vetw hart, the fathjFMr A* M. IT'r^) i>. D. .179^ ' 

iod p^uA pillar of the independent inte^ / Curnwrli. — At Ti^ewao, near iSt. Cola Aib, 
fcstof that co^f»tyn He wa^ «i^ea^ a has aged '<7, Thos., Vyvyan, eSqv I* th^itonw 
looe^ Soj>tember 29r 17« 1.- ^ . -.' wistfioir 6f the peaiie ft* that county. ' 

.At ^sestbory, Wc Rawlins* esq.. suv« . At Fiushing. aged H, wfdKie», se6oodl 
geoQ iii^<h(e'T7ortb Itio^n milit*^ . * .. 
' At So^ChcPt Lodg«,:tr0ar iieadtngy Waiii 
llabbott,,aaq^ of Cne^in^gton, Oxoa. 



fon of .^Mt Thommi Btrrjife, bart; * 

} t'/ifey^/Ve^-^At Bugbwton^ aged 100^ 

Mrs. Herbeit. She eiijoyed g^ood. Imallhi 



St^Menly^^p. Tobias Paviess of tha and reCiinied alt her iaeultiea/kiM withfo a 

Ijad^ Corpacate<>f Lemminattjr. few^ weeks- Af her death. 

'At^,%X, Arged aS} the Bight Hon< 4>i»>ofi.^At Sidnreuth; of (eve«^AioeK<r^ 

p|dy CbapU^ Speoc^, si^er ^o the kke, tixtid iknghtcr . of GregUry Webb«r|/(B^ 

Md a^nt to fbe present, Duke of Sw of Batheaeton. - 

All>an*s. , . At.;Lym|>stOn,' t^ Hon. Mrs. Pennant^ 

, MiudltC^«tto^, in. her .'?5ili year, the daf%hter of Cornwall Mead, thfe firs^ Vi5>* 

wife of Mr. Benjamin Dixon, of \i'ickhank« coum'Hawardco, and w^ife of r-*— « P. esq/ 

IMlbi-Kssex. jDor^/.-*-ln hi<s 67* year, R^. WifK* 

At Wmdsor, Lieut. G. E. Layton, 5^ Trcvelyaa Cox, rectr»r of Cht^ciiugton, and 

l^iiMiit. ^. vicar of Stockiand^ and I»il wood. 

la the 89th yeav othis 9%9^ Mi*.. Georf^ At Weyiwouth, the eldest son of F^ 

Bi^ of Binekley* wher^- he waa bam Renney, esq. of Win>pole-street. 

May ^172S^ and was the last survivor Ai Blaadford, by befng intpvndentl)^ 

of four brothers and- a sister, rather rcr kftsttting before the fire, feU froot b^ 

ilttrkable iaManoaa of longH'^vkv ijt ona chair, and was literally barot tO' a eiMlet^ 



iwniiy: — Mr. Joseph lUff died Mareh'4, 
n95^^g9d*7$^ 6e». Iliff, .laii. 3], 1^12, 
i|ed89> Jabn L Ang^ 7, 1799, a^ed 74; 
FjH^ii L March \%, 1792, aged 64; 
Mary Green, ^eb. 18, 179^^ aged 71 r— 
(^Mige Iliff was churchwarden of Uiock- 
* OniT. Mao. Februar^f 181S. 



aged' 82^ Mrs.' Oxford; 

At Btndon Cottage,, near LuUworth^' 
aged 101, Sarah White. 

Stiddenlyy at the Oalt insv Pool, Mr*' 
Glover, of IVvnem' C«tlii|^^ «04 Mooc^ 
gomery. 



X3 



1^6. Qhifmrjfi vi>.h4iifpio'f^^rtmifi:^ifie,Ptrie^^ [Ffllr.i 

Ip his estj) year, Wm rieW. e■^, of T. P.fU!1>rofC>t<nv>ck.a(*d(2, I*a^Ha, 

panonbury,' RuBsia nieich»nt> &*ghl]< t^ only .uruiving sister, follo^jjis. Ul«i»: 

«pec(ed 'aa f yiq^ tutUij; >ii(l bcnwuleat ypoptsai tjro^iqt giiw^ni, wM 113, aad 

ttan. then listet Maty, ■geJ 2t, W the irwe,. 

Id het |Oll) 5?a(f B3i(,_CIH;i5ti«04.Hut- *nl)in rlw shwtpetiqd of JO «tn)Il|^' 'Cte 

^^, orCUiitun-liuuBe. ci(«u(lihl«lice#at(eB<lwstht<t.4ilftt>>9oftbaM 

.._ !_ ..... .-., ...... ...... / jj. y^y„g pjijdoj are.yo*/ f<iBlrlkat>lA. 

4.lfiii«t »«fi«lll,imi)r«jiy«. , Tfcwir liTp. 

, )rE4war<l)i[i'i<icd.li:o»iIudia,lalniv>n|. 

i-slrfe'i iiutt^f 1^ (Ivp cuumwpti^. i bu (Uler Har]r 

Northsniutna-tnuiLce, Mrv. Gil(l.iun«. wife o.^oie fivin litfiMutiO a^ biaiia> Cbiiwick.^ 

at t^e late ^r. S^lli G- oS sai-nfitotrae. I)u[ «(i)^4 nut be pcfsmiM of l{i« ilxBfara 

hj his 76 Lh year, J aims t!cill;n*kji WJ, until she had heard tbB deeided i^initwwf, 

nf Welli;lose-;oii:t|'e. the mediciii aiU:ndtt^ ^.in iad Arrant 

' ^"hilt- giviiiji orders 10 a Wickl^Ljei on. pcrKMi fof.wliiuh (iiuiMue Eb* ooiweated 

Soiptts Ti"*"' Nr. hen^lf Jtebip^Ilta cwttaini " Now," a»jA- 

i:y I)>U]i Otg.:ii. ^^ B^, " I MS Wtisfitd^ ( llupc I shdil •«' 

Wi .?iSb4 ''^« I»Vf<= sm»iv4hiiu." Sh* «a*iakii> i'' ll>« •«* 

, nwtwflgi;w}4 *(t« 13dayt,.dj«J ji p(«- 

.'m. CiyJ.lcjr,..)!^. of csdiug the oi>jcct of bar lesde* iflliuiiiul*, 

, . (p,lh9^((»velio(ewWtly»,B»OWli- Si«i)w» 

fOth J'e4.^,.£...'f)a4-. but mure Hufiil, basbeen thefaleof poon 

' .' . taalj*! ;-*Fur »fiver«l mawhs put it, l)«d 

jtreet, ac^d 73,, ifte been, tx^ c^pswad d^>aii<ifl, kfAV (lyi 

Jowajci, tpidy a.'si:v letter «Md wmds, llKtb, aiwuw* a« ilio 

Ii),'E^i}ol' Port[V<»)e., iWKl4 ba l» ha,ta b«altb aoik ilnogili. Wi 

( a^o(a|pe-«i«i;t,: arliBiiii8tertoihe<^mforliD/b«t Lmesrin* 

' I(|i.'iSflt->(|Uafe. ' t'^Kt, ]^t aa, loeii «4 ihe. sooae. of biCr 

■ <At tiilvine, $uBstx,, iW wife .^f.J^ipn ^liiciDf abouftl cluu, life wvddi biioaw% 

■ M»rtiaLls};iJ,i:ao. M. y.fjir^^ttjWPS. iuJilf.rtV uj. lta.ii«lf. U<)» u»««W»i»l% 

'it HanleylcafilE, ne'ai CiJtrio,-upi^, v* tb/^ofWitf f^t^dWH*! 0|l*!«d«i(«- 

day the Sib Feb. hi;[ aiKar wMbivW.li •% 

fl.Ma;- ^. afcijaiBaiwei hei bwuytjto 

ChiawicU, whi;re »he arriied nilliuut V^ 

t^st fatigue im. SstuTduo' i <h>> i^tmday, 
after a few hou^ u^ uPBWeqiJy. Iin#«ai 
jodjauMt^iuiic f(uw wbitbL.'Ai' awaara^to 
))i< ^t («<[Ok-«ri|ig;,. IB lbs aili 9fi talfiti^ 
aome refre^hnieiil, ibe miscA bar «]ia)h 
. Bifi), ^lly^ t^ lew eluMttc of featars^r 
. posture, iiDinediatcIf . a^tirad ) •— 'l'h«y> 
were four of tbu. tin, .-bitdf«<> ^l^iiil^e 
^ev. iMlw(4 B(WMb»Bk„ tuoioc.of C-fjft 
jtiiJ Utfi^iiiiKiMm.. iil.tlM .tojUUl <lf IkOiJu 
afid [|rj.-beodariy.*rf.l.intpIfl. 

Ai. Uerbr, 4ft VtfK u( J. IJ^abTt c«l.. 
lale of (he Uerbyihire mililia, 

fy/i, ID-. A^i 4 ft;w.h«uM' itblMI,. <it 

aa,iudainuiA|ary fevar, Jw<^ Ataerao), 

etq. of Portlaudplace,' -, ; 

Iftltedfonl-row, ipihw.eiW jieec,,Jwr, 

. wifcof Charlea Wyalt esq. ; 

Urik- B..^4ddi^eton,. (ifcKaa%!>oun4. 



In Grafluk sireat. ilnDdr«U«uk m.OB 



t^V^iuq^ AA4rew X^lierify, ««(}. ,ii»»aa|r^<^ ^ adveptnrev to iomioD, WitftdutvilRer 

i»f'aieTta^aUet.attha^towj)iaodSw9a»ea^. frieMs or pittMMftag^, IW iNritsrof^yi 

of «kom we iMl 9iv« noine meinpin U^ sketch hud Ufed ia the sane bOimlgriiriUi 

Oi^rpepct, ^ bim, mbSgdU«ii4, blfcbadMiv«rsee«thifli 

F«&. 13. Mr. Jebfl FolU^t.eC the Temple, tiU 178^7^ jrtIma be fiiH|id farai ekiMMied 

clerk of tbe Adfiat* Ur tb«i Wester^Ctrcull. as mastee of aftacadeMf atDeptferd^itt i 

Eetiiniinc late fn>ru Bb^kfi w^s-coad, ii| s^oe of tadef eadeHee^ ^f/ aori^i- easVti 

<;oa>paQjp with >U^ Cooper,, with wfaom p«r tM discnmina rtrmru HataatkbMStfii 

i^od soi^ie frieaUai U; bad been speadvoft a^istant ia Mineral acadetaiat About Lofli 

tbe e^Msiaaga owing tt> tbe darkocss of ^be. don ; and ua a loeial hcmr mn vc^fM 

i^igla, iiistcathof goi of pa tbe paveatent» ia a(nasiiig iiia frieada wiib' sach hif6(jio«| 

tl^j^y, felMovki tbesteps into th^ Tbau^s. detaila el his fivslaA^peaAiiresy rciMift, sm^ 

ffkti F., who wa» rather eorpii\eot« was mishaps, as exeited the soar of tNe «aaft4 

«wak^ lOulfer some rafts o£ ttmUec, aadi panjr^ . lie taagbt a* academy art Orti ^gga 

perish^; bJS ir>&as\, with diffi^lty* kept end, at Dieptford; add kwtiy ia.Loadi«r 

^'mseU above viat«r tiU he wa^ resAue^ mtist apqirobatien a«^ 9«ceeB«^ But;' ao- 

la Uppt:r Berlc4?iey-atr««t, aged 63^ wilUn^tQwear ONttliclasistag^of lilb iif 

I^. Jaoe Maxi^ M?c Evoy ^ relict of tbe tbe tirssoai* dmdfer^r of m seftooiy \ld 

late Christ. M. of St. Croix, ia Ankerica. oommalced bagfaasst ai. a boo^MeHer MrI 

, Ju Now guad-sn«et, iu his 73d year, st^tiefief, in wbieti^ tb«Mf is reaaen^iw W« 

Mr. R. MasoQ, ^nany years tc^a-dealer lieve hi» sat:cess waa equakta hit e«pect»i 

9fiApnc»r, tioos, He ataa a vaey WDcCbf «0^>ciitttbl^ 

.la IXanes-stceet,, aged 65,, Ms.. John m»a, banevdient and gavd^beartad^ iM«f 

V^rty, brewer. esteeawd' by aU hie a<npiahitanide,. Ma§ 

AH Cheltenham, tbe. wife of Theophiluy at all t«Biestaeees»U>be tgr a nomevaov tfi^ 

• fCU:?e< esq.. ^ of his uofoitonaMe br«tbeei» ks* tlncr seHaal^ 

At Badb^OK, aear Ba^miAfrbam, in bisi liae^ -fiionk ishaiik ttaa hospitaIiti«a 00 &is 

^TJSih. year, '^r. Edwasd Annfield,, l^teoS bouse^ fariabest. aiMoe, <a<i pu*se, weM 

Oreea Bank, ia the piwrisb of Yanlley>, aeldoai ailbheNk He bad k fuial f^\m^ 

'ik4p:it the s%ht af aaejte by »^(Uta'«e- miMir that maike biac a. phnlBadtesMlpi^ 

■'^rivA at an eyiiy peidod ofi life ^ and aboiit aio». inookig other shifts^ to feaep.hiafu 

''j^ yeac», since,, by suddenly steepiaf^ self afloaVheh8doft«i»eiDpioyei):M«iMl# 

down,. stniL*ft.the 9^\w eye oa tbe pointed' ia ptiirag senuHW fbv tbe OiCDa^pni^^^ «a%^ 

comer oi a chair4>9clr, an4 biast.it. f 8o< himtfelf eapatssedriivthaufjib be-i«eirn0V#f 

jthai, £0991, that time., be has heeu totajlyi i» hel^r ordeia. ir seona d^ubtfM ^^ms&mi^ 

W blin^. Tboiifh tnwiee that, aa well asithe OiLQaiaa(-gr&dtiaR«8i wtfaldi oand^isiMMA 6i» 

'r se^Kaffljctioa c^ aor e^eme^ nervc»a« a«ai4^ UieoMei^s of 'sncltbetips^j^'y^'irit^ 

habit, &viu*h%a&bi« paAience aipd resigaa*- oegrtaia,. that be deaUf ii». saeh ^map^ 

' tpL ta the; wtllt of heaven, ha; was- never? ailiaasv'Ot peidraps rather cc«ipUa«ionSf ol* 

<' Ii^ac(;t tQ. uiUc thii least aoiurmiii: of eam^f hia owa makh^, and aoldr a> dOMid0i^aOI^ 

pla^ hut plafidly siibmitM- to biasia- number.. Ai imremnd D^^ apctitiaaihi^ 

' gplarfy dUlr^ssiag situatiqn with that^vr fiMlidiaf bis, waa very an^fvy with' bflfi Ib^ 

thude wi)iab, so.. emlaentlK ^itfitrngneihea dariuf 4af usa#p thw saered ohat»slieii hr 

the.' true Cbiri&tiaa. ^ • wfritingt sennous. Besidas a spe(lih|^<3 

> At JUaag|^«urt^S^m0i«ety iiiihis 73^ yearn booA, and other smaitl SoiikSj hie av^teaiMf 

> S^Quel SMi£'key, es^, publisheid a |dan fbr enployiiig theipoot^ 

Aitetf ^^ seKei^ aftn^ Uageriag iUaese,. iiv Londooj aod pveveadag beggwpy iW 

i^cmt^ vjtb- tmlf Cbrf.-iiaB< rufrfgaation,, the ftreetc* Lord M-amsa eld htfd seen ^;: 

Matibew. Wrjght,.esq 9iVk enin4ait> mes-* aad\ sent, for himi His- Lordship- edm«' 

«;baut, of Brwtoii - . ^ mendedi rt^ and miidtf Hi ai a presume. 11\^ 

Aged B'i,, the swfe off Mr. lV»bt. Pepall,. ha^leA awiiliwr, im^seui awd 3duu^^tf:' 

mJXf, y^eLfVf kullet^aS HjtrtaaCoil. QxfonL. Feb. \%,. A§e4 70; Mr. Witii Frbsei-;' oft 

At fiea, in the Queen's ChsHioet^ Mr- New Bondi^atreet^ Optician to bi» Majesty.* 

Tho. Morgan , ma ster ,^f the, byig Hope, i%^21. Aifter a Ibng and pamruliTIness, 

bound from (ijbartiam. to Chepsloj*.. Hie- agEd:78!j MV6t EHr. Cox, widov* of the Ikte 

was a. ttAthre of Jtho latter place. liis re* Mr. B^ti. €o«; ofKing^a^rdw, l*entonvHIe. 

maias weiu imteriied aUi^t. Jiajpreaaf ; notcr ML 23^< In that part of Ilfhrket-street 

Earo«vffit4\ oatbe }4ithiaat.. whiich ir i«r ihe parislrof Studliam, aritf 

F^k^lA, H Wiimpol6<^tfeer, tbrwffb oomity o^ Bed^rd, Frederic Caveridish,' 

at W, Tash» esq. of.^uth^ate. esq. brother to-t*ie late celebrated^ litK 

A^;cdr7Si Mr* Jobn Gook^. of Longacne,. tRhryi Cavetidisb-, of Cfapham ; a- Ihait^ 

bQok^Uer.asd.siattoneri H^&Wa$-A: native -who must' not pass awayirom lif^, wiiUotit. 

nf £%ip,.NoMh Botain* aod^bod a-liberai' suob>a tribute to hiffbeiievbleaf charactfei'; 

ed>ieatioi|,ia'hia native; toMii,. aAd^at tha- as^' our pages can Wpplyj sctfdqf w6ottr»' 

Mar«K*ha LQaHega oft A beffdaea^ Biit^: notr in- oar ne^t M'agar^iiei we* consequently^ 

^w^U^ agoiMragjwwflU etpiat -la %\»'> ete^- latoodto^ivcriiMQeakoir; 



i9i 



Additions and Correctiohs.^Canal Shires. 



tFeb, 



AsDiTRmt AMP CoRiBcnoys. 

Vol. UQCXI. Part ji. p. 596. ^Tht 

ifAWmsk% epitaph has Iken placed on a 

ij^hite jnmrbte mooiunantoa the North wall 

«f the cbaooel In HmckVtf church:— 



Francis, a Lieutenant in the Otmrds, waa 
killed at the battle of Fontenoy, in 1745. 
at the early age of 24, by a -cannon-ball, 
while resting on a drum, bis Uoyal High- 
ness William Duke of Cumberland harv 



*f Benaath are depotited the remains of ing just risen fVom it. His yt>ungest bro- 



Elizabeth, youngest daoghttr of the lat^ 
George Hicks, esq. M. D. of St James's, 
Westminster. She died in tbis place on 
the 1st of Dec. 1811, of a rapid decline, on 
lier way from Edgerstoa in Roxburglishire 
to Bristol, in the 94tii year of her age. 
This stone is iateaded only to mark 'the 
place of her interment: the hearts of all 
who knew her are the tablets upon which 
her virtues ave inscribed." 



thcr, Major Cboimondeley Brereton, was 
killed at the battle of Wandiwash, East 
Indies. The words in Smollett's Couci- 
miction are, « the gallant and accom- 
plished Major Brereton, whose death was 
a real loss to^his c6untry." The last men- 
tioned left an only son, William Brereton, 
of Pagham, Sussex. The Colonel also 
left three daughters ; the eldest married to 
the Rer. Dr. Haynes, canon residentiary 



The late Sir Wadsworih Btui, knt. (see of Windsor, and rector of Hatfield, Herts ; 

the second, to John Chessbyre, esq. of 
Bennington, Herts, ^ and mother to the 
Countess Faoconbei^. 

Mr. Lynn (see p. 93) is stated not to 
be dead. 

P. 94. Mrs. Ann Hall, wife of Ambrose 
Hall, esq. of the Hermitage, Walton on 
the Hill, who died in her T7th year, at 
Sutton, in Surrey, was eminently distin- 
guished for a fine understanding and ami-' 
able disposition, which led ber to the prac- 
tice of all the Christian virtues. Early in 



p. 591) was formerly a studeitt of the 
Middle Temple, by which honourable so- 
ciety he was called to the bar. He was 
afterwards appointed • Attorney-general at 
the Isle of Man, and a Bencher of the 
Middle Temple, in the great and noble 
hall of which occurs his name as Autumn. 
Leci*r» 1794; and coat of arms, quarter- 
ly, first and fourth, three oaks. Vert; se«* 
^soiid aM third, three bells. 

The late Rev. fVilliam Brtretan (tee p. 
f 1 of the present Valnne) died on the 



5ith of Jan. He was a year and a half at Ufe she had the advantage of being fn*- 



the head of the foundaiion at Bton, was 
neariy fifty years rector of Cottesmore,' 
and fenneriyarchdeaoon of Stafford, which 
a paralytic oomplamt made him honbnr- 
aMy resign. His life was prolonged by 
iha unwearied atteatioQ and nursing pf his 
amiable daughter for nearly 15 years to 
the advanced ^e of S6. By his decease 
the community sustains an irreparable 
lofs; in him ware united the elegant 
aoholar and the polished gentleaoaa, the 
nprigfat roagistrateand the pious Christian. 
He acquired, therefore, in every relation' 
«f a long and hononrable life, the esteem 
and afiection doe to the merit of having 
employed the first abilities in the best 
manner. He married Miss Neville of 
Thomey, Lincolnshire, who died 179^, 
and left three daughters; one nsarriedto 
Thomas Tryon» esq. of Bnlwtek, North- 
amptonshire. He was the surviving son 
of Lieut.-colonel Brereton, of the Horse- 
guards, by bis second wife, Mary Hayes, 
of Holypoft, Berks. His eldest brother 



quently in company with Dr. Johnson, 
Dr. Hawkesworth, and several other ad- 
mired literary characters, whose friendship - 
she secured fr«m her merit and interest- 
ing conversation. Three years previously 
to her decease, a paralytic afiection da- 
privetl her of the use of her limbs; but 
fi>rtunately not entirely of her mental fia- 
culties; apd, being blcjssed with a retentive 
memory, her cheeifiil and impressive 
manner drew her friends constantly around 
her, who witnessed her patitnt resignation 
to th6 win of Providence' During the 
whole of her long life, she invariably ad- 
miniktered comfort and consolation to the 
poor and afflicted, who must sincerely 
regret her loss. A friend, who long kne^ 
and honoured ber, offers this humble tri- 
bute to depart^ worth. Her remains were 
interred on the 9d of February in Sutton 
church ^y a rd, in a vault built on purpose 
for the family; and her friend, the Rev. Dr. 
Strahan, performed the last sad ofilcea 
over her grave. 



The mverage Prkes qf Navigable Canal Proberttf^ Dock Stack, Fire-office Shares, ^. in 
Feb, ISn (iothe 25th) at the qffice qfMr. ScoU, 28, New Bridge-streei, London, 
Birmmgham Canal, 615/. dividing 26/. 5s. dear perannum.— -Oxford,- 124/. stock or 
long share, 730/.— Grand Junction, 213/. to 220/.>~Worcester and Birmingham new 

shares, 51, per cent, disouunt.— Kennet and Avon, 30/.-^Dudley, 50i. ex.divideqd. 

Ashby>de-la-2^uch, 21/.-»-Ellesmere, 69/. — Lancaster, 22/. lOi. — Wilts and Berki' 

old shares, 25/.*— London Dock Stock, 118/. lOf. ex. dividend, half-yearly, 3/. clear 

Ditto new Subscription, 17/. lOi. Premi''m.-«-Rock, lOr. Premium.— East London 
Water-works, 85/L— London Flour Company, 8A— Strand Bridge, 27/. per cent dis- 
count, without interest due.— RuiscU Institution, H/. 17/.. IM. 18s;.— Surrey ditto, 15/. 

—West Middlesex Water-works, 85/. — Provident Institution, 2/. 10*. Pieminm 1 

Covent-garden Theatre new shares, 455/. — British Plate Qh|ss Company^ 960iL on the 
%verage.-*Kensingtoo Turnpike BondSj 100/, bearing ^/. per oent. 70/.— The monthly 
lalt is <m thaint Friday. ' 






[ 19f ] 
BILL OT MORTALITY, from January ft8,.l|ll, U> F«brua>y:«Jf, ltlt« 



Christened. 
WaW -^ 713 > 



females 683 ^ 



Buried. 
Males - 695 



(>f whom have died under 2 yean old 364 
Peck Loaf 5*. 2<t. 5s. 4+ 5*. orf. 5<. 5d. 
Salt .jf f. per bushel; 4|rf. per pound. 




dand 5 
SattdlO 
10 and «0 
20 and SO 
30 and 40 
40 and 50 



13T 
52 
46 
89 

152 



50 and 60 ItQ 

69 and 70 111 

70 and 80 108 
80 Mid 90 48 
90 and 100 § 



■ ■I h 



AVERAQE prices of CORN, from tha Returns endhig February 15, 1812. 



INLAND COUNTIES. 



Wheat 



ITiddlesex 

Surrey 

Hertford 

Bedford 

Hantiogd. 

Nordiam. 

Rutland 

Lnoester 

Not^^h« 

Derby 

Suffbrd 

Kalop 

tln.nlfni..if 

nernord 

Waroester 

Warwick 

Wiks 

Berks 

Oxford 

Backs 

Brecdn 



111 
117 
107 
102 
104 
103 
103 

98 
102 

93 
101 
104 
10*7 
109 
107 
111 
115 
110 
112 
119 



d, 
8 



Rye 

t, d. 



58 
54 
58 
4157 



J. 

0145 



00 
53 
00 
00 
0156 



2 
8 
6 
5 




3 
8 
2 
3 
2 



00 
00 
69 
64 
59 
00 

2l00 
00 

6l00 



6 

6 




Q 




Bariy 

d. 



49 
14 
45 
47 
49 
•»3 
52 
50 
50 
55 
0160 



8 



MoDtj^om. 101 
Radnor 113 



00 



1100 
00 
300 





10 






c 

(?. 

(.' 





57 
57 
59 
54 
48 
50 
46 
63 
52 
57 



9 

4 

6 



2 

11 



2 

10 

10 

10 



4 

7 



8 

10 



10 

4 

9 

4 



OaU 

d. 
3 



36 
37 
35 
32 
:>1 
'26 
31 
31 
31 
32 
33 
35 
33 
37 



6 
6 
6 
4 
8 
9 

6 
4 


11 
I 



33 
34 
33 
30 
J2 
48 
J3 
29 



1 
7 
6 
10 
4 
5 



Beans 
d. 



s. 

57 
59 
56 
54 
52 
54 
57 
46 
52 
5S 
58 
83 
64 
57 



10160 
58 
59 
56 

55 
00 
00 
00 



8 
8 

Oj 

7 

9 





2 

Q.J 


11 

6 

8 

4 
11 
8 
8 
5 
2 






Average of England and Wales, per quarter. 
105 1|56 7i51 9i31 5(56 
Average of Scotland, per qiiarter: . 

00 OjOO OiOO OiOO, OiOO 

Aggregate Average Prices of the Twelve Ma- 

' ritime Districts of England and Wales, by 

whidi Exportation and Bounty are to be 

regulated in Great Britain ...r........ •* ...102 

Ditto Ibr Importation audDuty...^^.....^ .........102 



MARITIME COUNTIES. 
Wheal Rye Barhr Oata Beans. 



Essex 

Kent 

Sussex 

Suffolk 

Camb. 

Norfolk 

Lincolp 

York 

Durham 

Northum. 

Cumberl. 

Westmor. 



s. 

106 

106 

114 

101 

99 

98 

96 

89 

90 

83 

88 

92 



8 
2 
8 
5 

7i 

4 

4 

1 

6 



Lancaster 94 
Chester 93 
Flint 106 
Denbigh 101 
Anglesey (K) 
Cama^. 99 
Merionet.103 
Cardigan 116 
Pembroke 96 
Carmarthl 16 
Glamorg. 1 15 
Gloucest. 1 1 5 
Somerset 119 
Monmo. 1 1 5 
Devon 112 
Cornwall 106 
J^rset 115 
Hants lU 



t, 

55 
54 
00 
52 
52 
53 
53 
53 
00 
60 



d. 
Of 4a 
046 







.8 



5 52 
46 
00 
100 
00 
00 
00 
00 
72 
00 
100 
00 
00 
00 
00 
00 
00 



6 
4 
2 
1 

11 


5 
8 
7 

6 

2 
4 

10 



6 
t> 











50 
i3 

yi 

42 
2 48 



U 
46 

13 
40 
38 
V2 
57 
59 
56 
45 
0150 












d. 
4 


9 
3 
1 
9 
9 

9 
1 
4 



33 
33 
36 
33 
26 
32 
27 
28 
29 
29 
29 
29 



d. s. 

8 50 
050 
200 
447 
2 50 
047 
8 50 
154 
00 
54 
800 
5 00 



34 
8 37 
8 



00 
28 
27 
0127 



9 




55 
58 

62 
62 
64 
58 
(H59 








6 00 
00 

r^oo 

^56 
3i54 








11 



58 
54 
54 
56 
0152 



8 
6 

10 
8 

9 
2 

10 
7 
6 



32 
24 
25 
29 
29 
00 
31 
00 
33 
26 
4133 



4 

4 





60 

00 



000 
00 
9 00 
000 



oa, 

00, 
400 

oloo 

00 



49 



5 

10 



33 
30 



00 
€0 
00 

10 00 
5 00 
400 
800 
5 54 



9j49 8i30 3i55 



i^ 



PRICES OF FLOUR, February 24 : 
fMj^ Sack 95<; Spends B5s, to 90f . Bran per Q. 1 4; . to 1 6r. Pollard 27^ to 30s, 

RteTtJRN of WHEAT, in Mark-^Lane, indudhig only from Feb. 10 to Feb. Ibz 
Total 7375 Quarters. Average 107«. 2c/. — 9d, higher than last Return. 

OATMEAL, per Boll of UOlbs. Avoirdupois, February 15, 50r. Icf. 

AVERAGE PRICE of. SUGAR, February 19, A3s. Sd. per Cwt. 

PRICE OF HOPS, IN THE BOROUGH MARKET, February 24 1 



d. 
6 

8 

8 

4 

i 

1 



(^ 









0' 

0^ 

(r 
(• 
^ 

4 

A 

0' 



o 

9 



Kent Pockets ^ 4/. 10^ to 6/. 15|. 

Sussex Ditto 4/. lOs. to 6L 0*. 

Famham Ditto 10/. Of. to 1 IL Qf. 



IMBags 4t Oy. to5/. 12^. 

SoraexDittOr....* 3/1 15;. to 5/. 5s. 

Kisex Ditto....... 4/. 10a to 5/. 12^. 

AVERAGE ^RICE OF HAY AND STRAW, February 25 : 
SL #attes^. Hay 4/. 10*. Straw 2/. 17y, — Whitechapel, Hay 5/. 5*. Clover 6/. 16f. 6i. 
Straw 2/. 1 U.— Smithaeld, Clover (U. bsi Old ifay 5L Qs. Straw 2/. 16*. 6rf. 

SMITHFIELp, February 24. To sinkthe Offal—per Stone of 81bs. 



Head of Cattle at Market this Day: 
Beasts about 2230. Calves 80. 

Sheep and Lambs 1 1,500. ^ Tigs 400. 



fieef...f........ 5$. Ad. to Cs. Ad. 

Mutton...... 5s» Ad, to 6*. Ad, 

VeaK...., 6*. 0<tto8f, Orf. 

Poik..M..........M««««M5/. Od» to 6s, 84/. 

•COALS, Tebrtitti^^ : Newcastle 40;. td 53;. Sunderland 42#. 6i. to44;. 6^2, 

6OAP4 YtiUow92;. MoUled 10-2;. Curd 106;. CANI^LES, l3;.perI>oz. Moulds 14;. 

TALLO^r, per Stone, 81b. St: James's 4a, lOt/. Oara 4«. IQd, Whitech«pel 4^. 94, 



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Mr.T. S. HVANS, 

LATE MATHEMATICAL MASTER OF THE ROYAL 
MILITARY ACADEMY, WOOLWICH, 

AND 'Also 

LATE OF THE ROYAL OBSERVATpUY, 
GREENWICH, 



V-/ONTINUES to receive and qtiafify Young Gentlh- 
IffBN for Commissions in the various Military Depart- 
ments of His Majesty's Service, or for Examipatiqn at 
the Three Establishments of Woolwich, Marlow, 
and Croydon. 

Also, Young Gentlemen intended for the Naval Ser- 
vice are instructed in Navigation, the Lunar Distances 
by the most approved Methods, and Nautical Astronomy, 
with the Adjustment and Use of Instruments. 

Masters of the first Eminence attend to instruct them 
ill Figure, Landscape, aud Military Plan Drawing; 
Fencing; Dancing; French; Drill Exercise; Officers* 
Duty ; Military Tactics, 8cc. 

The Situation being in the imipediate Neighbourhopd 
of the Dockyard, Arsenal, and Woolwich Common, 
renders it particularly eligible for the Improvement of 
youth, on account of the Public Works and Experi- 
rpents daily carried on there. 

Tenms and other Particulars may be known by Appli- 
cation to Mr. JIyans, Nevy Charlton, near Wool\yicb^ 
J^ent. 



ffich^td Tcylor €n4 Co., Pfuittrs^ Shoe^ftun^, Lwiion. 



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Tmta-U. Advert. 

fU6g(rifOnc\t 

Brit. Prew— Day 
;SLJaiO(3'<ChroD. 

Sun— Eyeo. Mail 

Siar-TMireller ■ 
;Klot— Siaieaman 

Packet-LomLChr. 
!ilbioii-C. Chron. 
iCoorier— Globe 

Euf.ClirDa.— Inq. 
ICourd'AngletBire 
'Conr. it I-ondres 
llintbiTWeeklyP. 
.nSoaia-yPipen 
!H«kCrrPoUce 

liLiir. montbly 
.>UI> 3— Bedford . 
:I|ewK*— Boston 



.C»iDb.-Cli«iih, 
|C>rti.i_ChBiler2 
Chebua; CuDbVia. 



GENTLEMAN'S MAGAZINE :: 



MARCH, 1812. 
CONTAINING 



Coraw^COTcnt 3. 
.CiiiQiierland Q 
Doui^aster— Derb. ' 
ftorcLesl — Euex 
Kuetera, Glooc 2 
Hsiirai— Hants 2 
Hereon), Hull 3 
liwwiah 1, Kent 4 

Lesifea, Liverp. 6 
Maidu. M>iu:h.4 
NewcJ.— N(rtt(,2 
NorthainptoD ' 
Norfolk, Nonricb 
lI.W»le«0»ford2 
fortsts— Potieiy 
Preeton-^PIym.a 
Reading — Salisb. 



Staff.— Stamf. S 
TauiHOD- — Tyoe 
WakeG.— Wap*. 
Wore. a^Yoaa 3 
1«,.*NP 3f : 

Scotland Q4 
Sanday Advertise,' 
Jfr«r2.Giwtn.2; 



lit. Diiries for FcbfQary' and March SOa, ?08 
«port on-the State of bis Majesly'i H^aHll 303 
Sn«fNoticei of Literati, Colleotora, itc; ...BOi 
Obinraliwion the Pari* ElcgiStenBiU ...901 
OoniptMHiEotlvinihoenHl FlomsMd 309,210 
CbreBiioaHouH3tl_ZaudieBwuny....212 
Old Pitfura— Epitaph,oo Pere..SWdtd»le, ' 

w Mr. lurgcB'. Edition of Ih* PliqenisMi - 

»«noii«— The I.ea»ow*i-4hptNe«man.2l6 
«i» of Letttn on Acouslifs? Lelter III . 211 
Di.Uarali'i Ai^ umcDU agaiMt B ibdeSociely 2 1 9 
"nnaKCMhalica, CalvinbU<ADlii|omiaDi '"- 
^«B^J School*— The National Society.... 

%«l School -Marten and MiUreuat 

CithedialService— Di»»eiitibgT«aCbBT» ...^23 
^DingteiiatesootauitedW Village?.. "" 
WitliePediEfeeofthafcrcsFaaiil)..:.,.. 
lVmgtHsonClassiGoatioiirfBl.dkrupli-...296 
"Mreitntdylng'Birtls? iOT— Provorl>922S,239 
^liDd safa aad triumpbant— Prophecies 22!* 
^wrtatioaan (be Unig« orCaatAnno<ir...23I 

■r. Dibdin— •' Liber Aggtagatloo if'. .33'. 

*tttljiiiofBwks,]*a IV .1. ;....' 133 

HfnneiMercmiusTriHmegistui.byEverard.i*. 



autallr. 



-^Hatnpton'Couri 



Soggeilion' r.spectinglleglectofLDrd'sTable it. 
k Cbriitiai Man after tbe Pope's Makiuj. 239 

tlita*iiv Imteluokmcb 239 

lodeK JodicatOriuB , 240 

. RlVKW OF Nbv PuBLtCATIOKS; Vh. 

HiNory and Antiquities of LEicE9tEii>H[RE.?41 
PiLtureGalleryofcontcmporaiy Portraits . 245 

Worksof Bp.Wacbu"rton,byBp, Kurd 247 

Pi^naiui'i Palish Game of Draughts, 24S 

Tupper on Sensation tn Vegetables' 249 i 

Ualt's Vay^iee and TraveH, continued. ...tSO < 
Clart's Aritlimetit— TiioM's AberSeBn; tc.257 j 
Teache'is'Aiithm;- Evening Eo'eitttimnent 3 260 ' 
3E1BCT PofTBV for Mareh lliia ....-caei— SGi 
ProceediDg'JiiipreseDtSeBsion of Parliament 255 
lulerestiiig lutcltfrulIitbeLdDihta Gizettei 269 
Abstract of principal Foreign OcmrrencM 278 
CoiintryNew", 311^— Donieatic Occuircaces 285 
TheaUioalR«g.—Proinotioii»— Preferments 381 

Memoirsoflbe later. Cavendish, Esq. 2B9; of 
Barsnen IVEacuFy 291 ; of Marchioness of 
Buckingham 292 ; Dr. Hall, Bp.otDroinore 
293; Dr-GartfashDi-e 300; Ar^hd.Bumab; 301 
liituar*.'<iith Atee. of remarkable Persons 294 
PriceB of Markets, fcc— Bill of Moitality 303 
Pricfsof SloeksfbrtheManAof Uarck. ...304 



fii« dn Vcchei 237— Wm; Boys, Ksq. 
Gold aodSilTer—Wanifckahire Seals. . 

EmbeUtiked with Penpectiv* Views of the Churches of Withehlbv. in LekKitersbve^ 
- IniidBox, inBDckinghamsbire; ^d FtJHSTED, in HertbMshin.* 

!^«»aky:j. mCHOLS' and SON, at Ci 
"bete all Lettei:s te the Editor ai 



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Mb.T.S, HVANS, 

LATE MATHEMATICAL MASTER OF THE ROYAL 
MILITARY ACADEMY, WOOLWICH, 

AND "Also 

LATE OF THE ROYAL OBSERVAJpUY, 

GREENWICH, 



V-/ONTINUES to receive and qtiafify Young Gbntlb* 
MEN for Commisrions in the various Milftary Depart- 
ments of His Majesty's Service, or for Examipatiqn at 
the Three Establishments of Woolwich, Marlow, 
and Croydon. 

Also, Young Gentlemen intended for the Naval Ser- 
vice are instructed in Navigation, the Lunar Distances 
by the most approved Methods, and Nautical Astronomy, 
with the Adjustment and Use of Instruments. 

Masters of the first Eminence attend to instruct them 
ill Figure, Landscape, aud Military Plan Drawing; 
Fencing ; Dancing ; French ; Drill Exercise j Officers* 
Duty ; Military Tactics, 8cc. 

The Situation being in the imniediate Neighbourhopd 
of the Dockyard, Arsenal, and Woolwich Common, 
renders it particularly eligible for the Improvement of 
Youth, on account of the Public Works and Experi- 
riients daily carried on there. 



Terms and other Particulars may be known by Appli-^ 
cation to Mr. Eyans, Nevy Charlton, near Wool\yicb^ 
Isent. 



fjxhtrd Taylor an4 Co,, PrinUrs^ Shoe^ftunp^ London. 



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"4 



GENTLEMAN'S MAGAZINE ; 



TniKS-M. AdTerl. 
P.Ledger^ncle 
itit. P,eas~Daj 
SL Jwnea 's C'hnm. 
Sun— Even. Mxil 



MARCH, 181t 
CONTAINING 



,Pik>t— Slalesman 
I'lcket-LondChT. 
lAlbkm— C Chron. 
{Courier-^tDbe 

Eng. Chron. —Inq. 
jCourd'ADgleterre 

CoDT. de L(NHtr«i 
llinbern'eeklyP. 
jllSonbrP-tKn 

Hoe it Cry Police 
I Lit Adr. nantbl; 
,Btth 3— Bedford 
iflwwick-^Boaton 

Birmingbam 4 
jBrackb. Brighton 

Bristol 5, Bury 

C«aib.— Chatlt. 

Culi.3~ Cheater 2 

Chdnu. Cambri*. 

Mrt, Oiaries for Ptbruary' and March 
Rqjort on-the State of bia Majesty's Health 203 
Brief Notices of Literati. Colleotora, Itc; ...30j 
ObKTTatiOfis-oiithe Parish RcgiilenlhLI ...307 
DetctiptioOB of Ivin^hoe tml PlaruBUd 309,210 
CliTeiHloD BouH 311— Zoudie BK>Hir....212 
Old Picturs— Epitaph,™ Pefc.SWckdah 

OnHr.Bui^es'i Edition of tbc.Phcealsui 

SbcBBtooe — The Leaaowei ' j hpt.Nemn»n.ai6 
SeriMof Letim on AcoosticB? Utter ill. 211 
Dr. Marih'f Arg iimenu ■gaiaBtBible.'iaciety S 19 
KBman CMbaiic*, ColvinbU.ADtinamiaDi "'" 
Sonday Schonii— The Nat iuoal Society... 

l^School-MaaterE and MiitrniKS 

CaUKdral Service — Dinenting Teacbeis 
Evening Lectures not suited lo Village . 
OnlbePedigfetoftha.l'BrcyFBmil):,:.,, 
'noughts on ClaBSiGcBtioii Ot Blnkrupis . 
Retreat SfdyiiigBiiy»i UOT— PiovErIis2aS,«39 
England Mfa and kriumpbiiiC — Prupbeciea 339 
Di£>eiiationoniheUnigeofCoacAniioor...331 

Mr. Dibdio— " Liber Aggrega lion if' 333 

AoalyiiaofBwks^Ha IV t.„..: *33 

Hennei Mercurius TriamegistuS.byEverard: i*. 
Architectural tnoovati oil— H am pton't 
£•« da Vacke, 337— Wm: Boys, Esq. 
Golduidgilier — Wanfckahi ~ ' 



re Seala. . 



Com».^Covent 1, 

£itiai>eiUnd 3 
Doiicailer-Detb.' 
UorcLeil — Essex 
Ktalera.Glouc. 2 
Halifax— Hanta 2 
HerafoRl, Hiitl 3 
'iMwSah 1. 
unnoasL-Leicea.S 
LtPi(a2, Liverp. 6 
Mniilac Manch. ' 
NewcJ.- NoHb.2 
KorthaiDptoB ' 
Norfolk, Norwich 
Ji.W»)egOxfurd2 
Itortsea— Pottery 
Presloi^— Plym. ~ 
tteading— Salist 
Salrip— UbF(Geld3 
aherbiirne, Sussex 
Shrewsbury. 
Staff.— SUDrf. 2 
TauiMoo— Tyne 
Wttkefi.— Wapr. 
Wwc. ai-Yoax 3 
Ireland 3i 
Scotland 34 
Sunday Ad vertise 
Jei*ay3,Guem.3 

Sitggejtion'r.speetingNeglectofl.ord'sTabtet*. I 
k Chriatiu. Man after the Pope's Making. 339 ; 
L)3lUi*i ■ 
luki Jodicatoriua. ,. 



. Review or New Pvi 
Hiitory and Antiquities of Lei 
Picture Gallery of contemporary Portrait* . 243 

Works of Bp.W^irburton, by Bp. Kurd 241 

Pufaimaon's Polish Game of Draughts, 34S 

TupperoD Sensilion in Vegetables 249 

Ualt's Voy^es and travels, contiDUcd. ...950 
Clark's AritliniBtiL — Thorn's Aberde^; bc.237 
Teacheis ' Arithm;- Even ri(^ Eu' eitaimnenls 3fi0 



T POFT 



ir Marci 



;S!2. 



.^.261- "64 . 



-act of principal Foresga Occurrences 37B ' 

CoHntfy"Jew",2a3— Domestic .Oceim-ence a """ 

" healri cal Reg.— Protnolions — Picfrrmenti 

irths and Maiitages of eminent Pcnons . 

MemoirsoflhelateT. Cavendish, B!q.389i of 

Bareness D'Escury 391 ; of Marchione'sa of 

Bnckliighant 393 { Dr. Mai), Bp.oEOromore 

293; DT.Gartfash'o)^SO0;Archd,Bu«aby301 

CH>ituarv,'«ilh Atee. of remnrkable Persons 294 

Prices of Markets, he— Bill of Monalily 303 

Price; of Stocks for Ifae Mantli of Uercb. . ..304 



SYLV4NUS URBJtN, Gbnjv 



5106 



\4Jt0cdotcs of Lit f rati, Collectors f ike. 



[March, 



20^ Ephemerides Naturae Curioso- 
jHuhy vdL IV. appetadiz, p. 41,ti^yi, 
tbat Dr. Darid Krier wat sent by, and 
#t this enpence of, |^ Royal Society 
of ^pQ^un» to travel through the 
lltril»b Cofoniet ia America, aoii 
■Mike observatioot* 

8T» D^. Isaa^ Iawioii» PhysiciaB 
tSen^d to the Arnij, published, aod 



LXIU. pp. h 79, art IS^by.Dr. An- 
drew Dlicarel. 

S2f Henry Baker, esq* F. R. S. 
F. 5.. A. ixf bom ia Tookfe's or 
Qualitv Coprtt Chancery Lan«, died 
on Frfdiiy Not. 25, 17Ut of adecaj 
of nature, a^ed 76. He had beeft 
confined lo his roofH in ah in&otiite 
state about two years. He was buried 



indeed wrote the greatest part of on Tuesday 89th November, 1774t 



Cramer*ft Ar» Deoima^tica^ and was 
|he first patron and introductor of the 
celebrated Linne to the learned world, 
fbv by hii meant Linn^, at it were^ 
emerged from obscurity, being li^le 
coontenanced. Dr. Lawson wat ex* 
tiremely well skilled ip fossils^ had an 
extensive correspondence, especially 
IB' Germany, and had made large and 
i^gant collections of fossils. In 
1767 1 bought a large parcel of his 
collection, and numbers of specimens 
Ins brother gave away and were lost, 
<M?». I Number 1775.) 

eS.CounsellorWilliamFranckombe, 
an accurate and learned fossilogist, 
cbtefiy in petr&factat and had a nume- 



in the New Church jard, in the 
Strand, nes^r the iron rails next to the 
^trand, witl^out anj. tomb ttone or 
memorial owct his grave, ^e mar- 
ried a daughter of the famous D^iel 
Defoe, and had two son^ wfao both 
died before him» and left the son of 
the youngest his heir, ttien aboirt 1I» 
under guardianship of his execotbrt 
— — Roy croft, esq. and Mr. Eugttsb. 
He was son of a clerk in the Six 
Clerks* Office, and bound apprentice 
to a bookseller in Fall Mall. All Mt 
loose papers were burnt without mer- 
cy by his executors, even to his cor- 
respondence, which, thouffb loose, 
were laid ready for binding m guard 



reus and weu-chosen collection of books, and only the bouiid or guard 
Ibssib, waa born at Bristol, on the books were preserved. 



0th Auguit It 94, and died of an 
0ver-fatness, asfhma, &c. on tbe 3d 
ef September 1767. His collections 
of books, fossils, &c. were sold imme- 
diately after his death by Samuel 
Paterson ; Mr. Ingham Foster bought 



is. James Parsons, M, D. F.R. S« 
F. S. A, &c, author of <* The Analogy 
between Animals and Vegetables,'* 
<«The Remains of Japhet,** 4tc ajpd 
some 4to numbers of ^' A Theatre of 
Seed«>'* with figures^ and many papers 



Ikia diary or catalogue and observa« mthePhilosophicalTransactiooi. Waa 

tions on his fossils, a MS. undoubtedly (but he always denied 

S9. Mr. Richard Guy, Surgeon, it) bom in Ireland, and et an Innk 

^faimous. for his cure of cancers) died family; studied at Trinity college, 

on Sunday, 27th September, 1767, of Dublin, and at the Unlversitv of 

a sudden stroke of the gout In his Paris or Rouen. Re died April 4, 



breast. He was well in the morning, 
and dead in the evening. He was 
buried 4th October, 1767. His col- 
lections were sold about 1773 by 
Paterson. 



177a,aj;ed65t andmostof hiscoflec^ 
tions were sold at Paterson's noon 
after. A fine and curious collectioa 
of seeds and fruits, scientifical aiid 
perfect. Gentleman's Magazine for 



30. Mr. Mark Catesby,' author of December, 1780, p. 566, says he 



tbe excellent and celebrated work, 
** Tbe Natural History of Cnrolina," 
Ike. died in December 1749* I coni- 

tute he Irak about 70, tall, meagre, 
ard favoured, and sullen look, and 
yrzB extremely grave or sedate, and 
pf a silent disposition) but when he 



native of Ireland, was a learned, tool- 
mnnicative, and agreeable nkaB,-a 
good anatomist and man-nudwifr. 
His last pubRcation was *'Tlie Re> 
mains of Japhet,** iu.l767, in 4to* 
He wks bufied at Hendon,'' 17'dayal 
after his decease. A portrait fif bim. 



contracted a frendship was comnrani- by Mr. Wilson, is no«r In the British 

cative, and affable. He left a widow. Museum } another, left unfiinished, is 

,and a son and daughter. He often possessed by his widow. Hewa^mar- 

' told me be believed be was descended ried many years had orily a boy, wfta 

from the Catesby of Richard III. died youeg, /. e, mx or seven years 

'si. John Tradescani; for an ac- old, to' the great grl^ of tbe Dr. and 

. count of him, his tomb, &c, &c, bis Lady. 

i6e -Philosophical Transactions, vq). 34.' Mr.. F^t^r CoUioion died in 

' August 



1812.] JLiiitaiiyCoItectors, Xc.-^Stafe of Pairish flegisiets. S04f- 



AmstlT^S, I[(ged75. Dr. F(4her- 
^llwrete a tract <^his life, and gate 
a priDt of iHia. JLoodoa Magazine 
far Janoary 1716,! has a very good 
nortrait^ and like iiim^ $ajj (alid I 
BftTe made addiUont) he waf great 
grandsoQ of -Peter Collmson, who 
fiTed% oo his iiatemal estate called 
Hi^al Hall« near Windermere ^ake, 
tea miles from Kendat in Westmore- 
Iiody bora in 169S. Dr. Derlmm, Dr. 
Woodward) Mr. Dale, Sir Hans 
Sbanc, Mr. Catesby, Jlr. Duboil, &c. 
&€. were bis acqoaintance^ Elected 
F. a. s; December 12, 17^8. A 
mereer by^trade, atitbe Hed Lion, 
k Graceebureb Street^ F.S^A.from 
its first institation. Dped 4tt Lord 
Petre's, at Tbom(|ont -^^la total sop- 
pressionof nrtne. 

SB. MK Cbarles Dttboir died be- 
twees 1T35 and 1740» yerr aged. 
His beirs were Mr. Waldo, wbo mar- 
ried bis neice, and ber sister. Was a 
great and eeldirated botanist, a^d bad 
aa excellattt botanic garden to bis 
konse on tbe upper j^reeii, wb^e the 
&ir is kqit, at Mitcbara, in Surry, 
fie bad collections -of shells, fossils, 
he* of winch I . saw some at Mr. 
Waldo's, junior, about 1760. 

3i. Mr. Geoige Edwards died 
thaot 1773. 

37. Cromwell Mortimer, M. D. died 
iMwary 1752 of o dropsy. Many 
^nrs seeretflu^ to the R. S. and was 
w eBt d ed>oti tbe 5tb Febrnary fol- 
Wvi^g, by ballot, by the Rev. 
tWnas Birch, D. D. Cagaio»t Gawin 
K%bt,Jkf. B.)add held it till 1765. 

wL Mr. Salter^ founder of Saltero's 
Ciiee House at Chelsea, aod of the 
MSCtioos there. Notice of him is 
CWB.by ^ir .Richard Steele, in his 
Mlccss iw^No. S4,4nyol. !• His 
Hmgkt^i Mrs. Hall, continued in it 
IS Obout 1758 or 1759, when others 
lMl( it»-^wJiomade acatalogue^and 
iQI te^ the curiosities carefully. 
lt9L. 

^. John Hill died about 1776, wet! 
feiewnforhb inahy voluminous and 
lawtlj incofipeet . writings ; there is a 
IWJndtgopd folio print of him* 

jMb, Ubbait, > Mar^hS. 

4mSR£ cannot. be ar4oobt that in 
» a coontiy where. the descent of 
lari aad porsonal property is goTerned 



by establtsfacd nries of l^gal t^bsaiK 
giiinihr, the faithful prelervatioa of 
record of baptisms, ^i^rrL^es, lad 
burials, ought to hie held las an olject 
of the highest impt^rtance in the con* 
templation of the L^s^ature; anA 
the neglect with whiAO ^ucbreeoidc 
have been treated* and the mischtdfii 
ccmsequent on that negligence,. are sef 
notorious aiidveTi4enty tmit there a«a 
feyr persons wbo haVe seriously turiH 
ed their thoughts to the -subject^ 
who will doubt the necessity <tf a, 
speedy and vigorous repaedy. And 
I ! must confess I RXn astohisbed to 
fipd a Clergyman of the C^bprch of 
Ep^land (p* 149) speaking of the obli« 
gation of an oati), to vorifjf the fide« 
Jity of bis discharge of his duty in tho 
o|bce of registrar, as a degnulatica 
of the Clerical character„andJefeUii^ 
bpm with lower orders ^f persons o« 
whom oaths are necessafy to !be ini« 
pos^d; for this would imply that 
ojaths are fit only to bind the vicious 
a|id ignoraot, and. are. an iosuit to the 
virtuous, the intelligent^ and enlight- 
tKmed. But I heartily agree with 
l^im that it wouU be an Wront sot 
only to the Church Establishment, but 
to common sense, to make the bare^ 
clarationof a Dissenting minister a« 
equal legal test of veracity with ike 
oath of ar minister of the Church^ 
England; for it is in direct hostilitj 
to the true principles ^f toleratiottto 
establish suchadistini^ioiii andhow- 
eter salutary, might bo the general 
provisions of a bilT for better ripgnlatr 
iDg parish registers, I must contcss^ I 
should wish to see it perish if it must 
inevitably be loaded with an enact* 
m^t so invidious. 

, As one proof, however, that sopae^ 
thing is really wanting for the better 
preservation of parochial register^ I 
i^nd for insertion in your Maga^no 
aj^art of the pedigree of the familjr 
of South*, of Kelsierne, in Liocoltv- 
ahire, many of tbe proo& upon whicji 
are taken from the register of Kel* 
Sterne (a village ^ibout seven miles 
from Louth), which register, aboilt 
five or six years aro, I found in tbe 
possession of the Rector of Wel^oii* 
in Northamptonshire, who told me it 
came into his hands with the registers 
of tbe parish of Weldon. M\ B« 

* ThiSt sbaU appear in ^ur wxi. Edit^ 



MXTB- 



£Q^ A MKTEOROLOOICAt JOURNAL, kepi^tt Ci.AP'nni, m riadracf^ 



Day Of 
Month. 



Thermometer. 



Feb. 21 
22 
2J 
24 
25 

m 

28 

29 

Jfar. V 

2 

3 

' 4 

5 

C6 

7. 

S 

10 
11 
12 

13 
14 
15 
16 
17 
18 
19 
20 



Max. 







54' 

50 

51 

45 

45 

44 

44' 

44 

43 

41 

40 

50 

46 

51 

56 

5J 

45 

42 

42 

45 

42 

42 

40 

34 

35 

40 

41 

44 



Min. 



45 
40 
31 
^4 
32 

32 

32' 

32 
28 
39 
34 
42 
42 

^ 
32 
31 

36 
34 
35 
30 
32 
30 
31 
31 
29 



Barometer. 

■I 



Max. 



39-6^ 

29*52 

29-63 

29-9^ 

29-70 

29-35. 

29-76 

29-68 

29-55 

29-68 

30-()0 

29-94 

29-83 

30.00 

29-90 

29-81 

30-J2 

30-31 

3^34 

30-27 

30-24 

29-98 

30-06 

2^-72 

29-70 

29-77 

29-59 

29-32 

29.15 



Min. 



I Rain. 
4 lOOths 
of inch. 



29-56 



29-48 
29«15 

29:69 
29:66 

2<»^0 

29-35 

29-91 

29-7^ 

29'90 

29-70 

29^0 

30'0« 

30-29 

50.26 

30.26 

29-96* 

29-94 

30-04 

29-67 
29-75 
29-32 
29'32 
28-85 



Evap. 

lOOfchs 

of inch. 



•5 



'35 



•12 



l& 
•4 



•f7 



to 



Wind.' 



ji 



•22 



S. W. 

S. 

W.— S;W.j 

N.-iN.W, 

w. 

^ S. E. 

a 

§.. ^. 

■ N. 

si 

W.-W.SwW 
N. N.W. 

N. , 
N, N. W. 

S. 

N. W. 

iff. 

N. ^ 
N. E. 

W. 

S. 

N. E. 



^ 



feb. 21rf Windy with various douds ia different stations. 22". Itough gales from the 
South, with rain and tiail-showers, and some ftashes of lightning, with thnndt^r. 23. 
Clouds in two strata ; evening C'trrostrdtus dnd Halo Lunaris, 24. Snow, which fell 
m the night, melted to-day, and caused a flood in the marshes of the river Lea j clear 

by night. 25. This day we might truly say ■^nigfirrimus Auster 

Nascitury et plnvio contrhtatfrigorecmltaan; 
The marslie? strll flooded. 26. Hazy morning \ fair day, with various clonds ; stocl 
dear ntgkt. 27. White frost, rainy day, -and fair night. 28. Fair hazy stiU day, 
Cumuloiiratm, &c. 29. Yarioui douds and fair > dark cloudy night. 
Xurch 1. Petroid and thonataiuous Cumulostjaiiu, &c« wind rose at night 2l A ^w 
. .very slight showers' of snow apd hail. 3. Hoar frost, then small rain, and very dark 
night. 4. Misty morning ; some small rain in the day ; fair intervals by night. 
5. Fair, various clouds, distances clear, and a stiff breeze. 6 and 7. Pretty fair. 8. 
Showers. 9. Clear morning; showers at night. 10. Fair.' II. Macfa cloo<f. 
12. Dark and rainy by night. 13. Clear morning; bail, rain, and wiftd, P. M. 
14. Showery afternoon. 15. Fair, and hslil showers.. 16 to 18. Cold N. E. viad' 
and generally overcast, 19. A Corona Lunaris, overcast. 20. Rain, sn0W, aivd sleet; 
warmer in the evening. Luminous METEOits. 

In my last I mentioned the propriety of an artificial division of those luminous ac- 
censions called Falling Stars into tl^ree kinds ; the little stellar meteors, tbe brilliant 
meteorti and the caudate meteors: these names are certainly very defective in point of 
description, but tfaey may serve for meteorologists, in their journals, to point out tbe 
peculiar kind of meteOT which they wish to record, till a more 8cienti6c nomenclature 
shall be invented. The stellar meteors have much the appearance of tlie real stars ; 
they abound in clear frosty nights in winter, and in dry weather with easterly winds ; 
they leave no train of light behind them. The brilliant meteors are generally larger 
and brighter, and happen in warm summer evenhofgs, particularly wben CirroCwa^uli, 
and thunder clouds abound. The caudate meteors are phenomena which appear 
to result from some peculiarity in the atmosphere through which they pass ; tbe long 
vfhite phosphoric trains of light which they leave behind them, seem to arise fcom. tbe 
bnming of some gass (hydrogeQ.iierhaps) lighted by the niieteor'in its passage throngh 
the air. Tbey generally take place in the intervals of stormy weather, and before tbe 
oecurrence of high wind, of which Virgil has considered them as a prognostic la tbe 
Ibllowiog very descriptive verses : 

" Saepe etiam Stellas, vento impendente, videbis 

Praecipites coelo labi, noctisque per umbram 

Flammarum longos i tergo albescere tractus^" Georg' Uh. 1. 

Chftm, 4faxcA 23; 181S, THOMAS fORSTESU 



A 



6ent. Ma^ Marrh ISIZ. Ii.I.p. iog. 



IvuffGHOE Church, Bucks, S.W. 



Flamsted Church, Herts, W.E- 



GENTLEMAN'S MAGAZINE ■. 



AttTcrl. 
P.Ledter^racle 
Bril. P»a— Day 
St. JuDet'iChron. 
Sub— EvBo. H.j| 



}>aclwt-Lond.Chr. 
Aibk>n-m CbroD. 
Conntr—ajobe 
Eog. Chreo.— Inq. 
Coatd'Aagtettm 
Coor. it LodiIki ' 
1 l3MtmWerkrrP. 

! Hoe acCiy Police 
Lit Adr. nonthlv 
Bath 3— BedFord . 
Qer>ick — BoitoD 
Binningbam 4 
BTaekb. Brighton 
BrutolS, Bury 
Camb.— Chatb. 
CariLS-CheMrS 
Chelou. Cambria. 

M<t.Diar 



Conin.-CorenL 2. 

.Cumi>eiland 3 
Dour;Biiler-~Derb. 

HKBlerS, Gloue, g 
itax — HanlB 3 



Herat 



I, Hull 5 



IlHoinh 1, Keni 4 
l.-.nca.t.-Lei«s.2 
Li-Kjaa, Liverp. 6 
MuiUn. MaDcb.4 
NewcJ.— -NbMi.S 
\ortbBni|itoa ' 
Norfolk, .Vorwich 
Ji.WaieBOiforJa 
l*ort4«a — Poll try 
PreMon— Plym.S 
ReadiDf— Sallsb. 
Sxlop— tHirlBrldS 
bliKrb'ime.SusKi 
Shrew .bury. 
fitaff. — SUmT. 3 
TmiinlDii—Tyne 



MARCH, 1812. 
CONTAINING 



iw Fcbraaiy lod March 90e, JOB 
-•^vn. uu uieStaXt of hi* Majsily'i HibIiIi 203 
BriafNotica of Literati, Cultecton, ttci ...906 
ObwTTBlian>oiilbBParuhR(giilci>B<tl...3U7 
I>eM:rt|Nii><uatlvinchoenidFlaiiulail 309,310 
CUtndDn BouM 311— ZoiMhe Barunj. ...312 
Old PKtuf*— Epltuph.oa Perc.,Su>ckd>1e....>i. 
On Mr. BurfH'i Edition oftb^ Ph<BDiua...313 
SbcMliMK— TbeLaaMwo— |b(>t->'«>i>>ai '" 
Serieiof Iftwtt oa.Acoiutkiirl«Un 111 
Dr. Manh') ArgnmniuagMaitBi MeSocietr 1 1 ^ 
BomanCMbelici, CsliuiMtiADiirtoiiiuiu . 3£0 
Sunday SiAoal»~-nie NBrianalSociely......82: 

A;ed School. Maiteix and MwtrHMt 'i'i'. 

Cathedral Sen ire— Diracntiiis TeactiEn ...11: 
E*eDiiigl.ectUfe»Dotiuita<ito Viliagi!5....32; 

Oo the Pedigree or ilnifercyFamUj..: •i'i: 

TbaugfaUonClat<iacatioiitirBtiil(nipIi...39( 
Retreat sf dying'Biiilir 8CT— PfO«arbi'i3S,B3» 
englaDdtafaaad Iriumptiaot — Pruphecie* SSC 
IIU*en>ik>iiDnibei;9ig«orCoatAnnoar...33l 

Mr. Dibdin — " Liber ACTragitionil" 33i 

AaalyiiiofBoekJrHalV t «33 

HeniK(MerturiU9Tr»aiegistii»,byEveraid.ift. 
Architeeturaf inoovBUoif— HamptanUourt 934 
Aam ia Vackei 33^— Wm; Boyi, Ku].. ...S^B 
■Warwft^bire Scab. ..'...,23S 



OnldaadSilTeF 

Embdliibad with Penpectiia Vi 



- hn*it 



ri of tl 



Scotland 34 i 
Su nday Ad vettine. ' 
JerMy3.Guem.3; 

SaggeiHon-f spectinjKeglectofLord'»Tablei*, ! 
A Chriitia. Maa afler the Pope's Makiu^. jr>9 

U^iativ iHTEtMoaxci 3J9 

ladcxJadiaatoriut. 240 

- SiviKVorNiw Pliblicationi; rr:. . 

Hillary and Anliquitietof LEicE9TartgHiliE.?41 I 
Picture Gallery of cuDtemporatyPortrajtii . 343 ! 

Wotkiof Up,Warbuhon.byBp. Hurd 347 

Pufalnaiin'a Poltah Gsme of Draught*, 348 i 

Tupper on Seiiialion in Vegetable* ' 349 < 

(iatl'i Voyage* and Travels. conliDiicd. ..,«.« ■ 
Claili's Aritlimetic—Tiioni'9 Aberdeen,- &C.351 i. 
rpacfaeti ' A rithm.- Evening' Ed lertainmenls 260 'i 
.-'ELECT PoF-mv for March isie ,,,.<.38I— 364 
Proce.^dini'siiipieKDLSeas'DDurPBrliBaieutSeS 
tiilerestiag lutf l&rrutnthe Loodoo Gozettn 3r>9 
Abilract of principal Foreign OcmtCDCCi 2TS 
CiiHDtfyNcw, 2aJ— Doine»iicOeR.irt£»c«385 ' 
ThealrJOalReg.— ^ Promotiofl ( — Pteft rroeoti 4OT 
Hinha and Marriages oF eminent Pcnoni . 3Sa ; 
Momoiraoritaelal.:F.Ca'eadi9h, E^q. 2S9i of [ 
BarHOM IfE^OMty 391 ; oT MarcliioEi»9 of 
Bucitiogham 393 ; Dr. Hall, Bp. oC Dninioce 
393; Dr.Gartfaili(ire30a;Archd.Biirnabj3ai i 
Obituar*,iiithAbae.ofreinnrkableP*natis294 ! 
Price* of Market*, fcc— Bill of MoMalily 303 | 
Price; of Sloekifbr the M«ii^of Harc^. ...3U4 
ChurcheiofWiTHBUKvi in teicMtenbkei 



BackinBhaaubire; ^d Flamited, in Uettlotdiliire.' 
SYLVANVS URBAS, GwiV 



. « 



210 Iv-fnghoe Churck^ Bvicks ; and Flamsted, Herts. [Marcb^ 



The internajl arehUe<4are ii not 
inet«|pint. The nave is separated from 
the side ailea by two rows of octaj>:on 
columns with foliage capitnls, fxiur 
OB eaeh liide, five pointed arches, 
plain niou)din;;Vhat bold. The nave 
js open to the root, and all other parts 
of the church. The timbers and rnf- 
tcrs are ornamented with pendant 
angels, particularly over the part 
where the romUloft was, with a block 
and pulley, orij^inalty, 1 suppi»se,for a 
lamp to be suspended. The rooi' rests 
on long posts set on corals of stone, 
Curiously carved iitto wry facen, as if 
they were sensible of tlie weight ot the 
woof on their ahoulders. The piwls 
are between the window <i, and are 
carved to represent the twelve 
Apostles, not badly enteented. The 

(mlpit is against imeof llie So^th pit- 
am near the transept, heiii<^ hand- 
•Qmeiycarvedoak,wi1h the Uesifrrec- 
ItOQ on Ibe hack; a thick sounding 
ho%rd carved into tracery or fret- 
workt a reading desk and clerk*s ds k 
decreasing in lieighl. The ittui crane 
and frame to place the honr-glass in 
itill remain. There are but few 
|)ews, being chiefly very antient stalls, 
the to|Mi of which are carved in a 
rude and irregular niannei'. There 
IS a oewl} -erected gallery at the West 
end'; on each side of the window over 
it are two remarkably fine slender 
colutons at the edge, fmrn the springs 
iiigof thearch to the bottom, with 
capital and base. A stone seat ruus 
round the back of I he side ailet. A 
"very antient stone font stands near the 
South West corner of the nave ; it is 
of an octauguiar shape, and ' has 
formerly had one niund pillar at each 
corner, as the tops and (bottoms plain- 
ly shew J Ihcy stood clear of the octa- 
gon fmtt it now rests on. The whole 
«»f the churcti is neatlv paved^ but 
wants a thoroufh repair. 

Yoursydrc. J. & B. 

(Toke cancludtd ttt^nr ne^t.) 

Mr TaBATf Todding^v^ 

" ' Bedfordithire^ Mmrch 4. 

THE small reiuaimt of the once 
markel-tuwn of Fl4|i»tc<ii are 
]>lBa s an tly situated on a hill afbcnit 
iweaty^even miles on the turnpike 
road, leading from London lo t>un- 
slahle; anlkntly called t^erlamHtdtf 
nwiiig, it -it* supfiofted, to the river 
Vere, or. i'^tfruiom, or Verluine, wash- 
ing the^EM^t of the ^» * 



In the time of king Edward the 
Confessor, Leofstaue Abbot 6f • 6t« 
Alban^s gave this manor to three 
knigbts,turnoth^Waldof,andTurmaor 
but in the time of William theConque* 
ror, Ral|>h dcThony.Todeny, Tony.or 
Toui« his standard-bearer at the bat* 
tie of H'tstings held it, as appear^ 
from Dome^Hlay Book : *Mn Danait 
Huml. Ralf de Todeny boldeth Flam- 
stede fur two hides of land.^ Cam- 
den states it to have been granted ta 
the father of Rolf. It was the chief 
place of his rcHideiice. He married 
the daitghter of !>imcHi de Mootford, 
and d^in^c left a son Kalf, who mar- 
ried the daughter of the Earl of Hun- 
tington and Northumberland, his heir» 
Roger was his heir, lu^d married the 
daughter of the Earl of llainauit. 
Ralf was disinherited by king Joim 
for atsiisling (he Barons, yet came into 
favour again, and was restored bj 
Henry II!. Robert, hi& successor in 
the sixth generation, 27 Edward I. 
obtained a charter of that king for 
a market on Thursdays, and a fair 
on the eve, day, and morrow after 
thefeaiit of St. Leonard, and five days 
following. The present fair or feast 
is kept eleven days before ; the mar» 
Ket has been long disused. To the 
manor, as Robert died 3 Edward II. 
without issue, Alice his sister^ widow 
of Thomas Le} born, was found heir» 
and married toG uy de Beauchamp Earl 
of Warwick, whose heir was the 
famous Guy» who died near Calais 43 
Edward 1 1 1> H is heirs enjoyed tim a 
long lime ; but male issue failing, and 
Anne daHghter of the duke of War- 
Wick- dying young, his sister Anne 
inherited^ who was married to Richard 
Nevil Earl* of Saiisbur> , who had with 
her the title of Earl of" Warwick* This 
Richard dying at Barnet field, temp. 
Edward IV. the e-itale fell lo theCrown. 
His Countess, S.Henry VII. possessed 
It again» after the death of her daugh- 
ters* Henry VIII. granted it to 
George Fvrrars and his heirs, from 
whom it ckme to Sir John Ferrara 
and iCnighlon Verrars of Beyford^ 
whose daughter, Katharine, married 
to Thomas Lord Fanshawc. Lord 
and Lady Fanshawe sold it to Serjeaat 
Edward Pecker from him it dc<* 
acended to WiHiare his son, of Slani- 
tbrd in Ksaex, who left a aon William, 
and he disposed of it to Mr. Pearce, 
whose second son is the present lord 
of the maaon 

The 



1412.] Church Notes fivm Flanisted. — Ckrend on House. 1 1 1 

Th« Chufch («<?* Plate I.) if dcdf- f "^ daughter of Sir Saimjuel Dashwood^ 

cated to St. leonard. It ii in the knight, difjd March 2l, J772; and her, 

hundred of Dacorura and deanery fenialiis are dejiosited in the vault in thU 

of Bcrkhamttcd, valued in the Kuig'i ^^^^^\ , « . . « u^^. 

propnate, antiently n IIm; trow«, travelling throufth France, nal murder- 
part m the y.n»3^»;y^ «f^ O^^*""**' ed by robbers n«ir Calis, Deccmher 
a»d part in tlie Sebright fenrtly af 12, 1723, aged 25. His remains wer* 
Beccbwood Park ; the former graat- brought to England, and are deposited 
<^ it by lease to them that they in the iatnily vjiult in this church." 
fkouid iind a curate to officiate in <* Sir Thomas Saunders Sebright, fifth 
the church. King; James Is grantf> Ban>net, son of Sir Thomas and Dame 
ed the reversion to trustees for Mr. Henrietta, died unmarried, October 30^ 
Guotty, curate therein, in 16IS, by 1761, aged S8.' Uis remains are depo- 
Icaac for forty- two years. The Church "ted in the faniily vault in this church.- 
•tands high. Leiand . saya, that Yours, &c. J. S. Ba 
•* riding through a thorough fair on (Tobe^onUuuei) 
Watiing street, uot far from Mer^ate * 
(Market Street) he saw in a pretty 3Wr. Urban, March 1. 
wood side S{. Leortard's on the left |l Y fn extract from the Oxford 
hand, &cr It is built in the Gothic *-^ Herald, mtertefi in your last Sup* 
fltyle,of fiiats and c^iurses of tiles (smik plement. p, 601, you have given lorae 
po«cd to be Roman) alternately, part account of Clarendon House, iu which 
plaster^, with a square tower at the it is staled «' that the only trace 
West end, surmounted with a high which the curi(»us Antiquary will now 
leaded apirc and vane; aiul a clock fi"d upon Uiefpot, to indicate the im- 
dial oil the North side. The build- maculate Clarendon once had posset- 
ing is uniform, consisting of a nave, »Jo»'» there, arises firom the modem 
two side ailes, Aorth and South adoption of a nossessor of a small 
porch, and a chancel at the end, with P'»ece of the land lying towards Bond 
a veatry on the Korth side^ lofty Street, bow distiuguished as Claren*. 
ccilmg, foVmerfy two stories, iu which don Hotel." From some, papers 
if a piscina; door into the chanccf, which 1 have seen* I am enabled to 
near which if a handsome monument ^Ute why this house in so dislinguiah- 
by Flaxman, cloije to the altar, Faith «>. At the begmniiig of the last cea- 
and Hope at top, and an urn in the t«ry it was Uie properly i»f Henry 
centre, inscribed as follows : ^^rd Dover, and was conveyed hjr 
** Sacred to the memory of SirEdwaid h'lu as a security for money to Jciha 
fiebrigfat, third baronet, descended fh>ta Chamberlain, and described as ^« part 
^l¥iUiam Sebright of Sebright H^l, in of the ground whcretm a Capital Mes* 
4he county of Essex, and of Blakesball, fuage or Mansion House. fornMsrly 
in the county of Worcester, in -the reign called Clarendon House, and after^ 
•f Henry 11. He di«d J>eeember iji, wards called Albemarle House, dUI 
1102,. aged 86 years, and was interrwi then lately stand, or of ground to tha 
4n a family vaok at fiesfbrd Court, in ^\^ [^^e cai)i4al messuage belong- 
the county of Worcester. He left issqe j^^ | j^ and being in the parish of 
Ibivcluldren, Thomas, Edward, Anne, Saint Martin iu the FieldiTon th« 
^d Helen. ^ ^ . ^^ , West side of a certain street there caH- 



•» 




Edwaid Sebright, third Baronet. She ^^ ^a« afterwards conveyed to Henry 

died December 25, 1719, aged 49 years. Edward Earl of Lichfield, in trust for 

Her remains are dctposited in her family Barhary, Duchess of Clevetand, and 

vault in this church." hf her to Charles Duke of Graftcm. 

''SrThoroasliauiiders Sebright, foanh in 6 George III. an act was passed to 

Baronet, died April the 12, 1730, aged enable the Duke of Grafton to sell 

44. His lematm are deposited in the the above premises, the same hav«ig 

family vault in thU Church. He left been intailed by the will of his father, 

issue two sons, Tbomas and John." ^nd they were iu consequence pur. 

1^ r^^ c!""l"*<Sl^"f>^**^*!^ chased bj John EarJ of Buckingham. 
Sir Thomas Saunders Sebnght, Baronet, *' shire 



212 Zouche Barony. ^Old Picture. '^^. Steckdale. [March, 



•hire, who also had an under lease 
of part of a piece of gr6und adioining, 
formerly called CondQil Mead, which 
the Cit} of London had agreed to let 
to the said Duke for 61 years, renew- 
able every 14 jears for ever. The 
Earl made it his town residence for 
many years, and died in the year 
|79S;/by his will he directed the 
same to be sold, which was done by 
his executors, and it was cdb verted 
Hih> a Snbficrtption House, since 
which it has been known as the Cla- 
fendou Hotel. A, B. 

Mr. Urban, Louth:, Feb. 15. 

IN your LXXlXth Volume is a 
leller from Mr. Banks, in answer 
(o another of your Correspondents, 
respecting the aotient barony of 
Zouche of Harring worth. Mr. 
Banks; I find, has stated in his valua- 
ble publication, that '^ the descen- 
dants of the last Lord Zouche, in the 
line of Talc, are illegitiqiate," and 
for proof of their illegitimacy he re- 
fers to my letter on the subject, 
(Gent. Mag. Vol. LXXI. p. 402) in 
which 1 have shewn, from the most 
respectable authorities, that there is 
very great reason to condude that 
Zouche Tate was illegitimate. In 
Vol. LXXVIII, p. 500, Mf. Banks 
says respecting the Tate family, " had 
F. T. ever travelled the counties of 
Buckiugham and Northampton, he 
might have beard a current report 
which concurs with what, he states, I 
mean to insinuate." What is the 
report to which Mr. Banl^ alhides ? 

It shoitd seem from the letter of 
your Correspondent, W — ds — r (Vol. 
1-XlX. p. lOlS) that there is no issue 
fcom Mary, second daughter and 
coheir of the last Lord Zouche. 

Exclusive of the descendants of the 
last Lord Zouche, can' any of your 
Correspondents inform me whether 
there is any issue from George Lord 
Zouche, who died in the year 1560, or 
from Richard Lord Zouche, whose 
sister, Catherine, married Francjs 
Uvedale of Horton, Dorsetshire, 
second son of Sir William Uvedale, of 
More Crichel, in that county. 
Yours, &c. R. U. 

Mr. Urban, Feb. 6. 

IN answer to Civis, who, in p. 30, 
makes inquiry respecting a remark- 
able family picture, noticed in your 
Magazine some years since, I hate to 
jnform him that about six years ago^ 



having accidentally called at the 
White Swan at Stock well, I saw ia 
the parloui;, what 1 suppose to be 
the very picture to whicn he alludes. 
It was an oil painting, composed of 
characters dressed in tlie costume of 
thetimeofQueenElizabcth. In thccen-r 
tre was a lady sitting with a gentle* 
man reclining his head on her lap, ap- 
parently sleeping ; on the right three 
persotis were approaching from an 
antient building in the back ground ^ " 
and on the left was a gentleman whq 
appeared to be the first speaker ia 
the following colloquy, which was in- 
scribed in letters of an old character 
underneath, and which 1 have now 
copied from a memorandunv hastiJ j 
made at the time. The words omitted 
were not legible, but may be ehsily 
gathered from the context. 
^* Madam, 1 pray you this one thinge me 

showe, 
Who yon three bee, if you them knowe, 
Commhig from the castle, in such degree. 
What is their descent and nativitie ? 

Sir, The one by the father's side is my 

brother,' [mother. 

And see is the next, in righte of roy 

The third is my ofrne sonne lawfully 

begot. 
And all sonncs to my husband that— 
Without hurt of lineage in any degree 
—Shew me in — r- how this may be.'^ 
Yours, dec ^ N. 

Mr. Urban, Berwick^ March 5. . 

OBSERVING that the Translator 
. of the Epitaph on the Kev. 
Fercival Stockdale (see jour last vor 
lume, page 667) had misunderstood 
the sense of it in two or three places, 
! trouble you v<rith another transla- 
tion, R- ?• 

« Sacred to the memmy of the Reve- 
rend Percival Stockdalb, whose re- 
niairts rest here interred. In eloquence 
ne was agreeable and impressive ; ardent 
and fervent in the promotion of learning; 
in converBation pleasant and acutcf; 
strenuous and bold also in the vindica- 
tion of truth J to the hypocrite a bitter, 
a deterniiHod foe ; bis imagination uas 
vivid and quick ; his mind independent, 
disdaining servility equally to all; to 
his parents his affection was warm and 
constant ; and in the cultivation of let- 
ters elegantly aiwl actively his life past 
away: even* to him no small praise is 
due,- for the classical productions of bts 
pen. But , alas I age, at length, w ithoat 
disease, weakened and exhausted bis 
vigorous mind. Stop, traveller I aud be- 
wail the miseries of man I the fratlUcs of 
our nature pardon and forget. Farewell." 

Mr* 



l6l2.] Remarks on Mr. Burges's Edition (^ the PbcBnis^e. 2lS 



Mr. Urban, LiverpCfol, Feb. 5. 

PERMIT me, throtigh the me- 
dium of your Magazine, to oflfer 
a few remarks on the Phoenissae of 
Euripides, as lately edited by Mr. 
IJurges. Your Readers, who have 
perused this edition, must have 
observed its principal features : 
which are a bold departure from 
several received and well-authenti- 
<*ated readings, and an innovation 
in some of the choral son^s hither- 
to considered monostropnics ; but 
in Mr. B's edition &shioned into 
strophes and antistrophes, I am 
not about to dispute the purity of 
diction which may exist in some of 
Mr, B*s alterations ) some of thera 
may seeni more intelligible than the 
received text : but I shall attempt 
to shew that, to make room for un- 
warranted conjecture, phrases and 
words have been expunged, which 
are not so unworthy Euripides, as 
Mr. B. appears to consider them. 

MJe may ramble in the devious 
wilds of conjecture, and perchance 
approach the excellence and catch 
the spirit of this admirable Trage- 
dian, but, at the same time, we 
must not lose sight of venerable 
authorities before us ; we must re- 
ject the illusions of fafncy,and search 
for the fragments x)f the Poet s 
mind, sparkling here and there 
among the dusty heaps of ' time- 
worn mamitscripts and scholia; this 
•I humbly conceive is a surer clue 
•to purity of text. Thus we may, as 
it were, raise him from the shades, 
arrayed in all the splendour of his 
appropriate diction. 

But to proceed. First }et us fio- 
tice verse 145 ; 

We observe the same words 
precede in verse 95 : Mr. B. won- 
ders this has escaped the notice of 
former editors and the celebrated 
Porson himself Valckenaer, how- 
ever, does appear to suspect the 
verse as an intei'polation. But this 
is not the only repetition thit oc- 
curs in Euripides 5 and if we dis- 
miss the verse in question, what 
must be the firte of jnany in his 



Medea and the otlkertrage^es: yet 
mippose it aivay, and a dismember* 
mint of the context directly showft 
the violence comsntted. Thus we 
see in the verse before, 

ru/xsr* Mv TOT* dtnei^m ly»«^(r» 
then, 

S^rov^o^ OT* i?Xd« 0*2 xoo'iyynrw ^t^vu 

SO, if we take away the former 
verse; TOT' loses its cCnrektive OT*j 
hence it is very plain that the Po^ 
wrote both the verses, *or neither! 
To save the former, Mr. B. propoees 
to read ro^ for tor : this, however, 
Completely mars the sense'. He has 
no objection to t6t* ^gnifying 
'' (Aim,** '' formerly r But, unfor- 
tunate^ for him, Jocasta in the 
prologue intimates this messenger 
to be lately on hfe return irotik the 
Afffive camp. Verse 81, 

Let us then exclude rSrc, hnt I 
want thp authority j for though two 
MSS^ furnish us with wrtyya^tow, yet 
Mr. B's <wnr*Xv fcTTi (a great liberty 
taifen with the common reading) 
rests on no authority^ whatever. 

The mutilated writings of the 
^^nlieiits ara not to be supplied by 
hardy transpositions of entire words, 
without the least regaixi to manu- 
scripts j but they often are by a 
sKght change in the letters of a 
word, or in the connexion of one 
word with another: Many of the 
manuscripts being written in capi- 
tals, and the words close together, 
copyists may have committed many 
and i^at biundei-s by the annexion 
to a word of a letter belonging to 
the next. 

We will now endeavour to pro- 
tect the Poet from the charge of 
useless rej)etitiem. The scene, which 
is supp'obiHl to be? iu Thebes, beau- 
tifully exhibits to us Antigon6 in 
conveisalion, oiOthe roof of the 
palace, with her tutor, who had 
been to Argos as ambassador be- 
tween her rival brothers. Not for 
•ftom the walls of the City are the 
encampments of the enemy, aad in 
verse 104, 

KtvoV{j.tvoy • ' TTsAjsq-ytxoy 

is 



tH Semaph a» Mr. Bufges's Edition of the Pbceni6sae; [Marcli, 

S»a|)iitQfe Mbpe CMiur ey«8. But, son, lead me to condudethat the 

hffyst^ AntigoQ^ ascends the roo^ veTse wa« Mally written by £un« 

liie tutor thus addresses her : t. da. pides. 

vmfU ^*sf s»^a;f ^^«<r«» We are now come to vferse 1^ 

"a t' eJ^o/ fJ<m'i»TO«T» T 'A^«a»» wofot. and foliowinfi", which Mr. B. hap 

Soon after she{N»ks many questions, transformed into strophe and antt«^ 

and wonders how he has acquired strophe. I olject to the innova* 

ffo exact a knowtjedge of the leaders tion. First. Because anomoeoHTOr 

and their insignia. But, a? she phia, such as those in questioia 

Jmew that he wa$ lately arrived from have ever been considered, abound 

Ae^05> and he had tohi her that h^ in the tragedies of this Poet^ and 

iwonld relate every thing he had are almobt peculiar to him. We 

£eenor heard there, $he ought to may discover in them the finest 

lifiive concluded that there he dh- specimens of dramatic skill and th# 

tained the knowledge. However^ tender ff«9o« fbar which Euripide^i ia 

^m she appears to have foiigotten remarkable. Antigon^ interrupta 

4his, and,|n vei»e 141, asks him - the subject of convei^atlon, and 

Xu^\ » yi^y vMi cda4ocinf ao^tpv^rdhi breaks out in an incoherent apos<- 

what Gcmki he reply more fxroper trophe to the Moon : this afiectioa 

than Sn^sf l^»V«.T.x.— the unnece»- is depicted in measures almost im- 

sa) y line which Mr. B. thinks should controuled ; and how much morp 

beexpungeil! Here^ 1^-the-bye,. it naturally than it would ^pear hi 

may be noted that Ihe Latin version the stiff regulaiity of strc^he and 

'i^ tlas passagie, as we have it in tluB anti&tit)phe ? Secondly ; because 

editions of Barnes and Beck» does the best judges of Greek Tragedjr 

jnot appear to give the true meaning have left the^e venses untouched, 

ef tlie original: it seems to re£^ Among the Antiei^,. Hephsestioa 

TOT€ to pyfv^wm 3 wliereas 1 conceive and other eminent writers acknow- 

it shouhi W refeiTed to Quv in the ledge them, and they are supported 

Allowing Older, i^cw tot* {T»)(mft(Z» {at least they are not rejected), by 

dir^U^p, ore ix^ov ^i^uf wov^o^i <r^ later scholars; Canter, Baraes,Valq- 

^iflwvyytiT^, lyvd^icTOi : a {jnfu^ioif) kenaer, Beck^ and Poison, our ccx- 

v^oa-Wa^Kias oi^» TODf. (oirXta-fAifw^, lumn of Grecian literature. Thirdly ^ 

" Having seen the figures on and what I consider most especiallf 

their shields at the time when I objectionable, is the bisection of a 

canned to your brother the pledge period 5 and this Mr. B. is obliged 

of truce, I recogmze them -, which to submit to in the formation of his 

having closely observed, I know the strophe and antistropbe. — Thu«, 

warrioi-s who bear them.** before the sense is complete, tha 

As to the garrulity of the tutor, strophe is made to end at x^v^t^ 

being unusual in the old men Qf ^fyyc^ — ^But both strophe and anti« 

Euiipides, I must remark that the strophe ever close with the period, 

repetition is imposed by the forget- And this is a rule so 8crm|)ulously 

fulness of Antigon6> which is e^f.- regarded, that I question whethar 

ti-cmeiy natural in the supposed Mr. Buigejs can produce me a single 

troubled state of her mind : this, instance in Euripides, qx in any 

together with what we term a use- other Greek tragedian, of a period 

less repetition, might, by appropri- thus divided. The actions accom« 

ate tone and action, have been so pahying the strophe and the anti- 

expressed to his Athenian audience, strophe were distinct, so of course, 

as to have excited an opinion of the was the sentiment. Fomlhly ; 

poet's merit in this passage, far tbe^ parts were almost always alf- 

different to that entertained by . lotted to the Chorus, either entirely^ 

Valckenaer and Mr. Surges. These or in dialogue with the other actors : 

considerations, with tlie authorities and for five hundred instances of 

of Barnes, Brunck> Beck^ add Por» this, scarce apy are to be found 

where 



mfktn tiie ChoriM tre deludbd. exeeedin^ ]M<yper and fle«eri|rtive, 

Ttey were also sung with dances or fhim the rery n>peai'aBee of that 

extensive procession ; butAntigon^ luminary: f&r, m a clear sky, a 

(to whom Mr. B. would assign bright efiiilgence seems to surround 
them) is represo&ted on the roof his disk, which siu^y may be ex^ 

of a palace ! I pressed by the q)itiiet "ksvet^w^?. 

Having stated my principal ob« *' brigkt^girdledT or '^ Mght^encir^ 

jfictions, I beg leave, Mr. Urban, to ded.** Now in the moon we see 
lay before your Readers the verses * nothing that resembles the {^aIvv. 

113 they have been hithorto received^ The common reading x^'^^^'^o* 

and the order in which Mr. B.. has ^^yyo^, without a sin^ manuscript 

edited them. authority, is distorted to xvn\em xv 

Beck"^ Edition. irt^iyyovi, because in Phaeth. fr. 10, 

Antigon^. — J Xivot^uiov ^uyari^ Euripides uses the latter in allusioa 



oiXiov <rfX«yaic&^, tothessm! But ^fyyor, '^ Ught,* 

X^yo^y^ov ffyyof, applicaMe to both the sun and 

t#( dr^tjAieu* kivI^ moon > and as to XP'^^U l*t us hear 

auU cta^Jta vdikon OUr Poet, £1. 54. 

Mr. Burges has altered 9od trans* Thus, Mr. Urban, it is evident the 

posed as under : epithet x^v^nof, and df course xt^ 

£7^0^ £. c^ftyytf, is allowable in speddng 

Antigon^,— » XiTo^My* A * of iun, mdon, or $tanf1 ^V«r^; 

•iXiov Otiyftrr^ aikeif» ai^vetia, and x^v^^^*^^^ ^^77^^ 

Mvx^ot; x^ffiipiyyovi may all be referred/to their posses* 

Afii^ya^ £. ^^c cBiAioo to describe the moon*i 

«^ i^TeiV*? fiaUn borrowed light ; which bdng that 

xal cu^^fo, xUl^ fftoXoK ^ ^« "^"' justifies a community of 

/APra^ff »» t^vm, ' epithets. I re^ the verses in the fol* 

Mi*. Burges, we may observe, has l<wring order : ft ^vyal^, x^^^"^^ 

not only changed the metre but the ♦«yyo? doSov Xnnc^cmv, <n\ae9cuiH 

sense. Xito^V altered from Xuccl- •f^ »Tf f^?« x«l (ni^^w kUI^ i^^ot/p^v^ 

^mv is made to refer to <r«x«ya. ""^'^o*^ *Qi'«* (understand »Mvq). 

The alteration is supported by the I leave these comments tothecon- 

opinion of Brunck and a quotation «ideration of your candid Readers, 

frdm Theocritus, Idyll. 2. 165, x^^V ^^' feaiiog 1 may become tedious^ 

rtXfjKti* Xi^e<>;e?of. Mr. B. has not, conclude for the present. 

however, the aid of a single manu- James Wbetmaw. 

script; nor has he shown us the im- Postscript, — ^I had ^most omitted 

propriety of the ccnnmon reading, to make mention of the metre of 

9u«7K^ ** br%ht,*' and ^um a zone, the last noted six verses or lines : 

girdle, or belt, are common, and and, certainly, as they are now ar- 

applied both to the masculine geh- ranged, it is difficult to say to what 

der and the feminine : for the for- class they properly belong. But 

mer see Lucianus quo. His. scrib. I consider them as cominata or he- 

19. 2T. Ed. Hems, and Homerus. mistichs, and conceive that they 

11. B. 44. — Xiwtt^^wyow, as relating ought to be scanned and written in 

to the sun^ I think, is proved to be thr6e instead of six lines. Thuj : 

1. ft xy«ra[^«y|ow Si?y«[T?5||a£X|*ov a'i\Xd¥eb, 

2. ;^irtf'foj«7xXoy | fi^o$>| il;f(|«Tft|jtAaMa [jci»7^ 
S. Ka.7 cS^^)f& I vuXSi^ fAha\p'(^9 l^Qvm, 



Wi^Mtf^dk*.*. 



* Beek reads nXdva, aild ttr'^fiuaa in miiotber cditflon^ and which appear to 
Mik the. OMtis much better. 
i* ^omu'm h^ Hjuim to^tl^ Moon his •*:x9*'^* 0fW9.^tp9Vtt>:\. . 

The 



216 Mr.Shen&tone, ahdTheLesisovres. — Ca/^.Newman. [March^ 

The two former evidently beione^ ywrth, that I thowed him some YerM 

to the (x<rvv€Cfrnra described by He-' *" h«d written ob the Leofoweis wbich, 

phaestionj see Gaisford's exceUent although they have little to recom- 

edition, pp. 84 and 88, The first ^^^^^ ^^.f""' ^ ^^" introduce, to show 

««i«« «« iT-.^:^**^!, • J J 1- 1. the willingness he had to assist a 

€olon or hemistich is dactyl^ eph- ^^ . aavenlurer, and likewise the 

ikeniens; the reraamm^ colon is facility with which he wrote. With 

the Tfoxaixov n/xwXiwr. The third a pencil he iinraediately annexed the 

Terse is the " lonicus a majore" eight last lines, and returned me the 

trimeter and a syllable ; see p. 63 verses. 

line 10 of the same author 3 and if Ferses im«ena/ The Leasowes, J!foy I9, 
we may by the <ruvEx^a>»n«rt? contract 1759. 

|ht?Ta^e^uy to fA,iT»^'^ut the verse will How soothing are those fra^jant shades^ 
*be exactly the same as the one With ev'ry beauty crownM , • 

quoted by Hephaestion himself. I Sequestered valleys, fair cascades, 
^ , .,•' .ft' 1 •: And hills that snnle around. 

make the r^e m ^vyamp long, be* . . , ^ . . r 1 n 

cause it closes the " colmi " fwid ^ *^* ^^ ^*""^ *^'^ peaceful ceU, 
cause It Closes tne COlcm, ana in bliss unmix'd and pure; 

contract iov m ociX^ov into one long Here ev*iy sordid aim expel, 
syllable with Hephaestion's autho^ And ev*ry anguish cure.v 

rity, grounded on, the natui-al ten- But, ah! my humbler lot denies 
dency of the organs of speech 5 as Such pleasure to my share ; 

one can scarcely avoid pronouncing ^v'n in this calm abode, my sighs 
the letters as a monosyUable : viz. ^^^^^^^^ *^^ ^^""^ ""^ ^*''^- 

*ryoo."_In this innovaUon I may thrice happy thou, whom Fate's decree 
^J^^^^^ 4.^ ,u' 4, ii? * *u Has here securely blest ; 

appear to subject myself to tlie Would Fate allot oie joy to me, 

charge which I urge against Mr. And give thee all the rest. 

Burges ; but you will perceive, Mr. But tho* I to thoie woods rehears*. 
Urban, that I do not in the least The woes uith which 1 jrine^ 

change the orcfo verborum : the ^«W wit and heatUy read a verse, 

lines as they commonly appear,. I Or soothe a pang like mine ? 

repeat, are unsusceptible of classi- ^^ ^ ''*" *^^^* I grave my care, 

^cdon , and as, when disposed in ^^l^l^^ ^f^, . 
three verses, we recognize exactly q^ still remain unknaum. 
similar in the respectable author Yours &c. A. F. 

before mentioned, I trust I shall ' ^ 

not be considered presumptuous in Inscription on a Cenotaph intended ia 
suggesting the alteration. J. W. be erected in the Church at P REs;roif » 

» Northamptonshire. (See p. 174.) 

M r. Urbabt, Qutnton, Feb. 4. "Reader,within these consecrated walla 

Tj^ AGERLY, according to custom, this marble Tablet (with tribute that is 

JOj looking over the contentai of due) is inscribed to the Memory of James 

your Magazine for December last, Newman Newman, esq. of the Royal 

p. 505, I dropped upou the birth- Navy, Captain of his Majesty's ship 

place of my favourite Shenslone, and " Hero," of seventy-four guns, wrecked 

glad 1 am that there is a semblance <? *K« 24th of December, l«ll, upon 

If it preserved. If Mr. Parkes, or ^^^ "^^^ ^f'' f '■}'' ^^'iVu^^'u'' 

any other gentleman, would supply *"^ T"^ '°"l ^u^AT^^f L 

* .. "Ik « • I \u u . Zt was the son of Charles Newman, esq. ot 




WQQid certainly he very desirable to bart. of the same county. He has left 

preserve a representation of so re- ah aged father to lanv^t the loss of a 

mark able a place, as left by such an beloved son in the prime of life; an af* 

able improver of nature. — Modest fectionate wife to bewail the death of an 

and worthy Shenstone! I knew htm excellent husband; amt bis country to 

well. Amiable in his manners, will- regret as they regard the loss of a^gpoi^ 

ing to communicate, he was the and gallant officer, 

friend of merit and the fosterer of < IVon ommt mortar: nmUofuepars 9W| 

genius. I well remember when a FUahit lAbitinttm,^ 

Mr. 



IS12.] A Series of Letters en Jamstks.—Lettet III. »17 



ji Serie9 of Xetten on Acoumci, 
addre»o^dio ifr. A lbx a hobr, Dur- 
ham Plmc0y ffeH Ihtekney, ' 

6lB, LfitVER III. 

^ npHE qaalities which belong to 
m. I^oud, may be divided into 
^ifl^rent kinds, independent of each 
4>ther. 

i; **l^tch, which dependu upon the 
quickness or ilowness of the Tibra- 
tions The laws of this velocity, and 
the circumstances which determine it, 
are well known." These will be ^x- 
plasfted hereafter. 

2. ^^Retonunce^ which arises out 
of the intimate composition of the so- 
norous body.* in it we distinguish dif- 
liereot tones, as the clear, the soft, 
the dully the cracklings with the laws 
of which we are yet unacquainted." 

Smooth and crear sounds proceed 
from bodies, the parts of which are of 
the tame kind, and of an uniform 
figure : and harsh sounds, from such 
Si are of a mixed matter, and irregu- 
lar figu^ 

The following are the conclusioni 
^rhich M. Perolie draws from various 
experiments: 

1. That ait substances, which Were 
tried, which possess extended sur- 
faces, fortify the weak sounds pro- 
ceed by bodies which touch them, 
and modify the tone in a manner pe^ 
cnliar to each. 

9. That these effects arise from the 
transmission of sound by solid bodies 
Whig iu general better than by the 
mir, and the peculiar modification of 
the tone by each. 

5. That the resonance of musical 
instruments is more particularly to be 
attributed to this cause. 

4. The experiments with msnical 
ftrtngs afford reason to conclude, that 
the volume of bodies has an mfiueuce 
in their sounding properties. 

6. As marble in some degree extin- 
guishes sound, and bears the same 
rank among solid bodies as inflara- 
mable air amon^ fluids, it is not ad- 
visable to use it in the construction of 
churches, concert rooms, or other 
edifices, in which the propagation of 
found is desirable. 

I shall subjoin an experiment con^ 
lained in Annotations on the above 
^aper of M, Perolie. 
' ** Numerous experiments have 
riiown, that sound caq be refiecte^ 
|aid that the imprtssion on the ear is 
GaiTT. M4.G. Marck^ 181S. 



greater or lets, according to the dii* 
position of the reflecting Dodies. Op* 
tical instruments are disposed in a tube 
of such a length) that the rays of 
li|^ht which arise froih a small portion 
•01 the yisible hemisphere can alono 
reach the organ of perception. All 
the others jtrike the surface of tha 
tube, and, after one or more reflee* 
tions, are almost totally absorbed or 
lost. ' It remains to be ascertained 
from reasoning or experiment, how 
far the effect may be produced witfi 
regard to sound. With a cylindrical 
wooden pipe, three inches in diame- 
ter, and ei^ht t(&et in length, at the 
distance of two miles from London,. 
I listened to the noises which came 
from the capital. I think I did not 
deceive myself by a prepossession, 
when I distinctly heard the noise and 
agitation of wheels on the pavement 
mudi more strongly than any other 
kind of sound. Nearer sounds, not 
In the direction of the tube, were less 
perceived; and such af were loudf 
afterwards assumed a musical tonei 
most probably upon the reiterated 
reflections under the several anglei of 
its reception.*' 

But to return to the qualities of 
Sound. With regard to tones, some 
are too grave, &nd others loo acute i 
for the human ear. 

** There are degrees of acutenesi 
and gravity which are beyond the 
powers of apprehension. The v?ar- 
bling of birds is of this kind* Na 
birds but the nightingale and cuckoo 
produce musical tones which we can 
imitate, or compare with those of 
our musical inslruments* A bullfincti 
and canary bird can be taught by fla« 
geolets aud bird-pipes; but their na* 
tural warble is incommensurate ^'\ik 
our scale.*' 

Dr. Robison found, that any noise 
whatever, if repeated 240 times in a 
second, at equal intervals, produces 
the note C, at the bottom of a treble 
voice. If it be repeated SCO times, it 
produ?!es G. It was imagiued, that 
only regular agitations of life air, such 
as are produced h^ the trembling or 
vibrations of elastic bodies, arentted 
for exciting in us the sensation of a 
musical stmnd. But he found that 
any noi^e whatever will have the same 
effect, if repeated with dqe frequency. 
Nothing surely can hiive less preteO' 
sious to the nasajp oi a mtisical sound, 
than the lolttary snap whieb a quilt 

makesi 



I 

21 « A Series of Zettfrs on Jcousiks.'^Lefter III. [March, 

makei, \^hen drawn from one tooth | minor 3d. 

of a comb to another t but when the • .«;„^. ^.u 
4uUI is held to the teeth of a wheel, f "" "'*"'"' ^^°* 
whirliDf^ at such a rale that 720 J "^ major 6lh. 
teeth pass under it in a second, the ^ would also obierye, that if yon in- 
sound G in alt is heard most ({istinct- ^^^^ ^^e foregoin? fractions, thu»s 
Ij; and, if the rate of tho wheePs I.I {» &<^« they will give the propor* 
motion be varied in any proportion, tional length of strings or pipes 
the noise made by the quili is mixed f^ produce these vibrations or pulse;i 
in the most distinct manner with the V* ^^^ ***"' because, vibrations are 
note corresponding to the fre4uency inversefjf as the length of string 
of the snaps. a«<l pipes ; that is, (not in mathemt^ 

I ^hal I continue, as I began, to give ''f^^* out in common language) the 
Tery long quotations; because, those vibrations will be slow^ in proportion 
for whose use these iessays are compil- f ^ the length of the strings, and quick 
ed, are not likely to have leisure to in proportion to their shortness, 
consult the original works from which ** The above ratios,'* says Dr.Hart- 
ray extracts are taken; and 1 had ra- *®7» V are Very simple. But a note 
ther that authors should speak for with its flat or sharp, second or le- 
themselves,than, by altering their Ian- venlh, is originally disagreeable,'* 
guage, pass off their ideas for my *' It may also be observed, that 
own, which would, in fact, he array- concords seem to be originally pleas- 
ing myself in borrowed feathers, and *"gf in propcrtion to fie simplicity 
endeavouring to conceal the theft, by of the ratios by which they are' e^- 
having them dyed, and the colour pressed. Hence we may, perhaps^ 
changed for the worse. suspect, that even the concords were 

' k\\ -^ -.-:~:^-.. . . .. 

le) 

agitations of the drum of the ear may ^''""i of the ear j aud that at last they 

so strain that membrane, that it may ^^^^ within the limits of pleasure, as 

be hurt even by gentle sounds. mtmy other pains do.*' 

"Uniform sounds, whether vocal Such is the manner in which Dn 

or instrumental, are pleasant, if their Hartley accounts for the originul 

degree of loudness be not eiccessive ; i^ieasure arising from musick. It is, 

because they fall short of ovet-f l^owever, I believe, acknowledged by 

stretching the drum of the ear. t'jose best acquainted with the snb- 

" Two notes sounded together af- J^^t, that we are ignorant of the ira- 
ford a greater degree of pleasure than mediate cause of the pleasure we re- 
one, ifthe ratio of their vibrations be cei^e from certain consonances, 
sufficiently simple. " Nature," says Rousseau, " whicli 

You will, with facility, understand ^^} endued the objects of every senss 

the nature of ^lios^ as applied to with qualities proper for flattering it, 

vibrations of musical sounds, and the ]}^^ chosen, that oUe sound, whatever 
pulses or strokes occasioned by them, '^t ^c» «*>ftll be accompanied with its 

if I explain it in the following manner : agreeable sounds, as she has willed, 

" Ir, in the same time, a second for *"** ^"® ""^y ©^ '«ght should always be 

example, that oner sound makes one 'ormed of the finest colours. But, if 

vibration, another sound makes two '^^ remove this question, and inquire 

vibrations; the /rj?< sound, with re- whence arises the pleasure which a 

spcct to the second sound, is said to perfect concord causes to the ear, 

have the ratio, that is, proportion, whilst it is disgusted with the con- 

•f 1 to 2. Now this ratio of two vi- ^'ourse 6f every other sound, what 

brating sounds gives the octave, 240 ^^" we answer to that, unless to de^ 

being the number of vibrations made roand, in our turn, why green de^ 

by C in one second. I have only to '^ghts the eye more than gray ? and 

multiply this by 2, and it will give why the odour of the rose is pleasing, 

the octave, 240x 2=^480. These are ^h'lst the poppy *s smell is disgust* 

Ihe plibes made by C in one second. ^°? ^ 

I ffiTes the 5th. **} ^^!^^^ ^^"^1 *''** natural philo- 

t »..;^* ai sophers have explained all this: an4 

plain I 



1812.] Zeiterin. an Acoustics.— The B^le Societi/. 219 

filainl But bow, much do tbue ex- lion, throueli faitb, which isia Chriit . 

tl»natioD* depead dd coDJecture ; and Jesu«; AirSccipture ii given bj in- 

ow little aoiidit; do wc find \a them, sp.iratioD of God, and ii proBuble for 

when tbej are Dearly examined." ductrluc, ft^r reproof, for correctioii, 

I will cloK mj (treseut letter with for taitruction in rigtiteouiaeii : that ■ 

aaiue obierTationt un Harmony, bj the man of God maj/ be per/ecj, tho- 

Dr. RobituD. raifskl}/ fumiihed unto tU good 
" We bave made numberleu trials . vorkt." Thua doei St. Paul fullj 

or thedifierent concords with penoni declare, that the Uible ulime is able . 

altogether ignoraat of muiick. We to make men w'lie uaio talvalion, and 

■KTcr «aw an ioitaDca of one, irhu lo make lhe_m j/er/ect (j. 



tbuuzht that mere uaiion gave a 
positive pleasure. Noae of an 
whom we eiaraioed had much plea- 
flure in the octave. All, withput ex- 
ception, were tlelighted with a fith, 
1 major Sd; .'knd many of 



be). Iharoughlji fumithed ual» , 
all guodwiirki.. After lucli a proof, 
nolhio^ mure i« requisite fur tiie , 
refutatiuD uf Eir. Marsh'* objectious. - 
than lo dcmontlrale the accurdance ' 
with tJio word of p 



them preferred the latler. All of God. In the second part ' uf tliu 



them agreed in calling the pk 

derif«d from the 5th, a aweetne»a, 
asd liiat ft'om the major 3J, a cheer- 
fulnets, or tniartneu, or by. nxnius 
of limiJar import. Feiv hud much 
pleature from the minor 3d, ur minor 
6tb. ti-B. Care wai taken to sound 
Ibe concords without any pieparation 
— jncrely a* lounds i but nut m^kia^ 
a' part uf any musical pasiacc. Thia 
circtimttaace has a great efiect upon 
Iliad. When Ifae minor 3d and 



first Uomily we read, ",7%e hufii- 
bte,ma)f search unj/ IriUh boldln in the 
Scripture, vithaul danger of erivr. 
And if he be ignorant, he ought the 
more to read and lo searFli holy, 
scripture, to bring him out of (gtio- 
ranee." And a^ain, " Concerning llic 
hardneuof Scnpturej he that ii so 
weak, that he h not able to brook, 
itron,^ meat, yet he may luck. .the 
iweet aiid Render milk, aud defer the ' 
il he wax stronger, and come 



£lh were heai'd at making a part of to more knoicledge: fcir God 

the minor m(»de, all were delighted eth the learned and uok-anied, and 

<tith it, and called itaweet and mourn- caslethaway none; and the Scripture 

ful. In like manner the chord % never is full, at will of low. valtegi, plain 

failed to give pleasure. Nolhiogcaa viags, and ea^ for ever) man to walk 

be aatronger proof of the ignorance iht as also of high hills »nd moun- 

of the Anlieuts. of the pleasures of tains, which lew men can climb unto, 

harmony," And whosoever giveCh his mind to 

The subject of Tibratioqs \ shall Holy Scripture with diligent sLudj 



raav 

; fol- 



reiume in my next letter. C. J. S. 

■ Mr. Ubb*.b, J 

THE arguments of Dr 
against the Bible Society 
be briefly comprehended ii ' 
lowing syllogism : 
' Whatever British inalitulion lends 
to the domestic distribution of the Bi- 
ble without the Prayer Book, is de- 
tri|iiental,tp the Church of England. 
The Bible Society ia a British iiKli- 
lulioD, thai t«Dd;«lo the doiiieati,c dis- 
tribution pf the Bible without the 
Prayer Book i therefore 

■j^he UibI? Society it detrimeolal to 
tli'e Church of Eugland. 
' St. Paul, io direct contradiction (i; 



and burning desire, it cannot be, sailh 
St. Chrysostom, that he should be left ' 
without help." And in tbe second port 
of Uie Homily concerning prayer; 
'* that all luco wonld .tliidioualy re^d 
and search the Scriptures! then ihould 
tlty rtot be drowned in ■ 
should paailji perceive 
well of this paint efdei 
the reil." ' Let the reiit 
compare the above qi 
the treatise of Dr, Ma 
reridily acknowledge v 
Ihe.arjuraents for thei 
the Bible alone are si 
popular,>o apparently 
tfue ProteslanlisBh " 

,- mentsfortbe contrary 1 

tlie above, b'u written, in the tbirii from the public view, 
chapter of his second. Epistle to Tl- are ei|iiai[y dilScnlt t< 
mpthy, " Add that from a' child thou dangerous lo propose. ^ 

h;^tkQOwn the Holy Scriptujea.ii/iicft' I am as warm a frieiid to the Lt- 
are able t9 make ikee wise unto lalva- tiirg;' iu any inan: 1 admire both Hi 

doctrines 



J?Q JKstnbtj^ionqf Bikks.'-'^eri^ts of Dissenf^s^ [Macdi^ 



doctrines fuid itfdjclioo, and think it 
•houid be to plentiful It diftributed, 
as that the want thereof might neter 
be felt hi oorchurches; but to lup* 
pose that the »ame ti requisite as an 
espltmatdry companion to tke Bibles 
is a doctrine repugnant to common 
sense, to the constitntion of our 
Church, and to the Express declaration 
of the Alroightjt But, if eten this 
be conceded, it by no means follows, 
thai the Bible Society is therefore 
o^en to detraictioo ; for, whether this 
Society existed ornot, this same effect 
must still prevail. If a member of the 
Sstablishment subscribe to the Bible 
Sii^iety, he wilU wherever he deems 
necessary, distribute the Prayer Book 
to the poor, in exactly the same num- 
bers as if he had never subscribed ; 
and if a Dissenter subscribe, he will 
^omit the Prayer Book, in the same 
n^anner as if no such Society existed. 
Trom this source, then, no blame can 
littach to the Society i and to accuse 
it as bein^ the cause of the perversion 
and wresting of Scripture, is nothing 
wiser than to blaite the learned Doc- 
tor for all the fantastical notions and 
Socinian principles which anv^of bis 
auditors may choose to iogran on his 
excellent lectures. That the Prayer 
Book is highly useful as a public for- 
mulary ,no Churchman can deny t but, 
as neither the Uomilies^the Canons, 
nor the Articles of our Church, ex- 
press any necessity for distributing it, 
OS an tsplaniUdrjf compaftion to the 
BibUt may the most venerable Seniors 
of this VniversUy strive, with one 
kand and dne heart, to oppose so de- 
lusive and dangerous an innovation; 
and by estattltsbing an Auxiliary Bible 
Society, may they, as much as in 
them nes, pr.omote the glorv of CTod, 
whose they are, andwht>m they serve* 
*• To omit,'* says Dr. Johnson, ** for 
a year, or for a day, the most efHca- 
jdous mHhod of advancing Christian^ 
sty, in coni^pliance with an> purposes 
which lernnnate on this side of the 
y grave, h a crime of which 1 know not 
%at the ^ orid h. s yei Rti ex ;n ple.'^ 

ScRlTT4TOR OXti^fBNSIS. 

Itfr. Urbaw, Quamton, Nb, 26. 

RELIGION is the Iriend of man $ 
, tlike beift Peng ion is coaiseqiieiftly 
the best friend of uaiu Ever) hoa- st 
Ihau ^\\\ Hjiturally think Ma^which 
lie prultsses -the best, will be earnest 
VI the [^rttcttce pf it himself, will t^ach. 



it his children and dependants, and um 
every proper method in making pro* 
sdytes to it. Among the Dissenten 
from the Church of Bnglsnd, I trust 
there are many, very many, hbnest 
and worthy men; but there h a wary 
of mdcin^ proselytes with some of 
their promsors, which I cannot bi)t 
call a meretricious one. I wilt instanco 
in three of the different persnasioos^ 
The Roman Cath o lie priests : many of 
these, besides allowing the use of 
force whatever it is in their power, 
say, you must be of our Church ; for 
ours is the only true Church ^ if yon 
are not of our Church, you are not a 
true Christian; you are a Qeretic; 
you must come and confess to us to 
obtain absolution, otherwise you wil| 
be damned to all eternity. Thus thej 
lord it over the consciences of their 
flock, whom it is their acknowledged 
principle to keep in ignorance. The 
Calvinist represents God as partial, 
dwells upon 6c4*s predestination, audi 
tells you, if younre not of theElect^ 
you cannot be saved: now, by the 
Elect they must mean their own sect, 
or else they must be wretched ; thej, 
therefore, try to win you over to their 
sect, by assuring you that then you 
are most likely to he of those favour^ 
ed few, among whom, if you are not 
found, you may pray and strive your 
heart out, and yet will not be saved* 
The last I allude to, is the sect of the 
Antinom|ans, who say your good 
works are of no aVail ; sin as much* a% 
yon will, come to Jesus, and he will 
save you : the greater sinner, the 
greater saint; only have faith, and 
that, will do. This is a very easy reKr 
gion, and in this light I am persuaded 
maby of the common people embrace 
it. No wonder people become prose* 
lytes to such 'alluring doctrines. Nq 
wonder Couventicles are erowded, 
while the hOoeitt Church of England is 
neglected, which telis ^ou, that yoi^ 
rbnst be a good man m order to be, 
saved ; that you must, while you have 
opportunity, be faithful in every good 
work^ that though jou rely ou the 
atonement of the Saviour, as the me- 
ritorious cause of your salvation, yet 
sincere endeavours and good works 
are the condition: that your rb;hter 
ousness must exceed that oi the 
Scribes and Pharisees; that it must 
be wrought up to that high strain 
expressed by our Saviour in nisdiviae 
Sermon ou the Mount; that wd must 

labour 



lilbearatdiligeotLyasifalMei^iidedoaL m haliit^ ttf.MmArj ->rhteh the' 

ounelyes,aiuloi]r(aboiirmasttleeii« parfliit«ki,lhe[^9ttr eUnMsre «l1>Kg^ 

forced and saaetified }xy love to G<A ed to ctiklvdte kk theif oAprmji;^ at an 

faith in our Redeemer^ and the moat early perMf and that it m supfiortdd 

li^tfieit ^ralitade for his tufieriogf at « co<nfMAflhraly snatt expcacv^ta 

and expiation. scka«l» of -dailf resctrt i tfoondering' 

We allow with the Eoman Catholic aho that, m ntasy parts o£ l(^ A£c^ 

that ibeirs was once the triiQ Charch, tr(»potis» scboats^fatbe " Laoeaateriaa 

bbt ^^ know, alas! also thatithaa .pW^ htfte been akatdy forned i it 

1qb{ boMi, and stiH is, cormpted with is sabinittted whether it woald not bo 

crudtj, persecution, iddb^trj, bias- more heneioitl to the real intorests of 

phenj, and absurdity. -We allow the jpoor j if the «* National Society^ 

tritli the CalfinisU, that God, before conttoed its oi^ect* to the etlabKoi** 

the foundation of the world, predes- moot of Saadby Seho^k and tli6 rm*' 

tiaed to saye his faithful servants and largeiatiil' of those alfoady fbrmal } 

true penitenU by the death of hia QiKty, what has been the prog^iess of 

Son^luit we cannot think that God theSodetf for <* thotopport aniens 

would be partial. to any setofmei^ caar^easent Of Sunday Schools^ ii« 

l>ecattse he declares over and oyer in stitutra* 11d5» of w^fch Loi4 Barham 

the Scriptures, that He is no sespectar it Presideat, and the saoceta^teddiRf 

of persons but in every nation he il« exertions' I 

that feareth him and workeih rightc<^ Mr. Pcrceya^ has nsaycd foi *aa an^ 

pusnest is accepted with him. With count of the nantber of Chappbd smd > 

the Antiaouians, we believe that our places of worship coaaeeted with thh- 

food works alone cannot saxe us; Jfiitablishoeat, whieh, it iskopei, it 

at we cannot be induced to believe pt